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1. WO2021067561 - DOWNHOLE SEGREGATION FOR WIRELINE FORMATION FLUID SAMPLING

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method for sampling fluid from a subterranean formation that is intersected by a wellbore, the method comprising:

isolating a section of the wellbore with a fluid tester, the fluid tester including an inlet, wherein isolating the section of the wellbore with the fluid tester includes providing a space between the inlet of the fluid tester and the subterranean formation;

pumping a fluid mixture from the subterranean formation into the wellbore and into the inlet of the fluid tester, wherein during the pumping the fluid mixture enters the space and at least partially separates within the space into at least two phases, the at least two phases including a hydrocarbon-based phase and a water-based phase;

when the hydrocarbon-based and water-based phases enter the inlet of the fluid tester, pumping a sample of at least a portion of the hydrocarbon-based phase with a first pump from the fluid tester inlet to a sample chamber and using a second pump to pump a remainder of fluid from the fluid tester inlet into the wellbore, wherein the second pump exhibits a higher pump rate than a pump rate of the first pump; and

testing a hydrocarbon content of the sample.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the fluid tester comprises a straddle packer having expandable members and the inlet is positioned between the expandable members, wherein isolating the section of the wellbore comprises expanding the expandable members of the straddle packer, and, when the expandable members are expanded, a dead volume between the inlet of the straddle packer and the subterranean formation defines the space.

3. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the straddle packer includes a single inlet.

4. The method of any of claims 1 to 3, further comprising, prior to isolating the section of the wellbore with the fluid tester, pumping fluid from the subterranean formation at the section of the wellbore using an initial fluid tester having an inlet.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein the initial fluid tester comprises a 3D radial probe.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein there is no dead volume between the inlet of the initial fluid tester and the subterranean formation during the pumping.

7. The method of any of claims 6, wherein a hydrocarbon content of fluid pumped by the initial fluid tester is less than 50 weight percent.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein the sample is pumped upwards towards a surface of the wellbore and the remainder of fluid is pumped downwards into the wellbore.

9. The method of any of claim 1, wherein a hydrocarbon content of the sample is at least 50%.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein a hydrocarbon content of the sample is at least 90%.

11. The method of claim 10, wherein the space acts as a segregation chamber such that the fluid mixture separates therein via gravity, immiscibility, between hydrocarbon and water, density differentials between hydrocarbon and water, or combinations thereof.

12. The method of claim 11, wherein the sample is skimmed from a top of fluid entering the fluid tester and pumped via the first pump.

13. The method of claim 1 , wherein the pump rate of the second pump is at least 2 times greater than the pump rate of the first pump.

14. The method of claim 1, wherein the pump rate of the second pump is at least 5 times greater than the pump rate of the first pump.

15. The method of claim 1, wherein the pumping of the first pump and the pumping of the second pump are performed simultaneously.

16. The method of claim 1, wherein testing the hydrocarbon content of the sample comprises performing spectroscopy on the sample.

17. The method of claim 1, wherein the testing of the hydrocarbon content of the sample is performed simultaneously while pumping.

18. The method of claim 1, wherein the fluid mixture comprises hydrocarbon and water-based mud.

19. The method of claim 1, wherein the wellbore is a wellbore having been drilled with water-based mud.

20. The method of claim 1, wherein the wellbore is a wellbore exhibiting skin damage.