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1. US20090080991 - Tool

Anmerkung: Text basiert auf automatischer optischer Zeichenerkennung (OCR). Verwenden Sie bitte aus rechtlichen Gründen die PDF-Version.

[ EN ]

Claims

1. A disk-shaped or bar-shaped tool for machining, in particular for cutting profiles in a workpiece such as a crankshaft that is rotated during machining, having a plurality of tangentially and radially mounted indexable inserts, characterized in that
at least a part of the tangentially mounted indexable insert ( 21) has a cutout ( 31) that, in the tangentially mounted indexable insert ( 21), extends into a portion of a support face ( 27 and 28) and into a portion of the radially oriented face ( 23 and 24), and into which an upper rear portion of a radially mounted indexable insert ( 13) projects whose upper front section ( 32) radially projects with regard to the face ( 23).
2. The disk-shaped or bar-shaped tool in accordance with claim 1, characterized in that a width of the cutout ( 31) is no more than one-third of the width of the face ( 23 or 24) and/or no more than one-half the height of the tangentially mounted indexable insert ( 21) and/or is no more than one-half the thickness of the radially mounted indexable insert ( 13).
3. The tool in accordance with claim 1, characterized in that the tangentially mounted indexable insert ( 21) has a respective cutout ( 31) on diametrically opposite sides.
4. The tool in accordance with claim 1, characterized in that the tangentially mounted indexable insert ( 21) has two largely parallel broad faces through which a fastening bore ( 22) passes and four adjacent lateral faces, specifically two at least largely parallel transverse faces ( 23 and 24) spaced apart from one another and two longitudinal faces ( 25 and 26) on opposite sides.
5. The tool in accordance with claim 4, characterized in that the intersection between the broad faces and the longitudinal faces ( 25 and 26) and the faces ( 23 and 24) form cutting edges.
6. The tool in accordance with claim 5, characterized in that the cutting edges in the transition area from the longitudinal face to the face ( 23 and 24) are formed as rounded cutting corners.
7. The tool in accordance with claim 6, characterized in that the tangentially mounted indexable inserts ( 21) each have eight usable cutting corners ( 29).
8. The tool in accordance with claim 4, characterized in that the broad faces have two subfaces ( 27 and 28) that are slightly angled to one another, preferably the enclosed angle of inclination of the subfaces being >170°, in particular >175°, and furthermore the subface ( 27) extending toward the tool center is preferably smaller than the subface ( 28) extending toward the edge.
9. The tool in accordance with claim 1, characterized in that at least one part of the radially mounted indexable inserts ( 13) has two largely parallel broad faces ( 14 and 15) through which a fastening bore ( 16) passes and that are joined on opposite sides at least by faces ( 17) that in cross-section are at least partially convex, preferably semicylindrical and whose side edges ( 18 and 19) are embodied as cutting edges.
10. The tool in accordance with claim 9, characterized in that a base body ( 20) that has a fastening bore ( 16) and that expands to the center extends between the faces ( 17).
11. The tool in accordance with 1, characterized in that the tangentially mounted and the radially mounted indexable inserts ( 13 and 21) are mounted in a cassette.
12. The tool in accordance with 1, characterized in that all indexable inserts are made of a hard metal or a cermet body that has been produced using powder metallurgy by pressing and then sintering without intermediate mechanical processing.
13. A machining tool comprising:
a support having a longitudinally extending outer surface and a side surface;
a row of tangentially mounted indexable inserts secured to the outer surface and each formed with
oppositely directed broad faces,
a pair of longitudinal side faces bridging the broad faces,
a pair of transverse side faces-bridging the broad faces,
a cutout extending into the side face and the support face;
means for securing the tangential inserts to the support in a row with each of the tangential inserts bearing with one of the broad faces on the support outer surface, the other broad face turned away from the support, one of the longitudinal side faces extending generally parallel to and projecting transversely past the support side surface, and the cutout open toward the support outer face; and
respective radially mounted indexable inserts secured to the side face immediately adjacent each of the tangential inserts and each having an end portion seated in the respective cutout, the radial inserts projecting transversely from the cutouts of the respective tangential inserts.
14. The tool defined in claim 13 wherein each of the tangential inserts has at the respective cutout a longitudinal overall length and each of the cutouts has a longitudinal cutout length equal to at most one third the overall length.
15. The tool defined in claim 13 wherein each of the cutouts has an overall transverse depth parallel to the side face equal to at most half of an overall height of the side face.
16. The tool defined in claim 13 wherein each of the cutouts has an overall depth equal to at most half a thickness of the respective insert.
17. The tool defined in claim 13 wherein the indexable tangential insert is formed with two such side faces and two such cutouts, the indexable tangential inserts being plane symmetrical.
18. The tool defined in claim 13 wherein the means for securing is a respective hole through the tangential inserts generally centrally of the broad faces thereof.
19. The tool defined in claim 13 wherein each of the broad faces is formed of two substantially planar subfaces forming a wide acute angle of at least 170° open toward the other of the broad faces of the respective tangential insert.
20. The tool defined in claim 13 wherein the holder is a disk having a generally cylindrical outer periphery forming the longitudinal outer surface and centered on an axis and the side surface is an axially directed face of the disk.