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1. WO2020139535 - CHARGE CABLE DEADZONE MITIGATION

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

What is Claimed Is:

1. A system, comprising:

a chargeable device including:

a battery;

a battery charger circuit coupled to the battery; and

a cable plug including first and second charging contact pads coupled to supply power to the battery charger circuit of the chargeable device, and an insulator electrically separating the first and second charging contact pads;

a charging cable including:

a power bus;

a ground bus;

a cable head having a recess configured to accept the cable plug when the cable head is rotatably coupled to the cable plug of the chargeable device;

power pins protruding into the recess of the cable head;

ground pins protruding into the recess of the cable head;

one or more power path switches coupled between the pins and the buses; and

switching logic circuitry configured to control the one or more power path switches to selectively connect a different one of the power pins to the power bus and a different one of the ground pins to the ground bus, in respectively different states.

2. The system of claim 1, further comprising:

a current sensor coupled to at least one of the buses to detect current via selected pairs of the pins of the cable head when connected to the buses by the one or more power path switches;

wherein the switching logic circuitry is coupled to the current sensor and is further configured to maintain connection via a selected one of the power pins to the power bus and connection via a selected one of the ground pins to the ground bus to establish a charging path for current flow through the cable head and cable plug with the charging circuit of the chargeable device, in response to detection of current flow via the selected power and ground pins by the current sensor.

3. The system of claim 2, wherein:

the switching logic circuitry is further configured to operate the one or more power path switches to alternatively connect respective pairs of power and ground pins to the power and ground buses while current detection by the current sensor is below a threshold value; and

the switching logic circuitry establishes the charging path by maintaining, without further alternative connections, the connections via the selected power pin to the power bus and the selected ground pin to the ground bus, in response to detection of current at or above the threshold value through a pair of pins that includes the one power pin and the one ground pin.

4. The system of claim 3, wherein:

the chargeable device further includes:

a switch coupled to draw current from the battery charger; and a device controller responsive to power from the cable plug configured to operate the switch coupled to the battery charger to pulse modulate current through the cable plug, at least when current flow is below the threshold value; and in the charging cable:

the current sensor is configured to detect the pulse modulation of the current through the cable plug via pins of the cable head exceeding the threshold value; and the switching logic circuitry is further configured to respond to the detection of modulation pulses by the current sensor to also maintain connections of the selected power pin to the power bus and the selected ground pin to the ground bus.

5. A charging cable, comprising:

a power bus;

a ground bus;

a cable head having a recess configured to accept a cable plug of a chargeable device, when the cable head is rotatably coupled to the cable plug;

power pins protruding into the recess of the cable head;

ground pins protruding into the recess of the cable head;

one or more power path switches to selectively connect a different one of the power pins to the power bus and a different one of the ground pins to the ground bus, in respectively different states; and

switching logic circuitry configured to control the one or more power path switches to selectively connect a different one of the power pins to the power bus and a different one of the ground pins to the ground bus, in respectively different states.

6. The charging cable of claim 5, further comprising:

a current sensor coupled to at least one of the buses to detect current via selected pairs of the pins of the cable head when connected to the buses by the one or more power path switches;

wherein the switching logic circuitry is coupled to the current sensor and is further configured to maintain connection via a selected one of the power pins to the power bus and connection via a selected one of the ground pins to the ground bus to establish a charging path for current flow through the cable head with a chargeable device, in response to detection of current flow via the selected power and ground pins by the current sensor.

7. The charging cable of claim 6, wherein:

the switching logic circuitry is further configured to operate the one or more power path switches to alternatively connect respective pairs of power and ground pins to the power and ground buses while current detection by the current sensor is below a threshold value; and

the switching logic circuitry establishes the charging path by maintaining, without further alternative connections, the connections via the selected power pin to the power bus and the selected ground pin to the ground bus, in response to detection of current at or above the threshold value through a pair of pins that includes the one power pin and the one ground pin.

8. The charging cable of claim 7, wherein:

the current sensor is configured to detect a pulse modulation of the current flow to or from the chargeable device through the cable plug via pins of the cable head exceeding the threshold value; and

the switching logic circuitry is further configured to respond to the detection of modulation pulses by the current sensor to also maintain connections of the selected power pin to the power bus and the selected ground pin to the ground bus.

9. A chargeable device, comprising:

a battery;

a battery charger circuit coupled to the battery;

a cable plug including first and second charging contact pads coupled to supply current to the battery charger circuit, and an insulator electrically separating the first and second charging contact pads;

a switch coupled to draw current from the battery charger; and

a device controller responsive to power from the cable plug configured to operate the switch to pulse modulate the current through the cable plug as an indication of contact of pins in the cable head with the first and second charging contact pads of the cable plug to circuitry of a charging cable.