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1. US20150021811 - Annular die and method for extrusion

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[ EN ]

Claims

1. An annular die for extrusion, comprising:
a mandrel,
a die body,
at least one radially adjustable slide,
a melt channel, the melt channel having a cross-sectional profile and a circumference,
wherein the cross-sectional profile of the melt channel is variable by the at least one radially adjustable slide,
wherein the circumference of the melt channel is at least partially defined by the at least one radially adjustable slide,
wherein the at least one radially adjustable slide is formed by a plurality of segments that are adjustable together from a first position to a second position,
wherein the plurality of segments in each of the first position and the second position form an arc portion of the melt channel,
wherein a radius of the arc portion is different according to the first position and the second position of the plurality of segments,
wherein the plurality of segments of the at least one radially adjustable slide comprise a main slide segment and two secondary slide segments, which together form the arc portion of the melt channel, and
wherein the two secondary slide segments are guided on the main slide segment at an angle to an adjusting direction of the main slide segment.
2. The annular die as claimed in claim 1, wherein the plurality of segments of the at least one radially adjustable slide are kinematically positively coupled.
3. The annular die as claimed in claim 1, wherein the two secondary slide segments are respectively coupled to the main slide segment by way of a slotted-link guide.
4. The annular die as claimed in claim 1, wherein the two secondary slide segments are guided such that a radial adjustment of the main slide segment with respect to the circumference of the melt channel brings about a radial adjusting movement and a concurrent transverse adjusting movement of the secondary slide segments.
5. The annular die as claimed in claim 1, wherein a plurality of radially adjustable slides define the circumference of the melt channel.
6. The annular die as claimed in claim 1, wherein the mandrel is axially adjustable.
7. The annular die as claimed in claim 1, wherein at least one of the die body and the mandrel are adjustable such that the melt channel is asymmetrically adjustable.
8. The annular die as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cross-sectional profile of the melt channel is dynamically adjustable during extrusion.
9. The annular die as claimed in claim 1, wherein the at least one radially adjustable slide further comprises a plurality of radially adjustable slides.
10. The annular die as claimed in claim 9, wherein the circumference of the melt channel is at least partially defined by the plurality of radially adjustable slides,
wherein each radially adjustable slide of the plurality of radially adjustable slides is formed by a plurality of segments that are adjustable together from a first position to a second position,
wherein the plurality of segments of each radially adjustable slide in each of the first position and the second position each form an arc portion of the melt channel,
wherein a radius of each arc portion is different according to the first position and the second position of the plurality of segments of each radially adjustable slide,
wherein the plurality of segments of each radially adjustable slide each comprise a main slide segment and two secondary slide segments, which together form the arc portion of the melt channel, and
wherein the two secondary slide segments of each radially adjustable slide are guided on the main slide segment of each radially adjustable slide at an angle to an adjusting direction of the main slide segment of each radially adjustable slide.
11. A method for extrusion, comprising:
extruding an extrudate with an annular die, the annular die comprising
a mandrel,
a die body,
at least one radially adjustable slide,
a melt channel, the melt channel having a cross-sectional profile and a circumference,
wherein the cross-sectional profile of the melt channel is variable by the at least one radially adjustable slide,
wherein the circumference of the melt channel is at least partially defined by the at least one radially adjustable slide,
wherein the at least one radially adjustable slide is formed by a plurality of segments that are adjustable together from a first position to a second position,
wherein the plurality of segments in each of the first position and the second position form an arc portion of the melt channel,
wherein a radius of the arc portion is different according to the first position and the second position of the plurality of segments,
wherein the plurality of segments of the at least one radially adjustable slide comprise a main slide segment and two secondary slide segments, which together form the arc portion of the melt channel, and
wherein the two secondary slide segments are guided on the main slide segment at an angle to an adjusting direction of the main slide segment, and
varying the cross-sectional profile of the melt channel by the at least one radially adjustable slide while extruding the extrudate through the melt channel.
12. The method as claimed in claim 11, further comprising varying a width of a portion of the melt channel by the at least one radially adjustable slide while maintaining a width of another portion of the melt channel.
13. The method as claimed in claim 11, wherein the at least one radially adjustable slide further comprises a plurality of radially adjustable slides, and further comprising varying the cross-sectional profile of the melt channel by the plurality of radially adjustable slides.
14. The method as claimed in claim 13, wherein varying the cross-sectional profile of the melt channel by the at least two radially adjustable slides is performed while extruding an extrudate through the melt channel.