Einige Inhalte dieser Anwendung sind momentan nicht verfügbar.
Wenn diese Situation weiterhin besteht, kontaktieren Sie uns bitte unterFeedback&Kontakt
1. (WO2019049155) SYSTEM FOR DRY ARTIFICIAL POLLINATION OF CULTIVATED TREES OR SHRUBS BY INSECT-BORNE POLLEN AND METHOD OF DOING THE SAME
Anmerkung: Text basiert auf automatischer optischer Zeichenerkennung (OCR). Verwenden Sie bitte aus rechtlichen Gründen die PDF-Version.

Claims:

1. A system for dry artificial pollination of cultivated trees or shrubs by insect-borne pollen comprising:

a. an air supply for generating an air flow;

b. a container accommodating pollen grains and maintaining said pollen grains in fluidized condition;

c. a high voltage power supply;

d. at least two electrostatic pollinators for directing said pollen grains carried air flow in a direction of cultivated trees or shrubs; said at least two electrostatic pollinators being in fluid connection with said container; e. a feeder interconnecting said container and said at least electrostatic

pollinator; said feeder configured for feeding said pollen grains in a fluidized condition from said container into said at least one electrostatic pollinator; said feeder comprises a doser configured for dispensing a predetermined amounts of said pollen grains in fluidized condition;

f. a distributer configured for segmenting and distributing the said pollen grains in a fluidized condition to at least two said electrostatic pollinators. wherein said system comprises a mixer configured for atomizing said pollen grains.

2. The system according to claim 1, wherein said at least one electrostatic pollinator comprises a conduit for guiding said air flow mixed with said pollen mixture in a direction of said cultivated trees or shrubs.

3. The system according to claim 1, wherein said at least one electrostatic pollinator comprises a corona-discharge electrode for charging said pollen mixture in said direction of said cultivated trees or shrubs; said corona-discharge electrode is electrically connected to high voltage power supply.

4. The system according to claim 1, wherein said at least one electrostatic pollinator is based on tribo-charging.

5. The system according to claim 1, wherein said electrified electrode is an

electrically conductive grid connected to said high voltage power supply.

6. The system according to claim 1 comprising a feeding system including: a feeder, a mixer and tubes connecting the container to the feeder, the feeder to the mixer and the mixer to the distributer, wherein air from said air supply is fed into at least one of the said feeding system components.

7. The system according to claim 1 comprising a transport arrangement configured for supporting said at least one electrostatic pollinator near said cultivated trees or shrubs at a predetermined distance.

8. The system according to claim 7 comprising a chassis carrying said transport arrangement.

9. The system according to claim 8 comprising said chassis carrying said transport arrangement is self-propelled and self-steering.

10. The system according to claim 7, wherein said transport arrangement has a

telescopic structure.

11. The system according to claim 7, wherein said transport arrangement has an

articulated structure.

12. A method of artificially pollinating cultivated by insect-borne pollen; said method comprising steps of:

a. providing dry insect borne pollen of cultivated trees or shrubs;

b. providing a system for artificial pollination; said system comprising at least two electrostatic pollinators further comprising:

i. an air supply for generating an air flow;

ii. a container accommodating pollen grains and maintaining said pollen grains in fluidized condition;

iii. a high voltage power supply;

iv. at least one electrostatic pollinator for directing said pollen grains carried air flow in a direction of cultivated trees or shrubs; said at least one electrostatic pollinator being in fluid connection with said container;

v. a feeder interconnecting said container and said at least

electrostatic pollinator; said feeder configured for feeding said pollen grains in a fluidized condition from said container into said

at least one electrostatic pollinator; said feeder comprises a doser configured for dispensing a predetermined amounts of said pollen grains in fluidized condition and a mixer configured for atomizing said pollen grains;

vi. a distributer configured for segmenting and distributing the said pollen grains in a fluidized condition to at least two said electrostatic pollinators;

c. pointing said at least one electrostatic pollinator to said cultivated plant; d. generating said air flow by said air supply;

e. providing said air flow to said feeder and mixer;;

f. guiding said pollen grains in said fluidized condition in a direction of cultivated trees or shrubs;

g. charging said dry insect-borne pollen grains in said fluidized condition in said direction of said cultivated plant.

13. A system for dry artificial pollination of cultivated trees or shrubs by insect-borne pollen comprising:

a. an air supply for generating an air flow;

b. a container accommodating pollen grains and maintaining said pollen grains in fluidized condition;

c. a high voltage power supply;

d. at least one electrostatic pollinator for charging said pollen grains carried air flow in a direction of cultivated trees or shrubs; said at least one electrostatic pollinator being in fluid connection with said container; e. a feeder interconnecting said container and said at least electrostatic

pollinator; said feeder configured for feeding said pollen grains in a fluidized condition from said container into said at least one electrostatic pollinator; said feeder comprises a doser configured for dispensing a predetermined amounts of said pollen grains in fluidized condition and a mixer configured for atomizing said pollen grains;

f. a distributer configured for segmenting and distributing the said pollen grains in a fluidized condition to at least two said electrostatic pollinators g. at least one sensing unit configured for detecting at least one spatial parameter;

h. at least one sensing unit configured for sensing neighboring environment; i. a control unit configured for receiving spatial parameters and parameters of neighboring environment from said sensing units;

wherein said control unit is configured for recognizing geometry of said cultivated trees or shrubs and pointing said at least one electrostatic pollinator thereto such that a flow of said pollen grains in fluidized condition created by said at least one electrostatic pollinator compensates wind magnitude within said geometry and create a volume of substantially still air therewithin.

14. The system according to claim 13, wherein said at least one electrostatic

pollinator comprises a corona-discharge electrode for charging said pollen mixture in said direction of said cultivated trees or shrubs; said corona-discharge electrode is electrically connected to high voltage power supply.

15. The system according to claim 13, wherein said at least one electrostatic

pollinator is based on tribo-charging.

16. The system according to claim 13, wherein said at least one sensing unit

comprises a module configured for recognizing said cultivated trees or shrubs.

17. The system according to claim 13, wherein said at least one sensing unit

comprises a meteorological module configured for sensing at least one meteorological parameter of environmental air.

18. The system according to claim 17, wherein said at least one meteorological

parameter is selected from the group consisting of wind velocity, wind direction, temperature and relative humidity and any combination thereof.

19. The system according to claim 13, wherein said at least one sensing unit

comprises a spatial sensor configured for determining a geographic position of said system.

20. The system according to claim 13, wherein said control unit is configured for calculating geometry of said cultivated plant on the basis of measurements obtained by said at least one spatial sensor.

21. The system according to claim 13, wherein said control unit is configured for calculating flower coverage of said cultivated trees or shrubs on the basis of images obtained by said at least one sensing unit.

22. The system according to claim 13, wherein said control unit is configured for regularly interrogating said at least one sensing unit.

23. The system according to claim 13, wherein said control unit is configured for time closed loop control in real time;

24. The system according to claim 13, wherein said control unit is configured for controlling at least one parameter selected from the group consisting of a flow velocity of said pollen grains within said at least one electrostatic pollinator, a voltage on an electrode within said electrostatic pollinator, a dispensable dose of said pollen grains and any combination thereof.

25. The system according to claim 13, wherein said control unit is configured for controlling at least one parameter selected from the group consisting of a distance between said electrostatic pollinator and said cultivated trees or shrubs, a direction of a flow of said pollen grains, a position of said system relative to said cultivated trees or shrubs and any combination thereof.

26. The system according to claim 13 comprising two self-propelled and self-steering portions; said portions comprise said at least one electrostatic pollinator each.

27. The system according to claim 26, wherein said portions are cooperatively

positionable such that said volume of substantially still air is created.

28. A method of dry artificial pollination of cultivated trees or shrubs by insect-borne pollen; said method comprising steps of:

a. providing dry insect borne pollen of cultivated trees or shrubs;

b. providing a system for artificial pollination; said system comprising at least one electrostatic pollinator further comprising:

i. an air supply for generating an air flow;

ii. a container accommodating pollen grains and maintaining said pollen grains in fluidized condition;;

iii. a high voltage power supply;

iv. at least one electrostatic pollinator for charging said pollen grains carried air flow in a direction of cultivated trees or shrubs; said at least one electrostatic pollinator being in fluid connection with said container;

v. a feeder interconnecting said container and said at least

electrostatic pollinator; said feeder configured for feeding said pollen grains in a fluidized condition from said container into said at least one electrostatic pollinator; said feeder comprises a doser configured for dispensing a predetermined amounts of said pollen grains in fluidized condition and a mixer configured for atomizing said pollen grains;

vi. a distributer configured for segmenting and distributing the said pollen grains in a fluidized condition to at least two said electrostatic pollinators;

vii. at least one sensing unit configured for detecting spatial parameters of said system and sensing neighboring environment;

viii. a control unit configured for receiving spatial parameters and

parameters of neighboring environment from said sensing unit; wherein said control unit is configured for recognizing a geometry of said cultivated trees or shrubs and pointing said at least one electrostatic pollinator thereto such that pollen grains in fluidized condition reach cultivated trees or shrubs;

for detecting a geographic position said system and sensing neighboring environment;

receiving geographic position and parameters of neighboring environment from said sensing unit;

recognizing a geometry of said cultivated trees or shrubs

pointing said at least one electrostatic pollinator to said cultivated plant; generating said air flow by said air supply;

providing said air flow to said feeding system

fluidizing said pollen grains within said container;

guiding said pollen grains in said fluidized condition in a direction of cultivated trees or shrubs;

charging said pollen grains in said fluidized condition in said direction of said cultivated plant by said electrified electrode.