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1. (WO2018222400) BREATHABLE EARPIECES
Anmerkung: Text basiert auf automatischer optischer Zeichenerkennung (OCR). Verwenden Sie bitte aus rechtlichen Gründen die PDF-Version.

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A composition comprising:

one or more elastomers; and

one or more agents;

wherein the composition has water permeability greater than about 20 g/(hr*m2).

2. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the water permeability is greater than about 50 g/(hr*m2).

3. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the water permeability is greater than about 100 g/(hr*m2).

4. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the water permeability is greater than about 500 g/(hr*m2).

5. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the agent comprises a hydrophilic additive, oleophilic additive, inorganic additive, or an extractable agent.

6. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the agent comprises Cellulobeads D-30, Pemulen TR-2NF Polymeric Emulsifier, Carbopol 971PNF, Carbopol ETD20202NF, Carbopol 974PNF, Noveon AA1, Nylon 6 (POMP900), or Nylon 10-12.

7. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the agent comprises Carbopol 974PNF, Carbopol ETD2020NF, Nylon 6 (POMP900), or Cellulobeads D-30.

8. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the agent comprises cross-linked polyacrylic acid, polyamide, cross-linked carboxymethylcellulose, cross-linked polyvinyl alcohol, or derivatives thereof.

9. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the agent comprises polyacrylic acid cross-linked with allyl sucrose, allyl pentaerythritol, or divinyl glycol; or polyacrylic acid with Cio-30 alkyl acrylate cross-linked with allyl pentaerythritol.

10. The composition of claim 5, wherein the inorganic additive comprises an alkali metal salt.

11. The composition of claim 10, wherein the alkali metal salt comprises NaCl.

12. The composition of claim 10, wherein the alkali metal salt comprises a fine powder or macro-crystals.

13. The composition of claim 5, wherein the extractable agent comprises water soluble sugar, water soluble polymer, or organic solvent soluble wax.

14. The composition of claim 13, wherein the water soluble polymer comprises polyvinylpyrrolidone or polyvinyl alcohol.

15. The composition of claim 13, wherein the organic solvent soluble wax comprises liquid paraffin, mineral oil, or wax micro powder.

16. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the elastomer comprises thermoset rubber or thermoplastic elastomer.

17. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the elastomer comprises thermoset urethanes, butyl rubbers, nitriles, thermoplastic vulcanizate polypropylene, thermoplastic silicone vulcanizate, styrenic-based thermoplastic elastomers, polynorbomene, interpenetrating polymer networks, silicone, or polyisobutylene.

18. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the elastomer comprises silicone,

polynorbomene, polyisobutylene, thermoplastic vulcanizate polypropylene, or thermoplastic silicone vulcanizate.

19. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the elastomer comprises Smooth-On

DragonSkin 30, Startek's Norsorex, Exxpro, PolyOne's 481 -1 16, or Dow Comings TPSiV.

20. A method of preparing a composition comprising one or more elastomers, comprising incorporating micropores or macropores in the elastomer using a puncturing apparatus, wherein the composition has a water permeability greater than about 20 g/(hr*m2).

21. A method of preparing a composition comprising one or more elastomers and one or more agents, comprising:

(a) adding water to the agent;

(b) mixing the agent of (a) with the elastomer; and

(c) curing the mixture of (b) at ambient conditions and/or at elevated temperatures to remove the water;

wherein the composition has a water permeability greater than about 20 g/(hr*m2).

22. The method of claim 21 , wherein the agent comprises a hydrophilic additive, oleophilic additive, or inorganic additive.

23. A method of preparing a composition comprising one or more elastomers and one or more extractable agents comprising:

(a) mixing the extractable agent with the elastomer;

(b) curing the mixture of (a) at ambient conditions and/or at elevated temperatures; and

(c) extracting the extractable agent from the mixture of (b);

wherein the extractable agent comprises alkali metal salt, water soluble sugar, water soluble polymer, or organic solvent soluble wax; and the composition has a water permeability greater than about 20 g/(hr*m2).

24. The method of claim 23, wherein the alkali metal salt comprises NaCl.

25. The method of claim 23, wherein the water soluble polymer comprises polyvinyl alcohol or polyvinylpyrrolidone.

26. An earpiece having tip, retaining legs, body, channel, or a combination thereof made from a composition of claim 1.

27. The earpiece of claim 26, wherein the tip of the earpiece is made from a composition of claim 1.

28. An earpiece having the tip made from a composition comprising one or more elastomers, wherein the elastomer comprises macropores, and wherein the composition has a water permeability greater than about 20 g/(hr*m2).

29. The earpiece of claim 28, wherein the tip further comprises a thin layer of hygroscopic or hydrophilic located behind the tip.

30. An acoustical device having one or more of its components made from a composition of claim 1.

31. The acoustical device of claim 30, wherein the component is a cushion of a headphone or a cushion of a loop-shaped structure for wearing around a user's neck.