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1. EP0876667 - GROUND SKEW PROTECTION METHOD AND APPARATUS

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Claims

1. An AC power source ground skew protection apparatus for protecting a non-isolated data communications cable against ground skew used with an AC power source comprising:

a current summing transformer coupled to an AC power source; said current summing transformer including;

a single transformer core; and

a plurality of coils, one of said coils connected in series with each phase, neutral and ground line in the AC power source;

   said plurality of coils being substantially identical; each coil having an identical number of turns and an identical direction of winding on the transformer core.
  2. An AC power source ground skew protection apparatus for protecting a non-isolated data communications cable against ground skew as recited in claim 1 wherein each said coil has said identical number of turns in a range between five turns and two hundred turns.
  3. An AC power source ground skew protection apparatus for protecting a non-isolated data communications cable against ground skew as recited in claim 1 wherein single transformer core is one of a toroid, a laminated core, a cut core and a molded core.
  4. An AC power source ground skew protection apparatus for protecting a non-isolated data communications cable against ground skew as recited in claim 1 further includes an isolation transformer connected in series with said current summing transformer.
  5. An AC power source ground skew protection apparatus for protecting a non-isolated data communications cable against ground skew as recited in claim 1 further includes an filter connected in series with said current summing transformer.
  6. An AC power source ground skew protection apparatus for protecting a non-isolated data communications cable against ground skew as recited in claim 1 further includes an isolation transformer and a filter, both said isolation transformer and said filter connected in series with said current summing transformer.
  7. An AC power source ground skew protection method for protecting a non-isolated data communications cable against ground skew used with the AC power source comprising the steps of:

providing a current summing transformer with a plurality of coils, one of said coils connected in series with each phase, neutral and ground line in the AC power source; said current summing transformer including a single transformer core; and said plurality of coils being substantially identical; each coil having an identical number of turns and an identical direction of winding on the transformer core;

providing, with said current summing transformer, high impedance to transient surge currents; and

providing, with said current summing transformer, substantially zero impedance to normal power currents including ground leakage and ground fault currents, thereby preserving the local ground integrity for safety requirements.


  8. An AC power source ground skew protection method as recited in claim 7 wherein said step of providing a current summing transformer with a plurality of coils, one of said coils connected in series with each phase, neutral and ground line in the AC power source; said current summing transformer including a single transformer core; and said plurality of coils being substantially identical; each coil having an identical number of turns and an identical direction of winding on the transformer core further includes the step of

selecting said identical number of turns so that said single transformer core saturates at a predetermined voltage at power frequency.


  9. An AC power source ground skew protection method as recited in claim 7 further includes the step of providing an isolation transformer connected in series with said current summing transformer.
  10. An AC power source ground skew protection method as recited in claim 7 further includes the step of providing a filter connected in series with said current summing transformer.