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1. (WO2018125510) STORAGE OF EXCESS HEAT IN COLD SIDE OF HEAT ENGINE
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CLAIMS

1. A system comprising:

a compressor;

a recuperator;

a hot side heat exchanger;

a turbine;

a cold side heat exchanger;

a cooling heat exchanger; and

a working fluid circulating in a closed cycle path through, in sequence, the compressor, the recuperator, the hot side heat exchanger, the turbine, the recuperator, the cooling heat exchanger, and the cold side heat exchanger, wherein the cooling heat exchanger is configured to remove heat from the working fluid.

2. The system of claim 1 further comprising:

a first cold side thermal storage ("CTS") tank;

a second CTS tank; and

a CTS medium flowing from the first CTS tank, through the cold side heat exchanger, and to the second CTS tank.

3. The system of claim 2, wherein the CTS medium is hexane.

4. The system of claim 2 further comprising:

a first hot side thermal storage ("HTS") tank;

a second HTS tank; and

an HTS medium flowing from the first HTS tank, through the hot side heat exchanger, and to the second HTS tank.

5. The system of claim 4, wherein the HTS medium is molten salt.

6. The system of claim 1, wherein the cooling heat exchanger is a radiator, wherein the working fluid circulating through the cooling heat exchanger expels heat to air.

7. The system of claim 1, wherein the cooling heat exchanger circulates a thermal fluid in thermal contact with a heat sink.

8. The system of claim 7, wherein the heat sink is a cooling tower.

9. A system comprising:

a compressor;

a recuperator;

a hot side heat exchanger;

a turbine;

a cold side heat exchanger;

a working fluid circulating in a closed cycle path through, in sequence, the compressor, the recuperator, the hot side heat exchanger, the turbine, the recuperator, and the cold side heat exchanger;

a cold side thermal storage ("CTS") medium;

a first CTS tank;

an intermediate CTS tank;

a CTS heat exchanger, wherein the CTS heat exchanger is configured to remove heat from the CTS medium;

a second CTS tank;

a first flow path configured to flow CTS medium from the first CTS tank, through the cold side heat exchanger, and to the intermediate CTS tank; and

a second flow path configured to flow CTS medium from the intermediate CTS tank, through the CTS heat exchanger, and to the second CTS tank.

10. The system of claim 9, wherein the CTS medium is hexane.

11. The system of claim 9 further comprising:

a first hot side thermal storage ("HTS") tank;

a second HTS tank; and

an HTS medium flowing from the first HTS tank, through the hot side heat exchanger, and to the second HTS tank.

12. The system of claim 11, wherein the CTS heat exchanger is a cooling tower.

13. The system of claim 11, wherein the CTS heat exchanger is a radiator, wherein the CTS medium flowing through the CTS heat exchanger expels heat to air.

14. The system of claim 11, further comprising a third flow path configured to flow CTS medium from the second CTS tank to the first flow path and inject CTS medium from the second CTS tank into the first flow path.

15. The system of claim 14, wherein the third flow path intersects the first flow path at a location intermediate to the first flow path entering the cold side heat exchanger and the first flow path exiting the heat exchanger.

16. A method comprising:

in a closed cycle system operating in a power generation mode, circulating a working fluid through a closed cycle fluid path including, in sequence, a compressor, a recuperator, a hot side heat exchanger, a turbine, the recuperator, and a cold side heat exchanger;

flowing a cold side thermal storage ("CTS") medium at a first variable flow rate from a first CTS tank, through the cold side heat exchanger and in thermal contact with the working fluid, and to an intermediate CTS tank; and

flowing the CTS medium from the intermediate CTS tank, through a CTS heat exchanger, and to a second CTS tank, wherein the CTS heat exchanger is configured to remove heat from the CTS medium.

17. The method of claim 16, wherein the closed cycle system is a closed Brayton cycle system.

18. The method of claim 16, further comprising varying the first variable flow rate based on a temperature of the CTS medium.

19. The method of claim 18, further comprising flowing the CTS medium at a second variable flow rate from the second tank to the cold side heat exchanger.

20. The method of claim 19, further comprising varying the second variable flow rate based on a temperature of the CTS medium.