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1. (WO2018226440) TARGETED STEERABLE TRANSCRANIAL INTERVENTION TO ACCELERATE MEMORY CONSOLIDATION
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CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A system for steerable transcranial intervention to accelerate memory

consolidation, the system comprising:

one or more processors and a memory, the memory being a non- transitory computer-readable medium having executable instructions encoded thereon, such that upon execution of the instructions, the one or more processors perform operations of:

generating a unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag to associate with memory of a task or event; and

activating at least a plurality of electrodes to apply the unique transcranial stimulation tag during an occurrence of the event or task to be consolidated.

The system as set forth in Claim 1, wherein the unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is a targeted, localized, transcranially applied pattern of electrical stimulation in a three-dimensional region of the brain using at least four electrodes during the occurrence of the event or task to be consolidated.

The system as set forth in Claim 1, wherein a unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is generated for each memory to be consolidated.

The system as set forth in Claim 1, wherein the unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag that is activated during the occurrence of the event or task to be consolidated is activated during a positive phase of a subject's slow wave oscillations during non-REM sleep.

The system as set forth in Claim 1, wherein each unique transcranial stimulation tag is generated as a function of variations of a stimulation pattern that include its three-dimensional start location, frequency, intensity, and a temporal

trajectory through a subject's brain that varies frequency, intensity, and location as a function of time.

6. The system as set forth in Claim 1, wherein a duration of the task or event to be consolidated is estimated in advance, and the generated unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is clipped if the actual task or event is shorter than estimated, or repeated if the actual task or event is longer than estimated.

7. The system as set forth in Claim 1, wherein the rate at which a trajectory of the unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is traversed through the brain can be increased by a factor of at least ten times during sleep application.

8. The system as set forth in Claim 1, wherein when activating the plurality of electrodes includes activating at least four electrodes to apply the unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag, and in doing so, the region of stimulation is varied during application of the electrical stimulation.

9. A computer program product for steerable transcranial intervention to accelerate memory consolidation, the computer program product comprising:

a non-transitory computer-readable medium having executable instructions encoded thereon, such that upon execution of the instructions by one or more processors, the one or more processors perform operations of:

generating a unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag to associate with memory of a task or event; and

activating at least a plurality of electrodes to apply the unique transcranial stimulation tag during the occurrence of the event or task to be consolidated.

10. The computer program product as set forth in Claim 9, wherein the unique

transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is a targeted, localized, transcranially applied pattern of electrical stimulation in a three-dimensional region of the brain using at least four electrodes during the occurrence of the event or task to be consolidated.

11. The computer program product as set forth in Claim 9, wherein a unique

transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is generated for each memory to be consolidated.

12. The computer program product as set forth in Claim 9, wherein the unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag that is activated during the occurrence of the event or task to be consolidated is activated during a positive phase of a subject's slow wave oscillations during non-REM sleep.

13. The computer program product as set forth in Claim 9, wherein each unique transcranial stimulation tag is generated as a function of variations of a stimulation pattern that include its three-dimensional start location, frequency, intensity, and a temporal trajectory through a subject's brain that varies frequency, intensity, and location as a function of time.

14. The computer program product as set forth in Claim 9, wherein a duration of the task or event to be consolidated is estimated in advance, and the generated unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is clipped if the actual task or event is shorter than estimated, or repeated if the actual task or event is longer than estimated.

15. The computer program product as set forth in Claim 9, wherein the rate at which a trajectory of the unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is traversed through the brain can be increased by a factor of at least ten times during sleep application.

16. The computer program product as set forth in Claim 9, wherein when activating the plurality of electrodes includes activating at least four electrodes to apply the unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag, and in doing so, the region of stimulation is varied during application of the electrical stimulation.

17. A computer implemented method for steerable transcranial intervention to

accelerate memory consolidation, the method comprising an act of:

causing one or more processers to execute instructions encoded on a non-transitory computer-readable medium, such that upon execution, the one or more processors perform operations of:

generating a unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag to associate with memory of a task or event;

activating at least a plurality of electrodes to apply the unique transcranial stimulation tag during the occurrence of the event or task to be consolidated.

18. The method as set forth in Claim 17, wherein the unique transcranial and

steerable stimulation tag is a targeted, localized, transcranially applied pattern of electrical stimulation in a three-dimensional region of the brain using at least four electrodes during the occurrence of the event or task to be consolidated.

19. The method as set forth in Claim 17, wherein a unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is generated for each memory to be consolidated.

20. The method as set forth in Claim 17, wherein the unique transcranial and

steerable stimulation tag that is activated during the occurrence of the event or task to be consolidated is activated during a positive phase of a subject's slow wave oscillations during non-REM sleep.

21. The method as set forth in Claim 17, wherein each unique transcranial stimulation tag is generated as a function of variations of a stimulation pattern that include its three-dimensional start location, frequency, intensity, and a temporal trajectory through a subject's brain that varies frequency, intensity, and location as a function of time.

22. The method as set forth in Claim 17, wherein a duration of the task or event to be consolidated is estimated in advance, and the generated unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is clipped if the actual task or event is shorter than estimated, or repeated if the actual task or event is longer than estimated.

23. The method as set forth in Claim 17, wherein the rate at which a trajectory of the unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag is traversed through the brain can be increased by a factor of at least ten times during sleep application.

24. The method as set forth in Claim 17, wherein when activating the plurality of electrodes includes activating at least four electrodes to apply the unique transcranial and steerable stimulation tag, and in doing so, the region of stimulation is varied during application of the electrical stimulation.