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1. (WO2018164587) POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR AN OFFSHORE PLATFORM
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CLAIMS;

1. A power supply system for an offshore oil and gas platform, the power supply system comprising:

a first power supply apparatus for providing power at a first energy level;

an uninterruptible power supply arrangement configured to receive power from the first power supply apparatus, wherein the uninterruptible power supply is for powering at least one essential and/or safety critical component of the oil and gas platform;

a second power supply apparatus for providing power at a second energy level to a main power distribution system of the offshore platform, wherein the second energy level is higher than the first energy level, wherein the second power supply apparatus comprises a power source and a high-power energy storage system capable of supplying power at the second energy level, and wherein the second power supply apparatus can receive energy from the first power supply apparatus and can store energy from the first power supply apparatus in the high-power energy storage system; and

a control system for controlling the first and second power supply apparatuses, wherein the control system is arranged to perform a black start routine to provide full power to the offshore platform via the main power distribution system after a shutdown of the power source in the second power supply apparatus, the black start routine comprising:

using the first power supply apparatus to initiate the uninterruptible power supply and thereby power up the at least one essential and/or safety critical component; and then using the high-power energy storage system to power up the power source.

2. A power supply system as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the second energy level is at least five times the first energy level.

3. A power supply system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the first energy level is in the range 50-100kWh whereas the second energy level is in the range 500-1000 kWh or higher.

4. A power supply system as claimed in claim 1 , 2 or 3, wherein the power source within the second power supply apparatus comprises a gas turbine powered generator supplied with gas produced locally at the platform.

5. A power supply system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the power source within the second power supply apparatus is capable of supplying energy at a level higher than energy that can be supplied via the high-power energy storage system, and wherein the high-power energy storage system is capable of starting the power source within the second power supply apparatus.

6. A power supply system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the high-power energy storage system of the second power supply apparatus is arranged to receive and store energy from the power source during normal use of the offshore platform and the control system is arranged such that in the event of a black start, when there is not sufficient stored energy in the high-power energy storage system to power up the power source of the second power supply apparatus, then the black start routine includes charging the high-power energy storage system using the first power supply apparatus.

7. A power supply system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the first power supply apparatus has multiple redundant power sources including: a power cable for connection to a host installation, at least one solar energy generator, and/or at least one wind powered energy generator.

8. A power supply system as claimed in claim 7, wherein the first power supply has a power cable for connection to a host installation, the power cable comprising a DC fibre optic cable.

9. A power supply system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the first power supply apparatus includes a low-power energy storage system, wherein the low-power energy storage system is capable of supplying power at the first, lower, energy level and is charged by the power source(s) of the first power supply apparatus.

10. A power supply system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the

uninterruptible power supply supplies power to all components deemed essential and/or safety critical in relation to powering up of the power source in the second power supply apparatus.

11. A power supply system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the

uninterruptible power supply supplies power to a ventilation system and to a fire and gas (F&G) system, and wherein the second power supply apparatus requires ventilation in order to operate.

12. A power supply system as claimed in any preceding claim, comprising a communication system linked with the control system for use in remote control of the black start routine, wherein the uninterruptible power supply provides power for the communication system during the black start routine, such that once the uninterruptible power supply has been initiated then the communication system can be used in relation to remote control and/or remote monitoring of subsequent steps during the black start routine.

13. A power supply system as claimed in claim 12, wherein the power supply system has an umbilical for connecting the power supply to a remote host installation, with the umbilical including a wired communication connection for the communication system and a power cable to provide a power source for the first power supply apparatus.

14. A power supply system as claimed in claim 13, wherein the control system is arranged so that the remote host installation can use the umbilical connection to trigger the black start routine via the communication system and/or via a signal sent to the first power supply apparatus using other means.

15. A power supply system as claimed in claim 12, 13 or 14, wherein once the uninterruptible power supply has been initiated via the black start routine then the remote host installation can communicate with the offshore platform by the communication system in order to control and/or monitor further progress of the black start routine.

16. A power supply system as claimed in any of claims 12 to 15, wherein the power supply system includes a monitoring system linked to the communication system to allow for remote monitoring of the power supply system, wherein the monitoring system includes one or more sensors such as cameras, pressure sensors, temperature sensors, and electricity meters such as voltmeters or ammeters in order to monitor aspects of the operation of the power supply system.

17. A power supply system as claimed in claim 16, wherein the control system is arranged to use the monitoring system during the black start routine in order to check for correct implementation of certain steps of the black start routine before subsequent steps are implemented.

18. A power supply system as claimed in claim 17, wherein the black start routine includes remotely monitoring the platform via the communication system to check for correct

implementation of certain steps of the black start routine before subsequent steps are implemented.

19. An offshore oil and gas platform comprising a power supply system as claimed in any preceding claim.

20. A platform as claimed in claim 19, wherein the platform is an unmanned platform with no permanent personnel, wherein the unmanned platform has no provision of facilities for personnel to stay on the platform, for example there may be no shelters for personnel, no toilet facilities, no drinking water, no personnel operated communications equipment, no heli-deck and/or no lifeboat; and/or wherein the unmanned platform is arranged such that personnel are required to be present for fewer than 10,000 maintenance hours per year.

21. A method for supplying power for an offshore oil and gas platform, wherein the platform has a power supply system including:

a first power supply apparatus for providing power at a first energy level;

an uninterruptible power supply arrangement configured to receive power from the first power supply apparatus, wherein the uninterruptible power supply is for powering at least one essential and/or safety critical component of the oil and gas platform; a second power supply apparatus for providing power at a second energy level to a main power distribution system of the offshore platform, wherein the second energy level is higher than the first energy level, wherein the second power supply apparatus comprises a power source and a high-power energy storage system capable of supplying power at the second energy level, and wherein the second power supply apparatus can receive energy from the first power supply apparatus and can store energy from the first power supply apparatus in the high-power energy storage system; and a control system for controlling the first and second power supply apparatuses; and

wherein the method comprises:

using a black start routine to provide full power to the offshore platform via the main power distribution system after a shutdown of the power source in the second power supply apparatus, the black start routine comprising:

using the first power supply apparatus to initiate the uninterruptible power supply and thereby power up the at least one essential and/or safety critical component; and then using the high-power energy storage system to power up the power source.

22. A method as claimed in claim 21 comprising using a power supply system as claimed in any of claims 1 to 18.

23. A method as claimed in claim 21 or 22, wherein the high-power energy storage system of the second power supply apparatus receives energy from the power source during normal use of the offshore platform and the method includes, when the platform is in operation, maintaining the high-power energy storage system in a state with sufficient stored energy for later use during a black start routine.

24. A method as claimed in claim 21 , 22 or 23, wherein the black start routine includes a step of checking the energy storage levels in the high-power energy storage system and, if there is not sufficient stored power for the high-power energy storage system to power up the power source after initiation of the uninterruptible power supply, the black start routine includes charging the high-power energy storage system using power from the first power supply apparatus until there is sufficient stored power for the high-power energy storage system to power up the power source of the second power supply apparatus.

25. A method as claimed in any of claims 21 to 24, wherein the first power supply apparatus includes a low-power energy storage system and one or more power source such as a power cable for connection to a host installation, a solar energy generator, and/or a wind powered energy generator, and the method includes charging the low-power energy storage system via the power source(s) of the first power supply apparatus during normal use and/or during the black start routine.

26. A method as claimed in any of claims 21 to 25, wherein the second power supply apparatus requires ventilation and the black start routine includes using the uninterruptible power supply to power a ventilation system for the second power supply apparatus before any steps are taken to power-up the second power supply apparatus.

27. A method as claimed in any of claims 21 to 26, wherein the platform is an unmanned platform with no permanent personnel, wherein the unmanned platform has no provision of facilities for personnel to stay on the platform, for example there may be no shelters for personnel, no toilet facilities, no drinking water, no personnel operated communications equipment, no heli-deck and/or no lifeboat; and/or wherein the unmanned platform is arranged such that personnel are required to be present for fewer than 10,000 maintenance hours per year.