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1. WO2011062730 - APPARATUS FOR DETECTING VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS AND RELATED METHODS

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1 . An apparatus for detecting one or more volatile organic compounds (VOCs) comprising:

a primary electrode;

one or more particles coupled to the primary electrode, wherein the one or

more particles are coupled to one or more enzymes that are capable of undergoing

a redox reaction with at least one VOC; and

a reference electrode,

wherein the apparatus is configured to measure current or voltage generated

between the primary electrode and the reference electrode in response to the redox

reaction.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the reference electrode comprises one or more particles coupled to the reference electrode, wherein the one or more particles are coupled to one or more enzymes that do not undergo a redox reaction with a VOC.

3. The apparatus of any of claims 1 -2, wherein the electrodes are each independently made of or coated by a material selected from gold, platinum, palladium, silver, carbon, copper, iridium, cobalt or indium tin oxide.

4. The apparatus of any of claims 1 -3, wherein the one or more particles are metallic nanoparticles.

5. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein the metallic nanoparticles comprise gold, silver, platinum, iron, or combinations thereof.

6. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein the metallic nanoparticles are gold nanoparticles.

7. The apparatus of any of claims 1 -6, wherein the one or more particles are coupled to the primary electrode via a linker molecule.

8. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the linker molecule comprises one or more thiol groups.

9. The apparatus of any of claims 1 -8, wherein the one or more enzymes are selected from the group consisting of: an oxidase; a reductase; a hydrolase; and a hydroxylase.

10. The apparatus of any of claims 1 -9, wherein the one or more enzymes are selected from the group consisting of: a cytochrome P450-dependent styrene monooxygenase, and an alkane hydroxylase.

1 1 . The apparatus of any of claims 1 -10, wherein the one or more enzymes are coupled to the one or more particles by an interaction selected from the group consisting of: an ionic bond, a covalent bond, and a metal chelate bond.

12. The apparatus of any of claims 1 -1 1 , wherein the one or more enzymes are modified to include one or more amino acids capable of forming an ionic bond, a covalent bond, or a metal chelate bond with the one or more particles.

13. The apparatus of any of claims 1 -12, wherein the at least one VOC is selected from the group consisting of: saturated hydrocarbons, unsaturated hydrocarbons, oxygen-containing VOCs, sulfur-containing VOCs, and nitrogen-containing VOCs.

14. The apparatus of claim 13, wherein the at least one VOC is selected from the group consisting of ethane, pentane, isoprene, acetone, ethyl mercaptane, dimethylsulfide, dimethylamine, and ammonia.

15. The apparatus of claim any of claims 1 -14, wherein the at least one VOC is a VOC associated with lung cancer.

16. The apparatus of claim 15, wherein the at least one VOC is an unbranched or branched alkane or a cycloalkane having carbon numbers from Ci to Ci2.

17. The apparatus of claim 15, wherein the at least one VOC is selected from the group consisting of styrene; 2,2,4,6,6-pentamethyl-heptane; 2-methyl-heptane; decane; propyl-benzene; undecane; methyl-cyclopentane; 1 -methyl-2-pentyl-cyclopropane; trichlorofluoro-methane; benzene; 1 ,2,4-trimethyl-benzene; 2-methyl-1 ,3-butadiene; 3-methyl-octane; 1 -hexene; 3-methyl-nonane; 1 -heptene;

1 ,4-dimethyl-benzene; 2,4-dimethyl-heptane; hexanal; 1 -methylethenyl-benzene; hepatanal; isobutane; methanol; ethanol; acetone; pentane; isopropanol;

dimethylsulfide; carbon disulfide; toluene; hexane; methyl pentane; o-toluidine; and aniline.

18. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the one or more particles are gold nanoparticles, the one or more enzymes are cytochrome P450-dependent styrene monooxygenase, and the at least one VOC is styrene.

19. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the one or more particles are gold nanoparticles, the one or more enzymes are alkane hydroxylase, and the at least one VOC is decane.

20. A method for detecting a volatile organic compound (VOC) in an assayed sample, the method comprising:

(a) introducing the sample to be assayed into the reaction cell of the biosensor comprising: (i) a reaction cell with a primary electrode; one or more particles coupled to the primary electrode, wherein the one or more particles are coupled to one or more enzymes that are capable of undergoing a redox reaction with at least one VOC; and a reference electrode, and (ii) a detector configured to measure current or voltage generated between the primary electrode and the reference electrode in response to the redox reaction, and

(b) measuring the current or voltage generated between the primary electrode and the reference electrode.