Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

Goto Application

1. WO2007085637 - TAMPER RESISTANT DOSAGE FORMS

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. Use of an amount of an opioid antagonist in an amount at least sufficient to substantially antagonize a therapeutic amount of opioid agonist, when both, the opioid agonist and the opioid antagonist, are administered intravenous at the same time, in the form of a controlled release dosage form comprising a homogeneous controlled release matrix formulation comprising a hydrophobic material, including at least one hydrophobic polymer and at least one fatty alcohol or fatty acid, and said therapeutic amount of an opioid agonist and said sufficient amount of opioid antagonist, to prevent the formation of an extract of said controlled release matrix formulation comprising the opioid agonist by a one step extraction procedure comprising the steps of:

a) crushing the formulation of one dosage form using a pill crusher or a
tablet mortar, or using two spoons, wherein the crushing is performed at least 4 times using the spoons,
b) extracting the crushed formulation of one dosage form on a spoon using 2 ml boiling tap water as extracting agent and a cigarette lighter as heating means for a time period that is necessary to boil the water, and
c) filtering the solution using cotton,

wherein the opioid antagonist is present in said extract in a weight percent amount, based on the total amount of opioid antagonist in the dosage form, that is more than 20 %-points less than the weight percent amount of opioid agonist present in the extract, based on the total amount of opioid agonist in the dosage form.

2. Use according to claim 1 to prevent the formation of an extract, wherein the opioid antagonist is present in said extract in a weight percent amount, based on the total amount of opioid antagonist in the dosage form, that is more than 15 %-points, preferably more than 12 %-points less than the weight percent amount of opioid agonist present in the extract, based on the total amount of opioid agonist in the dosage form.

3. Use of an amount of an opioid antagonist in an amount at least sufficient to substantially antagonize a therapeutic amount of opioid agonist when both, the opioid agonist and the opioid antagonist, are administered intravenous at the same time,, in the form of a controlled release dosage form comprising a homogeneous controlled release matrix formulation comprising a hydrophobic material, including at least one hydrophobic polymer and at least one fatty alcohol or fatty acid, and said therapeutic amount of an opioid agonist and said sufficient amount of opioid antagonist, to prevent the formation of an extract of said controlled release matrix formulation comprising the opioid agonist by a one step extraction procedure comprising the steps of:

a) crushing the formulation of one dosage form using a pill crusher or a
tablet mortar, or using two spoons, wherein the crushing is performed at least 4 times using the spoons
b) extracting said crushed formulation on a spoon using 2 ml boiling
deionized water as extracting agent and a cigarette lighter as heating
means for a time period that is necessary to boil the water, and
c) filtering the solution using cotton,

wherein the opioid antagonist is present in said extract in a weight percent amount, based on the total amount of opioid antagonist in the dosage form, that is more than 15 %-points less than the weight percent amount of opioid agonist present in the extract, based on the total amount of opioid agonist in the dosage form.

4. Use according to claim 1 to prevent the formation of an extract, wherein the opioid antagonist is present in said extract in a weight percent amount, based on the total amount of opioid antagonist in the dosage form, that is more than 10 %-points, preferably more than 7 %-points less than the weight percent amount of opioid agonist present in the extract, based on the total amount of opioid agonist in the dosage form.

5. Use of an amount of an opioid antagonist in an amount at least sufficient to substantially antagonize a therapeutic amount of opioid agonist, when both, the opioid agonist and the opioid antagonist, are administered intravenous at the same time, in the form of a controlled release dosage form comprising a homogeneous controlled release matrix formulation comprising a hydrophobic material, including at least one hydrophobic polymer and at least one fatty alcohol or fatty acid, and said therapeutic amount of an opioid agonist and said sufficient amount of opioid antagonist, to prevent the formation of an extract of said controlled release matrix formulation comprising the opioid agonist by a one step extraction procedure comprising the steps of:

a) crushing the formulation of 10 dosage form using a pill crusher
b) extracting said crushed formulation in a glass vial using 100 ml of
extraction solvent selected from the group of deionized water,
hydrochloride acid (2N), acetic acid (2N), sodium hydroxide solution
(0.1N, 0.5N, IN or 2 N) and ethanol (40%), and shaking for at least 15
minutes at least room temperature, wherein the opioid antagonist is present in said extract in a weight percent amount, based on the total amount of opioid antagonist in the dosage form, that is more than 10 %-points less than the weight percent amount of opioid agonist present in the extract, based on the total amount of opioid agonist in the dosage form.

6. Use according to claim 5 to prevent the formation of an extract, wherein the opioid antagonist is present in said extract in a weight percent amount, based on the total amount of opioid antagonist in the dosage form, that is more than 5 %-points or more than 3 %-points less than the weight percent amount of opioid agonist present in the extract, based on the total amount of opioid agonist in the dosage form.

7. Use according to claims 5 or 6 to prevent the formation of an extract, wherein shaking is performed for 120 minutes.

8. Use according to any one of claims 5 to 7 to prevent the formation of an extract, wherein deionized water is used as extraction solvent and during extraction the deionized water is heated to 500C, preferably 75°C and most preferred 1000C for 5 minutes.

9. Use of an amount of an opioid antagonist in an amount at least sufficient to substantially antagonize a therapeutic amount of opioid agonist, when both, the opioid agonist and the opioid antagonist, are administered intravenous at the same time, in the form of a controlled release dosage form comprising a homogeneous controlled release matrix formulation comprising a hydrophobic material, including at least one hydrophobic polymer and at least one fatty alcohol or fatty acid, and said therapeutic amount of an opioid agonist and said sufficient amount of opioid antagonist, to prevent the formation of an extract of said controlled release matrix formulation comprising the opioid agonist by a one step extraction procedure comprising the steps of:

a) heating deionized water to 700C
b) adding intact formulation of one dosage form and stirring for 15
minutes
c) separating the extract

wherein the opioid antagonist is present in said extract in a weight percent amount, based on the total amount of opioid antagonist in the dosage form, that is more than 15 %-points less than the weight percent amount of opioid agonist present in the extract, based on the total amount of opioid agonist in the dosage form.

10. Use according to claim 9 to prevent the formation of an extract, wherein the opioid antagonist is present in said extract in a weight percent amount, based on the total amount of opioid antagonist in the dosage form, that is more than 10 %-points less than the weight percent amount of opioid agonist present in the extract, based on the total amount of opioid agonist in the dosage form.

11. Use according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the formulations is prepared by a melt extrusion step to form a homogenous matrix.

12. Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the opioid is selected from alfentanil, allylprodine, alphaprodine, anileridine, benzylmorphine, bezitramide, buprenorphine, butorphanol, clonitazene, codeine, desomorphine, dextromoramide, dezocine, diampromide, diamorphone, dihydrocodeine, dihydromorphine, dimenoxadol, dimepheptanol, dimethylthiambutene, dioxaphetyl butyrate, dipipanone, eptazocine, ethoheptazine, ethylmethylthiambutene, ethylmorphine, etonitazene, etorphine, dihydroetorphine, fentanyl and derivatives, heroin, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, hydroxypethidine, isomethadone, ketobemidone, levorphanol, levophenacylmorphan, lofentanil, meperidine, meptazinol, metazocine, methadone, metopon, morphine, myrophine, narceine, nicomorphine, norlevorphanol, normethadone, nalorphine, nalbuphene, normorphine, norpipanone, opium, oxycodone, oxymorphone, papaveretum, pentazocine, phenadoxone, phenomorphan, phenazocine, phenoperidine, piminodine, piritramide, propheptazine, promedol, properidine, propoxyphene, sufentanil, tilidine, tramadol, pharmaceutically acceptable salts of any of the forgoing and mixtures of any of the foregoing, and the like, preferably from pharmaceutically acceptable salts of any of codeine, morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, or oxymorphone.

13. Use according to any one of he preceding claims, wherein the opioid antagonist is selected form the group of naloxone, naltrexone and nalorphine.

14. Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the opioid agonist is oxycodone hydrochloride and the opioid antagoninst is naloxone hydrochloride.

15. Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the opioid agonist is oxycodone hydrochloride and the opioid antagoninst is naloxone hydrochloride which are present in the dosage form in an amount ratio of 2: 1.

16. Use according to any one of he preceding claims, wherein the hydrophobic polymer is an alkyl cellulose, preferably ethylcellulose.

17. Use according to claim 16, wherein the amount of the alkyl cellulose, preferably ethyl cellulose, is less than 20 % (by wt), preferably less than 15 % (by wt), most preferred less than 10 % (by wt) but more than 5 % (by wt) of the matrix formulation.

18. Use according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the fatty alcohol or fatty acid is selected from Ci2 to C36 aliphatic alcohols or acids, preferably stearyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, cetostearyl alcohol, stearic acid, palmitic acid and mixtures thereof.

19. Use according to claim 18, wherein the amount of Ci2 to C36 aliphatic alcohol or acid is at least 5 %, more preferred at least 10 % (by wt), more preferred at least 15 % (by wt) and most preferred 20 % to 25 % (by wt) of the matrix formulation.

20. Use according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the amount of ethyl cellulose is less than 10 % (by wt) of the matrix formulation further comprising steary alcohol in an amount of between 20% and 25 % (by wt) and oxycodone hydrochloride and naloxone hydrochloride in an amount ratio of 2:1.