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1. (WO2019068111) LOW EMISSIONS, HIGH WORKING CAPACITY ADSORBENT AND CANISTER SYSTEM
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CLAIMS

1. A shaped adsorbent material comprising an admixture of a binder and an activated adsorbent powder prepared by grinding an activated adsorbent precursor, wherein the admixture is shaped into a form, and wherein the shaped adsorbent material has an ASTM BWC of at least 13 g/dL.

2. The shaped adsorbent material of claim 1, wherein the activated adsorbent powder has as butane activity (pBACT) of at least about 50 g/lOOg.

3. The shaped adsorbent material of claim 1 or 2, wherein the shaped adsorbent material comprises a ratio of pore volumes of 0.05-1 micron to 0.05-100 microns that is greater than about 80%.

4. The shaped adsorbent material of any of claims 1-2, wherein the shaped adsorbent material comprises a ratio of pore volumes of 0.05-0.5 micron to 0.05-100 microns that is greater than about 50%.

5. The shaped adsorbent material of any of claims 1-4, wherein the activated adsorbent precursor is an activated carbon precursor.

6. The shaped adsorbent material of any of claims 1-5, wherein the binder comprises at least one of an organic binder, an inorganic binder or both.

7. The shaped adsorbent material of claim 6, wherein the organic binder is at least one of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), a synthetic organic binder or both.

8. The shaped adsorbent material of claim 6, wherein the inorganic binder is a clay.

9. The shaped adsorbent material of claim 5, wherein the activated carbon precursor is derived from at least one of wood, wood dust, wood flour, cotton linters, peat, coal, coconut, lignite, carbohydrates, petroleum pitch, petroleum coke, coal tar pitch, fruit pits, fruit stones, nut shells, nut pits, sawdust, palm, vegetables, a synthetic polymer, natural polymer, lignocellulosic material, or a combination thereof.

10. The shaped adsorbent material of any of claims 1-9, wherein the form is selected from a pellet, granule, sphere, honeycomb, monolith, cylinder, particulate, hollow-cylinder, star, twisted spiral, asterisk, configured ribbon, or a combination thereof.

11. An evaporative emission control canister system comprising at least one adsorbent volume, and including a shaped adsorbent material comprising an admixture of a binder and an activated adsorbent powder derived by grinding an activated adsorbent precursor, wherein the admixture is shaped into a form, and wherein the shaped adsorbent material has an ASTM BWC of at least 13 g/dL.

12. The evaporative emission control canister system of claim 11, wherein the canister system comprises at least one fuel-side adsorbent volume and at least one vent-side adsorbent volume, wherein at least one of the at least one fuel- side adsorbent volumes or at least one vent-side adsorbent volumes or a combination thereof includes a shaped adsorbent material comprising an admixture of a binder and an activated adsorbent powder derived by grinding an activated adsorbent precursor, wherein the admixture is shaped into a form, and wherein the shaped adsorbent material has an ASTM BWC of at least 13 g/dL.

13. The evaporative emission control canister system of claim 11 or 12, wherein the shaped adsorbent material has at least one of: (i) a ratio of pore volumes of 0.05-1 micron to 0.05-100 microns that is greater than about 80%, (ii) a ratio of pore volumes of 0.05-0.5 micron to 0.05-100 microns that is greater than about 50%, or (iii) a combination thereof.

14. The shaped adsorbent material of any of claims 1-10, wherein the shaped adsorbent material has two-day diurnal breathing loss (DBL) emissions of 100 mg or less at3l5 liters of purge applied after a 40 g/hr butane loading step as determined in a Defined Canister by the 2012 California Bleed Emissions Test Procedure (BETP).

15. The evaporative emission control canister system of any of claims 11-13, wherein the system has two-day diurnal breathing loss (DBL) emissions of less than 100 mg when tested by the China 6 test procedure.

16. The evaporative emission control canister system of any of claims 11-15, wherein the activated adsorbent powder has as butane activity (pBACT) of at least about 50 g/lOOg.

17. The evaporative emission control canister system of any of claims 11-16, wherein the

activated adsorbent precursor is an activated carbon precursor.

18. The evaporative emission control canister system of any of claims 11-17, wherein the binder comprises at least one of an organic binder, an inorganic binder or both.

19. The evaporative emission control canister system of claim 18, wherein the organic binder is at least one of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), a synthetic organic binder or both.

20. The evaporative emission control canister system of claim 18, wherein the inorganic binder is a clay.

21. The evaporative emission control canister system of any of claims 17-20, wherein the activated carbon precursor is derived from at least one of wood, wood dust, wood flour, cotton linters, peat, coal, coconut, lignite, carbohydrates, petroleum pitch, petroleum coke, coal tar pitch, fruit pits, fruit stones, nut shells, nut pits, sawdust, palm, vegetables, a synthetic polymer, natural polymer, lignocellulosic material, or a combination thereof.

22. The evaporative emission control canister system of any of claims 11-21, wherein the form is selected from a pellet, granule, sphere, honeycomb, monolith, cylinder, particulate, hollow-cylinder, star, twisted spiral, asterisk, configured ribbon, or a combination thereof.

23. The evaporative emission control canister system of any of claims 11-22, wherein the canister system comprises at least one vent-side adsorptive volume having at least one of: (i) an incremental adsorption capacity at 25 °C of from 4 grams n-butane/L to less than 35 grams n-butane/L between vapor concentrations of 5 vol% and 50 vol% n-butane, (ii) an effective BWC of less than 3 g/dL, (iii) a g-total BWC of less than 6 grams, or (iv) a combination thereof.

24. The evaporative emission control canister system of any of claims 11-23, wherein the canister system comprises at least one fuel-side adsorptive volume having an incremental adsorption capacity at 25 °C of greater than 35 grams n-butane/L between vapor concentrations of 5 vol% and 50 vol% n-butane.

25. A shaped adsorbent material produced according to the steps comprising:

a. providing an activated adsorbent precursor;

b. grinding the activated adsorbent precursor to a powder, wherein the powder has a pBACT of at least about 50 g/lOOg;

c. admixing the powder with a binder material; and

d. shaping the powder and binder material mixture into a form, wherein the shaped adsorbent material has an ASTM BWC of at least 13 g/dL.

26. The shaped adsorbent material of claim 25, wherein the shaped adsorbent material has at least one of: (i) a ratio of pore volumes of 0.05-1 micron to 0.05-100 microns that is greater than about 80%, (ii) a ratio of pore volumes of 0.05-0.5 micron to 0.05-100 microns that is greater than about 50%, (iii) or a combination thereof.

27. The shaped adsorbent material of claim 25 or 26, wherein the activated adsorbent precursor is an activated carbon precursor.

28. The shaped adsorbent material of any of claims 25-27, wherein the binder material comprises at least one of an organic binder, an inorganic binder or both.

29. The shaped adsorbent material of claim 28, wherein the organic binder is at least one of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), a synthetic organic binder or both.

30. The shaped adsorbent material of claim 28, wherein the inorganic binder is a clay.

31. The shaped adsorbent material of any of claims 25-30, wherein the activated carbon precursor is derived from at least one of wood, wood dust, wood flour, cotton linters, peat, coal, coconut, lignite, carbohydrates, petroleum pitch, petroleum coke, coal tar pitch, fruit pits, fruit stones, nut shells, nut pits, sawdust, palm, vegetables, a synthetic polymer, natural polymer, lignocellulosic material, or a combination thereof.

32. The shaped adsorbent material of any of claims 25-31, wherein the form is selected from a pellet, granule, sphere, honeycomb, monolith, cylinder, particulate, hollow-cylinder, star, twisted spiral, asterisk, configured ribbon, or a combination thereof.

33. The shaped adsorbent material of any of claims 26-32, wherein the shaped adsorbent material has a ratio of pore volumes of 0.05-1 micron to 0.05-100 microns that is greater than about 80%, and a ratio of pore volumes of 0.05-0.5 micron to 0.05-100 microns that is greater than about 50%.

34. An evaporative emission control canister system comprising at least one fuel-side adsorbent volume and at least one vent- side adsorbent volume, wherein at least one of the at least one fuel-side adsorbent volumes or at least one vent-side adsorbent volumes or a combination thereof includes a shaped adsorbent material prepared according to the method of claim 25.

35. The evaporative emission control canister system of claim 34, further comprising a fuel- side adsorbent volume having an incremental adsorption capacity at 25 °C of greater than 35 grams n-butane/L between vapor concentrations of 5 vol% and 50 vol% n-butane.

36. The evaporative emission control canister system of claim 34 or 35, further comprising at least one vent-side adsorbent volume having at least one of:

(i) an incremental adsorption capacity at 25 °C of from 4 grams n-butane/L to less than 35 grams n-butane/L between vapor concentrations of 5 vol% and 50 vol% n-butane,

(ii) an ASTM BWC of less than 3 g/dL,

(iii) a g-total BWC of less than 6 grams, or

(iv) a combination thereof.

37. The evaporative emission control canister system of any of claims 11-13, wherein the system has two-day diurnal breathing loss (DBL) emissions of 20 mg or less with no more than 315 liters of purge applied after a 40 g/hr butane loading step as determined by the 2012 California Bleed Emissions Test Procedure (BETP).

38. The evaporative emission control canister system of any of claims 11-13, wherein the system has two-day diurnal breathing loss (DBL) emissions of 20 mg or less with no more than 150 BV of purge applied after a 40 g/hr butane loading step as determined by the 2012 California Bleed Emissions Test Procedure (BETP).