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1. WO2006121589 - METHOD AND SYSTEM TO CONTROL GASTROINTESTINAL FUNCTION BY MEANS OF NEURO-ELECTRICAL CODED SIGNALS

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS
What is claimed is:
1. A method for controlling gastrointestinal function in a subject, comprising the steps of:
capturing a plurality of waveform signals generated in said subject's body, said waveform signals being operative in the control of gastrointestinal function; and
transmitting at least a first waveform signal to said subject's body, said first waveform signal being recognizable by said subject's digestive system as a modulation signal.
2. The method of Claim 1 , wherein said first waveform signal is transmitted to the subject's nervous system.
3. The method of Claim 2, wherein said first waveform signal is transmitted to a location of said subject's body selected from the group consisting of the pudendal nerve, the myenteric plexus, the rectal plexus, the hypogastric plexi, the intermesenteric plexus, the mesenteric ganglion/plexus, the rectal nerve, the splanchnic nerve, the lumbar chain ganglia (L-I to L-3), the sacral plexus (S-2 to S-4) and the inferior rectal nerve.
4. The method of Claim 3, wherein said first waveform signal is adapted to control said subject's anal sphincter.
5. The method of Claim 3, wherein said first waveform signal is adapted to mediate peristaltic contraction of said subject's gastrointestinal tract.
6. The method of Claim 1, wherein said subject comprises a human.
7. The method of Claim 1 , wherein said subject comprises an animal.
8. A method for controlling gastrointestinal function, comprising the steps of: capturing a plurality of waveform signals generated in a subject's body, said waveform signals being operative in the control of gastrointestinal function; and
transmitting at least a first waveform signal to said subject's body, said first waveform signal including at least a second waveform signal that substantially corresponds to at least one of said captured waveform signals and is operative in the control of gastrointestinal function.
9. The method of Claim 8, wherein said first waveform signal is transmitted to said subject's nervous system.

10. The method of Claim 8, wherein said first waveform signal is transmitted to a location of said subject's body selected from the group consisting of the pudendal nerve, the myenteric plexus, the rectal plexus, the hypogastric plexi, the inteπnesenteric plexus, the mesenteric ganglion/plexus, the rectal nerve, the splanchnic nerve, the lumbar chain ganglia (L-I to L-3), the sacral plexus (S-2 to S-4) and the inferior rectal nerve.
11. The method of Claim 10, wherein said first waveform signal is adapted to control said subject's anal sphincter.
12. The method of Claim 10, wherein said first waveform signal is adapted to mediate peristaltic contraction of said subject's gastrointestinal tract.
13. A method for controlling gastrointestinal function, comprising the steps of:
capturing a plurality of waveform signals generated in a subject's body, said waveform signals being operative in the control of gastrointestinal function;
extracting the components of said captured waveform signals;
storing said captured waveform signals and said signal components in a storage medium;
generating a first waveform signal based on said captured waveform signal; and
transmitting said first waveform signal to said subject's body, said first waveform signal including at least a second waveform signal that substantially corresponds to at least one of said captured waveform signals and is operative in the control of gastrointestinal function.
14. The method of Claim 13 , wherein said first waveform signal is transmitted to said subject's nervous system.
15. A method for controlling gastrointestinal function, comprising the steps of:
capturing a first plurality of waveform signals generated in a first subject's body, said first plurality of waveform signals including first waveform signals that are operative in the control of gastrointestinal function;
generating a base-line gastrointestinal waveform signal from said first waveform signals;
capturing a second plurality of waveform signals generated in said first subject's body, said second plurality of waveform signals including at least a second waveform signal that is operative in the control of gastrointestinal function;
comparing said base-line gastrointestinal function waveform signal to said second waveform signal;
generating a third waveform signal based on said comparison of said base-line gastrointestinal and second waveform signals;
transmitting said third waveform signal to said first subject's body, said third waveform signal being operative in the control of gastrointestinal function.
16. The method of Claim 15, wherein said step of capturing said waveform signals comprises capturing said first plurality of waveform signals from a plurality of subjects.
17. The method of Claim 15, wherein said third waveform substantially corresponds to said second waveform signal.
18. The method of Claim 15, wherein said third waveform substantially corresponds to said base-line gastrointestinal waveform signal.
19. The method of Claim 15, wherein said third waveform signal is transmitted to a portion of said subject's nervous system capable of mediating gastrointestinal function.
20. The method of Claim 19, wherein said third waveform signal is transmitted to a location of said first subject's body selected from the group consisting of the pudendal nerve, the myenteric plexus, the rectal plexus, the hypogastric plexi, the intermesenteric plexus, the mesenteric ganglion/plexus, the rectal nerve, the splanchnic nerve, the lumbar chain ganglia (L-I to L-3), the sacral plexus (S-2 to S-4) and the inferior rectal nerve.
21. The method of Claim 20, wherein said third waveform signal is adapted to control said first subject's anal sphincter.
22. The method of Claim 20, wherein said third waveform signal is adapted to mediate peristaltic contraction of said first subject's gastrointestinal tract.
23. The method of Claim 15, wherein said first subject comprises a human.
24. The method of Claim 15, wherein said first subject comprises an animal.
25. A method for controlling gastrointestinal function, comprising the steps of:
monitoring the digestive system status of a subject and providing at least one digestive system status signal indicative of the status of said subject's digestive system;
capturing a first plurality of waveform signals generated in said subject's body, said first plurality of waveform signals including first waveform signals that are operative in the control of gastrointestinal function;
storing said digestive system status signal and said first waveform signals in a first location in a storage medium;
generating a second waveform signal based on said first waveform signals;
transmitting said second waveform signal to said subject in response to said digestive system status signal, said second waveform signal being operative in the control of gastrointestinal function.
26. The method of Claim 25, wherein said second waveform signal is transmitted to said subject's nervous system.
27. The method of Claim 26, wherein said second waveform signal is transmitted to a location of said subject's body selected from the group consisting of the pudendal nerve, the myenteric plexus, the rectal plexus, the hypogastric plexi, the intermesenteric plexus, the mesenteric ganglion/plexus, the rectal nerve, the splanchnic nerve, the lumbar chain ganglia (L-I to L-3), the sacral plexus (S-2 to S-4) and the inferior rectal nerve.
28. The method of Claim 27, wherein said second waveform signal is adapted to control said subject's anal sphincter.
29. The method of Claim 27, wherein said second waveform signal is adapted to mediate peristaltic contraction of said subject's gastrointestinal tract.
30. A method for controlling gastrointestinal function, comprising the steps of:
monitoring a subject's digestive system and providing at least one digestive system status signal indicative of the status of said subject's digestive system;
capturing a first plurality of waveform signals generated in said subject's body, said first plurality of waveform signals including first waveform signals that are operative in the control of gastrointestinal function;
extracting the waveform signal components from said first waveform signals;
storing said digestive system status signal, said first waveform signals and said waveform signal components in a storage medium;
generating a second waveform signal based on said first waveform signals;
transmitting said second waveform signal to said subject in response to said digestive system status signal, said second waveform signal being operative in the control of gastrointestinal function.
31. The method of Claim 30, wherein monitoring digestion of said subject comprises sensing stimulation of said subject's rectal stretch receptors.
32. The method of Claim 30, wherein said second waveform signal is transmitted to a location of said subject's body selected from the group consisting of the pudendal nerve, the myenteric plexus, the rectal plexus, the hypogastric plexi, the intermesenteric plexus, the mesenteric ganglion/plexus, the rectal nerve, the splanchnic nerve, the lumbar chain ganglia (L-I to L-3), the sacral plexus (S-2 to S-4) and the inferior rectal nerve.
33. The method of Claim 30, wherein said second waveform signal is adapted to control said subject's anal sphincter.
34. The method of Claim 30, wherein said second waveform signal is adapted to mediate peristaltic contraction of said subject's gastrointestinal tract.
35. A method for controlling gastrointestinal function, comprising the steps of:
monitoring a subject's digestive system and providing at least one digestive system status signal indicative of the status of said subject's digestive system, said status including an adverse digestive event;
capturing a first plurality of waveform signals generated in said subject's body, said first plurality of waveform signals including first waveform signals that are operative in the control of gastrointestinal function;
generating a confounding waveform signal, said confounding waveform signal being operative to mitigate said adverse digestive event in said subject's body;
transmitting said confounding waveform signal to said subject in response to a digestive system status signal indicative of said adverse digestive event.
36. The method of Claim 35, wherein said adverse digestive event is selected from the group consisting of incontinence, constipation and diarrhea.

37. A system for controlling gastrointestinal function, comprising:
at least a first signal probe adapted to capture waveform signals from a subject's body, said waveform signals being representative of waveform signals naturally generated in said body and operative in the control of gastrointestinal function;
a processor in communication with said signal probe and adapted to receive said waveform signals, said processor being further adapted to generate at least a first waveform signal based on said captured waveform signals, said first waveform signal being recognizable by the digestive system as a modulation signal; and
at least a second signal probe adapted to be in communication with said subject's body for transmitting said first waveform signal to said subject's body to control gastrointestinal function.
38. The system of Claim 37, wherein said processor includes a storage medium adapted to store said captured waveform signals.
39. The system of Claim 37, wherein said second signal probe is adapted to transmit said first waveform signal directly to said subject by direct conduction to said subject's nervous system.
40. A system for controlling gastrointestinal function, comprising:
a digestive system sensor adapted to monitor the status of a subject's digestive system and transmit at least a first digestive system status signal indicative of the status of the subject's digestive system;
at least a first signal probe adapted to capture waveform signals from said subject's body, said waveform signals being representative of waveform signals naturally generated in said body and operative in the control of gastrointestinal function;
a processor in communication with said signal probe and adapted to receive said digestive system status signal and said waveform signals, said processor being further adapted to generate at least a first waveform signal based on said captured waveform signals, said first waveform signal being recognizable by the digestive system as a modulation signal; and
at least a second signal probe adapted to be in communication with said subject's body for transmitting said first waveform signal to said subject's body to control gastrointestinal function.

41. The system of Claim 40, wherein said processor includes a storage medium adapted to store said captured waveform signals.
42. The system of Claim 40, wherein said second signal probe is adapted to transmit said first waveform signal directly to said subject by direct conduction to the subject's nervous system.