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1. WO2002024978 - DOUBLY-PROTECTED REINFORCING MEMBERS IN CONCRETE

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. A method of constructing a concrete structure reinforced with steel rebars, comprising:
embedding said rebars in concrete having a pH in the range from above 9 to about 13, said rebars having a coating of essentially pure aluminum in the range from about 0.25 mm to 2 mm thick upon which coating is an oxide layer in the range from 0.1 μm to 100 μm thick, said oxide layer comprising aluminum oxide and/or hydrated aluminum oxide in a combined aluminum oxide layer which is in direct contact with said concrete;
embedding a corrosion potential sensing member of essentially pure aluminum within said structure;
continuously measuring the corrosion potential at the surface of said corrosion potential sensing member relative to a reference electrode until the value stabilizes at a measured stable potential without measuring the corrosion potential at said rebars;
anodically connecting said source of potential to an anode proximately disposed relative to said rebars;
cathodically connecting said rebars to a source of potential which is sufficiently electronegative with respect to said measured stable potential to repress the cathodic potential of said rebars to within a predetermined range correlatable with a corrosion potential measured at said corrosion potential sensing member; and,
continuously maintaining current from said source of
electronegative potential at a potential in the range from about 150 mV to less than 300 mV lower than the corrosion potential of said corrosion potential sensing member.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said rebars are connected to said source of potential to provide an impressed current at a potential in the range from about -900 mV (-0.9 V) to about - 500 mV (-1.5 V) relative to a HRE.

3. The method of claim 2 wherein said coating of essentially pure aluminum and said combined aluminum oxide layer is in the range from greater than 0.2 mm thick up to about 1 mm thick.

4. A system for the maintenance of a concrete structure reinforced with steel rebars essentially free from corrosion of said rebars, said system comprising:
a mass of concrete having a pH in the range from above 9 to about 13 wherein said rebars are electrically interconnected in a grid;
said rebars having a coating of essentially pure aluminum in the range from about 0.25 mm to 2 mm thick upon which coating is an oxide layer in the range from 0.1 μm to 100 μm thick, said oxide layer comprising aluminum oxide and hydrated aluminum oxide;
an external power source responsive to a programmable control means to which data is transmitted from a comparator means, connected in serial relationship, said programmable control means being responsive to both said external power is source and said comparator means;
measuring means in said comparator means to continuously measure the corrosion potential at the surface of said corrosion potential sensing member relative to a reference electrode until the value stabilizes at a measured stable potential;
means for anodically connecting said external power source of potential to an anode proximately disposed relative to said rebars;
means for cathodically connecting said rebars to said external power source which is sufficiently electronegative with respect to said measured stable potential to repress the cathodic potential of said rebars to within a predetermined range; and,
means for continuously maintaining current from said source of electronegative potential at a potential in the range from about 150 mV to less than 300 mV lower than the corrosion potential of said corrosion potential sensing member.

5. A corrosion protected structure reinforced with steel rebars, said structure comprising:
a mass of concrete having a pH in the range from above 9 to about 13 wherein a portion of said mass in a zone within a radius of about 10 mm from the surface of a Al-coated rebar has a pH in the range from 6 to about 9;
said rebars having a coating of essentially pure aluminum in the range from about 0.25 mm to 2 mm thick upon which coating is an oxide layer in the range from 0.1 μm to 100 μm thick, said oxide layer comprising aluminum oxide and hydrated aluminum oxide;
a corrosion potential sensing member of essentially pure aluminum embedded within said structure;
means to continuously measure the corrosion potential at the surface of said corrosion potential sensing member relative to a reference electrode until the value stabilizes at a measured stable potential;
means for anodically connecting an external power source of potential to an anode proximately disposed relative to said rebars;
means for cathodically connecting said rebars to said source of potential which is sufficiently electronegative with respect to said measured stable potential to repress the cathodic potential of said rebars to within a predetermined range; and,
means for continuously maintaining current from said source of electronegative potential at a potential in the range from about 150 mV to less than 300 mV lower than the corrosion potential of said corrosion potential sensing member.

6. A corrosion protected structure reinforced with steel rebars, said structure comprising:
a mass of concrete having a pH in the range from above 9 to about 13;
said rebars having a coating of essentially pure aluminum in the range from about 0.25 mm to 2 mm thick upon which coating is an oxide layer in the range from 0.1 μm to 100 μm thick, said oxide layer comprising aluminum oxide and hydrated aluminum oxide; and,
a sacrificial anode in galvanic connection with said rebars and proximately disposed relative thereto.