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1. (WO2019003021) CLOSED LOOP VELOCITY CONTROL OF CLOSURE MEMBER FOR ROBOTIC SURGICAL INSTRUMENT
Anmerkung: Text basiert auf automatischer optischer Zeichenerkennung (OCR). Verwenden Sie bitte aus rechtlichen Gründen die PDF-Version.

CLAIMS

1. A control system for a robotic surgical system, the control system comprising:

a control circuit configured to:

determine actual closure force of a closure member;

compare the actual closure force to a threshold closure force;

determine a set point velocity to displace the closure member based on the comparison; and

control the actual velocity of the closure member based on the set point velocity.

2. The control system of claim 1 , wherein the control circuit comprises a proportional, integral, and derivative (PID) feedback control system.

3. The control system of claim 2, wherein the PID feedback control system comprises a primary PID feedback loop and a secondary PID feedback loop,

wherein the primary feedback loop is configured to determine a first error between the actual closure force of the closure member and a threshold closure force and set the set point velocity based on the first error; and

wherein the secondary feedback loop is configured to determine a second error between the actual velocity of the closure member and the set point velocity and control the actual velocity of the closure member based on the second error.

4. The control system of claim 1 , wherein the threshold closure force comprises an upper threshold and a lower threshold, wherein the set point velocity is configured to advance the closure member distally when the actual closure force is less than the lower threshold, and wherein the set point velocity is configured to retract the closure member proximally when the actual closure force is greater than the lower threshold.

5. The control system of claim 4, wherein the set point velocity is configured to hold the closure member in place when the actual closure force is between the upper and lower thresholds.

6. The control system of claim 1 , further comprising a force sensor coupled to the control circuit, the force sensor configured measure the closure force.

7. The control system of claim 6, wherein the force sensor comprises a torque sensor coupled to an output shaft of a motor coupled to the closure member, wherein the torque sensor is configured to measure the closure force.

8. The control system of claim 6, wherein the force sensor comprises a strain gauge coupled to the closure member, wherein the strain gauge is configured to measure the closure force.

9. The control system of claim 6, wherein the force sensor comprises a load cell coupled to the closure member, wherein the load cell is configured to measure the closure force.

10. The control system of claim 6, further comprising a position sensor coupled to the closure member, wherein the position sensor is configured to measure the position of the closure member.

1 1 . The control system of claim 1 , wherein the control circuit is configured to advance the closure member during at least a portion of a firing stroke.

12. A control system for a robotic surgical system, the control system comprising:

a first motor configured to couple to a closure member;

a force sensor configured to measure closure force applied to the closure member; a closed loop feedback control system comprising a control circuit coupled to the first motor and the force sensor, wherein the control circuit is configured to:

receive, from the force sensor, actual closure force the closure member;

compare the actual closure force to a threshold closure force;

determine a set point velocity of the first motor to displace the closure member based on the comparison; and

control the actual velocity of the closure member based on the set point velocity.

13. The control system of claim 12, wherein the closed loop feedback control system comprises a proportional, integral, and derivative (PID) feedback control system.

14. The control system of claim 13, wherein the PID feedback control system comprises a primary PID feedback loop and a secondary PID feedback loop,

wherein the primary feedback loop is configured to determine a first error between the actual closure force of the closure member and a threshold closure force and set the set point velocity based on the first error; and

wherein the secondary feedback loop is configured to determine a second error between the actual velocity of the closure member and the set point velocity of the closure member and control the actual velocity of the closure member based on the second error.

15. The control system of claim 12, wherein the threshold closure force comprises an upper threshold and a lower threshold, wherein the set point velocity is configured to advance the closure member distally when the actual closure force is less than the lower threshold, and wherein the set point velocity is configured to retract the closure member proximally when the actual closure force is greater than the lower threshold.

16. The control system of claim 15, wherein the set point velocity is configured to hold the closure member in place when the actual closure force is between the upper and lower thresholds.

17. The control system of claim 12, wherein the force sensor comprises a torque sensor coupled to an output shaft of the first motor, wherein the torque sensor is configured to measure closure force.

18. The control system of claim 12, wherein the force sensor comprises a strain gauge coupled to the closure member, wherein the strain gauge is configured to measure closure force.

19. The control system of claim 12, wherein the force sensor comprises a load cell coupled to the closure member, wherein the load cell is configured to measure closure force.

20. The control system of claim 12, further comprising a position sensor coupled to the closure member, wherein the position sensor is configured to measure the position of the closure member.

21 . The control system of claim 12, further comprising a second motor coupled to a firing member, wherein the control circuit is configured to advance the closure member during at least a portion of a firing stroke of the firing member.

22. A control system for a robotic surgical system, the control system comprising: a control circuit comprising a proportional, integral, and derivative (PID) feedback control system, the control circuit configured to:

determine actual closure force of a closure member;

compare the actual closure force to a threshold closure force;

determine a set point velocity to displace the closure member based on the comparison; and

control the actual velocity of the closure member based on the set point velocity; a force sensor coupled to the control circuit, the force sensor configured measure the closure force; and

a motor coupled to the control circuit and to the closure member, wherein the control circuit is configured to advance the closure member during at least a portion of a firing stroke; wherein the threshold closure force comprises an upper threshold and a lower threshold, wherein the set point velocity is configured to advance the closure member distally when the actual closure force is less than the lower threshold, and wherein the set point velocity is configured to retract the closure member proximally when the actual closure force is greater than the lower threshold.

23. The control system of claim 22, wherein the PID feedback control system comprises a primary PID feedback loop and a secondary PID feedback loop,

wherein the primary feedback loop determines a first error between the actual closure force of the closure member and a threshold closure force and sets set point velocity based on the first error; and

wherein the secondary feedback loop determines a second error between the actual velocity of the closure member and the set point velocity and controls the actual velocity of the closure member based on the second error.

24. The control system of claim 22, wherein the set point velocity is configured to hold the closure member in place when the actual closure force is between the upper and lower thresholds.

25. The control system of claim 22, wherein the force sensor comprises a torque sensor coupled to an output shaft of a motor coupled to the closure member, wherein the torque sensor is configured to measure closure force.

26. The control system of claim 22, wherein the force sensor comprises a strain gauge coupled to the closure member, wherein the strain gauge is configured to measure closure force.

27. The control system of claim 22, wherein the force sensor comprises a load cell coupled to the closure member, wherein the load cell is configured to measure closure force.

28. The control system of claim 22, further comprising a position sensor coupled to the closure member, wherein the position sensor is configured to measure the position of the closure member.