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1. (WO2005060620) CATALYSTS AND HYDROGEN STORAGE MATERIALS EXHIBITING QUANTUM EFFECTS
Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

CLAIMS
We claim:
1. A quantum limit catalyst comprising:
atomic aggregations, said atomic aggregations comprising an assembly of atoms of one or more elements, said atomic aggregations having a size, said size placing said atomic aggregations in the quantum limit, said quantum limit atomic aggregations having a property selected from the group consisting of atomic configuration, wavefunction overlap, bonding, and spatial distribution of electron density that differs from said property when said assembly of atoms is in the macroscopic Umit, said differing property modifying a catalytic property of said assembly of atoms.
2. The catalyst of claim 1, wherein said differing property is wavefunction overlap.
3. The catalyst of claim 1, wherein said differing property is spatial distribution of electron density.

4. The catalyst of claim 1, wherein said atomic aggregations comprise a transition metal.
5. The catalyst of claim 1, wherein said atomic aggregations comprise Fe, Mg, V, or Co.
6. The catalyst of claim 1, wherein said size of said atomic aggregations is less than or equal to 40 A. 7. The catalyst of claim 1, wherein said size of said atomic aggregations is less than or equal to 20 A.

8. The catalyst of claim 1, wherein said catalyst is a hydrogen storage material.
9. The catalyst of claim 8, wherein said catalytic property is hydrogen storage capacity.
10. The catalyst of claim 8, wherein said catalytic property is rate of hydrogen absorption.
11. The catalyst of claim 8, wherein said hydrogen storage material comprises Mg.
12. The catalyst of claim 11, wherein said catalyst absorbs hydrogen in its unactivated state.
13. The catalyst of claim 12, wherein said unactivated hydrogen storage material absorbs at least 4.5 wt.% hydrogen.
14. The catalyst of claim 12, wherein said unactivated hydrogen storage material absorbs at least 3.5 wt.% hydrogen.
15. The catalyst of claim 12, wherein said unactivated hydrogen storage material absorbs hydrogen at a temperature of 30 °C or above.
16. The catalyst of claim 15, wherein said unactivated hydrogen storage material absorbs at least 0.19 weigbt percent Uydrogen.
17. TUe catalyst of claim 12, wUerein said unactivated Uydrogen storage material absorbs hydrogen at a temperature of 50 °C or above.
18. The catalyst of claim 17, wherein said unactivated hydrogen storage material absorbs at least 0.43 weight percent hydrogen.
19. A catalytic material comprising:
a catalytic phase comprising particles of a catalytic material, said catalytic particles having a size distribution and an electronically active support matrix, said electronically active support matrix mechanically supporting said catalytic phase, said catalytic phase being dispersed in a spatial distribution on said electronically active support matrix;
wherein said electronically active support matiix interacts electronically with said catalytic phase, said electronic interaction originating from wavefunction overlap between said catalytic phase and said electronically active support matrix, said electronic interaction modifying a catalytic property of said catalytic phase relative to said catalytic property of said catalytic phase when supported on an inert support matiix.
20. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said catalytic phase comprises a transition metal.

21. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said catalytic phase comprises nickel.
22. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said electronically active support matrix comprises a metal oxide.
23. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said electronically active support matrix comprises a metal.
24. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said electionic interaction is a bonding type interaction. 25. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said electronic interaction is an anti-bonding type interaction.
26. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said electronic interaction is a donor- acceptor type interaction.
27. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said electionic interaction induces a perturbation in the magnitude or spatial distribution of electron density at or near the surface of said catalytic phase.

28. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said electronic interaction causes delocalization of electron density from said catalytic pUase to said electronically active support matrix.
29. TUe catalytic material of claim 19, wUerein said catalytic phase is non-catalytic when supported on said inert support matrix.
30. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said modified catalytic property of said catalytic phase supported on said electronically active support matrix is relative to said catalytic phase having said particle size distribution and dispersed in said spatial distribution when supported on said inert support matrix.
31. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said catalytic property is a chemical reaction rate. 32. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said catalytic property is selectivity.
33. The catalytic material of claim 19, wherein said modified catalytic property provides a faster chemical reaction rate at temperatures of 20 °C or below.