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1. WO2020139017 - IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Document

Description

Title of Invention

Technical Field

1  

Background Art

2   3   4   5  

Disclosure of Invention

Technical Problem

6   7   8  

Solution to Problem

9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34  

Brief Description of Drawings

35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47  

Best Mode for Carrying out the Invention

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Claims

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Drawings

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Description

Title of Invention : IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Technical Field

[1]
The present invention relates to an image display apparatus, and more particularly to an image display apparatus capable of improving gray level expression of a displayed image in correspondence to ambient illumination of a display.

Background Art

[2]
A signal processing device is an apparatus that performs signal processing on an input image so as to display the image.
[3]
For example, the signal processing device receives a broadcast signal, an HDMI signal, or the like, and perform signal processing based on the received broadcast signal or HDMI signal to thereby output a processed image signal.
[4]
Meanwhile, with development of camera and broadcasting technologies, resolution and a vertical synchronization frequency of an input image are increasing. Specifically, there are needs of processing quality of an image having 4K resolution and 120Hz vertical synchronization frequency of.
[5]
In particular, in order to improve luminance expression capability when displaying an image during an image quality processing, studies on a High Dynamic range (HDR) are ongoing.

Disclosure of Invention

Technical Problem

[6]
An object of the present invention is to provide an image display apparatus capable of improving gray level expression of a displayed an image in correspondence with ambient illumination of a display.
[7]
Another object of the present invention is to provide an image display apparatus capable of improving gray level expression according to ambient illumination of a display and analyzed image information.
[8]
Yet another object of the present invention is to provide an image display apparatus capable of precisely analyzing an input image using a Deep Neural Network (DNN).

Solution to Problem

[9]
In order to achieve the above objects, an image display apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention includes: a display; an illumination sensor configured to sense ambient illumination of the display; and a signal processing unit configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display, wherein the signal processing unit is configured to, based on information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor, convert gray level of an input image according to a first gray level conversion mode or according to a second gray level conversion mode in which an amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode.
[10]
The signal processing unit may be configured to change the amount of increase in gray level based on the information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor.
[11]
The signal processing unit may be configured to increase the amount of increase in gray level as the illumination sensed by the illumination increases.
[12]
The signal processing unit is configured to: when a level of the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor is lower than a first level, convert the gray level according to the first gray level conversion mode; and, when the level of the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor is equal to or higher than the first level, convert the gray level according to the second gray level conversion mode.
[13]
The signal processing unit may be configured to: analyze the input image; and change the amount of increase in gray level in response to an average picture level or peak picture level of the analyzed input image.
[14]
The signal processing unit may be configured to: analyze the input image; and decrease the amount of increase in gray level as the average picture level or peak picture level of the analyzed input image increases.
[15]
The signal processing unit may be configured to, when a size of a black area in the input image is equal to or greater than a reference size, convert the gray level of the input image based on information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor according to the first gray level conversion mode or according to the second gray level conversion mode in which the amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode.
[16]
The signal processing unit may be configured to: implement the first gray level conversion mode to perform high dynamic range signal processing on the input image; and after the first gray level conversion mode, selectively implement the second gray level conversion mode based on the information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor.
[17]
The signal processing unit may include: an image analyzer configured to analyze the input image using a Deep Neural Network (DNN); and an image quality processing unit configured to convert the gray level of the input image based on information on the analyzed input image and the information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor according to the first gray level conversion mode or according to the second gray level conversion mode in which the amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode.
[18]
The signal processing unit may be configured to display an object indicating whether to change a gray level conversion mode for the input image in response to the ambient illumination of the display.
[19]
The signal processing unit may be configured to, when an item for changing a gray level conversion mode for the input image in response to the ambient illumination of the display is selected in an image setting menu, perform the first gray level conversion mode or the second gray level conversion mode.
[20]
In order to achieve the above objects, an image display apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention incudes: a display; an illumination sensor configured to sense ambient illumination of the display; and a signal processing unit configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display, wherein the signal processing unit is configured to analyze an input image and change a gray level conversion mode for the input image based on information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor.
[21]
The signal processing unit may be configured to convert the gray level of the input image based on the information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor according to a first gray level conversion mode or according to a second gray level conversion mode in which an amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode.
[22]
An image display apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention includes: a display; an illumination sensor configured to sense ambient illumination of the display; and a signal processing unit configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display, wherein the signal processing unit is configured to, based on information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor, convert gray level of an input image according to a first gray level conversion mode or according to a second gray level conversion mode in which an amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image in response to ambient illumination of the display.
[23]
The signal processing unit may be configured to change the amount of increase in gray level based on the information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image.
[24]
The signal processing unit may increase the amount of increase in gray level as illuminance sensed by the illuminance sensor is greater. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image.
[25]
The signal processing unit is configured to: when a level of the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor is lower than a first level, convert the gray level according to the first gray level conversion mode; and, when the level of the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor is equal to or higher than the first level, convert the gray level according to the second gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, when the level of the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor is equal to or higher than the first level, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image.
[26]
The signal processing unit may be configured to: analyze the input image; and change the amount of increase in gray level in response to an average picture level or peak picture level of the analyzed input image. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression based on the ambient illumination of the display and information on the analyzed image.
[27]
The signal processing unit may be configured to: analyze the input image; and decrease the amount of increase in gray level as the average picture level or peak picture level of the analyzed input image increases. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression based on the ambient illumination of the display and information on the analyzed image.
[28]
The signal processing unit may be configured to, when a size of a black area in the input image is equal to or greater than a reference size, convert the gray level of the input image based on information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor according to the first gray level conversion mode or according to the second gray level conversion mode in which the amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression based on the ambient illumination of the display and information on the analyzed image.
[29]
The signal processing unit may be configured to: implement the first gray level conversion mode to perform high dynamic range signal processing on the input image; and after the first gray level conversion mode, selectively implement the second gray level conversion mode based on the information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression based on the ambient illumination of the display.
[30]
The signal processing unit may include: an image analyzer configured to analyze the input image using a Deep Neural Network (DNN); and an image quality processing unit configured to convert the gray level of the input image based on information on the analyzed input image and the information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor according to the first gray level conversion mode or according to the second gray level conversion mode in which the amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression based on information on the analyzed image while increasing accuracy of image analysis.
[31]
The signal processing unit may be configured to display an object indicating whether to change a gray level conversion mode for the input image in response to the ambient illumination of the display. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression in an artificial intelligence way in response to the ambient illumination of the display.
[32]
The signal processing unit may be configured to, when an item for changing a gray level conversion mode for the input image in response to the ambient illumination of the display is selected in an image setting menu, perform the first gray level conversion mode or the second gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression in an artificial intelligence way in response to the ambient illumination of the display.
[33]
In order to achieve the above objects, an image display apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention incudes: a display; an illumination sensor configured to sense ambient illumination of the display; and a signal processing unit configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display, wherein the signal processing unit is configured to analyze an input image and change a gray level conversion mode for the input image based on information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression in an artificial intelligence way in response to the ambient illumination of the display.
[34]
In order to achieve the above objects, an image display apparatus according to yet another embodiment of the present invention incudes: a display; an illumination sensor configured to sense ambient illumination of the display; and a signal processing unit configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display, wherein the signal processing unit is configured to: when an item for changing a gray level conversion mode for an input image in response to the ambient illumination of the display is selected in an image setting menu, change the gray level conversion mode for the input image based on information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression in an artificial intelligence way in response to the ambient illumination of the display.

Brief Description of Drawings

[35]
The embodiments will be described in detail with reference to the following drawings in which like reference numerals refer to like elements wherein:
[36]
FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating an image display system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
[37]
FIG. 2 is an example of an internal block diagram of the image display apparatus of FIG. 1;
[38]
FIG. 3 is an example of an internal block diagram of a signal processing unit shown in FIG. 2;
[39]
FIG. 4A is a diagram illustrating a control method of a remote controller of FIG. 2;
[40]
FIG. 4B is an internal block diagram of the remote controller of FIG. 2;
[41]
FIG. 5 is an internal block diagram of a display of FIG. 2;
[42]
FIG. 6A and FIG. 6B are diagrams referred to in the description of an organic light emitting diode panel of FIG. 5;
[43]
FIG. 7 is an example of an internal block diagram of a signal processing device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
[44]
FIGS. 8 to 9B are diagrams referred to in the description of the signal processing device shown in FIG. 7.
[45]
FIGS. 10A to 10C are diagrams referred to in the description about gray level conversion related to ambient illumination.
[46]
FIG. 11 is a flowchart showing a method of operating an image display apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.
[47]
FIGS. 12A to 14B are diagrams referred to in the description of the method shown in FIG. 11.

Best Mode for Carrying out the Invention

[48]
Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
[49]
With respect to constituent elements used in the following description, suffixes “module” and “unit” are given only in consideration of ease in the preparation of the specification, and do not have or serve as different meanings. Accordingly, the suffixes “module” and “unit” may be used interchangeably.
[50]
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing an image display system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
[51]
Referring to the drawing, an image display system 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention may include an image display apparatus 100 including a display 180, a set-top box 300, and a server 600.
[52]
The image display apparatus 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention may receive an image from the set-top box 300 or the server 600.
[53]
For example, the image display apparatus 100 may receive an image signal from the set-top box 300 through an HDMI terminal.
[54]
For another example, the image display apparatus 100 may receive an image signal from the server 600 through a network terminal.
[55]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 may calculate an original quality of an original quality received through an external set-top box 300 or a network, set an image quality of the image signal according to the calculated original quality, and perform image quality processing on the image signal according to the set image quality.
[56]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a display 180, an illuminance sensor 197 configured to sense ambient illuminance of the display 180, and a signal processing unit 170 configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display 180, and the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level of an input image based on information on the sensed illuminance according to a first gray level conversion mode or according to a second gray level conversion mode in which the amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image in response to the ambient illuminance of the display 180.
[57]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may increase the amount of increase in gray level as illuminance sensed by the illuminance sensor 197 is greater. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image.
[58]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 according to another embodiment of the present invention includes the display 180, the illuminance sensor 197 configured to sense ambient illuminance of the display 180, and the signal processing unit 170 configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display 180, and the signal processing unit 170 performs control to analyze an input image and change a gray level conversion mode for an input image based on information on the analyzed image and information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression in response to ambient illuminance of the display 180 by an artificial intelligence scheme.
[59]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 according to yet another embodiment of the present invention includes the display 180, the illuminance sensor 197 configured to sense ambient illuminance of the display 180, and the signal processing unit 170 configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display 180, and the signal processing unit 170 performs control to, when an item for changing a gray level conversion mode for an input image in response to the ambient illuminance of the display 180 is selected in an image quality setting menu, change the gray level conversion mode for the input image based on information on the illuminance sensed by the illumination sensor 197.
[60]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 may calculate a resolution and a noise level of a received image signal using a Deep Neural Network (DNN). Accordingly, it is possible to accurately analyze an input image.
[61]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 may update a parameter for the DNN from the server 600, and calculate a resolution and a noise level of a received image signal based on the updated parameter. Accordingly, it is possible to accurately calculate original quality of an image signal based on learning.
[62]
Meanwhile, the display 180 may be implemented with any one of various panels. For example, the display 180 may be any one of a liquid crystal display panel (LCD panel), an organic light emitting diode panel (OLED panel), an inorganic light emitting diode panel (LED panel).
[63]
In the present invention, an example in which the display 180 includes the organic light emitting diode panel (OLED panel) is mainly described.
[64]
Meanwhile, the OLED panel exhibits a faster response speed than the LED and is excellent in color reproduction.
[65]
Accordingly, if the display 180 includes an OLED panel, it is preferable that the signal processing unit 170 (see FIG. 2) of the image display apparatus 100 performs image quality processing for the OLED panel. Meanwhile, the signal processing unit may be called a signal processing device.
[66]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 in FIG. 1 may be a TV, a monitor, a tablet PC, a mobile terminal, a display for a vehicle, etc.
[67]
FIG. 2 is an example of an internal block diagram of the image display apparatus of FIG. 1.
[68]
Referring to FIG. 2, the image display apparatus 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a broadcast receiving unit 105, a storage unit 140, a user input interface 150, a sensor unit(not shown), a signal processing unit 170, a display 180, an audio output unit 185, and an illumination sensor 197.
[69]
The broadcast receiving unit 105 may include a tuner unit 110, a demodulator 120, a network interface 135, and an external apparatus interface 130.
[70]
Meanwhile, unlike the drawing, the broadcast receiving unit 105 may include only the tuner unit 110, the demodulator 120, and the external apparatus interface 130. That is, the network interface 135 may not be included.
[71]
The tuner unit 110 selects an RF broadcast signal corresponding to a channel selected by a user or all pre-stored channels among radio frequency (RF) broadcast signals received through an antenna (not shown). In addition, the selected RF broadcast signal is converted into an intermediate frequency signal, a baseband image, or a audio signal.
[72]
For example, if the selected RF broadcast signal is a digital broadcast signal, it is converted into a digital IF signal (DIF). If the selected RF broadcast signal is an analog broadcast signal, it is converted into an analog baseband image or audio signal (CVBS/ SIF). That is, the tuner unit 110 can process a digital broadcast signal or an analog broadcast signal. The analog baseband image or audio signal (CVBS/SIF) output from the tuner unit 110 may be directly input to the signal processing unit 170.
[73]
Meanwhile, the tuner unit 110 can include a plurality of tuners for receiving broadcast signals of a plurality of channels. Alternatively, a single tuner that simultaneously receives broadcast signals of a plurality of channels is also available.
[74]
The demodulator 120 receives the converted digital IF signal DIF from the tuner unit 110 and performs a demodulation operation.
[75]
The demodulator 120 may perform demodulation and channel decoding and then output a stream signal TS. At this time, the stream signal may be a multiplexed signal of an image signal, a audio signal, or a data signal.
[76]
The stream signal output from the demodulator 120 may be input to the signal processing unit 170. The signal processing unit 170 performs demultiplexing, image/audio signal processing, and the like, and then outputs an image to the display 180 and outputs audio to the audio output unit 185.
[77]
The external apparatus interface 130 may transmit or receive data with a connected external apparatus (not shown), e.g., a set-top box 50. To this end, the external apparatus interface 130 may include an A/V input and output unit (not shown).
[78]
The external apparatus interface 130 may be connected in wired or wirelessly to an external apparatus such as a digital versatile disk (DVD), a Blu ray, a game equipment, a camera, a camcorder, a computer(note book), and a set-top box, and may perform an input/output operation with an external apparatus.
[79]
The A/V input and output unit may receive image and audio signals from an external apparatus. Meanwhile, a wireless communication unit (not shown) may perform short-range wireless communication with other electronic apparatus.
[80]
Through the wireless communication unit (not shown), the external apparatus interface 130 may exchange data with an adjacent mobile terminal 600. In particular, in a mirroring mode, the external apparatus interface 130 may receive device information, executed application information, application image, and the like from the mobile terminal 600.
[81]
The network interface 135 provides an interface for connecting the image display apparatus 100 to a wired/wireless network including the Internet network. For example, the network interface 135 may receive, via the network, content or data provided by the Internet, a content provider, or a network operator.
[82]
Meanwhile, the network interface 135 may include a wireless communication unit (not shown).
[83]
The storage unit 140 may store a program for each signal processing and control in the signal processing unit 170, and may store signal-processed image, audio, or data signal.
[84]
In addition, the storage unit 140 may serve to temporarily store image, audio, or data signal input to the external apparatus interface 130. In addition, the storage unit 140 may store information on a certain broadcast channel through a channel memory function such as a channel map.
[85]
Although FIG. 2 illustrates that the storage unit is provided separately from the signal processing unit 170, the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto. The storage unit 140 may be included in the signal processing unit 170.
[86]
The user input interface 150 transmits a signal input by the user to the signal processing unit 170 or transmits a signal from the signal processing unit 170 to the user.
[87]
For example, it may transmit/receive a user input signal such as power on/off, channel selection, screen setting, etc., from a remote controller 200, may transfer a user input signal input from a local key (not shown) such as a power key, a channel key, a volume key, a set value, etc., to the signal processing unit 170, may transfer a user input signal input from a sensor unit (not shown) that senses a user's gesture to the signal processing unit 170, or may transmit a signal from the signal processing unit 170 to the sensor unit (not shown).
[88]
The signal processing unit 170 may demultiplex the input stream through the tuner unit 110, the demodulator 120, the network interface 135, or the external apparatus interface 130, or process the demultiplexed signals to generate and output a signal for image or audio output.
[89]
For example, the signal processing unit 170 may receive a broadcast signal or HDMI signal received by the broadcast receiving unit 105, and perform signal processing based on the received broadcast signal or HDMI signal to thereby output a processed image signal.
[90]
The image signal processed by the signal processing unit 170 is input to the display 180, and may be displayed as an image corresponding to the image signal. In addition, the image signal processed by the signal processing unit 170 may be input to the external output apparatus through the external apparatus interface 130.
[91]
The audio signal processed by the signal processing unit 170 may be output to the audio output unit 185 as an audio signal. In addition, audio signal processed by the signal processing unit 170 may be input to the external output apparatus through the external apparatus interface 130.
[92]
Although not shown in FIG. 2, the signal processing unit 170 may include a demultiplexer, an image processing unit, and the like. That is, the signal processing unit 170 is capable of performing a variety of signal processing, and, for this reason, the signal processing unit 170 may be implemented in the form of System On Chip (SOC). This will be described later with reference to FIG. 3.
[93]
In addition, the signal processing unit 170 can control the overall operation of the image display apparatus 100. For example, the signal processing unit 170 may control the tuner unit 110 to control the tuning of the RF broadcast corresponding to the channel selected by the user or the previously stored channel.
[94]
In addition, the signal processing unit 170 may control the image display apparatus 100 according to a user command input through the user input interface 150 or an internal program.
[95]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may control the display 180 to display an image. At this time, the image displayed on the display 180 may be a still image or a moving image, and may be a 2D image or a 3D image.
[96]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may display a certain object in an image displayed on the display 180. For example, the object may be at least one of a connected web screen (newspaper, magazine, etc.), an electronic program guide (EPG), various menus, a widget, an icon, a still image, a moving image, and a text.
[97]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may recognize the position of the user based on the image photographed by a photographing unit (not shown). For example, the distance (z-axis coordinate) between a user and the image display apparatus 100 can be determined. In addition, the x-axis coordinate and the y-axis coordinate in the display 180 corresponding to a user position can be determined.
[98]
The display 180 generates a driving signal by converting an image signal, a data signal, an OSD signal, a control signal processed by the signal processing unit 170, an image signal, a data signal, a control signal, and the like received from the external apparatus interface 130.
[99]
Meanwhile, the display 180 may be configured as a touch screen and used as an input device in addition to an output device.
[100]
The audio output unit 185 receives a signal processed by the signal processing unit 170 and outputs it as an audio.
[101]
The photographing unit (not shown) photographs a user. The photographing unit (not shown) may be implemented by a single camera, but the present invention is not limited thereto and may be implemented by a plurality of cameras. Image information photographed by the photographing unit (not shown) may be input to the signal processing unit 170.
[102]
The signal processing unit 170 may sense a gesture of the user based on each of the images photographed by the photographing unit (not shown), the signals detected from the sensor unit (not shown), or a combination thereof.
[103]
The power supply 190 supplies corresponding power to the image display apparatus 100. Particularly, the power supply 190 may supply the power to the signal processing unit 170 which can be implemented in the form of SOC, the display 180 for displaying an image, and an audio output unit 185 for outputting an audio.
[104]
Specifically, the power supply 190 may include a converter for converting an AC power into a DC power, and a DC/DC converter for converting the level of the DC power.
[105]
The illumination sensor 197 may sense ambient illumination of the display 180.
[106]
The remote controller 200 transmits the user input to the user input interface 150. To this end, the remote controller 200 may use Bluetooth, a radio frequency (RF) communication, an infrared (IR) communication, an Ultra Wideband (UWB), ZigBee, or the like. In addition, the remote controller 200 may receive the image, audio, or data signal output from the user input interface 150, and display it on the remote controller 200 or output it as an audio.
[107]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 may be a fixed or mobile digital broadcasting receiver capable of receiving digital broadcasting.
[108]
Meanwhile, a block diagram of the image display apparatus 100 shown in FIG. 2 is a block diagram for an embodiment of the present invention. Each component of the block diagram may be integrated, added, or omitted according to a specification of the image display apparatus 100 actually implemented. That is, two or more components may be combined into a single component as needed, or a single component may be divided into two or more components. The function performed in each block is described for the purpose of illustrating embodiments of the present invention, and specific operation and apparatus do not limit the scope of the present invention.
[109]
FIG. 3 is an example of an internal block diagram of a signal processing unit shown in FIG. 2.
[110]
Referring to the drawing, the signal processing unit 170 according to an embodiment of the present invention may include a demultiplexer 310, an image processing unit 320, a processor 330, and an audio processing unit 370. In addition, it may further include a data processing unit (not shown).
[111]
The demultiplexer 310 demultiplexes the input stream. For example, when an MPEG-2 TS is input, it can be demultiplexed into image, audio, and data signal, respectively. Here, the stream signal input to the demultiplexer 310 may be a stream signal output from the tuner unit 110, the demodulator 120, or the external apparatus interface 130.
[112]
The image processing unit 320 may perform signal processing on an input image. For example, the image processing unit 320 may perform image processing on an image signal demultiplexed by the demultiplexer 310.
[113]
To this end, the image processing unit 320 may include an image decoder 325, a scaler 335, an image quality processing unit 635, an image encoder (not shown), an OSD processing unit 340, a frame rate converter 350, a formatter 360, etc.
[114]
The image decoder 325 decodes a demultiplexed image signal, and the scaler 335 performs scaling so that the resolution of the decoded image signal can be output from the display 180.
[115]
The image decoder 325 can include a decoder of various standards. For example, a 3D image decoder for MPEG-2, H.264 decoder, a color image, and a depth image, and a decoder for a multiple view image may be provided.
[116]
The scaler 335 may scale an input image signal decoded by the image decoder 325 or the like.
[117]
For example, if the size or resolution of an input image signal is small, the scaler 335 may upscale the input image signal, and, if the size or resolution of the input image signal is great, the scaler 335 may downscale the input image signal.
[118]
The image quality processing unit 635 may perform image quality processing on an input image signal decoded by the image decoder 325 or the like.
[119]
For example, the image quality processing unit 625 may perform noise reduction processing on an input image signal, extend a resolution of gray level of the input image signal, perform image resolution enhancement, perform high dynamic range (HDR)-based signal processing, change a frame rate, perform image quality processing appropriate for properties of a panel, especially an OLED panel, etc.
[120]
The OSD processing unit 340 generates an OSD signal according to a user input or by itself. For example, based on a user input signal, the OSD processing unit 340 may generate a signal for displaying various information as a graphic or a text on the screen of the display 180. The generated OSD signal may include various data such as a user interface screen of the image display apparatus 100, various menu screens, a widget, and an icon. In addition, the generated OSD signal may include a 2D object or a 3D object.
[121]
In addition, the OSD processing unit 340 may generate a pointer that can be displayed on the display, based on a pointing signal input from the remote controller 200. In particular, such a pointer may be generated by a pointing signal processing unit, and the OSD processing unit 340 may include such a pointing signal processing unit (not shown). Obviously, the pointing signal processing unit (not shown) may be provided separately from the OSD processing unit 340.
[122]
The frame rate converter (FRC) 350 may convert the frame rate of an input image. Meanwhile, the frame rate converter 350 can also directly output the frame rate without any additional frame rate conversion.
[123]
Meanwhile, the formatter 360 may change a format of an input image signal into a format suitable for displaying the image signal on a display and output the image signal in the changed format.
[124]
In particular, the formatter 360 may change a format of an image signal to correspond to a display panel.
[125]
The processor 330 may control overall operations of the image display apparatus 100 or the signal processing unit 170.
[126]
For example, the processor 330 may control the tuner unit 110 to control the tuning of an RF broadcast corresponding to a channel selected by a user or a previously stored channel.
[127]
In addition, the processor 330 may control the image display apparatus 100 according to a user command input through the user input interface 150 or an internal program.
[128]
In addition, the processor 330 may transmit data to the network interface unit 135 or to the external apparatus interface 130
[129]
In addition, the processor 330 may control the demultiplexer 310, the image processing unit 320, and the like in the signal processing unit 170.
[130]
Meanwhile, the audio processing unit 370 in the signal processing unit 170 may perform the audio processing of the demultiplexed audio signal. To this end, the audio processing unit 370 may include various decoders.
[131]
In addition, the audio processing unit 370 in the signal processing unit 170 may process a base, a treble, a volume control, and the like.
[132]
The data processing unit (not shown) in the signal processing unit 170 may perform data processing of the demultiplexed data signal. For example, when the demultiplexed data signal is a coded data signal, it can be decoded. The encoded data signal may be electronic program guide information including broadcast information such as a start time and an end time of a broadcast program broadcasted on each channel.
[133]
Meanwhile, a block diagram of the signal processing unit 170 shown in FIG. 3 is a block diagram for an embodiment of the present invention. Each component of the block diagram may be integrated, added, or omitted according to a specification of the signal processing unit 170 actually implemented.
[134]
In particular, the frame rate converter 350 and the formatter 360 may be provided separately from the image processing unit 320.
[135]
FIG. 4A is a diagram illustrating a control method of a remote controller of FIG. 2.
[136]
As shown in FIG. 4A(a), it is illustrated that a pointer 205 corresponding to the remote controller 200 is displayed on the display 180.
[137]
The user may move or rotate the remote controller 200 up and down, left and right (FIG. 4A(b)), and back and forth (FIG. 4A(c)). The pointer 205 displayed on the display 180 of the image display apparatus corresponds to the motion of the remote controller 200. Such a remote controller 200 may be referred to as a space remote controller or a 3D pointing apparatus, because the pointer 205 is moved and displayed according to the movement in a 3D space, as shown in the drawing.
[138]
FIG. 4A(b) illustrates that when the user moves the remote controller 200 to the left, the pointer 205 displayed on the display 180 of the image display apparatus also moves to the left correspondingly.
[139]
Information on the motion of the remote controller 200 detected through a sensor of the remote controller 200 is transmitted to the image display apparatus. The image display apparatus may calculate the coordinate of the pointer 205 from the information on the motion of the remote controller 200. The image display apparatus may display the pointer 205 to correspond to the calculated coordinate.
[140]
FIG. 4A(c) illustrates a case where the user moves the remote controller 200 away from the display 180 while pressing a specific button of the remote controller 200. Thus, a selection area within the display 180 corresponding to the pointer 205 may be zoomed in so that it can be displayed to be enlarged. On the other hand, when the user moves the remote controller 200 close to the display 180, the selection area within the display 180 corresponding to the pointer 205 may be zoomed out so that it can be displayed to be reduced. Meanwhile, when the remote controller 200 moves away from the display 180, the selection area may be zoomed out, and when the remote controller 200 approaches the display 180, the selection area may be zoomed in.
[141]
Meanwhile, when the specific button of the remote controller 200 is pressed, it is possible to exclude the recognition of vertical and lateral movement. That is, when the remote controller 200 moves away from or approaches the display 180, the up, down, left, and right movements are not recognized, and only the forward and backward movements are recognized. Only the pointer 205 is moved according to the up, down, left, and right movements of the remote controller 200 in a state where the specific button of the remote controller 200 is not pressed.
[142]
Meanwhile, the moving speed or the moving direction of the pointer 205 may correspond to the moving speed or the moving direction of the remote controller 200.
[143]
FIG. 4B is an internal block diagram of the remote controller of FIG. 2.
[144]
Referring to the drawing, the remote controller 200 includes a wireless communication unit 425, a user input unit 430, a sensor unit 440, an output unit 450, a power supply 460, a storage unit 470, and a controller 480.
[145]
The wireless communication unit 425 transmits/receives a signal to/from any one of the image display apparatuses according to the embodiments of the present invention described above. Among the image display apparatuses according to the embodiments of the present invention, one image display apparatus 100 will be described as an example.
[146]
In the present embodiment, the remote controller 200 may include an RF module 421 for transmitting and receiving signals to and from the image display apparatus 100 according to a RF communication standard. In addition, the remote controller 200 may include an IR module 423 for transmitting and receiving signals to and from the image display apparatus 100 according to a IR communication standard.
[147]
In the present embodiment, the remote controller 200 transmits a signal containing information on the motion of the remote controller 200 to the image display apparatus 100 through the RF module 421.
[148]
In addition, the remote controller 200 may receive the signal transmitted by the image display apparatus 100 through the RF module 421. In addition, if necessary, the remote controller 200 may transmit a command related to power on/off, channel change, volume change, and the like to the image display apparatus 100 through the IR module 423.
[149]
The user input unit 435 may be implemented by a keypad, a button, a touch pad, a touch screen, or the like. The user may operate the user input unit 435 to input a command related to the image display apparatus 100 to the remote controller 200. When the user input unit 435 includes a hard key button, the user can input a command related to the image display apparatus 100 to the remote controller 200 through a push operation of the hard key button. When the user input unit 435 includes a touch screen, the user may touch a soft key of the touch screen to input the command related to the image display apparatus 100 to the remote controller 200. In addition, the user input unit 435 may include various types of input means such as a scroll key, a jog key, etc., which can be operated by the user, and the present invention does not limit the scope of the present invention.
[150]
The sensor unit 440 may include a gyro sensor 441 or an acceleration sensor 443. The gyro sensor 441 may sense information about the motion of the remote controller 200.
[151]
For example, the gyro sensor 441 may sense information on the operation of the remote controller 200 based on the x, y, and z axes. The acceleration sensor 443 may sense information on the moving speed of the remote controller 200. Meanwhile, a distance measuring sensor may be further provided, and thus, the distance to the display 180 may be sensed.
[152]
The output unit 450 may output an image or an audio signal corresponding to the operation of the user input unit 435 or a signal transmitted from the image display apparatus 100. Through the output unit 450, the user may recognize whether the user input unit 435 is operated or whether the image display apparatus 100 is controlled.
[153]
For example, the output unit 450 may include an LED module 451 that is turned on when the user input unit 430 is operated or a signal is transmitted/received to/from the image display apparatus 100 through the wireless communication unit 425, a vibration module 453 for generating a vibration, an audio output module 455 for outputting an audio, or a display module 457 for outputting an image.
[154]
The power supply 460 supplies power to the remote controller 200. When the remote controller 200 is not moved for a certain time, the power supply 460 may stop the supply of power to reduce a power waste. The power supply 460 may resume power supply when a certain key provided in the remote controller 200 is operated.
[155]
The storage unit 470 may store various types of programs, application data, and the like necessary for the control or operation of the remote controller 200. If the remote controller 200 wirelessly transmits and receives a signal to/from the image display apparatus 100 through the RF module 421, the remote controller 200 and the image display apparatus 100 transmit and receive a signal through a certain frequency band. The controller 480 of the remote controller 200 may store information about a frequency band or the like for wirelessly transmitting and receiving a signal to/from the image display apparatus 100 paired with the remote controller 200 in the storage unit 470 and may refer to the stored information.
[156]
The controller 480 controls various matters related to the control of the remote controller 200. The controller 480 may transmit a signal corresponding to a certain key operation of the user input unit 430 or a signal corresponding to the motion of the remote controller 200 sensed by the sensor unit 440 to the image display apparatus 100 through the wireless communication unit 425.
[157]
The user input interface 150 of the image display apparatus 100 includes a wireless communication unit 151 that can wirelessly transmit and receive a signal to and from the remote controller 200 and a coordinate value calculator 415 that can calculate the coordinate value of a pointer corresponding to the operation of the remote controller 200.
[158]
The user input interface 150 may wirelessly transmit and receive a signal to and from the remote controller 200 through the RF module 412. In addition, the user input interface 150 may receive a signal transmitted by the remote controller 200 through the IR module 413 according to a IR communication standard.
[159]
The coordinate value calculator 415 may correct a hand shake or an error from a signal corresponding to the operation of the remote controller 200 received through the wireless communication unit 151 and calculate the coordinate value (x, y) of the pointer 205 to be displayed on the display 180.
[160]
The transmission signal of the remote controller 200 inputted to the image display apparatus 100 through the user input interface 150 is transmitted to the signal processing unit 170 of the image display apparatus 100. The signal processing unit 170 may determine the information on the operation of the remote controller 200 and the key operation from the signal transmitted from the remote controller 200, and, correspondingly, control the image display apparatus 100.
[161]
For another example, the remote controller 200 may calculate the pointer coordinate value corresponding to the operation and output it to the user input interface 150 of the image display apparatus 100. In this case, the user input interface 150 of the image display apparatus 100 may transmit information on the received pointer coordinate value to the signal processing unit 170 without a separate correction process of hand shake or error.
[162]
For another example, unlike the drawing, the coordinate value calculator 415 may be provided in the signal processing unit 170, not in the user input interface 150.
[163]
FIG. 5 is an internal block diagram of a display of FIG. 2.
[164]
Referring to FIG. 5, the organic light emitting diode panel-based display 180 may include an organic light emitting diode panel 210, a first interface 230, a second interface 231, a timing controller 232, a gate driver 234, a data driver 236, a memory 240, a processor 270, a power supply 290, a current detector 510, and the like.
[165]
The display 180 receives an image signal Vd, a first DC power V1, and a second DC power V2, and may display a certain image based on the image signal Vd.
[166]
Meanwhile, the first interface 230 in the display 180 may receive the image signal Vd and the first DC power V1 from the signal processing unit 170.
[167]
Here, the first DC power V1 may be used for the operation of the power supply 290 and the timing controller 232 in the display 180.
[168]
Next, the second interface 231 may receive a second DC power V2 from an external power supply 190. Meanwhile, the second DC power V2 may be input to the data driver 236 in the display 180.
[169]
The timing controller 232 may output a data driving signal Sda and a gate driving signal Sga, based on the image signal Vd.
[170]
For example, when the first interface 230 converts the input image signal Vd and outputs the converted image signal va1, the timing controller 232 may output the data driving signal Sda and the gate driving signal Sga based on the converted image signal va1.
[171]
The timing controller 232 may further receive a control signal, a vertical synchronization signal Vsync, and the like, in addition to the image signal Vd from the signal processing unit 170.
[172]
In addition to the image signal Vd, based on a control signal, a vertical synchronization signal Vsync, and the like, the timing controller 232 generates a gate driving signal Sga for the operation of the gate driver 234, and a data driving signal Sda for the operation of the data driver 236.
[173]
At this time, when the panel 210 includes a RGBW subpixel, the data driving signal Sda may be a data driving signal for driving of RGBW subpixel.
[174]
Meanwhile, the timing controller 232 may further output a control signal Cs to the gate driver 234.
[175]
The gate driver 234 and the data driver 236 supply a scan signal and an image signal to the organic light emitting diode panel 210 through a gate line GL and a data line DL respectively, according to the gate driving signal Sga and the data driving signal Sda from the timing controller 232. Accordingly, the organic light emitting diode panel 210 displays a certain image.
[176]
Meanwhile, the organic light emitting diode panel 210 may include an organic light emitting layer. In order to display an image, a plurality of gate lines GL and data lines DL may be disposed in a matrix form in each pixel corresponding to the organic light emitting layer.
[177]
Meanwhile, the data driver 236 may output a data signal to the organic light emitting diode panel 210 based on a second DC power V2 from the second interface 231.
[178]
The power supply 290 may supply various power supplies to the gate driver 234, the data driver 236, the timing controller 232, and the like.
[179]
The current detector 510 may detect the current flowing in a sub-pixel of the organic light emitting diode panel 210. The detected current may be input to the processor 270 or the like, for a cumulative current calculation.
[180]
The processor 270 may perform each type of control of the display 180. For example, the processor 270 may control the gate driver 234, the data driver 236, the timing controller 232, and the like.
[181]
Meanwhile, the processor 270 may receive current information flowing in a sub-pixel of the organic light emitting diode panel 210 from the current detector 510.
[182]
In addition, the processor 270 may calculate the accumulated current of each subpixel of the organic light emitting diode panel 210, based on information of current flowing through the subpixel of the organic light emitting diode panel 210. The calculated accumulated current may be stored in the memory 240.
[183]
Meanwhile, the processor 270 may determine as burn-in, if the accumulated current of each sub-pixel of the organic light emitting diode panel 210 is equal to or greater than an allowable value.
[184]
For example, if the accumulated current of each subpixel of the OLED panel 210 is equal to or higher than 300000 A, the processor 270 may determine that a corresponding subpixel is a burn-in subpixel.
[185]
Meanwhile, if the accumulated current of each subpixel of the OLED panel 210 is close to an allowable value, the processor 270 may determine that a corresponding subpixel is a subpixel expected to be burn in.
[186]
Meanwhile, based on a current detected by the current detector 510, the processor 270 may determine that a subpixel having the greatest accumulated current is an expected burn-in subpixel.
[187]
FIG. 6A and FIG. 6B are diagrams referred to in the description of an organic light emitting diode panel of FIG. 5.
[188]
Firstly, FIG. 6A is a diagram illustrating a pixel in the organic light emitting diode panel 210.
[189]
Referring to drawing, the organic light emitting diode panel 210 may include a plurality of scan lines Scan1 to Scann and a plurality of data lines R1, G1, B1, W1 to Rm, Gm, Bm, Wm intersecting the scan lines.
[190]
Meanwhile, a pixel (subpixel) is defined in an intersecting area of the scan line and the data line in the organic light emitting diode panel 210. In the drawing, a pixel including sub-pixels SR1, SG1, SB1 and SW1 of RGBW is shown.
[191]
FIG. 6B illustrates a circuit of any one sub-pixel in the pixel of the organic light emitting diode panel of FIG. 6A.
[192]
Referring to drawing, an organic light emitting sub pixel circuit (CRTm) may include, as an active type, a scan switching element SW1, a storage capacitor Cst, a drive switching element SW2, and an organic light emitting layer (OLED).
[193]
The scan switching element SW1 is turned on according to the input scan signal Vdscan, as a scan line is connected to a gate terminal. When it is turned on, the input data signal Vdata is transferred to the gate terminal of a drive switching element SW2 or one end of the storage capacitor Cst.
[194]
The storage capacitor Cst is formed between the gate terminal and the source terminal of the drive switching element SW2, and stores a certain difference between a data signal level transmitted to one end of the storage capacitor Cst and a DC power (VDD) level transmitted to the other terminal of the storage capacitor Cst.
[195]
For example, when the data signal has a different level according to a Plume Amplitude Modulation (PAM) method, the power level stored in the storage capacitor Cst varies according to the level difference of the data signal Vdata.
[196]
For another example, when the data signal has a different pulse width according to a Pluse Width Modulation (PWM) method, the power level stored in the storage capacitor Cst varies according to the pulse width difference of the data signal Vdata.
[197]
The drive switching element SW2 is turned on according to the power level stored in the storage capacitor Cst. When the drive switching element SW2 is turned on, the driving current (IOLED), which is proportional to the stored power level, flows in the organic light emitting layer (OLED). Accordingly, the organic light emitting layer OLED performs a light emitting operation.
[198]
The organic light emitting layer OLED may include a light emitting layer (EML) of RGBW corresponding to a subpixel, and may include at least one of a hole injecting layer (HIL), a hole transporting layer (HTL), an electron transporting layer (ETL), and an electron injecting layer (EIL). In addition, it may include a hole blocking layer, and the like.
[199]
Meanwhile, all the subpixels emit a white light in the organic light emitting layer OLED. However, in the case of green, red, and blue subpixels, a subpixel is provided with a separate color filter for color implementation. That is, in the case of green, red, and blue subpixels, each of the subpixels further includes green, red, and blue color filters. Meanwhile, since a white subpixel outputs a white light, a separate color filter is not required.
[200]
Meanwhile, in the drawing, it is illustrated that a p-type MOSFET is used for a scan switching element SW1 and a drive switching element SW2, but an n-type MOSFET or other switching element such as a JFET, IGBT, SIC, or the like are also available.
[201]
Meanwhile, the pixel is a hold-type element that continuously emits light in the organic light emitting layer (OLED), after a scan signal is applied, during a unit display period, specifically, during a unit frame.
[202]
FIG. 7 is an example of an internal block diagram of a signal processing device according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIGS. 8 to 9B are diagrams referred to in the description of the signal processing device shown in FIG. 7.
[203]
[204]
First, referring to FIG. 7, an image display system 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention may include an image display apparatus 100, a server 600, and a set-top box 300.
[205]
The server 600 may include a learning DB 640 configured to receive a training image and store the received training image; a quality calculator 670 configured to calculate an image source quality using the training image retrieved from the learning DB 6400 and a Deep Neural Network (DNN); and a parameter update unit 675 configured to update a parameter for the DNN based on the learning DB 640 and the quality calculator 670.
[206]
The parameter update unit 675 may transmit the updated parameter to a quality calculator 632 of the image display apparatus 100.
[207]
The set-top box 300 may receive an input signal from an image provider, and transmit the image signal to an HDMI terminal of the image display apparatus 100.
[208]
The image display 100 may include: an image receiver 105 configured to receive an image signal via an external set-top box 300 or a network; a signal processing unit 170 configured to perform signal processing on the image signal received by the image receiving unit 105; and a display 180 configured to display an image processed by the signal processing unit 170.
[209]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 may apply an optimal tuning for the quality of an input image.
[210]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 may analyze an input image in real time to determine an original resolution, a noise level, a compression level, and an enhancement level of the input image.
[211]
Meanwhile, the image display apparatus 100 may change an image quality setting based on calculated image information data without causing a sense of discomfort or distortion.
[212]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may include: the quality calculator 632 configured to calculate original quality of an image signal received via the external set-top box 300 or a network; an image quality setting unit 634 configured to set the quality of the image signal; and an image quality processing unit 635 configured to perform image quality processing on the image signal according to the set quality.
[213]
If original quality of an input image signal is changed at a first point in time, the image quality setting unit 634 changes an image quality setting from a first setting to a second setting in a sequence and the image quality processing unit 634 may perform image quality processing according to the sequential change of the first setting to the second setting. Accordingly, it is possible to reduce flicker when the image quality is changed due to the change of the original quality of the input image signal. In particular, when the original quality of the image signal is changed, the quality may be changed smoothly rather than radically.
[214]
Meanwhile, if original quality of a received image signal is modified at a first point in time while an image is reproduced, the image quality setting unit 634 may sequentially change an image quality setting from a first setting to a second setting. Accordingly, when changing the original quality of the received image signal, it is possible to change the image quality setting in real time. In particular, when the original quality of the image signal is changed, the image quality may be changed smoothly rather than radically.
[215]
Meanwhile, if original quality of a received image signal is changed at a first point in time due to a channel change or an input change while the image signal is received from the set-top box 300, the image quality setting unit 634 change the image quality from a first setting to a second setting in a sequence. Accordingly, it is possible to reduce flicker when the image quality is changed due to the original quality of the received image signal is changed. In particular, when the original quality of the image signal is changed, the image quality may be changed smoothly rather than radically.
[216]
The quality calculator 632 may classify an input image as an UHD (3840x2160 or more), HD (1280x720), or SD (720x480 or more) image.
[217]
The quality calculator 632 may calculate a probability for each resolution with respect to an input image, select a resolution having the highest probability as the final resolution and exclude a resolution having a too low probability.
[218]
The quality calculator 632 may anticipate a noise level and a compression level in addition to the resolution.
[219]
Meanwhile, when calculating the compression level, the quality calculator 632 may determine the compression level based on training data obtained by reducing a compression bit-rate with reference to an original state.
[220]
For example, for FHD, the quality calculator 632 may evaluate the current digital TV broadcasting standard as 1.0 and calculate such that the value can be reduced to 0.0 when data be lost as compressed too much.
[221]
Meanwhile, the quality calculator 632 may calculate a noise level by measuring a level of flicker in an input image.
[222]
For example, the quality calculator 632 may calculate a level of noise in an input image into one of four levels that are high level, medium level, low level, and no-noise level.
[223]
Meanwhile, the quality calculator 632 may calculate a resolution and a noise level of a received image signal using a DNN. Accordingly, it is possible to accurately analyze an input image.
[224]
Meanwhile, the quality calculator 632 may update a parameter for the DNN from the server 600, and calculate a resolution and a noise level of a received image signal based on the updated parameter. Accordingly, it is possible to accurately calculate original quality of an image signal based on learning.
[225]
Meanwhile, the quality calculator 632 may extract a first region and a second region from the image signal, and calculate an original resolution of the image signal based on the first region and a noise level of the image signal based on the second region. Accordingly, it is possible to accurately calculate the original quality of the image signal based on extraction of a region suitable for the quality calculation.
[226]
Meanwhile, the quality calculator 632 may extract a region having the most edge components in the image signal as a first region, and extract a region having the least edge components in the image signal as a second region. Accordingly, it is possible to accurately calculate the original quality of the image signal based on extraction of a region suitable for the quality calculation.
[227]
Meanwhile, the image quality processing unit 635 may increase the noise reduction processing intensity for an image signal as the calculated noise level increases. Accordingly, it is possible to perform image quality processing appropriate for a noise level of a received image signal.
[228]
Meanwhile, the quality calculator 632 may calculate an original resolution, a noise level, and a compression level of a received image signal, and calculate the compression level based on training data obtained by reducing a compression bit rate.
[229]
Meanwhile, the image quality processing unit 635 may decrease the enhancement intensity for the image signal as the calculated compression level increases. Accordingly, it is possible to accurately calculate the compression level.
[230]
Meanwhile, the image quality processing unit 635 may increase the enhancement intensity for the image signal as the original resolution of the image signal increases. Accordingly, it is possible to perform image quality processing appropriate for the original resolution of the received image signal.
[231]
Meanwhile, the image quality processing unit 635 may increase the blurring processing intensity for the image signal as the calculated compression level increases. Accordingly, it is possible to perform image quality processing appropriate for a compression level of a received image signal.
[232]
Meanwhile, the image quality processing unit 635 may decrease the filter used to filter the image signal as the original resolution of the image signal increases. Accordingly, it is possible to perform image quality processing appropriate for the original resolution of the received image signal.
[233]
Meanwhile, the image quality processing unit 635 may downscale an image signal according to an original resolution of an image signal, perform image quality processing on the downscaled image signal, upscales the image-quality-processed image signal, and output the upscaled image signal. Accordingly, it is possible to perform image quality processing appropriate for the original resolution of the received image signal.
[234]
FIG. 8 is an example of an internal block diagram of the signal processing device 170 in FIG. 7.
[235]
Meanwhile, the signal processing device 170 in FIG. 8 may correspond to the signal processing unit 170 in FIG. 2.
[236]
First, referring to FIG. 8, the signal processing device 170 according to an embodiment of the present invention may include an image analyzer 610 and an image processing unit 635.
[237]
The image analyzer 610 may include the quality calculator 632 shown in FIG. 7 and an image quality setting unit 634.
[238]
The image analyzer 610 may analyze an input image signal, and output information related to the analyzed input image signal.
[239]
Meanwhile, the image analyzer 610 may differentiate an object region and a background region of a first input image signal. Alternatively, the image analyzer 610 may calculate a probability or percentage of the object region and the background region of the first input image signal.
[240]
The input image signal may be an input image signal from an image receiving unit 105 or an image decoded by the image decoder 320 in FIG. 3.
[241]
In particular, the image analyzer 610 may analyze an input image signal using artificial intelligence (AI), and output information on the analyzed input image signal.
[242]
Specifically, the image analyzer 610 may output a resolution, gray level, a noise level, and a pattern of an input image signal, and output information on the analyzed input image signal, especially image setting information, to the image quality processing unit 635.
[243]
The image quality processing unit 635 may include an HDR processing unit 705, a first reduction unit 710, an enhancement unit 750, and a second reduction unit 790.
[244]
The HDR processing unit 705 may receive an image signal and perform high dynamic range (HDR) processing on the input image signal.
[245]
For example, the HDR processing unit 705 may convert a standard dynamic range (SDR) image signal into an HDR image signal.
[246]
For another example, the HDR processing unit 705 may receive an image signal, and perform gray level processing on the input image signal for an HDR.
[247]
Meanwhile, if an input image signal is an SDR image signal, the HDR processing unit 705 may bypass gray level conversion, and, if an input image signal is an HDR image signal, the HDR processing unit 705 perform gray level conversion. Accordingly, it is possible to improve high gray level expression for an input image.
[248]
Meanwhile, the HDR processing unit 705 may convert gray level according to a first gray level conversion mode, in which low gray level is to be enhanced and high gray level is to be saturated, and a second gray level conversion mode, in which low gray level and high gray level are somewhat uniformly converted.
[249]
Specifically, if the first gray level conversion mode is implemented, the HDR processing unit 705 may convert gray level based on data corresponding to the first gray level conversion mode in a lookup table.
[250]
More specifically, if the first gray level conversion mode is implemented, the HDR processing unit 705 may convert gray level based on an equation of input data and the first gray level conversion mode in a lookup table determined by the equation. Here, the input data may include video data and metadata.
[251]
Meanwhile, if the second gray level conversion mode is implemented, the HDR processing unit 705 may convert gray level based on data corresponding to the second gray level conversion mode in a lookup table.
[252]
More specifically, if the second gray level conversion mode is implemented, the HDR processing unit 705 may convert gray level based on an equation of input data and data corresponding to the second gray level conversion mode in a lookup table determined by the equation. Here, the input data may include video data and metadata.
[253]
Meanwhile, the HDR processing unit 705 may select the first gray level conversion mode or the second gray level conversion mode according to a third gray level conversion mode or a fourth gray level conversion mode in a high gray level amplifying unit 851 in the second reduction unit 790.
[254]
For example, if the third gray level conversion mode is implemented, the high gray level amplifying unit 851 in the second reduction unit 790 may convert gray level based on data corresponding to the third gray level conversion mode in a lookup table.
[255]
Specifically, if the third gray level conversion mode is implemented, the high gray level amplifying unit 851 in the second reduction unit 790 may perform convert gray level based on an equation of input data and data corresponding to the third gray level conversion mode in a lookup table determined by the equation. Here, the input data may include video data and metadata.
[256]
Meanwhile, if the fourth gray level conversion mode is implemented, the high gray level amplifying unit 851 in the second reduction unit 790 may convert gray level based on data corresponding to the fourth gray level conversion mode in a lookup table.
[257]
Specifically, if the fourth gray level conversion mode is implemented, the high gray level amplifying unit 851 in the second reduction unit 790 may perform convert gray level based on an equation of input data and data corresponding to the fourth gray level conversion mode in a lookup table determined by the equation. Here, the input data may include video data and metadata.
[258]
For example, if the fourth gray level conversion mode is implemented in the high gray level amplifying unit 851 in the second reduction unit 790, the HDR processing unit 705 may implement the second gray level conversion mode.
[259]
For another example, if the third gray level conversion mode is implemented in the high gray level amplifying unit 851 in the second reduction unit 790, the HDR processing unit 705 may implement the first gray level conversion mode.
[260]
Alternatively, the high gray level amplifying unit 851 in the second reduction unit 790 may change a gray level conversion mode according to a gray level conversion mode in the HDR processing unit 705.
[261]
For example, if the second gray level conversion mode is implemented in the HDR processing unit 705, the high gray level amplifying unit 851 in the second reduction unit 790 may perform the fourth gray level conversion mode.
[262]
For another example, if the first gray level conversion mode is implemented in the HDR processing unit 705, the high gray level amplifying unit 851 in the second reduction unit 790 may implement the third gray level conversion mode.
[263]
Meanwhile, the HDR processing unit 705 according to an embodiment of the present invention may implement a gray level conversion mode so that low gray level and high gray level are converted uniformly.
[264]
Meanwhile, according to the second gray level conversion mode in the HDR processing unit 705, the second reduction unit 790 may implement the fourth gray level conversion mode and thereby amplify an upper limit on gray level of a received input signal. Accordingly, it is possible to improve high gray level expression for the input image.
[265]
Next, the first reduction unit 710 may perform noise reduction on an input image signal or an image signal processed by the HDR processing unit 705.
[266]
Specifically, the first reduction unit 710 may perform multiple stages of noise reduction processing and a first stage of gray level extension processing on an input image signal or an HDR image from the HDR processing unit 705.
[267]
To this end, the first reduction unit 710 may include a plurality of noise reduction parts 715 and 720 for reducing noise in multiple stages, and a first gray level extension part 725 for extending gray level.
[268]
Next, the enhancement unit 750 may perform multiple stages of image resolution enhancement processing on an image from the first reduction unit 710.
[269]
In addition, the enhancement unit 750 may perform object three-dimensional effect enhancement processing. In addition, the enhancement unit 750 may perform color or contrast enhancement processing.
[270]
To this end, the enhancement unit 750 may include: a plurality of resolution enhancement units 735, 738, 742 for enhancing a resolution of an image in multiple stages; an object three-dimensional effect enhancement unit 745 for enhancing a three-dimensional effect of an object; and a color contrast enhancement unit 749 for enhancing color or contrast.
[271]
Next, the second reduction unit 790 may perform a second stage of gray level extension processing based on a noise-reduced image signal received from the first reduction unit 710.
[272]
Meanwhile, the second reduction unit 790 may amplify an upper limit on gray level of an input signal, and extend a resolution of high gray level of the input signal. Accordingly, it is possible to improve high gray level expression for an input image.
[273]
For example, gray level extension may be performed uniformly on the entire gray level range of an input signal. Accordingly, gray level extension is performed uniformly on the entire area of an input image, thereby improving high gray level expression.
[274]
Meanwhile, the second reduction unit 790 may perform gray level amplification and extension based on a signal received from the first gray level extension part 725. Accordingly, it is possible to improve high gray level expression for an input image.
[275]
Meanwhile, if an input image signal input is an SDR image signal, the second reduction unit 790 may vary the degree of amplification based on a user input signal. Accordingly, it is possible to improve high gray level expression in response to a user setting.
[276]
Meanwhile, if an input image signal is an HDR image signal, the second reduction unit 790 may perform amplification according to a set value. Accordingly, it is possible to improve high gray level expression for an input image.
[277]
Meanwhile, if an input image signal is an HDR image signal, the second reduction unit 790 may vary the degree of amplification based on a user input signal. Accordingly, it is possible to improve high gray level expression according to a user setting.
[278]
Meanwhile, in the case of extending gray level based on a user input signal, the second reduction unit 790 may vary the degree of extension of gray level. Accordingly, it is possible to improve high gray level expression according to a user’s setting.
[279]
Meanwhile, the second reduction unit 790 may amplify an upper limit on gray level according to a gray level conversion mode in the HDR processing unit 705. Accordingly, it is possible to improve high gray level expression for an input image.
[280]
The signal processing device 170 includes the HDR processing unit 705 configured to receive an image signal and adjust luminance of the input image signal, and the reduction unit 790 configured to amplify brightness of the image signal received from the HDR processing unit 705 and increase gray level resolution of the image signal to thereby generate an enhanced image signal. The enhanced image signal provides increased luminance and increased gray level resolution of the image signal while a high dynamic range in a displayed HDR image is maintained.
[281]
Meanwhile, the range of brightness of the image signal is adjusted by a control signal received by the signal processing device 170.
[282]
Meanwhile, the signal processing device 170 further includes an image analyzer configured to determine whether an input image signal is an HDR signal or an SDR signal, and generate a control signal to be provided to the HDR processor 705. The range of brightness of an input image signal is adjusted by a control signal only when the input image signal is an HDR signal.
[283]
Meanwhile, the control signal is received from a controller of an image display apparatus, which relates to signal processing, and the control signal corresponds to a setting of the image display apparatus.
[284]
Meanwhile, a resolution of gray level is increased based on amplification of adjusted brightness of an image signal.
[285]
Meanwhile, a resolution of gray level is increased based on a control signal received by the signal processing device 170.
[286]
Meanwhile, a control signal is received from a controller of an image display apparatus, which relates to signal processing, and the control signal corresponds to a setting of the image display apparatus.
[287]
Meanwhile, the reduction unit 790 may include the high gray level amplifying unit 851 configured to amplify an upper limit on gray level of an input signal, and a decontouring unit 842 and 844 configured to extend the resolution of gray level amplified by the high gray level amplifying unit 851.
[288]
The second reduction unit 790 may include a second gray level extension part 729 for a second stage of gray level extension.
[289]
Meanwhile, the image quality processing unit 635 in the signal processing device 170 according to the present invention is characterized in performing four stages of reduction processing and four stages of image enhancement processing, as shown in FIG. 8.
[290]
Here, the four stages of reduction processing may include two stages of noise reduction processing and two stages of gray level extension processing.
[291]
Herein, the two stages of noise reduction processing may be performed by the first and second noise reduction parts 715 and 720 in the first reduction unit 710, and the two stages of gray level extension processing may be performed by the first gray level extension part 725 in the first reduction unit 710 and the second gray level extension part 729 in the second reduction unit 790.
[292]
Meanwhile, the four stages of image enhancement processing may include three stages of image resolution enhancement (bit resolution enhancement) and object three-dimensional effect enhancement.
[293]
Here, the three stages of image enhancement processing may be performed by the first to third resolution enhancement units 735, 738, and 742, and the object three-dimensional effect enhancement may be performed by the object three-dimensional enhancement unit 745.
[294]
Meanwhile, the signal processing device 170 of the present invention may apply the same algorithm or similar algorithms to image quality processing multiple times, thereby enabled to gradually enhance an image quality.
[295]
To this end, the image quality processing unit 635 of the signal processing device 170 of the present invention may perform image quality processing by applying the same algorithm or similar algorithms two or more times.
[296]
Meanwhile, the same algorithm or the similar algorithms implemented by the image quality processing unit 635 have a different purpose to achieve in each stage. In addition, since image quality processing is performed gradually in multiple stages, there is an advantageous effect to cause a less number of artifacts to appear in an image, resulting in a more natural and more vivid image processing result.
[297]
Meanwhile, the same algorithm or the similar algorithms are applied multiple times alternately with a different image quality algorithm, thereby bringing an effect more than simple continuous processing.
[298]
Meanwhile, the signal processing device 170 of the present invention may perform noise reduction processing in multiple stages. Each stage of noise reduction processing may include temporal processing and spatial processing.
[299]
Meanwhile, in order to calculate original quality of an image signal, the present invention uses the state-of-the-art technology such as artificial intelligence (AI). To this end, a Deep Neural Network (DNN) may be used.
[300]
The quality calculator 632 may calculate a resolution and a noise level of an input image signal using the DNN.
[301]
The quality calculator 632 may obtain an original resolution and a training image for each compression rate, and train the network so as to increase accuracy of the calculation.
[302]
A variety of images which can be commonly seen in ordinary broadcasting programs are provided as images used for the training, and thus, it is possible to cover any input environment.
[303]
Meanwhile, in order to reduce detection time or cost, the quality calculator 632 may perform learning using Convolutional Neural Network, Mobile-Net, and the like which has few number of layers.
[304]
For example, the quality calculator 632 may analyze only a region (e.g., 224x224, 128x128, 64x64, etc.) of an entire image.
[305]
Meanwhile, the quality calculator 632 may select a detection region appropriate for a purpose of detection.
[306]
For example, the quality calculator 632 may select a first region having the greatest number of edge components when detecting an original resolution,, and select a second region having the least number of edge components when detecting noise.
[307]
In particular, the quality calculator 632 may apply an algorithm that selects a detection region in a short time in order to increase a processing speed.
[308]
For example, the quality calculator 632 may perform pre-processing such as Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) on a detection region.
[309]
FIG. 9A is a diagram showing calculation based on a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN).
[310]
Referring to the drawing, a convolutional neural network is used for a particular region 1015 in an acquired image 1010.
[311]
As the convolution neural network, a convolution network and a deconvolution network may be implemented.
[312]
According to the convolution neural network, convolution and pooling are performed repeatedly.
[313]
Meanwhile, according to the CNN scheme shown in FIG. 9A, information on the region 1015 may be used to determine types of pixels in the region 1015.
[314]
FIG. 9B is a diagram showing calculation based on Mobile-Net.
[315]
According to the scheme shown in the drawing, quality calculation is performed.
[316]
Meanwhile, as original quality changes, the signal processing unit 170 of the present invention may apply an image quality setting corresponding to the changed quality in real time.
[317]
In particular, the signal processing unit 170 may perform control apply, when the image quality setting is changed, the change of the image quality setting without any condition such as a channel change or an input change while an image is reproduced.
[318]
In this case, “real time” refers to employing a temporal processing technique including imaging infrared (IIR) and step movement.
[319]
FIGS. 10A to 10C are diagrams referred to in the description about gray level conversion related to ambient illumination.
[320]
First, FIG. 10A shows an example in which a first image 910 is displayed on the first display 180 when ambient illumination of the image display apparatus 100 is a first illumination Cda.
[321]
Next, FIG. 10B shows an example in which the first image 910 is displayed on the display 180 when ambient illumination of the image display apparatus 100 is a second illumination Cdb higher than the first illumination Cda.
[322]
The HDR processing unit 705 in FIG. 8 may convert gray level in order to expand a dynamic range of an input image.
[323]
In particular, the HDR processing unit 705 may vary gray level of an input image according to the first gray level conversion mode as shown in FIG. 10C.
[324]
FIG. 10C shows an example of a first tone curve Spa according to the first gray level conversion mode. According to the first tone curve Spa, high gray level is saturated and low gray level is converted, thereby improving low gray level expression.
[325]
Meanwhile, if the first tone cure according to the first gray level conversion mode in FIG. 10C is used not just for the first illumination Cda in FIG. 10a but also for the second illumination Cdb in FIG. 10B, low gray level expression may improve in the first illumination Cda which corresponds to relatively low illumination. In this case, however, low gray level expression does not improve effectively in the second illumination which corresponds to relatively high illumination. Accordingly, the brighter the ambient illuminance is, the less likely the viewer is able to recognize a dynamic range of a displayed image.
[326]
In order to solve this problem, the present invention senses ambient illumination using the illumination sensor 197, and varies a gray level conversion mode based on information on the sensed ambient illumination.
[327]
FIG. 11 is a flowchart showing a method of operating an image display apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIGS. 12A to 14B are diagrams referred to in the description of the method shown in FIG. 11.
[328]
Referring to FIG. 11, the illumination sensor 197 of the image display apparatus 100 senses ambient illuminance of the display 180 (S1110).
[329]
Next, the signal processing unit 170 of the image display apparatus 100 analyzes an input image (S1120).
[330]
For example, the image analyzer 610 of the signal processing unit 170 may analyze the input image using a Deep Neural Network (DNN).
[331]
Accordingly, the image analyzer 610 of the signal processing unit 170 may calculate an average picture level, a peak picture level, or the like of the input image.
[332]
Meanwhile, the image analyzer 610 of the signal processing unit 170 may calculate a resolution, a noise level, or the like of an image signal.
[333]
Next, the signal processing unit 170 of the image display apparatus 100 may change a gray level conversion mode of the input image based on information on the ambient illumination and information on the analyzed input image (S1130).
[334]
For example, based on information on illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level of an input image according to a first gray level conversion mode or according to a second gray level conversion mode in which an amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, it is possible improve gray level expression of a displayed image in response to ambient illumination of the display 180.
[335]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may perform control such that the amount of increase in gray level is varied based on the information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image.
[336]
In FIG. 12A, (a) shows an example in which a first image 910 is displayed on the display 180 when ambient illumination of the image display apparatus 100 is a first illumination Cda.
[337]
If ambient illumination is the first illumination Cda and thus a level of illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 is lower than a first level, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level according to a first gray level conversion mode.
[338]
That is, as shown in (b) of FIG. 12A, the signal processing unit 170 may perform gray level conversion based on a first tone curve Spa according to the first gray level conversion mode. It is controlled such that high gray level is saturated and low gray level is converted according to the first tone curve, and accordingly, it is possible to improve low gray level expression.
[339]
In FIG. 12B, (a) shows an example in which a first image 910 is displayed on the display 180 when ambient illumination of the image display apparatus 100 is a second illumination Cdb.
[340]
If ambient illumination is a second illumination Cdb and thus a level of illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 is equal to or higher than a first level, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level according to a second gray level conversion mode.
[341]
That is, as shown in (b) of FIG. 12B, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level based on a second tone curve Spb.
[342]
As high gray level is saturated and low gray level is converted according to the second tone curve, it is possible to improve low gray level expression.
[343]
Meanwhile, in order to improve low gray level expression, the second tone curve Spb is set such that the amount of increase in low gray level ΔS is greater than in the first tone curve Spa.
[344]
Meanwhile, the second tone curve Spb is set such that a level of saturating gray level is lower compared to the first tone Curve Spa while an amount of increase in non-saturating gray level level is greater than an amount of increase a saturating gray level level.
[345]
That is, if a level of illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 is equal to or higher than a first level, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level according to the second gray level conversion mode in which an amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image in response to ambient illumination of the display 180.
[346]
Meanwhile, in order to perform high dynamic range signal processing on an input image, the signal processing unit 170 may perform the first gray level conversion mode. After the first gray level conversion mode, the signal processing unit 170 may selectively implement the second gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image in response to ambient illumination of the display 180.
[347]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may perform change the amount of increase in gray level ΔS based on information on illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image.
[348]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may increase the amount of increase in gray level ΔS as illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 increases. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression of a displayed image.
[349]
FIG. 12D is a diagram showing the relation of the amount of increase in gray level ΔS with ambient illumination.
[350]
Referring to the drawing, if a level of illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 is equal to or higher than a first level Bth, gray level conversion is performed by the second tone curve Spb according to the second gray level conversion mode. In this case, the higher the level of ambient illumination, the grater the amount of increase in gray level ΔS. Accordingly, even though ambient illumination becomes brighter, low gray level increases further and hence it is possible to enhance low gray level expression.
[351]
Meanwhile, in FIG. 12D, if a level of illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 is lower than the first level Bth, gray level conversion may be performed by the first tone curve Spa according to the first gray level conversion mode.
[352]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may analyze an input image and change an amount of increase in gray level ΔS in response to an average picture level or a peak picture level of the analyzed input image. Accordingly, the display 180 may improve gray level expression according to ambient illumination of the display 180 and information on the analyzed image.
[353]
FIG. 12C is a diagram showing the relation of the amount of increase in gray level ΔS with an average picture level(APL)) of an input image.
[354]
Referring to the drawing, the signal processing unit 170 may analyze an input image and decrease the amount of increase in gray level ΔS as the average picture level or the peak picture level of the analyzed input image increases. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression according to information on the analyzed image.
[355]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may perform decrease the amount of increase in gray level ΔS upon gray level conversion as the black area in an input image decreases.
[356]
For example, if a black area in an input image is equal to or greater than a reference size, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level based on information on illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 according to the second gray level conversion mode, and decrease the amount of increase in gray level ΔS as the back area decreases. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression according to ambient illumination of the display 180 and information on the analyzed image.
[357]
Alternatively, the signal processing unit 170 may perform control such that the larger the white area is included in an input image, the smaller the amount of increase in gray level ΔS becomes upon gray level conversion.
[358]
For example, if a white area in an input image is equal to or smaller than a second reference size, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level based on information on illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 according to the second illumination conversion mode, and decrease the amount of increase in gray level ΔS as the white area increases. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression according to ambient illumination of the display 180 and information on the analyzed image.
[359]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may increase the amount of increase in gray level ΔS upon gray level conversion as the black in an input image increases.
[360]
Alternatively, the signal processing unit 170 may increase the amount of increase in gray level ΔS upon gray level conversion perform control such that as the white area in an input image decreases.
[361]
In FIG. 1A, (a) shows an example in which a first image 910 is displayed on the display 180 when ambient illumination of the image display apparatus 100 is a second illumination Cdb.
[362]
If the ambient illumination is the second illumination Cdb and thus a level of illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 is equal to or higher than a first level, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level according to the second gray level conversion mode.
[363]
Meanwhile, as shown in (a) of FIG. 13A, the signal processing unit 170 may analyze the first image 910, and, if there is a large black area in the first image 910, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level based on the second tone curve Spb in FIG. 13C.
[364]
In this case, the amount of increase in gray level according to the second tone curve Spb may be ΔS.
[365]
In FIG. 13B, (a) shows an example in which a second image 1010 is displayed on the display 180 when ambient illumination of the image display apparatus 100 is a second illumination Cdb.
[366]
If the ambient illumination is the second illumination Cdb and thus a level of illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 is equal to or higher than a first level, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level according to the second gray level conversion mode.
[367]
Meanwhile, as shown in (b) of FIG. 13B, the signal processing unit 170 may analyze the second image 1010, and, if there is a large white area in the second image 1010, especially if a white area is larger than in the first image 910 in FIG. 13A, the signal processing unit 170 may perform control such that gray level conversion is performed based on a third tone curve Spc in FIG. 13C.
[368]
In this case, the amount of increase in gray level according to the third tone curve Spc may be ΔSb smaller than ΔS.
[369]
That is, the signal processing unit 170 may perform control such that the larger the white area in the second image 1010, the smaller the amount of increase in gray level.
[370]
Alternatively, the signal processing unit 170 may perform control such that the smaller the black area in the second image 1010, the smaller the amount of increase in gray scale.
[371]
Meanwhile, the signal processing unit 170 may perform control such that an object indicating whether to change a gray level conversion mode for an input image is displayed according to ambient illumination of the display 180.
[372]
FIG. 14A shows an example in which an object 1410 indicating whether to change a gray level conversion mode for an input image is displayed on the display 180.
[373]
The signal processing unit 170 may perform control such that when a level of ambient illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 is lower than a first level, the object 1410 indicating whether to change a gray level conversion mode for an input image is automatically displayed on the display 180.
[374]
In this case, if a gray level conversion mode for an input image is selected by a user input or the like, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level of the input image based on information on illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197 according to the second gray level conversion mode in which the amount of increase in gray level ΔS is grater than in the first gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression in a manner of artificial intelligence in response to ambient illumination of the display 180.
[375]
Meanwhile, if an item for changing a gray level conversion mode for an input image in response to ambient illumination of the display 180 is selected on an image quality setting menu, the signal processing unit 170 may perform the first gray level conversion mode or the second gray level conversion mode.
[376]
FIG. 14B shows an example in which an image quality setting menu 1420 is displayed on the display 180.
[377]
Referring to the drawing, the image quality setting menu 1420 may include an item 1424 for changing a gray level conversion mode for an input image.
[378]
If the item 1424 for changing a gray level conversion mode for an input image is selected on the image quality setting menu 1420 by a user input or the like, the signal processing unit 170 may convert gray level of the input image based on information on illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197.
[379]
In particular, based on the information on the illumination sensed by the illumination sensor 197, the signal processing unit 170 may convert the gray level of the input image according to the first gray level conversion mode or according to the second gray level conversion mode. Accordingly, it is possible to improve gray level expression in a manner of artificial intelligence in response to ambient illumination of the display 180.
[380]
Although the preferred embodiments of the present disclosure have been disclosed for illustrative purposes, those skilled in the art will appreciate that various modifications, additions and substitutions are possible, without departing from the scope and spirit of the disclosure as disclosed in the accompanying claims. Accordingly, such modifications, additions and substitutions should also be understood to fall within the scope of the present disclosure.

Claims

[Claim 1]
An image display apparatus comprising: a display; an illumination sensor configured to detect ambient illumination at the display; and a signal processing unit configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display and to convert gray level of an input image based on the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor, wherein the gray level is converted according to a first gray level conversion mode or a second gray level conversion mode in which an amount of increase in the gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode.
[Claim 2]
The image display apparatus of claim 1, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to change the amount of increase in the gray level based on the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor.
[Claim 3]
The image display apparatus of claim 1, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to increase the amount of increase in the gray level in accordance to an increase in the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor.
[Claim 4]
The image display apparatus of claim 1, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to: convert the gray level according to the first gray level conversion mode when a level of the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor is lower than a first level; and convert the gray level according to the second gray level conversion mode when the level of the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor is equal to or higher than the first level.
[Claim 5]
The image display apparatus of claim 1, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to: analyze the input image; and change the amount of increase in the gray level in response to an average picture level or a peak picture level of the analyzed input image.
[Claim 6]
The image display apparatus of claim 1, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to: analyze the input image; and decrease the amount of increase in the gray level in accordance to an increase in an average picture level or a peak picture level of the analyzed input image.
[Claim 7]
The image display apparatus of claim 1, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to convert the gray level of the input image based on the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor when a size of a black area in the input image is equal to or greater than a reference size, wherein the gray level is converted according to the first gray level conversion mode or the second gray level conversion mode.
[Claim 8]
The image display apparatus of claim 1, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to: perform high dynamic range signal processing on the input image based on the first gray level conversion mode; and after the first gray level conversion mode, selectively convert the gray level using the second gray level conversion mode based on the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor.
[Claim 9]
The image display apparatus of claim 1, wherein the signal processing unit comprises: an image analyzer configured to analyze the input image using a Deep Neural Network (DNN); and an image quality processing unit configured to convert the gray level of the input image based on information on the analyzed input image and the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor, wherein the gray level is converted according to an implementation of the first gray level conversion mode or to the second gray level conversion mode.
[Claim 10]
The image display apparatus of claim 1, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to display an object indicating whether to change a gray level conversion mode for the input image in response to the ambient illumination at the display.
[Claim 11]
The image display apparatus of claim 1, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to perform a gray level conversion mode for the input image when an item for changing a gray level conversion mode is selected in an image setting menu, wherein the gray level conversion mode corresponds to the first gray level conversion mode or the second gray level conversion mode.
[Claim 12]
An image display apparatus comprising: a display; an illumination sensor configured to detect ambient illumination at the display; and a signal processing unit configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display, analyze an input image and change a gray level conversion mode for the input image based on the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor.
[Claim 13]
The image display apparatus of claim 12, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to convert a gray level of the input image based on the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor, wherein the gray level is converted according to an implementation of a first gray level conversion mode or a second gray level conversion mode in which an amount of increase in the gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode.
[Claim 14]
The image display apparatus of claim 13, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to increase the amount of increase in the gray level in accordance to an increase in the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor.
[Claim 15]
The image display apparatus of claim 13, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to: convert the gray level of the input image according to an implementation of the first gray level conversion mode when a level of the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor is lower than a first level; and convert the gray level of the input image according to an implementation of the second gray level conversion mode when the level of the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor is equal to or higher than the first level.
[Claim 16]
An image display apparatus comprising: a display; an illumination sensor configured to detect ambient illumination at the display; and a signal processing unit configured to output an image-quality-processed image signal to the display and change a gray level conversion mode for an input image based on the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor when an item for changing a gray level conversion mode for an input image is selected in an image setting menu, wherein the gray level conversion mode is changed in response to the ambient illumination at the display.
[Claim 17]
The image display apparatus of claim 16, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to convert a gray level of the input image based on the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor according to an implementation of a first gray level conversion mode or a second gray level conversion mode in which an amount of increase in gray level is greater than in the first gray level conversion mode.
[Claim 18]
The image display apparatus of claim 17, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to increase the amount of increase in gray level in accordance to an increase in the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor.
[Claim 19]
The image display apparatus of claim 17, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to: convert the gray level of the input image according to an implementation of the first gray level conversion mode when a level of the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor is lower than a first level; and convert the gray level of the input image according to an implementation of the second gray level conversion mode when the level of the ambient illumination detected by the illumination sensor is equal to or higher than the first level.
[Claim 20]
The image display apparatus of claim 17, wherein the signal processing unit is further configured to: analyze the input image; and change the amount of increase in the gray level in response to an average picture level or a peak picture level of the analyzed input image.

Drawings

[ Fig. 1]

[ Fig. 2]

[ Fig. 3]

[ Fig. 4a]

[ Fig. 4b]

[ Fig. 5]

[ Fig. 6a]

[ Fig. 6b]

[ Fig. 7]

[ Fig. 8]

[ Fig. 9a]

[ Fig. 9b]

[ Fig. 10a]

[ Fig. 10b]

[ Fig. 10c]

[ Fig. 11]

[ Fig. 12a]

[ Fig. 12b]

[ Fig. 12c]

[ Fig. 12d]

[ Fig. 13a]

[ Fig. 13b]

[ Fig. 13c]

[ Fig. 14a]

[ Fig. 14b]