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1. WO2020139822 - PHASED ARRAY WITH INDEPENDENTLY STEERABLE BEAMS

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[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. An antenna system having independently steerable beams, the antenna system comprising:

a plurality of antenna element systems, wherein each antenna element system of the plurality of antenna element systems comprises:

a first transmit signal input on which a first signal to be transmitted is received;

a second transmit signal input on which a second signal to be transmitted is received;

a first receive signal output through which a third signal received via the antenna element system is output;

a second receive signal output through which a fourth signal received via the antenna element system is output;

a plurality of phase shifters, wherein:

a first phase shifter alters a phase of the first signal; a second phase shifter that alters a phase of the second signal; a third phase shifter that alters a phase of the third signal; and a fourth phase shifter that alters a phase of the fourth signal; and

directions of: a first transmit beam for the first signal; a second transmit beam for the second signal; a first receive beam for the third signal; and a second receive beam for the fourth signal are steered independently using the plurality of phase shifters; and

a polarization system, wherein the polarization system: polarizes the first signal with a first polarization, polarizes the second signal with a second polarization, and discriminates the third signal having the first polarization from the fourth signal having the second polarization.

2. The antenna system of claim 1, wherein the polarization system comprises a first ninety degree hybrid coupler and a second ninety degree hybrid coupler.

3. The antenna system of claim 2, wherein the first signal and the second signal are polarized by the first ninety degree hybrid coupler to have opposite circular polarization and the third signal and the fourth signal are discriminated by the second ninety degree hybrid coupler to have opposite linear polarization.

4. The antenna system of claim 3, further comprising a phase controller component, wherein the phase controller component controls amounts of phase shift applied by the plurality of phase shifters for each antenna element system of the plurality of antenna element systems.

5. The antenna system of claim 4, wherein the amounts of phase shift applied by the plurality of phase shifters for each antenna element system allow the first transmit beam, the second transmit beam, the first receive beam, and the second receive beam to be steered by the phase controller component independently.

6. The antenna system of claim 5, wherein: the first signal has a different frequency than the third signal and the fourth signal; and the second signal has a different frequency than the third signal and the fourth signal.

7. The antenna system of claim 1, wherein the polarization system comprises a meander line polarizer.

8. The antenna system of claim 7, wherein the meander line polarizer polarizes the first signal and the second signal to have opposite circular polarization and the third signal and the fourth signal are polarized to have opposite linear polarization.

9. The antenna system of claim 8 further comprising a phase controller component, wherein the phase controller component controls amounts of phase shift applied by the plurality of phase shifters for each antenna element system of the plurality of antenna element systems.

10. The antenna system of claim 9, wherein: the first signal has a different frequency than the third signal and the fourth signal; and the second signal has a different frequency than the third signal and the fourth signal.

11. A method for independently steering beams of an antenna system, the method comprising:

establishing a first bidirectional communication link with a first satellite by aiming a first receive beam of the antenna system and a first transmit beam of the antenna system at the first satellite, wherein the antenna system comprises:

a plurality of phase shifters, wherein:

a first phase shifter alters a phase of a first signal; a second phase shifter that alters a phase of a second signal; a third phase shifter that alters a phase of a third signal; and a fourth phase shifter that alters a phase of a fourth signal; and directions of: the first transmit beam for the first signal; a second transmit beam for the second signal; the first receive beam for the third signal; and a second receive beam for the fourth signal are steered independently using the plurality of phase shifters; and

a polarization system, wherein the polarization system: polarizes the first signal with a first polarization, polarizes the second signal with a second polarization, and discriminates the third signal having the first polarization from the fourth signal having the second polarization;

establishing a second bidirectional communication link with a second satellite by aiming the second receive beam of the antenna system and the second transmit beam of the antenna system at the second satellite;

determining communication with the first satellite is no longer possible via the first receive beam, the first transmit beam, or both; and

establishing a third bidirectional communication link with a third satellite by aiming the first receive beam and the first transmit beam at the third satellite.

12. The method for independently steering beams of the antenna system of claim 11, wherein the polarization system comprises a first ninety degree hybrid coupler and a second ninety degree hybrid coupler.

13. The method for independently steering beams of the antenna system of claim 12, wherein the first signal and the second signal are polarized by the first ninety degree hybrid coupler to have opposite circular polarization and the third signal and the fourth signal are discriminated by the second ninety degree hybrid coupler to have opposite linear polarization.

14. The method for independently steering beams of the antenna system of claim 13, wherein the antenna system further comprises a phase controller component, wherein the phase controller component controls amounts of phase shift applied by the plurality of phase shifters.

15. The method for independently steering beams of the antenna system of claim 14, wherein the amounts of phase shift applied by the plurality of phase shifters for each antenna element system allow the first transmit beam, the second transmit beam, the first receive beam, and the second receive beam to be steered by the phase controller component independently.

16. The method for independently steering beams of the antenna system of claim 15, wherein: the first signal has a different frequency than the third signal and the fourth signal; and the second signal has a different frequency than the third signal and the fourth signal.

17. The method for independently steering beams of the antenna system of claim 11, wherein the polarization system comprises a meander line polarizer.

18. The method for independently steering beams of the antenna system of claim 17, wherein the meander line polarizer polarizes the first signal and the second signal to have opposite circular polarization and the third signal and the fourth signal are polarized to have opposite linear polarization.

19. The method for independently steering beams of the antenna system of claim 18, wherein the antenna system further comprises a phase controller component that controls amounts of phase shift applied by the plurality of phase shifters.

20. The method for independently steering beams of the antenna system of claim 19, wherein: the first signal has a different frequency than the third signal and the fourth signal; and the second signal has a different frequency than the third signal and the fourth signal.