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1. US20160071970 - Confined semi-metal field effect transistor

Office United States of America
Application Number 14625376
Application Date 18.02.2015
Publication Number 20160071970
Publication Date 10.03.2016
Grant Number 09431529
Grant Date 30.08.2016
Publication Kind B2
IPC
H01L 29/745
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
66Types of semiconductor device
68controllable by only the electric current supplied, or only the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified, or switched
70Bipolar devices
74Thyristor-type devices, e.g. having four-zone regenerative action
744Gate-turn-off devices
745with turn-off by field effect
H01L 29/74
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LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
66Types of semiconductor device
68controllable by only the electric current supplied, or only the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified, or switched
70Bipolar devices
74Thyristor-type devices, e.g. having four-zone regenerative action
H01L 29/768
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
66Types of semiconductor device
68controllable by only the electric current supplied, or only the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified, or switched
76Unipolar devices
762Charge transfer devices
765Charge-coupled devices
768with field effect produced by an insulated gate
H01L 27/095
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LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
27Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate
02including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier
04the substrate being a semiconductor body
08including only semiconductor components of a single kind
085including field-effect components only
095the components being Schottky barrier gate field-effect transistors
H01L 21/335
HELECTRICITY
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LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
21Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
02Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
04the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer
18the devices having semiconductor bodies comprising elements of group IV of the Periodic System or AIIIBV compounds with or without impurities, e.g. doping materials
334Multistep processes for the manufacture of devices of the unipolar type
335Field-effect transistors
H01L 29/78
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
66Types of semiconductor device
68controllable by only the electric current supplied, or only the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified, or switched
76Unipolar devices
772Field-effect transistors
78with field effect produced by an insulated gate
CPC
H01L 29/78
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
66Types of semiconductor device ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
68controllable by only the electric current supplied, or only the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified or switched
76Unipolar devices ; , e.g. field effect transistors
772Field effect transistors
78with field effect produced by an insulated gate
H01L 29/0669
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
02Semiconductor bodies ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
06characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions
0657characterised by the shape of the body
0665the shape of the body defining a nanostructure
0669Nanowires or nanotubes
H01L 29/0673
HELECTRICITY
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LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
02Semiconductor bodies ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
06characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions
0657characterised by the shape of the body
0665the shape of the body defining a nanostructure
0669Nanowires or nanotubes
0673oriented parallel to a substrate
H01L 29/0847
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29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
02Semiconductor bodies ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
06characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions
08with semiconductor regions connected to an electrode carrying current to be rectified, amplified or switched and such electrode being part of a semiconductor device which comprises three or more electrodes
0843Source or drain regions of field-effect devices
0847of field-effect transistors with insulated gate
H01L 29/36
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LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
02Semiconductor bodies ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
36characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities ; in the bulk material
H01L 29/66439
HELECTRICITY
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LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
66Types of semiconductor device ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
66007Multistep manufacturing processes
66075of devices having semiconductor bodies comprising group 14 or group 13/15 materials
66227the devices being controllable only by the electric current supplied or the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified or switched, e.g. three-terminal devices
66409Unipolar field-effect transistors
66439with a one- or zero-dimensional channel, e.g. quantum wire FET, in-plane gate transistor [IPG], single electron transistor [SET], striped channel transistor, Coulomb blockade transistor
Applicants Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Inventors Ryan M. Hatcher
Jorge A. Kittl
Robert C. Bowen
Agents Convergent Law Group LLP
Title
(EN) Confined semi-metal field effect transistor
Abstract
(EN)

Exemplary embodiments are disclosed for a semi-metal transistor, comprising: a semi-metal contact region adjacent to a metal contact; at least one semiconductor terminal; and a semi-metal transition region connected between the contact region and the semiconductor terminal that transitions from a substantially zero gap semi-metal beginning at an interface of the contact region into a semiconductor with an energy band gap towards the semiconductor terminal.