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1. (US20160177883) Fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus
Anmerkung: Text basiert auf automatischer optischer Zeichenerkennung (OCR). Verwenden Sie bitte aus rechtlichen Gründen die PDF-Version.

Claims

1. A fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus, comprising:
a communication path that provides communication between an intake passage of an internal combustion engine and a fuel tank;
a canister that is connected to the communication path and adsorbs fuel evaporative gas in the communication path;
a canister opening and closing valve that opens and closes communication between the communication path and the canister;
a purge valve that opens and closes the communication path between the intake passage and the canister;
a sealing valve that opens and closes communication between the fuel tank and the communication path;
a leak test execution unit that executes a leak test by opening the sealing valve and closing the canister opening and closing valve, and thereafter opening the canister opening and closing valve, in a state where the purge valve is closed; and
a pressure regulation control unit that, prior to the leak test by the leak test execution unit, reduces an internal pressure of the fuel tank to a valve opening guarantee determination value that is set in advance by opening the sealing valve which is being closed while keeping the canister opening and closing valve in an open state, and thereafter closes the canister opening and closing valve.
2. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 1,
wherein the leak test execution unit measures a change in an internal pressure of the communication path after closing of the canister opening and closing valve, measures a change in an internal pressure of the canister after opening of the canister opening and closing valve, and determines presence or absence of leak in the communication path and the fuel tank from these measurement results, as the leak test.
3. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising:
a negative pressure pump that decompresses an inside of the canister,
wherein the leak test execution unit executes the leak test in parallel during warming up of the negative pressure pump.
4. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 2, further comprising:
a negative pressure pump that decompresses an inside of the canister,
wherein the leak test execution unit executes the leak test in parallel during warming up of the negative pressure pump.
5. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 1,
wherein the pressure regulation control unit closes the canister opening and closing valve at a point of time at which a limit time period that is set in advance elapses, even when the internal pressure of the fuel tank does not reduce to the valve opening guarantee determination value.
6. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 2,
wherein the pressure regulation control unit closes the canister opening and closing valve at a point of time at which a limit time period that is set in advance elapses, even when the internal pressure of the fuel tank does not reduce to the valve opening guarantee determination value.
7. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 3,
wherein the pressure regulation control unit closes the canister opening and closing valve at a point of time at which a limit time period that is set in advance elapses, even when the internal pressure of the fuel tank does not reduce to the valve opening guarantee determination value.
8. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 4,
the pressure regulation control unit closes the canister opening and closing valve at a point of time at which a limit time period that is set in advance elapses, even when the internal pressure of the fuel tank does not reduce to the valve opening guarantee determination value.
9. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 5,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the canister opening and closing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is reduced.
10. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 6,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the canister opening and closing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is reduced.
11. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 7,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the canister opening and closing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is reduced.
12. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 8,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the canister opening and closing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is reduced.
13. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 5,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the sealing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is not reduced.
14. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 6,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the sealing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is not reduced.
15. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 7,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the sealing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is not reduced.
16. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 8,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the sealing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is not reduced.
17. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 9,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the sealing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is not reduced.
18. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 10,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the sealing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is not reduced.
19. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 11,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the sealing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is not reduced.
20. The fuel evaporative gas emission control apparatus according to claim 12,
wherein the leak test execution unit opens the sealing valve and the canister opening and closing valve respectively when the canister opening and closing valve is closed based on the lapse of the limit time period by the pressure regulation control unit, thereafter measures a change in the internal pressure of the fuel tank at a time of the purge valve being opened, and determines that the sealing valve is stuck closed when the internal pressure of the fuel tank is not reduced.