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1. (WO2019046456) METHODS AND DEVICES FOR VASCULAR ACCESS
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CLAIMS

1. A needle assembly comprising:

a housing having a projection located therein;

a first tubular member having a first hub slidably engaged with the housing;

a needle having a needle hub, the needle extending through the first tubular member, the needle hub positioned within the assembly housing, the needle hub including a stop material positioned in a fluid path of the needle hub such that fluids passing through the needle into the needle hub contacts the stop material;

a biasing element in contact with the needle hub applying a biasing force against the needle hub;

where the needle assembly comprises an unloaded configuration where the stop material and the projection are adjacent without the biasing force acting therebetween; where the first hub and needle hub are moveable relative to each other to assume a loaded configuration where the biasing force drives the needle hub proximally to force the stop material against the projection such that the stop material prevents further proximal movement of the needle hub; and

wherein when fluid in the needle hub contacts the stop material, the stop material weakens causing proximal movement of the needle hub such that a distal end of the needle retracts within the first tubular member.

2. The needle assembly of claim 1, wherein in the unloaded configuration and in the loaded configuration, the distal end of the needle extends beyond a distal end of first tubular member.

3. The needle assembly of claim 1, wherein the first tubular member comprises a dilator and further comprising a catheter positioned exterior to the dilator.

4. The needle assembly of claim 1, wherein the needle assembly is actuatable by rotation of the first hub relative to the needle hub.

5. The needle assembly of claim 1, where the first hub comprises a slotted opening and where the needle hub comprises a protruding element within the slotted opening, where in the unloaded configuration, a surface of the slotted opening prevents rearward movement of the protruding element, and upon rotation of the first hub relative to the

needle hub the slotted opening permits proximal movement of the protruding element and the needle hub.

6. The needle assembly of claim 5, where the slotted opening is angled to permit gradual proximal movement of the protruding element and the needle hub during rotation of the first hub.

7. The needle assembly of claim 1, where the first hub comprises a locking surface, such that upon rotation of the first hub, a locking arm enters the locking surface to prevent further rotation of the first hub.

8. The needle assembly of claim 1, further comprising a protective cap positioned exterior to the first tubular member and the needle.

9. The needle assembly of claim 1, where, in the unloaded configuration, the needle hub touching or is spaced from the projection.

10. The needle assembly of claim 1, where the needle hub further comprises a slider arm extending exterior to the housing, where the slider arm is moveable from an exterior of the housing such that proximal movement of the slider arm moves the needle hub proximally sufficient to force the projection through the stop material to retract the needle within the first tubular member.

11. The needle assembly of claim 1, where the housing further comprises an end cap at a proximal end, and where the projection comprising a tapered projection extending distally from the end cap.

12. The needle assembly of claim 1, where the stop material comprises a membrane positioned within a proximal end of the needle hub.

13. The needle assembly of claim 1, where the stop material comprises a plug positioned in a proximal end of the needle hub.

14. The needle assembly of claim 1, where a portion of the housing is visually transparent or visually translucent to permit visual detection of fluid entering or passing through the needle hub.

15. A medical assembly comprising:

an assembly housing having a projection located therein;

a first tubular member having a first hub coupled with the assembly housing; a needle having a needle hub, the needle extending through the first tubular member, the needle hub positioned within the assembly housing, the needle hub including a positioned in a fluid path of the needle hub such that fluids passing through the needle into the needle hub engage the stop material;

where the needle assembly is actuatable from an unloaded configuration to a loaded configuration during which a distal end of the needle extends beyond a distal end of the first tubular member, where in the unloaded configuration a mechanical stress restrains the needle assembly from moving in a proximal direction without increasing mechanical stress on the stop material wherein in the loaded configuration a biasing element moves the needle hub proximally until the stop material engages the projection increases mechanical stress on the stop material, which prevents further proximal movement of the needle hub; and

wherein as fluid from the needle hub contacts the stop material, a structural integrity of the stop material reduces eventually permitting proximal movement of the needle hub such that the distal end of the needle retracts within the first tubular member.

16. The medical assembly of claim 15, wherein in the unloaded configuration and in the loaded configuration, the distal end of the needle extends beyond a distal end of first tubular member.

17. The medical assembly of claim 15, wherein the first tubular member comprises a dilator and further comprising a catheter positioned exterior to the dilator.

18. The medical assembly of claim 15, wherein the needle assembly is actuatable by rotation of the first hub relative to the needle hub.

19. The medical assembly of claim 15, where the first hub comprises a slotted opening and where the needle hub comprises a protruding element within the slotted opening, where in the unloaded configuration, a surface of the slotted opening prevents rearward movement of the protruding element, and upon rotation of the first hub relative to the needle hub the slotted opening permits proximal movement of the protruding element and the needle hub.

20. The medical assembly of claim 19, where the slotted opening is angled to permit gradual proximal movement of the protruding element and the needle hub during rotation of the first hub.

21. The medical assembly of claim 19, where the first hub comprises a locking surface, such that upon rotation of the first hub, a locking arm enters the locking surface to prevent further rotation of the first hub.

22. The medical assembly of claim 19, further comprising a protective cap positioned exterior to the first tubular member and the needle.

23. The medical assembly of claim 19, where, in the unloaded configuration, the needle hub touching or is spaced from the projection.

24. The medical assembly of claim 19, where the needle hub further comprises a slider arm extending exterior to the housing, where the slider arm is moveable from an exterior of the housing such that proximal movement of the slider arm moves the needle hub proximally sufficient to force the projection through the stop material to retract the needle within the first tubular member.

25. The medical assembly of claim 19, where the housing further comprises an end cap at a proximal end, and where the projection comprising a tapered projection extending distally from the end cap.

26. The medical assembly of claim 19, where the stop material comprises a membrane positioned over a proximal end of the needle hub.

27. The medical assembly of claim 19, where the stop material comprises a plug positioned in a proximal end of the needle hub.

28. The medical assembly of claim 27, where a portion of the housing is visually transparent or visually translucent to permit visual detection of fluid entering or passing through the needle hub.

29. A catheter assembly for use with a male luer having a distal end and a lateral surface, the male luer having a connector portion, the catheter assembly comprising:

a catheter hub having a chamber with a proximal surface defining an open

proximal end;

a catheter tubing coupled the catheter hub and having a lumen in fluid

communication with the chamber;

a septum valve comprising:

a barrier layer at a distal end, the barrier layer having at least one slit, a wall portion extending proximally from the barrier layer, the wall portion defining a valve cavity therein,

a flange portion at a proximal end of the septum valve, the flange portion having a diameter greater than a diameter of the wall portion;

the septum valve is coupled to the catheter hub such that the flange portion engages the proximal surface of the catheter hub exterior to the chamber and the wall portion engages a surface of the chamber; and

wherein insertion of the male luer into the cavity of the septum valve causes the distal end of the male luer to open the slit, while the lateral surface of the male luer engages the wall portion within the cavity causing the wall portion to engage an interior surface of the chamber, and where the connector portion engages the flange portion against the proximal surface of the catheter hub.

30. The catheter assembly of claim 29, wherein the flange portion of the septum valve is affixed to the proximal surface of the catheter hub and where the wall portion of the septum valve contacts the interior surface of the chamber of the catheter hub.