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1. US20160317109 - HYBRID SLOT-SCANNING GRATING-BASED DIFFERENTIAL PHASE CONTRAST IMAGING SYSTEM FOR MEDICAL RADIOGRAPHIC IMAGING

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[ EN ]

Claims

1.- 27. (canceled)
28. A method of operating a radiographic PCI imaging system, the method comprising:
aligning an x-ray source, a source grating, a phase grating, an analyzer grating, and a detector along a linear axis;
placing an object to be radiographically imaged at a position coinciding with the linear axis;
activating the x-ray source to emit x-rays toward the object and the detector;
capturing a plurality of different radiographic images each generated by the x-rays passing through a different region of the object, using the detector; and
changing a position of at least one of the phase grating and the analyzer grating and repeating the steps of activating and capturing.
29. The method of claim 28, wherein the step of capturing comprises:
scanning the object by continuously moving the activated x-ray source, the source grating, the phase grating, the analyzer grating, and the detector such that the linear axis traverses at least a portion of a width of the object; and
capturing a plurality of radiographic images generated by the x-rays passing through the object during the step of scanning, using the detector.
30. The method of claim 29, further comprising placing the object to be radiographically imaged between the source grating and the phase grating.
31. The method of claim 30, further comprising repeating the step of changing until said one of the phase grating and the analyzer grating has traversed a distance equivalent to one cycle of a radiographic fringe pattern.
32. The method of claim 31, further comprising processing the captured radiographic images to form a final radiographic image of the object, and displaying the final radiographic image of the object on a monitor.
33. The method of claim 32, wherein the step of scanning comprises continuously moving the activated x-ray source, the source grating, the phase grating, the analyzer grating, and the detector in a width direction, and wherein the step of changing comprises moving said one of the phase grating and the analyzer grating step-wise for a predetermined distance in a direction parallel to the width direction.
34. The method of claim 33, wherein the step of capturing comprises capturing a plurality of different overlapping radiographic images.
35. The method of claim 33, wherein the step of aligning further comprises aligning the phase grating and analyzer grating in a detuned configuration.
36. The method of claim 35, further comprising aligning the grating bars of the source grating, the phase grating, and the analyzer grating transverse to the width direction.
37. The method of claim 28, wherein the step of changing further comprises rotating together the phase grating and the analyzer grating around an axis parallel to an orientation of the grating bars of the phase grating and the analyzer grating.
38. A method of operating a radiographic PCI imaging system, the method comprising:
aligning an x-ray source, a source grating, a phase grating, an analyzer grating, and a detector along a linear axis;
placing an object to be radiographically imaged at a position coinciding with the linear axis;
activating the x-ray source to emit x-rays toward the object and the detector;
capturing a radiographic image of a first region of the object generated by the x-rays passing through the first region of the object, using the detector; and
changing the position of the analyzer grating and repeating the step of capturing a radiographic image of the first region of the object generated by the x-rays passing through the first region of the object.
39. The method of claim 38, further comprising repeating the step of changing.
40. The method of claim 38, further comprising:
simultaneously stepping the x-ray source, the source grating, the phase grating, the analyzer grating, and the detector in a direction parallel to a width of the detector for a distance of about the width of the detector; and
capturing a radiographic image of another region of the object generated by the x-rays passing through said another region of the object, using the detector; and
repeatedly changing the position of the analyzer grating and capturing a radiographic image of said another region of the object generated by the x-rays passing through said another region of the object.
41. The method of claim 40, further comprising placing the object to be radiographically imaged between the source grating and the phase grating.
42. The method of claim 40, further comprising continuing the step of repeatedly changing until the analyzer grating has traversed a distance equivalent to a cycle of a radiographic fringe pattern.
43. The method of claim 42, further comprising processing the captured radiographic images to form a final radiographic image of the object and displaying the final radiographic image of the object on a monitor.
44. The method of claim 43, wherein the steps of changing and repeatedly changing comprise moving the analyzer grating step-wise in a direction parallel to the width of the detector.
45. The method of claim 44, further comprising capturing a plurality of overlapping radiographic images.
46. The method of claim 44, wherein the step of aligning further comprises aligning the phase grating and analyzer grating in a detuned configuration.
47. The method of claim 44, further comprising aligning the grating bars of the source grating, the phase grating, and the analyzer grating transverse to the width of the detector.