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1. WO2011067618 - POWER PLANT COOLING SYSTEM AND A METHOD FOR ITS OPERATION

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. A power plant cooling system comprising a direct contact condenser (11), a cooling tower (12) with at least one heat dissipating unit (13), a pipeline (15) and a cooling water pump (16) suitable for circulating cooling water between the direct contact condenser (11) and the heat dissipating unit (13), and a de-aerating structural component (14) defining a de-aerating space adjoining to the top of a flow space of the heat dissipating unit (13), c h a r a c t e r i s e d by comprising means for maintaining a vacuum in the de-aerating space.

2. The cooling system according to claim 1 , characterised in that the means for maintaining a vacuum in the de-aerating space comprises a vacuum tight valve

(19) for controllably closing the de-aerating space of the de-aerating structural component (14) from the ambient air, and a vacuum line (20) connected to the de-aerating space.

3. The cooling system according to claim 2, characterised in that the vacuum line

(20) is connected to the de-aerating space above a water level prevailing in case of vacuum maintained in the de-aerating space.

4. The cooling system according to claim 2, characterised in that the vacuum line (20) is connected to the de-aerating space below a water level prevailing in case of vacuum maintained in the de-aerating space, and air eventually accumulating at a top of a flow space of the heat dissipating unit ( 3) is exhausted by means of a de-aerating device connected to the vacuum line (20), preferably a ballpoint valve (22);

5. The cooling system according to claim 3 or claim 4, characterised in that heat dissipating units (13) are arranged along the periphery of the cooling tower (12), which are grouped into sectors, wherein the heat dissipating units (13) associated with a sector are provided with a common cooling water inlet and a common de-aerating structural component (14).

6. The cooling system according to claim 5, characterised in that the heat dissipating units (13) are triangular cooling units, the common de-aerating structural component (14) comprises a de-aerating circular line connecting the top of the triangular cooling units associated with a sector and an associated upright protruding de-aerating rack pipe, and the means for maintaining a vacuum is coupled to the de-aerating rack pipe.

7. The cooling system according to any of claims 1 to 6, characterised in that the water level in the direct contact condenser (11) is preferably kept above a lower third of a vertical extension of the heat dissipating unit (13), more preferably above its halving level, and even more preferably above its topmost level.

8. A method for operating a power plant cooling system, the cooling system comprising a direct contact condenser (11), a cooling tower (12) with at least one heat dissipating unit (13), a pipeline (15) and a cooling water pump (16) suitable for circulating cooling water between the direct contact condenser (11) and the heat dissipating unit (13), and a de-aerating structural component (14) coupled to a de-aerating space adjoining to the top of a flow space of the heat dissipating unit (13), c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that a vacuum is maintained in the de-aerating space.

9. The method according to claim 8, characterised in that in the de-aerating space the vacuum is maintained by a vacuum tight valve (19) suitable for controllably closing the de-aerating space of the de-aerating structural component (14) from the ambient air, and by a vacuum line (20) connected to the de-aerating space.

10. The method according to claim 9, characterised in that at the start of the operation of the cooling system, the vacuum tight valve (19) is closed before the vacuum develops in the direct contact condenser (11).

11. The method according to any of claims 8 to 10, characterised in that the water level in the direct contact condenser (11) is kept above a lower third of a vertical extension of the heat dissipating unit (13), preferably above its halving level, and more preferably above its topmost level.