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Machine translation
9. (WO2013151769) METHODS FOR MODULATING PLANT RESPONSE TO ENVIRONMENTALLY-INDUCED STRESS
Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

Claims

What is claimed is:

1. A method for modulating environmental stress resistance in a plant, the method comprising applying to plant material, area of cultivation, or combination thereof an amount of a compound effective to increase Tyr248 phosphorylation of RACK! A in response to the environmental stress.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the plant material comprises foliage, stem, roots, soil, or a combination thereof.

3. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the compound is selected from any one of the following:


(i)

or an agriculturally acceptable salt thereof,

wherein

Ri is halogen; OH; lower alkyl comprising Ci to Cio alkyl, preferably a Ci to Ce alkyl; lower halo-alkyl comprising Ci to do halo-alkyl; lower alkoxy comprising O to Cio alkoxy, preferably a Q to Ce alkoxy, more preferably methoxy; or lower halo-alkoxy, and

I¾ is a lower alkyl comprising Ci to Cio alkyl, preferably a O to C& alkyl; lower halo-alkyl comprising Q to Cio halo-alkyl, preferably a Ci to C6 halo-alkyl, more preferably a halo-alkyl comprising -CF3, -C2F5, or -C3F7;—SI I; or -N(R7)x,

wherein

x is ί or 2 and

R7 is N, -OH, lower alkyl, lowrer halo-alkyl, lowrer alkoxy, lowrer halo-alkoxy; an aromatic group; ~-5CH2CONR8; -SC! bCOORs; or -SCH CORs,

wherein

Rg is -H, lower alkyl, or lower halo-alkyl;


(2)

or an agriculturally acceptable salt thereof,

wherein

R is a halogen; OH; lower alkyl comprising Ci to Cio alkyl, preferably a Ci to Ce alkyl; lower halo-alkyl comprising Ci to Cio halo-alkyl; lower alkoxy comprising Ci to Cio alkoxy, preferably a Ci to C6 alkoxy, more preferably methoxy; or lower halo-alkoxy;

1¾ is a lower alkyl comprising Ci to Cio alkyl, preferably a O to C6 alkyl; lower halo-alkyl comprising Ci to Cio halo-alkyl, preferably a O to Ce, halo-alkyl, more preferably a halo-alkyl comprising -CF3, -C2F5, or -C3F7; -SH; or -N(R7)x,

wherein

x is 1 or 2;

R6 is lower alkyl or -CF3.

R? is N, -OH, lower alkyl, lower halo-alkyl, lower alkoxy, lower halo-alkoxy; an aromatic group; -SCHbCONRs; ~5CH2COORs; or -SCH2CORs; and

Rs is ~H, lower alkyl, or lower halo-alkyl;


or an agriculturally acceptable salt thereof,

wherein Ri is halogen; OH; lower alkyl comprising Ci to Cio alkyl, preferably a O to C& alkyl; lower alkoxy comprising O to Cio alkoxy, preferably a Ci to Ct, alkoxy, more preferably methoxy; or lower halo-alkoxy;

R


or an agriculturally acceptable salt thereof,

wherein Ri is halogen; OH; lower alky! comprising Ci to Cio alkyl, preferably a Ci to C6 alkvl; lower alkoxv comprising Q to Cio alkoxv, preferably a O to C6 alkoxy, more preferably methoxy; or lower halo-alkoxy; or


(6),

or an agriculturally acceptable salt thereof,

wherein Ri is a haloeen, lower alkvL or lower alkoxv.

6. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the environmental stress is selected from the group consisting of high light intensity, high soil salinity, low soil moisture, and heat.

7. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 6,. wherein the compound is diluted in liquid media prior to application to the plant material or area of cultivation,

8. A method for increasing resistance to environmental stress in a plant, the method comprising applying to plant material, area of cultivation, or combination thereof an amount of a compound effective to decrease Tyr248 phosphorylation of RACK! A in response to the environmental stress.

9. The method of claim 8, wherein the plant material comprises foliage, stem, roots, soil, or a combination thereof.

10. The method of claim 8 or 9, wherein the compound is selected from any one of t e following:


or an agriculturally acceptable salt thereof,

wherein

Ri is halogen; OH; lower alkyl comprising Ci to Cio alkyl, preferably a Ci to G, alkyl; lower halo-alkyl comprising Ci to Cio halo-alkyl; lower alkoxy comprising Ci to Cio alkoxy, preferably a O to G alkoxy, more preferably methoxy; or lower halo-alkoxy, and

R2 is a lower alkyl comprising G to Cio alkyl, preferably a G to C& alkyl; lower halo-alkyl comprising Ci to Cio halo-alkyl, preferably a O to G halo-alkyl, more preferably a halo-alkyl comprising -CF3, -C2F5, or -C3F7; -SH; or -N(R'/)x,

wherein

x is 1 or 2 and

R? is N, -OH, lower alkyl, lower halo-alkyl, lower alkoxy, lower halo-alkoxy; an aromatic group; -SCH2CONR8; -SCH2COOR8,; or -SCH2COR8,

wherein

Rs is -H, lower alkyl, or lower halo-alkyl;


or an agriculturally acceptable salt thereof,

wherein

Ri is a halogen; OH; lower alkyl comprisin Ci to Cio alkyl, preferably a O to C6 alkyl; lower halo-alkyl comprising G to Cio halo-alkyl; lower alkoxy comprising G to Cio alkoxy, preferably a G to C& alkoxy, more preferably methoxy; or lower halo-alkoxy;

I¾ is a lower alkyl comprising Ci to Cio alkyl, preferably a O to C& alkyl; lower halo-alky! comprising Q to Cio halo-alkyl, preferably a Ci to C6 halo-alky 1, more preferably a halo-alky! comprising -CF3, -C2F5, or -C3F7;—SI I; or -N(R7)x,

wherein

x is ί or 2;

1¾ is lower alky! or -CF3.

R7 is N, -OH, lower alkyl, lower halo-alkyl, lower alkoxy, lower halo-alkoxy; an aromatic group; -SCH2CONR8; -SCH2COOR8,; or -SCH-CORs; and

Rg is --H, lower alkyl, or lower halo-alkyl;


or an agriculturally acceptable salt thereof,

wherein Ri is halogen; OH; lower alkyl comprising Ci to Cio alkyl, preferably a Ci to C& alkyl; lower alkoxy comprising Ci to Cio alkoxy, preferably a Ci to C6 alkoxy, more preferably methoxy; or lower halo-alkoxy;


(5)

or an agriculturally acceptable salt thereof,

wherein Ri is halogen; OH; lower alkyl comprising Ci to Go alkyl, preferably a G to C& alkyl; lower alkoxy comprising G to Go alkoxy, preferably a G to G alkoxy, more preferably methoxy; or lower halo-alkoxy; or


(6),

or an agriculturally acceptable salt thereof,

wherein Ri is a halogen, lower alkyl, or lower alkoxy.

11. The method of claim 8 or 9, wherein the compound is selected fr one of the following:






12. The method according to any one of claims 8 to 11, wherein the

environmental stress is selected from the group consisting of high light intensify, high soil salinity, low soil moisture, and heat.

13. The method according to any one of claims 8 to 12, wherein the

compound is diluted in liquid media prior to application to the plant material or area of cultivation.