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1. WO2013155097 - SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATION OF LONG DATA UNITS

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A method for wireless communication, comprising:

determining, with a processor, a modulation coding scheme (MCS) of a plurality of MCSs for a plurality of data symbols, each MCS of the plurality of MCSs having a different MCS index value;

generating a first data unit comprising a set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols after every n number of data symbols, n depending on the MCS index value of the MCS; and

transmitting wirelessly via wireless local area network the first data unit to one or more devices.

2. The method of claim 1, further comprising determining n based on the MCS index value of the MCS.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein n for a first MCS of the plurality of MCSs is equal to or greater than n for a second MCS of the plurality of MCSs when the first MCS has a first MCS index value lower than a second MCS index value of the second MCS.

4. The method of claim 1, further comprising:

determining whether the MCS index value of the MCS is a first MCS index value or a second MCS index value;

in response to determining that the MCS index value is the first MCS index value, generating the first data unit;

in response to determining that the MCS index value is the second MCS index value, generating a second data unit comprising the plurality of data symbols and not comprising the set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols, the second MCS index value being higher than the first MCS index value; and

transmitting wirelessly via wireless local area network the first data unit or the second data unit to the one or more devices.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein n is greater when a designated receiver of the first data unit performs channel tracking than when the designated receiver of the first data unit does not perform channel tracking.

6. The method of claim 1 , wherein the first data unit comprises a physical layer protocol data unit (PPDU), and the set of training fields comprises a first training field including a gain control sequence or a second training field including a channel estimation sequence.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein the MCS index value of each MCS of the plurality of MCSs corresponds to a unique combination of a modulation type and a coding rate.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein n is a value ranging from 75 to 85 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value ranging from 55 to 65 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS1), a value ranging from 35 to 45 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value ranging from 25 to 35 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

9. The method of claim 8, wherein n is a value ranging from 12 to 18 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value ranging from 8 to 12 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein n is a value of about 80 when the MCS has a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value of about 60 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS1), a value of about 40 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value of about 30 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

11. The method of claim 10, wherein n is a value of about 15 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value of about 10 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude

modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

12. The method of claim 1, wherein n is a value ranging from 1 15 to 125 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value ranging from 95 to 105 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS 1), a value ranging from 75 to 85 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value ranging from 65 to 75 when the MCS has a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein n is a value ranging from 35 to 45 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value ranging from 10 to 20 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

14. The method of claim 1, wherein n is a value of about 120 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value of about 100 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS1), a value of about 80 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value of about 70 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein n is a value of about 40 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and the first number is a value of about 15 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

16. A method for wireless communication, comprising:

receiving wirelessly via wireless local area network a data unit comprising a set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols after every n number of data symbols;

determining, with a processor, n for the data unit and a modulation coding scheme (MCS) of a plurality of MCSs for the plurality of data symbols, each MCS of the plurality of MCSs having a different MCS index value, n depending on the MCS index value of the MCS; and

decoding one or more of the plurality of data symbols based on one or more training fields located using the determined n for the data unit.

17. The method of claim 16, wherein n for a first MCS of the plurality of MCSs is equal to or greater than n for a second MCS of the plurality of MCSs when the first MCS has a first MCS index value lower than a second index value of the second MCS.

18. The method of claim 16, further comprising determining whether the data unit comprises a set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols based on the MCS of the plurality of data symbols.

19. The method of claim 16, wherein n is greater when a designated receiver of the data unit performs channel tracking than when the designated receiver of the data unit does not perform channel tracking.

20. The method of claim 16, wherein the data unit comprises a physical layer protocol data unit (PPDU), and the set of training fields comprises a first training field including a gain control sequence or a second training field including a channel estimation sequence.

21. The method of claim 16, wherein n is a value ranging from 75 to 85 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value ranging from 55 to 65 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS1), a value ranging from 35 to 45 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value ranging from 25 to 35 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

22. The method of claim 21, wherein n is a value ranging from 12 to 18 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value ranging from 8 to 12 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

23. The method of claim 16, wherein n is a value of about 80 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value of about 60 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS1), a value of about 40 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value of about 30 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

24. The method of claim 23, wherein n is a value of about 15 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value of about 10 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

25. The method of claim 16, wherein n is a value ranging from 1 15 to 125 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value ranging from 95 to 105 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS 1), a value ranging from 75 to 85 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value ranging from 65 to 75 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

26. The method of claim 25, wherein n is a value ranging from 35 to 45 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value ranging from 10 to 20 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

27. The method of claim 16, wherein n is a value of about 120 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value of about 100 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS1), a value of about 80 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value of about 70 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

28. The method of claim 27, wherein n is a value of about 40 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value of about 15 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

29. An apparatus for wireless communication, comprising:

a processor configured to

determine a modulation coding scheme (MCS) of a plurality of MCSs for a plurality of data symbols, each MCS of the plurality of MCSs having a different MCS index value, and

generate a first data unit comprising a set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols after every n number of data symbols, n depending on the MCS index value of the MCS; and

a transmitter configured to transmit wirelessly via wireless local area network the first data unit to one or more devices.

30. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein the processor is further configured to determine n based on the MCS index value of the MCS.

31. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein n for a first MCS of the plurality of MCSs is equal to or greater than n for a second MCS of the plurality of MCSs when the first MCS has a first MCS index value lower than a second MCS index value of the second MCS.

32. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein

the processor is further configured to

determine whether the MCS index value of the MCS is a first MCS index value or a second MCS index value,

in response to determining that the MCS index value is the first MCS index value, generate the first data unit, and

in response to determining that the MCS index value is the second MCS index value, generate a second data unit comprising the plurality of data symbols and not comprising the set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols, the second MCS index value being higher than the first MCS index value; and the transmitter is further configured to transmit wirelessly via wireless local area network the first data unit or the second data unit to the one or more devices.

33. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein n is greater when a designated receiver of the first data unit performs channel tracking than when the designated receiver of the first data unit does not perform channel tracking.

34. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein the first data unit comprises a physical layer protocol data unit (PPDU), and the set of training fields comprises a first training field including a gain control sequence or a second training field including a channel estimation sequence.

35. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein the MCS index value of each MCS of the plurality of MCSs corresponds to a unique combination of a modulation type and a coding rate.

36. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein n is a value ranging from 75 to 85 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value ranging from 55 to 65 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS 1), a value ranging from 35 to 45 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value ranging from 25 to 35 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

37. The apparatus of claim 36, wherein n is a value ranging from 12 to 18 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value ranging from 8 to 12 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

38. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein n is a value of about 80 when the MCS has a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value of about 60 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS1), a value of about 40 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value of about 30 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

39. The apparatus of claim 38, wherein n is a value of about 15 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value of about 10 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

40. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein n is a value ranging from 1 15 to 125 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value ranging from 95 to 105 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS 1), a value ranging from 75 to 85 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value ranging from 65 to 75 when the MCS has a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS 1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

41. The apparatus of claim 40, wherein n is a value ranging from 35 to 45 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value ranging from 10 to 20 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

42. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein n is a value of about 120 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value of about 100 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS l), a value of about 80 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value of about 70 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCSl corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

43. The apparatus of claim 42, wherein n is a value of about 40 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and the first number is a value of about 15 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

44. An apparatus for wireless communication, comprising:

a receiver configured to receive wirelessly via wireless local area network a data unit comprising a set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols after every n number of data symbols; and a processor configured to

determine n for the data unit and a modulation coding scheme (MCS) of a plurality of MCSs for the plurality of data symbols, each MCS of the plurality of MCSs having a different MCS index value, n depending on the MCS index value of the MCS, and

decode one or more of the plurality of data symbols based on one or more training fields located using the determined n for the data unit.

45. The apparatus of claim 44, wherein n for a first MCS of the plurality of MCSs is equal to or greater than n for a second MCS of the plurality of MCSs when the first MCS has a first MCS index value lower than a second index value of the second MCS.

46. The apparatus of claim 44, wherein the processor is further configured to determine whether the data unit comprises a set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols based on the MCS of the plurality of data

symbols.

47. The apparatus of claim 44, wherein n is greater when a designated receiver of the data unit performs channel tracking than when the designated receiver of the data unit does not perform channel tracking.

48. The apparatus of claim 44, wherein the data unit comprises a physical layer protocol data unit (PPDU), and the set of training fields comprises a first training field including a gain control sequence or a second training field including a channel estimation sequence.

49. The apparatus of claim 44, wherein n is a value ranging from 75 to 85 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value ranging from 55 to 65 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS 1), a value ranging from 35 to 45 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value ranging from 25 to 35 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

50. The apparatus of claim 49, wherein n is a value ranging from 12 to 18 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value ranging from 8 to 12 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

51. The apparatus of claim 44, wherein n is a value of about 80 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value of about 60 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS1), a value of about 40 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value of about 30 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCS1 corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

52. The apparatus of claim 51, wherein n is a value of about 15 when the MCS

is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value of about 10 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

53. The apparatus of claim 44, wherein n is a value ranging from 1 15 to 125 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value ranging from 95 to 105 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS l), a value ranging from 75 to 85 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value ranging from 65 to 75 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCSl corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

54. The apparatus of claim 53, wherein n is a value ranging from 35 to 45 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value ranging from 10 to 20 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

55. The apparatus of claim 44, wherein n is a value of about 120 when the MCS is a MCS index value 0 (MCSO), a value of about 100 when the MCS is a MCS index value 1 (MCS l), a value of about 80 when the MCS is a MCS index value 2 (MCS2), and a value of about 70 when the MCS is a MCS index value 3 (MCS3), and wherein the MCSO corresponds to a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation type and a 1/2 code rate, the MCSl corresponds to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate, the MCS2 corresponds to the QPSK modulation type and a 3/4 code rate, and the MCS3 corresponds to a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) modulation type and the 1/2 code rate.

56. The apparatus of claim 55, wherein n is a value of about 40 when the MCS is a MCS index value 4 (MCS4) and a value of about 15 when the MCS is a MCS index value 5 (MCS5), and wherein the MCS4 corresponds to the 16-QAM modulation type and the 3/4 code rate and the MCS5 corresponds to a 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64-QAM) modulation type and a 2/3 code rate.

57. An apparatus for wireless communication, comprising:

means for determining a modulation coding scheme (MCS) of a plurality of MCSs for a plurality of data symbols, each MCS of the plurality of MCSs having a different MCS index value;

means for generating a first data unit comprising a set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols after every n number of data symbols, n depending on the MCS index value of the MCS; and

means for transmitting wirelessly via wireless local area network the first data unit to one or more devices.

58. An apparatus for wireless communication, comprising:

means for receiving wirelessly via wireless local area network a data unit comprising a set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols after every n number of data symbols;

means for determining n for the data unit and a modulation coding scheme (MCS) of a plurality of MCSs for the plurality of data symbols, each MCS of the plurality of MCSs having a different MCS index value, n depending on the MCS index value of the MCS; and

means for decoding one or more of the plurality of data symbols based on one or more training fields located using the determined n for the data unit.

59. A non-transitory computer storage that stores executable program instructions that direct a processor to perform a process that comprises:

determining a modulation coding scheme (MCS) of a plurality of MCSs for a plurality of data symbols, each MCS of the plurality of MCSs having a different MCS index value;

generating a first data unit comprising a set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols after every n number of data symbols, n depending on the MCS index value of the MCS; and

transmitting wirelessly via wireless local area network the first data unit to one or more devices.

60. A non-transitory computer storage that stores executable program instructions that direct a processor to perform a process that comprises:

receiving wirelessly via wireless local area network a data unit comprising a set of training fields periodically inserted between the plurality of data symbols after every n number of data symbols;

determining n for the data unit and a modulation coding scheme (MCS) of a plurality of MCSs for the plurality of data symbols, each MCS of the plurality of MCSs having a different MCS index value, n depending on the MCS index value of the MCS; and

decoding one or more of the plurality of data symbols based on one or more training fields located using the determined n for the data unit.