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1. (WO2015095792) CARBAMATE BENZOXAXINE PROPIONIC ACIDS AND ACID DERIVATIVES FOR MODULATION OF RORGAMMA ACTIVITY AND THE TREATMENT OF DISEASE
Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

CARBAMATE BENZOXAZINE PROPIONIC ACIDS AND ACID DERIVATIVES FOR MODULATION OF RORgamma ACTIVITY AND THE TREATMENT OF DISEASE

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention relates to certain benzoxazine compounds of the Formula

(I) (also referred to herein as the "compounds of the Formula (I)" or "compounds of Formula (I)") which are antagonists of a Thymocyte/T cell specific variant of Retinoic Acid Receptor-related Orphan Receptor (ROR), RORgammaT. The present invention also provides

compositions comprising such compounds, and methods of using such compounds for treating conditions or disorders associated with inappropriate RORgammaT activity, in particular in the treatment and prevention of disease states mediated by RORgammaT. Such disease states may include immune and inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease, and asthma.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] Upon activation by antigen-presenting cells, na'ive T helper cells undergo clonal expansion and will ultimately differentiate into cytokine secreting effector T cells, such as Thl and Th2 subtypes. A third and distinct effector subset has been identified, which plays a key role in providing immunity to bacteria and fungi at mucosal surfaces (Kastelein et al, Annu. Rev. Immunol. 25: 221-242, 2007). This effector T helper cell subset can be distinguished based on its ability to produce large quantities of IL-17/F, IL-21 and IL-22, and is named Thl 7 (Miossec et al, New Eng. J. Med. 361 : 888-898, 2009).

[0003] Different T helper subsets are characterized by the expression of lineage specific master transcription factors. Thl and Th2 effector cells express Tbet and GAT A3, respectively. A Thymocyte/T cell specific variant of Retinoic Acid Receptor-related Orphan Receptor (ROR),

RORgammaT, is highly expressed in Thl7 cells (He et al, Immunity 9: 797-806, 1998).

RORgammaT belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily (Hirose et al., Biochem.

Biophys. Res. Comm. 205: 1976-1983, 1994). RORgammaT is a truncated form of RORgamma, lacking the first N-terminal 21 amino acids and is, in contrast to RORgamma which is expressed in multiple tissues (heart, brain, kidney, lung, liver, and muscle), exclusively expressed in cells of the lymphoid lineage and embryonic lymphoid tissue inducers (Sun et al, Science 288: 2369- 2372, 2000; Eberl et al, Nat Immunol. 5: 64-73, 2004).

[0004] Studies using heterozygous knock-in mice replacing the RORgammaT open reading frame with GFP (green fluorescent protein) revealed a constitutive expression of GFP in approximately 10% of the CD4+ T cells in the small intestinal lamina propria (LP), co-expressing the Thl7 cytokines IL-17/F and IL-22 (Ivanov et al., Cell 126: 1121-1133, 2006). In mice deficient for RORgammaT, the number of Thl7 cells was markedly decreased in the LP; and in vitro stimulation of CD4+ T cells under Thl7 polarizing conditions resulted in a drastic decrease of IL-17 expression. These results were further substantiated via forced expression of RORgammaT in naive CD4+ T cells, which resulted in an induction of IL-17/F and IL-22 (Ivanov et al, Cell 126: 1121-1133, 2006). The foregoing studies demonstrate the importance of RORgammaT in differentiation and stabilization of the Thl7 lineage. In addition, a ROR family member, RORalpha, has been demonstrated to be involved in Thl7 differentiation and stabilization (Yang et al., Immunity 28: 29-39, 2008).

[0005] Recently, RORgammaT was shown to play a crucial role in non-Thl7 lymphoid cells. In these studies, RORgammaT was critically important in innate lymphoid cells expressing Thy 1 , SCA- 1 , and IL-23R proteins. Genetic disruption of RORgamma in a mouse colitis model dependent on these innate lymphoid cells prevented colitis development

(Buonocore et al, Nature 464: 1371-1375, 2010). In addition, RORgammaT was shown to play a crucial role in other non-Thl7 cells, such as mast cells (Hueber et al, J. Immunol. 184: 3336-3340, 2010). Finally, RORgammaT expression and secretion of Thl7-type of cytokines was reported for Lymphoid Tissue Inducer cells, NK T-cells, NK cells (Eberl et al, Nat. Immunol. 5: 64-73, 2004) and gamma-delta T-cells (Sutton et al, Immunity 31 : 331-341, 2009; Louten et al, J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 123: 1004-1011, 2009), suggesting an important function for

RORgammaT in these subtypes of cells.

[0006] Based on the role of IL-17 producing cells (either Thl7 or non-Thl7 cells) RORgammaT has been identified as a key mediator in the pathogenesis of several diseases (Louten et al., J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 123: 1004-1011, 2009; Annunziato et al., Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 5: 325-331, 2009). This was confirmed using several disease models representative of autoimmune diseases. Genetic ablation of the RORgamma gene in mice prevented the development of experimental autoimmune diseases, such as experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and colitis (Ivanov et al., Cell 126: 1121-33, 2006; Buonocore et al., Nature 464: 1371-1375, 2010).

[0007] With RORgammaT being a critical mediator in Thl7-cells and non-Thl7 cells, antagonism of the transcriptional activity of RORgammaT is expected to have a beneficial effect on autoimmune diseases, such as but not limited to rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), and asthma (Annunziato et al, Nat. Rev. Rheumatol. 5: 325-331, 2009; Louten et al, J. Allergy Clin.

Immunol. 123: 1004-1011, 2009). Antagonism of RORgammaT may also be beneficial in other diseases that are characterized by increased levels of Thl7 cells and/or elevated levels of Thl7 hallmark cytokines such as IL-17, IL-22 and IL-23. Examples of such diseases are Kawasaki Disease (Jia et al., Clin. Exp. Immunol. 162: 131-137, 2010) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (Figueroa-Vega et al, J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 95: 953-62, 2010). Another example includes infectious diseases, such as but not limited to mucosal leishmaniasis (Boaventura et al, Eur. J. Immunol. 40: 2830-2836, 2010). In each of the above examples the inhibition may be enhanced by simultaneous inhibition of RORalpha.

[0008] In another aspect, compounds of Formula (I) can be used in the treatment of cancer. Those skilled in the art will recognize the term "cancer" to be a name for diseases in which the body's cells become abnormal and divide without control. The term cancer includes, but is not limited to, colorectal, lung, and pancreatic cancer.

[0009] Compounds modulating RORgammaT have been reported. Examples of agonists include T0901317 and SR1078 (Wang et al, ACS Chem. Biol. 5: 1029-1034, 2010). In addition, antagonists have been reported such as 7-oxygenated sterols (Wang et al, J. Biol. Chem. 285: 5013-5025, 2010) and the compounds described in EP 2181710 Al .

[0010] Numerous immune and inflammatory disorders continue to afflict millions of patients worldwide. Although significant advances have been made in treating these disorders, current therapies do not provide satisfactory results for all patients due to, for example, detrimental side effects or insufficient efficacy. One exemplary immune disorder in need of better therapy is psoriasis. Various therapeutics have been developed in an attempt to treat psoriasis. However, the traditional therapies for psoriasis often have toxic adverse effects. An exemplary inflammatory disorder in need of better treatment is rheumatoid arthritis. Numerous therapeutics have been developed in an attempt to treat this disorder. However, some patients develop resistance to current therapies.

[0011] Accordingly, a need exists for improved treatments for immune disorders and inflammatory disorders. The present invention addresses this need and provides other related advantages.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0012] The present invention provides compounds that alter the interaction of coregulator proteins with RORgammaT and thereby antagonize RORgammaT-mediated transcriptional activity; pharmaceutical compositions comprising such compounds and pharmaceutically acceptable excipients; and the use of such compounds or such pharmaceutical compositions for the treatment of RORgammaT-mediated diseases or conditions, in particular autoimmune diseases and inflammatory diseases.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Definitions

[0013] The terms used herein have their ordinary meaning and the meaning of such terms is independent at each occurrence thereof. That notwithstanding and except where stated otherwise, the following definitions apply throughout the specification and claims. Chemical names, common names, and chemical structures may be used interchangeably to describe the same structure. If a chemical compound is referred to using both a chemical structure and a chemical name, and an ambiguity exists between the structure and the name, the structure predominates. These definitions apply regardless of whether a term is used by itself or in combination with other terms, unless otherwise indicated. Hence, the definition of "alkyl" applies to "alkyl" as well as the "alkyl" portions of "hydroxyalkyl," "fluoroalkyl," "-O-alkyl," etc.

[0014] As used herein, and throughout this disclosure, the following terms, unless otherwise indicated, shall be understood to have the following meanings:

[0015] A "patient" is a human or non-human mammal. In one embodiment, a patient is a human. In another embodiment, a patient is a chimpanzee.

[0016] The term "therapeutically effective amount" as used herein refers to an amount of the compound of Formula (I) and/or an additional therapeutic agent, or a composition thereof that is effective in producing the desired therapeutic, ameliorative, inhibitory, or preventative effect when administered to a patient suffering from a disease or condition mediated by

RORgammaT. In the combination therapies of the present invention, a therapeutically effective amount can refer to each individual agent or to the combination as a whole, wherein the amounts of all agents administered are together effective, but wherein the component agent of the combination may not be present individually in an effective amount.

[0017] The term "preventing," as used herein with respect to an inflammatory disease or disorder, refers to reducing the likelihood of an autoimmune or inflammatory disease or disorder.

[0018] The term "alkyl," as used herein, refers to an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having one of its hydrogen atoms replaced with a bond having the specified number of carbon atoms. In different embodiments, an alkyl group contains from 1 to 6 carbon atoms (Ci-C6 alkyl) or from 1 to 3 carbon atoms (C1-C3 alkyl). Non-limiting examples of alkyl groups include methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec -butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl, n-pentyl, neopentyl, isopentyl, n-hexyl, isohexyl, and neohexyl. In one embodiment, an alkyl group is linear. In another embodiment, an alkyl group is branched.

[0019] The term "fluoroalkyl," as used herein, refers to an alkyl group as defined above, wherein one or more of the alkyl group's hydrogen atoms has been replaced with a fluorine. In one embodiment, a fluoroalkyl group has from 1 to 6 carbon atoms. In another embodiment, a fluoroalkyl group has from 1 to 3 carbon atoms. In another embodiment, a fluoroalkyl group is substituted with from 1 to 3 fluorine atoms. Non- limiting examples of fluoroalkyl groups include -CH2F, -CHF2, and -CF3. The term "C1-C3 fluoroalkyl" refers to a fluoroalkyl group having from 1 to 3 carbon atoms.

[0020] The term "alkylene," as used herein, refers to an alkyl group, as defined above, wherein one of the alkyl group's hydrogen atoms has been replaced with a bond. Non- limiting examples of alkylene groups include -CH2-, -CH2CH2-, -CH2CH2CH2-, -CH2CH2CH2CH2-, -CH(CH3)CH2CH2-, -CH(CH3)-, and -CH2CH(CH3)CH2-. In one embodiment, an alkylene group has from 1 to about 6 carbon atoms (Ci-C6 alkylene). In another embodiment, an alkylene group has from 1 to 3 carbon atoms (Ci-C3 alkylene). In another embodiment, an alkylene group is branched. In another embodiment, an alkylene group is linear. In one embodiment, an alkylene group is -CH2-. The term "Ci-C3 alkylene" refers to an alkylene group having from 1 to 3 carbon atoms. Unless otherwise indicated, an alkylene group is unsubstituted.

[0021] The term "alkenyl," as used herein, refers to an aliphatic hydrocarbon group containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond and having one of its hydrogen atoms replaced with a bond. An alkenyl group may be straight or branched and contain from about 2 to about 15 carbon atoms. In one embodiment, an alkenyl group contains from about 2 to 4 carbon atoms. Non-limiting examples of alkenyl groups include ethenyl, propenyl, n-butenyl, 3-methylbut-2-enyl, n-pentenyl, octenyl, and decenyl. The term "C2-C6 alkenyl" refers to an alkenyl group having from 2 to 6 carbon atoms. The term "C2-C4 alkenyl" refers to an alkenyl group having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms. Unless otherwise indicated, an alkenyl group is unsubstituted.

[0022] The term "alkoxy," as used herein, refers to an -O-alkyl group, wherein an alkyl group is as defined above. Non-limiting examples of alkoxy groups include methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, and tert-butoxy. An alkoxy group is bonded via its oxygen atom to the rest of the molecule.

[0023] The term "aryl," as used herein, refers to an aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising from about 6 to about 14 carbon atoms. In one embodiment, an aryl group contains from about 6 to 10 carbon atoms (C6-Cio aryl). In another embodiment an aryl group is phenyl. Non-limiting examples of aryl groups include phenyl and naphthyl.

[0024] The term "carbocycle," as used herein, refers to a fully saturated, partially unsaturated, or an aromatic monocyclic or multicyclic ring system comprising from about 6 to 14 carbon atoms. In one embodiment, an aryl group contains from 3 to 10 carbon atoms (C3-C10 carbocycle). Non-limiting examples of carbocyclic groups include cycloalkyl and aryl groups, as defined herein. In specific embodiments, the carbocyclic groups are selected from

cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, phenyl, indanyl, naphthyl, and

tetrahy dronaphthy 1.

[0025] The term "cycloalkyl," as used herein, refers to a saturated ring containing the specified number of ring carbon atoms, and no heteroatom. In a like manner the term "C3-C6 cycloalkyl" refers to a saturated ring having from 3 to 6 ring carbon atoms. Non-limiting examples of monocyclic cycloalkyls include cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, and cyclohexyl.

[0026] The term "halo," as used herein, means -F, -CI, -Br or -I. In one embodiment, a halo group is -F or -CI. In another embodiment, a halo group is -F.

[0027] "Heterocyclyl" refers to a 4-, 5-, 6-, or 7-membered monocyclic ring or 8-, 9-, or

10-membered bicyclic ring, or 13- or 14-membered tricyclic ring, saturated, unsaturated or aromatic, containing 1, 2, 3, or 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N, or S, and the heterocyclyl may optionally be substituted with one to four substituents. The nitrogen or sulfur atom of the heterocyclyl can be optionally oxidized to the corresponding N-oxide, S-oxide, or S^S-dioxide. A heterocyclyl group can be joined to the rest of the molecule via a ring carbon or ring nitrogen atom. Representative heterocyclyls are as follows: azetidinyl, pyrrolidinyl, pyrrolyl,

tetrahydrofuran, imidazolyl, imidazolinyl, 1,3-oxazolidinyl, 1 ,2-oxazolidinyl, isoxazolyl, 1,2,4-oxadiazolyl, 1,3,4-oxadiazolyl, tetrahydropyranyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrrolopyrazine, pyrrolopyridine, and indolyl.

[0028] The term "substituted" means that one or more hydrogens on the designated atom/atoms is/are replaced with a selection from the indicated group, provided that the designated atom's normal valency under the existing circumstances is not exceeded, and that the substitution results in a stable compound. Combinations of substituents and/or variables are permissible only if such combinations result in stable compounds. By "stable compound" or "stable structure" is meant a compound that is sufficiently robust to survive isolation from a reaction mixture to a useful degree of purity, and formulation into an efficacious therapeutic agent.

[0029] When any substituent or variable occurs more than one time in any constituent or in the compound of Formula (I), its definition on each occurrence is independent of its definition at every other occurrence, unless otherwise indicated.

[0030] When an integer defining the presence of a certain number of atoms in a group is equal to zero, it means that the atoms adjacent thereto are connected directly by a bond; for

example, in the
s wherein s is an integer equal to zero, 1 or 2, the structure

is T when s is zero; or it means that the indicated atom is absent; for example, -S(0)o-means -S-.

[0031] The term "in purified form," as used herein, refers to the physical state of a compound after the compound has been isolated through a synthetic process (e.g., from a reaction mixture), from a natural source, or a combination thereof. The term "in purified form" also refers to the physical state of a compound after the compound has been obtained from a purification process or processes described herein or well-known to the skilled artisan (e.g., chromatography, recrystallization, and the like), in sufficient purity to be characterizable by standard analytical techniques described herein or well-known to the skilled artisan.

[0032] It should also be noted that any carbon as well as heteroatom with unsatisfied valences in the text, schemes, examples, and tables herein is assumed to have the sufficient number of hydrogen atom(s) to satisfy the valences.

[0033] One or more compounds of the invention may exist in unsolvated as well as solvated forms with pharmaceutically acceptable solvents such as water, ethanol, and the like, and it is intended that the invention embrace both solvated and unsolvated forms. "Solvate" means a physical association of a compound of this invention with one or more solvent molecules. This physical association involves various degrees of ionic and covalent bonding, including hydrogen bonding. In certain instances the solvate will be capable of isolation, for example when one or more solvent molecules are incorporated in the crystal lattice of the crystalline solid. "Solvate" encompasses both solution-phase and isolatable solvates. Non-limiting examples of suitable solvates include ethanolates, methanolates, and the like. "Hydrate" is a solvate wherein the solvent molecule is H20.

[0034] The compounds of Formula (I) may contain one or more stereogenic centers and can thus occur as racemates, racemic mixtures, single enantiomers, diastereomeric mixtures, and individual diastereomers. Additional asymmetric centers may be present depending upon the nature of the various substituents on the molecule. Each such asymmetric center will independently produce two optical isomers and it is intended that all of the possible optical isomers and diastereomers in mixtures and as pure or partially purified compounds are included within the ambit of this invention. Any formulas, structures, or names of compounds described in this specification that do not specify a particular stereochemistry are meant to encompass any and all existing isomers as described above and mixtures thereof in any proportion. When stereochemistry is specified, the invention is meant to encompass that particular isomer in pure form or as part of a mixture with other isomers in any proportion.

[0035] Diastereomeric mixtures can be separated into their individual diastereomers on the basis of their physical chemical differences by methods well known to those skilled in the art, such as, for example, by chromatography and/or fractional crystallization. Enantiomers can be separated by converting the enantiomeric mixture into a diastereomeric mixture by reaction with an appropriate optically active compound (e.g. , chiral auxiliary such as a chiral alcohol or Mosher's acid chloride), separating the diastereomers, and converting (e.g., hydrolyzing) the individual diastereomers to the corresponding pure enantiomers. Also, some of the compounds of Formula (I) may be atropisomers (e.g., substituted biaryls) and are considered as part of this invention. Enantiomers can also be separated by use of chiral HPLC column.

[0036] It is also possible that the compounds of Formula (I) may exist in different tautomeric forms, and all such forms are embraced within the scope of the invention.

[0037] All stereoisomers (for example, geometric isomers, optical isomers, and the like) of the present compounds (including stereoisomers of salts and solvates of the present compounds as well as stereoisomers of salts, solvates, and esters of prodrugs of the present compounds), such as those that may exist due to asymmetric carbons on various substituents, including enantiomeric forms (which may exist even in the absence of asymmetric carbons), rotameric forms, atropisomers, and diastereomeric forms, are contemplated within the scope of this invention. Individual stereoisomers of the compounds of the invention may, for example, be substantially free of other isomers, or may be admixed, for example, as racemates or with all other, or other selected, stereoisomers. The chiral centers of the present invention can have the S or R configuration as defined by the IUPAC 1974 Recommendations.

[0038] It is also noted that the compounds of Formula (I) can be chemically modified to yield prodrugs of the compounds of the compounds of Formula (I). For example, a carboxylic acid moiety present on R3 of the compounds of Formula (I) can be reacted to prepare esters with certain moieties. Such prodrugs of the compounds of Formula (I) can transform in vivo to yield a compound of Formula (I). The transformation may occur by various mechanisms {e.g., by metabolic or chemical processes), such as, through hydrolysis in blood. A discussion of the use of prodrugs is provided by T. Higuchi and W. Stella, "Pro-drugs as Novel Delivery Systems," Vol. 14 of the A.C.S. Symposium Series, and in Bioreversible Carriers in Drug Design, ed. Edward B. Roche, American Pharmaceutical Association and Pergamon Press, 1987.

[0039] The compounds of Formula (I) can form salts which are also within the scope of this invention. Reference to a compound of Formula (I) herein is understood to include reference to salts thereof, unless otherwise indicated. The term "salt(s)," as employed herein, denotes acidic salts formed with inorganic and/or organic acids, as well as basic salts formed with inorganic and/or organic bases. In addition, when a compound of Formula (I) contains both a basic moiety, such as but not limited to a pyridine or imidazole, and an acidic moiety, such as but not limited to a carboxylic acid, zwitterions ("inner salts") may be formed and are included within the term "salt(s)" as used herein. Such acidic and basic salts used within the scope of the invention are pharmaceutically acceptable (i.e., non-toxic, physiologically acceptable) salts. Salts of the compounds of Formula (I) may be formed, for example, by reacting a compound of Formula (I) with an amount of acid or base, such as an equivalent amount, in a medium such as one in which the salt precipitates or in an aqueous medium followed by lyophilization.

[0040] Exemplary acid addition salts include acetates, ascorbates, benzoates, benzenesulfonates, bisulfates, borates, butyrates, citrates, camphorates, camphorsulfonates, fumarates, hydrochlorides, hydrobromides, hydroiodides, lactates, maleates, methanesulfonates, naphthalenesulfonates, nitrates, oxalates, phosphates, propionates, salicylates, succinates, sulfates, tartarates, thiocyanates, toluenesulfonates (also known as tosylates), and the like.

Additionally, acids that are generally considered suitable for the formation of pharmaceutically useful salts from basic pharmaceutical compounds are discussed, for example, by P. Stahl et al, Camille G. (eds.) Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts. Properties, Selection and Use. (2002) Zurich: Wiley-VCH; S. Berge et al, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (1977) 66(1) 1-19; P. Gould, InternationalJ. of Pharmaceutics (1986) 33 201-217; Anderson et al, The Practice of

Medicinal Chemistry (1996), Academic Press, New York; and in The Orange Book (Food & Drug Administration, Washington, D.C. on their website). These disclosures are incorporated herein by reference.

[0041] Exemplary basic salts include ammonium salts, alkali metal salts such as sodium, lithium, and potassium salts, alkaline earth metal salts such as calcium and magnesium salts, salts with organic bases (for example, organic amines) such as dicyclohexylamines, t-butyl amines, and salts with amino acids such as arginine, lysine, and the like. Basic nitrogen-containing groups may be quaternized with agents such as lower alkyl halides {e.g., methyl, ethyl, and butyl chlorides, bromides, and iodides), dialkyl sulfates {e.g., dimethyl, diethyl, and dibutyl sulfates), long chain halides {e.g., decyl, lauryl, and stearyl chlorides, bromides and iodides), aralkyl halides {e.g., benzyl and phenethyl bromides), and others.

[0042] The present invention further includes the compounds of Formula (I) in all their isolated forms. For example, the above-identified compounds are intended to encompass all forms of the compounds, such as any solvates, hydrates, stereoisomers, and tautomers thereof.

[0043] As used herein, the term "composition" is intended to encompass a product comprising the specified ingredients in the specified amounts, as well as any product that results, directly or indirectly, from combination of the specified ingredients in the specified amounts.

[0044] In the compounds of generic Formula (I), the atoms may exhibit their natural isotopic abundances, or one or more of the atoms may be artificially enriched in a particular isotope having the same atomic number, but an atomic mass or mass number different from the atomic mass or mass number predominantly found in nature. The present invention is meant to include all suitable isotopic variations of the compounds of generic Formula (I). For example, different isotopic forms of hydrogen (H) include protium (iH) and deuterium (¾). Protium is the predominant hydrogen isotope found in nature. Enriching for deuterium may afford certain therapeutic advantages, such as increasing in vivo half-life or reducing dosage requirements, or may provide a compound useful as a standard for characterization of biological samples. In light of the present disclosure, isotopically-enriched compounds within generic Formula (I) can be prepared without undue experimentation by conventional techniques well known to those skilled in the art or by processes analogous to those described in the examples herein using appropriate isotopically-enriched reagents and/or intermediates.

Compounds of the Invention

[0045] The present invention provides a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1, R2, Ral, Ra2, Rbl, Rb2, Rc, Rd, and Cy are as defined below.

Described below are embodiments of the compound of Formula (I). The compounds of the Formulas (IA), (IB), and (IC), shown below, are embodiments of the compound of Formula (I).

[0046] In embodiment no. 1, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I),


or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

R1 is H or C1-C3 alkyl,

R2 is H, C1-C3 alkyl, or halo;

Ral and Ra2 are independently H, C1-C3 alkyl, trifluoromethyl, or cyclopropyl;

Rbl and Rb2 are independently H, C1-C3 alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, hydroxymethyl, or cyclopropyl;

alternatively:

(a.) Ral and Rbl together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached form a C3- C6 cycloalkyl ring;

(b.) Ral and Rbl together form a second bond; or

(c.) Rbl and Rb2 together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached form a C3- C6 cycloalkyl

Rc is

H or

Ci-C6 alkyl;

Rd is

Ci-Cg alkyl, wherein said Ci-Cg alkyl of Rd is unsubstituted or independently substituted by 1 to 6 halo, C1-C3 alkoxy, hydroxy, cyano, trimethylsilyl, or methylsulfonyl;

C2-C8 alkenyl, wherein said C2-C8 alkenyl of Rd is unsubstituted or independently substituted by 1 to 6 fluoro or cyano;

a group of the formula -M-R ;

M is

(i.) a bond; or

(ii.) Ci-C6 alkylene, wherein said Ci-C6 alkylene of M is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 to 6 fluoro;

R is a ring selected from the group consisting of

(i.) C3-C9 mono- or bicycloalkyl;

(ii.) phenyl; and

(iii.) a 3- to 6-membered heterocyclyl, wherein said heterocyclyl of R

contains 1 to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of N, O, and S;

wherein R is unsubstituted or independently substituted by 1 to 4 halo,

C1-C3 alkyl, C1-C3 trifluoroalkyl, cyano, C1-C4 alkylcarbonylamino, or oxo;

(a.) phenyl;

(b.) a 5- to 7-membered, monocyclic heterocyclyl containing 1 to 3 heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of N, O, and S; or

(c.) C3-C6 cycloalkyl;

wherein Cy is unsubstituted or independently substituted by 1 to 4 Rk moieties selected from the group consisting of:

(i.) Ci-C6 alkyl, wherein said Ci-C6 alkyl is unsubstituted or independently substituted by 1 to 3 hydroxy or fluoro;

(ii.) Ci-C6 alkoxy, wherein said Ci-C6 alkoxy is unsubstituted or

independently substituted by 1 to 3 fluoro, hydroxy, methoxy, or phenyl; (iii.) -N(Re)2;

(iv.) -0(CH2)nlC(0)N(Re)2;

(v.) -0(CH2)n2C02Rf;

(vi.) hydroxyl;

(vii.) oxo;

(viii.) halo;

(ix.) C1-C3 alkylsulfonyl;

(x.) cyano;

(xi.) oxetanyl;

(xii.) cyclopropyl; and

(xiii.) -SF5;

or alternatively, two Rk moieties, when substituted on adjacent ring atoms of Cy, form a second ring, wherein said second ring is a 5- to 7-membered saturated, partially saturated, or aromatic ring system that contains 0, 1, or 2 heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of N, O, and S; wherein said second ring is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 to 3 Rk moieties independently selected from (i)-(xiii);

each Re is independently H or C1-C3 alkyl,

Rf is H or Ci-C3 alkyl;

the subscript nl is 1, 2, or 3; and

the subscript n2 is 1, 2, or 3.

[0047] In embodiment no. 2, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein

Ral and Ra2 are H, and the remaining variables are as set forth in embodiment no. 1.

[0048] In embodiment no. 3, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein wherein Rbl is H, Ral and Ra2 are H, and the remaining variables are as set forth in embodiment no. 1.

[0049] In embodiment no. 4, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein

R1 is H, and the remaining variables are as set forth in embodiment no. 1.

[0050] In embodiment no. 5, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein Ral and Rbl together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached form a C3-C6 cycloalkyl

ring, such that the group
forms a group , wherein the subscript tl is 1, 2, 3, or 4; and the remaining variables are as set forth in embodiment no. 1.

[0051] In embodiment no. 6, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein

Ral and Rbl form a second bond, such that the group
forms a group


or Ra2 ; and the remaining variables are as set forth in embodiment no.

1.

[0052] In embodiment no. 7, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein

Rbl and Rb2 together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached form a C3-C6 cycloalkyl ring, such that the group
forms a group , wherein the subscript t2 is 1, 2, 3, or 4; and the remaining variables are as set forth in embodiment no. 1.

[0053] In embodiment no. 8, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein

R1 is methyl, and the remaining variables are as set forth in embodiment no. 1.

[0054] In embodiment no. 9, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein

Rd is Ci-Cg alkyl, wherein said Ci-Cg alkyl of Rd is unsubstituted or independently substituted by

1 to 6 halo, C1-C3 alkoxy, hydroxy, cyano, trimethylsilyl, or methylsulfonyl.

[0055] In embodiment no. 10, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I),


wherein Rd is , and the remaining variables are as set forth in embodiment no. 1.

[0056] In embodiment no. 11, the invention rovides a compound of Formula (I)

wherein Cy is a group of the formula
or , wherein the subscript s is 0, 1,

2, or 3, and the remaining variables are as set forth in embodiment no. 1.

[0057] In embodiment no. 12, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I), wherein

R1 is H or methyl;

R2 is H or halo;

Ral and Ra2 are independently H or C1-C3 alkyl;

Rbl and Rb2 are independently H or C1-C3 alkyl;

Rc is H;

Rd is Ci-Cg alkyl, wherein said Ci-Cg alkyl of Rd is unsubstituted or independently substituted by 1 to 6 halo, C1-C3 alkoxy, hydroxy, cyano, trimethylsilyl, or methylsulfonyl;


and

Rk is as set forth in embodiment no. 1.

[0058] In embodiment no. 13, the invention provides a compound of Formula (I) as set forth in any one of embodiments nos. 1-12, wherein the compound of Formula (I) has the Formula (IA)


[0059] In embodiment no. 14, the invention provides a compound of Formula (IB),


wherein


R2 is H or F;

the subscript s is 0, 1, 2, or 3;

Rbl and Rb2 are independently H or CH3;

Rdl is CH3, CHF2, CH2F, or CF3; and

Rk is as set forth in embodiment no. 1.

[0060] In embodiment no. 15, the invention provides a compound of Formula (IB), wherein each Rk is independently:

(i.) Ci-C6 alkyl, wherein said Ci-C6 alkyl is unsubstituted or independently

substituted by 1 to 3 hydroxy or fluoro;

(ii.) Ci-C6 alkoxy, wherein said Ci-C6 alkoxy is unsubstituted or independently

substituted by 1 to 3 fluoro, hydroxy, methoxy, or phenyl;

(iii). a halo selected from fluoro or chloro; or

(iv.) cyano; or

alternatively, two Rk moieties, when substituted on adjacent ring atoms of Cy, form said second ring, wherein said second ring is a 5- to 6-membered partially saturated or aromatic ring system that contains 0 or 1 N atom; wherein said second ring is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 to 2 Rk moieties independently selected from (i)-(iv); and

the remaining variables are as set forth as in embodiment no. 14.

[0061] In embodiment no. 16, the invention provides a compound of Formula (IB), wherein Cy is:


; wherein

the subscript p is 1 or 2;

the subscript s is 0, 1, or 2;

Rk is as set forth in embodiment no. 15; and

R2 Rbl, Rb2, and Rdl are as set forth in embodiment no. 14.

[0062] In embodiment no. 17, the invention provides a compound of Formula (IB)

wherein Cy is
d R 4 are independently F, CI, CF3, methyl, methoxy, cyclopropyl, or cyano; and

R2 Rbl, Rb2, and Rdl are as set forth in embodiment no. 14.

[0063] In embodiment no. 18, the invention provides a compound of Formula (IB)

wherein Cy is
wherein R :> is F, CI, CF3, methyl, methoxy, cyclopropyl, or cyano; and

R2 Rbl, Rb2, and Rdl are as set forth in embodiment no. 14.

[0064] In embodiment no. 19, the invention provides a compound of Formula (IB)


wherein Cy is , wherein

Rkl is Ci-C6 alkyl or CH2CH2OH;

Rk is Ci-C3 alkyl or CHF2; and

R2 Rbl, Rb2, and Rdl are as set forth in embodiment no. 14.

[0065] In embodiment no. 20, the invention provides a compound of Formula (IB)


wherein Cy is , wherein Rk2 is Ci-C3 alkyl or CHF2; and

R2 Rbl, Rb2, and Rdl are as set forth in embodiment no. 14.

[0066] In embodiment no. 21, the invention provides a compound of Formula (IB)

wherein Cy

Rkl is Ci-C6 alkyl or CH2CH2OH; and

R2 Rbl, Rb2, and Rdl are as set forth in embodiment no. 14.

[0067] In embodiment no. 22, the invention provides a compound of Formula (IB) wherein Rdl is CF3; and

Cy, R2 Rbl, Rb2, and Rdl are as set forth in embodiment no. 14.

[0068] In embodiment no. 23, the invention provides a compound of Formula (IB) wherein Rdl is CF3; and

Cy is as set forth in any one of embodiment nos. 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, or 21; and

R2 Rbl, Rb2, and Rdl are as set forth in embodiment no. 14.

[0069] In embodiment no. 24, the invention provides a compound as set forth in any one of embodiment nos. 14-23, wherein the compound of Formula (IB) has the Formula (IC):


[0070] In embodiment no. 25, the invention provides a compound as set forth in embodiment no. 1, wherein

Ral and Ra2 are independently H, Ci-C3 alkyl, or trifluoromethyl;

Rbl and Rb2 are independently H, Ci-C3 alkyl, trifluoromethyl, or hydroxyl;

alternatively:

(a.) Ral and Rbl together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached form a C3- C6 cycloalkyl ring;

(b.) Ral and Rbl together form a second bond; or

(c.) Rbl and Rb2 together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached form a C3- C6 cycloalkyl ring; and

Rk is selected from the group of moieties (i.)-(xii.) as set forth in embodiment no. 1, or alternatively, two Rk moieties, when substituted on adjacent ring atoms of Cy, form a second ring, wherein said second ring is a 5- to 7-membered saturated, partially saturated, or aromatic ring system that contains 0, 1, or 2 heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of N, O, and S; wherein said second ring is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 to 3 Rk moieties independently selected from (i)-(xii).

[0071] In embodiment no. 26, the compound is selected from any one of the compounds described in Examples 1-30 (or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof).

[0072] In embodiment no. 27, the compound is selected from any one of the following compounds (or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof):

(<S)-ethyl 3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate;

(iS)-ethyl 3-(6-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate;

(5)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(i?)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(iS)-ethyl 3-(6-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate;

(R)-ethyl 3-((5)-4-((3-methoxy- 1 ,5-dimethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate;

(S)-ethyl 3-((S)-4-((3-methoxy-l ,5-dimethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate;

(S)-ethyl 3-((S)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate;

(R)-ethyl 3-((5)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 , 1 -trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate;

(S)-ethyl 3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate;

(R)-ethyl 3-((5)-4-((4-fiuoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[0][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-

methylpropanoate;

(iS)-ethyl 3-(4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate;

(5)-ethyl 3-(6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate;

(<S)-ethyl 3-(4-((3-methoxy- 1 ,5-dimethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate;

(S)-ethyl 3-(4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate

(S)-3 -(4-((4-fluoro-3 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(i?)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(iS)-3-(6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-methoxy- 1 ,5-dimethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(i?)-3-((5)-4-((3-methoxy-l ,5-dimethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trif uoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(5)-3 -((5)-4-((3 -methoxy- 1 ,5 -dimethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trif uoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

( ?)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trif uoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(5)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-l -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trif uoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(i?)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trif uoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trif uoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-

methylpropanoic acid;

(5)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-((3-cyanophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3 -(4-((3 ,4-difluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)su^

yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((2-methoxy-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l ,2-b]pyrazol-3-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-chlorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-(m-tolylsulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(iS)-3-(6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((2-methoxy-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-bromophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-

yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-((l -(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-cyclopropylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((4-chlorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-5-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-5-((2-(2-carboxyethyl)-6-((((l , 1 , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-4(3H)-yl)sulfonyl)-6-chloroimidazo[2,l-¾]thiazole;

(5)-3-(4-((2-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3,4-dichlorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-chloro-5-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-2-((2-(2-carboxyethyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)- 2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-4(3H)-yl)sulfonyl)-5-chloropyridine;

(5)-3-(4-((4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((2-chloro-5-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((2-methoxy-4-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-4-((2-(2-carboxyethyl)-6-((((l , 1 , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-4(3H)-yl)sulfonyl)-l-(2,2-difluoroethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole;

(5)-4-((2-(2-carboxyethyl)-6-((((l , 1 , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-4(3H)-yl)sulfonyl)-3-(2,2-difluoroethoxy)-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole;

(S)-3 -(4-((3 -fluoro-5 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3 -(4-((3 ,5 -bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-4-((2-(2-carboxyethyl)-6-((((l , 1 , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)- 2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-4(3H)-yl)sulfonyl)-2-methoxypyridine;

(5)-3-(4-((2,4-difluoro-5-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-4-((2-(2-carboxyethyl)-6-((((l , 1 , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-4(3H)-yl)sulfonyl)-l-(difluoromethyl)-3-methyl-lH-pyrazole;

(5)-3-(4-((2-chloro-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3-(4-((4-fluoro-3,5-dimethylphenyl)sulfo^

yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((2-chloro-4-fluoro-5-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3 -(4-((3 -(difluoromethoxy)- 1 -ethyl- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

3-[(2S)-4- {[3-(pentafluoro-lambda~6~- sulfanyl)phenyl]sulfonyl} -6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 ,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino}-3,4-dihydro-2H-l ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -isopropyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or S)-3 -((S)-4-((3 -chloro- 1 -cyclopropyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or S)-3-((S)-4-(( 1 -(difluoromethyl)-3 -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1-trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((l -(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 ,1-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((3-(difluoromethoxy)-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or S)-3-((S)-4-((l -(2,2-difluoroethyl)-3-ethoxy- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 ,1-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((3-(2,2-difluoroethoxy)-l -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 ,1-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((2-methoxy-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l ,2-¾]pyrazol-3-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((2-methoxy-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl)-6- (((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((2-chloro-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((5-ethoxy-2-ethylthiazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((2-cyclopropyl-5-ethoxythiazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((2-ethyl-5-isopropoxythiazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((2-ethyl-5-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)thiazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3 -(4-((3 -chloro- 1 -isopropyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-3 -(4-((3 -chloro- 1 -cyclopropyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

3-[(2S)-4-[(5-bromopyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino}-3,4-dihydro-2H-l ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(5-cyclopropylpyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3 -[(2S)-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl] amino} -4- {[6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]sulfonyl}-3,4-dihydro-2H-l ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(5-methylpyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl]-6- { [(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(5-methoxypyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl]-6- { [(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3 - [(2S)-4- [(3 -cyclopropyl-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl] -6- { [(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-(4- { [ 1 -ethyl-3-(2-hydroxyethoxy)- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]sulfonyl} -6- { [(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

3-(4-[(3-ethoxy- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 ,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

3-[(2S)-4-[(5-ethoxy-2-ethyl- 1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 ,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(2S)-4-[(2-cyclopropyl-5-ethoxy- 1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 ,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4- {[5-ethoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)- 1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl]sulfonyl} -6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 ,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4- {[2-ethyl-5-(l -methylethoxy)- 1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl]sulfonyl} -6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 ,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4- {[2-ethyl-5-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)-l ,3-thiazol-4-yl]sulfonyl}-6-{[(2,2,2-trifluoro-1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3 - [(2S)-4- [(5 -cyclopropyl-2-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl] -6- { [(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-2-methyl-3-((5)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4- ((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-2-methyl-3-((iS)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-2-methyl-3-((5)-4-(m-tolylsulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-((5)-4-((3-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(S or R)-3-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

S or i?)-3-((5)-4-((3-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(S or i?)-2-methyl-3-((5)-4-(m-tolylsulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-methyl-3-((iS)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-2-methyl-3-((S)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3 -(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpra^

2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2 -methylpropanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2 -methylpropanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-((5)-4-((3-cyclopropylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or iS)-2-methyl-3-((S)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((S)-4-((3-cyclopropylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(S or R)-2 -methyl-3-((5)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4- ((5 -(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3 -yl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-2-methyl-3-((5)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((5 -(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3 -yl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-methyl-3-((5)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-methyl-3-((5)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((2-cyclopropylpyridin-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2 -methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((2-cyclopropylpyridin-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l -(difluoromethyl)- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l -(difluoromethyl)- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(i?)-2-(((5)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(5)-2-(((iS)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(5)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-l -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-cyclopropylpropanoic acid;

( ?)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-cyclopropylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((3-cyclopropylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((3-cyclopropylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or S)-2-(((S)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or S)-2-(((S)-4-((3 -ethoxy- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or S)-2-(((S)-4-((3 -ethoxy- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((l-ethyl-3-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-(((5)-4-((l-ethyl-3-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , l , l-trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or S)-2-(((S)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((2-(trif uoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(R or S)-2-(((S)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((2- (trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid;

(S or i?)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((3-ethoxy- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or R)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((S)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or S)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((S)-4-((3-ethoxy- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro- 2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((l-ethyl-3-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((l-ethyl-3-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R)-3 -(4-((4-fluoro-3 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(i?)-3-(4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

( ?)-3-(4-((3-ethoxy-l -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan- 2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(i?)-3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3 -(4-((4-fluoro-3 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan- 2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(iS)-3-(4-((3-ethoxy- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(5)-3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(i?)-3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)-3 -(4-((4-fluoro-3 -methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(i?)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(5-cyanopyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 ,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(3-chloro-l-cyclopropyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro-l ,l-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(2S)-4- {[1 -(difluoromethyl)-3-methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]sulfonyl} -6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 ,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(5-ethoxy-2-ethyl- 1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 ,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(2-cyclopropyl-5-ethoxy- 1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 ,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4- {[2-ethyl-5-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)-l ,3-thiazol-4-yl]sulfonyl}-6-{[(2,2,2-trifluoro-1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(2S)-4- {[2-ethyl-5-(l -methylethoxy)- 1 ,3-thiazol-4-yl]sulfonyl} -6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4- { [3-chloro- 1 -( 1 -methylethyl)- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]sulfonyl} -6- { [(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4- { [ 1 -(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]sulfonyl} -6- { [(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4- { [3-(difluoromethoxy)- 1 -ethyl- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]sulfonyl} -6- { [(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-{[l-(2,2-difluoroethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]sulfonyl}-6-{[(2,2,2-trifluoro-1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4- {[3-(2,2-difluoroethoxy)- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]sulfonyl} -6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro-1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(2-chloro-4, 5,6, 7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl] amino } -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl] -2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(2-methoxy-4, 5,6, 7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-3-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl] amino } -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl] -2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(2-methoxy-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l ,2-b]pyrazol-3-yl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl] amino } -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl] -2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(S)- 1 -((6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(R)- 1 -((6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(S)- 1 -((4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(S)- 1 -((4-((3-cyclopropylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(R)- 1 -((4-((4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(R)- 1 -((4-((3-cyclopropylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(S)- 1 -((4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan- 2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(R)- 1 -((4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(S)- 1 -((4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(R)- 1 -((4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(S and i?)-2-hydroxy-3 -((5)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(5)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-l -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(i?)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(5)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(5)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid;

(i?)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((5)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-((5)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R and S)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxypropanoic acid;

(R or 5)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-((5)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(R and 5)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxypropanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((5)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((5)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoic acid;

(R)-3-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoic acid;

(5)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoic acid;

(i?)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- IH-pyrazol- 4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylpropanoic acid;

(5)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- IH-pyrazol- 4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylpropanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 ,1-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 ,1-trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

(S or i?)-3-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

( li?,25)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3 -(trifluoromethyl)pheny l)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(l^,2i?)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluo methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

( li?,2i?)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(l^,25)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

( 1 S,2S)-2-((S)-4-tosyl-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

( li?,2i?)-2-((iS)-4-tosyl-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(15',2i?)-2-((5)-4-tosyl-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3, 4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

( li?,25)-2-((iS)-4-tosyl-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

( li?,25)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3 -methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(li?,2i?)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(li?,25)-2-((5)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

( li?,2i?)-2-((5)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(15',25)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2 -methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

( 1 S,2i?)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3 -methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

( lS,2S)-2-((S)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

(1^,2^)-2-((5)-4-((3-ΰΜθΓθ-1-ε 1-1^ρ Γ&ζο1-4- 1)8ώ&η 1)-6-((((1 , 1 ,1-ίπΑυοΓθ-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid;

3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((((5)- 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-3,3-dimethylbutan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((((i?)- 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-3,3-dimethylbutan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

3- {(25)-4-[(4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-6-[({[l- (trifluoromethyl)cyclopropyl]methoxy } carbonyl)amino] -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl}propanoic acid;

3-{(25)-4-[(4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-6-[({[l-(trifluoromethyl)cyclobutyl]oxy}carbonyl)amino]-3,4-dihydro-2H-l,4-benzoxazin-2-yl}propanoic acid;

3-{(2S)-4-[(4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-6-[({[(lS or 1R)-1,2,2-trimethylpropyl]oxy} carbonyl)amino]-3,4-dihydro-2H-l ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl}propanoic acid;

3-{(2S)-4-[(4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-6-[({[(lS or 1R)-1,2,2-trimethylpropyl]oxy} carbonyl)amino]-3,4-dihydro-2H-l ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl}propanoic acid;

3-{(25)-4-[(4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-6-[({[l-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohexyl]oxy} carbonyl)amino]-3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl}propanoic acid;

3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((((i? and S)-l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylbutan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

3-((2S,3R)-3-methyl-6-((((l , 1 , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

3-((25,3S)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-((25,3R)-4-((3-chloro-l -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-((2R,3R)-4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-((2R,3S)-4-((3-chloro-l -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(2i?,35)-4-[(4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-3-methyl-6-{[(2,2,2-trifluoro-l,l-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

3-[(2^,3i?)-4-[(4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-3-methyl-6-{[(2,2,2-trifluoro-l,l-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid;

(5)-3-(8-fluoro-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-8-fluoro-4-[(4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-8-fluoro-4-[(4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro- 1,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(3-chloro-l -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl]-8-fiuoro-6- {[(2,2,2-trifiuoro- 1,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(3-ethoxy- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl]-8-fiuoro-6- {[(2,2,2-trifluoro-l , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-8-fluoro-6- {[(2,2,2-trifiuoro- 1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -4- {[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]sulfonyl} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(3-chloro-4-fiuorophenyl)sulfonyl]-8-fluoro-6-{[(2,2,2-trifluoro-l,l-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-4-[(3-cyclopropylphenyl)sulfonyl]-8-fluoro-6- {[(2,2,2-trifiuoro- 1,1-dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -3 ,4-dihydro-2H- 1 ,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-8-fluoro-6- {[(2,2,2-trifiuoro- 1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -4- {[2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl]sulfonyl}-3,4-dihydro-2H-l,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

3-[(25)-8-fluoro-6- {[(2,2,2-trifiuoro- 1 , 1 -dimethylethoxy)carbonyl]amino} -4- {[5- (trifiuoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl]sulfonyl}-3,4-dihydro-2H-l,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]propanoic acid;

(i?)-3-(4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-5-methyl-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid; and

(5)-3-(4-((3-chloro- 1-ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-5-methyl-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid.

[0073] The invention also provides a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof in purified form.

Uses of the Compounds

[0074] Compounds of Formula (I) alter the interaction of coregulator proteins with

Retinoic Acid Receptor-related Orphan Receptor gamma t (RORgammaT) and thereby antagonize RORgammaT-mediated transcriptional activity, and as such are useful in the treatment of diseases and conditions in which inhibition of RORgammaT is desirable, such as autoimmune and inflammatory diseases and disorders.

[0075] Accordingly, another embodiment of the present invention provides a method for treating a disease or condition mediated by RORgammaT in a subject comprising administering to the subject an amount of a compound of Formula (I) that is effective for treating the disease or condition mediated by RORgammaT in the subject.

[0076] The compounds according to the invention can be used in therapy.

[0077] A further aspect of the invention resides in the use of compounds of Formula (I) for the treatment of RORgammaT -mediated diseases or RORgammaT-mediated conditions.

[0078] Another aspect of the invention resides in the use of a compound of Formula (I) in the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of a disease or condition mediated by RORgammaT.

[0079] Another aspect of the invention resides in the use of compounds of Formula (I) for the treatment of autoimmune diseases, in particular those diseases in which Thl7 cells and non-Thl7 cells, which express Thl7 hallmark cytokines, play a prominent role. These include, but are not limited to, the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), ankylosing spondylitis, and multiple sclerosis.

[0080] In another aspect, compounds of Formula (I) can be used for treatment of inflammatory diseases in which Thl7 cells and/or non-Thl7 cells, which express Thl7 hallmark cytokines, play a prominent role, such as but not limited to respiratory diseases, osteoarthritis, and asthma. Also, compounds of Formula (I) can be used for treatment of infectious diseases in which Thl7 cells and/or non-Thl7 cells, which express Thl7 hallmark cytokines, play a prominent role, such as but not limited to mucosal leishmaniasis.

[0081] Compounds of Formula (I) can also be used for treatment of other diseases in which Thl7 cells and/or non-Thl7 cells, which express Thl7 hallmark cytokines, play a prominent role, such as but not limited to Kawasaki disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

[0082] In one aspect, the disease or condition is an autoimmune disease or inflammatory disease. The disease or condition includes, but is not limited to, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, osteoarthritis, Kawasaki disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and mucosal leishmaniasis.

[0083] In another aspect, the compounds of Formula (I) can be used in therapies to treat or prevent multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, osteoarthritis, Kawasaki disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and mucosal leishmaniasis.

[0084] In another aspect, the compounds of Formula (I) can be used to treat or prevent psoriasis.

[0085] In yet another aspect, the compounds of Formula (I) can be used to treat inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis).

[0086] In another aspect, the compound of Formula (I) can be used to treat colorectal cancer.

[0087] In another aspect, the compound of Formula (I) can be used to treat lung cancer.

[0088] In another aspect, the compound of Formula (I) can be used to treat pancreatic cancer.

Route of Administration/Dosage

[0089] The compounds of this invention can be administered for the treatment or prevention of afflictions, diseases, and illnesses according to the invention by any means that effects contact of the active ingredient compound with the site of action in the body of a warmblooded animal. For example, administration can be oral, topical, including transdermal, ocular, buccal, intranasal, inhalation, intravaginal, rectal, intracisternal, and parenteral. The term "parenteral" as used herein refers to modes of administration that include subcutaneous, intravenous, intramuscular, intraarticular injection or infusion, intrasternal and intraperitoneal. For the purpose of this disclosure, a warm-blooded animal is a member of the animal kingdom possessed of a homeostatic mechanism and includes mammals and birds.

[0090] The compounds can be administered by any conventional means available for use in conjunction with pharmaceuticals, either as individual therapeutic agents or in a combination of therapeutic agents. They can be administered alone, but are generally administered with a pharmaceutical carrier selected on the basis of the chosen route of administration and standard pharmaceutical practice.

[0091] The dosage administered will be dependent on the age, health, and weight of the recipient; the extent of disease; kind of concurrent treatment, if any; frequency of treatment; and the nature of the effect desired. Usually, a daily dosage of active ingredient compound will be from about 1.0-2000 milligrams per day. Ordinarily, from 10 to 500 milligrams per day in one or more applications is effective to obtain desired results. These dosages are the effective amounts for the treatment and prevention of afflictions, diseases, and illnesses described above, e.g., autoimmune and inflammatory diseases and disorders.

[0092] Compositions include those suitable for oral, sublingual, subcutaneous, intravenous, intramuscular, nasal, local, or rectal administration, and the like, all in unit dosage forms for administration.

[0093] For oral administration, the active ingredient may be presented as discrete units, such as tablets, capsules, powders, granulates, solutions, suspensions, and the like.

[0094] For parenteral administration, the pharmaceutical composition of the invention may be presented in unit-dose or multi-dose containers, e.g., injection liquids in predetermined amounts, for example in sealed vials and ampoules, and may also be stored in a freeze dried

(lyophilized) condition requiring only the addition of sterile liquid carrier, e.g. , water, prior to use.

[0095] Mixed with such pharmaceutically acceptable auxiliaries, e.g., as described in the standard reference, Gennaro, A.R. et al., Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy (20th Edition., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000, see especially Part 5: Pharmaceutical Manufacturing), the active agent may be compressed into solid dosage units, such as pills, tablets, or be processed into capsules or suppositories. By means of pharmaceutically acceptable liquids the active agent can be applied as a fluid composition, e.g., as an injection preparation, in the form of a solution, suspension, emulsion, or as a spray, e.g. , a nasal spray.

[0096] For making solid dosage units, the use of conventional additives such as fillers, colorants, polymeric binders, and the like is contemplated. In general any pharmaceutically acceptable additive that does not interfere with the function of the active compounds can be used. Suitable carriers with which the active agent of the invention can be administered as solid compositions include lactose, starch, cellulose derivatives, and the like, or mixtures thereof, used in suitable amounts. For parenteral administration, aqueous suspensions, isotonic saline solutions, and sterile injectable solutions may be used, containing pharmaceutically acceptable dispersing agents and/or wetting agents, such as propylene glycol or butylene glycol.

Pharmaceutical Compositions

[0097] Another aspect of the present invention provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. The term "excipient" and "carrier" may be used interchangeably. The term "composition," as in pharmaceutical composition, is intended to encompass a product comprising the active ingredient(s), and the inert ingredient(s)

(pharmaceutically acceptable excipients) that make up the carrier, as well as any product that results, directly or indirectly, from combination, complexation, or aggregation of any two or more of the ingredients, or from dissociation of one or more of the ingredients, or from other types of reactions or interactions of one or more of the ingredients. Accordingly, the

pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention encompass any composition made by admixing a compound of Formula (I), additional active ingredient(s), and pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.

[0098] The pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention comprise a compound represented by Formula (I) (or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof) as an active ingredient, a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, and optionally other therapeutic ingredients or adjuvants.

The compositions include compositions suitable for oral, rectal, topical, and parenteral

(including subcutaneous, intramuscular, and intravenous) administration, although the most suitable route in any given case will depend on the particular host, and nature and severity of the conditions for which the active ingredient is being administered. The pharmaceutical compositions may be conveniently presented in unit dosage form and prepared by any of the methods well known in the art of pharmacy in light of the present disclosure.

[0099] The active ingredient can be administered orally in solid dosage forms, such as capsules, tablets, troches, dragees, granules, and powders, or in liquid dosage forms, such as elixirs, syrups, emulsions, dispersions, and suspensions. The active ingredient can also be administered parenterally, in sterile liquid dosage forms, such as dispersions, suspensions, or solutions. Other dosages forms that can also be used to administer the active ingredient as an ointment, cream, drops, transdermal patch, or powder for topical administration, as an ophthalmic solution or suspension formation, i.e., eye drops, for ocular administration, as an aerosol spray or powder composition for inhalation or intranasal administration, or as a cream, ointment, spray, or suppository for rectal or vaginal administration.

[0100] Gelatin capsules can contain the active ingredient and powdered carriers, such as lactose, starch, cellulose derivatives, magnesium stearate, stearic acid, and the like. Similar diluents can be used to make compressed tablets. Both tablets and capsules can be manufactured as sustained release products to provide for continuous release of medication over a period of hours, for example. Compressed tablets can be sugar coated or film coated to mask any unpleasant taste and protect the tablet from the atmosphere, or enteric coated for selective disintegration in the gastrointestinal tract.

[0101] Liquid dosage forms for oral administration can contain coloring and flavoring to increase patient acceptance.

[0102] In general, water, a suitable oil, saline, aqueous dextrose (glucose), and related sugar solutions and glycols such as propylene glycol or polyethylene glycols are suitable carriers for parenteral solutions. Solutions for parenteral administration preferably contain a water soluble salt of the active ingredient, suitable stabilizing agents, and if necessary, buffer substances. Antioxidizing agents such as sodium bisulfite, sodium sulfite, or ascorbic acid, either alone or combined, are suitable stabilizing agents. Also used are citric acid and its salts and sodium EDTA. In addition, parenteral solutions can contain preservatives, such as benzalkonium chloride, methyl- or propylparaben, and chlorobutanol.

[0103] Suitable pharmaceutical carriers are described in Remington's Pharmaceutical

Sciences, A. Osol, a standard reference text in this field.

[0104] For administration by inhalation, the compounds of Formula (I) may be conveniently delivered in the form of an aerosol spray presentation from pressurized packs or nebulizers. The compounds may also be delivered as powders which may be formulated and the powder composition may be inhaled with the aid of an insufflation powder inhaler device. The preferred delivery system for inhalation is a metered dose inhalation (MDI) aerosol, which may be formulated as a suspension or solution of a compound of Formula (I) in suitable propellants, such as fluorocarbons or hydrocarbons.

[0105] For ocular administration, an ophthalmic preparation may be formulated with an appropriate weight percent solution or suspension of the compounds of Formula (I) in an appropriate ophthalmic vehicle, such that the compound is maintained in contact with the ocular surface for a sufficient time period to allow the compound to penetrate the corneal and internal regions of the eye.

[0106] Useful pharmaceutical dosage forms for administration of the compounds of this invention include, but are not limited to, hard and soft gelatin capsules, tablets, parenteral injectables, and oral suspensions.

[0107] A large number of unit capsules are prepared by filling standard two-piece hard gelatin capsules each with 100 milligrams of powdered active ingredient, 150 milligrams of lactose, 50 milligrams of cellulose, and 6 milligrams magnesium stearate.

[0108] A mixture of active ingredient in a digestible oil such as soybean oil, cottonseed oil, or olive oil is prepared and injected by means of a positive displacement pump into gelatin to form soft gelatin capsules containing 100 milligrams of the active ingredient. The capsules are washed and dried.

[0109] A large number of tablets are prepared by conventional procedures so that the dosage unit is 100 milligrams of active ingredient, 0.2 milligrams of colloidal silicon dioxide, 5 milligrams of magnesium stearate, 275 milligrams of microcrystalline cellulose, 11 milligrams of starch and 98.8 milligrams of lactose. Appropriate coatings may be applied to increase palatability or delay absorption.

[0110] A parenteral composition suitable for administration by injection is prepared by stirring 1.5% by weight of active ingredient in 10% by volume propylene glycol. The solution is made to volume with water for injection and sterilized.

[0111] An aqueous suspension is prepared for oral administration so that each 5 milliliters contains 100 milligrams of finely divided active ingredient, 100 milligrams of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, 5 milligrams of sodium benzoate, 1.0 grams of sorbitol solution, U.S. P., and 0.025 milliliters of vanillin.

[0112] The same dosage forms can generally be used when the compounds of this invention are administered stepwise or in conjunction with another therapeutic agent. When drugs are administered in physical combination, the dosage form and administration route should be selected depending on the compatibility of the combined drugs. Thus the term

"coadministration" is understood to include the administration of the two agents concomitantly or sequentially, or alternatively as a fixed dose combination of the two active components.

[0113] The present invention also relates to a pharmaceutical composition comprising compounds of Formula (I) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof in admixture with pharmaceutically acceptable auxiliaries and optionally other therapeutic agents. The auxiliaries must be "acceptable" in the sense of being compatible with the other ingredients of the composition and not deleterious to the recipients thereof.

[0114] The invention further includes a pharmaceutical composition, as hereinbefore described, in combination with packaging material suitable for said composition, said packaging material including instructions for the use of the composition for the use as hereinbefore described.

[0115] The exact dose and regimen of administration of the active ingredient, or a pharmaceutical composition thereof, may vary with the particular compound, the route of administration, and the age and condition of the individual subject to whom the medicament is to be administered.

[0116] In general, parenteral administration requires lower dosages than other methods of administration which are more dependent upon absorption. However, a dosage for humans preferably contains 0.0001-100 mg per kg body weight. The desired dose may be presented as one dose or as multiple subdoses administered at appropriate intervals throughout the day. The dosage as well as the regimen of administration may differ between a female and a male recipient.

Combination Therapy

[0117] Compounds of Formula (I), and pharmaceutically acceptable salts and physiologically functional derivatives (e.g., prodrugs) thereof, may be employed alone or in combination with other therapeutic agents for the treatment of diseases and conditions associated with inappropriate IL-17 pathway activity. Combination therapies according to the present invention thus comprise the administration of at least one compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a physiologically functional derivative thereof, and the use of at least one other pharmaceutically active agent. The compound(s) of Formula (I) and the other pharmaceutically active agent(s) may be administered together or separately and, when administered separately, this may occur simultaneously or sequentially in any order. The amounts of the compound(s) of Formula (I) and the other pharmaceutically active agent(s) and the relative timings of administration will be selected in order to achieve the desired combined therapeutic effect.

[0118] For the treatment of the inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, ankylosing spondylitis, SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus), uveitis, atopic dermatitis, COPD, asthma, and allergic rhinitis, a compound of Formula (I) may be combined with one or more other active agents such as: (1) TNF-a inhibitors; (2) non-selective COX-l/COX-2 inhibitors; (3) COX-2 inhibitors; (4) other agents for treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases including glucocorticoids, methotrexate, leflunomide, sulfasalazine, azathioprine, cyclosporin, tacrolimus, penicillamine, bucillamine, actarit, mizoribine, lobenzarit, ciclesonide, hydroxychloroquine, d-penicillamine,

aurothiomalate, auranofin or parenteral or oral gold, cyclophosphamide, Lymphostat-B,

BAFF/ APRIL inhibitors and CTLA-4-Ig or mimetics thereof; (5) leukotriene biosynthesis inhibitor, 5 -lipoxygenase (5-LO) inhibitor or 5 -lipoxygenase activating protein (FLAP) antagonist; (6) LTD4 receptor antagonist; (7) PDE4 inhibitor; (8) antihistamine HI receptor antagonists; (9) al- and a2-adrenoceptor agonist; (10) anticholinergic agents; (11) β-adrenoceptor agonists; (12) insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-1) mimetic; (13) glucocorticosteroids; (14) kinase inhibitors such as inhibitors of the Janus Kinases (JAKl and/or JAK2 and/or JAK3 and/or TYK2), p38 MAPK and IKK2; (15) B-cell targeting biologies such as rituximab; (16) selective costimulation modulators such as abatacept; (17) interleukin inhibitors, such as IL-1 inhibitor anakinra, IL-6 inhibitor tocilizumab, and IL12/IL-23 inhibitor ustekinumab. The compound of Formula (I) may also be combined with anti-IL17 antibodies to obtain additive/synergistic responses for the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.

[0119] For the treatment of cancer, the compounds of Formula (I) can be combined with other therapeutic, chemotherapeutic, and anti-cancer agents. Combinations of the compounds of Formula (I) with other therapeutic, chemotherapeutic, and anti-cancer agents are within the scope of the invention. Examples of such agents can be found in Cancer Principles and

Practice of Oncology by V.T. Devita and S. Hellman (editors), 6th edition (February 15, 2001), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers. In light of the present disclosure, a person of ordinary skill in the art would be able to discern which combinations of the compounds of Formula (I) with the other therapeutic, chemotherapeutic, and anti-cancer agents would be useful based on the particular characteristics of the drugs and the cancer involved. The compounds of Formula (I) may also be useful when co-administered with radiation therapy. The compounds of Formula (I) can be present in the same dosage unit as the other therapeutic, chemotherapeutic, and anti-cancer agents. The compounds of Formula (I) and the other therapeutic,

chemotherapeutic, and anti-cancer agents can also be present in separate dosage units.

[0120] It will be clear to a person skilled in the art that, where appropriate, the other therapeutic ingredient(s) may be used in the form of salts, for example as alkali metal or amine salts or as acid addition salts, or prodrugs, or as esters, for example lower alkyl esters, or as solvates, for example hydrates, to optimize the activity and/or stability and/or physical characteristics, such as solubility, of the therapeutic ingredient. It will be clear also that, where appropriate, the other therapeutic ingredients may be used in optically pure form.

[0121] The combinations referred to above may conveniently be presented for use in the form of a pharmaceutical composition and thus, pharmaceutical compositions comprising a combination as defined above together with a pharmaceutically acceptable diluent or carrier represent a further aspect of the invention. These combinations are of particular interest in respiratory diseases and are conveniently adapted for inhaled or intranasal delivery.

[0122] The individual compounds of such combinations may be administered either sequentially or simultaneously in separate or combined pharmaceutical compositions.

Preferably, the individual compounds will be administered simultaneously in a combined pharmaceutical composition. Appropriate doses of known therapeutic agents will be readily appreciated by those skilled in the art.

[0123] Accordingly, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention include those that also comprise at least one additional therapeutically active agent, in addition to the compound of Formula (I).

[0124] The invention further includes a compound of Formula (I) in combination with one or more other drug(s).

Methods of Preparing the Compounds of Formula (I)

[0125] The compounds of this invention may be made by a variety of methods, including standard chemistry in light of the present disclosure. Illustrative general synthetic methods are set out below and then specific compounds of the Formula (I) are prepared in the Examples.

[0126] Compounds of Formula (I) may be prepared in light of the present disclosure via techniques known in the art of organic synthesis, examples of which are set forth in the following synthesis schemes. It would be well understood by those skilled in the art in light of the present disclosure that in all of the schemes described below, protecting groups for sensitive or reactive groups should be employed where necessary in accordance with general principles of chemistry. Protecting groups can be manipulated according to standard methods of organic synthesis (T. W. Green and P. G. M. Wuts (1991) Protecting Groups in Organic Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons). These groups can be removed at a convenient stage of the compound synthesis using methods that are readily apparent to those skilled in the art. In certain other embodiments, a functional group presented in these schemes below can be converted to another functional group using standard functional group manipulation procedures known in the art. See, for example, "Comprehensive Organic Synthesis" (B.M. Trost & I. Fleming, eds., 1991-1992).

[0127] The selection of protecting groups as well as the reaction conditions and order of reaction steps shall be consistent with the preparation of compounds of Formula (I). Those skilled in the art will recognize in light of the present disclosure whether a stereocenter exists in compounds of Formula (I). When a compound is desired as a single enantiomer, it may be obtained by stereospecific synthesis or by resolution of the final product or any convenient intermediate. Resolution of the final product, an intermediate, or a starting material may be effected by any suitable method known in the art. See, for example, Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds by E. L. Eliel, S. H. Wilen, and L. N. Mander (Wiley-Interscience, 1994).

[0128] The following solvents, reagents, protecting groups, moieties, and other designations may be referred to by their abbreviations:

[0129] Me = methyl; Et = ethyl; Pr = propyl; iPr = isopropyl, Bu = butyl; t-Bu = tert-butyl; Ph = phenyl, and Ac = acetyl

[0130] μΕ = microliters

[0131] AcOH or HO Ac = acetic acid

[0132] APCI = atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization

[0133] aq = aqueous

[0134] Bn = benzyl

[0135] Boc or BOC = tert-butoxycarbonyl

[0136] Bz = benzoyl

[0137] Cbz = benzyloxycarbonyl

[0138] DBU = l,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene

[0139] DCM = dichloromethane:

[0140] DEA = diethylamine

[0141] DMAP = 4-dimethylaminopyridine

[0142] DIBAL = diisobutylaluminum hydride

[0143] DIAD = diisopropyl azodicarboxylate

[0144] DIEA or Hunig's Base = N,N-diisopropylethylamine

[0145] DMF = dimethylformamide

[0146] DMSO = dimethyl sulfoxide

[0147] EA = ethyl acetate

[0148] EDC = 1 -ethyl-3 -(3 -dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide

[0149] EDTA = ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid

[0150] ESI = electrospray ionization

[0151] EtOAc = ethyl acetate

[0152] g = grams

[0153] h = hour

[0154] HMDS = 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethyldisilazane

[0155] Hex = hexanes

[0156] HPLC = high-performance liquid chromatography

[0157] LDA = lithium diisopropylamide

[0158] LCMS = liquid chromatography mass spectrometry

[0159] LRMS = low resolution mass spectroscopy

[0160] min = minute

[0161] mg = milligrams

[0162] mL = milliliters

[0163] mmol = millimoles

[0164] MeOH = methanol

[0165] MPLC = medium pressure liquid chromatography

[0166] MTBE = methyl tert-butyl ether

[0167] MS = mass spectrometry

[0168] NBS = N-bromosuccinimide

[01691 NMO = 4-methylmorpholine N-oxide

[0170] NMR = nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

[0171] rac = racemic mixture

[0172] rt = room temperature (ambient, about 25 °C)

[0173] sat = saturated

[0174] SFC = supercritical fluid chromatography

[0175] TBSC1 = t-butyldimethylsilyl chloride

[0176] TBS = t-butyldimethyl silyl

[0177] TEA = triethylamine (Et3N)

TFA = trifluoroacetic acid

THF = tetrahydrofuran

TLC = thin layer chromatography

TMS = trimethylsilyl

TPAP = tetrapropylammonium perruthenate

TsOH = p-toluenesulfonic acid

General Methods

Methods for preparing compounds described herein are illustrated in the following synthetic schemes. The schemes are given for the purpose of illustrating the invention, but not for limiting the scope or spirit of the invention. Starting materials shown in the schemes can be obtained from commercial sources or be prepared based on procedures described in the literature.

The synthetic route illustrated in Scheme 1 is a general method for preparing various carbamates. Reaction of a starting amine A with a carbamoylating agent of structure where X is a leaving group which includes halides, electron deficient phenols, imidazole, triazoles, or other moieties well-known to those trained in the art affords the target carbamate

The reaction procedures in Scheme 1 are contemplated to be amenable to preparing a wide variety of carbamoyl-substituted benzoxazines compounds having different substituents at the R1, R2, Ral, Ra2, Rbl, Rb2, Rc, Rd, and Cy positions. A wide variety of alcohol starting materials necessary to prepare the carbamoylating reagent (wherein X is a suitable leaving group, e.g., chloro) are commercially available or readily prepared via known methods.


Scheme 2 illustrates a different general method for preparing carbamates.

Treatment of the amine A with phosgene, triphosgene, or other reagents known to convert aromatic or heteroaromatic amines to isocyanates, affords the isocyanate which when treated with an alcohol either without or with a catalyst (a base which includes but is not limited to triethyl amine, DBU, Hunig's base, or a metal catalyst such as a dibutyl tin dilaurate and numerous others known to those trained in the art), affords the carbamate D.

SCHEME 2

o=s I =o Di C-. o=s I =o oi

R2 OV Ra RaY2 o %- :2 Ra1 Ra2 »


[0186] Scheme 3 illustrates a different general method for preparing carbamates.

Treatment of the carboxylic acid A under conditions suitable to prepare an acyl azide (diphenyl phosphoryl azide, or isobutyl chloroformate and sodium azide, or other similar conditions known to those trained in the art) affords the acyl azide, which upon heating rearranges to form the isocyanate B. Treatment of the isocyanate with an alcohol C affords the carbamate D.

SCHEME 3


[0187] Scheme 4 illustrates another general method for preparing carbamates of the invention. Treatment of a halide or triflate (X = OTf) A under Pd-mediated coupling conditions with a unsubstituted carbamate C affords the carbamate D. The unsubstituted carbamate C can be prepared from alcohols B via treatment with either potassium isocyanate and acid or with sulfurisocyanatidic chloride.

SCHEME 4


FK CIS02NCO

"OH

B

[0188] Scheme 5 illustrates a general method for preparing alcohols and carbamoylating reagents suitable for use in Scheme 1 and in the other general schemes below. Treatment of a ketone or aldehyde A with a Grignard reagent, RfsLi, a Rfs metal, or a trialkylsilyl reagent (i.e., trimethyl silyl trifluoromethane) affords the alcohol B, which can be reacted with p-nitrochloroformate, carbonyldiimide, or phosgene to afford the carbamoylating reagents.

SCHEME 5


B


[0189] The synthetic route in Scheme 6 is a general method for preparing various carbamoyl-substituted benzoxazine compounds having a propionic acid or acid derivative side-chain. Reaction of nitro-aryl aniline A with an epoxide provides benzoxazine B. The nitro group in benzoxazine B can be reduced in the presence of Boc20 to a Boc carbamate group to provide Boc benzoxazine C. Reaction of benzoxazine C with a sulfonylating reagent provides sulfonamide-substituted benzoxazine D. To install the acid or acid derivative side-chain, the alcohol is activated with MsCl and displaced in a SN2 fashion to afford tri-ester F.

Decarboxylation with LiCl, followed by removal of the Boc carbamate group under acidic conditions, and subsequent installation of the desired carbamate affords ethyl ester H.

Hydrolysis of the ester under basic conditions (aq. LiOH) furnishes the carboxylic acid benzoxazine I.

SCHEME 6


[0190] Scheme 7 shows the general synthetic route to alpha-substituted (Rbl) carboxylic acids and acid derivatives. Treatment of mesylate A (see Scheme 6 for synthesis) with a di-ester reagent affords compound B, which is next treated with base and Rbl-X to afford alpha-substituted ester D. Decarboxylation, acidic removal of the Boc carbamate, and subsequent installation of the desired carbamate affords ester E. Hydrolysis of the ester under basic conditions gives carboxylic acid F.

SCHEME 7



[0191] Scheme 8 shows the general synthetic route to alpha-disubstituted (R , R ) carboxylic acids and acid derivatives. Treatment of easily accessible epoxide B with aniline C affords benzoxazine D. Reduction of the nitro group in the presence of Boc20, followed by acidic removal of the resulting Boc-carbamate led to an intermediate aniline which can be further functionalized with a variety of other carbamates (Rd). Removal of the tosyl protecting group afforded common intermediate F, which can be further elaborated to the desired carboxylic acid G using transformations which are known to those of skill in the art of organic chemistry.

SCHEME 8


3. Mg / MeOH, then SFC


[0192] Scheme 9 shows the general synthetic route to beta-disubstituted (R , R ) carboxylic acids and acid derivatives. Treatment of readily accessible Weinreb amide B with a Grignard reagent RalMgBr affords ketone C. Olefination of the carbonyl group and reduction of the resulting double bond leads to common ester intermediate E. Hydrolysis of the ester moiety and sulfonylation provides the desired beta-substituted benzoxazine carboxylic acid.

SCHEME 9



[0193] Scheme 10 shows the general synthetic route to alpha-hydroxy carboxylic acids and acid derivatives as analogues of the benzoxazine core. Treatment of previously described ketone B with TMSCN affords trimethylsioxy nitrile C. Removal of the silyl group and hydrolysis of the nitrile can be accomplished under strong acidic conditions (HCl and AcOH, reflux) to give hydroxy acid D. Introduction of the desired carbamate (Rd) leads to alpha-hydroxy acid E, which can subsequently be elaborated to the desired benzoxazine carboxylic acid derivative F using similar chemistry as described above.

INTERMEDIATES

[0194] The following experimental procedures detail the preparation of chemical materials used in the synthesis of Examples of the instant invention. The exemplified procedures are for illustrative purposes only, and are not intended to limit the scope of the instant invention in any way.

INTERMEDIATE 1: Preparation of methyl 2-((4-(chlorosulfonyl)-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-3-yl)oxy)acetate


Step 1 - Preparation of methyl 2-((l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-3-yl)oxy)acetate


[0195] To a solution of 1 -ethyl- 1 ,2-dihydro-3H-pyrazol-3 -one (13.8 g, 124 mmol) in

N,N-dimethylformamide (75 mL) was added potassium carbonate (25.5 g, 185 mmol) followed by methyl bromoacetate (16.3 mL, 172 mmol). The reaction was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The solution was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water, washed with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography eluting with a gradient of ethyl acetate in hexanes. The pure fractions were combined and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound.

Step 2 - Preparation of methyl 2-((4-(chlorosulfonyl)-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-3-yl)oxy)acetate


[0196] To a suspension of sulfur trioxide dimethylformamide complex (0.42 g, 2.7 mmol) in dichloromethane (10 mL) under nitrogen at 0°C was added a solution of methyl 2-((l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-3-yl)oxy)acetate (0.5 g, 2.7 mmol) in dichloromethane (1 mL). The reaction was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stirred for 1 hour. The solution was recooled to 0°C, and anhydrous pyridine was added (0.65 mL, 8.1 mmol), followed by phosphorus pentachloride (0.62 g, 3 mmol) in portions. After 30 minutes the cooling bath was removed, and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The reaction was concentrated in the presence of silica. The residue was purified by column chromatography eluting with a gradient of 10-60% ethyl acetate in hexanes. The pure fractions were combined and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound.

INTERMEDIATE 2: Preparation of 3-Ethoxy-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride


Step 1 - Preparation of l-ethyl-l,2-dihydro-3H-pyrazol-3-one


[0197] To methyl 2-chloroprop-2-enoate (5 mL, 49.8 mmol) in anhydrous

tetrahydrofuran (75 mL) was added ethylhydrazine oxalate (11.2 g, 74.7 mmol) followed by triethylamine (13.9 mL, 99.6 mmol). The reaction was stirred at ambient temperature overnight.

The solids were filtered off, then the filtrates were concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography eluting with a gradient of methanol in dichloromethane. The pure fractions were combined and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound.

Step 2 - Preparation of 3-ethoxy-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole


[0198] To a solution of 1 -ethyl- 1 ,2-dihydro-3H-pyrazol-3 -one (1.55 g, 13.8 mmol) in

N,N-dimethylformamide (15 mL) was added potassium carbonate (3.8 g, 27.6 mmol) followed by ethyl bromide (2.1 mL, 27.6 mmol). The reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 hours. The solution was diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with water, brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound.

Preparation of 3-Ethoxy-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride


[0199] To 3-ethoxy-l -ethyl- lH-pyrazole (3.14 g, 22.4 mmol) in chloroform (25 mL) at

0°C was added chlorosulfonic acid (15 mL, 224 mmol) dropwise. The resulting solution was stirred for 3 hours at 70°C. The solution was cooled in an ice bath and then quenched by pouring into ice water. The resulting suspension was extracted with dichloromethane and the combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to yield the title compound as an oil.

INTERMEDIATE 3: Preparation of 5-ethoxy-2-ethylthiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride


- Preparation of ethyl 2-propionamidoacetate


[0200] Into a 500-mL 3 -necked round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of ethyl 2- aminoacetate hydrochloride (21 g, 150.45 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in saturated sodium bicarbonate / tetrahydrofuran (75/150 mL), followed by the addition of propanoyl chloride (20 g, 216.16 mmol, 1.50 equiv) dropwise with stirring at 0 °C. The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at room temperature. The resulting solution was extracted with 3x200 mL of ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined. The resulting mixture was washed with 2x500 mL of water. The mixture was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to afford ethyl 2-propanamidoacetate as yellow oil.

Step 2 - Preparation of 5-ethoxy-2-ethylthiazole


[0201] Into a 250-mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of ethyl 2- propanamidoacetate (6 g, 37.69 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dioxane (150 mL) and P2S5 (17 g, 76.48 mmol, 2.00 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at 60 °C. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 50 mL of sodium hydroxide. The resulting solution was extracted with 3x100 mL of dichloromethane and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with petroleum ether / ether (3:2) to afford 5-ethoxy-2-ethyl-l,3-thiazole as yellow oil.

Step 3 - Preparation of 5-ethoxy-2-ethylthiazole-4-sulfonic acid


[0202] Into a 25-mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 5-ethoxy-2-ethyl-l,3- thiazole (300 mg, 1.91 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in chloroform (5 mL), followed by the addition of sulfonoperoxoyl chloride (1.1 g, 9.44 mmol, 5.00 equiv) dropwise with stirring at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at 60 °C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum to afford 5-ethoxy-2-ethyl-l,3-thiazole-4-sulfonic acid as a yellow oil.

Step 4 - Preparation of 5-ethoxy-2-ethylthiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride

[0203] Into a 250-mL round-bottom flask, was placed 5-ethoxy-2-ethyl-l,3-thiazole-4-sulfonic acid (2.7 g, 11.38 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and thionyl chloride (20 mL, 5.00 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at 78°C in an oil bath. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 100 mL of water/ice. The resulting solution was extracted with 2x100 mL of dichloromethane and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ether/ petroleum ether (3: 1) to afford 5-ethoxy-2-ethyl-l,3-thiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride as a brown solid. MS ESI calculated for C7H11CINO3S2 (M + H)+ 256, found 256 (M+H) +; 1H-NMR (300MHz,CDCl3): δ 4.38-4.28 (q, 2H), 2.99-2.92 (q, 2H), 1.61-1.53 (t, 3H), 1.45-1.34 (t, 3H).

INTERMEDIATE 4: Preparation of 2-cyclopropyl-5-ethoxythiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride


Step 1 - Preparation of ethyl 2-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)acetate


[0204] Into a 250-mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of ethyl 2-aminoacetate hydrochloride (10 g, 71.64 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in saturated sodium bicarbonate/tetrahydrofuran (50/50 mL). This was followed by the addition of a solution of cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride (9.0 g, 86.10 mmol, 1.20 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (50 mL) dropwise with stirring at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature. The resulting solution was extracted with 2x100 mL of ethyl acetate and the organic layers concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl

acetate/petroleum ether (1 :20 to 1 :5) to afford ethyl 2-(cyclopropylformamido)acetate as a white solid.

Step 2 - Preparation of 2-cyclopropyl-5-ethoxythiazole


[0205] Into a 50-mL round-bottom flask, was placed ethyl 2- (cyclopropylformamido)acetate (171 mg, 1.00 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and P2S5 (333 mg, 1.50 mmol, 1.50 equiv) in 1,4-dioxane (5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at 70 °C. The reaction was quenched with 10 mL of water and the resulting solution extracted with 2x10 mL of ethyl acetate. The organic layers were combined and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with petroleum ether : ethyl acetate (30: 1 to 10: 1) to afford 2-cyclopropyl-5-ethoxy-l,3-thiazole as a yellow oil.

Step 3 - Preparation of 2-cyclopropyl-5-ethoxythiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride


[0206] Into a 25-mL round-bottom flask, was placed 2-cyclopropyl-5-ethoxy-l,3-thiazole (600 mg, 3.55 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and HSO3CI (1.65 g, 14.22 mmol, 4.00 equiv) in chloroform (10 mL). The resulting solution was heated to reflux for 2 h. The reaction was concentrated under vacuum and the crude residue was dissolved in thionyl chloride (10 mL). The resulting solution was heated to 80 °C for 3 h. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 30 mL of water. The resulting solution was extracted with 2x30 mL of ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate / petroleum ether (1 :20 to 1 :5) to afford 2-cyclopropyl-5-ethoxy-l,3-thiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride as a brown solid. MS ESI calculated for C8HI IC1N03S2 (M + H)+ 268, found 268 (M+H) +; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 4.27-4.33 (m, 2H), 2.17-2.23 (m, 1H), 1.52-1.56 (t, 3H), 1.11-1.17 (m, 4H).

INTERMEDIATE 5: Preparation of 5-ethoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)thiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride


Step 1 - Preparation of ethyl 2-(2,2,2-trifluoroacetamido)acetate


[0207] Into a 250-mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of trifluoroacetamide

(20.3 g, 179.58 mmol, 2.00 equiv) in acetonitrile (150 mL), TEBA (1.5 g, 6.60 mmol, 0.07 equiv), potassium carbonate (24.8 g, 179.44 mmol, 2.00 equiv) and ethyl 2-bromoacetate (15 g, 89.82 mmol, 1.00 equiv). The resulting solution was heated to reflux for 1 h. The solids were filtered out and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 :20 to 1 : 1) to afford ethyl 2-(trifluoroacetamido)acetate as a colorless solid.

Step 2 - Preparation of 5-ethoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)thiazole


[0208] Into a 25 -mL round-bottom flask, was placed ethyl 2-(trifluoroacetamido)acetate

(10 g, 50.22 mmol, 1.00 equiv), P2S5 (16.7 g, 75.13 mmol, 1.50 equiv) and toluene (150 mL). The resulting solution was heated to reflux overnight, then diluted with 100 mL of water. The resulting mixture was extracted with 3x100 mL of ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 :30 to 1 :5) to afford 5-ethoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)-l,3-thiazole as a yellow liquid.

Step 3 - Preparation of 4-bromo-5-ethoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)thiazole

[0209] Into a 50-mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 5-ethoxy-2- (trifluoromethyl)-l,3-thiazole (1 g, 5.07 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in chloroform (20 mL), followed by the addition of NBS (1.17 g, 1.30 equiv). The resulting solution was heated to reflux overnight, then concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 :30 to 1 : 10) to afford 4-bromo-5-ethoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)-l,3-thiazole as a yellow liquid.

Step 4 - Preparation of 5-ethoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)thiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride


[0210] Into a 50-mL 3 -necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed 4-bromo-5-ethoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)-l,3-thiazole (1 g, 3.62 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (20 mL), followed by the addition of n-BuLi (2.9 mL, 2.00 equiv) dropwise with stirring at -78 °C. The resulting solution was stirred for 30 min at -78°C and followed by the addition of S02 (460 mg, 7.19 mmol, 2.00 equiv) at -78 °C. The resulting solution was stirred for 30 more minutes at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The crude intermediate was dissolved in dichloromethane (20 mL) and treated with NCS (1.44 g, 10.78 mmol, 3.00 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 30 min at room temperature, then concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 :20 to 1 :2) to afford 5-ethoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)-l,3-thiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride as a yellow solid. MS ESI calculated for

C6H5F3N03S2 (M - Cl)+ 260, found 260 (M-C1) +; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 4.38-4.49 (m, 2H), 1.60-1.69 (m, 3H)

INTERMEDIATE 6: Preparation of 2-methoxy-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l,2-b]pyrazole-3-sulfonyl chloride


Step 1 - Preparation of ethyl 6-chloro-3-oxohexanoate


[0211] Into a 1000-mL 3 -necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed tetrahydrofuran (160 mL), followed by the addition of lithium diisopropylamide (86 mL, 2.00 equiv) at -78 °C. A solution of ethyl 3-oxobutanoate (11.2 g, 86.06 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (6 mL) was next added dropwise with stirring at -78 °C, followed by the addition of a solution of l-bromo-2-chloroethane (12.2 g, 85.07 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (6 mL) dropwise with stirring at 0 °C. After stirring for 1 h at 0 °C, the pH value of the solution was adjusted to 7 with hydrogen chloride (2 N). The resulting mixture was extracted with of ethyl acetate (3x) and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to afford ethyl 6-chloro-3-oxohexanoate as a colorless liquid.

Step 2 - Preparation of 5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l,2-6]pyrazol-2-ol


[0212] Into a 20 mL sealed tube was placed ethyl 6-chloro-3-oxohexanoate (9.0 g, 46.72 mmol, 1.00 equiv), ethanol (20 mL) and hydrazine hydrate (3.0 mL). The reaction mixture was heated in a microwave for 2 h at 120 °C, cooled to room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with dichloromethane/methanol (10: 1) to afford the title compound as a light yellow solid.

Step 3 - Preparation of 2-methoxy-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo [1,2-6] pyrazole


[0213] Into a 50 mL round-bottom flask was placed 5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l ,2- £]pyrazol-2-ol (1.0 g, 8.06 mmol, 1.00 equiv), acetone (20 mL) and potassium carbonate (2.2 g, 15.92 mmol, 2.00 equiv). The mixture was stirred for 5 min, followed by the addition of iodomethane (2.3 g, 16.20 mmol, 2.00 equiv) dropwise with stirring. The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature. The solids were filtered out and the resulting filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with dichloromethane/methanol (10: 1) to afford 2-methoxy-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l,2-¾]pyrazole as a yellow liquid.

Step 4 - Preparation of 2-methoxy-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l,2-b]pyrazole-3-sulfonyl chloride


[0214] To a 25-mL round-bottom flask was added 2-methoxy-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l,2-¾]pyrazole (300 mg, 2.17 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and chloroform (3.0 mL), followed by the addition of chlorosulfonic acid (1.5 mL) dropwise with stirring at -78 °C. The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 60 °C and then cooled to 0°C with a water/ice bath. The reaction was quenched by the addition of water/ice and the resulting solution was extracted with of dichloromethane. The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to afford 2-methoxy-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l,2-b]pyrazole-3-sulfonyl chloride as a yellow liquid.

INTERMEDIATE 7: Preparation of 2-chloro-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l,2-b]pyrazole-3-sulfonyl chloride


- Preparation of 2-chloro-5,6-dih dro-4H-pyrrolo [1,2-6] pyrazole


[0215] To a 30 mL sealed tube was added 5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l,2-¾]pyrazol-2-ol

(1.8 g, 14.50 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and POCl3 (10 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 8 h at 200 °C, cooled to room temperature with a water/ice bath and then quenched by the addition of water/ice. The resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane (3x) and the organic layers combined, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with dichloromethane/methanol (100:0 to 10: 1) to afford the title compound as a brown oil.

Step 2 - Preparation of 2-chloro-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo [1,2-6] pyrazole-3-sulfonyl chloride


[0216] To a 25 mL round-bottom flask was added 2-chloro-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l,2- £]pyrazole (100 mg, 0.70 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and chloroform (2.0 mL), followed by the addition of chlorosulfonic acid (1.0 mL) at -78 °C. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 60 °C, then cooled to 25 °C. The reaction was quenched by the addition of water/ice and the resulting mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (3x). The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 : 10 to 1 : 1) to afford 2-chloro-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[l,2-¾]pyrazole-3-sulfonyl chloride as a white solid.

INTERMEDIATE 8: Preparation of 2-methoxy-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride


Step 1 - Preparation of ethyl 7-chloro-3-oxoheptanoate

O O CI^^^^^^^O^

[0217] To a 1000-mL 3 -necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen was added tetrahydrofuran (160 mL), followed by the addition of lithium diisopropylamide (100 mL) at -78 °C. A solution of ethyl 3-oxobutanoate (13 g, 99.89 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (6 mL) was next added dropwise with stirring at -78 °C, followed by a solution of l-bromo-3-chloropropane (15.7 g, 99.72 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (6 mL) dropwise with stirring at 0 °C. The resulting solution was stirred for 1 h at 0 °C. The pH value of the reaction was adjusted to 7 with 2 N hydrogen chloride and the resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The organic layers were combined and concentrated under vacuum to afford ethyl 7-chloro-3-oxoheptanoate as a colorless liquid.

Step 2 - Preparation of 4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-«]pyridin-2-ol


[0218] To a 10 mL sealed tube was added ethyl 7-chloro-3-oxoheptanoate (900 mg, 4.35 mmol, 1.00 equiv), ethanol (5.0 mL) and hydrazine hydrate (0.5 mL). The reaction mixture was irradiated with microwave radiation for 2 h at 120 °C, cooled to room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with dichloromethane/methanol (10: 1) to afford 4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-ol.

Step 3 - Preparation of 2-methoxy-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-«]pyridine


[0219] To a 50 mL round-bottom flask was added 4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-ol (250 mg, 1.81 mmol, 1.00 equiv), acetone (5.0 mL) and potassium carbonate (500 mg, 3.62 mmol, 2.00 equiv). The reaction mixture was stirred for 5 min at room temperature, followed by the addition of CH3I (511 mg, 3.60 mmol, 2.00 equiv) dropwise with stirring. The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature and quenched with 20 mL of water. The resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x), the combined organic layers dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with dichloromethane/methanol (10: 1) to afford the title compound as a yellow liquid.

Step 4 - Preparation of 2-methoxy-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-«]pyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride


[0220] To a 50 mL round-bottom flask was added 2-methoxy-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridine (150 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and chloroform (1.5 mL), followed by the addition of chlorosulfonic acid (0.5 mL) dropwise with stirring at -78 °C. The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 60 °C, then cooled to room temperature with a water/ice bath. The reaction was quenched by the addition of water/ice and the resulting mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (3x). The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to afford the title compound as a yellow liquid. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 4.03 (s, 3H), 4.02 (m, 2H), 3.06 (m, 2H), 2.05 (m, 2H), 1.95 (m, 2H).

INTERMEDIATE 9: Preparation of 2-chloro-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo [ 1 ,5- ] pyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride


Step 1. Preparation of 2-chloro-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-«] pyridine


[0221] To a 30 mL sealed tube was added 4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridin-2-ol

(3.0 g, 21.71 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and POCI3 (12.0 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 8 h at 200 °C, then cooled to room temperature. The reaction was quenched by the addition of water/ice and the resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane (3x). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with dichloromethane/methanol (100:0 to 10: 1) to afford the title compound as a colorless liquid.

Step 2 - Synthesis of 2-chloro-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-«]pyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride


[0222] To a 25-mL round-bottom flask was added 2-chloro-4,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrazolo[l,5-a]pyridine (350 mg, 2.23 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and chloroform (3.5 mL), followed by the addition of sulfonoperoxoyl chloride (1.5 mL) at -78 °C. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 60°C, then cooled to room temperature. The reaction was quenched by the addition of water/ice and the resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane (3x). The combined organic layers dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (0: 100 to 1 : 1) to afford the title compound as a brown solid. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 4.19 (m, 2H), 3.11 (m, 2H), 2.12 (m, 2H), 2.05 (m, 2H), 1.92 (m, 2H).

INTERMEDIATE 10: Synthesis of 3-(difluoromethoxy)-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride


- Synthesis of lH-pyrazol-3-ol


[0223] To a 100 mL round-bottom flask was added methyl (2E)-3-methoxyprop-2-enoate (11.6 g, 99.90 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and methanol (10.0 mL), followed by the addition of hydrazine hydrate (7.8 mL) dropwise with stirring. The resulting solution was stirred for 90 min at 85°C, then concentrated under vacuum to afford crude lH-pyrazol-3-ol as a white solid.

Step 2 - Synthesis of l-(3-hydroxy-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)ethanone


[0224] To a 250 mL round-bottom flask was added lH-pyrazol-3-ol (8.5 g, 101.10 mmol, 1.00 equiv), and pyridine (50 mL), followed by the addition of a solution of acetic anhydride (47.5 mL) in pyridine (10.0 mL) dropwise with stirring over 15 min at 95 °C. The resulting solution was stirred for 1 h at 95 °C and then concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 : 100 to 1 : 1) to afford the title compound as a white solid.

- Synthesis of l-(3-(difluoromethoxy)-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)ethanone


[0225] To a 250 mL round-bottom flask was added l-(3-hydroxy-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)ethanone (5.0 g, 39.65 mmol, 1.00 equiv), N,N-dimethylformamide (50.0 mL), potassium carbonate (11.0 g, 79.02 mmol, 2.00 equiv) and ethyl 2-chloro-2,2-difluoroacetate (7.5 g, 47.31 mmol, 1.20 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 60°C, then diluted with water. The resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl ether (3x) and the combined organic layers washed with water, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl ether/hexanes (0: 100 to 1 : 1) to afford the title compound as colorless oil. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 8.15 (d, 1H), 7.02 (t, 1H), 6.14 (d, 1H), 2.62 (s, 3H).

Step 4 - Synthesis of 3-(difluoromethoxy)-lH-pyrazole


[0226] To a 25 mL round-bottom flask was added l-[3-(difluoromethoxy)-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]ethan-l-one (110 mg, 0.62 mmol, 1.00 equiv), methanol (2.0 mL), tetrahydrofuran (2.0 mL) and sodium hydroxide (2.0 mL, 1 M). The resulting solution was stirred for 1 h at 25 °C, then diluted with water. The resulting mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (3x) and the combined organic layers dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to afford the title compound as a colorless liquid. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.48 (d, 1H), 6.74 (t, 1H), 5.99 (d, 1H).

- Synthesis of 3-(difluoromethoxy)-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole


[0227] To a 100 mL round-bottom flask was added 3-(difluoromethoxy)-lH-pyrazole

(500 mg, 3.73 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and N,N-dimethylformamide (15 mL), followed by the addition of sodium hydride (360 mg, 15.00 mmol, 4.00 equiv). The mixture was stirred for 10 min before the addition of bromoethane (1620 mg, 15.00 mmol, 4.00 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25 °C, then quenched by the addition of water. The resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl ether and the combined organic layers washed with water, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl ether/hexane (0: 100 to 1 : 1) to afford 3-(difluoromethoxy)-l -ethyl- lH-pyrazole as a colorless liquid.

Step 6 - Synthesis of 3-(difluoromethoxy)-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride


[0228] To a 250 mL round-bottom flask was added 3-(difluoromethoxy)-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole (3.0 g, 18.50 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and chloroform (20.0 mL), followed by the addition of sulfonoperoxoyl chloride (8.0 mL) at -78 °C. The mixture was stirred for 2 h at 60°C, then concentrated under vacuum. To the resulting residue was added sulfuroyl dichloride (20.0 mL) and the solution was stirred for 2 h at 85°C. The reaction mixture was cooled to room

temperature and then quenched by the addition of water/ice. The resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x) and the combined organic layers dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (0:100 to 100:0) to afford 3-(difluoromethoxy)-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride as a brown liquid. MS ESI calculated for C6H8CIF2N2O3S (M + H)+ 260.6, found 260.8 (M + H) +; 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.91 (s, 1H), 7.05 (t, J =

71.7 Hz, lH), 4.12 (q, J= 7.5 Hz, 2H), 1.53 (t, J= 7.2 Hz, 3H); F-NMR (300 MHz, CDC13): δ -85.82.

INTERMEDIATE 11: Synthesis of l-(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride


Step 1 - Synthesis of l-(3-ethoxy-lH-pyraz -l-yl)ethanone


[0229] To a 100 mL round-bottom flask was added l-(3-hydroxy-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)ethan- 1-one (2.0 g, 15.86 mmol, 1.00 equiv), N,N-dimethylformamide (20.0 mL) and potassium carbonate (4.4 g, 31.61 mmol, 2.00 equiv), followed by the addition of bromoethane (2.4 mL, 2.00 equiv) dropwise with stirring. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25 °C, then diluted with ethyl acetate. The resulting solution was washed with water and the organic layer dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (0: 100 to 1 :1) to afford l-(3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)ethanone as a white solid. 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDC13): δ 8.05 (d, 1H), 5.95 (d, 1H), 4.32 (q, 2H), 2.58 (s, 3H), 1.43 (t, 3H).

Step 2 - Synthesis of 3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole


[0230] To a 100 mL round-bottom flask was added l-(3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)ethan- 1-one (1.26 g, 8.17 mmol, 1.00 equiv), methanol (15 mL), tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) and sodium hydroxide aqueous (12 mL, 1 M). The resulting solution was stirred for 1 h at 25 °C, then diluted with H20. The resulting mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (3x) and the combined organic layers dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with dichloromethane/methanol (0: 100 to 1 : 10) to afford 3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole as a colorless liquid. 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.36 (d, 1H), 5.72 (d, 1H), 4.22 (q, 2H), 1.43 (t, 3H).

Step 3 - Synthesis of l-(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole


[0231] To a 100 mL round-bottom flask was added 3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole (2.0 g, 17.84 mmol, 1.00 equiv), N,N-dimethylformamide (30 mL) and potassium carbonate (4.9 g, 35.45 mmol, 2.00 equiv), followed by the addition of ethyl 2-chloro-2,2-difluoroacetate (3.4 g, 21.45 mmol, 1.20 equiv) dropwise with stirring. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 60 °C, then diluted with H20. The resulting mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (3x) and the combined organic layers washed with water, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column with ethyl ether/hexane (0: 100 to 1 :1) to afford l-(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole as a colorless liquid. 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.56 (d, 1H), 7.17 (t, 1H), 5.86 (d, 1H), 4.29 (q, 2H), 1.39 (t, 3H).

Step 4 - Synthesis of l-(difluoromethyl)-3-ethox -lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonic acid


[0232] To a 25 mL round-bottom flask was added l-(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole (600 mg, 3.70 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and trichloromethane (2.0 mL), followed by the addition of chlorosulfonic acid (1.0 mL) at -78°C. The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at 60 °C and then concentrated under vacuum to afford l-(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonic acid as colorless oil, which was used in the next step without further purification.

[0233]

Step 5 - Synthesis of l-(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride

F


[0234] To a 25 mL round-bottom flask was added l-(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonic acid (800 mg, 3.30 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and sulfuroyl dichloride (3.0 mL).

The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at 85 °C and then quenched by the addition of water/ice. The resulting mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (3x) and the combined organic layers dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (0: 100 to 100:0) to afford l-(difluoromethyl)-3-ethoxy-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride as brown liquid. 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDC13): δ 8.23 (s, 1H), 7.01 (t, J= 60.6 Hz, 1H), 4.44 (q, J= 7.2 Hz, 2H), 1.48 (t, J= 7.2 Hz, 1H); F-NMR (300 MHz, CDC13): δ - 96.34.

INTERMEDIATE 12: Synthesis of (R)-tert-butyl (2-(hydroxymethyl)-3,4-dihydi benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


Step 1 - Synthesis of 2-[[(2S)-3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl]amino]-4-nitrophenol


[0235] A solution of 2-amino-4-nitrophenol (250.0 g, 1.62 mol) and (2S)-2- (chloromethyl)oxirane (330.0 g, 3.57 mol) in ethanohwater (2500 mL : 25 mL) was stirred for twelve hours at 60 °C in an oil bath. The resulting mixture was cooled and concentrated to afford 2-[[(25)-3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl]amino]-4-nitrophenol as a brown oil.

Step 2 - Synthesis of [(2R)-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-l,4-benzoxazin-2-yl] methanol


[0236] A solution of 2-[[(25)-3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl]amino]-4-nitrophenol (400 g,

1.62 mol) in ethanol (2.5 L) and potassium carbonate (134.5 g, 973 mmol) was stirred for twelve hours at 90 °C in an oil bath. The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was diluted with water (1.5 L) and extracted three times with ethyl acetate (1 L). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried (Na2S04), and concentrated. The

residue was purified via MPLC over silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 : 1) to afford [(2i?)-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-l,4-benzoxazin-2-yl]methanol as a red solid.

Part 3 - Synthesis of ((R)-2-hydroxymethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[l,4]oxazin-6-yl)-carbamic acid tert-buty\ ester


[0237] The atmosphere above a solution of [(2i?)-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro

benzoxazin-2-yl]methanol (137 g, 652 mmol), palladium on carbon (13.7 g) and di-fert-butyl dicarbonate (157 g, 717 mmol) in methanol (1400 mL) was exchanged with hydrogen. The resulting solution was stirred for twelve hours at room temperature. The mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated. The crude product was purified by re-crystallization from ether to afford ((i?)-2-hydroxymethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[l,4]oxazin-6-yl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester as an off-white solid. LRMS (ESI) calculated for C14H21N2O4 280: Found: 281

(M+H)+. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC13): δ 6.92 (s, 1H), 6.71 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.41 (dd, J =8.7, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.26 (s, 1H), 4.20-4.21 (m, 1H), 3.76-3.86 (m, 2H), 3.26-3.35 (m, 2H), 1.53 (s, 9H).

INTERMEDIATE 13: Synthesis of (S)-methyl 2-(6-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b] [l,4]oxa


Step 1 - Synthesis of (R and 5)-methyl 2-(6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)acetate


[0238] To a stirred mixture of 2-amino-4-nitrophenol (5 g, 32.4 mmol), sodium bicarbonate (3.27 g, 38.9 mmol), and methanol (100 mL) was added a solution of methyl 4-bromocrotonate (3.82 mL, 32.4 mmol) in methanol (50 mL) dropwise during a 30 minute period. The reaction mixture was stirred an additional 18 hours at room temperature. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was dried (MgSC^) and concentrated. The residual oil was dissolved

in ethanol (100 mL) and potassium carbonate (1.614 g, 1 1.68 mmol) was added. The reaction was stirred for 2.5 hours at room temperature and concentrated. The residue was partitioned between dichloromethane and water. The organic layer was extracted with 1 N HC1. The aqueous solution was neutralized with IN NaOH and extracted with ethyl acetate. This organic layer was dried (Na2SC>4) and concentrated to afford the title compound. LRMS ESI calculated for CiiHi3N205 (M+H)+: 253, Found: 253.

Step 2 - Synthesis of (R)-methyl 2-(6-((ter^butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)acetate and (S)-methyl 2-(6-((terf-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydr o-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)acetate


[0239] To a stirred solution of methyl 2-(6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)acetate (6.09 g, 24.15 mmol) and methanol (48 mL) purged with nitrogen was added 10% Pd/C (7.71 g, 7.24 mmol) followed by di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (6.73 mL, 29.0 mmol). The atmosphere above the reaction was purged and replaced with an atmosphere of hydrogen and was stirred at room temperature for 24 h. The crude mixture was filtered through CELITE, rinsing with methanol. The combined filtrates were concentrated. The residue was purified via MPLC eluting with a gradient of 0-100% ethyl acetate in hexanes. The racemic product was submitted for chiral SFC separation (SFC Column: Chiral Technology AZ-H 2.1 X 25cm, 5uM; MP: 30% / 70% Ethanol/C02 (no other modifiers); Flow rate: 70 mL/Min, 6 min run time; WL: 220 nm; Injections of 0.30 mL were performed on the Berger Multigram II SFC). Mixture of Enantiomers LRMS ESI calculated for Ci6H23N205 (M+H)+: 323, Found: 323; (i?)-Enantiomer: LRMS ESI calculated for Ci6H23N205 (M+H)+: 323, Found: 323; (5)-Enantiomer: LRMS ESI calculated for Ci6H23N205 (M+H)+: 323, Found: 323.

EXAMPLES

[0240] The invention now being generally described will be more readily understood by reference to the following examples, which are included for purposes of illustration of certain aspects and embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the invention. Starting materials useful for preparing the compounds of Formula (I) can be obtained from commercial sources or are readily prepared from commercially available materials using transformations which are known to those of skill in the art of organic chemistry.

EXAMPLE 1: Preparation of (5)-ethyl 3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (Example No. 1A)


Part I - Preparation of (R)-(6-((tei"i-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-4-((4-fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl methanesulfonate

BocHN


[0241] To a solution of (R)-tert-butyl (4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)- 2-(hydroxymethyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (2.0 g, 3.95 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL) at room temperature under N2 was added methanesulfonyl chloride (0.462 mL, 5.92 mmol) followed by triethylamine (1.101 mL, 7.90 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 45°C for an hour, cooled down to room temperature, diluted with EtOAc, washed with saturated NaHC03, brine, dried (MgS04), and concentrated. The crude product was obtained as orange solid, which was used in the next step without further purification. MS ESI calculated for C22H24F4N208S2 (M + H)+ 585, found 442 (M-tBu+H) + and 607 (M+Na)+.

Part II - Preparation of (S)-triethyl 2-(6-((tei"i-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)ethane-l,l,l-tricarboxylate

BocHN


[0242] To a solution of (i?)-(6-((fert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-4-((4-fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl

methanesulfonate (500 mg, 0.855 mmol) and tetrabutyl ammonium iodide (348 mg, 0.941 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 mL) at room temperature was added triethyl methanetricarboxylate (0.983 mL, 4.28 mmol) followed by potassium carbonate (591 mg, 4.28 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 80°C for sixty hours. The mixture was cooled, diluted with EtOAc, washed with water and brine, dried (MgS04), and concentrated. The residue was purified by normal phase flash chromatography eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-50%) to give the desired product as a white solid after lyophilization. MS ESI calculated for C32H36F4 2O11S (M + H)+ 721 , found 665 (M-tBu+H)+.

Step III - Preparation of (S)-ethyl 3-(6-((tei"i-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (Example No. IB)


[0243] To a solution of (5)-triethyl 2-(6-((fert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-4-((4-fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)ethane- 1 , 1 ,1-tricarboxylate (300 mg, 0.42 mmol) in DMSO (2.5 mL) was added water (0.015 mL, 0.833 mmol) and lithium chloride (52.9 mg, 1.25 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 170°C for two hours, cooled to room temperature, and then stirred an additional 18 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc, washed with water and brine, dried (MgS04), and concentrated. The brown oil residue was used in the next step without further purification. MS ESI calculated for C25H28F4N207S (M + H)+ 577, found 599 (M+Na)+.

Step IV - Preparation of (S)-ethyl 3-(6-amino-4-((4-fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfony -3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0244] To a room temperature solution of (5)-ethyl 3-(6-((fert-butoxycarbonyl)

((4-fluoro-3 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2- yl)propanoate (250 mg, 0.434 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 mL) was added trifluoroacetic acid (1 mL, 13.0 mmol) and the mixture was stirred for ninety minutes. The solvent was removed in vacuo followed by lyophilization. MS ESI calculated for C2oH2oF4N205S (M + H) + 477, found 477 and 499 (M+Na) +.

Step V - Preparation of (S)-ethyl 3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (Example No. 1-A))


[0245] To a room temperature solution of (5)-ethyl 3-(6-amino-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (300 mg, 0.630 mmol) in DMF (12 mL) was added l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl \H-imidazole-l-carboxylate (210 mg, 0.945 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at 100°C for two hours. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool down to room temperature, diluted with EtOAc, washed with saturated NaHC03, brine, dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by normal phase chromatography eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-25%), to give the desired product as a white solid after lyophization. MS ESI calculated for

C25H25F7N207S (M + H)+ 631, found 648 (M+NH4) +. 1H-NMR (600 MHz, DMSO-<¾) 1.13 (3 H, t, J= 7.12 Hz), 1.67 (6 H, s), 1.68-1.80 (1H, m), 1.88-1.82 (1 H, m), 2.40 (2 H, d, J= 7.31 Hz), 3.3.36-3.40 (1H, m), 3.65 (1 H, s), 4.01 (2 H, q, J= 7.12 Hz), 4.29 (1 H, d, J= 13.89 Hz), 6.73 (1 H, d, J= 8.85 Hz), 7.02 (1 H, d, J= 8.93 Hz), 7.75 (1 H, t, J= 9.50 Hz), 7.92 (1 H, s), 8.16-8.12 (2 H, m), 9.71 (1 H, s).

EXAMPLE 2: Preparation of (S or R)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid and (R or S)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid (Example Nos. 2 A and 2B)

Step 1 - Preparation of (R)-4-benzyl-2-(bromomethyl)-6-nitro-3,4-dihyd]

benzo[6] [l,4]oxazme


[0246] To a room temperature solution of (i?)-(4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methanol (5.0 g, 16.7 mmol) and CBr4 (12.0 g, 36.2 mmol) in THF (50 mL) was added PPh3 (10.0 g, 38.1 mmol) portionwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C overnight, cooled, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column

chromatography (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 10: 1) to give the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci6Hi5BrN203 (M+H)+: 363, found: 363.

Step 2 - Preparation of (S)-diethyl 2-((4-benzy!-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)methy l)ma!onate


[0247] To a room temperature solution of (i?)-4-benzyl-2-(bromomethyl)-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazine (6.0 g, 16.5 mmol) and diethyl malonate (3.5 g, 21.9 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was added K2C03 (4.8 g, 34.73 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 100 °C overnight. The mixture was cooled, and diluted with water and IN HC1. The mixture was extracted with three times with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried (Na2S04) and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography

(petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 10: 1) to give the title compound as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C23H26N207 (M+H)+: 443, found: 443.

Step 3 - Preparation of (S)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydi

benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)methyl)-2-methylmalonate


[0248] To a room temperature solution of (5)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)malonate (5.0 g, 11.3 mmol) and Cs2C03 (8.0 g, 24.55 mmol) in DMF (50 mL) was added Mel (3.5 g, 16.5 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for two hours. The mixture was cooled, diluted with water and IN HC1, and extracted with three times with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with water, brine, (Na2S04), and concentrated to give the title compound as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI): calculated for C24H28N207 (M+H)+: 457, found: 457.

Step 4 - Preparation of ethyl 3-((S)-4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate


[0249] To a mixture of (S)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)-2-methylmalonate (2.0 g, 4.38 mmol) in DMSO (20 mL) was added LiCl (1.0 g, 23.6 mmol) and several drops of water. The reaction mixture was stirred at 170 °C for 10 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled, diluted with water, and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried (Na2S04) and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 20: 1) to give the title compound as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI): calculated for C2iH24N205 (M+H)+: 385, found: 385.

Step 5 - Preparation of ethyl 3-((S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate


[0250] To a room temperature solution of ethyl 3-((5)-4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate (800 mg, 2.08 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) was added Pd/C (500 mg). The mixture was stirred overnight under a hydrogen atmosphere (50 psi). The reaction mixture was filtered through a CELITE pad. The filtrate was concentrated to give the title compound as a black oil. LCMS (ESI): calculated for C14H20N2O3 (M+H)+: 265, found: 265.

Step 6 - Preparation of ethyl 2-methyl-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0251] To a mixture of ethyl 3-((5)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)- 2-methylpropanoate (950 mg, 3.59 mmol) and l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl 1H-imidazole- 1-carboxylate (900 mg, 4.05 mmol) in DMSO (10 mL) was added concentrated HC1 (150 mg) and the mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled, diluted with water, and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water, brine, dried (Na2S04), and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 3 : 1) to give the title compound as a colorless oil, which was further separated by SFC (Column: Chiralcel OJ-H 250x4.6mm I.D., 5 um Mobile phase:

ethanol(0.05% DEA) in C02 from5% to 40% Flow rate: 2.35mL/min wavelength: 220 nm) to give two isomers (peak 1 & peak 2). LCMS (ESI) calculated for C19H25F3N2O5 (M+H)+: 419, found: 419.

Step 7 - Preparation of (S or R)-ethyl 3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate and (R or S)-ethyl 3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydr o-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate

[0252] To a solution of ethyl 2-methyl-3-((S)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (peak 1) (400 mg, 0.96 mmol) in pyridine (2 mL) and THF (4 mL) was added 3-chloro-4-fluorobenzene-l-sulfonyl chloride (500 mg, 2.18 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 1.5 h. The mixture was cooled, diluted with water and IN HC1, and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water, brine, dried (Na2S04), and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 5: 1) to give the title compound as a colorless solid, which was further separated by SFC (Column: Chiralcel OJ-3 150x4.6 mm I.D., 3 um Mobile phase: ethanol (0.05% DEA) in C02 from 5% to 40% Flow rate: 2.5 mL/min Wavelength: 220 nm) to give two isomers.

(S or R)-ethyl 3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate

[0253] LCMS (ESI): calculated for C25H27C1F4N207S (M+H)+: 611, found: 611; 1H

NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.85 (dd, J= 6.5, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (br s, 1H), 7.54-7.62 (m, 1H), 7.21 (t, J= 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.77 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (br s, 1H), 4.21 (dd, J= 14.1, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 4.02-4.18 (m, 2H), 3.49 (t, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 3.17 (dd, J= 14.1, 9.8 Hz, 1H), 2.71 (ddd, J= 10.4, 6.9, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 1.90 (ddd, J= 14.1, 10.4, 3.4 Hz, 1H), 1.77 (s, 6H), 1.50-1.58 (m, 1H), 1.16 -1.27 (m, 6H).

(R or 5)-ethyl 3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate

[0254] LCMS (ESI): calculated for C25H27C1F4N207S (M+H)+: 611, found: 611; 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) 57.89 (dd, J= 6.3, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (br s, 1H), 7.61 (dd, J= 4.5, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (t, J= 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.75 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.63 (br s, 1H), 4.23 (dd, J= 13.9, 2.1 Hz, 1H), 4.14 (q, J= 7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.63 (br s, 1H), 3.18 (dd, J = 13.9, 9.7 Hz, 1H), 2.67 (sxt, J= 7.0 Hz, 1H), 1.94-2.04 (m, 1H), 1.77 (s, 6H), 1.55-1.59 (m, 1H), 1.25 (t, J= 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.14 (d, J= 7.0 Hz, 3H).

EXAMPLE 3: Preparation of Additional Ethyl Propanoate Derivatives

[0255] The compounds in Table 1 were prepared based on the experimental procedures described in Examples 1 and 2, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 1



0 yl)propanoate

EXAMPLE 4: Preparation of (5)-3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6- ((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid (4)


[0256] To a room temperature solution of (5)-ethyl 3-(4-((4-fiuoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (50 mg, 0.079 mmol) in THF (1 mL) was added aqueous 1 M lithium hydroxide (0.2 mL, 0.200 mmol). The mixture was stirred for an hour, and then additional aqueous 1M LiOH solution (0.5 mL) was added and the stirring continued for another four hours. The reaction mixture was neutralized with IN HC1 (0.7 mL) and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase chromatograrphy. After drying down, the desired product was obtained as a white solid. MS ESI calculated for C23H21F7N2O7S (M + H)+ 603, found 625 (M+Na).+ 1H NMR (600 MHz, OMSO-d6) δ 12.25 (s, 1H), 9.71 (s, 1H), 8.17 (1 H, d, J = 8.50 Hz), 8.12 (1 H, d, J = 5.97 Hz), 7.91 (1 H, s), 7.74 (1 H, t, J = 9.51 Hz), 7.01 (1 H, dd, J = 8.87, 2.44 Hz), 6.74 (1 H, d, J = 8.84 Hz), 4.29 (1 H, dd, J = 13.92, 2.31 Hz), 3.66 (1 H, s), 2.38-2.28 (2 H, m), 1.84-1.77 (1 H, m), 1.75-1.70 (lH, m), 1.67 (6 H, s).

EXAMPLE 5: Preparation of (S or R)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid and (R or S)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid (Example Nos. 5 A and 5B)


[0257] To a solution of (S or R)-ethyl 3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6- (((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate (100 mg, 0.15 mmol) in dioxane (3 mL) and H20 (3 mL) was added LiOH H20 (100 mg, 2.38 mmol), and the mixture was stirred at 10 °C for 2 hours. The mixture was diluted with water and IN HCl, and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water, brine, dried (Na2S04) and concentrated. The residue was purified by prep-TLC (DCM: MeOH = 30: 1) to give the title compound as a white solid. LCMS (ESI): calculated for C23H23C1F4N207S (M+H)+: 583, found: 583; 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ

7.75-7.93 (m, 2H), 7.54-7.65 (m, 1H), 7.20 (t, J= 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.68 (br s, 1H), 4.24 (dd, J = 14.1 , 2.0 Hz, 1H), 3.57-3.69 (m, 1H), 3.19 (dd, J = 14.1 , 10.0 Hz, 1H), 2.75-2.89 (m, 1H), 1.88-1.97 (m, 1H), 1.77 (s, 6H), 1.54-1.65 (m, 1H), 1.26 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 3H).

[0258] The other diastereomer was prepared utilizing the above route from (R or S)-3- ((5)-4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-methylpropanoate:

LCMS (ESI): calculated for C23H23C1F4N207S (M+H)+: 583, found: 583; 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.75-7.95 (m, 2H), 7.56-7.65 (m, 1H), 7.22 (t, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.04 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.75 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.67 (br s, 1H), 4.25 (dd, J = 14.1 , 2.0 Hz, 1H), 3.59-3.72 (m, 1H), 3.21 (dd, J= 14.1 , 9.5 Hz, 1H), 2.73 (sxt, J= 6.9 Hz, 1H), 1.97-2.10 (m, 1H), 1.77 (s, 6H), 1.61 (ddd, J= 14.2, 7.2, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 1.20 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H).

EXAMPLE 6: Preparation of Additional Propionic Acid-Substituted Benzoxazines

[0259] The compounds in Table 2 were prepared based on the experimental procedures described in Examples 4 and 5, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 2


E (S)-3-(4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- ( lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)- N-N

6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- 591 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)- [M+Na]+ 3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[¾] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2- o yl)propanoic acid

F (R or S)-3-((S)-4-((3- methoxy- 1 ,5 -dimethyl- 1H- \ pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6- N-N

(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2- 579 methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)- (M+H)+ 3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[¾] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)- 0 2-methylpropanoic acid

G (5 or R)-3-((S)-4-((3- methoxy- 1 ,5 -dimethyl- 1 H- pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6- (((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2- 579 methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)- (M+H)+ 3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[¾] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-
2-methylpropanoic acid

H (R or S)-3-((S)-4-((3- ( chloro- 1 -ethyl- 1 H-pyrazol- N-N

4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 - trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- 583 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)- (M+H)+ 3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[¾] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)- o 2-methylpropanoic acid

i (5 or R)-3-((S)-4-((3- ( chloro- 1 -ethyl- 1 H-pyrazol- N-N

4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 - trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- 583 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)- (M+H)+ 3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[¾] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)- o 2-methylpropanoic acid

0 yl)propanoic acid

0 yl)propanoic acid


yl)propanoic acid

0 yl)propanoic acid

0 yl)propanoic acid

0 yl)propanoic acid

0 2-methylpropanoic acid

0 2-methylpropanoic acid


2-methylpropanoic acid


0 acid


0 acid


yl)propanoic acid

(5 or R)-2-methyl-3-((S)-6- (((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4- 599 ι_ι o=s=o ((3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfo [M+H]+ nyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-CJ

benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2- 0 yl)propanoic acid

(S or R)-2-methyl-3-((S)-4- (m-tolylsulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1- trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- 545 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- dihydro-2H- [M+H]+ CK

benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2- 0 yl)propanoic acid

(S or R)-3-((S)-4-((4-fluaro- 3 -methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)- 6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifhioro-2- methylpropan-2- 579 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- [M+H]+ dihydro-2H-CL

benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2- 0 methylpropanoic acid

(5 or R)-3-((S)-4-((3- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)sul fonyl)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifhioro-2- methylpropan-2- 597 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- [M+H]+ dihydro-2H-CM

benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2- 0 methylpropanoic acid


benzo[6][l,4]oxazin-2- yl)propanoic acid

(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro- 3 -methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6- (((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- 563 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- [M+H]+ dihydro-2H-CS

benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2- 0 methylpropanoic acid

(S or R)-3-((S)-4-((4-fluaro- 3 -methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6- (((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- 563 ι_ι o=s=o

yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- [M+H]+ dihydro-2H-CT

benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2- 0 methylpropanoic acid

(5 or R)-3-((S)-4-((3- cyclopropylphenyl)sulfonyl)- 6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- o=s=o 571

I_I

yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- [M+H]+ dihydro-2H-CU

benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2- 0 methylpropanoic acid

(R or S)-2-methyl-3-((S)-6- (((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4- 599 ((3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfo [M+H]+ nyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-CV

benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2- 0 yl)propanoic acid


0 yl)propanoic acid

0 methylpropanoic acid EXAMPLE 7: Alternative Synthesis of (5)-3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid (4)


Step 1 - Synthesis of 2-(benzylamino)-4-nitrophenol


[0260] To a solution of compound 2-amino-4-nitrophenol (100 g, 0.648 mol) and benzaldehyde (82.6 g, 0.778 mol) in 2 L of MeOH was added NaBH4 (24.6 g, 0.648 mol) at 0 °C under N2. The mixture was stirred for 0.5 h, then poured into a mixture of ice and H20. After extraction with EtOAc (100 mL x 2), the combined organic phase was washed with brine and dried over Na2S04. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 20 : 1 to 3 : 1) to give the title compound as a red solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, Methanol-^) δ 7.44 (d, J= 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.20-7.39 (m, 6H), 6.71 (d, J= 8.6 Hz, 1H), 4.39 (s, 2H).

Step 2 - Synthesis of (R)-(4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2 yl)methanol


[0261] To a solution of 2-(benzylamino)-4-nitrophenol (75 g, 0.307 mol) and LiC104 (65.3 g, 0.614 mol) in 1 L of toluene was added (S)-2-(chloromethyl)oxirane (102 g, 1.11 mol) at 50 °C. The solution was stirred at 50 °C for 16 hours. Then NaOMe (33 g, 0.614 mol) in 125 mL MeOH was added slowly. The resulting solution was stirred at 50 °C for 16 hours. The reaction was quenched with H20 and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : DCM = 3 : 1 to 1 : 3) to afford the title compound as red oil. 1H NMR (400MHz, Methanol- d4) δ 7.51-7.53 (m, 2H), 7.26-7.35 (m, 5H), 6.88 (d, J = 9.6 Hz, 1H), 4.56-4.87 (m, 2H), 4.30-4.32 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.77 (m, 2H) , 3.47-3.51 (m, 1H), 3.31-3.37 (m, 1H).

Step 3 - Synthesis of (R)-4-benzyl-2-(bromomethyl)-6-nitro-3,4-dihyd]

benzo[6] [l,4]oxazine


[0262] To a solution of (i?)-(4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methanol (5.0 g, 16.65 mmol) and CBr4 (12. O g, 36.19 mmol) in THF (50 mL) was added PPI13 (10.0 g, 38.13 mmol) portionwise at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C overnight, then concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : EA = 10 : 1) to give the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci6Hi6BrN203 [M+H]+: 363, found: 363.

Step 4 - Synthesis of (5)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)malonate


[0263] To a solution of (i?)-4-benzyl-2-(bromomethyl)-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazine (6.0 g, 16.52 mmol) and diethyl malonate (3.5 g, 21.85 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was added K2C03 (4.8 g, 34.73 mmol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at 100 °C overnight, then quenched with water and IN HCl. The mixture was extracted with 3 x EtOAc. The combined organic phase was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 10 : 1) to give the title compound as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for

C23H27N207 [M+H]+: 443, found: 443.

Step 5 - Synthesis of (S)-ethyl 3-(4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2- yl)propanoate.


[0264] To a mixture of (S)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3 ,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)malonate (700 mg, 1.58 mmol) in DMSO (10 mL) was added LiCl (350 mg, 8.26 mmol) and several drops of water. The reaction mixture was stirred at 170 °C for 3 h, then quenched with water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 10 : 1) to give the title compound. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C2oH23N205 [M+H]+: 371, found: 371.

Step 6 - Synthesis of (S)-ethyl 3-(6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2- yl)propanoate


[0265] To a solution of (5)-ethyl 3-(4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[£][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (1.0 g, 2.70 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) was added Pd/C (500 mg) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred under H2 atmosphere (50 psi) until completion, then filtered through a CELITE pad. The filtrate was concentrated to give the title compound. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci3Hi9N203 [M+H]+: 251, found: 251.

Step 7 - Synthesis of (5)-ethyl 3-(6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0266] To a mixture of (S)-ethyl 3-(6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (1.5 g, 5.99 mmol) and l , l ,l-trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2-yl lH-imidazole-1-carboxylate (1.5 g, 6.75 mmol) in 15 mL of DMSO was added concentrated HC1 (0.6 mL) and stirred at 80 °C for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted 3x with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water, brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : EA = 5 : 1) to give the title compound as an off-white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C18H24F3N2O5

[M+H]+: 405, found: 405. 1H-NMR (400MHz, CDC13) δ 6.82 (br s, 1H), 6.69 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.43 (d, J= 6.0 Hz, 2H), 4.15 (q, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.36 (dd, J = 1 1.5, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 3.13 (dd, J = 1 1.5, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 2.46- 2.64 (m, 2H), 1.91-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.73 (s, 6H), 1.26 (t, J= 7.2 Hz, 3H).

Step 8 - Synthesis of (S)-ethyl 3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0267] To a vial equipped with a stir bar was added (S)-ethyl 3-(6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (20 mg, 0.049 mmol), pyridine (500 μΐ), and 4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzene-l-sulfonyl chloride (3 equiv., 0.148 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated at 40 °C for 2 h, then extracted with ethyl acetate and saturated NaHCC"3. The combined organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was taken forward without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C25H26F7N2O7S [M+H]+: 631 , found: 631.

Step 9 - Synthesis of (5)-3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid


[0268] To a room temperature solution of (5)-ethyl 3-(4-((4-fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (50 mg, 0.079 mmol) in dioxane (1 mL) was added aqueous 1 M lithium hydroxide (0.79 mL, 0.790 mmol). After 0.5 h, the reaction mixture was acidified with IN HCl to pH 1-2, extracted with EtOAc and concentrated. The crude product was purified by reverse phase chromatograrphy using

MeCN/water and TFA buffer to afford the title compound as a white solid. MS ESI calculated for C23H22F7N2O7S (M + H)+ 603, found 625 (M+Na).+ 1H NMR (600 MHz, DMSO-<¾) δ 12.25 (s, 1H), 9.71 (s, 1H), 8.17 (1 H, d, J = 8.50 Hz), 8.12 (1 H, d, J= 5.97 Hz), 7.91 (1 H, s), 7.74 (1 H, t, J = 9.51 Hz), 7.01 (1 H, dd, J= 8.87, 2.44 Hz), 6.74 (1 H, d, J= 8.84 Hz), 4.29 (1 H, dd, J = 13.92, 2.31 Hz), 3.66 (1 H, s), 2.38-2.28 (2 H, m), 1.84-1.77 (1 H, m), 1.75-1.70 (1H, m), 1.67 (6 H, s).

EXAMPLE 8: Synthesis of (R)-2-(((5)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid and (S)-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid (Example Nos. 8 A and 8B)

Step 1 - Synthesis of (5)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)-2-ethylmalonate


[0269] To a mixture of (S)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)malonate (4.00 g, 9.04 mmol; see Example 2) and K2CO3 (1.90 g, 13.8 mmol) in 120 mL of acetonitrile was added iodoethane (28.20 g, 181 mmol) and the resulting mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 30 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with H20, extracted with EtOAc (3 xlOO mL), washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography (0-30% ethyl acetate in petroleum ether) to afford the title compound as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C25H31N2O7 [M+H]+: 471, found: 471, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) 7.49-7.65 (2H, m), 7.20-7.39 (5H, m), 6.73 (1H, d, J= 8.6 Hz), 4.60-4.41 (2H, m), 4.32 (1H, t, J= 7.6 Hz), 4.07-4.25 (4H, m), 3.13-3.36 (2H, m), 2.16-2.32 (2H, m), 2.04-2.11 (2H, m), 1.18-1.29 (6H, m), 0.80-0.89 (3H, m).

Step 2 - Synthesis of (S and R)-2-(((S)-4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid


[0270] To a solution of (S)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)-2-ethylmalonate (2.50 g, 5.31 mmol)) in 30 mL of THF and 30 mL of water was added KOH (1.50 g, 26.7 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 16 h, then adjusted the pH to ~1 with 5 mL of 6 M aq. HCl. The organic layer was concentrated in vacuo, then 40 mL of concentrated HCl was added and the resulting mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 16 h. The solution was concentrated in vacuo, purified by flash

chromatography (50-100% EtOAc in petroleum ether) to afford the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C2oH23N205 [M+H]+: 371 , found: 371 , 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCls) δ 7.49 (1H, dd, J= 8.8 Hz, 2.3 Hz), 7.41 (1H, brs), 6.66-6.78 (1H, m), 4.12-4.25 (1H, m), 3.32-3.41 (1H, m), 3.1 1 (1H, ddd, J = 1 1.7 Hz, 7.0 Hz, 4.7 Hz), 2.68-2.79 (1H, m), 2.49-2.60 (1H, m), 2.10 (1H, dd, J = 14.2 Hz, 8.8 Hz), 1.87-1. 97 (1H, m), 1.57-1.78 (4H, m), 0.87-1.00 (3H, m).

Step 3 - Synthesis of (S and R)-2-(((S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid.


[0271] To a solution of (S and i?)-2-(((5)-4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid (800 mg, 2.85 mmol) in 15 mL of MeOH was added 200 mg of Raney Ni. The resulting mixture was stirred at 25 °C under H2 (15 psi) for 3 h, then filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound as a brown oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci3Hi9N203 [M+H] +: 251 , found: 251

Step 4 - Synthesis of (S)-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid and (R)-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid


[0272] To a solution of (S and i?)-2-(((5)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin- 2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid (650 mg, 2.60 mmol) in DMSO (5 mL) was added 3-methyl-l-(((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)-lH-imidazol-3-ium iodide (946 mg, 2.60 mmol) and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 0.5 h. Upon completion, the reaction mixture was poured into H20 (50 mL), extracted with EtOAc (30 mL x 3) and the combined organic layers washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated. The crude product was by purified by flash chromatography (0-60% EtOAc in petroleum ether) to afford the product of the title mixture as a yellow solid.

[0273] The two isomers were separated by chiral SFC purification (Column: Chiralpak

AD-3 150x4.6 mm I.D., 3 urn; Mobile phase: iso-propanol (0.05% DEA) in C02 from 5% to 40%; Flow rate: 2.5 mL/min; Wavelength: 220 nm). Isomer 1 (faster-eluting peak): LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci8H24F3N205 [M+H]+: 405, found: 405, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) 6.86 (1H, brs), 6.63-6.75 (1H, m), 6.58 (1H, brs), 6.39-6.51 (1H, m,), 3.38 (1H, t, J = 1 1.0 Hz), 3.08-3.16 (1H, m), 2.79 (1H, d, J = 6.3 Hz), 2.55-2.66 (1H, m), 2.10-2.17 (1H, m), 1.88-1.99 (1H, m), 1.60-1.74 (4H, m), 0.99 (3H, t, J= 7.4 Hz). Isomer 2 (slower-eluting peak): LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci8H24F3N205 [M+H]+: 405, found: 405.

Step S - Preparation of (S)-2-(((5)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid and (R)-2-(((5)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo 6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid


[0274] To a solution of (S or R)-2-(((S)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)butanoic acid

(Isomer 1 from Step 4; 20 mg, 0.049 mmol) in THF (2 mL) and pyridine (1 mL) was added 3-(trifluoromethyl)benzene-l-sulfonyl chloride (40 mg, 0.16 mmol) and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 36 h. The reaction mixture was poured inter 5 mL of water, extracted with EtOAc (5 mL x 3), washed with brine and dried over Na2S04. After

concentration, the crude product was purified by prep-HPLC to afford Example No. 8 A as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C25H27F6N207S [M+H]+: 613, found: 613, 1H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) 7.88-8.13 (4H, m), 7.75 (1H, t, J= 7.8 Hz), 7.00 (1H, dd, J= 8.8 Hz, 2.2 Hz), 6.70 (1H, d, J = 9.0 Hz), 4.39 (1H, d, J = 12.5 Hz), 3.49 (1H, br s), 3.20-3.28 (1H, m), 2.36-2.46 (lH, m), 1.84-1.93 (1H, m), 1.76 (6H, s), 1.64-1.72 (1H, m), 1.46-1.59 (2H, m), 0.90 (3H, t, J = 7.4 Hz).

[0275] The other isomer (Example No. 8B)was prepared from Isomer 2 from Step 4 using the above produre. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C25H27F6N207S [M+H]+: 613, found: 613,

1H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) 7.93 (1H, d, J = 6.3 Hz), 7.88-8.1 1 (4H, m), 7.75 (1H, t, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.01 (1H, d, J= 9.0 Hz), 6.67-6.75 (1H, m), 4.32-4.41 (1H, m), 3.43 (1H, br s), 3.20-3.28 (lH, m), 2.50 (lH, brs), 1.73-1.91 (7H, m), 1.48-1.63 (3H, m), 0.91 (3H, t, J= 7.2 Hz).

EXAMPLE 9: Preparation of (5)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-cyclopropylpropanoic acid and (R)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-cyclopropylpropanoic acid (Example Nos. 9A and 9


Step 1 - Preparation of (S)-methyl 2-(4-benzyl-6-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydr o-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazi -2-yl)acetate


[0276] To a solution of (5)-methyl 2-(6-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)acetate (1.3 g, 4.03 mmol) in dimethyl formamide (7 mL) were added potassium carbonate (0.836 g, 6.05 mmol) and (bromomethyl)benzene (1.035 g, 6.05 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 20 °C for 18 h, then diluted with water (150 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 100 mL). The separated organic layers were washed with brine, dried with Na2S04 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was purified by flash column chromatography (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 10: 1 to 5 : 1) to give the title compound as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C23H29N205 [M+H]+: 413, found: 413. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) 7.28-7.38 (5H, m), 6.78 (1H, br s), 6.72 (1H, d, J=8.61 Hz), 6.59 (1H, d, J=7.43 Hz), 6.24 (1H, brs), 4.54-4.60 (1H, m), 4.37-4.49 (2H, m), 3.69 (3H, s), 3.33 (1H, dd, J=1.96, 1 1.74 Hz), 3.12 (1H, dd, J=6.85, 1 1.54 Hz), 2.76 (1H, dd, J=6.85, 15.85 Hz), 2.57 (1H, dd, J=6.26, 16.04 Hz), 1.46 (9H, s).

Step 2 - Preparation of (S)-2-(4-benzyl-6-((ter^butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydri benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)acetic acid

BocHN


[0277] To a solution of (5)-methyl 2-(4-benzyl-6-((fert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)acetate (2.6 g, 6.30 mmol) in dioxane (26 mL) and water (26 mL) was added lithium hydroxide (0.226 g, 9.46 mmol), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 20 °C for 18 h. The reaction was diluted with water (100 mL), extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL x 3) and the aqueous layer was acidified with hydrochloric acid (1M, lOmL) to pH = 3. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (100 mL) and the combined organic layers were dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude title compound as a yellow solid, which was used in next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C22H27N205 [M+H]+: 399, found: 399. 1H NMR (400 MHz, Methanol-d4) 7.31-7.35 (5H, m), 7.23-7.26 (1H, m), 6.88 (1H, br s), 6.62-6.65 (1H, m), 6.55-6.60 (1H, m), 4.43-4.50 (3H, m), 3.35-3.39 (1H, m), 3.11 (1H, dd, J=7.28, 11.80 Hz), 2.62 (2H, t, J=6.27 Hz), 1.46 (9H, s).

Step 3 - Preparation of (S)-tert-buty\ (4-benzyl-2-(2-(methoxy(methyl)amino)- 2-oxoethyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0278] To a solution of (5)-2-(4-benzyl-6-((fert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)acetic acid (2 g, 5.02 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL) were added triethylamine (3.50 mL, 25.10 mmol) and HATU (2.290 g, 6.02 mmol), and the resulting mixture was stirred at 20 °C for 30 min, followed by the addition of Ν,Ο-dimethylhydroxylamine (1.533 g, 25.10 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 20 °C for 5 minutes, then concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product. Flash column

chromatography purification (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 3: 1 to 1 : 1) afforded the title compound as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H32N303 [M+H]+: 442, found: 442. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) 7.25-7.33 (5H, m), 6.70 (2H, d, J=8.61 Hz), 6.60 (1H, d, J=7.83 Hz), 6.24 (1H, brs), 4.64 (1H, dd, J=1.76, 6.46 Hz), 4.37-4.51 (2H, m), 3.67 (3H, s), 3.41 (1H, dd, J=1.96, 11.74 Hz), 3.21-3.24 (2H, m), 3.01 (3H, s), 2.61 (IH, dd, J=6.46, 15.85 Hz), 1.46 (9H, s), 1.36 (5H, t, J=7.24 Hz).

Step 4 - Preparation of (S)-tert-buty\ (4-benzyl-2-(2-cyclopropyl-2-oxoethyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate

BocHN


[0279] To a solution of (S)-tert-butyl (4-benzyl-2-(2-(methoxy(methyl)amino)-2-oxoethyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (6 g, 13.59 mmol) in THF (30 niL) was added dropwise cyclopropylmagnesium bromide (272 mL, 136 mmol) at 0 °C under N2. The reaction was stirred for 4 h at 0 °C, then quenched with sat. NH4C1 aqueous (50 mL). The biphasic mixture was extracted with EtOAc (50 mL x 3), dried over Na2S04 and concentrated to afford the crude title compound as a yellow solid, which was used in next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C25H3iN204 [M+H]+: 423, found: 423. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.28-7.34 (5H, m), 6.76 (IH, br s), 6.71 (IH, d, J=8.8Hz), 6.60 (IH, d, J=6.8Hz), 6.21 (IH, br s), 4.62 (IH, d, J=0.8Hz), 4.43 (2H, q, J=8.0Hz), 3.33-3.36 (IH, m), 3.01-3.13 (2H, m), 2.77-2.79 (IH, m), 1.93-1.96 (IH, m), 1.47 (9H, s), 1.03-1.06 (2H, m), 0.88-0.90 (2H, m).

Step 5 - Preparation of tert-buty\ ((S)-4-benzyl-2-((S and R)-2-cyano-2-cyclopropylethyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6- l)carbamate


[0280] To a solution of (S)-tert-butyl (4-benzyl-2-(2-cyclopropyl-2-oxoethyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (4.5 g, 10.65 mmol) and 1-((isocyanomethyl)sulfonyl)-4-methylbenzene (4.16 g, 21.30 mmol) in DME (150 mL) and ethanol (5 mL) was added NaOH (1.278 g, 32.0 mmol) in portions under N2 at 0 °C. The reaction was stirred at 30 °C for 18 h, then diluted with DCM (100 mL), washed with water (60 mL x 2) and brine and dried over Na2S04. After concentration, the crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 6: 1) to afford the title compound as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C26H32N303 [M+H]+: 434, found: 434. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.29-7.36 (5H, m), 6.81 (IH, d, J=7.2Hz), 6.72 (IH, d, J=7.2Hz), 6.60 (1H, d, J=7.2Hz), 6.23 (1H, br s), 4.42-4.45 (2H, m), 4.33-4.38 (1H, m), 3.24-3.29 (1H, m), 3.08-3.13 (2H, m), 2.55-2.65 (1H, m), 2.41-2.47 (1H, m), 1.85-2.05 (3H, m), 1.47 (9H, s), 0.63-0.66 (2H, m), 0.41-0.45 (2H, m).

Step 6 - Preparation of (R and S)-methyl 3-((S)-6-amino-4-benzyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)-2-cyclopropylpropanoate


[0281] To MeOH (10 mL) at 0 °C was added slowly sulfurous dichloride (3 mL, 2.076 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 30 mins. The resulting solution was next added to tert-butyl ((5)-4-benzyl-2-((5' and i?)-2-cyano-2-cyclopropylethyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (900 mg, 2.076 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 18 h. The reaction was quenched with 5 mL water and the mixture was adjusted to pH = 7 -8 with saturated NaHC03. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (15 mL x 3) and the combined organic layers dried over Na2S04. Purification by flash chromatography (petroleum ether/EtOAc = 10: 1 to 1 :2) afforded the title compound as a black oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C22H27N203 [M+H]+: 367, found: 367. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.25-7.36 (5H, m), 6.76-6.78 (1H, m), 6.52-6.58 (2H, m), 4.50-4.59 (2H, m), 3.73 (1H, s), 3.45-3.51 (1H, m), 3.26-3.28 (1H, m), 2.86-3.00 (1H, m), 2.05-2.12 (1H, m), 1.87-1.98 (2H, m), 1.24-1.32 (2H, m), 0.94 (1H, br s), 0.45-0.55(2H, m).

Step 7 - Preparation of (R and 5)-methyl 3-((5)-4-benzyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-cyclopropylpropanoate


[0282] To a solution of (R and S)-methyl 3-((5)-6-amino-4-benzyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-cyclopropylpropanoate (280 mg, 0.797 mmol) in DMSO (8 mL) was added 1 -((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)- lH-imidazol-3-iumiodide (307 mg, 0.876 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at 20 °C for lh. The reaction was extracted with EtOAc and saturated NaHC03 and the combined organic layer washed with brine, dried

over Na2S04 and purified by pre-TLC (petroleum ether/EtOAc = 1 : 1) to afford the title compound as a red oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C27H32F3N205 [M+H]+: 521 , found: 521. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.14-7.21 (5H, m), 6.58-6.62 (2H, m), 6.55 (1H, br s), 6.29 (1H, br s), 4.26-4.35 (2H, m), 4.12-4.15 (1H, m), 3.92-3.95 (1H, m), 3.57 (2H, q, J=4.8Hz), 3.10-3.13 (1H, m), 2.95-3.01 (1H, m), 1.75-1.98 (4H, m), 1.59 (6H, s), 1.13 (1H, s), 0.77 (1H, br s), 0.36-0.43 (2H, m), 0.1 1-0.27 (2H, m).

Step 8 - Preparation of (5)-methyl 2-cyclopropyl-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate and (R)-methyl 2-cyclopropyl-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy) arbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo 6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0283] To a solution of (R and S)-methyl 3-((5)-4-benzyl-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-cyclopropylpropanoate (350 mg, 0.672 mmol) in EtOAc (20 mL) was added Pd/C (35 mg, 10%). The reaction mixture was stirred under H2 balloon at 20 °C for 10 hours, then filtered and concentrated to give the title mixture of diastereomers as a light yellow oil.

The two isomers were separated by chiral SFC method (SFC-80; Column: Chiralpak AD, ΙΟμιη, Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd 250x30mmI.D.; Mobile phase: A: Supercritical C02, B: EtOH(20%) (contained 80% NH H20); Flow rate: 60 mL/min; Wavelength: 220 nm.

[0284] Isomer 1 (faster-eluting peak): LCMS (ESI) calculated for C2oH26F3N205

[M+H]+: 431 , found: 431. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 6.67 (1H, br s), 6.50 (2H, q,

J=10.0Hz), 6.27-6.35 (2H, m), 4.10 (1H, br s), 3.86 (1H, br s), 3.56 (3H, s), 3.19 (2H, t,

J=10.0Hz), 2.93-2.98 (1H, m), 1.76-1.98 (3H, m), 1.59 (6H, s), 0.77 (1H, br s), 0.12-0.43 (4H, m). Isomer 2 (slower-eluting peak): LCMS (ESI) calculated for C20H26F3N2O5 [M+H]+: 431 , found: 431. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 6.55 (1H, br s), 6.36-6.43 (1H, m), 6.14-6.23 (2H, m), 3.98 (1H, br s), 3.44 (3H, s), 3.06-3.13 (2H, m), 2.81-2.86 (2H, m), 1.86 (1H, br s), 1.53-1.67 (2H, m), 1.47 (6H, s), 0.64 (1H, br s), 0.22-0.38 (2H, m), 0.00-0.06 (2H, m).

Step 9 - Preparation of (S)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid and (R)-

2-cyclopropyl-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo 6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid


[0285] To a mixture of (S or i?)-methyl 2-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (Isomer 1 in Step 8; 150 mg, 0.348 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (5 mL) and water (5 mL) was added LiOH (167 mg, 6.97 mmol) and the reaction stirred at 20 °C for 6 h, then acidified to pH = 1 with ice cold 1 M HC1 solution. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (5 mL x 3) and the combined organic layers were washed by brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to afford the crude title compound (S or i?)-2-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid (Isomer 1) as red oil, which was directly used in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci9H24F3N205 [M+H]+: 417, found: 417.

[0286] The other diastereomer (Isomer 2, Step 9) was prepared using a similar procedure starting from Isomer 2, Step 8. LCMS (ESI) calculated for
[M+H]+: 417, found: 417.

Step 10 - Preparation of (5)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-cyclopropylpropanoic acid and (R)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-cyclopropylpropanoic acid


[0287] To a solution of (S or i?)-2-cyclopropyl-3 -((5)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid (Isomer 1 in Step 9; 10 mg, 0.024 mmol) in THF (1 mL) were added pyridine (1 mL) and 3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride (33.0 mg, 0.144 mmol) at room temperature under N2. The reaction was stirred at 20 °C for 18 h, then poured into 5 mL of water. The resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 mL x 3) and the combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The crude product was purified by prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to afford Example No. 9 A as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H29CIF3N4O7S [M+H]+:609, found: 609. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ 8.07 (1H, s), 6.76-6.83 (2H, m), 6.58 (1H, s), 4.37 (1H, d, J=13.6 Hz), 4.10 (2H, q, J=7.2 Hz), 3.97 (1H, br s), 3.35 (1H, t, J=11.2 Hz), 1.91-2.15 (3H, m), 1.76 (6H, s), 1.47 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 0.99 (1H, br s), 0.61 (3H, d, J=4.0 Hz), 0.41-0.45 (1H, m), 0.15-0.22 (1H, m).

[0288] The other diastereomer (Example No. 9B) was prepared using a similar procedure starting from Isomer 2 described in Step 9. LCMS (ESI) calculated for

C24H29CIF3N4O7S [M+H]+:609, found: 609. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.07 (1H, s), 6.75- 6.84 (2H, m), 6.59 (1H, s), 4.41 (1H, d, J=14.0 Hz), 4.21 (1H, br s), 4.10 (2H, q, J=7.2 Hz), 3.35-3.41 (1H, m), 2.14-2.15 (1H, m), 1.91-1.97 (2H, m), 1.76 (6H, s), 1.47 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 0.85-0.95 (1H, m), 0.58 (2H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 0.41-0.45 (1H, m), 0.21-0.25 (1H, m).

EXAMPLE 10: Preparation of Additional Propionic Acid alpha-Substituted Benzoxazines

[0289] The compounds in Table 3 were prepared based on the methodology herein and the experimental procedures described in Examples 8 and 9, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 3


' ^ 0 yl)methyl)butanoic acid

' ^ 0 yl)methyl)butanoic acid

' ^ 0 yl)methyl)butanoic acid


0 yl)propanoic acid

0 yl)propanoic acid

0 yl)propanoic acid EXAMPLE 11: Preparation of (S)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)pro anoic acid


Step 1 - Preparation of 2,2-dimethylpen -4-enenitrile


[0290] To a solution of isobutyronitrile (40 g, 579 mmol) in THF (250 mL), which was stirred in a 1000 mL of three-neck round bottom flask, was added LDA (637 mL, 637 mmol) dropwise at -78 °C under nitrogen. After stirring for lh, 3-bromoprop-l-ene (74.9 g, 619 mmol) was added dropwise to the mixture at -78 °C and stirred at -78 °C for an additional 8 h. Upon completion, the reaction mixture was poured into ice water (800 mL) with stirring and the separated aqueous layer extracted with CH2CI2 (3x). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated at 20 °C to afford 2,2-dimethylpent-4-enenitrile as yellow oil, which was used directly without further purification.

Step 2 - Preparation of (S and R)-2,2-dim thyl-3-(oxiran-2-yl)propanenitrile


[0291] To a solution of 2,2-dimethylpent-4-enenitrile (crude 94 g from step 1 , 568 mmol) in DCM (1200 mL), stirred in a 2 L of round bottom flask, was added m-CPBA (1 18 g, 682 mmol) in portions at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature (15 °C) for 3 days. The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was diluted with DCM (3000 mL), then washed with 1 N NaOH solution (1200 mL, 3x). The organic layer was dried over Na2S04 and evaporated at 25 °C. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (petroleum ether : ethyl acetate = 50 : 1 to 10 : 1) to afford the product mixture of enantiomers (S and R)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(oxiran-2-yl)propanenitrile as a colorless oil.

Step 3 - Preparation of V-(2-fluoro-5-nitrophenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide


[0292] To a solution of 2-fluoro-5-nitroaniline (96 g, 615 mmol) in pyridine (379 mL,

4686 mmol), which was stirred in a 500 mL round bottom flask, was added Tosyl-Cl (176 g, 922 mmol) in portions at room temperature under nitrogen. The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 10 hours, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was rinsed with CH2C12 (100 mL, 2x) and the resulting yellow solid was dried under vacuum to give the crude title compound as yellow solid, which was used directly without further purification.

Step 4 - Preparation of (S and R)-N-(4-cyano-2-hydroxy-4-methylpentyl)- V-(2-fluoro-5-nitrophenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide


[0293] To a mixture of (S and i?)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(oxiran-2-yl)propanenitrile (43 g, 344 mmol) and N-(2-fluoro-5-nitrophenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (1 17 g, 378 mmol) in 1 ,4-Dioxane (400 mL) were added tetrabutylammonium bromide (1 1.07 g, 34.4 mmol) and K2CO3 (4.75 g, 34.4 mmol) in one portion at room temperature under nitrogen. The mixture was stirred at 90 °C for 17 h, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with water (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2S04, filtered and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography (100% dichloromethane) to afford the title compound (S and i?)-N-(4-cyano-2-hydroxy-4-methylpentyl)-N-(2-fluoro-5-nitrophenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide as yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C2oH23FN305S (M+H)+: 436.1 , found: 436.1.

Step 5 - Preparation of (S and R)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(6-nitro-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)propanenitrile


[0294] To a mixture of (S and i?)-N-(4-cyano-2-hydroxy-4-methylpentyl)-N-(2-fluoro-5-nitrophenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (50 g, 1 15 mmol) in anhydrous THF (300 mL) were added tetrabutylammonium bromide (3.70 g, 1 1.5 mmol) and NaOH (18.37 g, 459 mmol) in one portion at room temperature under nitrogen. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 1 hour, filtered and the filtrate concentrated under vacuum. The residue was recrystallized from MeOH (100 mL) to afford the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C2oH22N305S (M+H)+: 416.1 , found: 416.1.

Step 6 - Preparation of (R and S)-3-(6-amino-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanenitrile


[0295] To a solution of (S and i?)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(6-nitro-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanenitrile (23 g, 55.4 mmol) in ethyl acetate (400 mL) was added Pd/C (2.95 g) in one portion at room temperature under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at 30 °C under H2 (30 psi) for 16 hours. The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum to afford the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C2oH24N303S [M+H]+: 386.1 , found: 386.2.

Step 7 - Preparation of (S)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl-(2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate and (R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl-(2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0296] To a solution of (R and 5)-3-(6-amino-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanenitrile (39 g, 101 mmol) in DMSO (300 mL), which was stirred in a 1000 mL of round bottom flask, were added l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl lH-imidazole-l-carboxylate (22.48 g, 101 mmol) in one portion and concentrated HC1 (4.15 mL) dropwise at room temperature under nitrogen. The mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 5 hours, diluted with water (150 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (250 mL><3). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to

dryness. The crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography eluted with (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 10: 1 to 3 : 1) to afford (R and 5)-l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl-(2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate as a yellow solid.

[0297] The mixture of enantiomers was purified by chiral SFC (Column: Chiralpak AD

(250x30mm I.D., 10um) Mobile phase: Supercritical C02/MeOH (0.1%) ΝΗ3 · Η20 = 70/30 at 80 mL/min Column Temp: 38 °C Nozzle Pressure: 100 Bar Wavelength: 220 nm) to give compound Isomer 1 (RT = 5.5 min) and Isomer 2 (RT = 6.8 min) as yellow solids. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C25H29F3N305S [M+H]+: 540.2, found: 540.2.

Step 8 - Preparation (S)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropyl)-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydr -2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0298] To a solution of (S)- 1 , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl-(2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (Isomer 2 from

Step 7, 10 g, 18.53 mmol) in toluene (600 mL), which was stirred in a 1000 mL of round bottom flask, were added DIBAL-H (74.1 mL, 74.1 mmol) dropwise at -78 °C under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at -78 °C for lh and quenched with MeOH (74 mL), acidified by 1M HCl (244 mL) and stirred at 0 °C for 10 min. The resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (500 mL x 3). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : ethyl acetate = 3: 1) to give the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C25H30F3N2O6S [M+H]+: 543.2, found: 543.1. Isomer 1 (Step 7) was also taken forward using the above experimental procedure described for Isomer 2.

Step 9 - Preparation of (5)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(4-tosyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid


[0299] To a solution of (5)-l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropyl)-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (10.5 g, 19.35 mmol) in

THF (400 mL) and water (80 mL) were added sulfamic acid (1 1.27 g, 1 16 mmol), potassium dihydrogenphosphate (31.6 g, 232 mmol) and sodium chlorite (2.63 g, 29.0 mmol) at 0 °C. The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h, diluted with water (250 mL) and was extracted with EtOAc (3 x 500 mL). The combined organic layers were dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : ethyl acetate = 10: 1 to 1 : 1) to afford the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for

C25H30F3N2O7S [M+H]+: 559.2, found: 559.2.

Step 10 - Preparation of (5)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dih ro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid


[0300] To a solution of (5)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(4-tosyl-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan- 2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid (4 g, 7.16 mmol) in MeOH (100 mL), which was stirred in a 250 mL of round bottom flask, was added Mg (3.48 g, 143 mmol) at room temperature under nitrogen. The mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 18 hours, quenched with saturated NH4C1 (200 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 300 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried over Na2S04 and the filtrate concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by prep-HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C18H24F3 2O5 [M+H]+: 405.2, found: 405.1.

Step 11 - Preparation of (S)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)pro anoic acid


[0301] To a mixture of (5)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid (30 mg, 0.074 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (0.5 mL) were added 3-(trifluoromethyl)benzene-l-sulfonyl chloride (73 mg, 0.30 mmol, 4 equiv) and pyridine (0.5 mL). The reaction mixture was heated to 40 °C for 1 hour, then treated with H20 (5 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 4 mL). The organic layers were separated, combined, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound as a white solid after reverse phase HPLC purification (MeCN/water using TFA buffer). LCMS (ESI): calculated for C25H3oF6N307S

[M+NH4]+: 630, found: 630; 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.05 (IH, s), 7.81-7.83 (3H, m), 7.60 (IH, q, J= 7.6Hz), 7.01 (IH, d, J= 7.2Hz), 6.63-6.67 (2H, m), 4.22 (IH, d, J= 12.8Hz), 3.59 (IH, br s), 3.24 (IH, q, J= 9.6, 13.6Hz), 1.93 (IH, q, J= 9.6, 13.6Hz), 1.77 (6H, s), 1.68 (IH, d, J= 12.4Hz), 1.23 (3H, s), 1.16 (3H, s).

EXAMPLE 12: Preparation of Additional Alpha gewi-Dimethyl Propionic Acid- Substituted Benzoxazines

[0302] The compounds in Table 4 were prepared based on the experimental procedures described in Examples 1, 2, 4 and 11, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 4

(R)-3-(4-((3-ethoxy- 1 -ethyl- ( N-N lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6- (((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- 607 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- [M+H]+ dihydro-2H-C

benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)- 0 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

(R)-3-(4-((4-fluoio-3- methylphenyl)sulfonyl)-6- (((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- 577

F H °-r° yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- [M+H]+ dihydro-2H-D

benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)- OH 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

(5)-3-(4-((4-fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfo

nyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2- H o=s=o methylpropan-2- 631 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- [M+H]+ dihydro-2H-E

benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)- 0 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid

(5)-3-(4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- N-N lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6- (((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- 598 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- [M+H]+ dihydro-2H-F

benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)- 0 2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid


0 yl)propanoic acid

0 dimethylpropanoic acid

OH dimethylpropanoic acid


benzoxazin-2-yl]-2,2-

EXAMPLE 13: Preparation of (5)-l-((6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid and (R)-l-((6-((((l,l,l- trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2- yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (Example Nos. 13A and 13B)


Step 1 - Preparation of 1-allylcyclopropanecarbonitrile


[0303] To a solution of cyclopropanecarbonitrile (10 g, 149 mmol) in THF (10 mL), which was stirred in a 250 mL of three-neck round bottom flask, was added LDA (82 mL, 164 mmol) dropwise at 0 °C under nitrogen. After 10 min, the mixture was added dropwise to a solution of 3-bromoprop-l-ene (18.93 g, 157 mmol) in THF (20 mL) at 0 °C. The resulting solution was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h, then quenched by saturated NH4CI solution (20 mL) and diluted with water (200 mL). The organic layer was separated and resulting aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (35 mL x 3). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness at low temperature (< 30 °C). The crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography eluting with pure petroleum ether to afford the product 1- allylcyclopropanecarbonitrile as a yellow oil. 1H-NMR (CD3OD, 400MHz) δ 5.83 (1H, tdd, J = 6.9, 10.0, 16.8 Hz), 5.1 1-5.24 (2H, m), 2.20 (2H, br s), 1.18-1.26 (2H, m), 0.79-0.85 (2H, m).

Step 2 - Preparation of (R and S)-l-(oxi cyclopropanecarbonitrile


[0304] To a solution of 1 -allylcyclopropanecarbonitrile (8 g, 74.7 mmol) in DCM (80 mL), which was stirred in a 250 mL of round bottom flask, was added m-CPBA (18.19 g, 90 mmol) in portions at 0 °C. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 30 h, then diluted with DCM (100 mL). The separated organic layer was washed with 1M NaOH solution (60 mL x 3) and brine (60 mL x 2), dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to afford the crude title product as a yellow oil, which was used directly without further purification. 1H-NMR (CD3OD, 400MHz) δ 3.1 1 (1H, d, J = 1.9 Hz), 2.82 (1H, t, J = 4.1 Hz), 2.56 (1H, dd, J = 2.5, 4.1 Hz), 1.89 (1H, dd, J = 5.0, 14.4 Hz), 1.42-1.54 (1H, m), 1.20-1.31 (2H, m), 0.90-0.99 (1H, m), 0.82-0.88 (1H, m).

Step 3 - Preparation of (S and R)-l-((6-nitro-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarbonitrile


[0305] To a solution of N-(2-fluoro-5-nitrophenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (1 g,

3.23 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) were added (R and 5)-l-(oxiran-2-ylmethyl)cyclopropanecarbonitrile (1 g, 8.13 mmol), N-benzyl-N,N- diethylethanaminium chloride (0.1 10 g, 0.48 mmol) and potassium carbonate (1.56 g, 1 1.27 mmol) in one portion at room temperature under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at 100 °C in a microwave for 2 h. Another two batches were run under the same scale and conditions, and all three crude reaction mixture were combined, diluted with water (400 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (100 mL x 4). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by silica column (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 5 : 1 to 3 : 1) to afford the title product as a yellow solid. 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 8.75 (1H, br s), 7.87-8.00 (1H, m), 7.61 (2H, d, J = 8.2 Hz), 7.31 (2H, d, J= 7.8 Hz), 6.93 (1H, d, J = 9.0 Hz), 4.32 (1H, d, J = 14.4 Hz), 3.82 (1H, br s), 3.26 (1H, dd, J = 9.3, 14.0 Hz), 2.40 (3H, s), 1.64-1.81 (2H, m), 1.32 (2H, br s), 0.89-0.97 (1H, m), 0.78-0.85 (1H, m).

Step 4 - Preparation of (S and R)-l-((6-amino-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarbonitrile


[0306] To a solution of (S and i?)-l-((6-nitro-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarbonitrile (1.5 g, 3.63 mmol) in EtOAc (30 mL) was added Pd/C (0.6 g, 5.64 mmol) in one portion at room temperature. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C under a ¾ balloon for 8 h, then filtered and evaporated to dryness. The crude title product was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C20H22N3O3S [M+H]+: 384, found: 384. 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) 57.55 (2H, d, J = 8.2 Hz), 7.25 (3H, d, J= 7.0 Hz), 6.62 (1H, d, J= 8.6 Hz), 6.44 (1H, dd, J= 2.5, 8.4 Hz), 4.25 (1H, dd, J = 1.7, 14.2 Hz), 3.45-3.56 (1H, m), 3.14 (1H, dd, J = 9.5, 14.2 Hz), 2.37 (3H, s), 1.59-1.67 (1H, m), 1.50-1.59 (1H, m), 1.20-1.29 (2H, m), 0.86-0.94 (1H, m), 0.69-0.79 (1H, m).

Step 5 - Preparation of (S and R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-((l-cyanocyclopropyl)methyl)-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0307] To a solution of (S and R)- 1 -((6-amino-4-tosyl-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarbonitrile (1.3 g, 3.39 mmol) in DMSO (15 mL) was added l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl IH-imidazole-l-carboxylate (1.130 g, 5.09 mmol) in one portion at room temperature under N2. The reaction was stirred at 90 °C for 8 h, then diluted with water (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (50 mL x 3). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 5 : 1) to afford the title compound as a white solid. LCMS showed the product contains minor (<10%) CF3Boc imidazole. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C25H27F3N305S [M+H]+: 538, found: 538. 1H-NMR

(CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.69 (1H, br s), 7.51 (2H, d, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.21 (2H, d, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.72 (1H, d, J = 9.0 Hz), 6.63 (1H, br s), 4.19 (1H, dd, J = 1.7, 14.3 Hz), 3.51 (1H, d, J = 4.5 Hz), 3.1 1 (1H, dd, J = 9.5, 14.0 Hz), 2.33 (3H, s), 1.70 (6H, s), 1.58-1.66 (1H, m), 1.48-1.56 (1H, m), 1.17-1.26 (2H, m), 0.81-0.91 (1H, m), 0.67-0.77 (1H, m).

Step 6 - Preparation of (S and R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-((l-cyanocyclopropyl)methyl)-3,4-dih dro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0308] To a solution of (S and R)- 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-(( 1 -cyanocyclopropyl)methyl)-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (1.1 g, 2.046 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL), which was stirred in a 100 mL of round bottom flask, was added magnesium (0.497 g, 20.46 mmol) in one portion at room temperature under N2. The reaction was stirred at 80 °C for 3 h, then diluted with water (100 mL), acidified with IN HC1 (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (40 mL x 3). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 2 : 1) to afford the title product as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI): calculated for C18H21F3N3O3 [M+H]+: 384, found: 384. 1H NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 6.78 (1H, br s), 6.65 (1H, d, J= 8.5 Hz), 6.46 (1H, br s), 6.38 (1H, d, J = 8.5 Hz), 4.32-4.40 (1H, m), 3.44 (1H, dd, J = 2.5, 1 1.5 Hz), 3.12 (1H, dd, J = 6.0, 1 1.5 Hz), 1.76-1.85 (2H, m), 1.67 (6H, s), 1.21-1.29 (2H, m), 0.88-0.94 (1H, m), 0.79 (1H, d, J= 6.0 Hz).

Step 7 - Preparation of (S)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-((l-cyanocyclopropyl)methyl)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate and (R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-((l-cyanocyclopropyl)methyl)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0309] To a solution of (S and R)- 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-(( 1 -cyanocyclopropyl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (200 mg, 0.522 mmol) in THF (1 mL) were added pyridine (0.169 mL, 2.087 mmol) and 3-(trifluoromethyl)benzene-l-sulfonyl chloride (254 mg, 1.043 mmol) dropwise at room

temperature under N2. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 8 h, then concentrated and purified by prep-TLC (petroleum ether :EtO Ac = 2: 1) to afford the title racemate as a yellow oil.

[0310] The two enantiomers were separated by chiral SFC method (Chiralpak AD-3

150x4.6mm I.D., 3um Mobile phase: ethanol (0.05% DEA) in C02 from 5% to 40% Flow rate: 2.5mL/min Wavelength: 220nm. RT (Isomer 1) = 2.656 min, RT (Isomer 2) = 3.369 min). Both enantiomers have same analytical data: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C25H24F6N305S

[M+H]+: 592, found: 592.

Step 8 - Preparation of (S)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-((l-formylcyclopropyl)methyl)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate and (R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-((l-formylcyclopropyl)methyl)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0311] To a solution of (S or i?)-l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-((l-cyanocyclopropyl)methyl)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (64 mg, 0.108 mmol; Isomer 1 in Step 7) in toluene (1 mL) was added DIBAL-H (0.540 mL, 0.540 mmol, 1 M in THF) dropwise at -78 °C under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at -78 °C for 2 h, then quenched with MeOH (0.5 mL) and acidified with 1M HC1 (2 mL). Stirring was continued at 0 °C until the solution became clear. The resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 mL x 3) and the combined organic layers were washed with saturated NaHC03 and brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness to afford the crude title product (60 mg, Isomer 1 in Step 8), which was directly used next step without further purification. The other enantiomer (Isomer 2 in Step 8) was prepared using a similar procedure from Isomer 2 from Step 7.

Step 9 - Preparation of (5)-l-((6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid and (R)-l-((6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid

[0312] Crude (S or R)- 1 , 1 , 1 -trifhioro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-(( 1 -formylcyclopropyl)methyl)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (crude 60 mg, Isomer 1 in Step 8) was dissolved in THF (2 mL) and treated with NH2S03H (62.9 mg, 0.648 mmol) and KH2P04 (176 mg, 1.296 mmol), followed by the addition of a solution of NaC102 (14.65 mg, 0.162 mmol) in water (0.5 mL) drop wise at 0 °C. The reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h, then diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 mL x 3). The combined organic layers were evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to afford Example No. 13A (Isomer 1 in Step 9) as a white solid. The other enantiomer (Example No. 13B,

(Isomer 2 in Step 9) was prepared using a similar procedure from Isomer 2 from Step 8. Both enantiomers have same analytical data: LCMS (ESI): calculated for C25H25F6N207S [M+H]+: 611 found: 611. 1H NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 8.02 (1H, br s), 7.85 (2H, d, J= 5.4 Hz), 7.77 (1H, d, J= 7.4 Hz), 7.52-7.60 (1H, m), 7.06 (1H, d, J= 8.6 Hz), 6.73 (1H, d, J= 8.6 Hz), 6.59 (1H, s), 4.33 (1H, d, J= 14.0 Hz), 3.82 (1H, brs), 3.21 (1H, dd, J= 9.5, 13.8 Hz), 2.08 (1H, dd, J = 4.3, 14.8 Hz), 1.75 (6H, s), 1.45 (1H, dd, J= 7.6, 14.6 Hz), 1.36 (2H, brs), 0.94-1.02 (1H, m), 0.75-0.82 (lH, m).

EXAMPLE 14: Preparation of Additional a-Cyclopropanecarboxylic Acid-Substituted Benzoxazines

[0313] The compounds in Table 5 were prepared based on the experimental procedures described in Example 13, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 5

0 xylic acid

EXAMPLE 15: Preparation of (S and R)-2-hydroxy-3-((5)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4- dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid


Step 1 - Preparation of (S)-ethyl 3-(6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro

benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0314] To a microwave vial loaded with (5)-ethyl 3-(6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (1.0 g, 2.50 mmol) and 3-(trifluoromethyl)benzene-l-sulfonyl chloride (0.791 mL, 4.95 mmol) at room temperature was added pyridine (10 mL). The mixture was stirred at 50 °C overnight. The reaction was cooled down to room temperature, diluted with EtOAc, washed with water and brine, then dried over MgS04. The crude product was purified by normal phase flash chromatography using EtOAc/hexane (0-25%), to give the title compound as a white solid after lyophilization. MS ESI calculated for C25H27F6 2O7S (M + H)+ 613, found 635 (M+ Na)+.

Step 2 - Preparation of (R and S)-ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-((5)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydr o-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0315] To a solution of (S)-ethyl 3-(6-((((l ,l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3 -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (50 mg, 0.082 mmol) in THF (1 mL) at -78°C under Ar was added potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide (0.196 mL, 0.196 mmol; 1.0M in THF) and the mixture was stirred at -78 °C for 30 min. Then a solution of 3 -phenyl -2-(phenylsulfonyl)- 1,2-oxaziridine (Davis reagent) (64.0 mg, 0.245 mmol) in THF (1 mL) was added and the stirring continued at -78 °C. After 30 min, the reaction was warmed up to room temperature and quenched with saturated aqueous NH4C1. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc, washed with water and brine, and the combined organics dried over MgS04, filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by normal phase flash chromatography using EtOAc/hexane (0-50%), to give the title compound as a yellow oil. MS ESI calculated for C25H27F6N208S (M + H)+ 629, found 646 (M+NH4)+.

Step 3 - Preparation of (R and S)-2-hydroxy-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)pro anoic acid


[0316] To a solution of (R and 5)-ethyl 2-hydroxy-3-((5)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (30 mg, 0.048 mmol) in THF (3 mL) / water (2 mL) was added LiOH (5 mL, 5.00 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 h and then neutralized with IN HC1 and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in DMSO and purified by reverse phase HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to afford the title compound as a white solid. MS ESI calculated for C23H23F6N208S (M + H)+ 601, found 623 (M+Na)+. 1H NMR (600 MHz, d6-DMSO) δ 9.72 (s, 1H), 8.03 (dd, J= 14.3, 21.8, 4H), 7.79 (dd, J= 16.5, 24.4, 1H), 7.03 (t, J= 8.1, 1H), 6.79 - 6.62 (m, 1H), 4.48 - 4.31 (m, 1H), 4.16 - 3.99 (m, 1H), 3.77 - 3.53 (m, 1H), 2.74 (d, J= 45.8, 1H), 1.98 - 1.82 (m, 2H), 1.65 (s, 6H).

EXAMPLE 16: Preparation of (5)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid and (R)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-

yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid (Example Nos. 16A and 16B)


Step 1 - Preparation of (S)-tef"f-butyl(4-benzyl-2-(2-oxopropyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0317] To a solution of (5)-fert-butyl(4-benzyl-2-(2- (methoxy(methyl)amino)-2-oxoethyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (1 g, 2.265 mmol) in

tetrahydrofuran (50 mL) was added methylmagnesium bromide (2.7 mL, 8.1 mmol, 3 M in THF) under nitrogen at 0 °C, and the reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 2 h. The reaction was quenched with aqueous ammonium chloride and extracted with ethyl acetate (30 mL x 3). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography (petroleum ether : dichloromethane =10: 1 to 0: 1) to give the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C23H29N204 [M+H]+: 397, found: 397. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.20-7.38 (5H, m), 6.75-6.85 (1H, m), 6.68-6.72 (1H, m), 6.50-6.65 (1H, m), 6.29 (1H, s), 4.50-4.60 (1H, m), 4.38-4.48 (2H, m), 3.28-3.38 (1H, m), 3.00-3.10 (1H, m), 2.86-2.96 (1H, m), 2.52-2.68 (1H, m), 2.17 (3H, s), 1.44 (9H, s).

Step 2 - Preparation of 3-((S)-6-amino-4-benzyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [1,4] oxazin-2-yl) (2R and 2S)-methyl-2-((trimethylsilyl)oxy)propanenitrile


[0318] To a solution of {S)-tert-bvXy\ (4-benzyl-2-(2-oxopropyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (100 mg, 0.252 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 mL) were added zinc(II) iodide (81 mg, 0.252 mmol) and trimethylsilanecarbonitrile (250 mg, 2.52 mmol).

The reaction was stirred at 20 °C for 15 h, then concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude title compound as orange oil, which was used in next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C22H30N3O2S1 [M+H]+: 396, found: 396.

Step 3 - Preparation of (S)-3-((S)-6-amino-4-benzyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid and (R)-3-((S)-6-amino-4-benzyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2- l)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid


[0319] A solution of 3-((S)-6-amino-4-benzyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6][l ,4] oxazin-2-yl)-2-methyl-2-((trimethylsilyl)oxy)propanenitrile (50 mg, 0.126 mmol) in concentrated HC1 (1 mL) and acetic acid (1 mL) was stirred at 100 °C for 1.5 h. Upon completion, the reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum and purified by pre-HPLC (MeCN/H20 as eluent, 0.05% TFA) to give the titled compounds. Isomer 1 (faster-eluting peak): LCMS (ESI) calculated for C19H23N2O4 [M+H]+: 343, found: 343. 1HNMR (400 MHz, Methanol-d4) δ 7.18-7.40 (5H, m), 6.75-6.87 (1H, m), 6.42-6.56 (2H, m), 4.35-4.62 (3H, m), 3.40-3.52 (1H, m), 3.32-3.27 (1H, m), 2.35-2.22 (1H, m), 1.85-1.92 (1H, m), 1.43 (3H, s). Isomer 2 (slower-eluting peak): LCMS (ESI) calculated for C19H23N2O4 [M+H]+: 343, found: 343. 1HNMR (400 MHz, Methanol-d4) δ 7.21-7.42 (5H, m), 6.76-6.85 (1H, m), 6.45-6.58 (2H, m), 4.36-4.60 (3H, m), 3.42-3.51 (1H, m), 3.26-3.32 (1H, m), 2.08-2.22 (1H, m), 1.96-2.06 (1H, m), 1.48 (3H, s).

Step 4 - Preparation of (R)-3-((S)-4-benzyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid) and (S)-3-((S)-4-benzyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-meth lpropanoic acid)


[0320] To a solution of (S or i?)-3-((5)-6-amino-4-benzyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2 -methylpropanoic acid (Isomer 1 from Step 3, 150 mg, 0.44 mmol) in DMSO (5 mL) was added 3 -methyl- 1-((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-

yl)oxy)carbonyl)-lH-imidazol-3-ium iodide (175 mg, 0.48 mmol), and the reaction was stirred at 15 °C for 15 minutes. The reaction mixture was directly purified by pre-HPLC (MeCN/H20 as eluent, 0.05% TFA) to give the titled compound (R or S)-3 -((<S)-4-benzyl-6-(((( 1, 1 ,1 -trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid) (Isomer 1 from Step 4) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H28F3N2O6 [M+H]+: 497, found: 497.

[0321] The other isomer (Isomer 2 from Step 4) was prepared using a similar procedure from Isomer 2 from Step 3. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H28F3N206 [M+H]+: 497, found: 497.

Step 5 - Preparation of (S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid) and (R)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-((5)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)ox carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid)


[0322] To a solution of (R or S)-3-((S)-4-benzyl-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid (Isomer 1 from Step 4; 20 mg, 0.04 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was added Pd(OH)2 (15 mg) under argon, and the mixture was stirred at 15 °C under hydrogen balloon for 4 h, then filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the titled compound (S or i?)-2-hydroxy-2-methy 1-3 -((5)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid) (Isomer 1 from Step 5) as a dark oil, which was used in next step without purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci7H22F3N206 [M+H]+: 407: found: 407.

[0323] The other isomer (Isomer 2 from Step 5) was prepared using a similar procedure from Isomer 2 from Step 4. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci7H22F3N206 [M+H]+: 407, found: 407.

Step 6 - Preparation of (5)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic acid and (R)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-

yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2- l -2-h drox -2-meth l ro anoic acid


[0324] To a solution of (R or S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-((S)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid) (Isomer 1 from Step 5, 15 mg, 0.037 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (5 mL) were added pyridine (56.7 mg, 0.717 mmol) and 3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride (25.4 mg, 0.1 1 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 15 °C for 3 h, then concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by pre-HPLC (MeCN/H20 as eluent, 0.05% TFA) to give Example No. 16A (Isomer 1 from Step 6) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C22H27CIF3N4O8S [M+H]+: 599, found: 599. 1FINMR (400 MHz, Methanol-d4) δ 8.27 (1H, s), 7.86 (1H, s), 6.96-7.00 (1H, m), 6.72-6.75 (1H, m), 4.38-4.42 (1H, m), 4.12-4.25 (3H, m), 4.00-4.10 (1H, m), 2.00-2.05 (2H, m), 1.74 (6H, s), 1.40-1.43 (6H, m).

[0325] The other isomer, Example No. 16B, (Isomer 2 from Step 6) was prepared using a similar procedure from Isomer 2 from Step 5. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C22H27CIF3N4O8S [M+H]+: 599, found: 599. 1HNMR (400 MHz, Methanol-d4) δ 8.29 (1H, s), 7.85 (1H, s), 6.90-6.94 (1H, m), 6.70-6.75 (1H, m), 4.40-4.45 (1H, m), 4.00-4.20 (4H, m), 2.20-2.28 (2H, m), 1.73 (6H, s), 1.40-1.48 (6H, m).

EXAMPLE 17: Preparation of (S)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((5)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid and (R)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid (Example Nos. 17A and 17B)

Step 1 - Preparation of (5)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4] oxazin-2-yl)methyl)-2-methylmalonate


[0326] To a solution of (S)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)malonate (5.00 g, 11.30 mmol) in DMF (60 mL) were added CS2CO3 (7.36 g, 22.60 mmol) and Mel (1.766 mL, 28.3 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 80 °C for 2 h, then diluted with EtOAc (100 mL) and saturated aqueous NaCl (200 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (80 mL x 3). The combined organic layers was dried over Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo to afford the titled compound as an orange oil, which was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H29N2O7 [M+H]+: 457, found:457.

Step 2 - Preparation of (R and S)-ethyl 3-((5)-4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydi

benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate


[0327] To a solution of (S)-diethyl 2-((4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4] oxazin-2-yl)methyl)-2-methylmalonate (5.02 g, 11.00 mmol) in xylene (100 mL) was added (t-BuO)3AlH-Li (13.98 g, 55.0 mmol) at 25 °C. The mixture was heated to 140 °C for 12 h, then filtered through a pad of CELITE. The filtrate was concentrated to dryness and the crude product purified by column chromatography (Si02, petroleum ether :EtO Ac =10: 1 to 3 : 1) to give the title compound as yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C22H27N2O6 [M+H]+: 415, found:415.

Step 3 - Preparation of (R and S)-ethyl 3-((S)-6-amino-4-benzyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate


[0328] To a solution of (R and S)-ethyl 3-((5)-4-benzyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate (1.40 g, 3.38 mmol) in EtOAc (50 mL) was added Raney Ni (1.0 g, 1.704 mmol). The suspension was degassed under vacuum and purged with H2 several times, then stirred under H2 balloon at 25 °C for 10 mins. The reaction was filtered through a pad of CELITE and the filter cake was washed with EtOAc (30 mL x 3). The filtrate were concentrated to dryness to afford the crude title compound as a yellow oil, which was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C22H29N2O4 [M+H]+: 385, found:385. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC13): δ 7.26-7.32 (2H, m), 7.20-7.24 (3H, m), 6.50-6.58 (1H, m), 6.00-6.05 (1H, m), 5.94-5.98 (1H, m), 4.40-4.48 (2H, m), 4.10-4.26 (3H, m), 3.70-3.85 (2H, m), 3.28-3.15 (2H, m), 1.75-1.95 (2H, m), 1.25-1.32 (6H, m).

Step 4 - Preparation of (S and R)-ethyl 3-((S)-4-benzyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate


[0329] To a mixture of (R and S)-ethyl 3-((5)-6-amino-4-benzyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate (1.20 g, 3.12 mmol) in DMSO (20 mL) was added l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl lH-imidazole-l-carboxylate

(0.832 g, 3.75 mmol) and concentrated HCl (0.15 mL, 1.827 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 5 h, then diluted with EtOAc (50 mL) and water (100 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (30 mL x 3). The combined organic layer was dried over Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (Si02, petroleum ether:EtOAc =20: 1 to 3 : 1) to give the title compound as a light yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C27H34F3 2O6 [M+H]+: 539, found: 539. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCls): δ 7.26-7.40 (5H, m), 6.70-6.80 (2H, m), 6.60-6.65 (1H, m), 6.45-6.55 (1H, m), 4.45-4.55 (2H, m), 4.28-4.40 (1H, m), 4.08-4.25 (3H, m), 3.72-3.85 (1H, m), 3.15-3.30 (2H, m), 1.80-1.95 (2H, m), 1.73 (6H, s), 1.25-1.38 (6H, m).

Step S - Preparation of (5)-ethyl 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoate and (R)-ethyl 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoate


o

[0330] To a solution of S and R)-ethyl 3-((S)-4-benzyl-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate (100 mg, 0.186 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was added Pd/C (20 mg). The reaction was degassed under vacuum and purged with H2 several times, then stirred under H2 balloon at 25 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of CELITE and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness to afford the crude title compound.

[0331] The diastereomeric mixture was separated using prep HPLC (MeCN / water with

0.1% TFA) to give two isomers: Isomer 1 (faster-eluting peak): LCMS (ESI) calculated for C20H28F3N2O6 [M+H]+: 449, found: 449 and Isomer 2 (slower-eluting peak): LCMS (ESI) calculated for C2oH28F3N206 [M+H]+: 449, found: 449.

Step 6 - Preparation of (S)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((5)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid and (R)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-

methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)meth l)propanoic acid


[0332] To a solution of (S or R)-ethyl 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoate (Isomer 1 from Step 5, 120 mg, 0.268 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (3.0 mL) was added LiOH (32 mg, 1.336 mmol) and water (3.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 2 h, the treated with 1 N aq. HC1 (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (15 mL x 3). The organic layers were separated, combined, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (R or S)-3 -hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid (Isomer 1 from Step 6) as brown oil, which was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C18H24F3N2O6 [M+H]+: 421 , found: 421.

[0333] The other isomer (Isomer 2 from Step 6) was prepared from Isomer 2 from

Step 5 using a similar procedure as described above. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C18H24F3N2O6 [M+H]+: 421 , found: 421.

Step 7 -Preparation of (S)-3-((tei-i-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid and (R)-3-((tei"i-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo 6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid


[0334] To a solution of (R or S)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid (Isomer 1 from Step 6; 60 mg, 0.143 mmol) and lH-imidazole in DMF (2.0 mL) was added tert-butylchlorodimethylsilane (43.0 mg, 0.285 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 6 h, then diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (10 mL x 3). The organic layers were separated, combined, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product oil was purified by prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to afford the title compound (Isomer 1 from Step 7) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H38F3N206Si [M+H]+: 535, found: 535. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC13): δ 6.75-6.71 (1H, m), 6.55-6.70 (2H, m), 6.40-6.48 (1H, m), 4.15-4.25 (1H, m), 3.90-4.00 (1H, m), 3.60-3.75 (1H, m), 3.30-3.40 (1H, m), 3.05-3.15 (1H, m), 1.85-2.00 (2H, m), 1.73 (6H, s), 1.6 (3H, s), 0.90 (9H, s), 0.87 (6H, s).

[0335] The other isomer (Isomer 2 from Step 7) was prepared from (R or 5)-3-hydroxy- 2-methyl-2-(((iS)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid (Isomer 1 from Step 6) using a similar procedure as described above. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H38F3N206Si [M+H]+: 535, found: 535. 1H NMR (400MHz, CHCl3-d): δ 6.70-6.75 (1H, m), 6.50-6.60 (1H, m), 6.30-6.38 (2H, m), 4.15-4.20 (1H, m), 3.56-3.75 (2H, m), 3.20-3.25 (1H, m), 2.95-3.10 (2H, m), 1.90-2.00 (1H, m), 1.75-1.85 (1H, m), 1.45-1.65 (8H, m), 0.79 (9H, s), 0.00 (6H, s).

Step 8 - Preparation of (R)-3-((tei-i-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid and (S)-3-((tei"i-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)meth l)propanoic acid.


[0336] To a solution of (S or i?)-3-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)-2-methyl-2-(((5)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid (Isomer 1 from Step 7, 22 mg, 0.041 mmol) in THF (1.0 mL) was added 3-(trifluoro methyl)benzene-l-sulfonyl chloride (30 mg, 0.123 mmol) and pyridine (1.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 15 °C for 24 h, then concentrated in vacuo and the crude product was purified by basic prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using NH4OH

buffer) to afford the title compound (Isomer 1 from Step 8) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C3iH4iF6N208SSi [M+H]+: 743, found: 743.

[0337] The other isomer (Isomer 2 from Step 8) was prepared from (S or R)-3-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)-2-methyl-2-(((5)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid

(Isomer 2 from Step 7) using a similar procedure as described above. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C3iH4iF6N208SSi [M+H]+: 743, found: 743.

Step 9 - Preparation of (R)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((5)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid and (S)-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)meth l)propanoic acid


[0338] To a solution of (R or 5)-3-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)-2-methyl-2-(((5)-6- (((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid (Isomer 1 from Step 8; 1 1 mg, 0.015 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (0.5 mL) was added 4 M

HCl/dioxane (0.5 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 1 h, then concentrated to dryness. The crude product was purified by prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to afford Example No. 17A, (Isomer 1) as a white solid. LCMS(ESI) calculated for

C25H25F6N208S [M-H]~: 627, found: 627. 1H NMR (400MHz, Methanol-d4): δ 8.00-8.10 (1H, m), 7.96-7.90 (2H, m), 7.70-7.75 (1H, m), 6.90-7.00 (1H, m), 6.60-6.68 (1H, m), 4.30-4.38 (1H, m), 3.55-3.65 (2H, m), 3.40-3.50 (1H, m), 3.20-3.30 (1H, m), 1.90-2.00 (1H, m), 1.75 (6H, s), 1.55-1.65 (lH, m), 1.06 (3H, s).

[0339] The other isomer Example No. 17B, (Isomer 2) was prepared from (S or R)- 3- ((fert-butyldimethylsilyl) oxy)-2-methyl-2-(((5)-6-(((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methyl)propanoic acid (Isomer 2 from Step 8) using a similar procedure as described above. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C25H26F6N208SNa [M+Na]+: 651, found:651. 1H NMR (400MHz, Methanol-d4): δ 8.00-8.15 (2H, m), 7.96-7.90 (1H, m), 7.70- 7.80 (1H, m), 7.00-7.05 (1H, m), 6.65-6.75 (1H, m), 4.40-4.48 (1H, m), 3.54 (3H, s), 3.20-3.38 (1H, m), 1.85-1.92 (1H, m), 1.75 (6H, s), 1.55-1.75 (1H, m), 1.09 (3H, s).

EXAMPLE 18: Preparation of Additional a-Hydroxypropanoic and a- Hydroxymethylpropanoic Acid-Substituted Benzoxazines

[0340] The compounds in Table 6 were prepared based on the experimental procedures described in Examples 15, 16, and 17, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 6


(R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro- 3 -methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)- 6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- 595 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- F H 0=S=0 (M+H)+ dihydro-2H- benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2-C

hydroxy-2-methylpropanoic

0 acid

(R and 5)-3-((5)-4-((3- chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4- yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l ,l , l- trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- 585 yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- (M+H)+ dihydro-2H-D

benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2- 0 hydroxypropanoic acid

(R or iS)-2-hydroxy-2- methyl-3-((5)-6-((((l ,l ,l- trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4- 615 ((3- F H 0=S=0 (M+H)+

(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfo

nyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-E

benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2- 0 yl)propanoic acid

(R and 5)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro- 3 -methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)- 6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2- 603

(M+Na)+ yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4- YYI dihydro-2H-F F YN benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2- 0 hydroxypropanoic acid

~ 0 methylpropanoic acid

EXAMPLE 19: Preparation of (R)-3-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)

phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4- dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoic acid and (5)-3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl) phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoic acid (Example Nos. 19A and 19B)


Step 1 - Preparation of (R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (2-acetyl-4-benzyl-3,4- dihydr o-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0341] A solution of (R)- 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (4-benzyl-2- (methoxy(methyl)carbamoyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (2 g, 4.15 mmol) in anhydrous THF (20 mL) was cooled to -70 °C under N2. Methylmagnesium bromide (6.92 mL, 20.71 mmol, 3.0 M in diethyl ether) was added dropwise at -65 °C and the reaction stirred for 2 h. Upon completion, the reaction was poured into an ice solution of NH4C1 and the resulting mixture extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 10 : 1) to give the title compound as a light yellow solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCI3) δ 7.31-7.38 (2H, m), 7.29 (1H, d, J= 6.65 Hz, 1H), 7.22-7.26 (2H, m), 6.88 (1H, d, J= 8.61 Hz), 6.77 (1H, brs), 6.69 (1H, d, J= 6.26 Hz), 6.44 (1H, br s), 4.57 (1H, t, J = 4.11 Hz), 4.35-4.48 (2H), 3.43 (2H, d, J= 4.30 Hz), 2.24-2.29 (3H, m), 1.73 (6H, s).

Step 2 - Preparation of (S,ii)-methyl 3-(4-benzyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)but-2-enoate


[0342] To a solution of methyl 2-(dimethoxyphosphoryl)acetate (2.9 g, 16.09 mmol) in

THF (26 mL) was added in portions NaH (453 mg, 11.32 mmol, 60% in the mineral oil). After 20 minutes, a solution of (R)- 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl(2-acetyl-4-benzyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (1.3 g, 2.98 mmol) in THF (26 mL) was slowly added to the above mixture at 0 °C. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, then diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layer was dried over Na2S04 and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography

(petroleum ether : EtOAc = 10 : 1) to afford the title compound as a light yellow solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCI3) δ 7.14-7.26 (5H, m), 6.67-6.79 (2H, m), 6.56-6.63 (1H, m), 6.38 (1H, br s), 5.97 (1H, s), 5.64-5.74 (1H, m), 4.30-4.49 (3H, m), 3.57-3.63 (3H, m), 3.23-3.30 (1H, m), 2.98-3.15 (1H, m), 2.04 (2H, s), 1.91 (1H, s), 1.64 (6H, s).

Step 3 - Preparation of (R)-methyl 3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoate and (S)-methyl 3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)butanoate


[0343] A mixture of (S,E)-methyl 3-(4-benzyl-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)but-2-enoate (40 mg, 0.08mmol) and Pd/C (55 mg, 0.46 mmol) in EtOAc (2 mL) was stirred under H2 balloon at room temperature for 3 h. The mixture was filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by prep-TLC (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 3 : 1) to afford the title as a light yellow solid.

[0344] The two isomers were separated by chiral SFC using Chiralcel OD-H

250x4.6mm I.D., (5um) eluted with ethanol (0.05% DEA) in C02 from 5% to 40% (Flow rate: 2.35mL/min Wavelength: 220nm). Isomer 1 (faster-eluting peak): 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC13) δ 6.83 (1H, br s), 6.70 (1H, d, J = 8.2 Hz), 6.41-6.50 (2H, m), 3.95-4.00 (1H, m), 3.69 (3H, s), 3.28-3.33 (1H, m), 3.18-3.24 (1H, m), 2.60 (1H, dd, J = 5.1 , 14.9 Hz), 2.27-2.42 (2H, m), 1.74 (6H, s), 1.07 (3H, d, J= 6.7 Hz). Isomer 2 (slower-eluting peak): 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC13) δ 6.84 (1H, br s), 6.68 (1H, d, J = 8.6 Hz), 6.41-6.49 (2H, m), 3.83 (1H, t, J = 6.7 Hz), 3.69 (3H, s), 3.42 (1H, d, J = 1 1.4 Hz), 3.16 (1H, dd, J = 8.2, 1 1.4 Hz), 2.77 (1H, d, J= 1 1.0 Hz), 2.24-2.32 (2H, m), 1.74 (6H, s), 1.05 (3H, d, J = 6.3 Hz).

Step 4 - Preparation of (R)-3-((5)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoic acid and (R)-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoic acid


[0345] A solution of (R or 5)-methyl 3-((5)-6-((((l ,l , l-trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoate (Isomer 1 from Step 3, 10 mg, 0.025 mmol) and LiOH H20 (5 mg, 0.124 mmol) in dioxane/ H20 (1 mL/ 1 mL)

was stirred at 0 °C for 4 h. Upon completion, the reaction was adjusted to pH = ~3 with IN HC1 and extracted 3 x EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2S04, filtered and the solvent evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by prep-TLC

(petroleum ether :EtO Ac = 1 : 1) to afford the title compound (Isomer 1 from Step 4) as a light yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for CnffeFsNzOs [M+H]+: 391 , found: 391. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCI3) δ 6.86 (1H, br s), 6.72 (1H, d, J = 8.6 Hz), 6.46 (2H, br s), 4.02 (1H, br s), 3.37 - 3.19 (2H, m), 2.67 (1H, d, J = 10.6 Hz), 2.44 - 2.30 (2H, m), 1.74 (6H, s), 1.1 1 (3H, d, J = 6.7 Hz). The other isomer (Isomer 2 from Step 4) was prepared using the similar procedure from Isomer 2 from Step 3. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci7H22F3N205 [M+H]+: 391 , found: 391. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC13) δ 6.85 (1H, br s), 6.69 (1H, d, J= 8.6 Hz), 6.39-6.50 (2H, m), 3.86 (1H, br s), 3.44 (1H, d, J = 1 1.3 Hz), 3.18 (1H, dd, J = 8.0, 1 1.2 Hz), 2.82 (1H, d, J= 1 1.3 Hz), 2.29-2.37 (2H, m), 1.74 (6H, s), 1.09 (3H, d, J = 5.9 Hz).

Step 5 - Preparation of (R)-3-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoic acid and (S)-3-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihyd -2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoic acid


[0346] To a solution of (R or 5)-3-((5)-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)butanoic acid (Isomer 1 from Step 4, 7 mg, 0.018 mmol) and pyridine (1 drop) in anhydrous THF (2 mL) was added 4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzene-l-sulfonyl chloride (14 mg, 0.054 mmol). The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 4 h, then quenched with water and extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2S04, filtered and the solvent evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to obtain Example No. 19A (Isomer 1) as a light yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H23F7N207SNa [M+Na]+: 639, found: 639. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD3OD) δ 7.96-8.13 (3H,

m), 7.52 (1H, t, J = 9.4 Hz), 6.99 (1H, dd, J = 2.2, 8.8 Hz), 6.75 (1H, d, J = 8.6 Hz), 4.42 (1H, d, J = 14.1 Hz), 3.52 (1H, d, J = 9.4 Hz), 3.32 (1H, br s, 1H), 2.41-2.52 (1H, m), 2.18-2.28 (2H, m), 1.75 (6H, s), 0.99 (3H, d, J = 6.3 Hz). The other isomer, Example No. 19B, (Isomer 2) was prepared using a similar procedure from Isomer 2 from Step 4. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H23F7N207SNa [M+Na]+: 639, found: 639. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD3OD) δ 7.97-8.15 (3H, m), 7.52 (1H, t, J = 9.4 Hz), 6.93-6.99 (1H, m), 6.73 (1H, d, J = 9.0 Hz), 4.39 (1H, d, J = 12.5 Hz), 3.37 (2H, d, J= 19.2 Hz), 2.48-2.58 (1H, m), 2.1 1-2.24 (2H. m), 1.73 (6H, s), 1.02 (3H, d, J = 6.3 Hz).

EXAMPLE 20: Preparation of (R)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol- 4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylpropanoic acid and (S)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol- 4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylpropanoic acid (Example Nos. 20A and 20


Step 1 - Preparation of (R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl(4-benzyl-2-(cyclopropanecarbonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate

H B"

o

[0347] To a solution of (R)- 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl(4-benzyl-2- (methoxy(methyl)carbamoyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (5 g, 10.38 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added cyclopropylmagnesium bromide (20.8 mmol) dropwise at -60 °C and the reaction stirred for lh, then poured into ice solution of NH4C1 (25 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (20 mL x 3). The organic layer was concentrated under vacuum and the crude product purified by column chromatography on silica gel (petroleum ether :EtOAc = 10 : 1) to give the title compound as a white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC13): 7.17-7.28 (5H, m),

6.82 (1H, d, J=8.6 Hz), 6.65 (2H, d, J = 14.9 Hz), 6.39 (1H, br s), 4.63 (1H, t, J=4.3 Hz), 4.25 -4.42 (2H, m), 3.39 (2H, d, J=4.3 Hz), 2.31 - 2.41 (1H, m), 1.64 (7H, s), 1.05 (1H, dd, J=2.0, 4.7 Hz), 0.84 - 1.00 (3H, m, 3H).

Step 2 - Preparation of (S,ii)-methyl 3-(4-benzyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dih dro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylacrylate


[0348] To a solution of methyl 2-(dimethoxyphosphoryl) acetate (2.1 g, 1 1.7 mmol) in

15 mL of THF was added sodium hydride (197 mg, 8.22 mmol, 60% in mineral oil) in portions at 0 °C. Then the reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 0.5 h, followed by the addition of (R)-l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl(4-benzyl-2-(cyclopropanecarbonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (1 g, 2.16 mmol) in 5 mL of THF slowly at 0 °C. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 16 h, then quenched with H20 and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried and concentrated. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether :EtO Ac = 10: 1) to give the title compound as a colorless oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 7.33 (4H, d, J=3.9 Hz), 7.24 - 7.28 (1 H, m), 6.80 (1H, d, J=8.6 Hz), 6.69 (2H, br s), 6.41 (1H, br s), 5.88 (1H, t, J=5.3 Hz), 5.39 (1H, s) 4.36 - 4.58 (2H, m) 3.63 (3H, s) 3.34 (2H, d, J=5.5 Hz), 1.83 - 1.91 (1H, m), 1.70 (6H, s), 0.81 - 0.98 (2H, m), 0.68 - 0.78 (lH, m), 0.43 - 0.51 (1H, m).

Step 3 - Preparation of (S)-methyl 3-((S)-4-benzyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylpropanoate and (R)-methyl 3-((S)-4-benzyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylpropanoate

[0349] To a solution of (S^-methyl 3-(4-benzyl-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylacrylate (200 mg, 0.386 mmol) in 10 mL of MeOH was added NiCl2 (56.9 mg, 0.386 mmol) slowly at room temperature (15 °C). The mixture was stirred for 0.5 h, followed by the slow addition of NaBH4 (14.6 mg, 0.386 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 2 h, then quenched with H20 and extracted with 3 x EtOAc. The organic layer was dried and concentrated. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether:EtOAc = 50: 1) to give the title mixture as a colorless oil.

[0350] Two isomers were separated by SFC method (Column: OJ 300mm*50mm, ΙΟμιη; Mobile phase: 20% IP A, ΝΗ3 Ή20 at 200mL/min). Isomer 1 (faster-eluting peak):

1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.13-7.21 (5H, m), 6.50-6.56 (3H, m), 6.24 (1H, br s), 4.24-4.38 (2H, m), 3.90-4.00 (1H, m), 3.53 (3H, s), 3.38 (1H, s), 3.05-3.15 (1H, m), 2.56 (1H, dd, J=10.8 Hz, 6.0 Hz), 2.40 (1H, dd, J=10.8 Hz, 6.0 Hz), 1.56 (6H, s), 1.20-1.32 (1H, m), 0.52-0.62 (1H, m), 0.32 (2H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 0.01 (2H, d, J=7.6 Hz). Isomer 2 (slower-eluting peak): 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.15-7.36 (5H, m), 6.60-6.70 (3H, m), 6.42 (1H, br s), 4.35-4.50 (2H, m), 4.19 (1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 3.60 (3H, s), 3.42-3.48 (1H, m), 3.16 (1H, d, J=12.0 Hz), 2.66 (1H, dd, J=l 1.2 Hz, 7.2 Hz), 2.40 (1H, dd, J=8.8 Hz, 6.4 Hz), 1.65 (6H, s), 1.43-1.50 (1H, m), 0.64-0.68 (1H, m), 0.35-0.50 (2H, m), 0.00-.015 (2H, m).

Step 4 - Preparation of (5)-methyl 3-cyclopropyl-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate and (R)-methyl 3-cyclopropyl-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0351] To a solution of (S or i?)-methyl 3-((5)-4-benzyl-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylpropanoate (Isomer 1 from Step 3, 500 mg, 0.961 mmol) in EtOAc (30 mL) was added Pd/C (15 mg, 0.141 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred under 1 atm of H2 at 25 °C for 12 h, then filtered through a pad of CELITE and concentrated. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography on silica gel (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate = 3 : 1) to give the title compound (S or i?)-methyl 3-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-6-((((l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-

methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (Isomer 1 from Step 4) as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C20H26F3N2O5 [M+H]+: 431 , found: 431.

[0352] The other isomer (Isomer 2 from Step 4) was prepared using a similar procedure from Isomer 2 from Step 3. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C2oH26F3N205 [M+H]+: 431 , found: 431.

Step 5 - Preparation of (S)-3-cyclopropyl-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid) and (R)-3-cyclopropyl-3-((S)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid)


[0353] To a solution of (S or i?)-methyl 3-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (Isomer 1 from Step 4, 36 mg, 0.084 mmol) in 1 ,4-dioxane (0.5 mL) was added LiOH (10 mg, 0.418 mmol) in water (0.5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 2 h.

Hydrochloric acid (1M, 5mL) was added to the reaction mixture and the solution was extracted with ethyl acetate (5 mL x 3). The organic layers were separated, combined, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (S or i?)-3-cyclopropyl-3-((5)-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid) (Isomer 1 from Step 5) as brown oil, which was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci9H24F3N205 [M+H]+: 417, found: 417.

[0354] The other isomer (Isomer 2 from Step 5) was prepared using a similar procedure from Isomer 2 from Step 4. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci9H24F3N205 [M+H]+: 417, found: 417.

Step 6 - Preparation of (R)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol- 4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylpropanoic acid and (5)-3-((S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylpropanoic acid


[0355] To a solution of (S or R)-3 -cyclopropyl-3-((S)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid) (Isomer 1 from Step 5, 26 mg, 0.062 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (0.5 mL) and pyridine (0.5 mL) was added 3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride (36 mg, 0.157 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 2 h, then diluted with water (3 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (2 mL x 3). The organic layers combined, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to afford Example No. 20A (R or 5)-3-((5)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylpropanoic acid (Isomer 1 from Step 6) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H29CIF3N4O7S [M+H]+: 609, found: 609. 1HNMR (400 MHz,

CDCI3) δ 8.91 (1H, d, J=4.4 Hz), 8.09 (1H, br), 7.80-7.92 (2H, m), 6.72-6.85 (2H, m), 6.63 (1H, s), 4.77 (1H, d, J=13.2 Hz), 4.09 (2H, q, J=7.2 Hz), 3.28-3.37 (1H, m), 2.56-2.75 (2H, m), 1.76 (6H, s), 1.46 (4H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 0.81-0.92 (1H, m), 0.64-0.71 (1H, m), 0.54-0.62 (1H, m), 0.24-0.40 (2H, m).

[0356] The other isomer, Example No. 20B, (Isomer 2 from Step 6) was prepared using a similar procedure from Isomer 2 from Step 5. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H29CIF3N4O7S [M+H]+: 609, found: 609. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.07 (1H, s), 7.88 (1H, br), 6.77-6.90 (2H, m), 6.63 (1H, s), 4.49 (1H, d, J=13.2 Hz), 4.03-4.14 (3H, m), 3.57-3.68 (1H, m), 2.73-2.82 (1H, m), 2.54-2.63 (1H, m), 1.76 (6H, s), 1.51-1.60 (1H, m), 1.46 (3H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 0.79-0.90 (1H, m), 0.51-0.63 (2H, m), 0.18-0.31 (2H, m).

EXAMPLE 21: Preparation of Additional ^-Substituted Propanoic Acids

[0357] The compounds in Table 7 were prepared based on the experimental procedures described in Example 20, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 7


EXAMPLE 22: Preparation of (lR,2S)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, (lS,2R)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2- yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, (lR,2R)-2-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid and (lS,2S)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l- trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin- 2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (Example Nos. 22A, 22B, 22C, and 22D)



- Preparation of ethyl 2-(oxiran-2- l)cyclopropanecarboxylate


[0358] Sodium hydride (169 mg, 4.22 mmol, 60% in mineral oil) was added to the solution of trimethylsulfonium iodide (861 mg, 4.22 mmol) in THF (10 mL) and DMSO (10 mL) at 0 °C, and the resulting mixture stirred at 0 °C for 10 mins, followed by the addition of ethyl 2-formylcyclopropanecarboxylate (500 mg, 3.52 mmol). The reaction was stirred for another 1 h, quenched with aqueous NH4C1 and extracted with petroleum ether (30 mL x 2). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried and concentrated to afford the title crude compound as colorless oil, which was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C8Hi303 [M+H]+: 157, found: 157, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 4.1 1 (2H, d, J = 7.0 Hz,), 2.99-2.78 (1H, m), 2.78-2.70 (1H, m), 2.58-2.47 (1H, m), 1.69-1.59 (2H, m), 1.30-1.17 (3H, m), 1.1 1-1.04 (1H, m), 0.85 (2H, s).

Step 2 - Preparation of ethyl 2-(6-nitro-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4] oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylate as a mixture of diastereomers


[0359] Benzyltriethylammonium chloride (102 mg, 0.448 mmol) and N-(2-fluoro-5-nitrophenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (1391 mg, 4.48 mmol) were added to a solution of potassium carbonate (743 mg, 5.38 mmol) and ethyl 2-(oxiran-2-yl) cyclopropanecarboxylate (700 mg, 4.48 mmol) in dioxane (0.2 mL). The reaction was stirred at 90 °C for 16 h, then cooled to room temperature and dissolved in EtOAc (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with water and brine, dried and concentrated and the crude product purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with 30 % EtOAc in petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for
[M+H]+: 448, found: 448, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-de) δ 8.51-8.56 (1H, m), 7.92-8.04 (1H, m), 7.70-7.78 (2H, m), 7.41-7.50 (2H, m), 7.1 1-7.18 (1H, m), 4.35-4.44 (1H, m), 4.04-4.19 (2H, m), 3.54-3.66 (1H, m), 2.40 (3H, s), 1.82-1.92 (1H, m), 1.64-1.72 (1H, m), 1.24 (3H, s), 0.99-1.15 (2H, m).

Step 3 - Preparation of 2-(6-amino-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl) cyclopropanecarboxylate as a mixture of diastereomers


[0360] To a solution of ethyl 2-(6-nitro-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl) cyclopropanecarboxylate (700 mg, 1.57 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) and water (lmL) was added iron powder (876 mg, 15.7 mmol) and ammonium chloride (839 mg, 15.7 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 1 h, then filtered through CELITE and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with water and brine, dried and concentrated to afford the crude title compound as a gray solid, which was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C2iH25N205S [M+H] +: 417, found: 417, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-de) δ 7.63-7.75 (2H, m), 7.45 (2H, br s), 6.99-7.08 (1H, m), 6.53-6.64 (1H, m), 6.29-6.42 (1H, m), 4.83-5.09 (1H, m), 4.18-4.30 (1H, m), 4.05-4.17 (2H, m), 3.47-3.57 (1H, m), 2.76-3.17 (1H, m), 2.42 (3H, s), 1.49-1.82 (2H, m), 1.24 (3H, s), 1.06-1.16 (2H, m), 0.92-1.03 (lH, m).

Step 4 - Preparation of ethyl 2-(6-amino-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylat as a mixture of diastereomers


[0361] To a solution of ethyl 2-(6-amino-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylate (600 mg, 1.44 mmol) in DMSO (5 mL) was added 3-methyl-l-(((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)-lH-imidazol-3-ium iodide (577 mg, 1.58 mmol) and the reaction mixture stirred at 23 °C for 1 h. Water was then added and the reaction extracted with EtOAc (30 mL x 2). The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried and concentrated to afford the crude title compound as a white solid, which was directly used in the next step without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C26H3oF3N207S [M+H] +: 571, found: 571, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.62-7.74 (1H, m), 7.44-7.57 (2H, m), 7.15-7.29 (3H, m), 6.74 (2H, s), 4.21-4.34 (1H, m), 4.04-4.12 (2H, m), 3.08-3.23 (1H, m), 2.62-2.97 (1H, m), 2.32-2.41 (3H, m), 1.74 (6H, m), 1.40-1.60 (2H, m), 1.21-1.26 (3H, m), 1.17 (1H, m), 0.73-0.91 (lH, m).

Step 5 - Preparation of ethyl 2-(6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy) carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylate as a mixture of diastereomers


[0362] To a solution of ethyl 2-(4-tosyl-6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy) carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylate (680 mg, 1.19 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL) was added magnesium dust (290 mg, 11.9 mmol) and the reaction was stirred at 80 °C for 1 h, then filtered through CELITE. The solvent was removed in vacuo, and the crude product was purified by chromatography on silica gel, eluting with 25 % EtOAc in petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci9H24F3N205 [M+H]+: 417, found: 417, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 6.73-6.89 (1H, m), 6.63-6.71 (1H, m), 6.36-6.55 (2H, m), 3.74-3.85 (1H, m), 3.64-3.72 (4H, m), 3.53-3.62 (1H, m), 3.35-3.45 (1H, m), 3.17-3.27 (1H, m), 1.79-1.87 (1H, m), 1.72-1.78 (1H, m), 1.71 (7H, s), 0.94-1.17 (lH, m).

Step 6 - Preparation of ethyl 2-(4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl)sulfonyl)- 6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylate as a mixture of diastereomers


[0363] To a solution of methyl 2-(6-(((( 1,1,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl) oxy) carbonyl)amino)- 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylate (280 mg, 0.696 mmol) in THF (15 mL) and pyridine (15 mL) was added 4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl) benzene- 1-sulfonyl chloride (183 mg, 0.696 mmol) and the reaction stirred at 70 °C overnight. The solvent was removed in vacuo, and the crude product was purified by chromatography on silica gel, eluting with 30% EtOAc in petroleum ether to afford the title compound as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C26H26F7N207S [M+H] +: 643, found: 643.

Step 7 - Preparation of (lR,25)-2-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, (lS,2R)-2-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, (lR,2R)-2-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid and (lS,2S)-2-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylic acid



[0364] To a solution of methyl 2-(4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2- methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)cyclopropanecarboxylate (25 mg, 0.040 mmol) in THF (0.5 mL) and water (1 mL) was added lithium hydroxide (15 mg, 0.63 mmol) and the reaction stirred at room temperature for 24 h. The reaction mixture was directly purified by prep-HPLC to afford the title compound (mixture) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H22F7N2O7S [M+H] +: 615, found: 615.

[0365] The mixture was separated by chiral SFC (Chiralcel OD-3 150x4.6 mm I.D., 3 um; Mobile phase: methanol (0.05% DEA) in C02 from 5% to 40%) to only afford 4 pure

diastereomers. Example No. 22A, Isomer 1: 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.03-8.16 (1H, m), 7.88-7.98 (1H, m), 7.77-7.86 (1H, m), 7.27-7.37 (1H, m), 6.93-7.02 (1H, m), 6.77 (1H, d, J= 9.0 Hz), 6.55-6.65 (1H, m), 4.29-4.43 (1H, m), 3.24-3.38 (1H, m), 3.11-3.22 (1H, m), 1.68-1.78 (7H, m), 1.55-1.65 (1H, m), 1.27-1.36 (1H, m), 0.96-1.07 (1H, m). Example No. 22B, Isomer 2: 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.06-8.15 (1H, m), 7.90-7.99 (1H, m), 7.79-7.88 (1H, m), 7.32 (1H, s), 6.92-7.00 (1H, m), 6.77 (1H, s), 6.58 (1H, s), 4.33-4.44 (1H, m), 3.37-3.47 (1H, m), 3.23-3.34 (1H, m), 1.74 (7H, s), 1.62-1.70 (1H, m), 1.26-1.34 (1H, m), 1.04-1.12 (1H, m).

Example No. 22C, Isomer 3: 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.05-8.15 (1H, m), 7.86-7.98 (1H, m), 7.77-7.86 (1H, m), 7.27-7.36 (1H, m), 6.93-7.01 (1H, m), 6.79 (1H, s), 6.54-6.62 (1H, m), 4.31-4.42 (1H, m), 3.25-3.38 (1H, m), 3.12-3.23 (1H, m), 1.68-1.79 (7H, m), 1.55-1.65 (1H, m), 1.26-1.36 (1H, m), 0.97-1.07 (1H, m). Example No. 22D, Isomer 4: 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) 5 8.11 (1H, br s), 7.90-8.01 (1H, m), 7.84 (1H, br s), 7.32 (1H, t, J= 9.0 Hz), 6.96 (1H, dd, J= 8.8 Hz, 2.2 Hz), 6.76 (1H, d, J= 9.0 Hz), 6.57 (1H, s), 4.37 (1H, d, J= 13.3 Hz), 3.41 (1H, d, J= 6.3 Hz), 3.23-3.34 (lH, m), 1.74 (7H, s), 1.61-1.69 (1H, m), 1.25-1.34 (1H, m), 1.03- 1.13 (lH, m).

[0366] The compounds in Table 8 were prepared based on the experimental procedures described above in Example 22, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 8


acid


H V H acid


EXAMPLE 23: Preparation of 3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((((S)- l,l,l-trifluoro-3,3-dimethylbutan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H- benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid and 3-((5)-4-((4-fluoro-3- methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((((R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-3,3-dimethylbutan-2- yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid (Example Nos. 23A and 23B)


Step 1 - Preparation of (S)-ethyl 3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin- 2-yl)propanoate


[0367] To a microwave vial loaded with (5)-ethyl 3-(6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (1.0 g, 2.47 mmol) and 4-fluoro-3-methoxybenzene-l-sulfonyl chloride (1.1 g, 4.95 mmol) at room temperature was added pyridine (10 mL). The mixture was stirred at 50 °C for 12 h and then at 80 °C with an additional sulfonyl chloride (1 equiv.) for 2 h. The reaction was cooled down to room temperature, diluted with EtOAc and washed with water and brine. The combined organic layers were dried over MgS04, filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by normal phase flash chromatography eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-25%) to afford the title compound as a yellow oil. MS ESI calculated for C25H29F4N2O8S [M + H]+ 593, found 610 (M+NH4) +

Step 2 - Preparation of (S)-3-(6-amino-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid


[0368] To a solution of (S)-ethyl 3-(4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l ,l , l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (1 100 mg, 1.86 mmol) in THF (25 mL) / water (5 mL) was added LiOH (445 mg, 18.6 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 72 h, diluted with water and acidified with IN HC1 to pH 1-2. The aqueous layer was extracted 3 times with EtOAc and the combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and concentrated to afford the crude title compound as an orange solid, which was used in the next step without further purification. MS ESI calculated for Ci8H2oFN206S (M + H)+ 41 1 , found 41 1 (M+H)+.

Step 3 - Preparation of (S)-methyl 3-(6-amino-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydr o-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0369] To a solution of (5)-3-(6-amino-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid (700 mg, 1.71 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL) at room temperature was added thionyl chloride (0.622 mL, 8.53 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at refiux for 3 h. Upon completion, the solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was diluted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with NaHCCh and brine, dried over MgS04, and filtered and concentrated. The resulting crude product was used in the next step without further purification. MS ESI calculated for C19H22FN2O6S (M + H)+ 425, found 425 (M+H)+.

Step 4 - Preparation of methyl 3-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((((R and S)-l,l,l-trifluoro-3,3-dimethylbutan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0370] To a microwave vial loaded with (5)-methyl 3-(6-amino-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (40 mg, 0.094 mmol), CDI (61.1 mg, 0.377 mmol) and DMAP (23 mg, 0.188 mmol) was added acetonitrile (1 mL) and the vial was sealed and stirred at 80° C for 12 h. Then l , l ,l-trifluoro-3,3-dimethylbutan-2-ol (147 mg, 0.942 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred at 1 10° C for an additional 5 h. Upon completion, the reaction mixture was cooled down to room temperature, and used in the next step without removal of the solvent. MS ESI calculated for C26H31F4N2O8S (M + H)+ 607, found 624 (M+ NH4)+.

Step 5 - Preparation of methyl 3-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((((R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-3,3-dimethylbutan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)pr opanoate and methyl 3-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((((S)-l,l,l-trifluoro-3,3-dimethylbutan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0371] To a solution of methyl 3-((S)-4-((4-fluoro-3-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((((R and S)- 1 , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-3 ,3 -dimethylbutan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (55 mg, 0.091 mmol) in THF (3 mL) and water (2 mL) was added LiOH (5.4 mg, 0.227 mmol). The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 3 h, filtered and the filtrate directly purified by reverse phase HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to afford the racemic product mixture. Chiral SFC purification afforded the two title compounds as white solids: Column & Dimensions: Chiralcel OJ-H, 21 x 250 (mm); Outlet Pressure (bar): 100; UV wavelength (nm): 220; Flow rate (mL/min): 70; Modifier: Methanol +0.25% Dimethyl Ethyl Amine; % modifier in C02: 15; Sample amount (mg): 30; Diluent: Methanol/CAN; Diluent volume (mL): 2; Injection volume (mL): 0.25; Instrument: Thar 80.

[0372] Example No. 23A - Isomer 1 (rT = 2.99 min): MS ESI calculated for

C25H29F4N2O8S (M + H)+ 593, found 593 (M+H)+, 1H NMR (600 MHz, dtf-DMSO) δ 10.02 (s, 1H), 8.02 (s, 1H), 7.37 (dd, J= 21.3, 32.2 Hz, 3H), 7.10 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 5.06 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 4.27 (d, J= 13.7 Hz, 1H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.48 (s, 1H), 3.31 - 3.17 (m, 2H), 1.86 - 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.02 (s, 9H).

[0373] Example No. 23B - Isomer 2 (rT = 3.58 min): MS ESI calculated for

C25H29F4N208S (M + H)+ 593, found 593 (M + H)+ and 610 (M+ NH4)+, 1H NMR (600 MHz, d6-DMSO) δ 10.02 (s, 1H), 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.36 (d, J= 53.6 Hz, 3H), 7.10 (s, 1H), 6.75 (d, J= 8.3 Hz, 1H), 5.07 (s, 1H), 4.27 (d, J= 13.9 Hz, 1H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.47 (s, 2H), 3.25 (s, 3H), 1.73 (d, J= 67.4 Hz, 2H), 1.19 (s, 1H), 1.03 (s, 9H).

EXAMPLE 24: Preparation of Additional 6-Benzoxazine Carbamates

[0374] The compounds in Table 9 were prepared based on the experimental procedures described in Example 23, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 9



yl)propanoic acid EXAMPLE 25: Preparation of 3-((2S,3R)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid


Step 1 - Preparation of (S)-N-allyl-5-oxotetrahydrofuran-2-carboxamide


[0375] To (25)-5-oxotetrahydrofuran-2-carboxylic acid (10 g, 76.9 mmol) in

dichloromethane (200 mL) at 0°C was added oxalyl chloride (25 g, 197 mmol) followed by the dropwise addition of anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (0.4 mL). The reaction was stirred at 0°C for 20 minutes, then allowed to warm to ambient temperature overnight. The reaction was next concentrated in vacuo and azeotroped with toluene 3x. The resulting oil was redissolved in dichloromethane (150 mL) and kept at temperature between -30° and -40°C, followed by the dropwise addition of a mixture of allylamine (5.8 mL, 76.9 mmol) and triethylamine (21 mL, 154 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at -40 °C for 15 minutes, then at ambient temperature for 2 hours. Water (100 mL) was added to the reaction, then acidified with 1M hydrogen chloride. The aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane (3x) and the combined organic layers washed with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography eluting with a gradient of 20-100% ethyl acetate in hexanes to yield the title compound. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO- 6) δ 8.34 (m, 1H), 5.76 (m, 1H), 5.12-5.02 (m, 2H), 4.84 (m, 1H), 3.69 (m, 2H), 2.41 (m, 1H), 2.06

(m, 1H).

Step 2 - Preparation of (S)-l-allyl-3-hydroxypiperidine-2,6-dione

[0376] To a solution of (S)-N-allyl-5-oxotetrahydrofuran-2-carboxamide (8.7 g, 51.4 mmol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (40 mL) under nitrogen at -78 °C was added 1M potassium tert-butoxide (25.7 mL, 25.7 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran. The reaction was stirred for 1 hour, allowed to warm to -40 °C, then quenched with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate and the combined extracts washed with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-<¾) δ 5.79 (d, 1H, J= 4.5 Hz), 5.75-5.65 (m, 1H), 5.02 (m, 2H), 4.25-4.17 (m, 3H), 2.66 (m, 2H), 2.0 (m, 1H), 1.8 (m, 1H).

Step 3 - Preparation of (S)-l-allyl-3-((tei"i-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)piperidine-2,6-dione


[0377] To a solution of (5)-l-allyl-3-hydroxypiperidine-2,6-dione (7.73 g, 45.7 mmol) in dichloromethane (100 mL) was added imidazole (6.2 g, 91.4 mmol) and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (1.1 g, 9.1 mmol), followed by t-butyldimethylchlorosilane (8.3 g, 54.8 mmol). The reaction was stirred at ambient temperature overnight, then washed with 10% citric acid, the layers separated and extracted once with dichloromethane. The combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated onto silica. The crude product was purified by column chromatography eluting with a gradient of 2-40% ethyl acetate in hexanes to yield the title compound. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-<¾) δ 5.75 (m, 1H), 5.08 (m, 2H), 4.55 (m, 1H), 4.24 (m, 2H), 2.78 (m, 2H), 2.07 (m, 1H), 1.97 (m, 1H), 0.92 (s, 9H), 0.14 (s, 6H).

Step 4 - Preparation of (5S,6R)-l-allyl-5-((tei"i-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)-6-methylpiperidin-2-one.


[0378] To a solution of (5)-l-allyl-3-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)piperidine-2,6-dione (1 1.38 g, 40.2 mmol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (100 mL) under nitrogen at 0 °C was added 3M methylmagnesium bromide in diethyl ether (40 mL,120 mmol) slowly. The reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 3 hours, then carefully quenched with saturated ammonium chloride. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate and the combined extracts washed with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo (1 1.7 g). To the resulting oil (1 1.7 g, 39.1 mmol) in anhydrous dichloromethane (100 mL) under nitrogen at -78 °C was added triethylsilane (31.2 mL, 195 mmol) dropwise followed by boron trifluoride diethyl etherate (7.2 mL, 58.6 mmol) dropwise. The reaction was stirred at -78 °C for 3 hours, then at ambient temperature for 2 hours. The reaction was quenched with saturated sodium bicarbonate and stirred for 30 minutes. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer extracted with dichloromethane (2x). The combined organic layers were dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography eluting with a gradient of 20-80% ethyl acetate in hexanes to yield the title compound. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, OMSO-d6) δ 5.59 (m, 1H), 5.14 (m, 1H), 5.00 (m, 1H), 4.35 (m, 1H), 3.83 (m, 1H), 3.33-3.20 (m, 2H), 2.28 (m, 1H), 2.10 (m, 1H), 1.95 (m, 1H), 1.59 (m, 1H), 1.07 (d, 3H, J = 6.6 Hz), 0.82 (s, 9H), 0.00 (m, 6H).

Step 5 - Preparation of (5S,6R)-l-allyl- -hydroxy-6-methylpiperidin-2-one


[0379] To (5S,6R)- 1 -allyl-5-((tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)-6-methylpiperidin-2-one (0.67 g, 2.4 mmol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) under nitrogen at ambient temperature was added 1M tetrabutylammonium fluoride in tetrahydrofuran (3.5 mL, 3.5 mmol). The

reaction was stirred for 2 hours, then concentrated onto silica. The crude product was purified by column chromatography eluting with a gradient of methanol in dichloromethane to yield the title compound. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-<¾) δ 5.64 (m, 1H), 5.16 (dd, 1H, J= 17.4, 1.7 Hz), 5.03 (dd, 1H, J= 10.1, 1.1 Hz), 4.98 (d, 1H, J= 3.3 Hz), 4.2 (m, 1H), 3.63 (m, 1H), 3.50 (dd, 1H, J = 15.7, 6.1 Hz), 3.25 (m, 1H), 2.30 (m, 1H), 2.08 (m, 1H), 1.89 (m, 1H), 1.64 (m, 1H), 1.07 (d, 3H, J= 6.6 Hz).

Step 6 - Preparation of (5S,6R)-l-allyl-5-(2-bromo-4-nitrophenoxy)-6-methylpiperidin-2-one


[0380] To a solution of (55',6i?)-l-allyl-5-hydroxy-6-methylpiperidin-2-one in anhydrous

N,N-dimethylformamide (10 mL) under nitrogen at 0 °C was added l-bromo-2-fluoro-5-nitrobenzene (0.7 g, 3.2 mmol) followed by the addition of sodium hydride (60% in mineral oil, 0.15 g, 3.8 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 10 minutes until gas evolution subsided, then rinsed the flask sidewalls with anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (5 mL). The cooling bath was removed and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 2 hours, then quenched with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution, brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography eluting with a gradient of 0-10% methanol in dichloromethane to yield the title compound. MS (ESI): calculated for

Ci5Hi8BrN204 (M+H)+: 369, 371, found: 368.98, 370.98 (Br pattern).

Step 7 - Preparation of (5S,6R)-5-(2-bromo-4-nitrophenoxy)-6-methylpiperidin-


[0381] A suspension of (55',6i?)-l-allyl-5-(2-bromo-4-nitrophenoxy)-6-methylpiperidin- 2-one (2.6 g, 6 mmol) and rhodium (III) chloride hydrate (47 mg, 0.3 mmol) in 2-propanol (15 mL) was refluxed overnight. The hot reaction mixture was filtered through CELITE and washed with methanol. The filtrates were concentrated in vacuo and the resulting material was

partitioned between ethyl acetate and 10% citric acid. The layers were separated and the combined organic layer washed with water, brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in the presence of silica. The crude product was purified by column

chromatography eluting with a gradient of 0-10% methanol in dichloromethane to yield the title compound. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-<¾) δ 8.42 (d, 1H, J= 2.7 Hz), 8.21 (dd, 1H, J= 9.0, 2.8 Hz), 7.55 (s, 1H), 7.44 (d, 1H, J= 9.4 Hz), 4.74 (m, 1H), 3.56 (m, 1H), 2.26 (m, 2H), 2.10 (m, 1H), 1.95 (m, 1H), 1.18 (d, 3H, J= 6.7 Hz).

Step 8 - Preparation of (5S,6R)-5-(2-bromo-4-nitrophenoxy)-6-methyl-l-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl iperidin-2-one


[0382] To (55',6i?)-5-(2-bromo-4-nitrophenoxy)-6-methylpiperidin-2-one (0.31 g, 0.94 mmol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (5 mL) at -78 °C under N2 was added 1M lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide in tetrahydrofuran (1.0 mL, 1.0 mmol) dropwise. The reaction was stirred for 5 minutes at -78 °C, then treated with 3-(trifluoromethyl)benzenesulfonyl chloride (0.18 mL, 1.1 mmol). The cooling bath was removed and the reaction allowed to warm to ambient temperature, then stirred for an additional 1 hour. The reaction was quenched with saturated ammonium chloride and extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography eluting with a gradient of ethyl acetate in hexanes to yield the title compound. MS (ESI): calculated for
(M+Na)+: 559, 561, found: 568.9, 560.9 (Br pattern).

Step 9 - Preparation of ethyl (4S,5R)-4-(2-bromo-4-nitrophenoxy)-5-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonamido hexanoate


[0383] To a solution of (55',6i?)-5-(2-bromo-4-nitrophenoxy)-6-methyl-l-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)piperidin-2-one (0.15 g, 0.28 mmol) in ethanol (2 mL) was added a 21 wt. % sodium ethoxide in ethanol solution (0.13 mL, 0.34 mmol) and the reaction stirred at ambient temperature for 1 hour. Upon completion, the solution was acidified with 1M hydrogen chloride, then partitioned between ethyl acetate and brine. The organic layer was dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound. MS (ESI): calculated for CziffeBrFsNzOySNa (M+Na)+: 605, 607, found: 604.96, 606.91 (Br pattern).

Step 10 - Preparation of ethyl 3-((2S,3R)-3-methyl-6-nitro-4-((3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfon l)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0384] To ethyl (4lS,5i?)-4-(2-bromo-4-nitrophenoxy)-5-((3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonamido)hexanoate (155 mg, 0.27 mmol) dissolved in

warm toluene (3 mL) under nitrogen was added potassium phosphate tribasic (0.11 g, 0.53 mmol), copper(I) iodide (8 mg, 0.04 mmol), and N,N'-dimethylethylenediamine (14 μΐ, 0.13 mmol). The resulting mixture was refluxed overnight, then cooled and partitioned between ethyl acetate and saturated ammonium chloride. The layers were separated and the organic layer washed with saturated ammonium chloride solution, brine, then dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound. MS (ESI): calculated for C2iH2iF3N207SNa (M+Na)+: 525, found: 525.04.

Step 11 - Preparation of ethyl 3-((2S,3R)-6-amino-3-methyl-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfon l)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0385] A suspension of ethyl 3-((2^,3i?)-3-methyl-6-nitro-4-((3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (0.1 g, 0.2 mmol) and ammonium formate (0.13 g, 2 mmol) in methanol (3 mL) was degassed under vacuum, while refilling with nitrogen three times. 10% palladium on carbon (25 mg) was next added and the reaction refluxed for 1 hour, then cooled to ambient temperature and filtered through CELITE. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and the resulting solution partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound. MS (ESI): calculated for C2iH24F3N205S (M+H)+: 473, found: 473.07.

Step 12 - Preparation of ethyl 3-((2S,3R)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl) r opanoate.


[0386] To ethyl 3-((2lS,3i?)-6-amino-3-methyl-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)- 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (0.08 g, 0.17 mmol) in anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (1 mL) under nitrogen was added (2,2,2-trifluoro- 1,1 -dimethyl-ethyl)

imidazole- 1-carboxylate (64 mg, 0.29 mmol) and catalytic tosic acid monohydrate (3 mg, 0.02 mmol) and the reaction heated to 100 °C for 1 hour. Once cooled, the reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with water, 0.1M hydrogen chloride and brine. The organic layer was next dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to yield the title compound as a crude mixture which was carried on without further purification. MS (ESI): calculated for C26H28F6N207SNa (M+Na)+:

649, found: 649.09.

Step 13 - Preparation of 3-((2S,3R)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)pro anoic acid


[0387] To ethyl 3-((25,3R)-3-methyl-6-((((l , 1 , 1 -trifiuoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-4-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (0.11 g, 0.17 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) and was added lithium hydroxide (40 mg, 1.7 mmol) in water (1 mL). The reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 45 minutes, then acidified with 1M hydrogen chloride. The layers were partitioned between ethyl acetate and brine, separated, and the organics concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by preparatory HPLC to yield the title compound. MS (ESI): calculated for C24H24F6N207SNa (M+Na)+: 621 , found: 621.11. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-<¾) δ 9.72 (s, 1H), 8.05-8.00 (m, 4H), 7.81 (t, 1H, J= 8.0 Hz), 7.04 (dd, 1H, J= 9.0, 2.3 Hz), 6.74 (d, 1H, J= 9.0 Hz), 4.58 (m, 1H), 3.25 (m, 2H), 2.30-2.19 (m, 2H), 1.77 (m, 1H), 1.68 (s, 6H), 1.64 (m, 1H), 0.97 (d, 3H, J= 6.8 Hz).

EXAMPLE 26: Preparation of 3-((2S,35)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid, 3-((2S,3R)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-

yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid, 3-((2R,3R)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid and 3-((2R,3S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid (Example Nos. 26 A, 26B, 26C, and 26D)


- Preparation of (£')-2,2-dimethylhex-4-enenitrile


[0388] To a solution of isobutyronitrile (4 g, 57.9 mmol) in THF (20 mL), which was stirred in a 100 mL three-neck round bottom flask, was added LDA (31.8 mL, 63.7 mmol) dropwise at -78 °C under nitrogen. After stirring for lh, the reaction was treated dropwise with (E)-l-bromobut-2-ene (8.21 g, 60.8 mmol) at -78 °C. The resulting solution was stirred at -78 °C for 8 h, then poured into ice water (60 mL). The separated aqueous layer was extracted with

EtOAc (30 mL x 2) and the combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL x 2), dried over anhydrous Na2SC"4 and evaporated to afford the title compound as a yellow oil. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 5.46-5.62 (2H, m), 2.19 (2H, d, J=7.2Hz), 1.71 (3H, d, J=6.0Hz), 1.30 (6H, s).

Step 2 - Preparation of 2,2-dimethyl-3-((2S,3S and 2R,3R)-3-methyloxiran-2-yl)propanenitrile

[0389] To a solution of (E)-2,2-dimethylhex-4-enenitrile (19 g, 154 mmol) in DCM (500 mL), which was stirred in a 1 L of round bottom flask, was added 3-chlorobenzoperoxoic acid (31.9 g, 185 mmol) in portions at 0 °C. The reaction was stirred at 15 °C for 3 days, then diluted with DCM (300 mL). The organic layer was washed with 1 N NaOH solution (200 mL x 4), dried over Na2S04 and evaporated at 25 °C. The crude product was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (petroleum ether: ethyl acetate =10: 1) to afford the title compound as a colorless oil. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 2.77-2.83 (2H, m), 1.79-1.84 (1H, m), 1.64-1.67 (1H, m), 1.43 (3H, s), 1.39 (3H, s), 1.32 (3H, d, J=4.8Hz).

Step 3 - Preparation of (4S,5R and 4R, -4-bromo-5-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylhexanenitrile


[0390] To a solution of 2,2-dimethyl-3-((2S,3S and 2i?,3i?)-3-methyloxiran-2-yl)propanenitrile (1.5 g, 10.78 mmol) in DCM (50 mL) were added saturated HBr aqueous solution (5 mL, 44.2 mmol) and AcOH (5 mL, 87 mmol) at 0 °C and the reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. The reaction mixture was adjusted to pH = 8 with saturated NaHC03 and the separated organic layer was washed with brine (10 mL x 3), dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and evaporated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (EtOAc : petroleum ether = 0-20%) to afford the title compound as a colorless oil. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 4.19-4.22 (1H, m), 3.88-3.91 (1H, m), 2.20-2.25 (1H, m), 2.04-2.12 (2H, m), 1.50 (3H, s), 1.42 (3H, s), 1.31 (3H, d, J=6.0Hz).

Step 4 - Preparation of 4-bromo-2,2-dimethyl-5-oxohexanenitrile


[0391] At -78 °C, to a solution of (COCl)2 (0.636 mL, 7.27 mmol) in DCM (30 mL) was added (methylsulfinyl)methane (1 136 mg, 14.54 mmol) and the reaction was stirred at -78 °C for 30 minutes, followed by the addition of (4S,5R and 4i?,55)-4-bromo-5-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylhexanenitrile (800 mg, 3.63 mmol). The mixture was stirred at -78 °C for 1 h, then treated with Et3N (4.05 mL, 29.1 mmol) and stirred at -78 °C for an additional 1 h. The reaction was next diluted with 30 mL of DCM and washed with brine (20mL x 3). The separated organic

layer was dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and evaporated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (EtOAc : petroleum ether = 0 to 30%) to afford the title compound as a colorless oil. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 4.38-4.46 (1H, m), 3.10-3.17 (2H, m), 2.52-2.61 (2H, m), 2.42 (3H, s), 1.27 (3H, s), 1.24 (3H, s).

Step 5 - Preparation of (S and R)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(3-methyl-6-nitro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanenitrile


[0392] To a solution of 4-bromo-2,2-dimethyl-5-oxohexanenitrile in acetone (10 mL) were added 2-amino-4-nitrophenol (495 mg, 3.21 mmol) and K2C03 (887 mg, 6.42 mmol). The reaction was heated to 60 °C and for 16 h, then poured into water, and extracted with EtOAc (20 mL x 3). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL x 3), dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and evaporated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 30%) to afford the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci4Hi6N303 [M+H]+: 274, found: 274. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.18 (1H, s), 8.07 (1H, d, J=8.4Hz), 7.04 (1H, d, J=8.8Hz), 5.01 (1H, d, J=l 1.2Hz), 2.25 (3H, s), 2.02 (1H, t, J=l 1.6Hz), 1.67 (1H, d, J=l 1.6Hz), 1.47-1.49 (6H, m).

Step 6 - Preparation of 2,2-dimethyl-3-((2R,3S, 2R,3R, 2S,3R and 2S,35)-3-methyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanenitrile


[0393] To a solution of (S and i?)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(3-methyl-6-nitro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanenitrile (500 mg, 1.830 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added NaBH4 (138 mg, 3.66 mmol) in portions at 0 °C and the reaction was stirred at 15 °C for 1 h, then poured into water and extracted with DCM (10 mL x 3). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL x 3), dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by prep-TLC (petroleum ether:EtOAc = 1 : 1) to afford the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci4Hi8N303 [M+H]+: 276, found: 276. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.58-7.61 (1H, m), 7.48 (1H, d, J=2.8Hz), 6.86 (1H, d, J=9.2Hz), 4.49 (1H, d, J=9.2Hz), 3.59-3.60 (1H, m), 3.19-3.30 (1H, m), 2.38-2.49 (1H, m), 1.72-1.86 (3H, m), 1.46-1.57 (8H, m).

Step 7 - Preparation of 3-((2R,3S, 2R,3R, 2S,3R and 2S,35)-6-amino-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanenitrile


[0394] Pd-C (120 mg, 10% w/w) was added to a solution of the 2,2-dimethyl-3-((2i £

2R,3R, 2S,3R and 25*,J5)-3-methyl-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanenitrile (600 mg, 2.179 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL). The reaction was stirred under H2 atmosphere (50 psi) at 10 °C for 16 h, then filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum and the crude product was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (EtOAc:petroleum ether = 0 to 30%) to afford the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C14H20N3O [M+H]+: 246, found: 246. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 6.59-.6.63 (1H, m), 6.02-6.06 (1H, m), 5.97-5.98 (1H, m), 4.29 (1H, d, J=8.8Hz), 3.52 (1H, d, J=2.0Hz), 1.65-1.81 (3H, m), 1.47 (3H, s), 1.42 (3H, s), 1.16 (1H, d, J=6.8Hz).

Step 8 - Preparation of (2R, 3R)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-3-methyl- 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate, (2S, 3S)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-3-methyl- 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate, (2R, 3S)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-3-methyl- 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate and (2S, 3R)-2-(2-cyano-2-meth lpropyl)-3-methyl- 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0395] A solution of 3-((2R,3S, 2R,3R, 2S,3R and 2S, J5)-6-amino-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro- 2H-benzo[b][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanenitrile (300 mg, 1.223 mmol) and 1,1,1-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl lH-imidazole-l-carboxylate (299 mg, 1.345 mmol) in DMSO (5 mL) was added concentrated hydrochloric acid (60.3 mg, 0.611 mmol) and stirred at 80 °C for 5 h, then diluted with water (20 mL). The biphasic mixture was extracted with EtOAc (20 mL x 3) and the combined organic layers washed with brine (20 mL x 3), dried over Na2S04 and

concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 30 : 1 to 3: 1) to give the title mixture as a yellow solid.

[0396] The above mixture of 4 diastereomers was separated by SFC method (Instrument:

Thar SFC 350; Column: AD 250mm * 30mm, 5μιη; Mobile phase: A: Supercritical C02, B: MeOH (0.1% ΝΗ3 Ή2Ο), A:B = 80:20 at 60mL / min; Column Temp: 38°C; Wavelength:

220nm) to afford four isomers: Isomer 1-trans: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C19H25F3N3O3 [M+H]+: 400, found: 400. Isomer 2-cis: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C19H25F3N3O3 [M+H]+: 400, found: 400. Isomer 3-trans: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C19H25F3 3O3 [M+H]+: 400, found: 400. Isomer 4-cis: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C19H25F3N3O3 [M+H]+: 400, found: 400.

Step 9. Preparation of l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl ((2S,3R)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate, l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl ((2S,3S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-3-methyl-3,4-dihydr o-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate, 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluor o-2-methylpropan-2-yl

((2R,3R)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate and 1, 1,1 -trifluor o-2-methylpropan-2-yl ((2R,3S)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate.

[0397] To a solution of (2R, 3S or 2S, 3R; cz's)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-3-methyl- 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (Isomer 2-cis from Step 8) (100 mg, 0.250 mmol) in pyridine (2 mL) and THF (2 mL) was added 3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride (57.4 mg, 0.250 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 60 °C for 3 h, then treated with 1M HC1 aqueous solution to pH = 4. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (10 mL x 3), dried over anhydrous Na2S04, and concentrated. The title compound (Isomer 2-cis from Step 9) was obtained by prep-TLC (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 2 : 1) as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H3oClF3N505S [M+H]+: 592, found: 592.

[0398] The other three isomers were respectively obtained from the corresponding intermediates (Isomer 1, 3 and 4 from Step 8) using a similar procedure.

Step 10 - Preparation of l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl ((2S,35)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropyl)-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate, l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl ((2S,3R)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropyl)-3-methyl-3,4-dihydr o-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate, 1 ,1 , l-trifluoro-2-methylpr opan-2-yl ((2R,35)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropyl)-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate and l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl ((2R,3R)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropyl)-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0399] To a solution of (2R, 3S or 2S, 3R; cis) -l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (4- ((3-chloro-l- ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-3-methyl-3,4-

dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (Isomer 2-cis from Step 9) (40 mg, 0.068 mmol) in toluene (10 niL) was added DIBAL-H (0.270 mL, 0.270 mmol) dropwise at -78 °C under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at -78 °C for 1 h, then quenched by MeOH (0.3 mL) and acidified with 1M HC1 (1 mL). After stirring at 0 °C for 10 min, the resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (10 mL x 3) and the combined organic layers washed with brine (10 mL x 3), dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and evaporated. The crude product was purified by prep-TLC (petroleum ether:EtOAc = 3: 1) to give the title compound (Isomer 2-cis from Step 10) as a light yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H3iClF3N406S [M+H]+: 595, found: 595.

[0400] The other three isomers were respectively obtained from the corresponding intermediates (Isomer 1, 3 and 4 from Step 9) using a similar procedure as described above.

Step 11. Preparation of 3-((2S,35)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid, 3-((2S,3R)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid, 3-((2R,35)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid and 3-((2R,3R)-4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-3-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydr o-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid



[0401] To a solution of (2R, 35 or 2S, 3R; cis)- 1,1,1 -trifhioro-2-methylpropan-2-yl(4-((3-chloro- l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropyl)-3-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (Isomer 2-cis from Step 10, 40 mg, 0.067 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (10 mL) and water (2 mL) were added sulfamic acid (39.2 mg, 0.403 mmol), potassium dihydrogenphosphate (110 mg, 0.807 mmol) and sodium chlorite (9.12 mg, 0.101 mmol) in one portion at 0 °C. The reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h, then diluted with water (10 mL). The biphasic mixture was extracted with EtOAc (20 mL x 3) and the combined organic layers dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to afford Example No. 26 A (Isomer 2-cis) as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H29C1F3N407S [M-H]": 609, found: 609.

1HNMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 8.23 (IH, s), 7.90 (IH, s), 7.00 (IH, dd, J=2.0, 8.8Hz), 6.74 (IH, d, J=8.8Hz), 4.46 (IH, d, J=7.2Hz), 4.12 (2H, q, J=7.2Hz), 3.77 (IH, d, J=8.0Hz), 1.81-1.87 (2H, m), 1.76(6H, s), 1.41 (3H, t, J=7.2Hz), 1.22 (3H, s), 1.18 (3H,s), 1.11(3H, d, J=6.4 Hz)

[0402] The other three isomers were respectively obtained from the corresponding intermediates (Isomer 1, 3 and 4 from Step 10) using a similar procedure as described above. Example No. 26B: Isomer 1-trans: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H29C1F3N407S [M-H]" : 609, found: 609. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.36 (IH, s), 8.02 (IH, s), 6.67-6.72 (2H, m), 6.58 (IH, d, J=7.6Hz), 4.57 (IH, d, J=2.0Hz), 4.11-4.27 (3H, m), 1.98 (IH, t, J=7.2Hz), 1.74 (6H, s), 1.68 (IH, d, J=14.4Hz), 1.51 (3H, t, J=7.2Hz), 1.11-1.28 (9H, m). Example No. 26C: Isomer 3-trans: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H29C1F3N407S [M-H]" : 609, found: 609. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.35 (IH, s), 8.01 (IH, s), 6.68-6.71 (2H, m), 6.58 (IH, d, J=8.0Hz), 4.57 (IH, d, J=6.4Hz), 4.26 (IH, d, J=8.4Hz), 4.12 (2H, q, J=7.2Hz), 1.97-2.00 (IH, m), 1.74 (6H, s), 1.68 (IH, d, J=14.4Hz), 1.51 (3H, t, J=7.2Hz), 1.15-1.28 (9H, m). Example No. 26D: Isomer 4-cis: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H29C1F3N407S [M-H]" : 609, found: 609. 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.01 (IH, s), 7.84 (IH, s), 6.79 (IH, d, J=7.6Hz), 6.70 (IH, d, J=8.8Hz), 6.63 (IH, br s), 4.51 (IH, d, J=6.4Hz), 4.07 (2H, q, J=7.2Hz), 3.86 (IH, d, J=8.8Hz), 1.99-2.02 (IH, m), 1.74 (6H, d, J=7.2Hz), 1.44 (3H, t, J=7.2Hz), 1.30 (3H, s), 1.25 (3H, s), 1.17 (3H, d, J=7.2Hz).

EXAMPLE 27: Preparation of Additional 3-M ethyl Benzoxazine Propanoic Acids

[0403] The compounds in Table 10 were prepared based on the experimental procedures described in Example 26, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 10


EXAMPLE 28: (5)-3-(8-fluoro-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l- trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin- 2-yl)propanoic acid


Step 1 - Preparation of 2-(benzylamino)-6-fluoro-4-nitrophenol


[0404] To a solution of 2-amino-6-fluoro-4-nitrophenol (4.2 g, 24.4 mmol) in 84 mL of

MeOH was added benzaldehyde (3.36 g, 68.38 mmol) and stirred for 1 h. The reaction mixture was then treated with NaBH4 (924 mg, 24.4 mmol) at 0 °C. After lh, the reaction mixture was concentrated to remove the MeOH solvent and the residue was poured into 50 mL of water, and then extracted with EtOAc (20 mL x 3). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (30 mL x 2) and dried over Na2S04. After concentrated in vacuo, the crude product was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (petroleum ether: EtOAc = 10: 1) to give the title compound as a red oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C13H12FN2O3 [M+H]+: 263, found: 263. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.29-7.35 (5H, m), 7.21 (1H, t, J = 6.4 Hz), 6.99 (1H, s), 4.40 (2H, s).

Step 2 - Preparation of (R)-(4-benzyl-8-fluoro-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4] oxazin-2-yl)methanol


[0405] To a mixture of 2-(benzylamino)-6-fluoro-4-nitrophenol (9.5 g, 36.3 mmol) and

LiC104 (4.89 g, 45.99 mmol) in 150 mL of toluene was added (5)-2-(chloromethyl)oxirane (3.17 g, 34.5 mmol) at 50 °C. The result mixture was further stirred at 50 °C for 10 hours. Then NaOMe (2.35 g, 43.5 mmol) in 20 mL of MeOH was added slowly. The mixture was stirred at 50 °C for an additional 3 hours. Once cooled to 0 °C, the reaction was quenched with 100 mL of H20 and extracted with EtOAc (50 mL x 3). The organic layer was dried over Na2S04 and concentrated. The crude product was purified by silica column chromatography (petroleum ether: EtOAc = 5 : 1 to 3 : 1) to afford the title compound as a red oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci6Hi6FN204 [M+H]+: 319, found: 319. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.18-7.38 (7H, m), 4.47 (2H, s), 4.27-4.30 (1H, m), 3.76-3.87 (2H, m), 3.32-3.35 (2H, m).

Step 3 - Preparation of (R)-4-benzyl-2-(bromomethyl)-8-fluoro-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazine

[0406] To a solution of (i?)-(4-benzyl-8-fiuoro-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)methanol (1.8 g, 5.66 mmol) and CBr4 (2.82 g, 8.49 mmol) in THF (90 mL) was added PPI13 (3.72 g, 14.15 mmol) portionwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C for lh, then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was poured into 50 mL of water and extracted with EtOAc (30 mL x 3). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (30 mL x 3) and dried over Na2S04. After concentrated in vacuo, the crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 10 : 1) to give the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci6Hi5BrFN203 [M+H]+: 381, found: 381. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, Methanol-d4) δ 7.28-7.45 (7H, m), 4.55-4.62 (3H, m), 3.67 (2H, d, J= 6.0 Hz), 3.63 (1H, dd, J= 12.0 Hz), 3.76-3.87 (2H, m), 3.46-3.50 (1H, m).

Step 4 - Preparation of (S)-methyl 3-(4-benzyl-8-fluoro-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)pr opa


[0407] A mixture of (i?)-4-benzyl-2-(bromomethyl)-8-fluoro-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazine (500 mg, 1.3 mmol), dimethyl malonate (1.7 g, 13.1 mmol) and NaHC03 (99 mg, 1.1 mmol) in 10 mL of DMF was stirred at 100 °C for 20 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, poured into water (50 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (30 mL x 3). The combined organic fractions were washed with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride (50 mL), dried over Na2S04, filtered and evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 20 : 1 to 10: 1) to afford the title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci9H20FN2O5 [M+H]+: 375, found: 375. 1H NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.25-7.49 (6H, m), 7.18-7.23 (1H, m), 4.44-4.56 (2H, m), 4.27 (1H, brs), 3.68 (3H, s), 3.36 (1H, dd, J= 2.1, 12.3 Hz), 3.19 (1H, dd, J= 7.6, 12.3 Hz), 2.58 (2H, t, J= 7.0 Hz), 1.91-2.05 (2H, m).

Step 5 - Preparation of (S)-methyl 3-(6-amino-4-benzyl-8-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)propan


[0408] A mixture of S)-methyl 3-(4-benzyl-8-fluoro-6-nitro-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (1.5 g, 4.0 mmol) and 100 mg of Pd/C (5%) in ethyl acetate (80 mL) were stirred under H2 at 50 psi at 25 °C for 8 h. The reaction mixture was the filtrated and concentrated to obtain the title compound as black oil, which was taken forward without further purification. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C19H22FN2O3 [M+H]+: 345, found: 345. 1H NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.19-7.34 (3H, m), 7.16 (2H, brs), 5.69-5.87 (2H, m), 4.25-4.44 (2H, m), 3.98-4.09 (1H, m), 3.61 (3H, s), 3.06-3.26 (2H, m), 2.44-2.60 (2H, m), 1.83-1.98 (2H, m).

Step 6 - Preparation of (S)-methyl 3-(4-benzyl-8-fluoro-6- ((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0409] A solution of (S)-methyl 3 -(6-amino-4-benzyl-8-fluoro-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (1.38 g, 4.01 mmol) and 3 -methyl- 1-((( 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)-lH-imidazol-3-ium iodide (1.6 g, 4.4 mmol) in DMSO (20 mL) was stirred at 30 °C for 10 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, then poured into water (100 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (40 mL x 3). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (30 mL x 2), dried over Na2S04, filtered and evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 20: 1 to 3 : 1) to give the title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H27F4N205 [M+H]+: 499, found: 499. 1H NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.20-7.35 (3H, m), 7.13-7.19 (2H, m), 6.60 (1H, d, J= 9.7 Hz), 6.25-6.44 (2H, m), 4.28-4.44 (2H, m),

3.99-4.08 (1H, m), 3.61 (3H, s), 3.04-3.28 (2H, m), 2.44-2.58 (2H, m), 1.81-1.94 (2H, m), 1.64 (6H, s).

Step 7 - Preparation of (S)-methyl 3-(8-fluoro-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0410] A mixture of (S)-methyl 3-(4-benzyl-8-fluoro-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (1.2 g, 2.4 mmol) and dihydroxypalladium (100 mg) in EtOH (60 mL) was stirred under H2 at latm 50 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was then filtrated and concentrated. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 4 : 1) to obtain the title compound as a black oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C17H21F4N2O5 [M+H]+: 409, found: 409. 1H NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 6.33-6.53 (2H, m), 4.02-4.10 (1H, m), 3.57-3.72 (3H, m), 3.35 (1H, d, J= 11.7 Hz), 3.10 (1H, dd, J= 7.6, 11.5 Hz), 2.44-2.64 (2H, m), 1.87-1.98 (2H, m), 1.66 (6H, s).

Step 8 - Preparation of (5)-methyl 3-(8-fluoro-4-((4-fluoro-3- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate


[0411] To a solution of (5)-methyl 3-(8-fluoro-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan- 2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)- 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (60 mg, 0.1 mmol) and pyridine (69.7 mg, 0.8 mmol) in THF (1 mL) was added 4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzene-l-sulfonyl chloride (55 mg, 0.2 mmol) and the reaction was stirred at 20 °C for 20 h, then poured into water (2 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (1 mL x 3). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (1 mL x 2), dried over Na2S04 and filtered. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and the crude product purified by prep-TLC, eluting with (petroleum ether : EtOAc = 3 : 1), to give the title compound as a colorless solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H23F8N2O7S [M+H]+: 635, found: 635.

Step 9 - Preparation of (S)-3-(8-fluoro-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoic acid


[0412] (5)-methyl 3-(8-fluoro-4-((4-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-6-(((( 1 ,1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3 ,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanoate (40 mg, 0.06 mmol) and lithium hydroxide hydrate (42.8 mg, 1.0 mmol) were stirred at 0 °C for 2 h in 1 ,4-Dioxane (1 mL) / Water (0.5 mL), then treated with hydrochloric acid (1M, 10 mL). The biphasic mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (10 mL) and the combined organic layers were washed with aqueous ammonium chloride (5 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to give the title compound as a white solid. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C23H21F8N2O7S [M+H]+: 621 , found: 621. 1H NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 8.1 1 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (br s, 1H), 7.61 (br s, 1H), 7.34 (t, J = 9.2 Hz, 1H), 6.99-7.10 (m, 1H), 6.62 (s, 1H), 4.35 (d, J = 14.0 Hz, 1H), 3.74 (br s, 1H), 3.29 (dd, J = 9.5, 14.0 Hz, 1H), 2.57-2.64 (m, 2H), 1.86-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.77 (s, 6H).

EXAMPLE 29: Preparation of Additional 8-Fluoro Benzoxazine Propanoic Acids

[0413] The compounds in Table 1 1 were prepared based on the experimental procedures described in Example 28, and can be achieved by one of skill in the art in light of the present disclosure.

Table 11

F 0 yl]propanoic acid EXAMPLE 30: Preparation of (R)-3-(4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-5-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid and (S)-3-(4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-5-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid (Example Nos. 30A and 30B)


Step 1 - Preparation of V-(2-fluoro-6-methylphenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide


[0414] To a solution of 2-fluoro-6-methylaniline (5 g, 40.0 mmol) in pyridine (24.6 mL,

304 mmol), was added tosyl chloride (1 1.43 g, 59.9 mmol) in portions at 0 °C under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 8 hours, then diluted with water (30 mL) and acidified with 1M HC1 solution (pH = 2). The yellow precipitate was collected and washed with CH2CI2 (100 mL x 2) to afford the title compound as yellow solid, which was used directly without further purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.57 (2H, d, J= 8.4 Hz), 7.22 (2H, d, J= 8.4 Hz), 7.08-7.1 1 (1H, m), 6.73 (1H, t, J= 8.8 Hz), 6.06 (1H, s), 2.42 (3H, s), 2.40 (3 H, s).

Step 2 - Preparation of (R and S)- V-(4-cyano-2-hydroxy-4-methylpentyl)- V-(2-fluoro-6-methylphenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide


[0415] To a mixture of N-(2-fluoro-6-methylphenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (12 g,

43.0 mmol) and (R and 5)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(oxiran-2-yl)propanenitrile (6.45 g, 51.6 mmol) in 1 ,4-Dioxane (100 mL) was added tetrabutylammonium bromide (2.77 g, 8.59 mmol) and potassium carbonate (17.81 g, 129 mmol) in one portion at room temperature under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at 90 °C for 17 hours, then concentrated, diluted with water (80 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (150 mL x 4). The combined organic layers were dried over Na2S04, filtered and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (100% EtOAc) to give the title compound as colorless oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for

C21H26FN2O3S [M+H]+: 405.2, found: 405.1 ; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.60-7.63 (2H, m), 7.22-7.31 (3H, m), 7.08-7.1 1 (1H, m), 6.76-6.87 (1H, m), 3.90-4.04 (1H, m), 3.53-3.59 (1H, m), 3.33-3.45 (1H, m), 2.39-2.46 (6H, m), 1.62-1.67 (2H, m), 1.43-1.51 (1H, m), 1.34-1.37 (3H, m), 1.17-1.30 (3H, m).

Step 3 - Preparation of (R and S)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)propanenitril


[0416] To a mixture of (R and 5)-N-(4-cyano-2-hydroxy-4-methylpentyl)-N-(2-fluoro-6-methylphenyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (7.3 g, 18.05 mmol) in anhydrous THF (100 mL) was added tetrabutylammonium bromide (1.164 g, 3.61 mmol) and sodium hydroxide (2.89 g, 72.2 mmol) in one portion at 20 °C under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at 80 °C for 1 hour, then filtered and the filtrate concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : ethyl acetate = 4: 1) to afford the title compound as colorless oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for CzitLsNzOsS [M+H]+: 385.2, found: 385.1 ; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3) δ 7.57 (2H, d, J= 8 Hz), 7.30 (2H, d, J= 9.2 Hz), 7.07-7.1 1 (1H, m), 6.89 (1H, d, J= 7.2 Hz), 6.68 (1H, d, J= 8 Hz), 4.10-4.15 (1H, m), 3.97-4.00 (1H, m), 2.97-3.06 (1H, m), 2.51 (3H, s), 2.44 (3H, s), 1.63-1.69 (2H, m), 1.53-1.58 (1H, m), 1.35 (3H, s), 1.30 (3H, s).

Step 4 - Preparation of (R and 5)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-6-nitro-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)propanenitrile


[0417] A solution of (R and 5)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanenitrile (4.05 g, 10.53 mmol) in dry CH2C12 (50 mL) was cooled at -20 °C, followed by the addition of nitronium tetrafluoroborate (1.539 g, 1 1.59 mmol) in portions. The reaction was stirred at -20 °C for 4 h, then diluted with DCM (20 mL) and quenched with water (20 mL). The organic layer was separated, washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (petroleum ether : ethyl acetate = 3 : 1) to afford the title compound as a yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for CziffcNsOjSNa [M+Na]+: 452.1 , found: 452.1 ; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.92 (1H, d, J= 9.2 Hz), 7.59 (2H, d, J= 7.6 Hz), 7.29-7.34 (2H, m), 6.76-6.82 (1H, m), 4.17-4.23 (1H, m), 2.92-2.99 (1H, m), 2.66 (3H, s), 2.54 (1H, s), 2.44 (3H, s), 1.68-1.84 (2H, m), 1.62-1.63 (1H, m), 1.37 (3H, s), 1.31 (3H, s).

Step 5 - Preparation of (R and S)-3-(6-amino-5-methyl-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimeth lpr opanenitrile


[0418] To a solution of (R and 5)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(5-methyl-6-nitro-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro- 2H-benzo[£][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)propanenitrile (3 g, 6.99 mmol) in EtOAc (50 mL) was added Pd/C (0.372 g, 3.49 mmol) in one portion at 25 °C under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C under H2 (30 psi) for 16 hours, then filtered and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography (petroleum ether : ethyl acetate = 1 : 1) to afford the title compound as yellow oil. LCMS (ESI) calculated for C^eNsOsS [M+H] : 400.2, found:

400.1.

Step 6 - Preparation of (R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl(2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-5-methyl-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate and (S)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl(2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-5-methyl-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydr o-2H- nzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0419] To a solution of (R and 5)-3-(6-amino-5-methyl-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanenitrile (1.97 g, 4.93 mmol) in DMSO (20 mL) was added l , l ,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl lH-imidazole-l-carboxylate (1.096 g, 4.93 mmol) in one portion, followed by concentrated HC1 (0.202 mL, 2.466 mmol) at 20 °C under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at 80 °C for 5 hours under nitrogen, then diluted with EtOAc (100 mL) and washed with brine (30 mL x 3). The organic layer was dried over Na2S04 and

evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography eluted with petroleum ether : ethyl acetate= 4: 1 to afford the title racemic mixture as yellow oil.

[0420] The racemate was resolved by chiral SFC (Column: OJ (300mm * 50mm, lOum; Mobile phase: 20% IP A, NH3H20; 180 mL/min; Column Temp: 38 °C; Nozzle Pressure: 100 Bar; Wavelength: 220nm) to afford two enantiomers (faster eluent, Isomer 1 and slower eluent, Isomer 2) as yellow solids, which have the same analytical data: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C26H3iF3N305S [M+H]+: 554.2, found: 554.1.

Step 7 - Preparation of (R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl(2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate and (S)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl(2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0421] To a solution of 1 , 1 ,1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (R or S)-(2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-5-methyl-4-tosyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (Isomer 1 from Step 6, 500 mg, 0.873 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) was added Mg (424 mg, 17.46 mmol) in one portion at room temperature under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 18 hours, then quenched with saturated NH4CI solution (15 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 30 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried over Na2S04, filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum to afford the title compound (Isomer 1 from Step 7) as white solid.

[0422] The other enantiomer (Isomer 2 from Step 7) was prepared using a similar procedure as above from Isomer 2 from Step 6. Both enantiomers have the same analytical data: LCMS (ESI) calculated for Ci9H25F3N303 [M+H]+: 400.2, found: 400.1.

Step 8 - Preparation of (R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate and (S)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydr o-2H-benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate

[0423] To a mixture of (R or S)- 1 , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl(2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[¾][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (Isomer 1 from Step 7, 100 mg, 0.250 mmol) in THF (1 mL) was added 3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazole-4-sulfonyl chloride (1 15 mg, 0.501 mmol) and pyridine (1 mL). The reaction was stirred at 20 °C for 6 hours, then diluted with water (3 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3><5 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered and

concentrated under vacuum. The residual oil was purified by prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to afford the title compound (Isomer 1 from Step 8) as white solid.

[0424] The other enantiomer (Isomer 2 from Step 8) was prepared using a similar procedure as above from Isomer 2 from Step 7. Both enantiomers have the same analytical data: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H3oClF3N505S [M+H]+: 592.2, found: 592.1 ; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.45-7.66 (1H, m), 6.72 (1H, d, J= 8.8 Hz), 6.36 (1H, s), 4.48 (1H, s), 4.33 (1H, d, J= 12 Hz), 4.09 (2H, d, J= 7.2 Hz), 3.00-3.07 (1H, m), 2.34 (3H, s), 2.1 1 (2H, s), 1.75 (6H, d, J= 6.8 Hz), 1.39-1.46 (9H, m).

Step 9 - Preparation of (R)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropyl)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate and (S)-l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropyl)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydr o-2 -benzo [b] [ 1 ,4] oxazin-6-yl)carbamate


[0425] To a solution of (R or S)- 1 , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)- 2-(2-cyano-2-methylpropyl)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (Isomer 1 from Step 8, 50 mg, 0.084 mmol) in toluene (6

mL) was added DIBAL-H (0.338 mL, 0.338 mmol) dropwise at -78 °C under nitrogen. The reaction was stirred at -78 °C for lh, then quenched with MeOH (0.5 mL), acidified with 1M HC1 (1 mL) and stirred at 0 °C for 10 min. The resulting biphasic mixture was extracted with EtOAc (10 mL x 3) and the combined organic layers washed with brine (4 mL), dried over Na2S04 and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound (Isomer 1 from Step 9) as light yellow solid.

[0426] The other enantiomer (Isomer 2 from Step 9) was prepared using a similar procedure as above from Isomer 2 from Step 8. Both enantiomers have the same analytical data: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H3iClF3N406S [M+H]+: 595.2, found: 595.2.

Step 10 - Preparation of (R)-3-(4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-5-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid and (S)-3-(4-((3-chloro-l-ethyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-5-methyl-6-((((l,l,l-trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy)carbonyl)amino)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[6] [l,4]oxazin-2-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropanoic acid


[0427] To a solution of (R or S)- 1 , 1 , 1 -trifluoro-2-methylpropan-2-yl (4-((3-chloro- 1 -ethyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)sulfonyl)-2-(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropyl)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[£][l ,4]oxazin-6-yl)carbamate (Isomer 1 from Step 9, 43 mg, 0.072 mmol) in THF (3 mL) and water (0.5 mL), was added sulfamic acid (42.1 mg, 0.434 mmol), potassium

dihydrogenphosphate (1 18 mg, 0.867 mmol) and sodium chlorite (9.80 mg, 0.108 mmol) in one portion at 0 °C. The reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h, then diluted with water (5 mL). The biphasic mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3 x 8 mL) and the combined organic layers were dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified by prep-HPLC (MeCN/water using TFA buffer) to afford Example No. 30A (Isomer 1 from Step 10) as white solid.

[0428] The other enantiomer, Example No. 30B, (Isomer 2 from Step 10) was prepared using a similar procedure as above from Isomer 2 from Step 9. Both enantiomers have the same analytical data: LCMS (ESI) calculated for C24H3iClF3N407S [M+H]+: 61 1.2, found: 61 1.1 ; 1H- NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 7.33-7.44 (1H, m), 6.56 (1H, d, J= 8.8 Hz), 6.40 (1H, s), 4.25-4.29 (2H, m), 4.05 (2H, d, J= 6.8 Hz), 2.83-3.06 (1H, m), 2.30 (3H, s), 1.86-1.89 (1H, m), 1.74 (6H, d, J= 4 Hz), 1.61-1.66 (lH, m), 1.39-1.43 (3H, m), 1.23-1.28 (6H, d, J= 14.8 Hz).

Biological Assays

[0429] The compounds of the invention inhibit RORgammaT activity. Activation of

RORgammaT activity can be measured using, e.g. , a biochemical TR-FRET assay. In such an assay, interaction of cofactor-derived peptides with human RORgammaT-Ligand Binding Domain (LBD) can be measured. The TR-FRET technique is a sensitive biochemical proximity assay that will give information concerning the interaction of a ligand with the LBD, in the presence of cofactor-derived peptides (Zhou et al., Methods 25:54-61, 2001).

[0430] To identify novel antagonists of RORgammaT, an assay was developed which employs the interaction of RORgammaT with its co-activator peptide SRC 1 2. This peptide mimics the recruitment of co-activators to RORgammaT through its interaction with the LXXLL (SEQ ID NO: l) (e.g., NR box) motifs (Xie et al., J. Immunol. 175: 3800-09, 2005; Kurebayashi et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 315: 919-27, 2004; Jin et al., Mol. Endocrinology 24:923-29, 2010). The RORy-Ligand Binding Domain TR-FRET Assay was run according to the following protocol.

[0431] HIS-tagged RORy-LBD protein was recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli. The RORy-LBD protein was purified by Ni2+-affinity resin. Purified protein was then diluted in assay buffer (50 mM Tris pH 7.0, 50 mM KC1, 1 mM EDTA, 0.1 mM DTT, 100 μg/mL bovine serum albumin, delipidated) to obtain a RORy-LBD final concentration of 3 nM. Europium tagged anti-HIS antibody was also added to this solution (1.25 nM). Separately, SF9 cells not expressing any recombinant protein were lysed (32,000 cells per μΐ in 25 mM Tris, 50 mM NaCl) and the previously frozen lysate was added to the diluted RORy-LBD solution at a ratio of 0.75 μΐ SF9 lysate per 15 μΐ of diluted RORy-LBD.

[0432] Compounds to be tested were injected to the 384-well assay plate using Acoustic

Droplet Ejection technology by Echo 550 liquid handler (Labcyte, CA).

[0433] A stock of biotinylated-LXXLL peptide from coactivator SRC1 (Biotin-SPSSHSSLTERHKILHRLLQEGSP) (SEQ ID NO :2) and APC-conjugated streptavidin (final concentrations 100 nM and 8 nM respectively) were also added to each well.

[0434] The final assay mixture was incubated overnight at 4°C, warmed to room temperature and the fluorescence signal was measured on an Envision plate reader: (Excitation filter = 340 nm; APC emission = 665 nm; Europium emission = 615 nm; dichroic mirror = D400/D630; delay time = 100 μβ, integration time = 200 μβ). IC5o values for test compounds were calculated from the quotient of the fluorescence signal at 665 nm divided by the fluorescence signal at 615 nm.

[0435] The IC50 values for representative compounds of the invention are set forth below.



AG 42.26 12A 57.18 AH 8.835 12B 44.04 Ai 25.53 12C 130.7 AJ 13.96 12D 64.38 AK 1 1.12 12E 30.86 AL 15.03 12F 9.961 AM 59.75 12G 17.19 AN 14.13 12H 42.84 Ao 1 1.84 12i 148.9 AP 5.645 12J 13.35 AQ 17.14 12K 53.85 AR 4.857 12L 24.99 AS 12.47 12M 61.81 AT 9.932 12N 73.09 AU 33.91 12o 14.87 AV 24.06 12P 9.223 AW 7.713 12Q 18.64 AX 9.923 12R 12.56 AY 5.765 12S 16.42 AZ 13.11 12T 331.5 BA 7.312 12U 17.89 BC 1 1.91 12V 13.76 BD 14.82 12W 15.21 BE 280.2 12X 60.19 BF 58.25 12Y 14.36 BG 13.29 12Z 12.24 BH 23.9 12AA 17.36 Bi 18.04 13A 13.75 BJ 15.11 13B 28.22 BK 62.39 14A 1 1.56 BL 57.83 14B 17.47 BM 16.84 14C 29.08 BN 27.99 14D 36.67 Bo 1 1.94 14E 17.52 BP 26.63 14F 33.21 BQ 17.63 14G 1 1.44 BR 12.34 14H 108.2 BS 520.4 15 18.1 BT 63.16 16A 45.92 BU 10.95 16B 14.63 BV 8.843 17A 16.64 BW 171.2 17B 23.94 BX 32.38 18A 12.94 BY 27.05 18B 38.24 BZ 7.1 14 18C 24.99 CA 1 1.37 18D 14.15 CB 6.962 18E 28.65 CC 12.4 18F 9.391 CD 14.37 18G 16.64 CE 67.46 18H 23.94 CF 20.04 18i 12.73 CG 22.95 18J 9.133 CH 18.05 18K 1 1.39 Ci 12.93 18L 10.39 CJ 1 1.96 19A 13.7 CK 14.49 19B 31.74 CL 16.88 20A 12.68 CM 5.252 20B 16.21 CN 6.078 21A 28.03 Co 8.376 21B 19.45 CP 1 1.59 21C 30.39 CQ 10.25 21D 15.23 CR 12.94 22A 22.35 CS 5.439 22B 13.53 CT 7.961 22C 8.713 CU 17.77 22D 5.872 CV 12.93 22E 47.13 CW 10.16 22F 75.68 CX 7.347 22G 34.25 CY 8.353 22H 140.7 CZ 15.28 22i 22.35 DA 14.91 22J 13.53 DB 1 1.46 22K 4.634 DC 16.23 22L 7.101 DD 23.58 22M 8.713 DE 40.27 22N 5.872 A 14.2 22o 24.91

8B 24.58 22P 25.86 A 19.68 23A 3.044

9B 67.58 23B 4.358 0A 22.61 24A 17.73 0B 15.66 24B 11.98 OC 16.99 24C 3.8 0D 12.78 24D 3.734 0E 10.44 24E 4.714 0F 13.31 24F 4.692 0G 11.11 25 10.08 0H 10.91 26A 23.51 lOi 24.26 26B 9586 0J 28.29 26C 8401 0K 21.51 26D 332.6 0L 49.53 27A 8204 0M 8.039 27B 17.54 ON 67.24 28 10.16 Oo 15.43 29A 5.711 0P 13.29 29B 3.895 0Q 60.33 29C 9.681 0R 54.02 29D 7.915 10S 12.94 29E 10.19

10T 16.05 29F 5.701

10U 22.33 29G 23.31

10V 41.61 29H 10.06

10W 38.21 29i 9.01

10X 32.79 30A 16.42

10Y 131.7 30B 616.9

[0436] While the present invention has been described in conjunction with the specific embodiments set forth above, many alternatives, modifications and other variations thereof will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art in light of the present disclosure. All such alternatives, modifications, and variations are intended to fall within the spirit and scope of the present invention.