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1. US20110168618 - Device for separating ferromagnetic particles from a suspension

Anmerkung: Text basiert auf automatischer optischer Zeichenerkennung (OCR). Verwenden Sie bitte aus rechtlichen Gründen die PDF-Version.

[ EN ]

Claims

1. A device for separating ferromagnetic particles from a suspension, comprising:
a tubular reactor having a length;
a particle extractor disposed adjacent one end of the tubular reactor;
a magnetic separation device including an elongated revolving feed device and a plurality of magnets moved in a continuous loop by the elongated revolving feed device;
wherein the magnetic separation device, including the revolving feed device and plurality of magnets, is arranged fully outside the tubular reactor; and
wherein the revolving feed device is configured to move the magnets in a feed direction along at least a part of the length of the tubular reactor toward the particle extractor, thereby attracting the ferromagnetic particles (a) toward the particle extractor and (b) toward locations radially outward from a central axis of the tubular reactor; and
at least one structure at or proximate the particle extractor for extracting the ferromagnetic particles from the radially outward locations.
2. The device according to claim 1, wherein the revolving feed device is a conveyor belt or a conveyor chain.
3. The device according to claim 1, wherein the revolving feed device is configured such that a path of the magnets along the at least part of the length of the tubular reactor extends obliquely with respect to the central axis of the reactor with increasing proximity to the tubular reactor in the feed direction of the revolving feed device.
4. The device according to claim 1, wherein each of the plurality of magnets has a shape adapted to an outer contour of the tubular reactor.
5. The device according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of magnets include two or more rows of magnets are provided, which lie opposite one another and further comprising a separate revolving feed device for each of the two or more rows of magnets.
6. The device according to claim 5, further comprising a common control device for controlling a feed operation so that the plurality of magnets are moved simultaneously, preserving their disposition relative to one another.
7. The device according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of magnets comprise two mutually opposite rows of magnets, and wherein each magnet of the plurality of magnets has a semicircular lateral surface shape so that two neighboring magnets combine to form a circular shape.
8. The device according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of magnets are arranged in a Halbach arrangement.
9. The device according to claim 8, wherein the plurality of magnets are arranged only on one side of the tubular reactor.
10. The device according to claim 1, wherein the particle extractor comprises a baffle, or a pump extractor.
11. A method for separating ferromagnetic particles from a suspension, comprising the steps of:
arranging a magnetic separation device adjacent and fully outside a tubular reactor having a length, the magnetic separation device including an elongated revolving feed device configured to move a plurality of magnets in a continuous loop fully outside the tubular reactor,
passing the suspension along the length of the tubular reactor toward a particle extraction end, and
operating the revolving feed device to move the magnets in a feed direction along at least a part of the length of the tubular reactor toward a particle extractor, thereby attracting the ferromagnetic particles (a) toward the particle extractor and (b) toward locations radially outward from a central axis of the tubular reactor, and
at the particle extraction end of the tubular reactor, removing the ferromagnetic particles from the radially outward locations.
12. The method according to claim 11, wherein the revolving feed device comprises a conveyor belt or a conveyor chain.
13. The method according to claim 11, wherein a path of the magnets along the at least part of the length of the tubular reactor extends obliquely with respect to the central axis of the tubular reactor with increasing proximity to the tubular reactor in the feed direction of the revolving feed device.
14. The method according to claim 11, wherein the plurality of magnets each have a shape adapted to an outer contour of the tubular reactor.
15. The method according to claim 11, wherein the plurality of magnets are disposed in two or more rows which lie opposite one another and are moved by means of separate feed devices.
16. The method according to claim 15, further comprising the step of controlling the movement of the revolving feed device so that the two or more rows of magnets move simultaneously while preserving their relative physical disposition.
17. The method according to claim 11, wherein the plurality of magnets are disposed in two mutually opposite rows, each magnet having a semicircular lateral surface shape so that two neighboring magnets combine to form a circular shape.
18. The method according to claim 11, wherein the plurality of magnets are disposed in a Halbach arrangement.
19. The method according to claim 18, wherein the plurality of magnets are disposed only on one side of the tubular reactor.
20. The method according to claim 11, wherein a baffle removes the magnetically separated particles from the rest of the suspension.