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1. WO2021043751 - ANTI-FOULING DEVICE FOR HEAT EXCHANGERS AND ITS USE

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[ EN ]

Claims

1. A device for reducing fouling in a heat exchanger tube comprising:

(a) an elongated displacement body configured to be inserted in the heat exchanger tube to reduce the flow cross-sectional area in a portion of the tube, and

(b) a mount connected to the elongated displacement body for attaching the device to an end of the heat exchanger tube, the mount being configured to hold the displacement body, when inserted into the tube, in a spaced relationship to the inner surface of the tube.

2. The anti-fouling device according to claim 1 , wherein the mount is configured to arrange the longitudinal axis of the displacement body substantially parallel to the main axis of the tube, preferably to centre the inserted displacement body along the main axis of the tube.

3. The anti-fouling device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the displacement body creates an annular gap between the outer surface of the displacement body and the inner wall of the tube in the mounted state, and/or wherein the displacement body has a shape, which is rotationally symmetric with respect to its longitudinal axis, preferably a cylindrical shape or a conical shape, and/or wherein the displacement body is a hollow body, wherein the hollow body optionally has a through hole for pressure equalisation.

4. The anti-fouling device according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the mount comprises a plurality of, preferably at least three, support members such as fins radially extending from the surface of the displacement body, wherein the support members optionally each have a recess at the side which is to face the heat exchanger tube, the recesses being configured to mate with the wall of the heat exchanger tube.

5. The anti-fouling device according to any one of the preceding claims further comprising one or more than one spacer on the surface of the displacement body, the spacer(s) preferably being arranged at or adjacent to the distal end of the displacement body with respect to the mount,

wherein preferably the spacer comprises a plurality of, such as at least three, guiding fins radially extending from the surface of the displacement body, and the fins are dimensioned such as to increase the effective circumference of the displacement body by the fins to be in a range from 95 to 99.9 % of the cross section of the heat exchanger tube.

6. The anti-fouling device according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the displacement body, the mount and/or the spacer(s) is/are made from stainless steel, and/or wherein the displacement body has a length in the range from 0.5 to 5 m and/or a cross-section of up to 20 cm.

7. A heat exchanger comprising:

(a) at least one tube having a first end as inlet for a process medium and a second end as outlet for the process medium,

(b) a shell through which the at least one tube extends, the shell forming a plenum for a flow of a heat exchanging fluid from an inlet provided in the shell to an outlet provided in the shell enabling an exchange of heat between the process medium and the heat exchanging fluid across the at least one tube,

(c) an anti-fouling device as defined in any one of claims 1 to 6 attached via the mount to one or more of the ends of at least one of the one or more tubes with the displacement body inserted in said tube in a spaced relationship to the inner surface of the tube to reduce the flow cross-sectional area in a portion of the tube.

8. The heat exchanger according to claim 7, wherein the flow cross- sectional area is reduced by the displacement body by from 10% up to 90% with respect to the flow cross-sectional area of the tube without inserted displacement body and/orwherein the displacement body extends over a length of up to 70% of the total length of the tube.

9. The heat exchanger according to any one of claims 7 or 8, wherein the one or more than one tubes are arranged substantially vertically, wherein preferably the at least one anti-fouling device is supported by the upper end of the respective tube to which it is attached via the mount and held in place by gravity.

10. A method for reducing fouling on an inner surface of a heat exchanger tube through which a hot process gas entraining condensed phase matter is passed for exchanging heat with a heat exchanging fluid on the outside of the tube, the method comprising providing the heat exchanger tube with an anti-fouling device as defined in any one of claims 1 to 6 attached via the mount to an end of the tube, such as the outlet end of the tube, with the displacement body inserted in said tube in a spaced relationship to the inner surface of the tube to reduce the flow cross-sectional area in a portion of the tube.

11. The method of claim 10, wherein the flow velocity of the process medium in the portion of the tube with the reduced flow cross- sectional is increased by the displacement body of the anti-fouling device to at least 50 m/s.

12. The method of claim 10 or 11 , wherein the hot process gas entraining particulate matter is an effluent obtained from a reactor for the production of carbon black and/or has an initial temperature in the range from 400°C to 1 ,200°C.

13. A process for manufacturing carbon black comprising:

Reacting a fuel with an oxidant to form a hot combustion gas,

Injecting a hydrocarbon feedstock in the hot combustion gas to form carbon black by pyrolysis of the feedstock in a reactor,

Quenching of the resulting carbon black containing process medium in the reactor,

Passing the quenched carbon black containing process medium through the one or more tubes of a heat exchanger according to any one of claims 7 to 9 thereby transferring heat from the process medium to a heat exchange medium, and

Separating and collecting the carbon black from the cooled process medium having passed the heat exchanger.

14. A carbon black production plant comprising a combustion reactor and a heat exchanger according to any one of claim 7 to 9.

15. Use of a device as defined in any one of claims 1 to 6 for retrofitting a tubular heat exchanger.