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1. US20090169468 - Adjusting the stability of complex metal hydrides

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Claims

1. A material for reversible hydrogen storage, which comprises a solid complex metal hydride based on one or more anions selected from the group consisting of BH 4 , MH 4 and MH 6 3− where M is one member selected from the group consisting of Al, Ga and In, and one or more cations selected from the group consisting of alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, transition metals, lanthanoids, and Ga, where the material is substituted in part of the total number of anion-hydrogens with a halogen in the complex metal hydride and therefore has reduced stability.
2. The material according to claim 1, wherein halogen is selected from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine and bromine.
3. The material according to claim 1, wherein the cation or the cations is/are selected from the group consisting of alkali metals, alkaline-earth metals and 3d transition metals.
4. The material according to claim 1, wherein the cation is Li.
5. The material according to claim 1, where the complex metal hydride is substituted from 0.01 to 70% molar percentage.
6. The material according to claim 1, comprising one or more combinations of complex metal hydride ions or of complex metal hydride ions and interstitial hydrogen.
7. The material according to claim 1, comprising complex metal hydride ions that are interconnected, so that total composition and charge differ from the isolated complex metal hydride ions.
8. A process for the preparation of a material for reversible hydrogen storage, which comprises a complex metal hydride based on one or more anions selected from the group consisting of BH 4 , MH 4 , and MH 6 3−, where M is one member selected from the group consisting of Al, Ga, and In, and one or more cations selected from the group of alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, transition metals, lanthanoids, Al and Ga, where the material has reduced stability as a result of a substitution, comprising the steps of mixing a metal halogenide with a dehydrogenated product and rehydrogenating and substituting in part of the total number of anion-hydrogens with a halogen in the complex metal hydride during said steps of mixing and rehydrogenating.
9. The process according to claim 8, where halogen is selected from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine and bromine.
10. The process according to claim 8, where the cation is selected from the group consisting of alkali metal, alkaline-earth metals, 3d transition metals, Al, and mixtures thereof.
11. The process according to claim 8, where Li is selected as cation.
12. The process according to claim 8, where the complex metal hydride is substituted from 0.01 to 70% molar percentage.
13. The process according to claim 8, where the material comprises one or more combinations of complex metal hydride ions or of complex metal hydride ions and interstitial hydrogen.
14. The process according to claim 8, where the material comprises complex metal hydride ions that are interconnected so that total composition and charge differ from the isolated complex metal hydride ions.