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1. WO2018125824 - ETHYLENE OLIGOMERIZATION PROCESSES

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A process comprising:

A) continuously introducing into a reaction zone

i) ethylene,

ii) a pyridine bisimine iron salt complex,

iii) an organoaluminum compound, and

iv) an organic reaction medium comprising one or more C8 to C18 aliphatic hydrocarbons; and

B) forming an oligomer product in the reaction zone, the reaction zone having an average temperature in a range of 75 °C to 95 °C.

2. A process comprising:

A) continuously introducing into a reaction zone

i) ethylene,

ii) an iron salt,

iii) a pyridine bisimine,

iv) an organoaluminum compound, and

v) an organic reaction medium comprising one or more C8 to Cig aliphatic hydrocarbons; and

B) forming an oligomer product in the reaction zone, the reaction zone having an average temperature in a range of 75 °C to 95 °C.

3. The process of claim 2, wherein the reaction zone has an iron salt to pyridine bisimine equivalent ratio in the range of 0.8: 1 to 1.2: 1.

4. The process of any one of claims 1 through 3, wherein the reaction zone has an iron of the pyridine bisimine iron salt complex concentration of 5 x 10"4 mmol/kg to 5 x 10"3 mmol/kg, an aluminium of the organoaluminum compound to iron of the iron salt or iron of the pyridine bisimine iron salt complex molar ratio in a range of 300: 1 to 800: 1 , an ethylene partial pressure in a range of 750: 1 psig to 1200 psig, an ethylene to organic reaction medium mass ratio of 0.8: 1 to 4.5: 1 , an aluminum of the organoaluminum compound concentration in a range of 0.75 mmol Al/kg to 2.6 mmol Al/kg, or any combination thereof.

5. The process of any one of claims 1 through 4, wherein hydrogen is continuously introduced into the reaction zone and the reaction zone has a hydrogen partial pressure of at least 5 psi.

The process of any one of claims 1 through 5, wherein the organic reaction medium comprises one or more C8 to Ci6 olefinic aliphatic hydrocarbons.

A process comprising:

A) continuously introducing into a reaction zone

i) ethylene,

ii) a pyridine bisimine iron salt complex,

iii) an organoaluminum compound, and

iv) an organic reaction medium; and

B) forming an oligomer product in the reaction zone, the reaction zone having

i) an iron of the pyridine bisimine iron salt complex concentration in a range of 5 x 10"4 mmol/kg to 5 x 10"3 mmol/kg,

ii) an aluminum of the organoaluminum compound to iron of the pyridine bisimine iron salt complex molar ratio in a range of 300: 1 to 800: 1,

iii) an ethylene partial pressure in a range of 750 psig to 1200 psig,

iv) an ethylene to organic reaction medium mass ratio of 0.8: 1 to 4.5: 1, and

v) an average temperature in a range of 75 °C to 95 °C; and optionally

vi) a hydrogen partial pressure of at least 5 psi.

A process comprising:

A) continuously introducing into a reaction zone

i) ethylene,

ii) an iron salt,

iii) a pyridine bisimine,

iv) an organoaluminum compound, and

v) an organic reaction medium, and

B) forming an oligomer product in the reaction zone, the reaction zone having

i) an iron of the iron salt concentration in a range of 5 x 10"4 mmol/kg to 5 x 10"3 mmol/kg,

ii) an aluminum of the organoaluminum compound to iron of the iron salt molar ratio in a range of 300: 1 to 800: 1,

ii) an ethylene partial pressure in a range of 750 psig to 1200 psig,

iv) an ethylene to organic reaction medium mass ratio in a range of 0.8: 1 to 4.5: 1, v) a temperature in a range of 75 °C to 95 °C; and optionally

vi) a hydrogen partial pressure of at least 5 psi.

9. The process of claim 8, wherein the reaction zone has an iron salt to pyridine bisimine equivalent ratio in the range of 0.8: 1 to 1.2: 1.

10. The process of any one of claims 7 through 9, wherein the reaction zone has an aluminum of the organoaluminum compound concentration in a range of 0.75 mmol Al/kg to 2.6 mmol Al/kg.

1 1. The process of any one of claims 7 through 10, wherein the organic reaction medium comprises one or more C8 to C18 aliphatic hydrocarbons.

12. The process of any one of claims 7 through 9, wherein the reaction zone has an aluminum of the organoaluminum compound concentration in a range of 0.75 mmol Al/kg to 2.6 mmol Al/kg, the aluminum of the organoaluminum compound to iron of the iron salt molar ratio is in the range of 300: 1 to 500: 1, the ethylene partial pressure is in the range of 750 to 1000 psi, and the temperature is in the range of 80 °C to 90 °C; wherein the oligomer product formed in the reaction zone has a Schultz-Flory K value in a range of 0.4 to 0.9 and wherein the organic reaction medium consists essentially of one or more of C8 to C16 olefinic aliphatic hydrocarbons.

13. The process of any one of claims 1 through 12, wherein the pyridine bisimine or the pyridine bisimine of the pyridine bisimine iron salt complex comprises i) a 2,6- bis[(arylimine)hydrocarbyl]pyridine wherein the aryl groups can be the same or different, ii) a bis [(substituted arylimine)hydrocarbyl]pyridine, wherein the substituted aryl groups can be the same or different, or iii) a [(arylimine)hydrocarbyl], [(substituted arylimine)hydrocarbyl]pyridine.

14. The process of claim 13, wherein

1) one, two, or three of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen independently are a halogen a primary carbon atom group or a secondary carbon atom group; and the remainder of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen are hydrogen,

2) one of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen is a tertiary carbon atom group; none, one, or two of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen independently are a halogen, a primary carbon atom group or a secondary carbon atom group; and the remainder of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen are hydrogen,

3) two of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen independently are a tertiary carbon atom group; none, or one

of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen independently are a halogen, a primary carbon atom group, or a secondary carbon atom group; and the remainder of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen are hydrogen,

4) one or two of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen independently are a tertiary carbon atom group(s); and the remainder of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen are hydrogen,

5) one or two of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen are a quaternary carbon atom group; and the remainder of the aryl groups and/or substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen are hydrogen, or

6) all four of the substituted aryl groups positions ortho to the carbon atom attached to the imine nitrogen are fluorine.

14. The process of any one of claims 1 through 12, wherein the pyridine bisimine or the pyridine bisimine of the pyridine bisimine iron salt complex is selected from the group consisting of 2,6- bis[(phenylimine) methyljpyridine, 2,6-bis[(2-methylphenylimine)methyl]pyridine, 2,6-bis[(2- ethylphenylimine)methyl]pyridine, 2,6-bis[(2-isopropylphenylimine)methyl]pyridine, 2,6-bis[(2,4- dimethylphenylimine)methyl]pyridine, 2-[(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimine)methyl]-6-[(4-methyl- phenylimine)methyl]pyridine, 2-[(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimine)methyl]-6-[(3,5-dimethylphenyl- imine)methyl]pyridine, and 2-[(2,4,6-trimethylphenylimine)methyl]-6-[(4-t-butylphenylimine)- methyl] pyridine, and combinations thereof.

15. The process of any one of claims 1 through 14, further comprising introducing the organic reaction medium to the reaction zone prior to introducing 1 ) the iron salt pyridine bisimine complex or the iron salt and the pyridine bisimine compound, or 2) the ethylene to the reaction zone.

16. The process of any one of claims 1 through 15, further comprising introducing 1) the pyridine bisimine iron salt complex, or 2) the iron salt and the pyridine bisimine to the reaction zone prior to introducing ethylene to the reaction zone.

17. The process of any one of claims 1 through 16, wherein the organic reaction medium comprises 1- decene, 1-dodecene, 1 -tetradecene, or any combination thereof.

18. The process of any one of claims 1 through 17, wherein the organic reaction medium is substantially devoid of a halogenated compound.