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1. (WO2015177326) 5-CHLORO-2-DIFLUOROMETHOXYPHENYL PYRAZOLOPYRIMIDINE COMPOUNDS WHICH ARE JAK INHIBITORS
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5-CHLORO-2-DIFLUOROMETHOXYPHENYL PYRAZOLOPYRIMIDINE COMPOUNDS WHICH ARE JAK INHIBITORS

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/002,547, filed May 23, 2014; U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/101,234, filed January 8, 2015; U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/130,098, filed March 9, 2015; and International Application No. PCT/CN2015/077176, filed April 22, 2015, each of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The field of the invention pertains to compounds of Formula (00A), and subformulas thereof, which are inhibitors of a Janus kinase, such as JAK1, as well as compositions containing these compounds, and methods of use including, but not limited to, diagnosis or treatment of patients suffering from a condition responsive to the inhibition of a JAK kinase.

BACKGROUND OF INVENTION

Cytokine pathways mediate a broad range of biological functions, including many aspects of inflammation and immunity. Janus kinases (JAK), including JAK1, JAK2, JAK3 and TYK2, are cytoplasmic protein kinases that associate with type I and type II cytokine receptors and regulate cytokine signal transduction. Cytokine engagement with cognate receptors triggers activation of receptor associated JAKs and this leads to JAK-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins and ultimately transcriptional activation of specific gene sets (Schindler et al., 2007, J. Biol. Chem. 282: 20059-63). JAK1, JAK2 and TYK2 exhibit broad patterns of gene expression, while JAK3 expression is limited to leukocytes. Cytokine receptors are typically functional as heterodimers, and as a result, more than one type of JAK kinase is usually associated with cytokine receptor complexes. The specific JAKs associated with different cytokine receptor complexes have been determined in many

cases through genetic studies and corroborated by other experimental evidence. Exemplary therapeutic benefits of the inhibition of JAK enzymes are discussed, for example, in International Application No. WO 2013/014567.

JAKl was initially identified in a screen for novel kinases (Wilks A.F., 1989, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86: 1603-1607). Genetic and biochemical studies have shown that JAKl is functionally and physically associated with the type I interferon (e.g., IFNalpha), type II interferon (e.g., IFNgamma), and IL-2 and IL-6 cytokine receptor complexes (Kisseleva et al., 2002, Gene 285: 1-24; Levy et al., 2005, Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 3:651-662; O'Shea et al., 2002, Cell, 109 (suppl.): S121-S131). JAKl knockout mice die perinatally due to defects in LIF receptor signaling (Kisseleva et al., 2002, Gene 285:1-24; O'Shea et al., 2002, Cell, 109 (suppl.): S121-S131). Characterization of tissues derived from JAKl knockout mice demonstrated critical roles for this kinase in the IFN, IL-10, IL-2/IL-4 and IL-6 pathways. A humanized monoclonal antibody targeting the IL-6 pathway (Tocihzumab) was approved by the European Commission for the treatment of moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis (Scheinecker et al., 2009, Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 8:273-274).

CD4 T cells play an important role in asthma pathogenesis through the production of TH2 cytokines within the lung, including IL-4, IL-9 and IL-13 (Cohn et al., 2004, Annu. Rev. Immunol. 22:789-815). IL-4 and IL-13 induce increased mucus production, recruitment of eosinophils to the lung, and increased production of IgE (Kasaian et al., 2008, Biochem. Pharmacol. 76(2): 147-155). IL-9 leads to mast cell activation, which exacerbates the asthma symptoms (Kearley et al., 2011, Am. J. Resp. Crit. Care Med., 183(7): 865-875). The IL-4Ra chain activates JAKl and binds to either IL-4 or IL-13 when combined with the common gamma chain or the IL-13Rocl chain respectively (Pernis et al., 2002, J. Clin. Invest. 109(10): 1279-1283). The common gamma chain can also combine with IL-9R0C to bind to IL-9, and IL-9R0C activates JAKl as well (Demoulin et al., 1996, Mol. Cell Biol. 16(9):4710-4716). While the common gamma chain activates JAK3, it has been shown that JAKl is dominant over JAK3, and inhibition of JAKl is sufficient to inactivate signaling through the common gamma chain despite JAK3 activity (Haan et al., 2011, Chem. Biol. 18(3):314-323). Inhibition of IL-4, IL-13 and IL-9 signaling by blocking the JAK/STAT signaling pathway can alleviate

asthmatic symptoms in pre-clinical lung inflammation models (Mathew et al., 2001, J. Exp. Med. 193(9): 1087-1096; Kudlacz et. al., 2008, Eur. J. Pharmacol. 582(1-3): 154-161).

Biochemical and genetic studies have shown an association between JAK2 and single-chain (e.g., EPO), IL-3 and interferon gamma cytokine receptor families (Kisseleva et al., 2002, Gene 285:1-24; Levy et al., 2005, Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 3:651-662; O'Shea et al., 2002, Cell, 109 (suppl.): S121-S131). Consistent with this, JAK2 knockout mice die of anemia (O'Shea et al., 2002, Cell, 109 (suppl.): S121-S131). Kinase activating mutations in JAK2 (e.g., JAK2 V617F) are associated with myeloproliferative disorders in humans.

JAK3 associates exclusively with the gamma common cytokine receptor chain, which is present in the IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, IL-15 and IL-21 cytokine receptor complexes. JAK3 is critical for lymphoid cell development and proliferation and mutations in JAK3 result in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) (O'Shea et al., 2002, Cell, 109 (suppl.): S121-S131). Based on its role in regulating lymphocytes, JAK3 and JAK3 -mediated pathways have been targeted for immunosuppressive indications (e.g., transplantation rejection and rheumatoid arthritis) (Baslund et al., 2005, Arthritis & Rheumatism 52:2686-2692; Changelian et al., 2003, Science 302: 875-878).

TYK2 associates with the type I interferon (e.g., IFNalpha), IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and IL-23 cytokine receptor complexes (Kisseleva et al., 2002, Gene 285:1-24; Watford, W.T. & O'Shea, J.J., 2006, Immunity 25:695-697). Consistent with this, primary cells derived from a TYK2 deficient human are defective in type I interferon, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and IL-23 signaling. A fully human monoclonal antibody targeting the shared p40 subunit of the IL-12 and IL-23 cytokines (Ustekinumab) was recently approved by the European Commission for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis (Krueger et al., 2007, N. Engl. J. Med. 356:580-92; Reich et al., 2009, Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 8:355-356). In addition, an antibody targeting the IL-12 and IL-23 pathways underwent clinical trials for treating Crohn's Disease (Mannon et al., 2004, N. Engl. J. Med. 351:2069-79).

There exists a need in the art for additional or alternative treatments of conditions mediated by JAK kinases, such as those described above.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

Provided herein are 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine compounds that inhibit one or more JAK kinases.

Accordingly, one aspect of the invention includes a compound of Formula (00A):


and stereoisomers and salts thereof, wherein: R00 is H or CI¾; R01 is H or NH2; R° is H or NH2; and Ring Q is either (i) or


wherein: t 1 and t2 are each independently 0 or 1 ; X A and X B are independently selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-C6 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, -NRaRb, C2-Cs alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10 membered heteroaryl; wherein when either of ΧΛ and XD are independently Ci-C6 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C2-Cs alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10 membered heteroaryl, each of X A and X B is independently optionally substituted by Y1, wherein Y1 is selected from:

(a) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by T1, wherein T1 is selected from the group consisting of OH, halo, CN, imino, 3-6 membered cycloalkyl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, -O-(Ci-C6 alkyl), C(0)OH, oxetan-3-ylmethyl, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -NRaRb, -N(+)RaRbRc wherein Rc is methyl, -C(0)NRaRb, -(2-oxoindolin-l-yl), -OC(0)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl, and phenyl, wherein each alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkenyl, heteroaryl, and phenyl of T1 is optionally substituted by OH, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), Ci-C6 alkyl, halo, CN, oxo, -(Q-C6 alkyl)CONRaRb, -NRaRb, phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH;

(b) 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -C(0)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)C(0)-3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, or -OC(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl; wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, Ci-C6 alkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-CF3, oxo, -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, -NRaRb, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -NRaRb;

(c) N(+)(AA)3, wherein each AA is independently Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by phenyl;

(d) 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, NRaRb, or CN;

(e) CN, halo, or oxo;

(f) -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)OH, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl, -S02-(C1-C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -(Ci-Ce alkyl) or -NRaRb, or -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH, NRaRb, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein said heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl;

(g) OH, -O-phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted by OH or -NRaRb;

(h) phenyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or CN;

(i) 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, CN, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl optinally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl;

(j) isoindolin-2-yl optionally substituted by halo;

(k) -NRaRb, and

(1) -0-CH2C(0)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl;

wherein Ra and Rb are independently selected from:

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -C(0)OH, - C(0)0-(Ci-C6alkyl), -C(0)0-(3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, - NRazRbz, -C(0)NRazRbz, oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, oxo, or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -O-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) -(Ci-C6 alkyl)3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH or CN;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(d-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

wherein Raz and Rbz are each independently selected from

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -C(0)OH, - C(0)0-(Ci-C6alkyl), -C(0)0-(3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, - oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, oxo, or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-0-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) -(Ci-C6 alkyl)3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH or CN;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(d-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

with the following provisos: when R°, R00, and R01 are each H and Ring Q is


where t1 is 0, then XA is not methyl, 2-methylpropan-2-ol, or tetrahydropyranyl; and, in some embodiments, when Ring Q is (i) and t1 is 0, then XA cannot be -NRaRb.

Further, another aspect of the invention includes a compound of Formula (00A), further defined as a compound of Formula (OA):


(OA)

and stereoisomers and salts thereof, wherein: R00 is H or C¾; R01 is H or NH2; R° is H or NH2; and Ring Q is either (i) or


wherein: t 1 and t2 are each independently 0 or 1 ; X A and X B are independently selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-C6 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, -NRaRb, C2-C5 alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10 membered heteroaryl; wherein when either of ΧΛ and XD are independently Ci-C6 alkyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and

5-10 membered heteroaryl, each of X A and X B are independently optionally substituted by Y1, wherein Y1 is selected from:

(a) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by T1, wherein T1 is selected from the group consisting of OH, halo, CN, imino, 3-6 membered cycloalkyl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), C(0)OH, oxetan-3-ylmethyl, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -NRaRb, -N(+)RaRbRc wherein Rc is methyl, -

C(0)NRaRb, -(2-oxoindolin-l-yl), -OC(0)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl, and phenyl, wherein each alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkenyl, heteroaryl, and phenyl of T1 is optionally substituted by OH, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), Ci-C6 alkyl, halo, CN, oxo, -NRaRb, phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH;

(b) 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -C(0)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)C(0)-3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, or -OC(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl; wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, Ci-C6 alkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-CF3, oxo, -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, -NRaRb, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -NRaRb;

(c) N(+)(AA)3, wherein each AA is independently Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by phenyl;

(d) 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(e) CN, halo, or oxo;

(f) -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)OH, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl, -S02-(C1-C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -NRaRb, or -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH, NRaRb, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein said heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by

C1-C6 alkyl;

(g) OH, -O-phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted by OH or -NRaRb;

(h) phenyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or CN;

(i) 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or

CN;

(j) isoindolin-2-yl optionally substituted by halo; and

(k) -NRaRb,

wherein Ra and Rb are independently selected from:

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -C(0)OH, - C(0)0-(Ci-C6alkyl), -C(0)0-(3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, - NRazRbz, -C(0)NRazRbz, oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, oxo, or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -O-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

and Rbz are each independently selected from

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -C(0)OH, - C(0)0-(Ci-C6alkyl), -C(0)0-(3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, - oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, oxo, or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -O-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) -(Ci-C6 alkyl)3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH or CN;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

with the following provisos: when R°, R00, and R01 are each H and Ring Q is


where t1 is 0, then XA is not methyl, 2-methylpropan-2-ol, or tetrahydropyranyl; and, in some embodiments, when Ring Q is (i) and t1 is 0, then XA cannot be -NRaRb.

Another aspect of the invention includes a compound of Formula (00A), further defined as a compound of Formula (A):


and stereoisomers and salts thereof, wherein: R00 is H or CH3; R01 is H or NH2; R° is H or NH2; and Ring Q is either (i) or (ii):

1 2 A B

wherein: t and t are each independently 0 or 1 ; X and X are independently selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-C6 alkyl, -NRaRb, C2-C5 alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered

A B

heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10 membered heteroaryl; wherein when either of X and X are independently Ci-C6 alkyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10

A B 1 membered heteroaryl, each of X and X are independently optionally substituted by Y , wherein Y1 is selected from:

(a) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by T1, wherein T1 is selected from the group consisting of OH, halo, CN, imino, 3-6 membered cycloalkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -NRaRb, -N(+)RaRbRc wherein Rc is methyl, -C(0)NRaRb, -(2-oxoindolin-l-yl), -OC(0)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl, and phenyl, wherein each alkyl, cycloalkyl, and phenyl of T1 is optionally substituted by OH, Ci- C6 alkyl, halo, CN, oxo, -NRaRb, phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH;

(b) 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -C(0)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)C(0)-3- 11 membered heterocycloalkyl, or -OC(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl; wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, Ci-C6 alkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-CF3, oxo, -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, -NRaRb, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)- phenyl, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -NRaRb;

(c) N(+)(AA)3, wherein each AA is independently Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by phenyl;

(d) 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(e) CN, halo, or oxo;

(f) -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH, - C(0)OH, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, -S02-(C1-C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -NRaRb,

(g) OH, -O-phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted by OH or -NRaRb;

(h) phenyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or CN;

(i) 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or CN;

(j) isoindolin-2-yl optionally substituted by halo; and

(k) -NRaRb,

wherein Ra and Rb are independently selected from:

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, naphthylenyl, - NRazRbz, -C(0)NRazRbz, oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), phenyl, 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-0-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(d-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

and Rbz are each independently selected from

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -C(0)OH, - C(0)0-(Ci-C6alkyl), -C(0)0-(3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, - oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, oxo, or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -O-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) -(Ci-C6 alkyl)3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH or CN;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(d-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

with the following provisos: when R°, R00, and R01 are each H and Ring Q is

where t1 is 0, then XA is not methyl, 2-methylpropan-2-ol, or tetrahydropyranyl; and, in some embodiments, when Ring Q is (i) and t1 is 0, then XA cannot be -NRaRb.

Also provided are pharmaceutical compositions comprising a 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine as described herein, such as a compound of Formula (00A) and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, dilient or excipient.

The present invention also provides, in some embodiments, use of a 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine compound as described herein, such as a compound of Formula (00A), in therapy, such as in the treatment of an inflammatory disease. Also provided are uses of a 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine compound as described herein, such as a compound of Formula (00A), for the preparation of a medicament for the treatment of an inflammatory disease. Also provided is a method of preventing, treating or lessening the severity of a disease or condition responsive to the inhibition of a Janus kinase activity in a patient, comprising administering to the patient a therapeutically effective amount of a 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine compound as described herein, such as a compound of Formula (00A).

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The foregoing aspects and many of the attendant advantages will become more readily appreciated as the same become better understood by reference to the following detailed description, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, where:

Figure 1 depicts a matched pair analysis of certain compounds of the present invention containing either an OMe (i) or OCHF2 (ii) group at the indicated position.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

DEFINITIONS

"Halogen" or "halo" refers to F, CI, Br or I. Additionally, terms such as "haloalkyl," are meant to include monohaloalkyl and polyhaloalkyl.

The term "alkyl" refers to a saturated linear or branched-chain monovalent hydrocarbon radical, wherein the alkyl radical may be optionally substituted. In one example, the alkyl radical is one to eighteen carbon atoms (Ci-Cis). In other examples, the alkyl radical is C0-C6, C0-C5, C0-C3, C1-C12, C1-C10, Q-Cg, Ci-C6, C1-C5, C1-C4, or C1-C3. Co alkyl refers to a bond. Examples of alkyl groups include methyl (Me, -CH3), ethyl (Et, -CH2CH3), 1 -propyl (n-Pr, n-propyl, -CH2CH2CH3), 2-propyl (i-Pr, i-propyl, -CH(CH3)2), 1 -butyl (n-Bu, n-butyl, -CH2CH2CH2CH3), 2-methyl-l -propyl (i-Bu, i-butyl, -CH2CH(CH3)2), 2-butyl (s-Bu, s-butyl, -CH(CH3)CH2CH3), 2-methyl-2-propyl (t-Bu, t-butyl, -C(CH3)3), 1-pentyl (n-pentyl, -CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3), 2-pentyl (-CH(CH3)CH2CH2CH3), 3-pentyl (-CH(CH2CH3)2), 2-methyl-2-butyl (-C(CH3)2CH2CH3), 3-methyl-2-butyl (-CH(CH3)CH(CH3)2), 3-methyl-l -butyl (-CH2CH2CH(CH3)2), 2-methyl-1 -butyl (-CH2CH(CH3)CH2CH3), 1-hexyl (-CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3), 2-hexyl (-CH(CH3)CH2CH2CH2CH3), 3-hexyl (-CH(CH2CH3)(CH2CH2CH3)), 2-methyl-2-pentyl (-C(CH3)2CH2CH2CH3), 3-methyl-2-pentyl (-CH(CH3)CH(CH3)CH2CH3), 4-methyl-2-pentyl (-CH(CH3)CH2CH(CH3)2), 3-methyl-3-pentyl (-C(CH3)(CH2CH3)2), 2-methyl-3-pentyl (-CH(CH2CH3)CH(CH3)2), 2,3-dimethyl-2-butyl (-C(CH3)2CH(CH3)2), 3,3-dimethyl-2-butyl (-CH(CH3)C(CH3)3, 1-heptyl and 1-octyl. In some embodiments, substituents for "optionally substituted alkyls" include one to four instances of F, CI, Br, I, OH, SH, CN, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, N02, N3, C(0)CH3, COOH, C02CH3, methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, butyl, isobutyl, cyclopropyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, oxo, trifluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, sulfonylamino, methanesulfonylamino, SO, S02, phenyl, piperidinyl, piperizinyl, and pyrimidinyl, wherein the alkyl, phenyl and heterocyclic portions thereof may be optionally substituted, such as by one to four instances of substituents selected from this same list.

The term "alkenyl" refers to linear or branched-chain monovalent hydrocarbon radical with at least one site of unsaturation, i.e., a carbon-carbon double bond, wherein the alkenyl radical may be optionally substituted, and includes radicals having "cis" and "trans" orientations, or alternatively, "E" and "Z" orientations. In one example, the alkenyl radical is two to eighteen carbon atoms (C2-Ci8). In other examples, the alkenyl radical is C2-C12, C2-C10, C2-C8, C2-C6 or C2-C3. Examples include, but are not limited to, ethenyl or vinyl (-CH=CH2), prop-l-enyl (-CH=CHCH3), prop-2-enyl (-CH2CH=CH2), 2-methylprop-l-enyl, but-l-enyl, but-2-enyl, but-3-enyl, buta-l,3-dienyl, 2-methylbuta-l,3-diene, hex-l-enyl, hex-2-enyl, hex-3-enyl, hex-4-enyl and hexa-l,3-dienyl. In some embodiments, substituents for "optionally substituted alkenyls" include one to four instances of F, CI, Br, I, OH, SH, CN, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, N02, N3, C(0)CH3, COOH, C02CH3, methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, butyl, isobutyl, cyclopropyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, oxo, trifluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, sulfonylamino, methanesulfonylamino, SO, S02, phenyl, piperidinyl, piperizinyl, and pyrimidinyl, wherein the alkyl, phenyl and heterocyclic portions thereof may be optionally substituted, such as by one to four instances of substituents selected from this same list.

The term "alkynyl" refers to a linear or branched monovalent hydrocarbon radical with at least one site of unsaturation, i.e., a carbon-carbon, triple bond, wherein the alkynyl radical may be optionally substituted. In one example, the alkynyl radical is two to eighteen carbon atoms (C2-C18). In other examples, the alkynyl radical is C2-C12, C2-Cio, C2-C8, C2-C6 or C2-C3. Examples include, but are not limited to, ethynyl (-C≡CH), prop-l-ynyl (-C≡CCH3), prop-2-ynyl (propargyl, -CH2C≡CH), but-l-ynyl, but-2-ynyl and but-3-ynyl. In some embodiments, substituents for "optionally substituted alkynyls" include one to four instances of F, CI, Br, I, OH, SH, CN, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, N02, N3, C(0)CH3, COOH, C02CH3, methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, butyl, isobutyl, cyclopropyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, oxo, trifluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, sulfonylamino, methanesulfonylamino, SO, S02, phenyl, piperidinyl, piperizinyl, and pyrimidinyl, wherein the alkyl, phenyl and heterocyclic portions thereof may be optionally substituted, such as by one to four instances of substituents selected from this same list.

"Alkylene" refers to a saturated, branched or straight chain hydrocarbon group having two monovalent radical centers derived by the removal of two hydrogen atoms from the same or two different carbon atoms of a parent alkane. In one example, the divalent alkylene group is one to eighteen carbon atoms (Ci-Ci8). In other examples, the divalent alkylene group is C0-C6, C0-C5, C0-C3, Ci-Ci2, Ci-Cio, Ci-C8, Ci-C6, C1-C5, Q-C4, or Ci-C3. The group Co alkylene refers to a bond. Example alkylene groups include

methylene (-CH2-), 1,1 -ethyl (-CH(CH3)-), (1,2-ethyl (-CH2CH2-), 1,1 -propyl (-CH(CH2CH3)-), 2,2-propyl (-C(CH3)2-), 1,2-propyl (-CH(CH3)CH2-), 1,3-propyl (-CH2CH2CH2-), l,l-dimethyleth-l,2-yl (-C(CH3)2CH2-), 1,4-butyl (-CH2CH2CH2CH2-), and the like.

The term "heteroalkyl" refers to a straight or branched chain monovalent hydrocarbon radical, consisting of the stated number of carbon atoms, or, if none are stated, up to 18 carbon atoms, and from one to five heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of O, N, Si and S, and wherein the nitrogen and sulfur atoms can optionally be oxidized and the nitrogen heteroatom can optionally be quaternized. In some embodiments, the heteroatom is selected from O, N and S, wherein the nitrogen and sulfur atoms can optionally be oxidized and the nitrogen heteroatom can optionally be quaternized. The heteroatom(s) can be placed at any interior position of the heteroalkyl group, including the position at which the alkyl group is attached to the remainder of the molecule (e.g., -0-CH2-CH3). Examples include -CH2-CH2-0-CH3, -CH2-CH2-NH-CH3, -CH2-CH2-N(CH3)-CH3, -CH2-S-CH2-CH3, -S(0)-CH3, -CH2-CH2-S(0)2-CH3, -Si(CH3)3 and -CH2-CH=N-OCH3. Up to two heteroatoms can be consecutive, such as, for example, -CH2-NH-OCH3 and -CH2-0-Si(CH3)3. Heteroalkyl groups can be optionally substituted. In some embodiments, substituents for "optionally substituted heteroalkyls" include one to four instances of F, CI, Br, I, OH, SH, CN, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, N02, N3, C(0)CH3, COOH, C02CH3, methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, butyl, isobutyl, cyclopropyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, oxo, trifluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, sulfonylamino, methanesulfonylamino, SO, S02, phenyl, piperidinyl, piperizinyl, and pyrimidinyl, wherein the alkyl, phenyl and heterocyclic portions thereof may be optionally substituted, such as by one to four instances of substituents selected from this same list.

"Amino" means primary (i.e., -NH2), secondary (i.e., -NRH), tertiary (i.e., -NRR) and quaternary (i.e., -N(+)RRR) amines, that are optionally substituted, in which each R is the same or different and selected from alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, and heterocyclyl, wherein the alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl and heterocyclyl groups are as defined herein. Particular secondary and tertiary amines are alkylamine, dialkylamine, arylamine, diarylamine, aralkylamine and diaralkylamine, wherein the alkyl and aryl portions can be optionally substituted. Particular secondary and tertiary amines are methylamine, ethylamine, propylamine, isopropylamine, phenylamine, benzylamine, dimethylamine, diethylamine, dipropylamine and diisopropylamine. In some embodiments, R groups of a quarternary amine are each independently optionally substituted alkyl groups.

"Aryl" refers to a carbocyclic aromatic group, whether or not fused to one or more groups, having the number of carbon atoms designated, or if no number is designated, up to 14 carbon atoms. One example includes aryl groups having 6-14 carbon atoms. Another example includes aryl groups having 6-10 carbon atoms. Examples of aryl groups include phenyl, naphthyl, biphenyl, phenanthrenyl, naphthacenyl, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalenyl, lH-indenyl, 2,3-dihydro-lH-indenyl, and the like (see, e.g., Lang's Handbook of Chemistry (Dean, J. A., ed.) 13th ed. Table 7-2 [1985]). A particular aryl is phenyl. Substituted phenyl or substituted aryl means a phenyl group or aryl group substituted with one, two, three, four or five substituents, for example, 1-2, 1-3 or 1-4 substituents, such as chosen from groups specified herein (see "optionally substituted" definition), such as F, CI, Br, I, OH, SH, CN, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, N02, N3, C(0)CH3, COOH, C02CH3, methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, butyl, isobutyl, cyclopropyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, oxo, trifluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, sulfonylamino, methanesulfonylamino, SO, S02, phenyl, piperidinyl, piperizinyl, and pyrimidinyl, wherein the alkyl, phenyl and heterocyclic portions thereof may be optionally substituted, such as by one to four instances of substituents selected from this same list. Examples of the term "substituted phenyl" include a mono- or di(halo)phenyl group such as 2-chlorophenyl, 2-bromophenyl, 4-chlorophenyl, 2,6-dichlorophenyl, 2,5-dichlorophenyl, 3,4-dichlorophenyl, 3-chlorophenyl, 3-bromophenyl, 4-bromophenyl, 3,4-dibromophenyl, 3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl, 2-fluorophenyl, 2,4-difluorophenyl and the like; a mono- or di(hydroxy)phenyl group such as 4-hydroxyphenyl, 3-hydroxyphenyl, 2,4-dihydroxyphenyl, the protected-hydroxy derivatives thereof and the like; a nitrophenyl group such as 3- or 4-nitrophenyl; a cyanophenyl group, for example, 4-cyanophenyl; a mono- or di(alkyl)phenyl group such as 4-methylphenyl, 2,4-dimethylphenyl, 2-methylphenyl, 4-(isopropyl)phenyl, 4-ethylphenyl, 3-(n-propyl)phenyl and the like; a mono or di(alkoxy)phenyl group, for example, 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl, 3-methoxy-4-benzyloxyphenyl, 3-ethoxyphenyl, 4-(isopropoxy)phenyl, 4-(t-butoxy)phenyl,

3- ethoxy-4-methoxyphenyl and the like; 3- or 4- trifluoromethylphenyl; a mono- or dicarboxyphenyl or (protected carboxy)phenyl group such 4-carboxyphenyl, a mono- or di(hydroxymethyl)phenyl or (protected hydroxymethyl)phenyl such as 3 -(protected hydroxymethyl)phenyl or 3,4-di(hydroxymethyl)phenyl; a mono- or di(aminomethyl)phenyl or (protected aminomethyl)phenyl such as 2-(aminomethyl)phenyl or 2,4-(protected aminomethyl)phenyl; or a mono- or di(N-(methylsulfonylamino))phenyl such as 3-(N-methylsulfonylamino))phenyl. Also, the term "substituted phenyl" represents disubstituted phenyl groups where the substituents are different, for example, 3-methyl-4-hydroxyphenyl, 3-chloro-4-hydroxyphenyl, 2-methoxy-4-bromophenyl, 4-ethyl-2-hydroxyphenyl, 3-hydroxy-4-nitrophenyl, 2-hydroxy- 4- chlorophenyl, 2-chloro-5-difluoromethoxy and the like, as well as trisubstituted phenyl groups where the substituents are different, for example 3-methoxy-4-benzyloxy-6-methyl sulfonylamino, 3-methoxy-4-benzyloxy-6-phenyl sulfonylamino, and tetrasubstituted phenyl groups where the substituents are different such as 3-methoxy-4-benzyloxy-5-methyl-6-phenyl sulfonylamino. In some embodiments, a substituent of an aryl, such as phenyl, comprises an amide. For example, an aryl (e.g., phenyl) substituent may be -(CH2)o-4CONR'R", wherein R' and R" each independently refer to groups including, for example, hydrogen; unsubstituted Ci_C6 alkyl; Ci_C6 alkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted Ci_C6 heteroalkyl; Ci_C6 heteroalkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted C6-Cio aryl; C6-Cio aryl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, or NR'R"; unsubstituted 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g.,

5- 6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S); and

3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S) substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; or R' and R" can be combined with the nitrogen atom to form a 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, or 7-membered ring wherein a ring atom is optionally substituted with N, O or S and wherein the ring is optionally substituted with halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R".

"Cycloalkyl" refers to a non-aromatic, saturated or partially unsaturated hydrocarbon ring group wherein the cycloalkyl group may be optionally substituted independently with one or more substituents described herein. In one example, the cycloalkyl group is 3 to 12 carbon atoms (C3-C12). In other examples, cycloalkyl is C3-Ce, C3-C10 or C5-C10. In other examples, the cycloalkyl group, as a monocycle, is C3-C8, C3-C6 or C5-C6. In another example, the cycloalkyl group, as a bicycle, is C7-C12. In another example, the cycloalkyl group, as a spiro system, is C5-C12. Examples of monocyclic cycloalkyl include cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, 1-cyclopent-l-enyl, l-cyclopent-2-enyl, l-cyclopent-3-enyl, cyclohexyl, perdeuteriocyclohexyl, 1-cyclohex-1-enyl, l-cyclohex-2-enyl, l-cyclohex-3-enyl, cyclohexadienyl, cycloheptyl, cyclooctyl, cyclononyl, cyclodecyl, cycloundecyl and cyclododecyl. Exemplary arrangements of bicyclic cycloalkyls having 7 to 12 ring atoms include, but are not limited to, [4,4], [4,5], [5,5], [5,6] or [6,6] ring systems. Exemplary bridged bicyclic cycloalkyls include, but are not limited to, bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, bicyclo[2.2.2]octane and bicyclo[3.2.2]nonane. Examples of spiro cycloalkyl include, spiro[2.2]pentane, spiro[2.3]hexane, spiro[2.4]heptane, spiro [2.5] octane and spiro[4.5]decane. In some embodiments, substituents for "optionally substituted cycloalkyls" include one to four instances of F, CI, Br, I, OH, SH, CN, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, N02, N3, C(0)CH3, COOH, C02CH3, methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, butyl, isobutyl, cyclopropyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, oxo, trifluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, sulfonylamino, methanesulfonylamino, SO, S02, phenyl, piperidinyl, piperizinyl, and pyrimidinyl, wherein the alkyl, aryl and heterocyclic portions thereof may be optionally substituted, such as by one to four instances of substituents selected from this same list. In some embodiments, a substituent of a cycloalkyl comprises an amide. For example, a cycloalkyl substituent may be -(CH2)o-4CONR'R", wherein R' and R" each independently refer to groups including, for example, hydrogen; unsubstituted Ci_C6 alkyl; Ci_C6 alkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted Ci_C6 heteroalkyl; Ci_C6 heteroalkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted C6-Cio aryl; C6-Cio aryl

substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, or NR'R"; unsubstituted 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S); and 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S) substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; or R' and R" can be combined with the nitrogen atom to form a 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, or 7-membered ring wherein a ring atom is optionally substituted with N, O or S and wherein the ring is optionally substituted with halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R".

"Guanidine" or "guanidinyl" means the group -NH-C(NH)-NHR in which R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl or heterocyclyl, wherein the alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl and heterocyclyl groups are as defined herein. A particular guanidine is the group -NH-C(NH)-NH2.

"Heterocyclic group", "heterocyclic", "heterocycle", "heterocyclyl", or "heterocyclo" are used interchangeably and refer to any mono-, bi-, tricyclic or spiro, saturated or unsaturated, aromatic (heteroaryl) or non-aromatic (e.g., heterocycloalkyl), ring system, having 3 to 20 ring atoms, where the ring atoms are carbon, and at least one atom in the ring or ring system is a heteroatom selected from nitrogen, sulfur or oxygen. If any ring atom of a cyclic system is a heteroatom, that system is a heterocycle, regardless of the point of attachment of the cyclic system to the rest of the molecule. In one example, heterocyclyl includes 3-11 ring atoms ("members") and includes monocycles, bicycles, tricycles and spiro ring systems, wherein the ring atoms are carbon, where at least one atom in the ring or ring system is a heteroatom selected from nitrogen, sulfur or oxygen. In one example, heterocyclyl includes 1 to 4 heteroatoms. In one example, heterocyclyl includes 1 to 3 heteroatoms. In another example, heterocyclyl includes 3- to 7-membered monocycles having 1-2, 1-3 or 1-4 heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, sulfur or oxygen. In another example, heterocyclyl includes 4- to 6-membered monocycles having 1-2, 1-3 or 1-4 heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, sulfur or oxygen. In another example, heterocyclyl includes 3-membered monocycles. In another example, heterocyclyl includes 4-membered monocycles. In another example, heterocyclyl includes 5-6 membered monocycles, e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl. In another example, heterocyclyl includes 3-11 membered heterocycloyalkyls, such as 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyls. In some embodiments, a heterocycloalkyl includes at least one nitrogen. In one example, the heterocyclyl group includes 0 to 3 double bonds. Any nitrogen or sulfur heteroatom may optionally be oxidized (e.g., NO, SO, S02), and any nitrogen heteroatom may optionally be quaternized (e.g., [NR4]+Cr, [NR4]+OH~). Example heterocycles are oxiranyl, aziridinyl, thiiranyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, thietanyl, 1 ,2-dithietanyl, 1,3-dithietanyl, pyrrolidinyl, dihydro-lH-pyrrolyl, dihydrofuranyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, dihydrothienyl, tetrahydrothienyl, imidazolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, isoquinolinyl, tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, 1,1-dioxo-thiomorpholinyl, dihydropyranyl, tetrahydropyranyl, hexahydrothiopyranyl, hexahydropyrimidinyl, oxazinanyl, thiazinanyl, thioxanyl, homopiperazinyl, homopiperidinyl, azepanyl, oxepanyl, thiepanyl, oxazepinyl, oxazepanyl, diazepanyl, 1,4-diazepanyl, diazepinyl, thiazepinyl, thiazepanyl, tetrahydrothiopyranyl, oxazolidinyl, thiazolidinyl, isothiazolidinyl, 1,1-dioxoisothiazolidinonyl, oxazolidinonyl, imidazolidinonyl, 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro[2H]indazolyl, tetrahydrobenzoimidazolyl, 4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[d]imidazolyl, l,6-dihydroimidazol[4,5-d]pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridinyl, thiazinyl, oxazinyl, thiadiazinyl, oxadiazinyl, dithiazinyl, dioxazinyl, oxathiazinyl, thiatriazinyl, oxatriazinyl, dithiadiazinyl, imidazolinyl, dihydropyrimidyl, tetrahydropyrimidyl, 1-pyrrolinyl, 2-pyrrolinyl, 3-pyrrolinyl, indolinyl, thiapyranyl, 2H-pyranyl, 4H-pyranyl, dioxanyl, 1,3-dioxolanyl, pyrazolinyl, pyrazolidinyl, dithianyl, dithiolanyl, pyrimidinonyl, pyrimidindionyl, pyrimidin-2,4-dionyl, piperazinonyl, piper azindionyl, pyrazolidinylimidazolinyl, 3-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexanyl, 3,6-diazabicyclo[3.1.1]heptanyl, 6-azabicyclo[3.1.1]heptanyl, 3-azabicyclo[3.1.1]heptanyl, 3-azabicyclo[4.1.0]heptanyl, azabicyclo[2.2.2]hexanyl, 2-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octanyl, 8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octanyl, 2-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octanyl, 8-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octanyl, 7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, azaspiro[3.5]nonanyl, azaspiro[2.5]octanyl, azaspiro[4.5]decanyl, l-azaspiro[4.5]decan-2-only, azaspiro[5.5]undecanyl, tetrahydroindolyl, octahydroindolyl, tetrahydroisoindolyl, tetrahydroindazolyl, 1,1-dioxohexahydrothiopyranyl. Examples of 5-membered heterocycles containing a sulfur

or oxygen atom and one to three nitrogen atoms are thiazolyl, including thiazol-2-yl and thiazol-2-yl N-oxide, thiadiazolyl, including l,3,4-thiadiazol-5-yl and l,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl, oxazolyl, for example oxazol-2-yl, and oxadiazolyl, such as l,3,4-oxadiazol-5-yl, and l,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl. Example 5-membered ring heterocycles containing 2 to 4 nitrogen atoms include imidazolyl, such as imidazol-2-yl; triazolyl, such as l,3,4-triazol-5-yl; l,2,3-triazol-5-yl, l,2,4-triazol-5-yl, and tetrazolyl, such as lH-tetrazol-5-yl. Example benzo-fused 5-membered heterocycles are benzoxazol-2-yl, benzthiazol-2-yl and benzimidazol-2-yl. Example 6-membered heterocycles contain one to three nitrogen atoms and optionally a sulfur or oxygen atom, for example pyridyl, such as pyrid-2-yl, pyrid-3-yl, and pyrid-4-yl; pyrimidyl, such as pyrimid-2-yl and pyrimid-4-yl; triazinyl, such as l,3,4-triazin-2-yl and l,3,5-triazin-4-yl; pyridazinyl, in particular pyridazin-3-yl, and pyrazinyl. The pyridine N-oxides and pyridazine N-oxides and the pyridyl, pyrimid-2-yl, pyrimid-4-yl, pyridazinyl and the l,3,4-triazin-2-yl groups, are other example heterocycle groups. Heterocycles may be optionally substituted. For example, substituents for "optionally substituted heterocycles" include one to four instances of F, CI, Br, I, OH, SH, CN, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, N02, N3, C(0)CH3, COOH, C02CH3, methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, butyl, isobutyl, cyclopropyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, oxo, trifluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, sulfonylamino, methanesulfonylamino, SO, S02, phenyl, piperidinyl, piperizinyl, and pyrimidinyl, wherein the alkyl, aryl and heterocyclic portions thereof may be optionally substituted, such as by one to four instances of substituents selected from this same list. In some embodiments, a substituent of a heterocyclic group, such as a heteroaryl or heterocycloalkyl, comprises an amide. For example, a heterocyclic (e.g., heteroaryl or heterocycloalkyl) substituent may be -(CH2)o-4CONR'R", wherein R' and R" each independently refer to groups including, for example, hydrogen; unsubstituted Ci_C6 alkyl; Ci_C6 alkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted Ci_C6 heteroalkyl; Ci_C6 heteroalkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted C6-Cio aryl; C6-Cio aryl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, or NR'R"; unsubstituted 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered

heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S); and 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S) substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; or R' and R" can be combined with the nitrogen atom to form a 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, or 7-membered ring wherein a ring atom is optionally substituted with N, O or S and wherein the ring is optionally substituted with halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R".

"Heteroaryl" refers to any mono-, bi-, or tricyclic ring system where at least one ring is a 5- or 6-membered aromatic ring containing from 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur, and in an example embodiment, at least one heteroatom is nitrogen. See, for example, Lang's Handbook of Chemistry (Dean, J. A., ed.) 13th ed. Table 7-2 [1985]. Included in the definition are any bicyclic groups where any of the above heteroaryl rings are fused to an aryl ring, wherein the aryl ring or the heteroaryl ring is joined to the remainder of the molecule. In one embodiment, heteroaryl includes 5-6 membered monocyclic aromatic groups where one or more ring atoms is nitrogen, sulfur or oxygen. Example heteroaryl groups include thienyl, furyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, triazolyl, thiadiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, tetrazolyl, thiatriazolyl, oxatriazolyl, pyridyl, pyrimidyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, triazinyl, tetrazinyl, tetrazolo[l,5-b]pyridazinyl, imidazol[l,2-a]pyrimidinyl and purinyl, as well as benzo-fused derivatives, for example benzoxazolyl, benzofuryl, benzothiazolyl, benzothiadiazolyl, benzotriazolyl, benzoimidazolyl and indolyl. Heteroaryl groups can be optionally substituted. In some embodiments, substituents for "optionally substituted heteroaryls" include one to four instances of F, CI, Br, I, OH, SH, CN, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, N02, N3, C(0)CH3, COOH, C02CH3, methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, butyl, isobutyl, cyclopropyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, trifluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, sulfonylamino, methanesulfonylamino, SO, S02, phenyl, piperidinyl, piperizinyl, and pyrimidinyl, wherein the alkyl, phenyl and heterocyclic portions thereof may be optionally substituted, such as by one to four instances of substituents selected from this same list. In some embodiments, a substituent of a heteroaryl comprises an amide. For example, a heteroaryl substituent may be -(CH2)o-4CONR'R", wherein R' and R" each

independently refer to groups including, for example, hydrogen; unsubstituted Ci_C6 alkyl; Ci_C6 alkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted Ci_C6 heteroalkyl; Ci_C6 heteroalkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted C6-Cio aryl; C6-Cio aryl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, or NR'R"; unsubstituted 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S); and 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S) substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; or R' and R" can be combined with the nitrogen atom to form a 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, or 7-membered ring wherein a ring atom is optionally substituted with N, O or S and wherein the ring is optionally substituted with halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R".

In particular embodiments, a heterocyclyl group is attached at a carbon atom of the heterocyclyl group. By way of example, carbon bonded heterocyclyl groups include bonding arrangements at position 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 of a pyridine ring, position 3, 4, 5, or 6 of a pyridazine ring, position 2, 4, 5, or 6 of a pyrimidine ring, position 2, 3, 5, or 6 of a pyrazine ring, position 2, 3, 4, or 5 of a furan, tetrahydrofuran, thiofuran, thiophene, pyrrole or tetrahydropyrrole ring, position 2, 4, or 5 of an oxazole, imidazole or thiazole ring, position 3, 4, or 5 of an isoxazole, pyrazole, or isothiazole ring, position 2 or 3 of an aziridine ring, position 2, 3, or 4 of an azetidine ring, position 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 of a quinoline ring or position 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 of an isoquinoline ring.

In certain embodiments, the heterocyclyl group is N-attached. By way of example, nitrogen bonded heterocyclyl or heteroaryl groups include bonding arrangements at position 1 of an aziridine, azetidine, pyrrole, pyrrolidine, 2-pyrroline, 3-pyrroline, imidazole, imidazolidine, 2-imidazoline, 3-imidazoline, pyrazole, pyrazoline, 2-pyrazoline, 3 -pyrazoline, piperidine, piperazine, indole, indoline, lH-indazole, position 2 of a isoindole, or isoindoline, position 4 of a morpholine, and position 9 of a carbazole, or β-carboline.

The term "alkoxy" refers to a linear or branched monovalent radical represented by the formula -OR in which R is alkyl, as defined herein. Alkoxy groups include methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, mono-, di- and tri-fluoromethoxy and cyclopropoxy.

"Acyl" means a carbonyl containing substituent represented by the formula -C(0)-R in which R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl or heterocyclyl, wherein the alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl and heterocyclyl are as defined herein. Acyl groups include alkanoyl (e.g., acetyl), aroyl (e.g., benzoyl), and heteroaroyl (e.g., pyridinoyl).

"Optionally substituted" unless otherwise specified means that a group may be unsubstituted or substituted by one or more (e.g., 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 or more, or any range derivable therein) of the substituents listed for that group in which said substituents may be the same or different. In an embodiment, an optionally substituted group has 1 substituent. In another embodiment an optionally substituted group has 2 substituents. In another embodiment an optionally substituted group has 3 substituents. In another embodiment an optionally substituted group has 4 substituents. In another embodiment an optionally substituted group has 5 substituents.

Optional substituents for alkyl radicals, alone or as part of another substituent (e.g., alkoxy), as well as alkylenyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, heteroalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, and cycloalkyl, also each alone or as part of another substituent, can be a variety of groups, such as those described herein, as well as selected from the group consisting of halogen; oxo; CN; NO; N3; -OR; perfluoro-Ci_C4 alkoxy; unsubstituted C3-C7 cycloalkyl; C3-C7 cycloalkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted C6-Cio aryl (e.g., phenyl); C6-Cio aryl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, or NR'R"; unsubstituted 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S); 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S)

substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; -NR'R"; -SR'; -SiR'R"R"'; -OC(0)R'; -C(0)R'; -C02R'; -CONR'R"; -OC(0)NR'R"; -NR"C(0)R'; -NR"'C(0)NR'R"; -NR"C(0)2R; -S(0)2R; -S(0)2NR'R"; -NR'S(0)2R"; -NR"'S(0)2NR'R"; amidinyl; guanidinyl; -(CH2)i -OR'; -(CH2)i_4-NRR"; -(CH^^-SR'; -(CH^^-SiR'R-R'"; -(CH2)1 -OC(0)R'; -(CH^^-C^R'; -(CH2)!_ 4-C02R'; and -(CH2)i_4CONR'R", or combinations thereof, in a number ranging from zero to (2m'+l), where m' is the total number of carbon atoms in such radical. R', R" and R'" each independently refer to groups including, for example, hydrogen; unsubstituted Ci_C6 alkyl; Ci_C6 alkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted Ci_C6 heteroalkyl; Ci_C6 heteroalkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted C6-Cio aryl; C6-Cio aryl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, or NR'R"; unsubstituted 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S); and 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S) substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R". When R' and R" are attached to the same nitrogen atom, they can be combined with the nitrogen atom to form a 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, or 7-membered ring wherein a ring atom is optionally substituted with N, O or S and wherein the ring is optionally substituted with halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R". For example, -NR'R" is meant to include 1 -pyrrolidinyl and 4-morpholinyl.

Similarly, optional substituents for the aryl and heteroaryl groups are varied. In some embodiments, substituents for aryl and heteroaryl groups are selected from the group consisting of halogen; CN; NO; N3; -OR'; perfluoro-Ci_C4 alkoxy; unsubstituted C3-C7 cycloalkyl; C3-C7 cycloalkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted C6-Cio aryl (e.g., phenyl); C6-Cio aryl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci- C6 alkoxy, or NR'R"; unsubstituted 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S); 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S) substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; -NR'R"; -SR'; -SiR'R"R"'; -OC(0)R'; -C(0)R'; -C02R; -CONR'R"; -OC(0)NR'R"; -NR"C(0)R'; -NR"'C(0)NR'R"; -NR"C(0)2R; -S(0)2R; -S(0)2NR'R"; -NR'S(0)2R"; -NR"'S(0)2NR'R"; amidinyl; guanidinyl; -(CH2)1.4-OR'; -(CH2)1.4-NR'R"; -(CH2)1.4-SR'; -(CH2)1.4-SiR'R"R"; -(CH2)i. 4-OC(0)R'; -(CH2)i_4-C(0)R'; -(CH2)i_4-C02R; and -(CH2)i_4CONR'R", or combinations thereof, in a number ranging from zero to (2m'+l), where m' is the total number of carbon atoms in such radical. R', R" and R'" each independently refer to groups including, for example, hydrogen; unsubstituted Ci_C6 alkyl; Ci_C6 alkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted Ci_C6 heteroalkyl; Ci_C6 heteroalkyl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R"; unsubstituted C6-Cio aryl; C6-Cio aryl substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, or NR'R"; unsubstituted 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S); and 3-11 membered heterocyclyl (e.g., 5-6 membered heteroaryl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S or 4-11 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1 to 4 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S) substituted by halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R". When R and R" are attached to the same nitrogen atom, they can be combined with the nitrogen atom to form a 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, or 7-membered ring wherein a ring atom is optionally substituted with N, O or S and wherein the ring is optionally substituted with halogen, OH, CN, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkyl, unsubstituted Ci-C6 alkoxy, oxo or NR'R". For example, -NR'R" is meant to include 1-pyrrolidinyl and 4-morpholinyl.

The term "oxo" refers to =0 or (=0)2.

As used herein a wavy line " .~w " that intersects a bond in a chemical structure indicate the point of attachment of the atom to which the wavy bond is connected in the chemical structure to the remainder of a molecule, or to the remainder of a fragment of a molecule. In some embodiments, an arrow together with an asterisk is used in the manner of a wavy line to indicate a point of attachment.

In certain embodiments, divalent groups are described generically without specific bonding configurations. It is understood that the generic description is meant to include both bonding configurations, unless specified otherwise. For example, in the group R 1 -R2 -R 3 , if the group R 2 is described as -CH2C(0)-, then it is understood that this group can be bonded both as R -CHjCCC -R3, and as R1-C(0)CH2-R3, unless specified otherwise.

The phrase "pharmaceutically acceptable" refers to molecular entities and compositions that do not produce an adverse, allergic or other untoward reaction when administered to an animal, such as, for example, a human, as appropriate.

Compounds of the present invention may be in the form of a salt, such as a pharmaceutically acceptable salt. "Pharmaceutically acceptable salts" include both acid and base addition salts. "Pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salt" refers to those salts which retain the biological effectiveness and properties of the free bases and which are not biologically or otherwise undesirable, formed with inorganic acids such as hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, carbonic acid, phosphoric acid and the like, and organic acids may be selected from aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, aromatic, araliphatic, heterocyclic, carboxylic, and sulfonic classes of organic acids such as formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, glycolic acid, gluconic acid, lactic acid, pyruvic acid, oxalic acid, malic acid, maleic acid, maloneic acid, succinic acid, fumaric acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, aspartic acid, ascorbic acid, glutamic acid, anthranilic acid, benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, mandelic acid, embonic acid, phenylacetic acid, methanesulfonic acid, ethanesulfonic acid, benzenesulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, salicyclic acid and the like.

"Pharmaceutically acceptable base addition salts" include those derived from inorganic bases such as sodium, potassium, lithium, ammonium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, manganese, aluminum salts and the like. Particular base addition salts are the ammonium, potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium salts. Salts derived from pharmaceutically acceptable organic nontoxic bases include salts of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines, substituted amines including naturally occurring substituted amines, cyclic amines and basic ion exchange resins, such as isopropylamine, trimethylamine, diethylamine, triethylamine, tripropylamine, ethanolamine, 2-diethylaminoethanol, tromethamine, dicyclohexylamine, lysine, arginine, histidine, caffeine, procaine, hydrabamine, choline, betaine, ethylenediamine, glucosamine, methylglucamine, theobromine, purines, piperizine, piperidine, N-ethylpiperidine, polyamine resins and the like. Particular organic non-toxic bases include isopropylamine, diethylamine, ethanolamine, tromethamine, dicyclohexylamine, choline, and caffeine.

In some embodiments, a salt is selected from a hydrochloride, hydrobromide, trifluoroacetate, sulphate, phosphate, acetate, fumarate, maleate, tartrate, lactate, citrate, pyruvate, succinate, oxalate, methanesulphonate, p-toluenesulphonate, bisulphate, benzenesulphonate, ethanesulphonate, malonate, xinafoate, ascorbate, oleate, nicotinate, saccharinate, adipate, formate, glycolate, palmitate, L-lactate, D-lactate, aspartate, malate, L-tartrate, D-tartrate, stearate, furoate (e.g., 2-furoate or 3-furoate), napadisylate (naphthalene- 1, 5 -disulfonate or naphthalene- 1 -(sulfonic acid)-5-sulfonate), edisylate (ethane- 1 ,2-disulfonate or ethane- 1 -(sulfonic acid)-2-sulfonate), isethionate (2-hydroxyethylsulfonate), 2-mesitylenesulphonate, 2-naphthalenesulphonate, 2,5-dichlorobenzenesulphonate, D-mandelate, L-mandelate, cinnamate, benzoate, adipate, esylate, malonate, mesitylate (2-mesitylenesulphonate), napsylate (2-naphthalenesulfonate), camsylate (camphor- 10-sulphonate, for example (lS)-(+)-10-camphorsulfonic acid salt), glutamate, glutarate, hippurate (2-(benzoylamino)acetate), orotate, xylate (p-xylene-2-sulphonate), and pamoic (2,2'-dihydroxy-l,l'-dinaphthylmethane-3,3'-dicarboxylate).

A "sterile" formulation is aseptic or free from all living microorganisms and their spores.

"Stereoisomers" refer to compounds that have identical chemical constitution, but differ with regard to the arrangement of the atoms or groups in space. Stereoisomers include diastereomers, enantiomers, conformers and the like.

"Chiral" refers to molecules which have the property of non-superimposability of the mirror image partner, while the term "achiral" refers to molecules which are superimposable on their mirror image partner.

"Diastereomer" refers to a stereoisomer with two or more centers of chirality and whose molecules are not mirror images of one another. Diastereomers have different physical properties, e.g., melting points, boiling points, spectral properties or biological activities. Mixtures of diastereomers may separate under high resolution analytical procedures such as electrophoresis and chromatography such as HPLC.

"Enantiomers" refer to two stereoisomers of a compound which are non-superimposable mirror images of one another.

Stereochemical definitions and conventions used herein generally follow S. P. Parker, Ed., McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical Terms (1984) McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York; and Eliel, E. and Wilen, S., "Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds", John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1994. Many organic compounds exist in optically active forms, i.e., they have the ability to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light. In describing an optically active compound, the prefixes D and L, or R and S, are used to denote the absolute configuration of the molecule about its chiral center(s). The prefixes d and 1 or (+) and (-) are employed to designate the sign of rotation of plane-polarized light by the compound, with (-) or 1 meaning that the compound is levorotatory. A compound prefixed with (+) or d is dextrorotatory. For a given chemical structure, these stereoisomers are identical except that they are mirror images of one another. A specific stereoisomer may also be referred to as an enantiomer, and a mixture of such isomers is often called an enantiomeric mixture. A 50:50 mixture of enantiomers is referred to as a racemic mixture or a racemate, which may occur where there has been no stereoselection or stereospecificity in a chemical reaction or process. The terms "racemic mixture" and "racemate" refer to an equimolar mixture of two enantiomeric species, devoid of optical activity.

The term "tautomer" or "tautomeric form" refers to structural isomers of different energies which are interconvertible via a low energy barrier. For example, proton tautomers (also known as prototropic tautomers) include interconversions via migration of a proton, such as keto-enol and imine-enamine isomerizations. Valence tautomers include interconversions by reorganization of some of the bonding electrons.

Certain compounds of the present invention can exist in unsolvated forms as well as solvated forms, including hydrated forms. A "solvate" refers to an association or complex of one or more solvent molecules and a compound of the present invention. Examples of solvents that form solvates include water, isopropanol, ethanol, methanol, DMSO, ethyl acetate, acetic acid, and ethanolamine. Certain compounds of the present invention can exist in multiple crystalline or amorphous forms. In general, all physical forms are intended to be within the scope of the present invention. The term "hydrate" refers to the complex where the solvent molecule is water.

A "metabolite" refers to a product produced through metabolism in the body of a specified compound or salt thereof. Such products can result, for example, from the oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis, amidation, deamidation, esterification, deesterification, enzymatic cleavage, and the like, of the administered compound.

Metabolite products typically are identified by preparing a radiolabelled (e.g., 14C or H) isotope of a compound of the invention, administering it in a detectable dose (e.g., greater than about 0.5 mg/kg) to an animal such as rat, mouse, guinea pig, monkey, or to a human, allowing sufficient time for metabolism to occur (typically about 30 seconds to 30 hours) and isolating its conversion products from the urine, blood or other biological samples. These products are easily isolated since they are labeled (others are isolated by the use of antibodies capable of binding epitopes surviving in the metabolite). The metabolite structures are determined in conventional fashion, e.g., by MS, LC/MS or NMR analysis. In general, analysis of metabolites is done in the same way as conventional drug metabolism studies well known to those skilled in the art. The metabolite products, so long as they are not otherwise found in vivo, are useful in diagnostic assays for therapeutic dosing of the compounds of the invention.

"Amino-protecting group" as used herein refers to a derivative of the groups commonly employed to block or protect an amino group while reactions are carried out on other functional groups on the compound. Examples of such protecting groups include carbamates, amides, alkyl and aryl groups, and imines, as well as many N-heteroatom derivatives which can be removed to regenerate the desired amine group.

Particular amino protecting groups are Pmb (p-Methoxybenzyl), Boc (tert-Butyloxycarbonyl), Fmoc (9-Fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl) and Cbz (Carbobenzyloxy). Further examples of these groups are found in T. W. Greene and P. G. M. Wuts,

"Protecting Groups in Organic Synthesis, 3 rd ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999. The term "protected amino" refers to an amino group substituted with one of the above amino-protecting groups.

"Carboxy-protecting group" as used herein refers to those groups that are stable to the conditions of subsequent reaction(s) at other positions of the molecule, which may be removed at the appropriate point without disrupting the remainder of the molecule, to give the unprotected carboxy-group. Examples of carboxy protecting groups include, ester groups and heterocyclyl groups. Ester derivatives of the carboxylic acid group may be employed to block or protect the carboxylic acid group while reactions are carried out on other functional groups on the compound. Examples of such ester groups include substituted arylalkyl, including substituted benzyls, such as 4-nitrobenzyl, 4-methoxybenzyl, 3,4-dimethoxybenzyl, 2,4-dimethoxybenzyl, 2,4,6-trimethoxybenzyl, 2,4,6-trimethylbenzyl, pentamethylbenzyl, 3,4-methylenedioxybenzyl, benzhydryl, 4,4'-dimethoxybenzhydryl, 2,2',4,4'-tetramethoxybenzhydryl, alkyl or substituted alkyl esters such as methyl, ethyl, t-butyl allyl or t-amyl, triphenylmethyl (trityl), 4-methoxytrityl, 4,4'-dimethoxytrityl, 4,4',4"-trimethoxytrityl, 2-phenylprop-2-yl, thioesters such as t-butyl thioester, silyl esters such as trimethylsilyl, t-butyldimethylsilyl esters, phenacyl, 2,2,2-trichloroethyl, beta-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl, beta-(di(n-butyl)methylsilyl)ethyl, p-toluenesulfonylethyl, 4-nitrobenzylsulfonylethyl, allyl, cinnamyl, 1-(trimethylsilylmethyl)prop-l-en-3-yl, and like moieties. Another example of carboxy-protecting groups are heterocyclyl groups such as 1,3-oxazolinyl. Further examples of these groups are found in T. W. Greene and P. G. M. Wuts, "Protecting Groups in

Organic Synthesis, 3 rd ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999. The term "protected carboxy" refers to a carboxy group substituted with one of the above carboxy-protecting groups.

"Hydroxy-protecting group" as used herein refers to a derivative of the hydroxy group commonly employed to block or protect the hydroxy group while reactions are carried out on other functional groups on the compound. Examples of such protecting groups include tetrahydropyranyloxy, benzoyl, acetoxy, carbamoyloxy, benzyl, and

silylethers (e.g., TBS, TBDPS) groups. Further examples of these groups are found in T.

W. Greene and P. G. M. Wuts, "Protecting Groups in Organic Synthesis, 3 rd ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999. The term "protected hydroxy" refers to a hydroxy group substituted with one of the above hydroxy-protecting groups.

A "subject," "individual," or "patient" is a vertebrate. In certain embodiments, the vertebrate is a mammal. Mammals include, but are not limited to, farm animals (such as cows), sport animals, pets (such as guinea pigs, cats, dogs, rabbits and horses), primates, mice and rats. In certain embodiments, a mammal is a human. In embodiments comprising administration of a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, to a patient, the patient is typically in need thereof.

The term "Janus kinase" refers to JAKl, JAK2, JAK3 and TYK2 protein kinases. In some embodiments, a Janus kinase may be further defined as one of JAKl, JAK2, JAK3 or TYK2. In any embodiment, any one of JAKl, JAK2, JAK3 and TYK2 may be specifically excluded as a Janus kinase. In some embodiments, a Janus kinase is JAKl. In some embodiments, a Janus kinase is a combination of JAKl and JAK2.

The terms "inhibiting" and "reducing," or any variation of these terms, includes any measurable decrease or complete inhibition to achieve a desired result. For example, there may be a decrease of about, at most about, or at least about 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40%, 45%, 50%, 55%, 60%, 65%, 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 99%, or more, or any range derivable therein, reduction of activity (e.g., JAKl activity) compared to normal.

In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, is selective for inhibition of JAKl over JAK3 and TYK2. In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, is selective for inhibition of JAKl over JAK2, JAK3, or TYK2, or any combination of JAK2, JAK3, or TYK2. In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, is selective for inhibition of JAKl and JAK2 over JAK3 and TYK2. In some

embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, is selective for inhibition of JAK1 over JAK3. By "selective for inhibition" it is meant that the compound is at least a 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40%, 45%, 50%, 55%, 60%, 65%, 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, 99%, or more, or any range derivable therein, better inhibitor of a particular Janus kinase (e.g., JAK1) activity compared to another particular Janus kinase (e.g., JAK1) activity, or is at least a 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 10-, 25-, 50-, 100-, 250-, or 500-fold better inhibitor of a particular Janus kinase (e.g., JAK1) activity compared to another particular Janus kinase (e.g., JAK1) activity.

"Therapeutically effective amount" means an amount of a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, that (i) treats or prevents the particular disease, condition or disorder, or (ii) attenuates, ameliorates or eliminates one or more symptoms of the particular disease, condition, or disorder, and optionally (iii) prevents or delays the onset of one or more symptoms of the particular disease, condition or disorder described herein. In some embodiments, the therapeutically effective amount is an amount sufficient to decrease or alleviate the symptoms of an autoimmune or inflammatory disease (e.g., asthma). In some embodiments, a therapeutically effective amount is an amount of a chemical entity described herein sufficient to significantly decrease the activity or number of B-cells. In the case of cancer, the therapeutically effective amount of the drug may reduce the number of cancer cells; reduce the tumor size; inhibit (i.e., slow to some extent and preferably stop) cancer cell infiltration into peripheral organs; inhibit (i.e., slow to some extent and preferably stop) tumor metastasis; inhibit, to some extent, tumor growth; or relieve to some extent one or more of the symptoms associated with the cancer. To the extent the drug may prevent growth or kill existing cancer cells, it may be cytostatic or cytotoxic. For cancer therapy, efficacy can, for example, be measured by assessing the time to disease progression (TTP) or determining the response rate (RR).

"Treatment" (and variations such as "treat" or "treating") refers to clinical intervention in an attempt to alter the natural course of the individual or cell being treated, and can be performed either for prophylaxis or during the course of clinical

pathology. Desirable effects of treatment include preventing occurrence or recurrence of disease, alleviation of symptoms, diminishment of any direct or indirect pathological consequences of the disease, stabilized (i.e., not worsening) state of disease, decreasing the rate of disease progression, amelioration or palliation of the disease state, prolonging survival as compared to expected survival if not receiving treatment and remission or improved prognosis. In some embodiments, compounds of the invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, are used to delay development of a disease or disorder or to slow the progression of a disease or disorder. Those in need of treatment include those already with the condition or disorder as well as those prone to have the condition or disorder, (for example, through a genetic mutation) or those in which the condition or disorder is to be prevented.

"Inflammatory disorder" refers to any disease, disorder or syndrome in which an excessive or unregulated inflammatory response leads to excessive inflammatory symptoms, host tissue damage, or loss of tissue function. "Inflammatory disorder" also refers to a pathological state mediated by influx of leukocytes or neutrophil chemotaxis.

"Inflammation" refers to a localized, protective response elicited by injury or destruction of tissues, which serves to destroy, dilute, or wall off (sequester) both the injurious agent and the injured tissue. Inflammation is notably associated with influx of leukocytes or neutrophil chemotaxis. Inflammation can result from infection with pathogenic organisms and viruses and from noninfectious means such as trauma or reperfusion following myocardial infarction or stroke, immune responses to foreign antigens, and autoimmune responses. Accordingly, inflammatory disorders amenable to treatment with a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, encompass disorders associated with reactions of the specific defense system as well as with reactions of the nonspecific defense system.

"Specific defense system" refers to the component of the immune system that reacts to the presence of specific antigens. Examples of inflammation resulting from a response of the specific defense system include the classical response to foreign antigens, autoimmune diseases, and delayed type hypersensitivity responses mediated by T-cells. Chronic inflammatory diseases, the rejection of solid transplanted tissue and organs, e.g., kidney and bone marrow transplants, and graft versus host disease (GVHD), are further examples of inflammatory reactions of the specific defense system.

The term "nonspecific defense system" refers to inflammatory disorders that are mediated by leukocytes that are incapable of immunological memory (e.g., granulocytes, and macrophages). Examples of inflammation that result, at least in part, from a reaction of the nonspecific defense system include inflammation associated with conditions such as adult (acute) respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or multiple organ injury syndromes; reperfusion injury; acute glomerulonephritis; reactive arthritis; dermatoses with acute inflammatory components; acute purulent meningitis or other central nervous system inflammatory disorders such as stroke; thermal injury; inflammatory bowel disease; granulocyte transfusion associated syndromes; and cytokine-induced toxicity.

"Autoimmune disease" refers to any group of disorders in which tissue injury is associated with humoral or cell-mediated responses to the body's own constituents. Non-limiting examples of autoimmune diseases include rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and multiple sclerosis.

"Allergic disease" as used herein refers to any symptoms, tissue damage, or loss of tissue function resulting from allergy. "Arthritic disease" as used herein refers to any disease that is characterized by inflammatory lesions of the joints attributable to a variety of etiologies. "Dermatitis" as used herein refers to any of a large family of diseases of the skin that are characterized by inflammation of the skin attributable to a variety of etiologies. "Transplant rejection" as used herein refers to any immune reaction directed against grafted tissue, such as organs or cells (e.g., bone marrow), characterized by a loss of function of the grafted and surrounding tissues, pain, swelling, leukocytosis, and thrombocytopenia. The therapeutic methods of the present invention include methods for the treatment of disorders associated with inflammatory cell activation.

"Inflammatory cell activation" refers to the induction by a stimulus (including, but not limited to, cytokines, antigens or auto-antibodies) of a proliferative cellular response, the production of soluble mediators (including but not limited to cytokines, oxygen radicals, enzymes, prostanoids, or vasoactive amines), or cell surface expression of new or increased numbers of mediators (including, but not limited to, major histocompatability antigens or cell adhesion molecules) in inflammatory cells (including but not limited to monocytes, macrophages, T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, granulocytes (i.e., polymorphonuclear leukocytes such as neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils), mast cells, dendritic cells, Langerhans cells, and endothelial cells). It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that the activation of one or a combination of these phenotypes in these cells can contribute to the initiation, perpetuation, or exacerbation of an inflammatory disorder.

In some embodiments, inflammatory disorders which can be treated according to the methods of this invention include, but are not limited to, asthma, rhinitis (e.g., allergic rhinitis), allergic airway syndrome, atopic dermatitis, bronchitis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, contact dermatitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and delayed hypersensitivity reactions.

The terms "cancer" and "cancerous", "neoplasm", and "tumor" and related terms refer to or describe the physiological condition in mammals that is typically characterized by unregulated cell growth. A "tumor" comprises one or more cancerous cells. Examples of cancer include carcinoma, blastoma, sarcoma, seminoma, glioblastoma, melanoma, leukemia, and myeloid or lymphoid malignancies. More particular examples of such cancers include squamous cell cancer (e.g., epithelial squamous cell cancer) and lung cancer including small-cell lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer ("NSCLC"), adenocarcinoma of the lung and squamous carcinoma of the lung. Other cancers include skin, keratoacanthoma, follicular carcinoma, hairy cell leukemia, buccal cavity, pharynx (oral), lip, tongue, mouth, salivary gland, esophageal, larynx, hepatocellular, gastric, stomach, gastrointestinal, small intestine, large intestine, pancreatic, cervical, ovarian, liver, bladder, hepatoma, breast, colon, rectal, colorectal, genitourinary, biliary passage, thyroid, papillary, hepatic, endometrial, uterine, salivary gland, kidney or renal, prostate, testis, vulval, peritoneum, anal, penile, bone, multiple myeloma, B-cell lymphoma, central nervous system, brain, head and neck, Hodgkin's, and associated metastases. Examples of neoplastic disorders include myeloproliferative disorders, such as polycythemia vera, essential thrombocytosis, myelofibrosis, such as primary myelofibrosis, and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).

A "chemotherapeutic agent" is an agent useful in the treatment of a given disorder, for example, cancer or inflammatory disorders. Examples of chemotherapeutic agents are well-known in the art and include examples such as those disclosed in U.S. Publ. Appl. No. 2010/0048557, incorporated herein by reference. Additionally, chemotherapeutic agents include pharmaceutically acceptable salts, acids or derivatives of any of chemotherapeutic agents, as well as combinations of two or more of them.

"Package insert" is used to refer to instructions customarily included in commercial packages of therapeutic products that contain information about the indications, usage, dosage, administration, contraindications or warnings concerning the use of such therapeutic products.

The terms "compound(s) of this invention," and "compound(s) of the present invention" and the like, unless otherwise indicated, include compounds of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, and stereoisomers (including atropisomers), geometric isomers, tautomers, solvates, metabolites, isotopes, salts (e.g., pharmaceutically acceptable salts), and prodrugs thereof. In some embodiments, solvates, metabolites, isotopes or prodrugs are excluded, or any combination thereof.

Unless otherwise stated, structures depicted herein are also meant to include compounds that differ only in the presence of one or more isotopically enriched atoms. Exemplary isotopes that can be incorporated into compounds of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, include isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur, fluorine, chlorine, and iodine, such as 2H, 3H, nC, 13C, 14C, 13N, 15N, 150, 170, 180, 32P, 33P, 35S, 18F, 36C1,

123 I, and 125 I, respectively. Isotopically-labeled compounds (e.g., those labeled with 3 H and 14C) can be useful in compound or substrate tissue distribution assays. Tritiated (i.e., 3H) and carbon-14 (i.e., 14C) isotopes can be useful for their ease of preparation and detectability. Further, substitution with heavier isotopes such as deuterium (i.e., H) may afford certain therapeutic advantages resulting from greater metabolic stability (e.g., increased in vivo half-life or reduced dosage requirements). In some embodiments, in compounds of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, one or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by 2 H or 3 H, or one or more carbon atoms are replaced by 13C- or 14C -enriched carbon. Positron emitting isotopes such as 150, 13N, nC, and 18F are useful for positron emission tomography (PET) studies to examine substrate receptor occupancy. Isotopically labeled compounds can generally be prepared by following procedures analogous to those disclosed in the Schemes or in the Examples herein, by substituting an isotopically labeled reagent for a non-isotopically labeled reagent.

It is specifically contemplated that any limitation discussed with respect to one embodiment of the invention may apply to any other embodiment of the invention. Furthermore, any compound or composition of the invention may be used in any method of the invention, and any method of the invention may be used to produce or to utilize any compound or composition of the invention.

The use of the term "or" is used to mean "and/or" unless explicitly indicated to refer to alternatives only or the alternative are mutually exclusive, although the disclosure supports a definition that refers to only alternatives and "and/or."

Throughout this application, the term "about" is used to indicate that a value includes the standard deviation of error for the device or method being employed to determine the value.

As used herein, "a" or "an" means one or more, unless clearly indicated otherwise. As used herein, "another" means at least a second or more.

Headings used herein are intended only for organizational purposes.

INHIBITORS OF JANUS KINASES

Accordingly, one aspect of the invention includes a compound of Formula (00A):


(00A)

and stereoisomers and salts thereof, wherein: R is H or CH3; R is H or NH2; R is H or NH2; and Ring Q is either (i) or


wherein: t 1 and t2 are each independently 0 or 1 ; X A and X B are independently selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-C6 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, -NRaRb, C2-C5 alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10 membered heteroaryl; wherein when either of

Χ AΛ and X BD are independently Ci-C6 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10 membered heteroaryl, each of X A and X B is independently optionally substituted by Y1, wherein Y1 is selected from:

(a) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by T1, wherein T1 is selected from the group consisting of OH, halo, CN, imino, 3-6 membered cycloalkyl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, - 0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), C(0)OH, oxetan-3-ylmethyl, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -NRaRb, -N(+)RaRbRc wherein Rc is methyl, - C(0)NRaRb, -(2-oxoindolin-l-yl), -OC(0)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl, and phenyl, wherein each alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkenyl, heteroaryl, and phenyl of T1 is optionally substituted by OH, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), Ci-C6 alkyl, halo, CN, oxo, -(Ci-C6 alkyl)CONRaRb, -NRaRb, phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH;

(b) 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -C(0)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)C(0)-3- 11 membered heterocycloalkyl, or -OC(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl; wherein

the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, Ci-C6 alkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-CF3, oxo, -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, -NRaRb, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -NRaRb;

(c) N(+)(AA)3, wherein each AA is independently Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by phenyl;

(d) 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, NRaRb, or CN;

(e) CN, halo, or oxo;

(f) -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)OH, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl, -S02-(C1-C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -(Ci-Ce alkyl) or -NRaRb, or -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH, NRaRb, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein said heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl;

(g) OH, -O-phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted by OH or -NRaRb;

(h) phenyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or CN;

(i) 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, CN, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl optinally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl;

(j) isoindolin-2-yl optionally substituted by halo;

(k) -NRaRb, and

(1) -0-CH2C(0)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl;

wherein Ra and Rb are independently selected from:

(p) H,

(a) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -C(0)OH, - C(0)0-(Ci-C6alkyl), -C(0)0-(3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, - NRazRbz, -C(0)NRazRbz, oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo;

(b) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, oxo, or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -O-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkyl)3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH or CN;

(g) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(h) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(i) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(j) phenyl,

(k) -C(0)(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(1) -C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(n) -C(0)-phenyl,

and Rbz are each independently selected from

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -C(0)OH, - C(0)0-(Ci-C6alkyl), -C(0)0-(3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, - oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, oxo, or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -O-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) -(Ci-C6 alkyl)3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH or CN;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

with the following provisos: when R°, R00, and R01 are each H and Ring Q is


where t1 is 0, then XA is not methyl, 2-methylpropan-2-ol, or tetrahydropyranyl; and, in some embodiments, when Ring Q is (i) and t1 is 0, then cannot be -NRaRb.

Further, another aspect of the invention includes a compound of Formula (00A), further defined as a compound of Formula (OA):


(OA)

and stereoisomers and salts thereof, wherein: R00 is H or CH3; R01 is H or NH2; R° is H or NH2; and Ring Q is either (i) or (ii):


wherein: t 1 and t2 are each independently 0 or 1 ; X A and X B are independently selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-C6 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, -NRaRb, C2-C5 alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10 membered heteroaryl; wherein when either of ΧΛ and XD are independently Ci-C6 alkyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and

5-10 membered heteroaryl, each of X A and X B are independently optionally substituted by Y1, wherein Y1 is selected from:

(a) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by T1, wherein T1 is selected from the group consisting of OH, halo, CN, imino, 3-6 membered cycloalkyl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, -O- (Ci-C6 alkyl), C(0)OH, oxetan-3-ylmethyl, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), - S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -NRaRb, -N(+)RaRbRc wherein Rc is methyl, -C(0)NRaRb, -(2- oxoindolin-l-yl), -OC(0)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl, and phenyl, wherein each alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkenyl, heteroaryl, and phenyl of T1 is optionally substituted by OH, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), Ci-C6 alkyl, halo, CN, oxo, - NRaRb, phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH;

(b) 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -C(0)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)C(0)-3- 11 membered heterocycloalkyl, or -OC(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl; wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, Ci-C6 alkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-CF3, oxo, -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, -NRaRb, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)- phenyl, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -NRaRb;

(c) N(+)(AA)3, wherein each AA is independently Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by phenyl;

(d) 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(e) CN, halo, or oxo;

(f) -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)OH, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl, -S02-(C1-C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -NRaRb, or -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH, NRaRb, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein said heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl;

(g) OH, -O-phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted by OH or -NRaRb;

(h) phenyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or CN;

(i) 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or CN;

(j) isoindolin-2-yl optionally substituted by halo; and

(k) -NRaRb,

wherein Ra and Rb are independently selected from:

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -C(0)OH, - C(0)0-(Ci-C6alkyl), -C(0)0-(3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, - NRazRbz, -C(0)NRazRbz, oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, oxo, or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -O-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(d-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

and R bz are each independently selected from

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -C(0)OH, - C(0)0-(Ci-C6alkyl), -C(0)0-(3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, - oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, oxo, or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -O-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) -(Ci-C6 alkyl)3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH or CN;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

with the following provisos: when R°, R00, and R01 are each H and Ring Q is

where t1 is 0, then XA is not methyl, 2-methylpropan-2-ol, or tetrahydropyranyl; and, in some embodiments, when Ring Q is (i) and t 1 is 0, then X P cannot be -NRaRb.

s of any formula herein, when Ring Q is


and t1 is 0, the pyrazole is not N-linked to a nitrogen of XA.

Another aspect of the invention provides compounds of Formula (00A), further defined as a compound of Formula (A):


and stereoisomers and salts thereof, wherein:

R00 is H or CH3;

R01 is H or NH2;

R° is H or NH2; and

Ring Q is either (i) or (ii)

wherein:

1 2

t and t are each independently 0 or 1 ;

A B

ΧΛ and XD are independently selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-C6 alkyl, -NRaRb, C2-C5 alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10 membered heteroaryl;

wherein when either of X and X are independently Ci-C6 alkyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, 5-6

A B

membered heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10 membered heteroaryl, each of X and X are independently optionally substituted by Y1, wherein Y1 is selected from:

(a) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by T1, wherein T1 is selected from the group consisting of OH, halo, CN, imino, 3-6 membered cycloalkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S02-(C1-C6 alkyl), -NRaRb, -N(+)RaRbRc wherein Rc is methyl, -C(0)NRaRb, -(2- oxoindolin-l-yl), -OC(0)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl, and phenyl,

wherein each alkyl, cycloalkyl, and phenyl of T1 is optionally substituted by OH, Ci-C6 alkyl, halo, CN, oxo, -NRaRb, phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH;

(b) 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -C(0)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)C(0)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, or -OC(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl;

wherein heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, Ci-C6 alkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-CF3, oxo, -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl),

-C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, -S02-(Ci- C6 alkyl), -C(0)NRaRb, -NRaRb, -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, or -

C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by - NRaRb;

(c) N(+)(AA)3, wherein each AA is independently Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by phenyl;

(d) 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(e) CN, halo, or oxo;

(f) -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) optionally substituted by OH, -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl, -S02-(C1-C6 alkyl), - C(0)NRaRb, or -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -NRaRb,

(g) OH, -O-phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted by OH or -NRaRb;

(h) phenyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or CN;

(i) 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by OH, halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or CN;

(j) isoindolin-2-yl optionally substituted by halo; and

(k) -NRaRb,

wherein Ra and Rb are independently selected from:

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, naphthylenyl, - NRazRbz, -C(0)NRazRbz, oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), phenyl, 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo or Ci-C6 alkyl;

(f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-0-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(d-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

and Rbz are each independently selected from

(a) H,

(b) Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -C(0)OH, - C(0)0-(Ci-C6alkyl), -C(0)0-(3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl), - C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, - oxo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-6 membered heteroaryl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl or halo, or benzo[l,3]dioxol-2-yl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo;

(c) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the alkylene is optionally substituted by OH, halo, or CN;

(d) -(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein alkylene is optionally substituted by halo and the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(e) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, oxo, or Ci-C6 alkyl; (f) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-0-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo, Ci-C6 alkyl, or -O-phenyl;

(g) -(Ci-C6 alkyl)3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH or CN;

(h) C2-C5 alkenyl;

(i) 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo,

(j) -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl substituted by hydroxymethyl,

(k) phenyl,

(1) -C(0)(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(m)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl),

(n) -C(0)0(3-6 membered cycloalkyl), and

(o) -C(0)-phenyl,

with the following provisos:

1 are each H and Ring Q is


where t1 is 0,

then XA is not methyl, 2-methylpropan-2-ol, or tetrahydropyranyl; and, in some embodiments, when Ring Q is (i) and t1 is 0, then XA cannot be -NRaRb.

In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA) or (A) is further defined as a compound of Formula (II):

w is 0 or 1 ;

R0b is H or NH2;

Rlb is selected from the group consisting of

a. H,

b. Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), naphthylenyl, 5-6 membered heteroaryl, or -C(0)NRyRw, wherein Ry and Rw are independently H or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by halo, c. -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the cycloalkyl is optionally substituted by CN,

d. -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted by halo and wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by OH, halo, CF3, Ci-C6 alkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl) or -O-phenyl,

e. -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo or Ci-C6 alkyl, f. -(Ci-C6 alkyl ene)-0-phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo or Ci-C6 alkyl, or

g. 3-6 membered cycloalkyl;

R2b is selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by halo, or C2-C5 alkenyl;

or Rlb and R2b together form a 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH;

R is absent or methyl, wherein when R is methyl, the nitrogen to which it is attached is N+ and w is 1 ;

R4b is a bond or Ci-C6 alkylene;

R5b is selected from the group consisting of H, OH, and phenyl; and

Ring F is a 3-7 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein plb is 0, 1 or 2 and p2b is 0, 1 or 2;

wherein w is equal to 1 only when R3b is methyl.

In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA) or (A) is further defined as a compound of Formula la) or Formula (lb):


wherein:

R0a is H or NH2;

Rla is bound to a nitrogen atom of Ring A in (la) or is bound to a carbon atom of Ring B in (lb), and is selected from the group consisting of:

a. H,

b. Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S02- (Ci-C6 alkyl), -(2-oxoindolin-l-yl), -OC(0)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl, - OC(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl, or phenyl;

c. -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-0-(Ci-C6 alkylene) -phenyl wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by halo;

d. -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the cycloalkyl is optionally substituted by halo, OH, or CN;

e. -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl, wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by oxo, Ci-C6 alkyl, -C(0)-(Ci- C6 alkyl), -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -S02-(C1-C6 alkyl), -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl, or -C(0)N(Ci-C6 alkyl)(Ci-C6 alkyl);

f. 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl, wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by oxo, Ci-C6 alkyl, -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)0- (Ci-C6 alkyl), -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl, or -C(0)N(Ci-C6 alkyl)(Ci-C6 alkyl);

g. -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-OH; and

h. -C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl;

i. -NRaRb, wherein Ra and Rb are independently selected from the group consisting of H and Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, - C(0)OH, phenyl, and 3-7 membered heterocycloalkyl;

R2a is selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, and phenyl;

R3a is selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, and phenyl;

Ring A is a 3-7 membered heterocycloalkyl; and

Ring B is a 3-7 membered heterocycloalkyl or a 3-7 membered heterocyclyalkenyl, wherein pla is 0, 1 or 2 and p2a is 0, 1 or 2,

provided that Ring A and Ring B together form a 6-11 membered bicyclic heterocycloalkyl.

In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA) or (A) is further defined as a compound of Formula (III):

wherein:

Ruc is H or NH2;

R3 is (i) or (ii):

(i)

R2c R

wherein:

Rlc is selected from the group consisting of H, Ci-C6 alkyl, -(Ci-C6 alkyl)- phenyl, -C(0)-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -C(0)-phenyl, and 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl;

R2c is H or Ci-C6 alkyl; and

R3c is a bond or Ci-C6 alkylene optionally substituted by oxo; or

Rlc and R2c together form a 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl, oxo, or -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl; or

Rlc and R3c together form a 3-7 membered heterocycloalkyl; (ii) H; Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl), phenyl, or -0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl; -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-C(0)0(Ci-C6 alkyl); or 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by -C(0)(Ci-C6 alkyl); and

Ring G is a 3-7 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein plc is 0, 1 or 2 and p2c is 0, 1 or 2.

In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA) or (A) is further defined as a compound of Formula (IV):

I


(IV)

wherein:

Rua is H or NH2;

Rld is 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl or -C(0)-3-l l membered heterocycloalkyl, wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted Ci-C6 alkyl, CF3, or fluoro, or Rld is -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-NRvRw, wherein Ry and Rw are independently H or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by halo.

In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA) or (A) is further defined as a compound of Formula (V):


wherein:

Rue is H or NH2;

Rle is selected from the group consisting of

a. H,

Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by halo, CN, or phenyl,

-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the cycloalkyl optionally substituted by CN,

d. -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl;

R2e is H or Ci-C6 alkyl;

or Rle and R2e together form a 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo or -NRVRW, wherein Rv and Rw are independently H or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by halo;

R3e is a bond or Ci-C6 alkylene optionally substituted by oxo; and

Ring H is a 3-7 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein ple is 0, 1 or 2 and p2e is 0, 1 or 2.

In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA) or (A) is further defined as a compound of Formula (VI):


wherein:

Rut is H or NH2;

R If is selected from the group consisting of Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by halo, -C(0)OH, oxetan-3-ylmethyl, 3-6 membered cycloalkyl, 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl, -S-(Ci-C6 alkyl), 5-10 membered heteroaryl or phenyl, or 3-11 membered heterocycloalkenyl optionally substituted by oxo; and

Ring J is a 6-7 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein p If is 1 or 2 and p 2f is 1 or 2. In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA) or (A) is further defined as a compound of Formula (VII):


wherein:

R0 is H or NH2;

Rl is selected from the group consisting of Ci-C6 alkyl;

R2 is selected from the group consisting of Ci-C6 alkyl.

In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA) or (A) is further defined as a compound


wherein:

Run is H or NH2;

Rlh is selected from the group consisting of H and Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by CN, 3-6 membered cycloalkyl, or 4-6 membered heterocycloalkylene-C(0)0-(Ci-C6 alkylene)-phenyl;

Ring C is 3-7 membered cycloalkyl or 3-7 membered heterocycloalkyl; and Ring D is a 3-7 membered heterocycloalkyl substituted at the sole nitrogen by Rlh; and

provided Rings C and D together form a 3-11 membered spiro heterocycloalkyl. In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA) or (A) is further defined as a compound of Formula (IX):


wherein:

RUJ is H or NH2;

R3^ is selected from the group consisting of H and Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH, 3-6 membered cycloalkyl, -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl), -0-(Ci-C6 alkyl)-OH, -S02-(Ci-C6 alkyl) and phenyl, wherein the phenyl is optionally substituted by CN;

R4^ is selected from the group consisting of H and Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH;

or R3^ and R4^ together form a 4-6-membered heterocycloalkyl;

R5^ is selected from the group consisting of H and Ci-C6 alkyl; and

Ring K is a 6-7 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein p^ is 1 or 2 and p2^ is 1 or 2.

In some embodiments, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA) or (A) is further defined as a compound of Formula (X):


wherein:

R is H or NH2;

Rlk is selected from the group consisting

a. H,

b. Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by halo, CN, or phenyl,

c. -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-3-6 membered cycloalkyl wherein the cycloalkyl is optionally substituted by CN,

d. -(Ci-C6 alkylene)-4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the heterocycloalkyl is optionally substituted by Ci-C6 alkyl;

R2k is selected from the group consisting of H and Ci-C6 alkyl;

or Rlk and R2k together form a 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by halo; Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH; or -NRVRW, wherein Rv and Rw are independently H or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by halo; and

R3k is a bond, methylene, or -C(=0)-.

In some embodiments, X and X are independently selected from the group consisting of 3-6-membered cycloalkyl, 6-10 membered aryl, 5-6 membered heterocycloalkenyl, and 5-10 membered heteroaryl, wherein each of X and X are independently optionally substituted by Y1.

In some embodiments, either X A or X B is a 3-11 membered heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted by Y1.

In some embodiments, Ring Q is (i). In some embodiments Ring Q is (ii).

In some embodiments, t1 is 0. In some embodiments, t1 is 1.

In some embodiments, R°, R00 and R01 are each H.

In some embodiments, R° is NH2.

In some embodiments, Ring Q is (i), t1 is 0 or 1, and R°, R00 and R01 are each H.

In some embodiments, Ring Q is (ii), t2 is 0 or 1, and R°, R00 and R01 are each H.

In some embodiments, Ring Q is (i), t1 is 1, and XA is NRaRb, wherein Ra and Rb are each independently H, Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted with 5-6 membered heteroaryl, or 3-6 membered cycloalkyl optionally substituted by OH, halo, CN, or Ci-C6 alkyl optionally substituted by OH.

In some embodiments, Ring Q is (i), t1 is 0, and XA is Ci-C6 alkyl or 3-6 membered cycloalkyl, wherein XA is optionally substituted by -NRaRb, wherein Ra and Rb are independently H or Ci-C6 alkyl.

In some embodiments, a compound is selected from Table 1 or of Examples 1-

Also provided is a pharmaceutical composition comprising a 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine compound as described herein, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA) or (A), or a subformula thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, diluent or excipient.

Use of a 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine compound as described herein, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA) or (A), or a subformula thereof, in therapy is also provided.

Use of a 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine compound as described herein, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA) or (A), or a subformula thereof, in the treatment of an inflammatory disease, such as asthma, is also provided.

Use of a 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine compound as described herein, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA) or (A), or a subformula thereof, for the preparation of a medicament for the treatment of an inflammatory disease, such as asthma, is also provided.

Also provided is a 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine compound as described herein, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA) or (A), or a subformula thereof, for use in the treatment of an inflammatory disease, such as asthma.

Also provided is a method of preventing, treating or lessening the severity of a disease or condition responsive to the inhibition of a Janus kinase activity in a patient, comprising administering to the patient a therapeutically effective amount of a 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine compound as described herein, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA) or (A), or a subformula thereof. In some embodiments, the disease or condition is asthma. In some embodiments, the Janus kinase is JAK1. In some embodiments, a compound is administered via inhalation.

In some embodiments, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA) or (A), R00 is

H or CH3; R01 is H or NH2; R° is H or NH2; and Ring Q is either (i) or (ii):

wherein t 1 and t2 are each independently 0 or 1, and X A and X B are each independently selected from the group consisting of:

71

73

74 In some embodiments, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA) or (A), R is H or CH3; R01 is H or NH2; R° is H or NH2; and Ring Q is either (i) or (ii):

79

81

84

In any embodiment herein, one or more compounds of WO 2011/003065 is/are excluded.

Also provided is a compound selected from Examples 1-468 or Table 1, or any combination thereof. If any discrepancy exists between a stmcture and its chemical name, the stmcture prevails.

Table 1 : Exemplary Compounds of the Present Invention



carboxamide


carboxamide

HO—' c]pyrrole-5-carboxylate N-[l-[2-[(3aR,6aR)-2- methyl-3a-phenyl- 3 ,4,6,6a-tetrahydro- 1 H- NH CI pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-5-yl]- 2-oxo-ethyl] -3 - [5-chloro- 2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

benzyl 4-[[(3aR,6aS)-5-[2- [3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 4-(pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carbonylamino)pyrazol- 1 - yl]acetyl]-l,3,3a,4,6,6a- hexahydropyrrolo [3 ,4- c]pyrrol-2- yl]methyl]piperidine- 1 - carboxylate

N-[l-[2-[(3aR,6aS)-2-[3- (2-oxopyrrolidin- 1 - yl)propyl]-l,3,3a,4,6,6a- hexahydropyrrolo [3 ,4- c]pyrrol-5-yl]-2-oxo- ethyl]-3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide



carboxamide ethyl 4-[[(3aS,6aR)-5-[2- P [3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - NH CI 4-(pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carbonylamino)pyrazol- 1 - yl]acetyl]-l,3,3a,4,6,6a- hexahydropyrrolo [3 ,4- > N— ' c]pyrrol-2- yl]methyl]piperidine- 1 - carboxylate

N-[l-[2-[(3aS,7aR)-5- methyl-3,3a,4,6,7,7a- hexahydro-2H- pyrrolo[3 ,2-c]pyridin- 1 - NH CI

yl]-2-oxo-ethyl]-3-[5- chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- F carboxamide

N-[l-[2-[(3aR,7aS)-2- methyl-3,3a,4,6,7,7a- hexahydro-lH- ° NH CI pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyridin-5- yl]-2-oxo-ethyl]-3-[5- chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- N— carboxamide

/

N-[l-[2-[(3aR,6aS)-2- (tetrahydropyran-4- ylmethyl)-l,3,3a,4,6,6a- ° NH CI hexahydropyrrolo [3 ,4- c]pyrrol-5-yl]-2-oxo- ethyl]-3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide



carboxamide

/ H F carboxamide
carboxamide


carboxamide



carboxamide


carboxamide

OH F carboxamide

F carboxamide
F car oxam e




carboxamide



carboxamide


carboxamide




carboxamide

carboxamide
2-amino-N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2- "* (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - l-[2-[4-[2- 0$ NH CI hydroxyethyl(methyl)amin

140 o]-l-piperidyl]-2-oxo- ethyl]pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- 1 F carboxamide

2-amino-N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - l-[2-[4-[2- 0 NH CI methoxyethyl(methyl)ami

141 no] - 1 -piperidyl] -2-oxo- ethyl]pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- 1 F

carboxamide

N-[l-[l-(3- acetamidopropyl)-4- ° NH CI piperidyl]-3-[5-chloro-2- 142 (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

2-amino-N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 0 NH CI l-[l-[4-oxo-4-(l- piperidyl)butyl] -4- 143

piperidyl]pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N-[l-[l-(l-acetyl-4- ° NH CI piperidyl)-4-piperidyl] -3- [5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl]

144

pyrazol-4-yl]-2-amino- pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

H!N NJ 2-amino-N-[l-[l-(3- benzamidopropyl)-4- 0 NH CI piperidyl]-3-[5-chloro-2- 145 (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

0

2-amino-N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 0 NH CI 1 - [ 1 - [3 -(2-oxopyrrolidin- l-yl)propyl]-4- 146

piperidyl]pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- 0 carboxamide

2-amino-N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2- 0 NH CI (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [ 1 -(4-morpholino-4-oxo- 147 butyl)-4-piperidyl]pyrazol- 4-yl]pyrazolo [ 1,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide




car oxam e










carboxamide

carboxamide

carboxamide

N-[4-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - — N 2-[3- (dimethylamino)prop- 1 - 209

ynyl]thiazol-5- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N-[2-[3- [butyl(methyl)amino]prop- l-ynyl]-4-[5-chloro-2- 210 (difluoromethoxy)phenyl]t hiazol-5-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1- [2-(7-methyl-2,7- diazaspiro [3.4] octan-2-yl)- 211

2- oxo-ethyl]pyrazol-4- o -O yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - ° NH CI l-[2-(7-methyl-2,7- diazaspiro[4.4]nonan-2- 212

yl)-2-oxo-ethyl]pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

F






O 0 F carboxamide

car oxam e


-

-

carboxamide


carboxamide




F carboxamide






N-[3-[5-chloro-2- NH CI (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - l-[2-[ethyl-[(2-methyl-4- pyridyl)methyl] amino] -2- 299

oxo-ethyl]pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - NH CI l-[2-[(2-chloro-4- pyridyl)methyl-ethyl- 300 amino]-2-oxo- ethyl]pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

CI

N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - NH CI l-[2-[ethyl(3- pyridylmethyl)amino] -2- 301

oxo-ethyl]pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N



2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - NH CI 4-[pyrazolo [1,5- 310 a]pyrimidine-3-amido]- lH-pyrazol-1- yl] acetyl )piperazin- 1 - yl] acetic acid

2-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 4-[pyrazolo[l,5- 311 a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - lH-pyrazol-1- yl]ethyl)piperidin-4- yl] amino] acetic acid

N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - l-(2-[[2- I (methylsulfanyl)ethyl] ami

312 no]ethyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

F

N-[l-[2- (benzylamino)ethyl]-3-[5- chloro-2- ° <p N H CI (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 313 lH-pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

F




-





2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl 1 - (2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 4-[pyrazolo [1,5- a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)-4- methylpiperidine-4- carboxylate


2-(dimethylamino)ethyl 1- CO (2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy) phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1,5- ,NH CI a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)-4- methylpiperidine-4- carboxylate

1 o

piperidin-4-ylmethyl 1 -(2- [3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 4-[pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1- yl] acetyl )piperidine-4- carboxylate


l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 4-[pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1- yl] acetyl )piperidine-4- carboxylic acid





Assumed










o carboxamide CO N-(3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- NH CI l-(2-((S)-tetrahydrofuran- 399 3-ylamino)ethyl)-lH- pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

F

N-(3-(5-chloro-2- JO (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- l-(2-(4-((2- (dimethylamino)-2- oxoethyl)(methyl)amino)p

400

iperidin- 1 -yl)-2-oxoethyl)- lH-pyrazol-4- yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N-(3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- l-(2-(4-(2- (dimethylamino)-2- 401 .J oxoethylamino)piperidin- l-yl)-2-oxoethyl)-lH- pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

CO N-(3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- NH CI 1 -(2-((R)-tetrahydrofuran- 402 3-ylamino)ethyl)-lH- pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

F


carboxamide CO N-(3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- NH CI 1 -(2-oxo-2-(4-(piperazine- 1 -carbonyl)piperidin- 1 - 408

yl)ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4- yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- o carboxamide

CO N-(3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- l-(2-(4-(3- NH CI cyanopyrrolidin- 1 - 409 yl)piperidin- 1 -yl)-2- oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4- yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

C N-(3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- NH CI l-(2-(4-methyl-4- morpholinopiperidin- 1 - 410

yl)-2-oxoethyl)-lH- pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N-(3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- NH CI l-(3-(dimethylamino)-2- 411 oxopropyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4- yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

F






NC \ F carboxamide

carboxamide


carboxamide N-(3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- l-(2-(4-(4-methyl-2- oxopiperazin-1- 448 yl)piperidin- 1 -yl)-2- oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4- yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N-(3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- l-(2-(4-((R)-3- methylmorpholino)piperid

449

in- 1 -yl)-2-oxoethyl)- 1 H- pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5- 0 a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N-(l-(2-(4-(6-oxa-3-aza- bicyclo[3.1.1 ]heptan-3- yl)piperidin- 1 -yl)-2- oxoethyl)-3-(5-chloro-2- 450 (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- lH-pyrazol-4- yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

N-(3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- l-(2-(4-((S)-3- methylmorpholino)piperid

451

in- 1 -yl)-2-oxoethyl)- 1 H- pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5- o— / a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide





Compounds of the invention may contain one or more asymmetric carbon atoms. Accordingly, the compounds may exist as diastereomers, enantiomers or mixtures thereof. The syntheses of the compounds may employ racemates, diastereomers or enantiomers as starting materials or as intermediates. Mixtures of particular diastereomeric compounds may be separated, or enriched in one or more particular diastereomers, by chromatographic or crystallization methods. Similarly, enantiomeric mixtures may be separated, or enantiomerically enriched, using the same techniques or others known in the art. Each of the asymmetric carbon or nitrogen atoms may be in the R or S configuration and both of these configurations are within the scope of the invention.

In the structures shown herein, where the stereochemistry of any particular chiral atom is not specified, then all stereoisomers are contemplated and included as the compounds of the invention. Where stereochemistry is specified by a solid wedge or dashed line representing a particular configuration, then that stereoisomer is so specified and defined. Unless otherwise specified, if solid wedges or dashed lines are used, relative stereochemistry is intended.

Another aspect includes prodrugs of the compounds of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, including known amino-protecting and carboxy-protecting groups which are released, for example hydrolyzed, to yield the compound of the present invention under physiologic conditions.

The term "prodrug" refers to a precursor or derivative form of a pharmaceutically active substance that is less efficacious to the patient compared to the parent drug and is capable of being enzymatically or hydrolytically activated or converted into the more active parent form. See, e.g., Wilman, "Prodrugs in Cancer Chemotherapy" Biochemical Society Transactions, 14, pp. 375-382, 615th Meeting Belfast (1986) and Stella et al., "Prodrugs: A Chemical Approach to Targeted Drug Delivery," Directed Drug Delivery, Borchardt et al., (ed.), pp. 247-267, Humana Press (1985). Prodrugs include, but are not limited to, phosphate-containing prodrugs, thiophosphate-containing prodrugs, sulfate-containing prodrugs, peptide-containing prodrugs, D-amino acid-modified prodrugs, glycosylated prodrugs, β-lactam-containing prodrugs, optionally substituted

phenoxyacetamide-containing prodrugs or optionally substituted phenylacetamide-containing prodrugs, and 5-fluorocytosine and 5-fluorouridine prodrugs.

A particular class of prodrugs are compounds in which a nitrogen atom in an amino, amidino, aminoalkyleneamino, iminoalkyleneamino or guanidino group is substituted with a hydroxy group, an alkylcarbonyl (-CO-R) group, an alkoxycarbonyl (-CO-OR), or an acyloxyalkyl-alkoxycarbonyl (-CO-O-R-O-CO-R) group where R is a monovalent or divalent group, for example alkyl, alkylene or aryl, or a group having the Formula -C(0)-0-CPlP2-haloalkyl, where PI and P2 are the same or different and are hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, halogen, alkyl or aryl. In a particular embodiment, the nitrogen atom is one of the nitrogen atoms of the amidino group of the compounds of Formula (00A), (OA) or (A) or a subformula thereof. Prodrugs may be prepared by reacting a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, with an activated group, such as acyl groups, to bond, for example, a nitrogen atom in the compound to the exemplary carbonyl of the activated acyl group. Examples of activated carbonyl compounds are those containing a leaving group bonded to the carbonyl group, and include, for example, acyl halides, acyl amines, acyl pyridinium salts, acyl alkoxides, acyl phenoxides such as p-nitrophenoxy acyl, dinitrophenoxy acyl, fluorophenoxy acyl, and difluorophenoxy acyl. The reactions are generally carried out in inert solvents at reduced temperatures such as -78 to about 50°C. The reactions may also be carried out in the presence of an inorganic base, for example potassium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate, or an organic base such as an amine, including pyridine, trimethylamine, triethylamine, triethanolamine, or the like.

Additional types of prodrugs are also encompassed. For instance, a free carboxyl group of a compound of the invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or suitable free carboxyl-containing compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, can be derivatized as an amide or alkyl ester. As another example, compounds of the present invention comprising free hydroxy groups can be derivatized as prodrugs by converting the hydroxy group into a group such as, but not limited to, a phosphate ester, hemisuccinate, dimethylaminoacetate, or phosphoryloxymethyloxycarbonyl group, as outlined in

Fleisher, D. et al., (1996) Improved oral drug delivery: solubility limitations overcome by the use of prodrugs Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 19: 115. Carbamate prodrugs of hydroxy and amino groups are also included, as are carbonate prodrugs, sulfonate esters and sulfate esters of hydroxy groups. Derivatization of hydroxy groups as (acyloxy)methyl and (acyloxy)ethyl ethers, wherein the acyl group can be an alkyl ester optionally substituted with groups including, but not limited to, ether, amine and carboxylic acid functionalities, or where the acyl group is an amino acid ester as described above, are also encompassed. Prodrugs of this type are described in J. Med. Chem., (1996), 39: 10. More specific examples include replacement of the hydrogen atom of the alcohol group with a group such as (Ci_C6)alkanoyloxymethyl, l-((Ci_ C6)alkanoyloxy)ethyl, 1 -methyl- l -((Ci_C6)alkanoyloxy)ethyl, (Ci_

C6)alkoxycarbonyloxymethyl, N-(Ci_C6)alkoxycarbonylaminomethyl, succinoyl, (Ci_ C6)alkanoyl, alpha-amino(Ci_C4)alkanoyl, arylacyl and alpha-aminoacyl, or alpha-aminoacyl-alpha-aminoacyl, where each alpha-aminoacyl group is independently selected from the naturally occurring L-amino acids, P(0)(OH)2, -P(0)(0(Ci_C6)alkyl)2 or glycosyl (the radical resulting from the removal of a hydroxyl group of the hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate).

"Leaving group" refers to a portion of a first reactant in a chemical reaction that is displaced from the first reactant in the chemical reaction. Examples of leaving groups include, but are not limited to, halogen atoms, alkoxy and sulfonyloxy groups. Example sulfonyloxy groups include, but are not limited to, alkylsulfonyloxy groups (for example methyl sulfonyloxy (mesylate group) and trifluoromethylsulfonyloxy (triflate group)) and arylsulfonyloxy groups (for example p-toluenesulfonyloxy (tosylate group) and p-nitrosulfonyloxy (nosylate group)).

SYNTHESIS OF JANUS KINASE INHIBITOR COMPOUNDS

Compounds of the present invention may be synthesized by synthetic routes described herein. In certain embodiments, processes well-known in the chemical arts can be used, in addition to, or in light of, the description contained herein. The starting materials are generally available from commercial sources such as Aldrich Chemicals (Milwaukee, Wis.) or are readily prepared using methods well known to those skilled in the art (e.g., prepared by methods generally described in Louis F. Fieser and Mary Fieser, Reagents for Organic Synthesis, v. 1-19, Wiley, N.Y. (1967-1999 ed.), Beilsteins Handbuch der organischen Chemie, 4, Aufl. ed. Springer- Verlag, Berlin, including supplements (also available via the Beilstein online database)), or Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry, Editors Katrizky and Rees, Pergamon Press, 1984.

Compounds may be prepared singly or as compound libraries comprising at least 2, for example 5 to 1,000 compounds, or 10 to 100 compounds. Libraries of compounds may be prepared by a combinatorial 'split and mix' approach or by multiple parallel syntheses using either solution phase or solid phase chemistry, by procedures known to those skilled in the art. Thus according to a further aspect of the invention there is provided a compound library comprising at least 2 compounds of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468.

For illustrative purposes, reaction Schemes 1-26 depicted below provide routes for synthesizing the compounds of the present invention as well as key intermediates. For a more detailed description of the individual reaction steps, see the Examples section below. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that other synthetic routes may be used. Although some specific starting materials and reagents are depicted in the Schemes and discussed below, other starting materials and reagents can be substituted to provide a variety of derivatives or reaction conditions. In addition, many of the compounds prepared by the methods described below can be further modified in light of this disclosure using conventional chemistry well known to those skilled in the art.

In the preparation of compounds of the present invention, protection of remote functionality (e.g., primary or secondary amine) of intermediates may be necessary. The need for such protection will vary depending on the nature of the remote functionality and the conditions of the preparation methods. Suitable amino-protecting groups include acetyl, trifluoroacetyl, benzyl, phenylsulfonyl, t-butoxycarbonyl (BOC), benzyloxycarbonyl (CBz) and 9-fluorenylmethyleneoxycarbonyl (Fmoc). The need for such protection is readily determined by one skilled in the art. For a general description of protecting groups and their use, see T. W. Greene, Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1991.

Other conversions commonly used in the synthesis of compounds of the present invention, and which can be carried out using a variety of reagents and conditions, include the following:

(1) Reaction of a carboxylic acid with an amine to form an amide. Such a transformation can be achieved using various reagents known to those skilled in the art but a comprehensive review can be found in Tetrahedron, 2005, 61, 10827- 10852.

(2) Reaction of a primary or secondary amine with an aryl halide or pseudo halide, e.g., a triflate, commonly known as a "Buchwald-Hartwig cross-coupling," can be achieved using a variety of catalysts, ligands and bases. A review of these methods is provided in Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents, 2010, 575- 581.

(3) A palladium cross-coupling reaction between an aryl halide and a vinyl boronic acid or boronate ester. This transformation is a type of "Suzuki-Miyaura cross- coupling," a class of reaction that has been thoroughly reviewed in Chemical Reviews, 1995, 95(7), 2457-2483.

(4) The hydrolysis of an ester to give the corresponding carboxylic acid is well known to those skilled in the art and conditions include: for methyl and ethyl esters, the use of a strong aqueous base such as lithium, sodium or potassium hydroxide or a strong aqueous mineral acid such as HCl; for a tert-butyl ester, hydrolysis would be carried out using acid, for example, HCl in dioxane or trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in dichloromethane (DCM).

Other exemplary transformations are discussed following the Schemes below.

Reaction Scheme 1


Compounds of formula 6 can be synthesized as shown in reaction Scheme 1. Trichloroacetonitrile can be reacted with cyanoacetic acid ethyl ester to give compound 34. Compound 1 can be condensed with hydrazine to give compound 2, which can then be condensed with 1,1,3,3-tetramethoxypropane to give compound 3. Amine 3 can be doubly Boc-protected to give compound 4, which can then be hydrolyzed with lithium hydroxide to give carboxylic acid 5. Carboxylic acid 5 can then be coupled to various amines in the presence of PyAOP, DIEA, and DMAP to give compounds of formula 6.

Reaction Scheme 2

A method for the synthesis of compounds of Formula 5 is illustrated in Reaction Scheme 2. a-Bromoketones can be generated from compound 1 with a reagent such as bromine. Alkylation of di-tert-butyl iminodicarbonate with sodium hydride and various a-bromoketones 2 generates compound 3. Compound 3 can be heated with DMFDMA to give compound 4. Cyclization of compound 4 with hydrazine in ethanol provides pyrazole compound 5. Coupling of compound 5 with pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid in the presence of PyAOP, DIEA, and DMAP provides compounds of Formula 6.

Reaction Scheme 3


An alternative method for the synthesis of compounds of Formula 6 is described in Reaction Scheme 3. Alkylation of potassium phthalimide with a-bromoketones 1 generates compound 2. Condensation with DMFDMA yields compounds 3. Compound 3 may be cyclized with hydrazine to yield compound 4, which may then be coupled with pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid under amide formation conditions using HATU to provide compounds of Formula 5. Alkylation of compound 5 with alkyl halides in the presence of cesium carbonate gives compounds of Formula 6.

Reaction Scheme 4

,N°2 1 ) LiHMDS ,N°2 1 ) Fe, NH I

2> b , (Γ -Ι B0H H2°,

N-N -78°C N-N_ 2) Bcc20

SEM SEM , d,oxane

2


Reaction Scheme 4 illustrates an alternate synthesis for compounds of formula 5. Nitro-SEM pyrazole compound 1, prepared as in Reaction Scheme 5, may be regioselectively deprotonated with lithium hexamethyldisilazide at low temperature and quenched with iodine to yield 2. The nitro group of compound 2 can be reduced in the presence of iron and ammonium chloride, followed by Boc protection to generate compound 3. Compound 3 may be coupled under Suzuki conditions with aryl boronic acids or aryl boronates to yield compounds 4. After cleavage of the Boc group with tin tetrachloride, compounds of formula 5 are obtained.

Reaction Scheme 5


An alternate method for the synthesis of compounds of Formula 6a and 6b is shown in Reaction Scheme 5. Commercially available 4-nitro-lH-pyrazole may be protected with a [-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy]methyl (SEM) group by treatment with sodium hydride and (2-(chloromethoxy)ethyl)trimethylsilane. The resulting compound 1 can be arylated with aryl bromides or iodides under palladium catalyzed conditions to generated 4-nitro-5-aryl-pyrazoles of formula 2. The nitro group of compounds 2 can be reduced in the presence of iron and ammonium chloride to generate amino pyrazoles 3. Amide bond coupling with commercially available pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid in the presence of PyAOP, DIEA, and DMAP provides compounds 4. Removal of the SEM protecting group by aqueous HC1 in ethanol generates compounds 5, which may be alkylated with alkyl halides in the presence of a suitable base such as cesium carbonate or with Michael acceptors to provide compounds of Formula 6a and 6b.

Reaction Scheme 6


An alternate method for the synthesis of compounds of Formula 4a and 4b is shown in Reaction Scheme 6. Commercially available 4-Nitro-lH-pyrazole can be reacted with alkyl bromides in the presence of cesium carbonate at 55 °C for 12 hours to give compound 1. Compound 1 can be reacted with aryl bromides in N,N-Dimethylacetamide in the presence of Palladium (II) acetate, Di(l-adamntyl)-n-butylphosphine, potassium carbonate and trimethylacetic acid to give compounds 2a and 2b. The ratio of products 2a:2b varies depending on the substituent Rl, but the reaction generally favors formation of product 2b. Compounds 32a and 32b can be reduced to compounds 3 a and 3b in the presence of iron and ammonium chloride in ethanol and water. Coupling of compounds 3a and 3b with pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic

acid in the presence of PyAOP, DIEA, and DMAP can provide compounds of Formula 4a and 4b.

Reaction Scheme 7


aq HCl,

MeOH


Amide bond coupling of 1 with 5-chloro-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl chloride (prepared according to the procedure in Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 55(22), 10090-10107; 2012) in the presence of triethylamine provides compounds of formula 2. Treatment of 2 with aqueous ammonia generates compounds of formula 3. Removal of the SEM protecting group by aqueous HCl in methanol generates compounds of formula 4, which may be alkylated with alkyl halides in the presence of a suitable base such as cesium carbonate or with Michael acceptors to provide compounds of Formula 5 a and 5b.

Reaction Scheme 8

R4-X (X = CI, Br, I)

Cs2C03, DMF

OR

Michael acceptor


A method for the synthesis of compounds of Formula 4a and 4b is shown in Reaction Scheme 8. An amide bond coupling of compound 1 with commercially available 6-methyl-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid in the presence of HATU and DIPEA provides compound 2. Removal of the SEM protecting group by aqueous HCl in ethanol generates compounds 3, which may be alkylated with alkyl halides in the presence of a suitable base such as cesium carbonate or with Michael acceptors to provide compounds of Formula 4a and 4b.

Reaction Scheme 9

Compounds of formula 4 can be synthesized as shown in reaction Scheme 9. Pyrazole compound 1 (prepared as described herein) may be alkylated with t-butyl-bromoacetate in the presence of cesium carbonate to give intermediate 2. 2 may be treated with trifluoroacetic acid to give acids 3, which may then be reacted with primary or secondary amines in the presence of a coupling reagent such as Ν,Ν,Ν',Ν'-tetramethyl-0-(7-azabenzotriazol-l-yl)uronium hexafluorophosphate (HATU) to give compounds of formula 4.

Reaction Scheme 10


According to Scheme 10, compound 1 can be reacted with an a-haloamide in the presence of a base such as cesium carbonate and subsequently deprotected under aqueous acidic conditions to give compounds of type 2. Compounds of type 2 can be reacted with either primary or secondary amines under reductive conditions to give compounds of type 4 and 3 respectively, using a reducting agent for example sodium triacetoxyborohydride.

Intermediate 3 can be further elaborated by reaction with aldehydes in the presence of an appropriate reducing agent such as sodium triacetoxyborohydride to give compounds 4.

Reaction Scheme 11


Pyrazole compounds of the formula 1 may be elaborated via a copper catalyzed coupling with for example a phenyl iodide containing a secondary or tertiary amine sidechain to afford compound 2.

Reaction Scheme 12

Treatment of compound 3 with thiourea in an appropriate solvent such as ethanol with heating provides thiazole compound 4. Aminothiazole 4 can be converted to the bromide 5 by treatment with tBuONO, CuBr2 in a suitable solvent, for example acetonitrile. Subsequent hydrolysis of compound 5 using an aqueous base such as potassium hydroxide in a compatible solvent like ethanol will afford acid (6). Compound 7 can be prepared by treatment of compound 6 with diphenylphosphoryl azide (DPPA) in tert-butanol followed by deprotection under acidic conditions. Activation of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid with thionyl chloride in a solvent such as THF in the presence of a base like DIPEA and susquent reaction with 7 to give compound 8. Demethylation of aryl methylether 8 with for example BBr3 in DCM followed by alkylation with sodium chlorodifluoroacetate and an appropriate base and solvent combination such as cesium carbonate in DMF will give compound 10.

Reaction Scheme 13


Alternatively compounds of Formula 6 can be synthesized as shown in Reaction Scheme 13. For example, compounds 1 can be prepared by treatment of commercially available substituted acetophenones with diethyl carbonate and subsequent bromination using for example bromine in dioxane. Treatment of compounds 1 with a suitably substituted thioamide or thiourea provides thiazole compounds 2. Compounds 2 can be hydrolysed using an aqueous base such as potassium hydroxide in a compatible solvent such as THF to afford acid compounds 35. Compounds 4 can be prepared by treatment of compounds 3 with diphenylphosphoryl azide (DPPA) in tert-butanol. Deprotection of compounds 4 under acidic conditions provides amino compounds 5. Compounds of formula 6 can prepared by treatment of compounds 5 with pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl chloride in pyridine.

Reaction Scheme 14


Compounds of type 1 can be reacted with suitable nucleophiles such appropriately mono-substituted cyclic diamines, acetal containing cyclic amines cyclic amines containing a substituted second amino group can be achieved with heating in a solvent such as DMA to give compounds 7, 2 and 6 respectively. Compounds of type 2 can be deprotected under aqueous acidic conditions to provide structures of type 3. Compounds 3 can be reductively aminated with mono or di-substituted amines, with regards to the mono substituted amino products they can be further elaborated via a reductively alkylated with a suitable aldehyde in the presence of a reducing agent such as sodium cyanoborohydride giving compounds of type 5.

Reaction Scheme 15


(3) (4) (5)

Compound 1 can undergo a Sonogashria reaction with an N-substituted propargyl amine or propargyl alcohol to give compounds 2 and 3 respectively in the presence of a palladium source, a copper (i) halide and base in an appropriate solvent with heating. For example, this could be a combination of Pd(PPh3)2Ci2, Cu(I)I, Et3N in THF. Alcohol 3 can be converted to the bromide 4 with CBr4, PPh3 in a suitable solvent such as DCM. The bromide can be then displaced with primary and secondary amines giving structures of type 5.

Reaction Scheme 16


As shown in Scheme 16, compounds of type 1 can be reacted with 1,2-dibromo ethane to give alkyl bromides 2. Reaction of 2 with amine nucleophiles can produce structures of type 4.

Reaction Scheme 17

As shown in Scheme 17, compounds of type 1 can be alkylated with amine containing electrophiles to produce compounds 2. Manipulation of functional groups on the pendant amine can produce structures of type 3 and 4.

Reaction Scheme 18


As shown in Scheme 18, compounds of type 1 can be reacted with allylic dihalides to produce compounds 2. Further reaction of the pendant allylic halide with amine nucleophiles can produce structures of type 4.

Reaction Scheme 19


As shown in Scheme 19, compounds of type 1 can be reacted with substituted piperazines and an appropriate dehydrating agent (such as HATU) to produce structures of type 4. Alternatively, compounds of type 1 can be coupled with appropriately mono- protected piperazines to produce compounds 2. Compounds 2 can then be deprotected and further reacted with appropriate electrophiles to produce structures of type 4.

Reaction Scheme 20


As shown in Scheme 20, compounds of type 1 can be reacted with epoxides in the presence of a Lewis acid such as Yb(OTf>3 to produce structures such as 2 and 3. Deprotection can then produce structures of type 4 and 5.

Reaction Scheme 21

As shown in Scheme 21, compounds of type 1 can be reacted with epoxides in the presence of a Lewis acid such as Yb(OTf>3 to produce structures such as 2. The resulting alcohol can then be oxidized to produce structures of type 3.

Reaction Scheme 22


As shown in Scheme 22, reaction of compounds of type 1 with appropriate electrophiles in the presence of base, followed by deprotection can produce structures such as 2. Further manipulation of the reactive amine can then produce structures of type 3.

Reaction Scheme 23


As shown in Scheme 23, reaction of compounds of type 1 with propargyl bromide or chloride in the presence of a base can produce compounds of type 2. Reaction of 2 with azide compounds such as 3 in the presence of a copper halide and organic base, followed by deprotection can lead to triazole compounds of type 4. Further manipulation of the reactive amine can then produce structures of type 5.

Reaction Scheme 24


As shown in Scheme 24, reaction of compounds of type 1 with a 2-(halomethyl)oxirane can produce compounds of type 2. Reaction of compounds of type 2 with nucleophilic amines can lead to compounds of type 3. Oxidation of 3 leads to compounds of type 4.

Reaction Scheme 25


As shown in Scheme 25, reaction of compounds of type 1 with appropriate allylic alkylating reagents in the presense of base leads to compounds of type 2. Deprotection of the amino protecting group under acidic conditions, followed by reductive amination or alkylation of the reactive amine leads to compounds of type 3.

Reaction Scheme 26


As shown in Scheme 26, reaction of compounds of type 1 with appropriate allylic alkylating reagents leads to compounds of type 2. Removal of the ketal protecting group under acidic conditions, followed by reaction of the liberated ketone with an amine under reductive amination conditions leads to compounds of type 3. A subsequent reductive amination or alkylation step produces structures of type 3.

It will be appreciated that where appropriate functional groups exist, compounds of various formulae or any intermediates used in their preparation may be further derivatised by one or more standard synthetic methods employing condensation, substitution, oxidation, reduction, or cleavage reactions. Particular substitution approaches include conventional alkylation, arylation, heteroarylation, acylation, sulfonylation, halogenation, nitration, formylation and coupling procedures.

In a further example, primary amine or secondary amine groups may be converted into amide groups (-NHCOR' or -NRCOR') by acylation. Acylation may be achieved by reaction with an appropriate acid chloride in the presence of a base, such as triethylamine, in a suitable solvent, such as dichloromethane, or by reaction with an appropriate carboxylic acid in the presence of a suitable coupling agent such HATU (0-(7-

azabenzotriazol-l-yl)-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate) in a suitable solvent such as dichloromethane. Similarly, amine groups may be converted into sulphonamide groups (-NHSO2R' or -NR"S02R') groups by reaction with an appropriate sulphonyl chloride in the presence of a suitable base, such as triethylamine, in a suitable solvent such as dichloromethane. Primary or secondary amine groups can be converted into urea groups (-NHCONR'R" or -NRCONR'R") by reaction with an appropriate isocyanate in the presence of a suitable base such as triethylamine, in a suitable solvent, such as dichloromethane.

An amine (-NH2) may be obtained by reduction of a nitro (-N02) group, for example by catalytic hydro genation, using for example hydrogen in the presence of a metal catalyst, for example palladium on a support such as carbon in a solvent such as ethyl acetate or an alcohol e.g. methanol. Alternatively, the transformation may be carried out by chemical reduction using for example a metal, e.g. tin or iron, in the presence of an acid such as hydrochloric acid.

In a further example, amine (-CH2NH2) groups may be obtained by reduction of nitriles (-CN), for example by catalytic hydro genation using for example hydrogen in the presence of a metal catalyst, for example palladium on a support such as carbon, or Raney nickel, in a solvent such as an ether e.g. a cyclic ether such as tetrahydrofuran, at an appropriate temperature, for example from about -78 °C to the reflux temperature of the solvent.

In a further example, amine (-NH2) groups may be obtained from carboxylic acid groups (-CO2H) by conversion to the corresponding acyl azide (-CON3), Curtius rearrangement and hydrolysis of the resultant isocyanate (-N=C=0).

Aldehyde groups (-CHO) may be converted to amine groups (-CF^NR'R")) by reductive amination employing an amine and a borohydride, for example sodium triacetoxyborohydride or sodium cyanoborohydride, in a solvent such as a halogenated hydrocarbon, for example dichloromethane, or an alcohol such as ethanol, where necessary in the presence of an acid such as acetic acid at around ambient temperature.

In a further example, aldehyde groups may be converted into alkenyl groups (-CH=CHR') by the use of a Wittig or Wadsworth-Emmons reaction using an appropriate phosphorane or phosphonate under standard conditions known to those skilled in the art.

Aldehyde groups may be obtained by reduction of ester groups (such as -C02Et) or nitriles (-CN) using diisobutylaluminium hydride in a suitable solvent such as toluene. Alternatively, aldehyde groups may be obtained by the oxidation of alcohol groups using any suitable oxidising agent known to those skilled in the art.

Ester groups (-C02R') may be converted into the corresponding acid group (- C02H) by acid- or base-catalused hydrolysis, depending on the nature of R. If R is t-butyl, acid-catalysed hydrolysis can be achieved for example by treatment with an organic acid such as trifluoroacetic acid in an aqueous solvent, or by treatment with an inorganic acid such as hydrochloric acid in an aqueous solvent.

Carboxylic acid groups (-C02H) may be converted into amides (CONHR' or - CONR'R") by reaction with an appropriate amine in the presence of a suitable coupling agent, such as HATU, in a suitable solvent such as dichloromethane.

In a further example, carboxylic acids may be homologated by one carbon (i.e -C02H to -CH2C02H) by conversion to the corresponding acid chloride (-COC1) followed by Arndt-Eistert synthesis.

In a further example, -OH groups may be generated from the corresponding ester (e.g. -C02R'), or aldehyde (-CHO) by reduction, using for example a complex metal hydride such as lithium aluminium hydride in diethyl ether or tetrahydrofuran, or sodium borohydride in a solvent such as methanol. Alternatively, an alcohol may be prepared by reduction of the corresponding acid (-C02H), using for example lithium aluminium hydride in a solvent such as tetrahydrofuran, or by using borane in a solvent such as tetrahydrofuran.

Alcohol groups may be converted into leaving groups, such as halogen atoms or sulfonyloxy groups such as an alkylsulfonyloxy, e.g. trifluoromethylsulfonyloxy or arylsulfonyloxy, e.g. -toluenesulfonyloxy group using conditions known to those skilled in the art. For example, an alcohol may be reacted with thioyl chloride in a halogenated hydrocarbon (e.g. dichloromethane) to yield the corresponding chloride. A base (e.g. triethylamine) may also be used in the reaction.

In another example, alcohol, phenol or amide groups may be alkylated by coupling a phenol or amide with an alcohol in a solvent such as tetrahydrofuran in the presence of a phosphine, e.g. triphenylphosphine and an activator such as diethyl-,

diisopropyl, or dimethylazodicarboxylate. Alternatively alkylation may be achieved by deprotonation using a suitable base e.g. sodium hydride followed by subsequent addition of an alkylating agent, such as an alkyl halide.

Aromatic halogen substituents in the compounds may be subjected to halogen-metal exchange by treatment with a base, for example a lithium base such as n-butyl or t-butyl lithium, optionally at a low temperature, e.g. around -78 °C, in a solvent such as tetrahydrofuran, and then quenched with an electrophile to introduce a desired substituent. Thus, for example, a formyl group may be introduced by using N,N-dimethylformamide as the electrophile. Aromatic halogen substituents may alternatively be subjected to metal (e.g. palladium or copper) catalysed reactions, to introduce, for example, acid, ester, cyano, amide, aryl, heteraryl, alkenyl, alkynyl, thio- or amino substituents. Suitable procedures which may be employed include those described by Heck, Suzuki, Stille, Buchwald or Hartwig.

Aromatic halogen substituents may also undergo nucleophilic displacement following reaction with an appropriate nucleophile such as an amine or an alcohol. Advantageously, such a reaction may be carried out at elevated temperature in the presence of microwave irradiation.

METHODS OF SEPARATION

In each of the exemplary Schemes it may be advantageous to separate reaction products from one another or from starting materials. The desired products of each step or series of steps is separated or purified (hereinafter separated) to the desired degree of homogeneity by the techniques common in the art. Typically such separations involve multiphase extraction, crystallization or trituration from a solvent or solvent mixture, distillation, sublimation, or chromatography. Chromatography can involve any number of methods including, for example: reverse-phase and normal phase; size exclusion; ion exchange; supercritical fluid; high, medium, and low pressure liquid chromatography methods and apparatus; small scale analytical; simulated moving bed (SMB) and preparative thin or thick layer chromatography, as well as techniques of small scale thin layer and flash chromatography.

Another class of separation methods involves treatment of a mixture with a reagent selected to bind to or render otherwise separable a desired product, unreacted starting material, reaction by product, or the like. Such reagents include adsorbents or absorbents such as activated carbon, molecular sieves, ion exchange media, or the like. Alternatively, the reagents can be acids in the case of a basic material, bases in the case of an acidic material, binding reagents such as antibodies, binding proteins, selective chelators such as crown ethers, liquid/liquid ion extraction reagents (LIX), or the like.

Selection of appropriate methods of separation depends on the nature of the materials involved. Example separation methods include boiling point, and molecular weight in distillation and sublimation, presence or absence of polar functional groups in chromatography, stability of materials in acidic and basic media in multiphase extraction, and the like. One skilled in the art will apply techniques most likely to achieve the desired separation.

Diastereomeric mixtures can be separated into their individual diastereoisomers on the basis of their physical chemical differences by methods well known to those skilled in the art, such as by chromatography or fractional crystallization. Enantiomers can be separated by converting the enantiomeric mixture into a diastereomeric mixture by reaction with an appropriate optically active compound (e.g., chiral auxiliary such as a chiral alcohol or Mosher's acid chloride), separating the diastereoisomers and converting (e.g., hydrolyzing) the individual diastereoisomers to the corresponding pure enantiomers. Also, some of the compounds of the present invention may be atropisomers (e.g., substituted biaryls) and are considered as part of this invention. Enantiomers can also be separated by use of a chiral HPLC column or supercritical fluid chromatography.

A single stereoisomer, e.g., an enantiomer, substantially free of its stereoisomer may be obtained by resolution of the racemic mixture using a method such as formation of diastereomers using optically active resolving agents (Eliel, E. and Wilen, S., Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1994; Lochmuller, C. H., J. Chromatogr., 113(3):283-302 (1975)). Racemic mixtures of chiral compounds of the invention can be separated and isolated by any suitable method, including: (1) formation of ionic, diastereomeric salts with chiral compounds and separation by fractional crystallization or other methods, (2) formation of diastereomeric compounds with chiral derivatizing reagents, separation of the diastereomers, and conversion to the pure stereoisomers, and (3) separation of the substantially pure or enriched stereoisomers directly under chiral conditions. See: Drug Stereochemistry, Analytical Methods and Pharmacology, Irving W. Wainer, Ed., Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York (1993).

Diastereomeric salts can be formed by reaction of enantiomerically pure chiral bases such as brucine, quinine, ephedrine, strychnine, -methyl- -phenylethylamine (amphetamine), and the like with asymmetric compounds bearing acidic functionality, such as carboxylic acid and sulfonic acid. The diastereomeric salts may be induced to separate by fractional crystallization or ionic chromatography. For separation of the optical isomers of amino compounds, addition of chiral carboxylic or sulfonic acids, such as camphorsulfonic acid, tartaric acid, mandelic acid, or lactic acid can result in formation of the diastereomeric salts.

Alternatively, the substrate to be resolved is reacted with one enantiomer of a chiral compound to form a diastereomeric pair (Eliel, E. and Wilen, S., Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1994, p. 322). Diastereomeric compounds can be formed by reacting asymmetric compounds with enantiomerically pure chiral derivatizing reagents, such as menthyl derivatives, followed by separation of the diastereomers and hydrolysis to yield the pure or enriched enantiomer. A method of determining optical purity involves making chiral esters, such as a menthyl ester, e.g., (-) menthyl chloroformate in the presence of base, or Mosher ester, -methoxy- -(trifluoromethyl)phenyl acetate (Jacob, J. Org. Chem. 47:4165 (1982)), of the racemic mixture, and analyzing the NMR spectrum for the presence of the two atropisomeric enantiomers or diastereomers. Stable diastereomers of atropisomeric compounds can be separated and isolated by normal- and reverse-phase chromatography following methods for separation of atropisomeric naphthyl-isoquinolines (WO 96/15111, incorporated herein by reference). By method (3), a racemic mixture of two enantiomers can be separated by chromatography using a chiral stationary phase (Chiral Liquid Chromatography W. J. Lough, Ed., Chapman and Hall, New York, (1989); Okamoto, J. of Chromatogr. 513:375-378 (1990)). Enriched or purified enantiomers can be distinguished by methods used to distinguish other chiral molecules with asymmetric carbon atoms, such as optical rotation and circular dichroism. The absolute stereochemistry of chiral centers and enatiomers can be determined by x-ray crystallography.

Positional isomers, for example E and Z forms, of compounds of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), and intermediates for their synthesis, may be observed by characterization methods such as NMR and analytical HPLC. For certain compounds where the energy barrier for interconversion is sufficiently high, the E and Z isomers may be separated, for example by preparatory HPLC.

PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

The compounds with which the invention is concerned are JAK kinase inhibitors, such as JAK1 inhibitors, and are useful in the treatment of several diseases, for example, inflammatory diseases, such as asthma.

Accordingly, another embodiment provides pharmaceutical compositions or medicaments containing a compound of the invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, diluent or excipient, as well as methods of using the compounds of the invention to prepare such compositions and medicaments.

In one example, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III),

(IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, may be formulated by mixing at ambient temperature at the appropriate pH, and at the desired degree of purity, with physiologically acceptable carriers, i.e., carriers that are non-toxic to recipients at the dosages and concentrations employed into a galenical administration form. The pH of the formulation depends mainly on the particular use and the concentration of compound, but typically ranges anywhere from about 3 to about 8. In one example, a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, is formulated in an acetate buffer, at pH 5. In another embodiment, the compounds of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-

468, are sterile. The compound may be stored, for example, as a solid or amorphous composition, as a lyophilized formulation or as an aqueous solution.

Compositions are formulated, dosed, and administered in a fashion consistent with good medical practice. Factors for consideration in this context include the particular disorder being treated, the particular mammal being treated, the clinical condition of the individual patient, the cause of the disorder, the site of delivery of the agent, the method of administration, the scheduling of administration, and other factors known to medical practitioners.

It will be understood that the specific dose level for any particular patient will depend upon a variety of factors including the activity of the specific compound employed, the age, body weight, general health, sex, diet, time of administration, route of administration, rate of excretion, drug combination and the severity of the particular disease undergoing treatment. Optimum dose levels and frequency of dosing will be determined by clinical trial, as is required in the pharmaceutical art. In general, the daily dose range for oral administration will lie within the range of from about 0.001 mg to about 100 mg per kg body weight of a human, often 0.01 mg to about 50 mg per kg, for example 0.1 to 10 mg per kg, in single or divided doses. In general, the daily dose range for inhaled administration will lie within the range of from about 0.1 μg to about 1 mg per kg body weight of a human, preferably 0.1 μg to 50 μg per kg, in single or divided doses. On the other hand, it may be necessary to use dosages outside these limits in some cases.

The compounds of the invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, may be administered by any suitable means, including oral, topical (including buccal and sublingual), rectal, vaginal, transdermal, parenteral, subcutaneous, intraperitoneal, intrapulmonary, intradermal, intrathecal, inhaled and epidural and intranasal, and, if desired for local treatment, intralesional administration. Parenteral infusions include intramuscular, intravenous, intraarterial, intraperitoneal, or subcutaneous administration. In some embodiments, inhaled administration is employed.

The compounds of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A),

(OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, may be administered in any convenient administrative form, e.g., tablets, powders, capsules, lozenges, granules, solutions, dispersions, suspensions, syrups, sprays, vapors, suppositories, gels, emulsions, patches, etc. Such compositions may contain components conventional in pharmaceutical preparations, e.g., diluents (e.g., glucose, lactose or mannitol), carriers, pH modifiers, buffers, sweeteners, bulking agents, stabilizing agents, surfactants, wetting agents, lubricating agents, emulsifiers, suspending agents, preservatives, antioxidants, opaquing agents, glidants, processing aids, colorants, perfuming agents, flavoring agents, other known additives as well as further active agents.

Suitable carriers and excipients are well known to those skilled in the art and are described in detail in, e.g., Ansel, Howard C, et al., Ansel's Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms and Drug Delivery Systems. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2004; Gennaro, Alfonso R., et al. Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2000; and Rowe, Raymond C. Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients. Chicago, Pharmaceutical Press, 2005. For example, carriers include solvents, dispersion media, coatings, surfactants, antioxidants, preservatives (e.g., antibacterial agents, antifungal agents), isotonic agents, absorption delaying agents, salts, preservatives, drugs, drug stabilizers, gels, binders, excipients, disintegration agents, lubricants, sweetening agents, flavoring agents, dyes, such like materials and combinations thereof, as would be known to one of ordinary skill in the art (see, for example, Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, pp 1289-1329, 1990). Except insofar as any conventional carrier is incompatible with the active ingredient, its use in the therapeutic or pharmaceutical compositions is contemplated. Exemplary excipients include dicalcium phosphate, mannitol, lactose, starch, magnesium stearate, sodium saccharine, cellulose, magnesium carbonate or combinations thereof. A pharmaceutical composition may comprise different types of carriers or excipients depending on whether it is to be administered in solid, liquid or aerosol form, and whether it need to be sterile for such routes of administration.

For example, tablets and capsules for oral administration may be in unit dose presentation form, and may contain conventional excipients such as binding agents, for example syrup, acacia, gelatin, sorbitol, tragacanth, or polyvinyl-pyrrolidone; fillers, for example, lactose, sugar, maize-starch, calcium phosphate, sorbitol or glycine; tabletting lubricant, for example, magnesium stearate, talc, polyethylene glycol or silica; disintegrants, for example, potato starch, or acceptable wetting agents such as sodium lauryl sulfate. The tablets may be coated according to methods well known in normal pharmaceutical practice. Oral liquid preparations may be in the form of, for example, aqueous or oily suspensions, solutions, emulsions, syrups or elixirs, or may be presented as a dry product for reconstitution with water or other suitable vehicle before use. Such liquid preparations may contain conventional additives such as suspending agents, for example, sorbitol, syrup, methyl cellulose, glucose syrup, gelatin hydrogenated edible fats; emulsifying agents, for example, lecithin, sorbitan monooleate, or acacia; nonaqueous vehicles (which may include edible oils), for example, almond oil, fractionated coconut oil, oily esters such as glycerine, propylene glycol, or ethyl alcohol; preservatives, for example, methyl or propyl p-hydroxybenzoate or sorbic acid, and if desired conventional flavoring or coloring agents.

For topical application to the skin, a compound may be made up into a cream, lotion or ointment. Cream or ointment formulations which may be used for the drug are conventional formulations well known in the art, for example as described in standard textbooks of pharmaceutics such as the British Pharmacopoeia.

Compounds of the invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, may also be formulated for inhalation, for example, as a nasal spray, or dry powder or aerosol inhalers. For delivery by inhalation, the compound is typically in the form of microparticles, which can be prepared by a variety of techniques, including spray-drying, freeze-drying and micronisation. Aerosol generation can be carried out using, for example, pressure-driven jet atomizers or ultrasonic atomizers, such as by using propellant-driven metered aerosols or propellant-free administration of micronized compounds from, for example, inhalation capsules or other "dry powder" delivery systems.

By way of example, a composition of the invention may be prepared as a suspension for delivery from a nebulizer or as an aerosol in a liquid propellant, for example, for use in a pressurized metered dose inhaler (PMDI). Propellants suitable for

use in a PMDI are known to the skilled person, and include CFC-12, HFA-134a, HFA-227, HCFC-22 (CC12F2) and HFA-152 (CH4F2 and isobutane).

In some embodiments, a composition of the invention is in dry powder form, for delivery using a dry powder inhaler (DPI). Many types of DPI are known.

Microparticles for delivery by administration may be formulated with excipients that aid delivery and release. For example, in a dry powder formulation, microparticles may be formulated with large carrier particles that aid flow from the DPI into the lung. Suitable carrier particles are known, and include lactose particles; they may have a mass median aerodynamic diameter of, for example, greater than 90 μπι.

In the case of an aerosol -based formulation, an example is:

Compound of the invention* 24 mg / canister

Lecithin, NF Liq. Cone. 1.2 mg / canister

Trichlorofluoromethane, NF 4.025 g / canister

Dichlorodifluoromethane, NF 12.15 g / canister.

* Such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V),

(VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468.

A compound, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, may be dosed as described depending on the inhaler system used. In addition to the compound, the administration forms may additionally contain excipients as described above, or, for example, propellants (e.g., Frigen in the case of metered aerosols), surface-active substances, emulsifiers, stabilizers, preservatives, flavorings, fillers (e.g., lactose in the case of powder inhalers) or, if appropriate, further active compounds.

For the purposes of inhalation, a large number of systems are available with which aerosols of optimum particle size can be generated and administered, using an inhalation technique which is appropriate for the patient. In addition to the use of adaptors (spacers, expanders) and pear-shaped containers (e.g., Nebulator®, Volumatic®), and automatic devices emitting a puffer spray (Autohaler®), for metered aerosols, in the case of powder inhalers in particular, a number of technical solutions are available (e.g., Diskhaler®, Rotadisk®, Turbohaler® or the inhalers, for example, as described in U.S. Patent No. 5,263,475, incorporated herein by reference). Additionally,

compounds of the invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb),

(II) , (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, may be delivered in multi-chamber devices thus allowing for delivery of combination agents.

The compound, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II),

(III) , (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, may also be administered parenterally in a sterile medium. Depending on the vehicle and concentration used, the compound can either be suspended or dissolved in the vehicle. Advantageously, adjuvants such as a local anaesthetic, preservative or buffering agents can be dissolved in the vehicle.

TARGETED INHALED DRUG DELIVERY

Optimisation of drugs for delivery to the lung by topical (inhaled) administration has been recently reviewed (Cooper, A. E. et al. Curr. Drug Metab. 2012, 13, 457-473). Due to limitations in the delivery device, the dose of an inhaled drug is likely to be low (approximately <lmg/day) in humans which necessitates highly potent molecules. For compounds destined to be delivered via dry powder inhalation there is also a requirement to be able to generate crystalline forms of the compound that can be micronized to 1-5 μπι in size. Additionally, the compound needs to maintain a sufficient concentration in the lung over a given time period so as to be able to exert a pharmacological effect of the desired duration, and for pharmacological targets where systemic inhibition of said target is undesired, to have a low systemic exposure. The lung has an inherently high permeability to both large molecules (proteins, peptides) as well as small molecules with concomitant short lung half-lives, thus it is necessary to attenuate the lung absorption rate through modification of one or more features of the compounds: minimizing membrane permeability, reducing dissolution rate, or introducing a degree of basicity into the compound to enhance binding to the phospholipid-rich lung tissue or through trapping in acidic sub-cellular compartments such as lysosomes (pH 5). Accordingly, in some embodiments, compounds of the present invention exhibit one or more of these features.

MATCHED PAIR ANALYSIS

Figure 1 depicts a matched pair analysis of certain compounds of the present invention containing either an OMe (i) or OCHF2 (ii) group at the indicated position. Any two dots joined by a line represent two compounds with identical Ri and R2 groups, and differing only by an OMe or OCHF2 substitution at the indicated position. Figure 1 demonstrates that OCHF2 substituted analogs (ii) are consistently more potent in the JAK1 biochemical assay (described below) than the corresponding OMe analogs (i).

METHODS OF TREATMENT WITH AND USES OF JANUS KINASE INHIBITORS

The compounds of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, inhibit the activity of a Janus kinase, such as JAK1 kinase. For example, a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, inhibits the phosphorylation of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) by JAK1 kinase as well as STAT mediated cytokine production. Compounds of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, are useful for inhibiting JAK1 kinase activity in cells through cytokine pathways, such as IL-6, IL-15, IL-7, IL-2, IL-4, IL-9, IL-10, IL-13, IL-21, G-CSF, IFNalpha, IFNbeta or IFNgamma pathways. Accordingly, in one embodiment is provided a method of contacting a cell with a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, to inhibit a Janus kinase activity in the cell (e.g., JAK1 activity).

The compounds of the present invention, such as compounds of Formula (OOA), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, can be used for the treatment of immunological disorders driven by aberrant IL-6, IL-15, IL-7, IL-2, IL-4, IL9, IL-10, IL-13, IL-21, G-CSF, IFNalpha, IFNbeta or IFNgamma cytokine signaling.

Accordingly, one embodiment includes compounds of of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (OOA), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI),

(VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, for use in therapy.

In some embodiments, there is provided use a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, in the treatment of an inflammatory disease. Further provided is use of a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, for the preparation of a medicament for the treatment of an inflammatory disease, such as asthma. Also provided is a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, for use in the treatment of an inflammatory disease, such as asthma.

Another embodiment includes a method of preventing, treating or lessening the severity of a disease or condition, such as asthma, responsive to the inhibition of a Janus kinase activity, such as JAK1 kinase activity, in a patient. The method can include the step of administering to a patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468. In one embodiment, the disease or condition responsive to the inhibition of a Janus kinase, such as JAK1 kinase, is asthma.

In one embodiment, the disease or condition is cancer, stroke, diabetes, hepatomegaly, cardiovascular disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, cystic fibrosis, viral disease, autoimmune diseases, atherosclerosis, restenosis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, asthma, allergic disorders, inflammation, neurological disorders, a hormone-related disease, conditions associated with organ transplantation (e.g., transplant rejection), immunodeficiency disorders, destructive bone disorders, proliferative disorders, infectious diseases, conditions associated with cell death, thrombin-induced platelet aggregation, liver disease, pathologic immune conditions involving T cell activation, CNS disorders or a myeloproliferative disorder.

In one embodiment, the inflammatory disease is rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, contact dermatitis or delayed hypersensitivity reactions. In one embodiment, the autoimmune disease is rheumatoid arthritis, lupus or multiple sclerosis.

In one embodiment, the cancer is breast, ovary, cervix, prostate, testis, penile, genitourinary tract, seminoma, esophagus, larynx, gastric, stomach, gastrointestinal, skin, keratoacanthoma, follicular carcinoma, melanoma, lung, small cell lung carcinoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), lung adenocarcinoma, squamous carcinoma of the lung, colon, pancreas, thyroid, papillary, bladder, liver, biliary passage, kidney, bone, myeloid disorders, lymphoid disorders, hairy cells, buccal cavity and pharynx (oral), lip, tongue, mouth, salivary gland, pharynx, small intestine, colon, rectum, anal, renal, prostate, vulval, thyroid, large intestine, endometrial, uterine, brain, central nervous system, cancer of the peritoneum, hepatocellular cancer, head cancer, neck cancer, Hodgkin's or leukemia.

In one embodiment, the disease is a myeloproliferative disorder. In one embodiment, the myeloproliferative disorder is polycythemia vera, essential thrombocytosis, myelofibrosis or chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).

Another embodiment includes the use of a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of a disease described herein (e.g., an inflammatory disorder, an immunological disorder or cancer). In one embodiment, the invention provides a method of treating a disease or condition as described herein e.g., an inflammatory disorder, an immunological disorder or cancer) by targeting inhibition of a JAK kinase, such as JAK1.

COMBINATION THERAPY

The compounds of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, may be employed alone or in combination with other agents for treatment. The second compound of a pharmaceutical composition or dosing

regimen typically has complementary activities to the compound of this invention such that they do not adversely affect each other. Such agents are suitably present in combination in amounts that are effective for the purpose intended. The compounds may be administered together in a unitary pharmaceutical composition or separately and, when administered separately this may occur simultaneously or sequentially. Such sequential administration may be close or remote in time.

For example, other compounds may be combined with compounds with which the invention is concerned for the prevention or treatment of inflammatory diseases, such as asthma. Thus the present invention is also concerned with pharmaceutical compositions comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of the invention and one or more other therapeutic agents. Suitable therapeutic agents for a combination therapy with compounds of the invention include, but are not limited to: an adenosine A2A receptor antagonist; an anti-infective; a non-steroidal Glucocorticoid Receptor (GR Receptor) agonist; an antioxidant; a β2 adrenoceptor agonist; a CCR1 antagonist; a chemokine antagonist (not CCR1); a corticosteroid; a CRTh2 antagonist; a DPI antagonist; a formyl peptide receptor antagonist; a histone deacetylase activator; a chloride channel hCLCAl blocker; an epithelial sodium channel blocker (EN AC blocker; an inter-cellular adhesion molecule 1 blocker (ICAM blocker); an IKK2 inhibitor; a JNK inhibitor; a cyclooxygenase inhibitor (COX inhibitor); a lipoxygenase inhibitor; a leukotriene receptor antagonist; a dual β2 adrenoceptor agonist/M3 receptor antagonist (MABA compound); a MEK-1 inhibitor; a myeloperoxidase inhibitor (MPO inhibitor); a muscarinic antagonist; a p38 MAPK inhibitor; a phosphodiesterase PDE4 inhibitor; a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase δ inhibitor (PI3-kinase δ inhibitor); a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase γ inhibitor (PI3-kinase γ inhibitor); a peroxisome proliferator activated receptor agonist (PPARy agonist); a protease inhibitor; a retinoic acid receptor modulator (RAR γ modulator); a statin; a thromboxane antagonist; a TLR7 receptor agonist; or a vasodilator.

In addition, compounds of the invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, may be combined with: (1) corticosteroids, such as alclometasone dipropionate, amelometasone, beclomethasone dipropionate, budesonide, butixocort propionate, biclesonide, blobetasol propionate, desisobutyrylciclesonide,

dexamethasone, dtiprednol dicloacetate, fluocinolone acetonide, fluticasone furoate, fluticasone propionate, loteprednol etabonate (topical) or mometasone furoate; (2) β2-adrenoreceptor agonists such as salbutamol, albuterol, terbutaline, fenoterol, bitolterol, carbuterol, clenbuterol, pirbuterol, rimoterol, terbutaline, tretoquinol, tulobuterol and long acting 2-adrenoreceptor agonists such as metaproterenol, isoproterenol, isoprenaline, salmeterol, indacaterol, formoterol (including formoterol fumarate), arformoterol, carmoterol, abediterol, vilanterol trifenate, olodaterol; (3) corticosteroid/long acting β2 agonist combination products such as salmeterol/fluticasone propionate (Advair®, also sold as Seretide®), formoterol/budesonide (Symbicort®), formoterol/fluticasone propionate (Flutiform®), formoterol/ciclesonide, formoterol/mometasone furoate, indacaterol/mometasone furoate, vilanterol trifenate/fluticasone furoate, or arformoterol/ciclesonide; (4) anticholinergic agents, for example, muscarinic-3 (M3) receptor antagonists such as ipratropium bromide, tiotropium bromide, aclidinium (LAS-34273), glycopyrronium bromide, umeclidinium bromide; (5) M3-anticholinergic/ 2-adrenoreceptor agonist combination products such as vilanterol /umeclidinium (Anoro® Ellipta®), olodaterol/tiotropium bromide, glycopyrronium bromide/indacaterol (Ultibro®, also sold as Xoterna®), fenoterol hydrobromide/ipratropium bromide (Berodual®), albuterol sulfate/ipratropium bromide (Combivent®), formoterol fumarate/glycopyrrolate, or aclidinium bromide/formoterol (6) dual pharmacology M3-anticholinergic/ 2-adrenoreceptor agonists such as batefenterol succinate, AZD-2115 or LAS- 190792; (7) leukotriene modulators, for example, leukotriene antagonists such as montelukast, zafirulast or pranlukast or leukotriene biosynthesis inhibitors such as zileuton, or LTB4 antagonists such as amelubant, or FLAP inhibitors such as fiboflapon, GSK-2190915; (8) phosphodiesterase-IV (PDE-IV) inhibitors (oral or inhaled), such as roflumilast, cilomilast, oglemilast, rolipram , tetomilast, AVE-8112, revamilast, CHF 6001; (9) antihistamines, for example, selective histamine-1 (HI) receptor antagonists such as fexofenadine, citirizine, loratidine or astemizole or dual H1/H3 receptor antagonists such as GSK 835726, or GSK 1004723; (10) antitussive agents, such as codeine or dextramorphan; (11) a mucolytic, for example, N-acetyl cysteine or fudostein; (12) a expectorant/mucokinetic modulator, for example, ambroxol, hypertonic solutions (e.g., saline or mannitol) or surfactant; (13) a peptide mucolytic, for example,

recombinant human deoxyribonoclease I (dornase-alpha and rhDNase) or helicidin; (14) antibiotics, for example azithromycin, tobramycin or aztreonam; (15) non-selective COX-l/COX-2 inhibitors, such as ibuprofen or ketoprofen; (16) COX-2 inhibitors, such as celecoxib and rofecoxib; (17) VLA-4 antagonists, such as those described in WO97/03094 and WO97/02289, each incorporated herein by reference; (18) TACE inhibitors and TNF-oc inhibitors, for example anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies, such as Remicade® and CDP-870 and TNF receptor immunoglobulin molecules, such as Enbrel®; (19) inhibitors of matrix metalloprotease, for example MMP-12; (20) human neutrophil elastase inhibitors, such as BAY-85-8501 or those described in WO2005/026124, WO2003/053930 and WO06/082412, each incorporated herein by reference; (21) A2b antagonists such as those described in WO2002/42298, incorporated herein by reference; (22) modulators of chemokine receptor function, for example antagonists of CCR3 and CCR8; (23) compounds which modulate the action of other prostanoid receptors, for example, a thromboxane A2 antagonist; DPI antagonists such as laropiprant or asapiprant CRTH2 antagonists such as OC000459, fevipiprant, ADC 3680 or ARRY 502; (24) PPAR agonists including PPAR alpha agonists (such as fenofibrate), PPAR delta agonists, PPAR gamma agonists such as pioglitazone, rosiglitazone and balaglitazone; (25) methylxanthines such as theophylline or aminophylline and methylxanthine/corticosteroid combinations such as theophylline/budesonide, theophylline/fluticasone propionate, theophylline/ciclesonide, theophylline/mometasone furoate and theophylline/beclometasone dipropionate; (26) A2a agonists such as those described in EP1052264 and EP1241176; (27) CXCR2 or IL-8 antagonists such as AZD-5069, AZD-4721, danirixin; (28) IL-R signalling modulators such as kineret and ACZ 885; (29) MCP-1 antagonists such as ABN-912; (30) a p38 MAPK inhibitor such as BCT197, JNJ49095397, losmapimod or PH-797804; (31) TLR7 receptor agonists such as AZD 8848; (32) PI3-kinase inhibitors such as RV1729 or GSK2269557.

In some embodiments, the compounds of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, can be used in combination with one or more additional drugs, for example anti-hyperproliferative, anti-cancer,

cytostatic, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory or chemotherapeutic agents, such as those agents disclosed in U.S. Publ. Appl. No. 2010/0048557, incorporated herein by reference. A compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, can be also used in combination with radiation therapy or surgery, as is known in the art.

ARTICLES OF MANUFACTURE

Another embodiment includes an article of manufacture (e.g., a kit) for treating a disease or disorder responsive to the inhibition of a Janus kinase, such as a JAK1 kinase. The kit can comprise:

(a) a first pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468; and

(b) instructions for use.

In another embodiment, the kit further comprises:

(c) a second pharmaceutical composition, such as a pharmacueitcal composition comprising an agent for treatment as described above, such as an agent for treatment of an inflammatory disorder, or a chemotherapeutic agent.

In one embodiment, the instructions describe the simultaneous, sequential or separate administration of said first and second pharmaceutical compositions to a patient in need thereof.

In one embodiment, the first and second compositions are contained in separate containers. In another embodiment, the first and second compositions are contained in the same container.

Containers for use include, for example, bottles, vials, syringes, blister pack, etc. The containers may be formed from a variety of materials such as glass or plastic. The container includes a compound of the present invention, such as a compound of Formula (00A), (OA), (A), (la), (lb), (II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), (VIII), (IX), or (X), or a compound of Table 1 or of Examples 1-468, or composition thereof, which is effective

for treating the condition and may have a sterile access port (for example the container may be an intravenous solution bag or a vial having a stopper pierceable by a hypodermic injection needle). The label or package insert indicates that the compound or composition is used for treating the condition of choice, such as asthma or cancer. In one embodiment, the label or package inserts indicates that the compound or composition can be used to treat a disorder. In addition, the label or package insert may indicate that the patient to be treated is one having a disorder characterized by overactive or irregular Janus kinase activity, such as overactive or irregular JAK1 activity. The label or package insert may also indicate that the compound or composition can be used to treat other disorders.

Alternatively, or additionally, the kit may further comprise a second (or third) container comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable buffer, such as bacteriostatic water for injection (BWFI), phosphate-buffered saline, Ringer's solution or dextrose solution. It may further include other materials desirable from a commercial and user standpoint, including other buffers, diluents, filters, needles, and syringes.

In order to illustrate the invention, the following examples are included. However, it is to be understood that these examples do not limit the invention and are only meant to suggest a method of practicing the invention. Persons skilled in the art will recognize that the chemical reactions described may be readily adapted to prepare other compounds of the present invention, and alternative methods for preparing the compounds are within the scope of this invention. For example, the synthesis of non-exemplified compounds according to the invention may be successfully performed by modifications apparent to those skilled in the art, e.g., by appropriately protecting interfering groups, by utilizing other suitable reagents known in the art other than those described, or by making routine modifications of reaction conditions. Alternatively, other reactions disclosed herein or known in the art will be recognized as having applicability for preparing other compounds of the invention.

EXAMPLES

Although the invention has been described and illustrated with a certain degree of particularity, it is understood that the present disclosure has been made only by way of example, and that numerous changes in the combination and arrangement of parts can be resorted to by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, as defined by the claims.

General Experimental Details:

All solvents and commercial reagents were used as received unless otherwise stated. Where products were purified by chromatography on silica this was carried out using either a glass column manually packed with silica gel (Kieselgel 60, 220-440 mesh, 35-75 μπι) or an Isolute SPE Si II cartridge. 'Isolute SPE Si cartridge' refers to a prepacked polypropylene column containing unbonded activated silica with irregular particles with average size of 50 μπι and nominal 60A porosity. Where an Isolute® SCX-2 cartridge was used, 'Isolute® SCX-2 cartridge' refers to a pre-packed polypropylene column containing a non-end-capped propylsulphonic acid functionalised silica strong cation exchange sorbent.

Preparative HPLC conditions

HPLC System 1 : C18-re verse-phase column (250 x 21.2 mm Gemini column with 5 μπι particle size), eluting with a gradient of A: water + 0.1% formic acid; B: acetonitrile + 0.1 % formic acid with a flow rate typically 20 mL/min and a gradient increasing in B. UV detection at 254 nm. Compounds were obtained as the formate salt where stated.

HPLC System 2: Phenylhexyl reverse-phase column (250 x 21.2 mm Gemini column with 5 μπι particle size), eluting with a gradient of A: water + 0.1% formic acid; B: acetonitrile + 0.1 % formic acid with a flow rate typically 20 mL/min and gradient of 1 %/min increasing in B. UV detection at 254 nm. Compounds were obtained as the formate salt where stated.

HPLC System 3: C18-re verse-phase end-capped column (250 x 21.2 mm Gemini column with 5 μπι particle size), eluting with a gradient of A: water + 0.1% ammonia; B: acetonitrile + 0.1 % ammonia with a flow rate typically 20 mL/min and a gradient increasing in B. UV detection at 254 nm. Compounds were obtained as the free base.

NMR Analytical Methods

H NMR spectra were recorded at ambient temperature using one of the following:

i. Varian Unity Inova (400 MHz) spectrometer with a 400 4NUC 5 mm probe.

ii. Bruker Avance DRX400 (400 MHz) spectrometer with a PABBO 5 mm probe.

iii. Varian Unity Inova (400 MHz) spectrometer with a 5 mm inverse detection triple resonance probe.

iv. Bruker Avance DRX (400 MHz) spectrometer with a 5 mm inverse detection triple resonance TXI probe.

Chemical shifts are expressed in ppm relative to tetramethylsilane.

LC-MS Analytical Methods

LC-MS information is provided in Table 2.

LC-MS Method 1: Waters Platform LC with a C18-reverse-phase column (30 x 4.6 mm Phenomenex Luna 3 μπι particle size), elution with A: water + 0.1% formic acid; B: acetonitrile + 0.1 % formic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 2.0 95 5

0.50 2.0 95 5

4.50 2.0 5 95

5.50 2.0 5 95

6.00 2.0 95 5

Detection - MS, ELS, UV (100 μΐ split to MS with in-line UV detector)

MS ionisation method - Electrospray (positive and negative ion)

LC-MS Method 2: Waters Micromass ZMD with a C18-reverse-phase column (30 x 4.6 mm Phenomenex Luna 3 μπι particle size), elution with A: water + 0.1% formic acid; B: acetonitrile + 0.1 % formic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 2.0 95 5

0.50 2.0 95 5

4.50 2.0 5 95

5.50 2.0 5 95

6.00 2.0 95 5

Detection - MS, ELS, UV (100 μΐ split to MS with in-line UV detector)

MS ionisation method - Electrospray (positive and negative ion)

LC-MS Method 3: VG Platform II quadrupole spectrometer with a C18-re verse-phase column (30 x 4.6 mm Phenomenex Luna 3 μπι particle size), elution with A: water + 0.1% formic acid; B: acetonitrile + 0.1 % formic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 2.0 95 5

0.50 2.0 95 5

4.50 2.0 5 95

5.50 2.0 5 95

6.00 2.0 95 5

Detection - MS, ELS, UV (200μ1/πήη split to the ESI source with inline HP1050 DAD detection)

MS ionisation method - Electrospray (positive and negative ion)

LC-MS Method 4: Finnigan AQA with a C18-reverse-phase column (30 x 4.6 mm Phenomenex Luna 3 μπι particle size), elution with A: water + 0.1% formic acid; B: acetonitrile + 0.1 % formic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 2.0 95 5

0.50 2.0 95 5

4.50 2.0 5 95

5.50 2.0 5 95

6.00 2.0 95 5

Detection - MS, ELS, UV

MS ionisation method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 5: Waters Micromass ZQ2000 quadrupole mass spectrometer with a C18-reverse-phase column (100 x 2.1 mm Acquity BEH C18 1.7 μ, Acquity BEH Shield RP18 1.7 μ, or Acquity HSST3 1.8 μ) maintained at 40°C, elution with A: water + 0.1% formic acid; B: acetonitrile + 0.1 % formic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 0.4 95 5

0.40 0.4 95 5

6.00 0.4 5 95

6.80 0.4 5 95

7.00 0.4 95 5

8.00 0.4 95 5

Detection - MS, UV PDA

MS ionisation method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 6: Waters Acquity UPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (100 x 2.1mm Acquity BEH C18, 1.7μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.1% formic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.1 % formic acid at 40 °C. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 0.4 95 5

0.40 0.4 95 5

6.00 0.4 5 95

6.80 0.4 5 95

8.00 0.4 95 5

Detection - UV (220 nm)

MS ionisation method - ESI+

LC-MS Method 7: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (30 x 2.1 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 3μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.038% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.02% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 1.2 90 10

0.90 1.2 20 80

1.5 1.2 20 80

2.0 1.2 90 10

Detection - UV (220 nm)

MS ionisation method - ESI+

LC-MS Method 8: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (30 x 2.1 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 3μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.038% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.02% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 1.2 90 10

1.35 1.2 20 80

2.25 1.2 20 80

2.75 1.2 90 10

Detection - UV (220 nm)

MS ionisation method - ESI+

LC-MS Method 9: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (30 x 2.1 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 3μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.038% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.02% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 1.2 100 0

0.90 1.2 40 60

1.5 1.2 40 60

2.0 1.2 100 0

Detection - UV (220 nm)

MS ionisation method - ESI+

LC-MS Method 10: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (30 x 2.1 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 3μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.038% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.02% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 0.8 100 0

6.0 0.8 40 60

6.5 0.8 40 60

7.0 0.8 100 0

Detection - UV (220 nm)

MS ionisation method - ESI+

LC-MS Method 11 : Agilent 1200 HPLC with an Xtimate CI 8 column (3 urn, 30 x mm), elution with A: water + 0.038% trifluoroacetic acid; B: acetonitrile + 0.02% trifluoroacetic acid.

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 1.2 90 10

0.90 1.2 20 80

1.50 1.2 90 10

2.00 1.2 90 10

Detection - MS, UV (PDA detector)

MS ionisation method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 12: Agilent 1200 HPLC with an Xtimate C18 column (3 urn, 30 x 2.1 mm), elution with A: water + 0.038% trifluoroacetic acid; B: acetonitrile + 0.02% trifluoroacetic acid.

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 1.2 100 0

0.90 1.2 40 60

1.50 1.2 100 0

2.00 1.2 100 0

Detection - MS, UV (PDA detector)

MS ionisation method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 13: Agilent 1200 HPLC with an Xtimate CI 8 column (3 um, 30 x 2.1 mm), elution with A: water + 0.038% tnfluoroacetic acid; B: acetonitrile + 0.02% trifluoroacetic acid.

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.00 0.8 100 0

1.35 0.8 40 60

2.25 0.8 100 0

3.00 0.8 100 0

Detection - MS, UV (PDA detector)

MS ionisation method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 14: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 2.0 mm Shim-pack XR-ODS, 1.6μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.01 0.7 90 10

2.20 0.7 0 100

3.20 0.7 0 100

3.30 0.7 90 10

Detection - UV (254 nm)

MS ionisation method - ESI+

LC-MS Method 15: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3.0 mm Shim-pack XR-ODS, Ι.όμπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.01 1.0 95 5

3.00 1.0 20 80

3.80 1.0 20 80

3.90 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (254 nm)

MS ionisation method - ESI+

LC-MS Method 16: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a CI 8-reverse-phase column (50 x

3.0 mm Shim-pack XR-ODS, 2.2μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.01 1.0 95 5

4.20 1.0 25 75

5.20 1.0 25 75

5.30 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (254 nm)

MS ionisation method - ESI+

LC-MS Method 17: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3.0 mm Shim-pack XR-ODS, 2.2μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.01 1.0 95 5

2.20 1.0 0 100

3.20 1.0 0 100

3.30 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (254 nm)

MS ionisation method - ESI+

LC-MS Method 18: SHIMADZU LCMS-2020 HPLC column (150 x 4.6 mm Venusil XBP Silica, 5. Ομπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Hexane; solvent B:Ethanol.

Gradient - Time flow mL/min %A %B

0.01 1.0 80 20

6.00 1.0 0 100

12.0 1.0 0 100

Detection - UV (254 nm)

MS ionisation method - ESI+

LC-MS Method 19: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 2.2 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.0 95 5

2.00 1.0 0 100

3.10 1.0 0 100

3.30 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Methods 20: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 2.2 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.0 95 5

2.00 1.0 0 100

3.20 1.0 0 100

3.30 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 21 : SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 2.2 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.0 95 5

2.00 1.0 0 100

3.20 1.0 0 100

3.30 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 22: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 2.2 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.05% formic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.05% formic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.0 95 5

1.20 1.0 0 100

2.20 1.0 0 100

2.30 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 23: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 2.2 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.1% formic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.05% formic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.0 95 5

2.00 1.0 0 100

3.10 1.0 0 100

3.20 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 24: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3 mm Xtimate TM-C18, 2.2 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.04% ammonium hydroxide; solvent B: acetonitrile. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.2 95 5

1.20 1.2 0 100

2.20 1.2 0 100

2.30 1.2 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 25: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (30 x 2.1 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 3 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: water + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid; solvent B: acetonitrile + 0.05% trifluoroacetic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.0 95 5

1.10 1.0 0 100

1.60 1.0 0 100

1.70 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 26: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3.0 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 2.6 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 0.1% formic acid; solvent B: Acetonitrile /0.1% formic acid. Gradient:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.5 90 10

2.00 1.5 0 100

2.70 1.5 0 100

2.8 1.5 90 10

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 27: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x mm Xtimate TM -C18, 2.7 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 0.05% formic acid; solvent B: Acetonitrile /0.1% formic acid:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.0 95 5

2.00 1.0 5 95

2.70 1.0 5 95

2.8 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Method 28: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3.0 mm Xtimate TM -C18, 2.5 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 5 mM NH4HCO3; solvent B: Acetonitrile:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.5 90 10

2.10 1.5 5 95

2.70 1.5 5 95

3.0 1.5 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Methods 29: SHIMADZU LCMS-2020 CI 8 reverse-phase column (50 x 3.0 mm, Shim-pack XR-ODS , 2.5 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 0.05% TFA3; solvent B: Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.0 95 5

2.20 1.0 5 95

3.20 1.0 5 95

3.30 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Methods 30: SHIMADZU LCMS-2020 C18 reverse-phase column (50 x 2.1mm, Shiseido CAPCELL CORE CI 8 , 2.7 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 0.05% TFA3; solvent B: Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.0 95 5

2.0 1.0 5 95

2.75 1.0 5 95

2.80 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Methods 31 : SHIMADZU LCMS-2020 C18 reverse-phase column (50 x 2.1 Waters BEH C18 , 1.7 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 0.1% TFA3; solvent B: Acetonitrile/0.1 % TFA:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 0.7 90 10

3.50 0.7 5 95

4.60 0.7 5 95

4.70 0.7 90 10

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Methods 32: SHIMADZU LCMS-2020 C18 reverse-phase column (50 x 3.0 mm, Gemini-NX 3μ CI 8 110A , 3.0 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 6.5 mM NH4HCO3 pH10; solvent B: Acetonitrile

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.2 95 5

0.50 1.2 95 5

2.20 1.2 5 95

3.00 1.2 5 95

3.20 1.2 90 10

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Methods 33: SHIMADZU LCMS-2020 C18 reverse-phase column (50 x 2.1mm, Waters BEH CI 8 , 1.7 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 0.05% TFA3; solvent B: Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 0.7 95 5

2.00 0.7 5 95

2.60 0.7 5 95

2.70 0.7 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Methods 34: SHIMADZU LCMS-2020 C18 reverse-phase column (50 x 2.1mm, Waters BEH CI 8 , 1.7 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 0.05% TFA3; solvent B: Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 0.7 95 5

4.00 0.7 20 80

5.00 0.7 20 80

5.20 0.7 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Methods 35: SHIMADZU LCMS-2020 CI 8 reverse-phase column (50 x 3.0 mm, Shim-pack XR-ODS , 2.2 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 0.05% TFA3; solvent B: Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.0 95 5

3.20 1.0 40 60

3.80 1.0 0 100

4.70 1.0 0 100

4.80 1.0 95 5

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

LC-MS Methods 36: SHIMADZU 20A HPLC with a C18-reverse-phase column (50 x 3.0 mm, Gemini-NX 3μ C18 110A , 3.0 μπι particle size), elution with solvent A: Water / 5 mM NH4HC03; solvent B: Acetonitrile:

Gradient - Time flow ml/min %A %B

0.00 1.2 90 10

4.00 1.2 40 60

5.20 1.2 40 60

5.30 1.2 90 10

Detection - UV (220 and 254 nm)

MS ionization method - Electrospray (positive ion)

I X VMS Methods 37: Agilent 10-min LCMS method:

Experiments performed on an Agilent 1100 HPLC coupled with Agilent MSD mass spectrometer using ESI as ionization source. The LC separation was using a Phenomenex XB-C18, 1.7um, 50 x 2.1 mm column with a 0.4 ml / minute flow rate. Solvent A is water with 0.1 % FA and solvent B is acetonitrile with 0.1 % FA. The gradient consisted with 2 - 98% solvent B over 7 min and hold 97%B for 1.5 min following equilibration for 1.5 min. LC column temperature is 40 °C. UV absorbance was collected at 220nm and 254nm and mass spec full scan was applied to all experiments.

LC/MS Methods 38: Waters 10-min LCMS method:

Experiments performed on a Waters Acquity UPLC with Waters LCT Premier XE mass spectrometer using ESI as ionization source. The LC separation was using an Acquity UPLC BEH C I 8. 1.7um, 2.1x50mm column and a 0.6 ml/minute flow rate. Solvent A is water with 0.05% TFA and solvent B is acetonitrile with 0.05% TFA. The gradient consisted of 2 - 98% solvent B over 7 min and hold 98%B for 1.5 min following equilibration for 1.5 min. LC column temperature is 40 °C. UV absorbance was collected at 220nm and 254nm and mass spec full scan was applied to all experiments.

LC/MS Methods 39: Shimadzu 5-min LCMS method:

Experiments performed on a Shimad/u LC with LC-30AD solvent pump. SPD-M30A UV detector and 2020 MS using both ESI and APCI as ionization source. The LC separation was using a Waters UPLC BEH CI 8, 1.7mm, 2.1x50mm column and a 0.7 ml/minute flow rate. Solvent A is water with 0.1% FA and solvent B is acetonitrile with 0.1% FA. The gradient consisted of 2 - 98% solvent B over 4.5 min and hold 98%B for 0.5 min following equilibration for 0.5 min. LC column temperature is 40 °C. UV absorbance was collected at 254nm and mass spec full scan was applied to all

experiments.

Preparative mass directed automated purification conditions

MDAP Method 1 : Agilent 1260 infinity purification system. Agilent 6100 series single Quadrupole LC/MS. XSEELECT CSH Prep CI 8 5μπι OBD, 30X150mm, RT. Elution with solvent A: 0.1% aqueous formic acid; solvent B: 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile 60ml/min. 10%-95%, 22min, centred around a specific focused gradient. Injection of a 20-60mg/ml solution in DMSO (+ optional formic acid and water)

MDAP Method 2: Agilent 1260 infinity purification system. Agilent 6100 series single Quadrupole LC/MS. XBridge Prep CI 8 5μπι OBD, 30X150mm, RT. Elution with solvent A: 0.1% aqueous ammonia; solvent B: 0.1% ammonia in acetonitrile 60ml/min. 10% -95%, 22min, centred around a specific focused gradient. Injection of a 20-60mg/ml solution in DMSO (+ optional formic acid and water)

Abbreviations

CH3OD Deuterated Methanol

CDCI3 Deuterated Chloroform

DCM Dichloromethane

DIPEA Diisopropylethylamine

DMAP 4-Dimethylaminopyridine

DMF Dimethylformamide

DMSO Dimethylsulfoxide

DMvSO-J<5 Deuterated dimethylsulfoxide

EtOAc Ethyl acetate

EtOH Ethanol

HO Ac Acetic acid

g Gram

HATU (0-(7-azabenzotriazol- 1 -yl)-N,N,N' ,Ν' - tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate)

HC1 Hydrochloric acid

IMS Industrial methylated spirits

L Litre

MDAP Mass directed automated purification

MeOH Methanol

mg Milligram

mL Millilitre

SCX-2 Strong cation exchange

THF Tetrahydrofuran

TFA Trifluoroacetic acid

Example A

Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-lH- pyrazol-4-yl] amide

To a solution of 2-bromo-4-chlorophenol (4.98 g, 24.0 mmol) in DMF (25 mL) was added sodium chlorodifluoroacetate (8.42 g, 55.2 mmol), cesium carbonate (10.97 g, 33.67 mmol) and water (2.5 mL). The reaction was stirred at 100 °C for 16 hours. The reaction mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water, the organic portion washed with brine, dried (MgS04), and evaporated. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 0-20% EtOAc in heptanes to yield 2-bromo-4-chloro-l-(difluoromethoxy)benzene as a clear, colorless oil (2.98 g, 48%). LCMS (ESI) no m/z signal; XH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 7.90 (d, 1H), 7.54 (dd, 1H), 7.38 (d, 1H), 7.28 (t, 1H).

To a solution of 4-nitro-l-(2-trimethylsilanylethoxymethyl)-lH-pyrazole (preparation described in WO2011003065) (46.5 g, 191 mmol) in DMA (350 mL) was added 2-bromo-4-chloro-l-difluoromethoxybenzene (64.0 g, 248 mmol), palladium (II) acetate (2.15 g, 9.6 mmol), di-(adamantyl)-n-butylphosphine (5.0 g, 13.4 mmol), potassium carbonate (79.2 g, 573 mmol) and trimethylacetic acid (5.27 g, 51.6 mmol). The mixture was degassed with nitrogen for 10 minutes then heated at 130 °C for 8 hours. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with water and brine, dried (MgS04), filtered and evaporated. The resultant crude material was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 0-10% EtOAc in cyclohexane to afford 5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-nitro-l-(2-trimethylsilanylethoxymethyl)-lH-pyrazole (62.4 g, 78%). XH NMR (400MHz, CDC13) δ: (ppm) 8.24 (s, 1H), 7.52-7.53 (m, 2H), 6.39 (t, 1H), 5.29 - 5.30 (m, 2H), 3.63 - 3.64 (m, 2H), 0.90 (s, 9H).

To a solution of 5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-nitro-l-(2-trimethylsilanylethoxymethyl)-lH-pyrazole (62 g, 148 mmol) in ethanol (600 niL) was added water (200 niL), ammonium chloride (32 g, 590 mmol) and iron powder (41 g, 740 mmol). The mixture was heated at 80 °C for 2 hours then allowed to cool to room temperature. The residual solid was removed by filtration through Celite . The filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure, diluted with water and extracted twice with DCM. The combined organic extracts were washed with water and brine, dried (MgS04) and evaporated to afford a dark oil. The oil was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 0-25% EtOAc in DCM. Appropriate fractions were collected and the solvent removed in-vacuo to afford 5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l-(2-trimethylsilanyl-ethoxymethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-ylamine as a brown oil (30.8 g, 54%). 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC13) δ: (ppm) 7.56 (d, 1H), 7.44 (dd, 1H), 7.34 (s, 1H), 7.30 - 7.25 (m, 1H), 6.37 (t, 1H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 3.56 (t, 2H), 0.88 (dd, 2H), 0.00 (s, 9H).

A solution of 5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l-(2-trimethylsilanyl-ethoxymethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-ylamine (60.0g, 154 mmol) in THF (100 mL) was added dropwise over 30 minutes to an ice/water cooled mixture of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl chloride (27.8 g, 153 mmol), and DIPEA (49.5 g, 383 mmol) in THF (300 mL). On complete addition the mixture was left to stir at room temperature for 1 hour. The solvent was evaporated and the residue diluted with 0.5 N aqueous HC1 and extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extract was passed through Celite® to remove the residual solid and the filtrate washed with 1M aqueous K2CO3, water and brine, dried (Na2S04) and evaporated to give a red solid. The solid was triturated with 10% diethyl ether in cyclohexane. The solid was collected by filtration, washed with 1 : 1 diethyl ether in cyclohexane and left to air dry to afford pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)- 1 -(2-trimethylsilanylethoxymethyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]amide as an off-white solid (59.2 g, 73%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC13): δ (ppm) 9.61 (s, 1H), 8.77-8.78 (m, 1H), 8.51 (dd, 1H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, 1H), 7.52 (dd, 1H), 7.36 (d, 1H), 7.29 (s, 1H), 7.01 (dd, 1H), 6.42 (t, 1H), 5.39-5.41 (m, 2H), 3.60-3.64 (m, 2H), 0.87-0.89 (m, 2H), 0.09 (s, 9H).

A suspension of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l-(2-trimethylsilanylethoxymethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl] amide (59.0 g, 110 mmol) in methanol (420 mL) was treated with 6N HC1 (80 mL) and the mixture heated at 60 °C for 4 hours. The solvent was evaporated and the residue triturated with water. The solid was collected by filtration, washed with water and left to air dry. The solid was triturated with a minimum volume of acetonitrile, collected by filtration, washed with diethyl ether and dried at 60°C under high vacuum to afford the title compound as a yellow solid (42.9 g, 96%). XH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.71 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H), 8.68 - 8.69 (m, 1H), 8.66 (s, 1H), 8.25 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 2H), 7.43 - 7.46 (m, 1H), 7.29 (dd, 1H), 7.23 (d, 1H).

Example B


tert-Butyl (3-((3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4- yl)carbamoyl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidin-2-yl)carbamate

To a solution of compound 2-tert-butoxycarbonylamino-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid (2.78 g, 0.01 mol) in DMF (40 mL) was added DIPEA (3.9 g, 0.03 mol), HATU (3.8 g, 0.01 mol) and 5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-ylamine (2.6 g, 0.01 mmol), and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was poured into water and the precipitate was collected to give the target compound as a solid (4 g, 77%). LCMS (Method 7) [M+Na]+ = 541.9, RT = 1.20 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 13.13 (s, 1H), 9.58 (s, 2H), 9.2 (dd, 1H, J = 7.2, 1.6 Hz), 8.58 (d, 1H, J = 2), 8.27 (s, 1H), 7.60 (m, 2H), 7.23 - 7.04 (m, 3H), 1.48 (s, 9H).

Example C


{3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carbonyl)amino]pyrazol- 1 -yl } acetic acid

A solution of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl] amide (42.0 g, 104 mmol) in DMF (400 mL) was treated with cesium carbonate (37.2 g, 114 mmol) and tert-butyl-bromoacetate (22.3 g, 114 mmol) and was left to stir at room temperature for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extract was washed with water and brine, dried (Na2S04), filtered and evaporated to afford an orange solid. The resultant solid was triturated with diethyl ether then recrystallised from acetone to afford a white solid (33.2 g, 62%). The mother liquors were combined and evaporated to afford an orange oil. The residual oil was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 0-50% EtOAc in DCM. Appropriate fractions were combined and evaporated to afford a white solid (12.3 g, 23%). Combined yield of {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid tert-butyl ester (45.2 g, 85%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 519.1, RT = 3.72 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC13) δ: (ppm) 9.86 (s, 1H), 8.75 - 8.76 (m, 2H), 8.56 (dd, 1H), 8.40 (s, 1H), 7.70 (d, 1H), 7.42 (dd, 1H), 6.99 (dd, 1H), 6.47 (t, 1H), 4.86 (s, 2H), 1.49 (s, 9H).

To a solution of {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid tert-butyl ester (45.0 g, 86.7 mmol) in dichloromethane (350 mL) was added TFA (100 mL) and the mixture left to stir at room temperature for 18 hours. The solvent was evaporated and the resultant residue triturated with diethyl ether. The resultant solid was collected by filtration, washed with diethyl ether and left to air dry to afford the title compound as a white solid (40.0 g, 99%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 463.1, RT = 2.89 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC13) δ: (ppm) 9.86 (s, 1H), 8.78 (dd, 1H), 8.71 (s, 1H), 8.56 (dd, 1H), 8.40 (s, 1H), 7.70 (d, 1H), 7.42 (dd, 1H), 7.30 (s, 1H), 6.99 (dd, 1H), 6.47 (t, 1H), 4.86 (s, 2H), 1.49 (s, 9H).

Example D


[4-[(2-Amino-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)-amino]-3-(5-chloro-2- difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-pyrazol-l-yl]-acetic acid

A solution of tert-butyl (3-((3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-lH-pyrazol- 4-yl)carbamoyl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidin-2-yl)carbamate (1.0 g, 1.92 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was treated with cesium carbonate (0.69 g, 2.12 mmol) and tert-butyl-bromoacetate (0.43 g, 2.12 mmol) and was left to stir at room temperature for 2.5 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and the resultant precipitate was collected by filtration. The resultant solid was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 0-70% EtOAc in cyclohexane. Appropriate fractions were combined and evaporated to afford [4-[(2-tert-butoxycarbonylamino-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3-carbonyl)-amino]-3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-pyrazol-l-yl]-acetic acid tert-butyl ester as a white solid (0.91 g, 74%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 633.9, RT = 4.46 min. lH NMR (400MHz, CDCI3) δ: (ppm) 9.78 (s, 1H), 9.70 (s, 1H), 8.76 (dd, 1H, J = 1.8, 6.8 Hz), 8.47 (dd, 1H, J = 1.8, 4.3 Hz), 8.34 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, 1H, J = 2.5 Hz), 7.41 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 6.92 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.9 Hz), 6.47 (t, 1H, J = 74.0 Hz), 4.85 (s, 2H), 1.56 (s, 9H), 1.49 (s, 9H).

To a solution of [4-[(2-tert-butoxycarbonylarrdno-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)-amino]-3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-pyrazol-l-yl]-acetic acid tert-

butyl ester (0.91 g, 1.43 mmol) in dichloromethane (7 mL) was added TFA (15 mL) and the mixture left to stir at room temperature for 6 hours. The solvent was evaporated and the resultant residue azeotroped with dichlromethane/methanol to afford the title compound as a pale yellow solid (0.66 g, 97%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 477.8, RT = 2.95 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 13.15 (br s, 1H), 9.56 (s, 1H), 8.93 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.8 Hz), 8.37 - 8.34 (m, 1H), 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.9 Hz), 7.26 (t, 1H, J = 73.4 Hz), 7.00 (dd, 1H, J = 4.5, 6.8 Hz), 6.58 (br s, 2H), 5.05 (s, 2H).

Example E


Pyrazolo[ l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)- thiazol-5-yl]-amide

Sodium hydride (60% dispersion in mineral oil, 2.17 g, 54.2 mmol) was added portionwise to a stirred solution of l-(5-chloro-2-methoxy-phenyl)-ethanone (10.0 g, 54.2 mmol) in THF (100 mL) at 0 °C. The mixture was then stirred for 10 minutes before addition of diethyl carbonate (7.68 g, 65.0 mmol) and then for an additional 1 hour. The mixture was warmed to room temperature for 2 hours and then heated to 65 °C for 2 hours. Diethyl ether was added, the organics washed with water and brine, then evaporated to dryness. The resultant residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (50 to 100% dichloromethane in cyclohexane) to yield 3.41 g of ethyl 3-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxopropanoate. LCMS (method 1) [M+H]+ = 257.2, RT = 3.55 min. Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ (ppm) 7.59 (d, 1H), 7.38 (dd, 1H), 6.89 (d, 1H), 4.18 (q, 2H), 3.95 (s, 2H), 3.88 (s, 3H), 1.24 (t, 3H).

Bromine (0.70 mL, 13.6 mmol) was added to a solution of ethyl 3-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxopropanoate (3.39 g, 13.2 mmol) in dioxane (25 mL) and stirred for

1 hour. The reaction was poured onto ice water, extracted with ethyl acetate, the organics washed with water and brine and evaporated to dryness to give ethyl 2-bromo-3-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxopropanoate. LCMS (method 1) [M+H]+ = 337.2, RT = 3.84 min.

A mixture of ethyl 2-bromo-3-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxopropanoate

(assumed to be 13.2 mmol) and thiourea (1.01 g, 13.3 mmol) in ethanol (25 mL) were heated to reflux for 3 hours, then cooled to room temperature for 18 hours. The resultant solid was removed by filtration and the filtrate evaporated under vacuum. DCM was added to the residue, the organics washed with sodium hydrogen carbonate (sat.aq.), water and brine, and evaporated to dryness. The residue was triturated (DCM) to give ethyl 2-amino-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazole-5-carboxylate (1.30 g, 31 %) as a yellow solid. LCMS (method 1 ) [M+H]+ = 313.2, RT = 3.15 min. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6): δ (ppm) 7.77 (s, br, 2H), 7.39 (dd, 1H), 7.22 (d, 1H), 7.05 (d, 1H), 4.00 (q, 2H), 3.70 (s, 3H), 1.04 (t, 3H).

Copper bromide (1.07 g, 4.79 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 mL) was degassed with nitrogen and cooled to 0 °C before addition of tert-butyl nitrite (0.80 mL, 6.00 mmol), then a suspension of ethyl 2-amino-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazole-5-carboxylate (1.25 g, 3.99 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 mL) was added and stirred at room temperature for 18 hours. The reaction was concentrated under vacuum, ethyl acetate added, the organics washed with sodium hydrogen carbonate (sat.aq.) and brine, then evaporated to dryness to give ethyl 2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazole-5-carboxylate (1.40 g, 93%). LCMS (method 1) [M+H]+ = 378.1 , RT = 4.26 min. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6): δ (ppm) 7.50 (dd, 1H), 7.42 (d, 1H),7.14 (d, 1H), 4.16 (q, 2H), 3.73 (s, 3H), 1.12 (t, 3H).

A mixture of ethyl 2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazole-5-carboxylate

(1.40 g, 3.72 mmol), potassium hydroxide (278 mg) in THF (40 mL) and water (10 mL) was stirred for 20 hours at ambient temperature. The mixture was treated with 1M HC1 aq. (ca. 8 mL, 2 eq.), DCM was added, and the organics separated and evaporated to dryness to give 2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazole-5-carboxylic acid (1.23 g, 95%) as a yellow solid. LCMS (method 2) [M+H]+ = 350.1 , RT = 3.28 min. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-Je): δ (ppm) 7.47 (dd, 1H), 7.39 (d, 1H), 7.13 (d, 1H), 3.73 (s, 3H).

2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazole-5-carboxylic acid (1.22 g, 3.50 mmol), diphenylphosphoryl azide (963 mg, 3.50 mmol) and triethyl amine (354 mg, 3.50 mmol) in tert-butanol (30 mL) were stirred at 85 °C for 4 hours. After cooling, the reaction was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water, the organics separated then washed with brine, and evaporated to dryness. The resulting residues were purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (50 to 100% dichloromethane in cyclohexane) to yield tert-butyl 2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazol-5-ylcarbamate (970 mg, 66%). LCMS (method 1) [M+H-lBu]+ = 364.8, RT = 4.61 min. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6): δ (ppm) 7.43 (dd, 1H), 7.30 (d, 1H), 7.11 (d, 1H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 1.45 (s, 9H).

TFA (4.0 mL) was added to a solution of tert-butyl 2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazol-5-ylcarbamate (360 mg, 0.86 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) and water (3 drops). The reaction mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours at room temperature and then evaporated to dryness. The residue was taken up into DCM and washed with sodium hydrogen carbonate (sat.aq.), water and brine, and concentrated under vacuum to give 2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazol-5 -amine as an orange residue. LCMS (method 1) [M+H]+ = 321.3, RT = 3.63 min. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6): δ (ppm)

7.36 (d, 1H), 7.34 - 7.32 (m, 1H), 7.10 (d, 1H), 3.83 (s, 3H).

Using 2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazol-5-amine and pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl chloride the title compound was prepared following the synthetic procedures described for pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl] amide with further purification by flash chromatography on silica gel (0 to 40% ethyl acetate in DCM) to give N-(2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)thiazol-5-yl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3-carboxamide. LCMS (method 1) [M+H]+ = 465.8, RT = 4.01 min. Ή NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6): δ 10.68 (s, br, 1H), 9.41 (dd, 1H), 8.78 (s, 1H), 8.76 (dd, 1H), 7.57 (dd, 1H), 7.50 (d, 1H),

7.37 - 7.34 (m, 2H), 3.81 (s, 3H).

To a solution of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-methoxy-phenyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide (4.3 g, 9.3 mmol) in DCM (90 mL) at -78 °C under an atmosphere of N2 was added boron tribromide (1M in DCM, 45 mL, 45 mmol) dropwise. The mixture was stirred at -78 °C for 1 hour and then allowed slowly to room temperature and stirred for a further 16 hours. The mixture was poured cautiously onto an aqueous solution of sodium hydrogen carbonate, stirred for 15 mins, filtered and the solid collected and dried to afford pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-hydroxy-phenyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide as a beige solid (6g, >100%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 450.1, RT = 3.71 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: 15.96 (s, 1H), 9.18 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.9 Hz), 8.70 (dd, 1H, J = 1.8, 4.0 Hz), 8.59 (s, 1H), 7.80 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.15 (dd, 1H, J = 4.0, 7.1 Hz), 7.05 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.6 Hz), 6.77 (d, 1H, J = 8.6 Hz).

To a solution of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-hydroxy-phenyl)-thiazol-5-yl] -amide (1.1 g, 2.4 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) and water (2 mL) was added cesium carbonate (1.1 g, 3.4 mmol) and then sodium chlorodifluoroacetate (839 mg, 5.5 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 16 hours before further cesium carbonate (2.2 g, 6.8 mmol) and sodium chlorodifluoroacetate (1.7 g, 11 mmol) was added and stirring continued at 100 °C for 6 hours. The mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water and the phases separated. The organic layer was washed with brine. The combined aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate once and the combined organic layer dried (Na2S04), filtered and evaporated. The resultant residue was purified by flash chromatograpy on silica eluting with 50% ethyl acetate in cyclohexane to give the title compound as a yellow solid (710 mg, 59%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 500.1, RT = 3.97 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: 10.84 (s, 1H), 9.42 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.9 Hz), 8.79 (s, 1H), 8.66 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 4.3 Hz), 7.76 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.51 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.36 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.0 Hz), 7.22 (t, 1H, J = 73.1 Hz).

Example 1


Pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l- piperidin-4-yl- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl] amide hydrochloride

Pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)- lH-pyrazol-4-yl] amide (200 mg, 0.49 mmol) was dissolved in DMF (5 mL), 4-(toluene-4-sulfonyloxy)piperidine-l -carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (263 mg, 0.74 mmol) and cesium carbonate (240 mg, 0.74 mmol) were added and the mixture heated at 90 °C for 2 hours. The mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with water and extracted with DCM (x3). The combined organic extract was washed with brine, dried (Na2S04), filtered and evaporated. The resultant yellow oil was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 0-2% MeOH in DCM. The appropriate fractions were collected and evaporated to afford 4-{ 3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l -yl }piperidine-l -carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester a yellow oil. The crude product was taken onto the next step without further purification. LCMS (Method 4) [M+Na]+ = 610.0; RT = 4.30 min.

4-{ 3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l -yl}piperidine-l -carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (600 mg, 0.97 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (3 mL) and TFA (3 mL) was added. The mixture was allowed to stir at room temperature for 30 minutes. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. Evaporation gave a glass which was purified by HPLC (Method 3). Appropriate fractions were combined and evaporated to afford an off-white solid. The solid was dissolved in MeOH and 1.25M methanolic HCl (1 mL) was added. The solvent was evaporated, azeotroped three times with methanol and triturated with ethyl acetate to afford the title compound as an off-white solid (144 mg, 28%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 488.0, P T = 2.93 min. lH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.35 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.0 Hz), 8.98 (d, 1H, J = 9.9 Hz), 8.69 (dd, 1H, J = 1.7, 4.3 Hz), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.65 - 7.62 (m, 2H), 7.30 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.2 Hz), 7.26 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 4.66 - 4.57 (m, 1H), 3.47 - 3.42 (m, 2H), 3.17 - 3.03 (m, 2H), 2.32 - 2.18 (m, 4H).

Example 2


2-Amino-pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy- phenyl)-l-piperidin-4-yl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl] -amide

The title compound was prepared from tert-butyl (3-((3-(5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)carbamoyl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidin-2-yl) carbamate following the procedure outlined in Example 1 to afford an amber solid. LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 503.3, RT = 2.32 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.55 (s, 1H), 8.93 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.8 Hz), 8.37 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 4.5 Hz), 8.29 (s, 1H), 7.64 - 7.58 (m, 2H), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.25 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 7.00 (dd, 1H, J = 4.5, 6.7 Hz), 6.57 (s, 2H), 4.33 - 4.22 (m, 1H), 3.07 (d, 2H, J = 12.6 Hz), 2.66 - 2.57 (m, 2H), 2.06 - 1.96 (m, 2H), 1.89 - 1.75 (m, 2H).

Example 3


Cis-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)l- [2-(5-methylhexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}amide

A solution of {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (20.0 g, 43.2 mmol) in DMF

(150 niL) was treated with DIPEA (6.7 g, 5.2 mmol), cis-2-methyloctahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (6.27 g, 49.7 mmol) and HATU (18.9 g, 49.7 mmol) and the mixture left to stir at room temperature for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was diluted with 0.5M aqueous K2CO3 solution and extracted with ethyl acetate (x2). The combined organic extract was washed with water (x2) and brine, dried (Na2S04) and evaporated to afford a solid. The resultant solid was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 0-10% 2M NHs/MeOH in DCM. Collecting appropriate fractions, followed by evaporation gave the title compound as a cream solid (17.1 g, 69%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 570.9, RT = 2.82. lU NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.70 (s, 1H), 9.30 (dd, 1H, J = 7.0, 1.6 Hz), 8.62 -8.63 (m, 2H), 8.27 (s, 1H), 7.59 (dd, 1H, J = 8.8, 2.7 Hz), 7.52 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.42 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.25 (dd, 1H, J = 7.0, 4.2 Hz), 7.1 1 (t, 1H, J = 73.3 Hz), 5.07 (d, 2H, J = 5.9 Hz), 3.69 (dd, 1H, J = 10.8, 8.6 Hz), 3.56 (dd, 1H, J = 12.2, 8.8 Hz), 3.36 (dd, 1H, J = 10.8, 4.4 Hz), 3.22 (dd, 1H, J = 12.3, 4.5 Hz), 2.45 - 2.46 (m, 3H), 2.37 - 2.39 (m, 3H), 2.17 (s, 3H).

Example 4


Cis-pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid { 3-(5-chloro-2- difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l -[2-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl } amide

{ 3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l -yl} acetic acid (3.35 g, 7.25 mmol) was dissolved in DMF (30 mL) and HATU (2.85 g, 9.42 mmol) was added. cis-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (2.0 g, 9.42 mmol) and DIPEA (1.63 mL, 9.42 mmol) were added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 17 hours. The volatiles were evaporated and the resultant residue azeotroped with toluene. The solid was

partitioned between water and DCM and the organic layer was separated, dried (Na2S04) and evaporated. The residue was dissolved in DCM (10 niL) and TFA (10 niL) was added. The solution was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours and then evaporated. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. The solvent was evaporated and the product was crystallised from MeOH/Et20. The desired product was obtained as an off-white solid (3.7 g, 90%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 556.9, RT = 2.83 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.35 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.0 Hz), 9.38 - 9.22 (m, 2H), 8.69 (dd, 2H, J = 1.7, 4.2 Hz), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.64 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.8 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.6 Hz), 7.47 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.30 (dd, 2H, J = 4.3, 7.0 Hz), 7.27 (t, 1H, J = 73.4 Hz), 5.15 (s, 2H), 3.80 - 3.67 (m, 2H), 3.65 - 3.53 (m, 2H), 3.49 - 3.32 (m, 3H), 3.16 - 2.94 (m, 4H).

Example 5


.HCI

Cis pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2- difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l-[2-(5ethyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2- oxoethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl } amide hydrochloride

To a solution of cis-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l-[2-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl } amide (100 mg, 0.18 mmol) in acetonitrile (4 mL) was added potassium carbonate (37 mg, 0.27 mmol) and bromoethane (20 μΤ, 0.27 mmol). The reaction was heated at 50 °C for 2 hours and then allowed to cool to room temperature. The mixture was applied directly to an SCX-2 cartridge. Elution with 2M ammonia in MeOH gave the

desired product. The product was purified by HPLC (Method 1) and the pure fractions were combined as passed through an SCX-2 cartridge. Elution with 2M ammonia in MeOH gave the free base on evaporation of the solvent. The solid was dissolved in 1.25M methanolic HC1 and then the volatiles were evaporated. The HC1 salt was crystallised from MeOH/Et20 and obtained as a white solid (32 mg, 40%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 585.0, RT = 2.88 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.44 (d, 1H, J = 35.0 Hz), 9.79 - 9.74 (m, 1H), 9.35 (dd, 1H, J = 1.3, 7.0 Hz), 8.69 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 4.2 Hz), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.31 (d, 1H, J = 3.8 Hz), 7.64 (dd, 1H, J = 2.5, 8.8 Hz), 7.57 (d, 1H, J = 2.6 Hz), 7.47 (d, 1H, J = 8.9 Hz), 7.30 (dd, 1H, J = 4.3, 7.0 Hz), 7.27 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 5.22 - 5.10 (m, 2H), 3.43 (s, 12H), 3.84 - 2.77 (m, 12H), 1.29 - 1.19 (m,

3H).

Example 6


Cis-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2- difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l-[2-(5-cyclopropylmethylhexahydropyrrolo[3,4- c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl } amide

To a solution of cis-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l-[2-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl } amide (100 mg, 0.18 mmol) in 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (3 mL) was added cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (67 μΕ, 0.90 mmol). After stirring at room temperature for 15 minutes, sodium borohydride (21 mg, 0.54 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 90 °C for 2 hours. MeOH was added to quench the reaction and the mixture was loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. Evaporation gave a

crude product which was purified by HPLC (Method 1). The pure fractions loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. Evaporation gave the title compound as a free base which was crystallised from MeOH/Et20 and obtained as a yellow solid (55 mg, 50%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 611.1, RT = 3.02 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.94 - 10.88 (m, 1H), 9.57 - 9.55 (m, 1H), 8.95 - 8.92 (m, 1H), 8.38 - 8.35 (m, 1H), 8.29 - 8.28 (m, 1H), 7.65 - 7.61 (m, 1H), 7.56 - 7.54 (m, 1H), 7.47 (d, 1H, J = 8.9 Hz), 7.45 - 7.07 (m, 1H), 7.08 (d, 1H, J = 1.9 Hz), 7.02 - 6.99 (m, 1H), 5.24 - 5.07 (m, 2H), 3.86 - 3.52 (m, 5H), 3.52 - 3.22 (m, 2H), 3.17 - 3.11 (m, 1H), 3.07 - 3.00 (m, 2H), 3.00 - 2.79 (m, 1H), 1.27 - 1.01 (m, 1H), 0.63 - 0.56 (m, 2H), 0.42 - 0.34 (m, 2H). (Atropisomers present)

Example 7


5-Amino-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy- phenyl)-l-[2-((3aR,6aS)-5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-oxo- ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl } -amide hydrochloride

A mixture of 5-chloro-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl chloride (500 mg, 2.3 mmol) (prepared according to the procedure in Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 55(22), 10090-10107; 2012) and 5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l-(2-trimethylsilanyl-ethoxymethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-ylamine (868 mg, 2.3 mmol) were suspended in triethylamine (0.35 mL, 2.5 mmol) and DCM (10 mL) and the mixture was left to stir at room temperature for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with dichloromethane and the resultant organic layer was washed with saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution, and brine, dried (Na2S04) and evaporated to afford an oil. The resultant oil was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 0-2% MeOH in DCM. Collecting appropriate fractions, followed by evaporation gave 5-chloro-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l-(2-trimethylsilanyl-ethoxymethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-amide as a brown oil (1.19 g, 91%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.07 (s, 1H), 8.72 (s, 1H), 8.67 (d, 1H, J = 7.3 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.60 (d, 1H, J = 2.3 Hz), 7.51 (dd, 1H, J = 2.6, 8.8 Hz), 7.38 (d, 1H, J = 8.9 Hz), 6.95 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 6.43 (t, 1H, J = 72.8 Hz), 5.41 (d, 1H, J = 10.9 Hz), 5.31 (d, 1H, J = 11.0 Hz), 3.76 - 3.49 (m, 2H), 1.27 (s, 1H), 0.94 - 0.84 (m, 2H), 0.00 (s, 9H).

5-chloro-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)- 1 -(2-trimethylsilanyl-ethoxymethyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl] -amide (756 mg, 1.32 mmol) was dissolved in THF (10 mL) and concentrated aqueous ammonia (10 mL) added. The mixture was heated at 50 °C for 3 hours then allowed to cool to ambient temperature. The solvent was evaporated and the residue azeotroped with methanol (x2) to afford 5-amino-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3-carboxylic acid [5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l-(2-trimethylsilanyl-ethoxymethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-amide as a white solid (724 mg, 99%). LCMS (Method 4) [M+H]+ = 549.9, RT = 4.11 min.

A suspension of 5-amino-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [5-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l-(2-trimethylsilanyl-ethoxymethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-amide (720 mg, 1.31 mmol) in methanol (20 mL) was treated with concentrated aqueous HC1 (3 mL) and the mixture heated at 80 °C for 1 hour. The solvent was evaporated and the residue azeotroped with methanol (x3). The resultant solid was triturated with ethyl acetate, collected by filtration, washed with ethyl acetate and diethyl ether and left to air dry. The residual solid was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 0-12% 2M NH3/MeOH in DCM. Collecting appropriate fractions, followed by evaporation gave 5-amino-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-amide as a brown solid (378 mg, 69%). LCMS (Method 4) [M+H]+ = 419.9, RT = 2.93

5-Amino-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-amide was converted to the title compound

following the procedures outlined in Example C and Example 1 to afford a white solid. LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 586.0, RT = 2.58 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.35 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.1 Hz), 9.38 - 9.21 (m, 2H), 8.69 (dd, 1H, J = 1.7, 4.3 Hz), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.64 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.8 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.6 Hz), 7.48 (d, 1H, J = 8.6 Hz), 7.30 (dd, 1H, J = 4.3, 6.9 Hz), 7.27 (t, 1H, J = 73.3 Hz), 5.15 (s, 2H), 3.93 - 3.67 (m, 3H), 3.65 - 3.32 (m, 6H), 3.19 - 2.94 (m, 4H).

Example 8


6-Methyl-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2- difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l-[2-((3aR,6aS)-5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol- 2-yl)-2-oxo-ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl} -amide hydrochloride

The title compound was prepared from commercially avaiable 6-methyl-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid following the procedure outlined above for Example B and Example 1 to afford a white solid. LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 585.0,

RT = 3.03 min. XH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.74 - 10.49 (m, 1H), 9.70 (s, 1H), 9.21 (dd, 1H, J = 1.1, 2.0 Hz), 8.60 (d, 1H, J = 2.0 Hz), 8.58 (s, 1H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.65 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.49 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (t, 1H, J = 73.3 Hz), 5.19 (d, 1H, J = 16.8 Hz), 5.13 (d, 1H, J = 16.8 Hz), 3.94 - 2.88 (m, 10H), 2.82 (s, 3H), 2.39 (s, 3H).

Example 63

Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l- (2-{4-[(2-cyano-ethyl)-methyl-amino]-piperidin-l-yl}-2-oxo-ethyl)-lH-pyrazol- 4-yl] -amide

A solution of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-amide (32.0 g, 79.1 mmol) in DMF (400 mL) was treated with 2-chloro-l-(l,4-dioxa-8-aza-spiro[4.5]dec-8-yl)-ethanone (20.8 g, 94.9 mmol) and CS2CO3 (51.5 g, 158.1 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 19 hours. The reaction was diluted with water (-1.6 L) and the resultant precipitate was collected by filtration. The solid was washed with water dried under reduced pressure to afford pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l-[2-(l,4-dioxa-8-aza-spiro[4.5]dec-8-yl)-2-oxo-ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl} -amide as a beige solid (33.3 g, 72%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 588.2, RT = 3.02 min. lH NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ: (ppm) 9.85 (s, 1H), 8.78 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.9 Hz), 8.71 (s, 1H), 8.56 (dd, 1H, J = 1.8, 4.0 Hz), 8.42 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, 1H, J = 2.5 Hz), 7.41 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.30 - 7.26 (m, 1H), 7.00 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 6.48 (t, 1H, J = 74.0 Hz), 5.06 (s, 2H), 4.00 - 3.95 (m, 4H), 3.74 (dd, 2H, J = 5.8, 5.8 Hz), 3.61 (dd, 2H, J = 5.8, 5.8 Hz), 1.74 - 1.64 (m, 4H).

A suspension of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l-[2-(l,4-dioxa-8-aza-spiro[4.5]dec-8-yl)-2-oxo-ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl } -amide (46.7 g, 79.5 mmol) in dioxane (280 mL) was cooled in an ice bath before being treated with concentrated hydrochloric acid (210 mL) at a rate which maintained an internal temperature below 22 °C. On complete addition, the reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 4 hours. The reaction was cooled in an ice bath, diluted with ethyl acetate and water and the pH of the aqueous phase adjusted to ~8 by the portionwise addition of solid Na2C03. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (x4) and the combined organic extract was dried (Na2C03) and evaporated to afford pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)- 1 - [2-oxo-2-(4-oxo-piperidin- 1 -yl)-ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl } -amide.dioxane as a beige solid (48.8 g, 97%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 544.2, RT = 2.85 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ: (ppm) 9.87 (s, 1H), 8.79 (dd, 1H, J = 1.8, 7.0 Hz), 8.70 (s, 1H), 8.57 (dd, 1H, J = 1.8, 4.0 Hz), 8.47 (s, 1H), 7.67 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.43 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.29 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.01 (dd, 1H, J = 4.3, 7.0 Hz), 6.48 (t, 1H, J = 74.0 Hz), 5.14 (s, 2H), 3.93 (t, 2H, J = 6.2 Hz), 3.85 (t, 2H, J = 6.2 Hz), 3.70 (s, 8H), 2.50 (t, 2H, J = 6.2 Hz), 2.42 (t, 2H, J = 6.1 Hz).

A solution of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)- 1 - [2-oxo-2-(4-oxo-piperidin- 1 -yl)-ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl } -amide.dioxane (36 g, 57.0 mmol) in DCM (500 mL) was treated with 3-amino-propionitrile (5.0 mL, 68.4 mmol) and acetic acid (50 mL). The mixture was cooled in an ice bath before the addition of sodium triacetoxyborohydride (18.1 g, 85.4 mmol) portionwise. The reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 1.5 hours. The mixture was diluted with methanol and loaded onto a pad of Isolute® SCX-2 which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. The basic fractions were combined and evaporated to afford pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid (3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)- 1 - { 2- [4-(2-cyano-ethylamino)-piperidin- 1 -yl] -2-oxo-ethyl } - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)-amide as a pale brown solid (31.1 g, 91%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 598.2, RT = 2.25 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ: (ppm) 9.84 (s, 1H), 8.78 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.9 Hz), 8.69 (s, 1H), 8.58 - 8.55 (m, 1H), 8.40 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, 1H, J = 2.5 Hz), 7.41 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (s, 1H), 7.00 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 6.50 (t, 1H, J = 74.1 Hz), 5.08 (d, 1H, J = 15.4 Hz), 5.02 (d, 1H, J = 15.5 Hz), 4.37 (d, 1H, J = 13.4 Hz), 3.88 (d, 1H, J = 13.4 Hz), 3.22 - 3.12 (m, 1H), 3.02 (t, 1H, J = 6.4 Hz), 2.98 - 2.86 (m, 2H), 2.82 - 2.72 (m, 1H), 2.52 - 2.46 (m, 2H), 1.96 - 1.83 (m, 2H), 1.36 -1.20 (m, 2H).

A solution of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid (3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)- 1 - { 2- [4-(2-cyano-ethylamino)-piperidin- 1 -yl] -2-oxo-ethyl } -lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-amide (31.1 g, 52.0 mmol) in DCM (500 mL) was treated with 37%

aqueous formaldehyde solution (21.3 mL, 286.2 mmol). On complete addition the reaction was cooled in an ice bath before the addition of sodium triacetoxyborohydride (44.1 g, 208.2 mmol) portionwise. The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature and stirred for 1.5 hours, after which, the reaction was filtered and the filtrate diluted with methanol. The mixture was diluted with methanol and loaded onto a pad of Isolute® SCX-2 which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. The basic fractions were combined and evaporated. The resultant residue was purified by flash column chromatography on silica eluting with 0-10% 2M NH3/MeOH in DCM. Appropriate froactions were combined and evaporated. The resultant residue was recrystallized from ethyl acetate to afford the title compound as a pale brown solid (30.7 g, 96%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 612.2, RT = 2.84 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1 H), 9.34 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.0, 1.6 Hz), 8.70 - 8.67 (m, 1 H), 8.68 (s, 1 H), 8.32 (s, 1 H), 7.63 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.8, 2.7 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1 H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.47 (d, 1 H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.0, 4.2 Hz), 7.26 (t, 1 H, J = 73.4 Hz), 5.22 - 5.24 (m, 2 H), 4.38 (d, 1 H, J = 12.9 Hz), 3.96 (d, 1 H, J = 13.5 Hz), 3.06 (t, 1 H, J = 12.7 Hz), 2.62-2.65 (m, 6 H), 2.22 (s, 3 H), 1.72 (d, 2 H, J = 11.9 Hz), 1.34 - 1.40 (m, 2 H).

Example 142


Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [l-[l-(3-acetylaminopropyl)piperidin-4-yl]- 3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]amide hydrochloride

A mixture of pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l-piperidin-4-yl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl] amide (100 mg, 0.20 mmol), (3-bromo-propyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (71 mg, 0.3 mmol) and potassium carbonate (45 mg, 0.32 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was heated at 60 °C for 1.5 hours. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to ambient temperature, diluted with water and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was separated, washed with brine, dried (Na2S04) and evaporated. The resultant residue was chromatographed on silica eluting with dichloromethane on a gradient of 2M ammonia in methanol (0-6%) to give [3-(4-{3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl}piperidin-l-yl)propyl]carbarnic acid tert-butyl ester as a yellow oil (131 mg, 100%). LCMS (Method 4) [M+H]+ = 675.0, RT = 2.86 min.

[3-(4-{3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl}piperidin-l-yl)propyl]carbarnic acid tert-butyl ester (129 mg, 0.20 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (2 mL) and TFA (2 mL) was added. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour and then evaporated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. Evaporation of the basic fractions gave a residue which was dissolved in pyridine (2 mL). Acetyl chloride (21 μL, 0.30 mmol) was added and the solution was allowed to stand at room temperature for 5 days. The volatiles were evaporated and azeotroped with toluene. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. Evaporation gave a glassy solid which was purified by HPLC (Method 3). The pure amine was dissolved in MeOH and 1.25M methanolic HC1 was added. The volatiles were evaporated and the solid product was triturated with EtOAc/Et20 to give the title compound as a white solid (40 mg, 32%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 587.0, RT = 2.91 min. XH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.89 (s, 1H), 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.35 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 7.0 Hz), 8.69 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 4.2 Hz), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.39 (s, 1H), 8.04 (t, 1H, J = 5.8 Hz), 7.67 - 7.61 (m, 2H), 7.46 (d, 2H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.31 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.26 (t, 1H, J = 73.4 Hz), 4.64 - 4.54 (m, 1H), 3.64 (d, 2H, J = 12.2 Hz), 3.21 - 3.01 (m, 6H), 2.40 - 2.29 (m, 4H), 1.84 (m, 5H).

Example 302


Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l- [4-(4-dimethylamino-piperidine-l-carbonyl)-phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl} -amide

hydrochloride

A solution of 4-iodo-benzoyl chloride (4.72 g, 17.71 mmol) in DCM (70 mL) at 0 °C was treated with dimethyl -piperidin-4-yl-amine (2.27 g, 17.71 mmol). The resultant suspension was warmed to room temperature and stirred for 2.5 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with 1M aqueous Na2C03 solution and the phases separated. The aqueous phase was extracted twice with DCM and the combined organic phase was dried (Na2S04) and evaporated to afford (4-dimethylamino-piperidin-l-yl)-(4-iodo-phenyl)-methanone as a white solid (6.2 g, 98%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 359.2, RT = 1.82 min.

A microwave vial was charged with pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-amide (100 mg, 0.25 mmol), (4-dimethylamino-piperidin-l-yl)-(4-iodo-phenyl)-methanone (107 mg, 0.30 mmol), copper (I) iodide (15 mg, 0.08 mmol), potassium carbonate (73 mg, 0.53 mmol), trans-Ν,Ν' -dimethyl- 1,2-cyclohexane diamine (24 μΤ, 0.15 mmol). The vessel was sealed and purged with argon before the addition of toluene (1.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 110 °C for 18 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature, diluted with water and the resultant precipitate was collected by filtration, washed with ethyl acetate and dried under reduced pressure. The resultanat solid was purified by MDAP (Method

1), the solid was taken up into a mixture of MeOH/DCM and loaded onto an Isolute SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. The cartridge was washed with MeOH then eluted with 2M NH3/MeOH. The basic fractions were combined, evaporated and the resultant solid suspended in MeOH before being treated with 1.25M HCl in MeOH. The suspension was allowed to evaporate and the solid was triturated with ethyl acetate, dried under reduced pressure giving the title compound as a yellow solid (67 mg, 40%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 635.2, RT = 3.27 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.88 (s, 1H), 9.38 (dd, 1H, J = 7.1, 1.8 Hz), 9.04 (s, 1H), 8.71 (s, 1H), 8.70 (dd, 1H, J = 4.3, 1.7 Hz), 8.04-7.99 (m, 2H), 7.79 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.72 (dd, 1H, J = 8.8, 2.6 Hz), 7.63-7.57 (m, 2H), 7.53 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.33 (dd, 1H, J = 7.0, 4.3 Hz), 7.31 (t, 1H, J = 73.1 Hz), 4.65 (brs, 1H), 2.98 (s, 2H), 2.67 (s, 6H), 2.14-1.82 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.54 (m, 2H).

Example 188


Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2- (4-dimethylamino-piperidin-l-yl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide

Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide (100 mg, 0.2 mmol) and 4-dimethylaminopiperidine (128 mg, 1 mmol) were dissolved in DMA (1 ml) and heated in a microwave at 160 °C for 1 hour. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. The resulting yellow glass was purified by MDAP (Method 1). Appropriate fractions were combined and evaporated to afford a yellow solid. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2

cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH to give the title compound as a yellow-orange solid (43 mg, 39%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 548.1, RT = 3.20 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.23 (s, 1H), 9.36 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.0 Hz), 8.68 (s, 1H), 8.63 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 4.2 Hz), 7.66 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.59 (dd, 1H, J = 2.6, 8.8 Hz), 7.41 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.31 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.7 Hz), 7.18 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 3.93 (d, 2H, J = 12.7 Hz), 3.02 (dd, 2H, J = 10.3, 12.3 Hz), 3.05 - 2.95 (m, 1H), 2.40 -2.26 (m, 6H), 1.92 - 1.89 (m, 2H), 1.58 - 1.47 (m, 2H).

Example 189


Pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid (4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2- {4-[(2-cyano-ethyl)-methyl-amino]-piperidin-l-yl}-thiazol-5-yl)-amide

Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide (820 mg, 1.64 mmol) and 1,4 dioxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane (1.05 ml, 8.2 mmol) were dissolved in DMA (10 ml) and heated in a microwave at 165 °C for 1 hour. The reaction mixture partitioned between ethyl acetate and water and the phases separated. The organic layer was washed with brine. The combined aqueous layers were extracted with ethyl acetate once and the organic layers combined, dried (Na2S04), filtered and the solvent removed. The crude product was chromatographed on silica eluting with 50-60% ethyl acetate in cyclohexane. Appropriate fractions were combined and evaporated to afford pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2-(l,4-dioxa-8-aza-

spiro[4.5]dec-8-yl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide as a yellow solid (541 mg, 59%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 563.3, RT = 3.68 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.26 (s, 1H), 9.37 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.9 Hz), 8.69 (s, 1H), 8.64 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 4.4 Hz), 7.68 (d, 1H, J = 2.5 Hz), 7.59 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.42 (d, 1H, J = 8.5 Hz), 7.31 (dd, 1H, J = 4.3, 7.0 Hz), 7.18 (t, 1H, J = 73.8 Hz), 3.94 (s, 4H), 3.52 (dd, 4H, J = 5.7, 5.7 Hz), 1.75 (dd, 4H, J = 5.7, 5.7 Hz).

[4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2-(l,4-dioxa-8-aza-spiro[4.5]dec-8-yl)-thiazol-5-yl] -amide (536 mg, 0.95 mmol) was dissolved in dioxane (10 ml) and cone, hydrochloric acid (10 ml) and stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The mixture was cooled to 0 °C and basified to ca. pH 13 with 50% aqueous sodium hydroxide and then partitioned between ethyl acetate and water and the phases separated. The organic layer was washed with brine. The combined aqueous layers were extracted with ethyl acetate once and the organic layers combined, dried (Na2S04), filtered and the solvent removed to yield pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-oxo-piperidin-l-yl)-thiazol-5-yl] -amide as a yellow-orange solid (465 mg, 94%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 519.3, RT = 3.39 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ: (ppm) 10.30 (s, 1H), 9.38 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 7.1 Hz), 8.70 (s, 1H), 8.65 (dd, 1H, J = 1.4, 4.3 Hz), 7.70 (d, 1H, J = 2.5 Hz), 7.61 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.43 (d, 1H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.32 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.1 Hz), 7.20 (t, 1H, J = 74.0 Hz), 3.81 (dd, 4H, J = 6.2, 6.2 Hz), 2.54 (d, 4H, J = 6.1 Hz).

Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-oxo-piperidin-l-yl)-thiazol-5-yl] -amide (90 mg, 0.17 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (2 ml) and N-methyl- -alaninenitrile (20 μΐ, 0.21 mmol), acetic acid (200 μΐ) and macroporous polymer supported cyanoborohydride (166 mg, 0.36 mmol) were successively added and stirred at room temperature for 16 hours. The mixture was diluted with MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. The resulting yellow glass was purified by MDAP (Method 1). Appropriate fractions were combined and evaporated to afford a yellow glass. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH to give

the title compound as a yellow solid (46 mg, 46%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 587.2, RT = 3.19 min. lH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.23 (s, 1H), 9.36 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.0 Hz), 8.68 (s, 1H), 8.64 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 4.3 Hz), 7.67 (d, 1H, J = 2.6 Hz), 7.59 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.9 Hz), 7.41 (d, 1H, J = 8.6 Hz), 7.31 (dd, 1H, J = 4.3, 7.1 Hz), 7.18 (t, 1H, J = 73.9 Hz), 3.94 (d, 2H, J = 12.8 Hz), 3.04 - 2.96 (m, 2H), 2.72 - 2.60 (m, 5H), 2.24 (s, 3H), 1.79 (d, 2H, J = 10.9 Hz), 1.59 - 1.47 (m, 2H).

Example 205


Pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2- (4-methyl-piperazin-l -yl)-thiazol-5-yl] -amide

The title compound was prepared in an analogous manner to pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-dimethylamino-piperidin-l -yl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide to afford the title compound as a yellow-orange solid. LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 520.2, RT = 3.02 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.25 (s, 1H), 9.37 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.0 Hz), 8.69 (s, 1H), 8.64 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 4.3 Hz), 7.67 (d, 1H, J = 2.6 Hz), 7.59 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.8 Hz), 7.42 (d, 1H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.31 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.3 Hz), 7.18 (t, 1H, J = 73.7 Hz), 3.41 (dd, 4H, J = 4.9, 4.9 Hz), 2.48 - 2.42 (m, 4H), 2.24 (s, 3H).

Example 209


Pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2- (3-dimethylamino-prop-l-ynyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide

To a solution of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-thiazol-5-yl] -amide (150 mg, 0.3 mmol), bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(II) dichloride (11 mg, 0.015 mmol), copper(I)iodide (5 mg, 0.024 mmol) in THF (1 mL) was added propargyl alcohol (35 μΤ, 0.6 mmol) then triethylamine (1 mL) under an atmosphere of nitrogen. The resultant mixture was stirred at 50 °C for 3 hours before being cooled to room temperature. The mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The phases were separated and the organic phase washed with brine, dried (Na2S04) and evaporated. The resultant residue was purified by flash column chromatography on silica eluting with 80% ethyl acetate in cyclohexane to afford pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2-(3-hydroxy-prop-l-ynyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide as a yellow solid (112 mg, 78%). LCMS (Method 3) [M+H]+ = 476.2, RT = 3.19 min.

To a suspension of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2-(3-hydroxy-prop-l-ynyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide (110 mg, 0.23 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (105 mg, 0.4 mmol) in DCM (3 mL) was added carbon tetrabromide (132 mg, 0.4 mmol) portionwise. The reaction was stirred at room temperature before the addition of 2M methylamine in THF (1 mL). The resultant mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The mixture was evaporated and the residue taken up into MeOH and loaded onto an Isolute® SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. The cartridge was washed with MeOH before being eluted with 2M NH3 in MeOH. The basic fractions were combined and evaporated. The residue was purified by MDAP (Method 1), after evaporation the material was taken up into MeCN and loaded onto an Isolute® SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeCN. The cartridge was washed with MeCN before being eluted with 2M NH3 in MeOH. The basic fractions were combined and evaporated, giving the title compound as an orange solid (18 mg, 15%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 503.0, RT = 3.16 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.85 (s, 1H), 9.41 (dd, 1H, J = 7.1, 1.3 Hz), 8.79 (s, 1H), 8.63 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 1.5 Hz), 7.76 (d, 1H, J = 2.6 Hz), 7.72 (dd, 1H, J = 8.8, 2.6 Hz), 7.52 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.36 (dd, 1H, J = 7.0, 4.3 Hz), 7.19 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 3.61 (s, 2H), 2.29 (s, 6H).

Example 211


Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l- [2-(6-methyl-2,6-diazaspiro[3.4]oct-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl} amide

Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l-[2-(2,6-diazaspiro[3.4]oct-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}amide was prepared using a method similar to that used in the synthesis of pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l-[2-(hexahydro-pyrrolo[3 ,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl } amide. LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 556.9, RT = 2.84 min.

Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)- l-[2-(2,6-diaza-spiro [3.4] oct-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl} amide (70 mg, 0.13 mmol) and paraformaldehyde (19 mg, 0.63 mmol) were stirred in 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol for 15 minutes. Sodium borohydride (14 mg, 0.38 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was heated at 90 °C for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and was quenched with MeOH. The mixture was loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH,

the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. Evaporation gave a crude product which was was purified by HPLC (Method 1). The pure fractions were loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. Evaporation gave the free base which was crystallised from MeOH/Et20. The title compound was obtained as a white solid (28 mg, 39%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 570.9, RT = 2.86 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 7.0 Hz), 8.69 - 8.66 (m, 2H), 8.34 (s, 1H), 8.15 (s, 1H), 7.64 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.9 Hz), 7.57 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.47 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 2H, J = 4.3, 7.1 Hz), 7.25 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.94 (s, 2H), 4.04 (q, 2H, J = 8.8 Hz), 3.90 - 3.81 (m, 2H), 2.69 (s, 2H), 2.27 (s, 3H), 2.03 (dd, 2H, J = 6.8, 6.8 Hz).

Example 227


Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-l- [2-(4-methylpiperazin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl} amide

The title compound was prepared in an analogous manner to cis-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)l-[2-(5-methylhexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}amide using {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid and methyl piperazine to afford the title compound as a pale yellow solid. LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 545.1, RT = 2.89 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ: (ppm) 9.85 (s, 1H), 8.78 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.0 Hz), 8.71 (s, 1H), 8.56 (dd, 1H, J = 1.7, 4.1 Hz), 8.41 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, 1H, J = 2.6 Hz), 7.41 (dd, 1H, J = 2.6, 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (d, 1H, J = 9.1 Hz), 7.00 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.0 Hz), 6.47 (t, 1H, J = 74.1 Hz), 5.04 (s, 2H), 3.72 - 3.65 (m, 2H), 3.57 (dd, 2H, J = 4.8, 4.8 Hz), 2.47 - 2.39 (m, 4H), 2.31 (s, 3H).

Example 233


Pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid { 3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy- phenyl)- 1 - [2-(4-ethyl-piperazin- 1 -yl)-2-oxo-ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl } -amide

The title compound was prepared in an analogous manner to cis-pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)l-[2-(5-methylhexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}amide using {3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid and ethyl piperazine to afford the title compound as a white solid. LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 559.1, RT = 2.89 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.0 Hz), 8.69 - 8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.8 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.6 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.1 Hz), 7.25 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.50 - 3.49 (m, 4H), 2.41 - 2.32 (m, 6H), 1.02 (t, 3H, J = 7.1 Hz).

Example 253


Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid {4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2- [4-(4-dimethylamino-piperidine-l-carbonyl)-phenyl]-thiazol-5-yl}-amide hydrochloride

Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide (100 mg, 0.2 mmol), 4-carboxybenzeneboronic acid (40 mg, 0.24 mmol), [1,1 '-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium dichloromethane complex (16 mg, 0.02 mmol) and potassium carbonate (110 mg, 0.8 mmol) were dissolved in dioxane (3.2 ml) and water (0.8 ml) under an atmosphere of N2 and heated in a microwave at 120 °C for 30 mins. The mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water and the phases separated. The aqueous layer was acidified with 1M HC1 and the resulting precipitate was filtered and the solid collected and dried.

The resultant residue was dissolved in DMF (2 ml) and DIPEA (52 μΐ, 0.3 mmol) and HATU (91 mg, 0.24 mmol) were added and stirred at room temperature for 5 mins before the addition of 4-dimethylaminopiperidine (31 mg, 0.24 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for a further 16 hours. The mixture was diluted with MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. The resulting yellow glass was purified by HPLC (MDAP, Method 1). Appropriate fractions were combined and evaporated to afford an off-white solid. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH to give the title compound as an off-white solid (27 mg, 21%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 652.3, RT = 3.35 min. XH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.82 (1H, s), 9.42 (1H, dd, J=1.4, 6.9 Hz), 8.80 (1H, s), 8.65 (1H, dd, J=1.4, 4.3 Hz), 8.03 (2H, d, J=8.2 Hz), 7.85 (1H, d, J=2.6 Hz), 7.73 (1H, dd, J=2.7, 8.8 Hz), 7.56 - 7.51 (3H, m), 7.37 (1H, dd, J=4.3, 6.9 Hz), 7.25 (1H, t, J=73.5 Hz), 4.71 - 4.39 (m, 1H), 3.73 - 3.65 (1H, m), 3.52 - 3.41 (1H, m), 3.13 - 3.11 (1H, m), 2.89 - 2.88 (1H, m), 2.51 (s, 6H), 2.06 - 1.74 (2H, m), 1.49 (2H, dd, J=7.6, 14.7 Hz).

Example 260

Pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2- (4-dimethylamino-piperidin-l-ylmethyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide

Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide (600 mg, 1.2 mmol), potassium vinyltrifluoroborate (177 mg, 1.32 mmol), [1,1 '-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium dichloromethane complex (48 mg, 0.06 mmol) and DIPEA (627 μΐ, 3.6 mmol) were dissolved in 2-propanol (9 ml) and water (4.5 ml) under an atmosphere on N2 and heated in a microwave at 100 °C for 40 mins. The mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water and the phases separated. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried (Na2S04), filtered and the solvent removed.

The resulting residue was suspended in acetone (12 ml) and water (1.2 ml), then potassium osmate dihydrate (25 mg, 0.06 mmol) and N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (280 mg, 2.4 mmol) were added and the mixture stirred vigorously at room temperature for 16 hours. The reaction was quenched by the addition of solid sodium metabisulfite (2 g), and then partitioned between ethyl acetate and water and the phases separated. The organic layer was washed with brine. The combined aqueous layers were extracted with ethyl acetate once and the organic layers combined, dried (Na2S04), filtered and the solvent removed.

The resulting residue was dissolved in THF (15 ml) and water (15 ml) and sodium periodate (514 mg, 2.4 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 1.5 hours. The reaction mixture partitioned between ethyl acetate and water and the phases separated. The organic layer was washed with brine. The combined aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate once and the organic layer combined, dried (Na2S04), filtered and the solvent removed to yield the title compound as an orange solid (509 mg, 94%).

A portion of the resultant solid (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (2 ml) and 4-dimethylaminopiperidine (33 mg, 0.26 mmol), acetic acid (200 μΐ) and macroporous polymer supported cyanoborohydride (216 mg, 0.44 mmol) were successively added and stirred at room temperature for 16 hours. The mixture was diluted with MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. The resulting yellow glass was purified by HPLC (MDAP, Method 1). Appropriate fractions were combined and evaporated to afford a yellow glass. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH to give the title compound as a pale yellow solid (52 mg, 42 %). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 562.1, RT = 2.56 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.59 (s, 1H), 9.39 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.0 Hz), 8.75 (s, 1H), 8.62 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 4.3 Hz), 7.48 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.34 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.0 Hz), 7.17 (t, 1H, J = 73.4 Hz), 3.78 (s, 2H), 2.98 (d, 2H, J = 11.5 Hz), 2.19 (s, 6H), 2.17 - 2.08 (m, 3H), 1.79 - 1.72 (m, 2H), 1.50 -1.38 (m, 2H).

Example 264


Pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-2- (5-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carbonyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide

Pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [2-bromo-4-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-thiazol-5-yl]-amide (200 mg, 0.4 mmol), 2-methyl-octahydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (70 mg, 0.56 mmol), Herrmann's catalyst (4.5 mg, 0.0048 mmol), tri-tert-butyl phosphine hydrofluoroborate (3.5 mg, 0.011 mmol), molybdenum hexacarbonyl (53 mg, 0.2 mmol) and DBU (40 μΐ, 0.27 mmol) were dissolved in THF (2 ml) and heated in a microwave at 125 °C for 15 mins. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH. The resulting yellow glass was purified by HPLC (MDAP, Method 1). Appropriate fractions were combined and evaporated to afford a yellow solid. The residue was dissolved in MeOH and loaded onto an SCX-2 cartridge which had been conditioned with MeOH. After flushing with MeOH, the product was eluted with 2M ammonia in MeOH to give the title compound as a pale yellow solid (18 mg, 8%). LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 574.1, RT = 3.06 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 10.88 (s, 1H), 9.42 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.0 Hz), 8.81 (s, 1H), 8.61 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 4.3 Hz), 7.84 (d, 1H, J = 2.6 Hz), 7.73 (dd, 1H, J = 2.6, 8.8 Hz), 7.54 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.36 (dd, 1H, J = 4.3, 7.0 Hz), 7.22 (t, 1H, J = 73.1 Hz), 4.24 (dd, 1H, J = 8.6, 12.3 Hz), 4.09 (dd, 1H, J = 3.9, 12.3 Hz), 3.80 (dd, 1H, J = 8.9, 12.6 Hz), 3.59 - 3.47 (m, 1H), 3.02 - 2.92 (m, 1H), 2.88 - 2.80 (m, 1H), 2.65 - 2.48 (m, 4H), 2.29 (s, 3H).

Example 297


2-Amino-pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [l-(3-amino-cyclobutyl)-3-(5- chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-amide

The title compound was prepared in an analogous manner to 2-amino pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxylic acid [3-(5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxy-phenyl)-l

piperidin-4-yl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl] -amide using tert-butyl (3-((3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)carbamoyl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidin-2-yl) carbamate and Zrans-toluene-4-sulfonic acid 3-tert-butoxycarbonylamino-cyclobutyl ester to afford the title compound as a white solid. LCMS (Method 5) [M+H]+ = 489.1, RT = 2.87 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.53 (s, 1H), 8.93 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.37 - 8.34 (m, 2H), 7.63 - 7.60 (m, 2H), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 7.25 (t, 1H, J = 72.6 Hz), 7.00 (dd, 1H, J = 4.5, 6.5 Hz), 6.56 (s, 2H), 4.51 - 4.41 (m, 1H), 3.18 - 3.07 (m, 1H), 2.75 - 2.67 (m, 2H), 2.24 - 2.14 (m, 2H).

Example 304


N- [ 1 -(2-carbamimidoylethyl)-3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (500 mg, 1.24 mmol), 3-bromopropanenitrile (412 mg, 3.08 mmol), Cs2C03 (1.21 g, 3.70 mol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (15 mL) was purged with a gentle flow of nitrogen gas. The resulting mixture was stirred in a sealed tube at 65 °C for 16 then poured into water (200 mL). The crude product was collected by filtration and then purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:2). Appropriate fractions were collected and evaporated to afford N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-cyanoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid (320mg, 57%). LCMS (Method 17) [M+H]+ = 458.1, RT = 1.67 min.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l -(2-cyanoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (200 mg, 0.44 mmol) and methanol (280 mg, 8.74 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was added acetyl chloride (341 mg, 4.34 mmol) dropwise with stirring at 0 °C. The resulting solution was stirred for 2 hours at room temperature. To this was added a solution of concentrated ammonium hydroxide (459 mg) in methanol (3 mL) dropwise with stirring at 0 °C. The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with dichloromethane/methanol (5/1). Appropriate fractions were collected and concentrated to afford a white solid (130 mg), which was further purified by high pH Prep-HPLC to afford N-[l-(2-carbamimidoylethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)-phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid (36.8 mg). LCMS (Method 17) [M+H]+ = 475.1 (Note: under method 17, decomposition products observed), LCMS (method 18) RT = 6.52 min. lH NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.72 (s, 1H), 9.36 (dd, J = 1.8, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 8.68 - 8.66 (m, 2H), 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.64-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.48 - 7.24 (m, 3H), 6.39 (s, 2H), 4.44 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.67 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H).

Example 306


Ethyl 2- [(2- [3 - [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3- amido]-lH-pyrazol- l-yl]ethyl)amino] acetate

A mixture of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (3.00 g, 7.41 mmol), CS2CO3 (9.90 g, 30.38 mmol), tetrahydrofuran (90 mL), 1 ,2-dibromoethane (7.00 g, 37.26 mmol) was stirred at

70 °C for 3 hours in an oil bath. The mixture was allowed to cool to ambient temperature then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1: 1) to afford N-[l-(2-bromoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]-pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a off-white solid (2.2 g, 58%). TLC: Rf =0.6; ethyl acetate/petroleum ether =1: 1; LCMS (Method 14) [M+H]+ = 513.2, RT = 1.03 min.

A mixture of N-[l-(2-bromoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)-phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (200 mg, 0.39 mmol), triethylamine (394 mg, 3.89 mmol), ethyl 2-aminoacetate hydrochloride (271 mg, 1.94 mmol) in ethanol (20 mL) was stirred at 80 °C for 24 hours then concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by high pH Prep-HPLC to afford the title compound as an off-white solid (31.9 mg, 15%). LCMS (Method 14) [M+H]+ = 534.2, RT = 1.13 min. 1H NMR (300MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 9.11 (dd, J = 1.5, 7.0 Hz, 1H), 8.66 - 6.65 (m, 2H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (dd, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.39 (dd, J = 4.5, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.55 (t, J = 73.5 Hz, 1H), 4.35 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 2H), 4.17 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.41 (s, 2H), 3.15 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H), 1.25 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H).

Example 310


- [4-(2- [3- [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5-a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)piperazin- 1 -yl] acetic acid

Potassium hydroxide (200 mg, 3.56 mmol) in water (2 mL) was added to a solution of ethyl 2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-

a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperazin-l-yl]acetate (200 mg, 0.32 mmol) in ethanol (20 mL), The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 h and neutralized with 1 M HC1 aqueous solution until pH~7. The resultant solution was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with lOmmol NH4HC03 and MeCN (30.0% up to 60.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 30.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 20.6 mg (11 %) of 2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl] acetyl )piperazin-l-yl] acetic acid as a white solid. LCMS (Method 26) [M+H]+ = 589.2, RT = 0.82 min. lH NMR (400MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 9.10 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.66 (s, 1H), 8.65 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.57 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.42 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.21 (J = 4.0, 6.8 Hz), 6.63 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 5.30 (s, 2H), 3.93-3.86 (m, 4H), 3.50 (s, 2H), 3.32-3.13 (m, 4H).

Example 311


-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]- 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl]ethyl)piperidin-4-yl] amino] acetic acid

A mixture of t-butyl N-(piperidin-4-yl)carbamate (627 mg, 3.13 mmol) and N- [l-(2-bromoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]- pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (400 mg, 0.78 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was stirred at 100°C for 5 h and cooled to room temperature. Water (50 mL) was added. The precipitates were collected by filtration and dried. This resulted in 400 mg (81%) of tert-butyl N-[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-

amido]- lH-pyrazol-l -yl]ethyl)piperidin-4-yl]carbamate as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 21) [M+H]+ = 631.1 , RT = 1.21 min.

Saturated HC1 dioxane solution (15 mL) was added to tert-butyl N-[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol-l-yl]ethyl)piperidin-4-yl]carbamate (400 mg, 0.63 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The pH value of the remaining solution was adjusted to 8-9 with saturated aqueous Na2C03. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with MeOH/ DCM (1 : 1) to afford 330 mg (98%) of N-[l-[2-(4-aminopiperidin- l-yl)ethyl]-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 531.1 , RT = 0.49 min.

Potassium carbonate (98 mg, 0.71 mmol) was added to a solution of N-[l-[2-(4-aminopiperidin-l -yl)ethyl]-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (290 mg, 0.55 mmol) and tert-butyl 2-bromoacetate (96 mg, 0.49 mmol) in DMF (5 mL). The resulting mixture was stirred at 50°C overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 15% MeOH in DCM to afford 150 mg (43%) of tert-butyl 2-[[l -(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] ethyl )piperidin-4-yl] amino] -acetate as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 645.2, RT = 1.39 min.

A solution of tert-butyl ester from previous step (150 mg, 0.23 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) and TFA (2 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (20.0% up to 27.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 20.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 63.5 mg (43%) of the formic acid salt of 2-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol-l-yl]ethyl)piperidin-4-yl]amino]acetic acid as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 589.1 , RT = 0.85 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H),

9.34 (d, 1H, J = 8.0 Hz), 8.79-8.65 (m, 2H), 8.46-8.35 (m, 1H), 7.64-6.98 (m, 5H), 4.30 (s, 2H), 3.10-2.82 (m, 5H), 2.54-2.53 (m, 2H), 2.17-1.93 (m, 4H), 1.58-1.45 (m, 2H).

Example 312


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[[2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl]amino]ethyl)- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

2-(Methylsulfanyl)ethan- 1 -amine (0.5 mL, 5.34 mmol) was added to a solution of N-[l-(2-bromoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo [l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (120 mg, 0.23 mmol) in CH3CN (3 mL). The resulting solution was stirred at 80°C for 2 h and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 um, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 10 mmol NH4HCO3 and MeCN (40.0% up to 57.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 40.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 58.2 mg (48%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]- l-(2-[[2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl]- amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 522.2, RT = 2.50 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO- d6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.67 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 4.4 Hz), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.68-7.61(m, 2H), 7.46-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.06 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.23 (t, 2H, J = 6.4 Hz), 2.98 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 2.71 (t, 2H, J = 6.8 Hz), 2.53 (t, 2H, J = 6.8 Hz), 2.03 (s, 3H).

Example 313


N- [ 1 - [2-(benzylamino)ethyl] -3 - [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

Using synthetic method analogous to that of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-l -(2-[[2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a] pyrimidine-3-carboxamide, the title compound was prepared from N-[l -(2-bromoethyl)- 3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide and phenylmethanamine. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 538.2, RT = 2.70 min. lU NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.84 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.67 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 4.4 Hz), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.64-7.59 (m, 2H), 7.46-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.32-7.19 (m, 6H), 7.06 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.25 (t, 2H, J = 6.4 Hz), 3.73 (s, 2H), 2.93 (t, 2H, J = 6.4 Hz).

Example 314


N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l -[2-[(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amino]ethyl]-lH- pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

Using synthetic method analogous to that of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-! -(2-[[2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l , 5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide, the title compound was prepared from N-[l-(2- bromoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide and pyridin-2-ylmethanamine. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 539.2, RT = 2.53 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.68 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 4.0 Hz), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.49 (d, 1H, J = 4.0 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.72 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.6 Hz), 7.70-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.46-7.06 (m, 5H), 4.27 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.83 (s, 2H), 2.98 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz).

Example 315


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-[(pyridin-4-ylmethyl)amino]ethyl]-lH- pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

Using synthetic method analogous to that of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-l-(2-[[2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a] pyrimidine-3-carboxamide, the title compound was prepared from N-[l-(2-bromoethyl)- 3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3- carboxamide and pyridin-4-ylmethanamine. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 539.1, RT = 1.45 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO- d6) δ: (ppm) 9.74 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.68 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 4.4 Hz), 8.45 (d, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.64-7.59 (m, 2H), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.32-7.28 (m, 3H), 7.07 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.26 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.76 (s, 2H), 2.93 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz).

Example 316

N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2- [4-( 1 -phenylethyl)piperazin- 1 - yl]ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl piperazine-l-carboxylate (1.00 g, 5.37 mmol) and 1-phenylethan-l-one (774 mg, 6.44 mmol) in methanol (30 mL) was added NaB¾CN (511 mg, 8.13 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at 50°C overnight. Water (50 mL) was added. Methanol was stripped off under vacuum. The remaining solution was extracted with ethyl acetate (x2). The organic layers were combined, washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1: 1). This resulted in 750 mg (48%) of tert-butyl 4-(l -phenyl ethyl piperazine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 291.1, RT = 1.14 min.

A solution of tert-butyl 4-(l-phenylethyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (750 mg, 2.58 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The solids were collected by filtration and dried. This resulted in 320 mg (55%) of 1-(l-phenylethyl)piperazine hydrochloride as a white solid.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) in DMF (4 mL) was added l-(l-phenylethyl)piperazine hydrochloride (47 mg, 0.21 mmol), DIEA (67 mg, 0.52 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with lOmmol NH4HC03 and

MeCN (40.0% up to 65.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 40.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 31.3 mg (28%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2- [4-( 1 -phenylethyl)piperazin- 1 -yl] ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 21) [M+H]+ = 635.0, RT = 1.56 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.74 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.67 (d, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz), 8.28 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.53 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.35-7.26 (m, 6H), 7.07 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.19 (s, 2H), 3.49-3.46 (m, 5H), 2.49-2.33 (m, 4H), 1.31 (d, 3H, J = 6.4 Hz).

Example 317


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-[4-(2-methylpropyl)piperazin-l -yl]-2- oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

Using synthetic method analoguous to that of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2- [4-( 1 -phenylethyl)piperazin- 1 -yl]ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide, the title compound was prepared from { 3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l -yl} acetic acid and l-(2-methylpropyl)piperazine. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 587.1 , RT = 1.80 min. lH NMR (300MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.33 (dd, 1H, J = 1.8, 6.9 Hz), 8.68 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 3.9 Hz), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 3.0, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.2 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.57-3.42 (m, 4H), 2.40-2.21 (m, 4H), 2.05 (d, 2H, J = 7.2 Hz), 1.81-1.76 (m, 1H), 0.86 (d, 6H, J = 6.3 Hz).

Example 318


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[4-[(3-methyloxetan-3- yl)methyl]piperazin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

To a solution of 3 -methyl oxetane-3-carbaldehyde (17.2 mg, 0.17 mmol) and N-[3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2-(piperazin- 1 -yl)ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (70 mg, 0.13 mmol) in methanol (5 mL) was added NaBH3CN (12.5 mg, 0.20 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 5 mL of water. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate (30 mL), washed with brine, dried and concentrated. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XB ridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with lOmmol NH4HCO3 and MeCN (55.0% up to 65.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 55.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 39.8 mg (49% ) of N- [3 - [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [4- [(3 -methyloxetan-3-yl)methyl]piperazin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3-carboxamide. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 615.2, RT = 0.93 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.92 (s, 1H), 9.36-9.27 (m, 1H), 8.91-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H),

7.73-7.46 (m, 3H), 7.37-7.06 (m, 2H), 5.23 (s, 2H), 4.52-4.20 (m, 4H), 3.60-3.11 (m, 6H), 2.43-2.20 (m, 4H), 1.46 (s, 3H).

Example 319


N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2-(4- propylpiperazin- 1 - yl)ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

To a solution of 1-propylpiperazine dihydrobromide (60.4 mg, 0.21 mmol) and {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) in DMF (2 mL) was added DIEA (112 mg, 0.866 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 10 mmol NH4HC03 and MeCN (50.0% up to 61.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 50.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 69.1 mg (70% ) of N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2-(4-propylpiperazin- 1 -yl)ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 573.2, RT = 2.86 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.68 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.6 Hz), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.48 (t, 4H, J = 6.0 Hz), 2.40-2.34 (m, 4H), 2.24 (t, 2H, J = 7.2 Hz), 1.48-1.41 (m, 2H), 0.85 (t, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).

Example 320


N- [ 1 - [2-(4-benzylpiperazin- 1 -yl)-2-oxoethyl] -3- [5 -chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of 2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetic acid (100 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) and 1-benzylpiperazine (33.6 mg, 0.19 mmol) was added DIEA (44.8 mg, 0.35 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with lOmmol NH4HCO3 and MeCN (37.0% MeCN up to 50.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 37.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 53.8 mg (50%) of N-[l-[2-(4-benzylpiperazin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 21) [M+H]+ = 621.0, RT = 1.53 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.65-7.24 (m, 6H), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (m, 2H), 3.52-3.46 (m, 6H), 2.49-2.33 (m, 4H).

Example 321


N- [3- [5 -chloro- 2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [4- [2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl] piperazin-l -yl]- 2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol- l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) and 4-[2-(piperazin-l -yl)ethyl]morpholine (41 mg, 0.21 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIEA (45 mg, 0.35 mmol), HATU (79 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XB ridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 um, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 10 mmol NH4HCO3 and MeCN (37.0% MeCN up to 52.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 37.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 62.0 mg (56%) of N-[3-[5-chloro- 2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]- l-(2-[4-[2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl]piperazin-l -yl]-2-oxoethyl)- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a] pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 644.2, RT = 2.34 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.68-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.09 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.54 (t, 4H, J = 4.4 Hz), 3.50-3.46 (m, 4H), 2.49-2.39 (m, 12H).

Example 322


methyl 2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1,5- a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperazin- 1 -yl] acetate

To a solution of tert-butyl piperazine-l-carboxylate (5 g, 26.85 mmol) in DMF (50 mL) was added and CS2CO3 (11 g, 33.76 mmol) and methyl 2-bromoacetate (3.4 g, 22.2 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 h. Water (50 mL) and DCM (100 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with DCM (100 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 7.1 g (crude) of tert-butyl 4-(2-methoxy-2-oxoethyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 27) [M+H]+ = 259.2, RT = 1.08 min.

A solution of tert-butyl 4-(2-methoxy-2-oxoethyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (1.50 g, 5.81 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The solids were collected by filtration and dried. This resulted in 950 mg (84%) of methyl 2-(piperazin-l-yl)acetate hydrochloride as a white solid.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) in DMF (2 mL) was added methyl 2-(piperazin-l-yl)acetate hydrochloride (41 mg, 0.21 mmol), DIEA (67.2 mg, 0.52 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a

short pad of silica gel eluting with 10% MeOH in DCM. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with lOmmol NH4HCO3 and MeCN (40.0% up to 59.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 40.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 49.2 mg (47%) of methyl 2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperazin-l-yl] acetate as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 603.2, RT = 2.83 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.24 (s, 2H), 3.63 (s, 3H), 3.52-3.48 (m, 4H), 3.30 (s, 2H), 2.67-2.51 (m, 4H).

Example 323


N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)pyridin-3-yl]-l-[(5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl]- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide

A 8-mL microwave tube was charged with N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide (150 mg, 0.37 mmol), 5-(chloromethyl)oxolan-2-one (74.6 mg, 0.55 mmol), CS2CO3 (242 mg, 0.74 mmol) in DMF (2 mL). The vessel was evacuated under vacuum and refilled with nitrogen 3 times. The final reaction mixture was irradiated with microwave radiation at 120°C for 30 min. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column,

XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05%FA and MeCN (39.0% up to 53.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 39.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 35.8 mg (19%) of N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)pyridin-3 -yl] - 1 - [(5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 503.1, RT = 1.65 min. 1H NMR (300MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.68-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.61 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.00 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.98-4.94 (m, 1H), 4.48 (d, 2H, J = 5.1 Hz), 2.46-2.23 (m, 3H), 2.07-1.98 (m, 1H).

Example 324


N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-oxo-2-(piperazin-l-yl)ethyl]- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (200 mg) in DMF (5 mL) was added tert-butyl piperazine-l-carboxylate (77.5 mg, 0.42 mmol), DIEA (89.6 mg, 0.69 mmol), HATU (158.3 mg, 0.42 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 3 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM to afford 279 mg of tert-butyl 4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 22) [M+H]+ = 631.4, RT = 1.49 min.

A solution of tert-butyl 4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperazine- 1 -carboxylate (279 mg, 0.44 mmol) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was redissolved in methanol and neutralized with DIEA. The neutralized solution was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with lOmmol NH4HCO3 and MeCN (35.0% MeCN up to 48.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 35.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 95.6 mg (41%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2-(piperazin- 1 -yl)ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl] pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 531.2, RT = 2.67 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.22 (s, 2H), 3.47-3.41 (m, 4H), 2.73-2.67 (m, 4H).

Example 325


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [4- [(dimethylcarbamoyl)methyl]piperazin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl piperazine-1 -carboxylate (1 g, 5.37 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was added CS2CO3 (3.5 g, 10.74 mmol), 2-bromo-N,N-dimethylacetamide (1.80 g, 10.84 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water (40

mL) and EtOAc (100 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 880 mg (60%) of tert-butyl 4-[(dimethylcarbamoyl)methyl] piperazine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil. TLC: Rf = 0.3 ; dichloromethane/ methanol = 1/10.

A solution of tert-butyl 4-[(dimethylcarbamoyl)methyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate (880 mg, 3.24 mmol) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The solids were collected by filtration. This resulted in 450 mg (67%) of N,N-dimethyl-2-(piperazin-l-yl)acetamide hydrochloride as a white solid.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol- l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) in DMF (4 mL) was added N,N-dimethyl-2-(piperazin- l-yl)acetamide hydrochloride (72 mg, 0.35 mmol), DIEA (67.2 mg, 0.52 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (27.0% up to 36.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 27.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 73.4 mg (64%) of the formic acid salt of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l -(2-[4-[(dimethylcarbamoyl) methyl]piperazin-l -yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 616.3, RT = 2.41 min. lH NMR (400MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 9.09 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.66-8.64 (m, 2H), 8.37 (s, 1H), 8.11 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.57 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.42 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.21 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 6.63 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 5.29 (s, 2H), 3.84-3.77 (m, 4H), 3.75 (s, 2H), 3.08 (s, 3H), 3.06-2.96 (m, 7H).

Example 326

N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [[(2- hydroxyphenyl)methyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

NaBH3CN (112 mg, 1.78 mmol) was added portionwise to a solution of 2-hydroxybenzaldehyde (55 mg, 0.45 mmol) and N-[l-(2-aminoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (200 mg, 0.45 mmol) in methanol (10 mL). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 0.5 mL of water. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 3% MEOH in DCM. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep Cis OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with lOmmol NH4HC03 and MeCN (38.0% up to 45.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 38.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 28.8 mg (12%) of N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [ [(2-hydroxyphenyl) methyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 554.2, RT = 2.79 min. XH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.74 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.0 Hz), 7.61 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.09-7.04 (m, 2H), 7.06 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 6.73-6.69 (m, 2H), 4.29 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.82 (s, 2H), 2.98 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz).

Example 327

N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl] - 1 -(2- [[(3-hydroxyphenyl)methyl] amino]ethyl)- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

NaBH3CN (28 mg, 0.45 mmol) was added to a solution of N-[l-(2-aminoethyl)-3- [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3 - carboxamide (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL) and 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde (55 mg, 0.45 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred for at room temperature overnight. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 0.2 mL of water. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 2.5% MeOH in DCM. The crude product was purified by Prep- HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (32.0% up to 36.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 32.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 25.7 mg (19%) of the formic acid salt of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[[(3-hydroxyphenyl)- methyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide formate as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 554.2, RT = 1.58 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.37 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.68-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.61 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.05 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 7.10-7.06 (m, 1H), 6.74- 6.72 (m, 2H), 6.60 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 4.25 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.66 (s, 2H), 2.94 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz).

Example 328

N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [[(4- hydroxyphenyl)methyl] amino]ethyl)- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

A solution of 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (55 mg, 0.45 mmol) and N-[l-(2- aminoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h and then NaBH3CN (28 mg, 0.45 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 0.1 mL of water. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM.The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 um, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (34.0% MeCN up to 38.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 34.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 31.4 mg (23%) of the formic acid salt of N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [[(4-hydroxyphenyl)methyl] amino]ethyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 554.2, RT = 1.58 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.74 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.10 (d, 2H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.06 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 6.68 (d, 2H, J = 8.4 Hz), 4.25 (t, 2H, J = 6.4 Hz), 3.63 (s, 2H), 2.95 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz).

Example 329


methyl 2-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a] pyrimidine-3- amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl] acetyl )piperidin-4-yl] amino] acetate formate

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (500 mg) in DMF (10 mL) was added tert-butyl N-(piperidin-4-yl)carbamate (208 mg, 1.04 mmol), DIEA (224 mg, 1.73 mmol), HATU (395.9 mg, 1.04 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water (50 mL) was added. The precipitates were collected by filtration and dried. This resulted in 600 mg of tert-butyl N-[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl) piperidin-4-yl]carbamate as a yellow crude solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 645.1, RT= 1.02 min.

A solution of the crude product from previous step (600 mg) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting solution was diluted with 100 mL of methanol and neutralized with saturated aqueous.Na2C03 and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 30% MeOH in DCM. Collection of appropriate fractions and evaporation of solvent afforded N-[l-[2-(4-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-3-[5- cMoro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide (520 mg) as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 545.1, RT = 0.62 min.

Methyl 2-bromoacetate (30.74 mg, 0.20 mmol) was added to a mixture of N-[l- [2-(4-aminopiperidin- 1 -yl)-2-oxoethyl] -3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 H- pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (100 mg, 0.18 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) and potassium carbonate (38.1 mg, 0.28 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Additional amount of methyl 2-bromoacetate (30.74 mg,

0.20 mmol) was added and the resulting solution was stirred at 60°C for 2 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05 FA and MeCN (25.0% MeCN up to 32.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 25.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 68.9 mg (57%) of the formic acid salt of methyl 2-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperidin-4-yl]amino]-acetate as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 617.2, RT = 1.53 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.0, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23-5.20 (m, 2H), 4.11-4.07 (m, 1H), 3.83-3.80 (m, 1H), 3.63 (s, 3H), 3.39-3.31 (m, 2H), 3.15-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.87-2.83 (m, 1H), 2.71-2.67 (m, 1H), 1.83-1.77 (m, 2H), 1.29-1.14 (m, 2H).

Example 330


N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl] - 1 - [2- [4-(5-hydroxy-2-oxopiperidin- 1 - yl)piperidin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl] -lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide formate

DIEA (71 mg, 0.55 mmol) was adde to a solution of N-[l-[2-(4- aminopiperidin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (100 mg, 0.18 mmol) and (5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (69 mg, 0.28 mmol) in CH3CN (30 mL). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05%FA and MeCN (38.0% up to 46.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 38.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 41.6 mg (33%) of N-[3-[5- chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-l-[2-[4-(5-hydroxy-2-oxopiperidin-l-yl)piperidin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol- 4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 643.2, RT = 1.49 min. XH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.35 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.32 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.09 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.26-5.24 (m, 2H), 4.89 (br, 1H), 4.59-4.45 (m, 2H), 4.08-3.90 (m, 2H), 3.25-2.97 (m, 3H), 2.68-2.58 (m, 1H), 2.46-2.21 (m, 2H), 1.86-1.65 (m, 3H), 1.57-1.50 (m, 3H).

Example 331


methyl 3-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperazin- 1 -yl]propanoate

To a solution of tert-butyl piperazine-l-carboxylate (1 g, 5.37 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was added CS2CO3 (589 mg, 1.81 mmol) and methyl 3-bromopropanoate (744 mg, 4.46 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water (50 m) and EtOAc (50 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with EtOAc (50 mL). The organic layers were combined, washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by falsh chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3.5% MeOH in DCM. Collection of appropriate fractions and evaporation of solvent afforded tert-butyl 4-(3- methoxy-3-oxopropyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (895 mg, 74%) as yellow oil. TLC: Rf = 0.3 ; ethyl acetate/petroleum ether = 1/2.

A solution of tert-butyl 4-(3-methoxy-3-oxopropyl)piperazine-l -carboxylate (895 mg, 3.29 mmol) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The solids were collected by filtration. This resulted in 710 mg of methyl 3-(piperazin-l-yl)propanoate hydrochloride as a white crude solid.

To a solution of { 3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol- l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) in DMF (5 mL) was added methyl 3-(piperazin-l-yl)propanoate hydrochloride (44 mg, 0.21 mmol), DIEA (90 mg, 0.70 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 4 h and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05%FA and MeCN (40.0% up to 51.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 40.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 56.1 mg (49%) of the formic acid salt of methyl 3-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]- lH-pyrazol-l -yl]acetyl)piperazin-l -yl]propanoate as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 617.1 , RT = 1.51 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.68-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.60 (s, 3H), 3.49-3.41 (m, 4H), 2.59 (t, 2H, J = 6.4 Hz), 2.51 (t, 2H, J = 6.4 Hz), 2.39-2.33 (m, 4H).

Example 332

3- [4-(2- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5-a] pyrimidine-3- amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperazin- 1 -yl]propanoate

Using synthetic methods analoguous to that of methyl 3-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l- yl] acetyl )piperazin-l -yl]propanoate, the title compound was prepared from ethyl 3- bromopropanoate. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 631.2, RT = 0.89 min. lH NMR (300MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (d, 1H, J = 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.07 (t, 1H, J = 72.9 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 4.03 (q, 2H, J = 7.2 Hz), 3.59-3.47 (m, 4H), 2.61-2.59 (m, 2H), 2.50-2.33 (m, 6H), 1.16 (t, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).

Example 333


methyll-[2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrirnidine-3- amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperazin- 1 -yl]ethyl]piperidine-4-carboxylate

To a stirring solution of tert-butyl 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (1.5 g, 6.51 mmol) and DIEA (2.5 g, 19.34 mmol) in DCM (50 mL) was added MsCl (817 mg, 7.13 mmol) dropwise g at 0°C. The resulting solution was stirred for 1 h at room temperature. Water (100 mL) wsa added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers combined. The organic phases were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 1.8 g (crude) of tert-butyl 4- [2- (methanesulfonyloxy)ethyl] piperazine-l-carboxylate as light yellow oil.

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-[2-(methanesulfonyloxy)ethyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate (431 mg, 1.39 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added methyl piperidine-4-carboxylate (300 mg, 2.095 mmol) and DIEA (361 mg, 2.79 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 285 mg (57%) of tert-butyl 4-[2-[4-(methoxycarbonyl)piperidin-l-yl]ethyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 356.2, RT = 0.99 min.

A solution of tert-butyl 4-[2-[4-(methoxycarbonyl)piperidin-l-yl]ethyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate (285 mg, 0.80 mmol) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 205 mg (88%) of methyl l-[2-(piperazin-l-yl)ethyl]piperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 256.2, RT = 0.44 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (150 mg, 0.32 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added methyl l-[2-(piperazin-l-yl)ethyl]piperidine-4- carboxylate hydrochloride (190 mg, 0.65 mmol), DIEA (126 mg, 0.97 mmol), HATU (148 mg, 0.39 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel elutingwith 4% MeOH in DCM. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep Ci8 OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (22.0% up to 31.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 22.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 96.5 mg (40%) of the formic acid salt of methyl l-[2-[4-(2-[3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperazin-l-yl]ethyl] piperidine-4-carboxylate as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 700.2, RT = 2.21 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.59 (s, 3H), 3.49-3.46 (m, 4H), 2.84-2.81 (m, 2H), 2.54-2.52 (m, 6H), 2.50-2.40 (m, 2H), 2.33-2.27 (m, 1H), 2.04- 1.99 (m, 2H), 1.88-1.70 (m, 2H), 1.55-1.50 (m, 2H).

Example 334


ethyl l-[2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a] pyrimidine-3- amido] - lH-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperazin- 1 -yl]ethyl]piperidine-4-carboxylate

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-[2-(methanesulfonyloxy)ethyl]piperazine-l- carboxylate (392 mg, 1.27 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIEA (329 mg, 2.55 mmol) and ethyl piperidine-4-carboxylate (300 mg, 1.91 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 5% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 310 mg (66%) of tert-butyl 4-[2-[4-(ethoxycarbonyl)piperidin-l- yl]ethyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 370.3, RT = 0.50 min.

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-[2-[4-(ethoxycarbonyl)piperidin-l-yl]ethyl]piperazine-l- carboxylate (310 mg, 0.84 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 220 mg (86%) of ethyl l-[2-(piperazin-l-yl)ethyl]piperidine-4- carboxylate hydrochloride as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 270.3, RT = 0.89 min.

To a solution of 2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a] pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetic acid (150 mg, 0.32 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added ethyl l-[2-(piperazin-l-yl)ethyl]piperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride (199 mg, 0.65 mmol), DIEA (126 mg, 0.97 mmol), HATU (148 mg, 0.39 mmol). The resulting

solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC- 005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (18.0% MeCN up to 27.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 18.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 66.1 mg (27%) of the formic acid salt of ethyl l-[2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)piperazin-l-yl]ethyl]piperidine-4-carboxylate. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 714.2, RT = 2.42 min. XH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (m, 2H), 4.03 (q, 2H, J = 6.8 Hz), 3.50-3.47 (m, 4H), 2.88-2.85 (m, 2H), 2.52-2.51 (m, 6H), 2.47-2.26 (m, 3H), 2.12-2.07 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.78 (m, 2H), 1.60-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.16 (t, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).

Example 335


methyl l-[2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine- 3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperazin-l-yl]ethyl]-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate formate

Using synthetic method analoguous to that of ethyl l-[2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 - yl]acetyl)piperazin-l-yl]ethyl]piperidine-4-carboxylate, the title compound was prepared from methyl 4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride.

LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 714.2, RT = 1.94 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.65-7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 5.22 (s, 2H), 3.62 (s, 3H), 3.48-3.45 (m, 4H), 2.57-2.51 (m, 2H), 2.49-2.39 (m, 8H), 2.01-1.93 (m, 4H), 1.41-1.35 (m, 2H), 1.10 (s, 3H).

Example 336


-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperidine-4-carboxylate

To a solution of l-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]piperidine-4-carboxylic acid (1.00 g, 4.36 mmol) in DCM (15 mL) was added 2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethan-l-ol (858 mg, 6.54 mmol), EDC.HC1 (1.00 g, 5.22 mmol), 4-dimethylaminopyridine (53.3 mg, 0.44 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water (30 mL) and DCM (50 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with DCM and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with dichloromethane/ethyl acetate (2:3). This resulted in 1.4 g (crude) of 1-tert-butyl 4-[2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl] piperidine-l,4-dicarboxylate as yellow oil. TLC: Rf = 0.3; ethyl acetate.

A mixture of 1-tert-butyl 4-[2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl] piperidine-l,4-dicarboxylate (1.4 g, 4.09 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This

resulted in 1.2 g (crude) of 2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl piperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride as yellow oil.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol- l-yl} acetic acid (150 mg, 0.26 mmol) in DMF (2 niL) was added 2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl piperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride (140 mg, 0.50 mmol), DIEA (101 mg, 0.78 mmol), HATU (119 mg, 0.31 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 10% MeOH in DCM. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (31.0% MeCN up to 38.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 31.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 35.6 mg (20%) of the formic acid salt of 2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl 1-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l -yl] acetyl )piperidine-4-carboxylate as a off-white solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 687.2, RT = 0.86 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, IH), 9.34 (dd, IH, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.32 (s, IH), 7.63 (dd, IH, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, IH, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, IH, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, IH, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, IH, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.27-5.22 (m, 2H), 4.20-4.15 (m, 3H), 3.89-3.82 (m, IH), 3.58-3.55 (m, 4H), 3.26-3.17 (m, IH), 2.89-2.78 (m, IH), 2.69-2.59 (m, IH), 2.53-2.51 (m, 2H), 2.40-2.32 (m, 4H), 1.91-1.80 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.41 (m, 2H).

Example 337

ethyl l-[2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4- [pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3- amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperazin- 1 -yl]ethyl] -4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate formate

Using synthetic method analoguous to that of ethyl l -[2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)piperazin-l -yl]ethyl]piperidine-4-carboxylate, the title compound was prepared from ethyl 4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 728.2, RT = 1.87 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.22 (s, 2H), 4.06 (q, 2H, J = 7.2 Hz), 2.67-2.60 (m, 2H), 2.44- 2.38 (m, 8H), 2.09-2.04 (m, 2H), 1.97-1.93 (m, 2H), 1.42-1.41 (m, 2H), 1.16 (t, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz), 1.10 (s, 3H).

Example 338


2-(dimethylamino)ethyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [1 ,5- a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl]acetyl)piperidine-4-carboxylate

Using synthetic method analoguous to that of 2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl l-(2-[3-[5- chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol - 1-yl] acetyl )piperidine-4-carboxylate, the title compound was prepared from 2- (dimethylamino)ethan-l-ol. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 645.2, RT = 2.97 min. XH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.68- 8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.21 (t, J = 73.1 Hz, 1H) 5.30-5.14 (m, 2H), 4.21-4.10 (m, 3H), 3.89-3.78 (m, 1H), 3.24-3.14 (m, 1H), 2.89-2.60 (m, 2H), 2.49-2.45 (m, 2H), 2.16 (s, 6H), 1.89-1.81 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.37 (m, 2H).

Example 339


2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyll-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [1,5- a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate

To a solution of l-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid (1.00 g, 4.11 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added 2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethan-l-ol (1.08 g, 8.23 mmol), HOBt (667 mg, 4.94 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hr, then EDC.HC1 (943 mg, 4.92 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and diluted with 30 mL of DCM. The resulting mixture was washed with water, brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 4% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 800 mg (55%) of 1-tert-butyl 4-[2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl] 4-methylpiperidine-l,4-dicarboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 357.2, RT = 0.64 min.

A solution of 1-tert-butyl 4-[2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl] 4-methylpiperidine-l,4-dicarboxylate (800 mg, 2.24 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (30 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 600 mg (crude) of 2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl 4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride as a white crude solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 257.0, RT = 0.86 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) in DMF (3 mL) was added 2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyl 4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride (76.2 mg, 0.26 mmol), DIEA (67.2 mg, 0.52 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (34.0% up to 38.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 34.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 43.0 mg (33%) of the formic acid salt of 2-(morpholin-4-yl)ethyll-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]-acetyl)-4-methyl piperidine-4-carboxylate. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 701.2, RT = 0.92 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.35 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 9.6 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.09 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 4.21 (t, 2H, J = 5.6 Hz), 4.02-3.98 (m, 1H), 3.77-3.74 (m, 1H), 3.53-3.51 (m, 4H), 3.27-3.22 (m, 1H), 3.00-2.94 (m, 1H), 2.55-2.52 (m, 2H), 2.49-2.39 (m, 4H), 2.04-1.97 (m, 2H), 1.18 (s, 3H).

Example 340


-(dimethylamino)ethyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrirnidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate To a solution of l-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid (1 g, 4.11 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added 2-(dimethylamino)ethan-l-ol (733 mg, 8.22 mmol), HOBt (667 mg, 4.94 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, then EDC.HC1 (943 mg, 4.92 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and water (30 mL) was added. The resulting solution was extracted with DCM (x2) and the organic layers combined. The organic

phase was washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 4% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 800 mg (62%) of 1-tert-butyl 4- [2-(dimethylamino)ethyl] 4-methylpiperidine-l ,4-dicarboxylate as yellow oil. TLC: Rf = 0.3 ; dichloromethane/methanol=10/l .

A mixture of 1-tert-butyl 4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl] 4-methylpiperidine-l ,4-dicarboxylate (800 mg, 2.54 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 340 mg (53%) of 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl 4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride as a white solid.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol- l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) in DMF (3 mL) was added 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl 4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride (87 mg, 0.35 mmol), DIEA (67.2 mg, 0.52 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 um, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (38.0% MeCN up to 42.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 38.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 49.7 mg (41 %) of the formic acid salt of 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl]acetyl)-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 659.2, RT = 1.23 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.35 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 7.2 Hz), 8.68-8.64 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.09 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 4.16 (t, 2H, J = 5.6 Hz), 3.97-3.93 (m, 1H), 3.75-3.71 (m, 1H), 3.25-3.20 (m, 1H), 3.00-2.94 (m, 1H), 2.48-2.47 (m, 2H), 2.33 (s, 6H), 2.16-1.95 (m, 2H), 1.49-1.44 (m, 2H), 1.18 (s, 3H).

Example 341

piperidin-4-ylmethyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperidine-4-carboxylate

To a solution of l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperidine-4-carboxylic acid (150 mg, 0.26 mmol) in DMF (5 niL) was added tert-butyl 4-(hydroxymethyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate (281 mg, 1.31 mmol), 4-dimethylaminopyridine (10 mg, 0.08 mmol), HATU (120 mg, 0.32 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Then DIEA (68 mg, 0.53 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred for an additional 3 h at room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 150 mg (74%) of [l-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]piperidin-4-yl]methyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol -l-yl]acetyl)piperidine-4-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 771.2, RT = 1.10 min.

A solution of [l-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]piperidin-4-yl]methyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl]acetyl)piperidine-4-carboxylate (150 mg, 0.19 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with 10 mL of methanol. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (30.0% up to 33.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 30.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 82.3 mg (59%) of the formic acid salt of piperidin-4-ylmethyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-

[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperidine-4-carboxylate as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 671.3, RT = 1.58 min. XH NMR (300MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.33 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 6.9 Hz), 8.68-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.5, 7.2 Hz), 7.01 (t, 1H, J = 73.5), 5.25-5.23 (m, 2H), 4.24- 4.19 (m, 1H), 3.93-3.85 (m, 3H), 2.83-2.80 (m, 1H), 2.72-2.64 (m, 3H), 1.92-1.87 (m, 3H), 1.71-1.67 (m, 3H), 1.59-1.48 (m, 1H), 1.44-1.23 (m, 2H).

Example 342


l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH- pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperidine-4-carboxylic acid

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (500 mg, 1.08 mmol) in DMF (5 niL) was added methyl piperidine-4-carboxylate (232.1 mg, 1.62 mmol), DIEA (279.2 mg, 2.16 mmol), HATU (493.5 mg, 1.30 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 500 mg (79%) of methyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperidine-4- carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 588.1, RT = 0.87 min.

K2C03 (500 mg, 3.59 mmol) in H20 (5 mL) was added to methyl l-(2-[3-[5- chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol - 1-yl] acetyl )piperidine-4-carboxylate (500 mg, 0.85 mmol) in methanol (10 mL).The resulting solution was stirred at 50°C overnight and acidified with 1 N HCl to pH 2. The

solids were collected by filtration. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (30.0% MeCN up to 34.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 30.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 390 mg (80%) of l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] - acetyl)piperidine-4-carboxylic acid as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 574.1, RT = 1.11 min. XH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 12.34 (s, IH), 9.76 (s, IH), 9.34 (dd, IH, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, IH), 7.62 (dd, IH, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, IH, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.46 (d, IH, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, IH, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, IH, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.29-5.19 (m, 2H), 4.28-4.18 (m, IH), 3.87-3.84 (m, IH), 3.19- 3.13 (m, IH), 2.83-2.77 (m, IH), 1.86-1.85 (m, 2H), 1.60-1.57 (m, IH), 1.43-1.41 (m, 2H).

Example 343


l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH- pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid

To a solution of 2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a] pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetic acid (500 mg, 1.08 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) was added methyl 4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate (275 mg, 1.75 mmol), DIEA (419 mg, 3.24 mmol), HATU (494 mg, 1.30 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred for 4 h at room temperature. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3% MEOH in DCM. This resulted in 500 mg (77%) of methyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-

[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 602.1, RT = 0.92 min.

To a solution of methyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylate (500 mg, 0.83 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was added a solution of potassium carbonate (700 mg, 5.06 mmol) in water (5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred at 60°C overnight and acidified with 1 N HCl to pH 2. The solids were collected by filtration. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (30.0% MeCN up to 35.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 30.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 26.6 mg of l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 588.2, RT = 2.79 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 12.5 (br, 1H), 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (d, 1H, J = 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.32 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.28-5.18 (m, 2H), 3.96-3.93 (m, 1H), 3.74-3.70 (m, 1H), 3.26-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.01-2.95 (m, 1H), 1.98-1.93 (m, 2H), 1.46-1.30 (m, 2H), 1.18 (s, 3H).

Example 344


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl] - 1 - [2-(4- [methyl [(5 -oxooxolan-2- yl)methyl]amino]piperidin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a cold solution of 5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-one (100 mg, 0.86 mmol), DIEA (340 mg, 2.63 mmol) in DCM (5mL) was added Tf20 (247 mg, 0.88 mmol) at 0°C. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 3 h and quenched with saturated Na2C03 solution. The resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane (x3) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine., dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 180 mg (84%) of (5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate as yellow oil.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l -[2-[4-(methylamino)piperidin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (100 mg, 0.18 mmol) in CH3CN (5 mL) was added DIEA (70 mg, 0.54 mmol) and (5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (66.5 mg, 0.27 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05%FA and MeCN (30.0% up to 36.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 30.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 37 mg (31 %) of N-[3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl] - 1 - [2-(4- [methyl [(5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl]amino]piperidin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a] pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 657.2, RT = 1.68 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.0, 6.8 Hz), 7.09 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.24-5.17 (m, 2H), 4.58-4.54 (m, 1H), 4.41-4.38 (m, 1H), 3.98-3.95 (m, 1H), 3.16-3.03 (m, 1H), 2.69-2.55 (m, 4H), 2.46-2.44 (m, 2H), 2.26 (s, 3H), 2.24-2.16 (m, 1H), 1.88-1.83 (m, 1H), 1.79-1.71 (m, 2H), 1.48-1.44 (m, 1H), 1.29-1.21 (m, 1H).

Example 345

methyl 3-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)piperidin-4-yl] (methyl)amino]propanoate

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-aminopiperidine-l-carboxylate (1.00 g, 4.99 mmol) in CH3CN (20 mL) was added potassium carbonate (1.38 g, 9.99 mmol) and methyl 3- bromopropanoate (3.34 g, 20.00 mmol). The resulting solution was heated to reflux for 20 h and cooled to room temperature. Water (100 mL) and DCM (100 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with DCM. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 4% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 300 mg (21%) of tert-butyl 4-[(3- methoxy-3-oxopropyl)amino] piperidine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 287.0, RT = 1.06 min.

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-[(3-methoxy-3-oxopropyl)amino]piperidine-l- carboxylate (300 mg, 1.05 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was added polyformaldehyde (HCHO)n (90 mg, 3.00 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 hr, then NaBH3CN (130 mg, 2.07 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and quenched with water (0.5 mL). The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 4% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 300 mg (crude) of tert-butyl 4-[(3-methoxy-3-oxopropyl)(methyl)amino]piperidine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 301.0, RT = 1.08 min.

A solution of tert-butyl 4-[(3-methoxy-3-oxopropyl)(methyl)amino]piperidine-l- carboxylate (300 mg, 1.00 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum.

This resulted in 300 mg (crude) of methyl 3-[methyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino]propanoate hydrochloride as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 201.0, RT= 0.31 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid trifluoroacetate (100 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was added methyl 3-[methyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino] propanoate hydrochloride (62 mg, 0.26 mmol), DIEA (67.2 mg, 0.52 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (10: 1). The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (37.0% up to 43.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 37.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 45.2 mg (38%) of the formic acid salt of methyl 3-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [1,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)piperidin-4-yl] (methyl)amino]propanoate as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 645.2, RT = 1.64 min. 1H NMR (300MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, IH), 9.35 (dd, IH, J = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, IH), 7.63 (dd, IH, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, IH, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.46 (d, IH, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.29 (dd, IH, J = 4.5, 7.2 Hz), 7.04 (t, IH, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.33-5.27 (m, 2H), 4.52-4.48 (m, IH), 4.10-4.06 (m, IH), 3.66 (s, 3H), 3.51-3.34 (m, 2H), 3.16-3.08 (m, 2H), 2.86-2.51 (m, 6H), 2.28-1.99 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.70 (m, IH), 1.55-1.45 (m, IH).

Example 346

N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluor omethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2- ( [ [4- (methylsulfanyl)phenyl]methyl]amino)ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide formate

solution of N-[l -(2-aminoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide (130 mg, 0.29 mmol) in methanol (5 mL) was added 4-(methylsulfanyl)benzaldehyde (66.3 mg, 0.44 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 2 hr, then NaBH3CN (27.5 mg, 0.44 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and quenched with water (1 mL). The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19* 150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (30.0% up to 37.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 30.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 39.6 mg (23%) of the formic acid salt of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l -[2-([[4-(methylsulfanyl)phenyl] methyl] amino)-ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 584.2, RT = 2.23 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.74 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.61 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.59 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.31 -7.27 (m, 3H), 7.18 (d, 2H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.07 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 4.25 (t, 2H, J = 5.2 Hz), 3.70 (s, 2H), 2.95-2.92 (m, 2H), 2.50 (s, 3H).

Example 347

N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2- [4-(2-oxooxan-4-yl)piperazin- 1 - yl]ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl piperazine-l-carboxylate (500 mg, 2.68 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) was added 5,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-2-one (530 mg, 5.40 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 20 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 550 mg (72%) of tert-butyl 4-(2- oxooxan-4-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 285.0, RT= 0.53 min.

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-(2-oxooxan-4-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (550 mg, 1.93 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (10 mL) was stirred overnight at room temperature. The solids were collected by filtration. This resulted in 335 mg (78%) of 4- (piperazin-l-yl)oxan-2-one hydrochloride as a white solid.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid trifluoroacetate (100 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was added 4-(piperazin-l-yl)oxan-2-one hydrochloride (76 mg, 0.34 mmol), DIEA (67.2 mg, 0.52 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC- 005): Column, XBridge Prep Cis OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (35.0% up to 39.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 35.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 14.5 mg (13%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-oxo-2-[4-(2- oxooxan-4-yl)piperazin-l-yl]ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 629.1, RT = 1.44 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 2.0, 7.2 Hz), 8.69- 8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.24 (s, 2H), 4.35-4.29 (m, 1H), 4.19-4.16 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.32 (m, 6H), 3.02-2.99 (m, 1H), 2.69-2.51 (m, 4H), 2.08-1.98 (m, 1H), 1.77-1.75 (m, 1H).

Example 348


N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2- [4-(morpholin-4-ylmethyl)piperidin- 1 -yl] - 2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide To a solution of tert-butyl 4-formylpiperidine-l-carboxylate (1.00 g, 4.69 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL) was added morpholine (613 mg, 7.04 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred for 6 hr, then NaBH3CN (444 mg, 7.07 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and quenched with H20 (1 mL). The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 1.0 g (75%) of tert-butyl 4-(morpholin-4-ylmethyl) piperidine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 285.0, RT = 0.59 min.

A solution of tert-butyl 4-(morpholin-4-ylmethyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate (1.0 g, 3.52 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. This resulted in 660 mg (85%) of 4-(piperidin-4-ylmethyl)morpholine hydrochloride as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 185.0, RT= 0.30 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (150 mg, 0.26 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added 4-(piperidin-4-ylmethyl)morpholine hydrochloride (69 mg, 0.31 mmol), DIEA (101.2 mg, 0.78 mmol), HATU (119.2 mg, 0.31 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 10 mmol NH4HCO3 and MeCN (25.0% MeCN up to 36.0% in 10 min,

up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 25.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 61mg (37%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2- [4-(morpholin-4-ylmethyl)piperidin- 1 -yl] -2-oxoethyl] - lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 629.2, RT = 1.55 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.0, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.27-5.16 (m, 2H), 4.34-4.30 (m, 1H), 3.92-3.89 (m, 1H), 3.56 (t, 4H, J = 4.2 Hz), 3.17-3.06 (m, 1H), 2.67-2.59 (m, 1H), 2.39-2.25 (m, 4H), 2.13-2.12 (m, 2H), 1.90-1.71 (m, 3H), 1.20-1.08 (m, 1H), 0.97-0.95 (m, 1H).

Example 349


N- [3- [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2- [4-(4-methylpiperazin- 1 -yl)piperidin- 1 - yl]-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-oxopiperidine-l-carboxylate (1.00 g, 5.02 mmol) in MeOH (50 mL) was added 1-methylpiperazine (1.0 g, 9.98 mmol) and AcOH (0.1 mL, 1.75 mmol). The reaction was stirred 3 h and NaBH3CN (378 mg, 6.02 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. The reaction was then and quenched with saturated NH4C1 (2 mL). The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 8% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 800 mg (39%) of tert-butyl 4-(4- methylpiperazin-l-yl)piperidine-l-carboxylate as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 284.0, RT = 0.97 min.

A solution of tert-butyl 4-(4-methylpiperazin-l-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (800 mg, 1.97 mmol) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (15 mL) was stirred at room

temperature for 3 h. The solids were collected by filtration and dried. This resulted in 600 mg (83%) of l-methyl-4-(piperazin-l-yl)piperazine hydrochloride as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 184.0, RT = 0.32 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (200 mg, 0.35 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) was added l-methyl-4-(piperidin-4-yl)piperazine hydrochloride (170 mg, 0.77 mmol), DIEA (134.4 mg, 1.04 mmol), HATU (160 mg, 0.42 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (25.0% up to 34.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 25.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 74.3 mg (32%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-[4-(4-methylpiperazin-l-yl)piperidin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide formate as a off-white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 628.2, RT = 2.20 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.36-9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.0, 6.8 Hz), 7.09 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.25-5.21 (m, 2H), 4.36-4.29 (m, 1H), 3.98-3.79 (m, 1H), 3.10-3.00 (m, 1H), 2.69-2.51 (m, 1H), 2.49-2.32 (m, 8H), 2.18 (s, 3H), 1.91-1.86 (m, 2H), 1.47-1.41 (m, 1H), 1.39-1.25 (m, 1H).

Example 350


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [4- [(4-methylpiperazin- 1 - yl)methyl]piperidin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

A solution of tert-butyl 4-formylpiperidine-l -carboxylate (1 g, 4.69 mmol) and 1-methylpiperazine (703 mg, 7.02 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was stirred for 6 h, then NaBH3CN (444 mg, 7.07 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and quenched with water (1 mL). The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 5% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 1.1 g (79%) of tert-butyl 4-[(4-methylpiperazin-l-yl)methyl]piperidine-l -carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 298.0, RT = 0.46 min.

A mixture of tert-butyl 4- [(4-methylpiperazin- l-yl)methyl]piperidine-l-carboxylate (1.1 g, 3.70 mmol,) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The solids were collected by filtration. This resulted in 560 mg (65%) of l-methyl-4-(piperidin-4-ylmethyl)piperazinehydrochloride as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 198.0, RT= 0.32 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) in DMF (2 mL) was added l-methyl-4-(piperidin-4-ylmethyl)piperazine hydrochloride (49 mg, 0.21 mmol), DIEA (67.2 mg, 0.52 mmol), HATU (79.2 mg, 0.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XB ridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with lOmmol NH4HCO3 and MeCN (20.0% MeCN up to30.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 20.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 52.7 mg (47%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[4-[(4-methylpiperazin-l-yl)methyl]piperidin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 642.2, P T = 1.55 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.54 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.26-5.16 (m, 2H), 4.37-4.30 (m, 1H), 3.93-3.87 (m, 1H), 3.11-3.05 (m, 1H), 2.67- 2.59 (m, 1H), 2.49-2.23 (m, 8H), 2.16-2.12 (m, 5H), 1.83-1.71 (m, 3H), 1.10-1.07 (m, 1H), 0.97-0.88 (m, 1H).

Example 351


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2-oxo-2- [4- [(5-oxo-2,5- dihydrofuran-3- yl)methyl]piperazin-l-yl]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-oxo-2- (piperazin- 1 -yl)ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[ 1 ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide ( 100 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was added DIEA (48.8 mg, 0.38 mmol), 4- (bromomethyl)-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-one (66.4 mg, 0.38 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 4 h and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep C18 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (34.0% up to 39.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 34.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 53.4 mg (45 % ) of N- [3- [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2-oxo-2- [4- [(5-oxo-2,5 - dihydrofuran-3-yl)methyl]piperazin-l-yl]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 627.1, RT = 1.55 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.35 (d, 1H, J = 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.0 Hz), 7.09 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 6.12 (s, 1H), 5.25 (s, 2H), 4.91 (s, 2H), 3.51 (t, 4H, J = 5.4 Hz), 3.41 (s, 2H), 2.50- 2.40 (m, 4H).

Example 352


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-(4-[methyl[(5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-3- yl)methyl]amino]piperidin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-[4- (methylamino)piperidin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide (lOOmg, 0.18 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) was added DIEA (46 mg, 0.36 mmol), 4-(bromomethyl)-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-one (63mg, 0.36 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 um, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (40.0% up to 48.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 40.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This resulted in 15.5 mg (13%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-(4- [methyl[(5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)methyl]amino]piperidin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method

20) [M+H]+ = 655.2, RT = 1.91 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8,

8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz),

7.09 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 6.04 (s, 1H), 5.24-5.22 (m, 2H), 4.86 (d, 2H, J = 1.2 Hz), 4.39- 3.37 (m, 1H), 4.01-3.93 (m, 1H), 3.47 (s, 2H), 3.10-3.01 (m, 1H), 2.67-2.62 (m, 2H), 2.20 (s, 3H), 1.76-1.73 (m, 2H), 1.56-1.42 (m, 1H), 1.40-1.29 (m, 1H).

Example 353


3- [4-(2- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - lH-pyrazol-l-yl] acetyl )piperazin-l-yl]propanoic acid

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (200 mg, 0.35 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) was added ethyl 3-(piperazin-l-yl)propanoate hydrochloride (90 mg, 0.40 mmol), DIEA (179.25 mg, 1.39 mmol), HATU (158.20 mg, 0.42 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 6 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 10% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 270 mg (crude) of ethyl 3-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 - yl] acetyl )piperazin-l-yl]propanoate as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 631.2, RT= 0.66 min.

To a solution of ethyl 3-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperazin- 1 -yl]propanoate (270 mg, 0.43 mmol) in ethanol (10 mL) was added KOH (200 mg, 3.56 mmol) and water (4 mL). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 h and neutralized with 1 N HC1 solution. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (Prep-HPLC-005): Column, XBridge Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 5 urn, 19*150 mm; mobile phase, water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (27.0% up to 35.0% in 10 min, up to 95.0% in 1 min, hold 95.0% in 1 min, down to 27.0% in 2 min); Detector, UV 254/220 nm. This

resulted in 31.5 mg (1 1 %) of the formic acid salt of 3-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -acetyl)piperazin-l -yl]propanoic acid as a off-white solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 603.1 , RT = 0.81 min. lH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.4, 7.0 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.0 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 5.24 (s, 1H), 3.50-3.47 (m, 4H), 2.57 (t, 2H, J = 7.2 Hz), 2.49-2.39 (m, 6H).

Example 354


tert-butyl (3R,4R)-4-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l ,5- a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -3-hydroxypiperidine- 1 -carboxylate

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (600 mg, 1.482 mmol) in 1 ,2-dichloroethane (15 mL) was added Yb(OTf)3 (300 mg, 0.484 mmol), tert-butyl 7-oxa-3-azabicyclo [4.1.0]heptane-3-carboxylate (1.20 g, 6.02 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred t at 65°C overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (4/1). The regioisomeric/enantiomeric mixtures (500 mg) were separated by Chiral-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions: Column, Phenomenex Lux 5u Cellulose-4£-iAXIA Packed 250*21.2mm,5um;; mobile phase, Mobile Phase A: Hexane, Mobile Phase B: Ethanol; Flow rate: 20 mL/min; Gradient: 35 B to 35 B in 28 min; RT 1 : 10; RT 2: 13; Detector,

254/220 nm. 30 mg product was obtained which Alpha (25 degree C, Hex : EtOH = 60:40) to give 31.3 mg (3.5%) of tert-butyl (3R,4R)-4-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -3 -hydroxypiperidine-l-carboxylate as a solid. (This single isomer is the first peak in Chiral-HPLC with the above condition). LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 604.3, RT = 2.08 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 9.10 (dd, 1H, J = 1.4, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.40 (s, 1H), 7.70 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.55 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.40 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.21 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 6.59 (t, 1H, J = 73.7 Hz), 4.37-4.03 (m, 4H), 3.03 (m, 1H), 2.15 (m, 1H), 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.52 (m, 9H).

Example 355


assumed

tert-butyl (3S,4S)-4-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -3-hydroxypiperidine- 1 -carboxylate

(This single isomer is the second peak in Chiral-HPLC with the above condition) to give 30.5 mg (3.5%) of tert-butyl (3S, 4S)-4-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]-3-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate as a solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 604.3, RT = 2.08 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 9.10 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.40 (s, 1H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.40 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.26-7.22 (m, 1H), 6.59 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.37-4.03 (m, 4H), 3.03 (m, 1H), 2.15 (m, 1H), 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.52 (m, 9H).

Example 356

tert-butyl (3R,4R)-3-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrirnidine-3 -arnido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -4-hydroxypiperidine- 1 -carboxylate

(This single isomer is the third peak in Chiral-HPLC with the above condition) to give 24.8 mg (2.8%) of tert-butyl (3R, 4R)-3-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -4-hydroxypiperidine- 1 -carboxylate as a solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 604.3, RT = 2.08 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 9.10 (dd, IH, J = 1.2, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.65 (m, 2H), 8.38 (s, IH), 7.69 (s, IH), 7.55 (d, IH, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.39 (d, IH, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.25-7.22 (m, IH), 6.83 (t, IH, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.38-4.35 (m, IH), 4.25-4.15 (m, 2H), 4.01-3.93 (m, IH), 2.97 (m, IH), 2.77 (m, IH), 2.17-2.13 (m, 2H), 1.53 (m, 9H).

Example 357


assumed

tert-butyl (3S,4S)-3-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -4-hydroxypiperidine- 1 -carboxylate (This single isomer is the fourth peak in Chiral-HPLC with the above condition) to give 24.9 mg (2.8%) of tert-butyl (3S, 4S)-3-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -4-hydroxypiperidine- 1 -carboxylate as a solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 604.3, RT = 2.08 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 9.10 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.65 (m, 2H), 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.69 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.42-7.39 (d, 1H, J = 8.1 Hz), 7.25-7.22 (m, 1H), 6.58 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.38-4.35 (m, 1H), 4.25-4.15 (m, 2H), 4.01-3.93 (m, 1H), 2.97 (m, 1H), 2.77 (m, 1H), 2.15-2.14 (m, 2H), 1.53 (m, 9H).

Example 358


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[(3R,4R)-3-hydroxypiperidin-4-yl]- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (Assumed)

A mixture of the first peak from Example 357 chiral separation (20 mg, 0.033 mmol) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (4 m) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 18 mg (100%) of N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(3R,4R)-3-hydroxypiperidin-4-yl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide hydrochloride (assumed) as a solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 504.2, RT = 1.38 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD-d4) δ: (ppm) 9.10 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.67-8.65 (m, 2H), 8.44 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.56 (dd, 1H, J = 2.5, 8.8 Hz), 7.40 (d, 1H, J = 9 Hz), 7.21 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.1 Hz), 6.85 (t, 1H, J = 73.4Hz), 4.45-4.43 (m, 1H), 4.28-4.23 (m, 1H), 3.77-3.50 (m, 4H), 2.32-2.27 (m, 1H), 1.91-1.86 (m, 1H).

Example 359

N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]- 1-[(3S, 4S)-3-hydroxypiperidin-4-yl]-lH- pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (Assumed)

A mixture of the second peak from Example 357 chiral separation (Example 358) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (4 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 20 mg (86%) of N-[3-[5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl] - 1 - [(3S , 4S)-3 -hydroxypiperidin-4-yl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide hydrochloride (assumed) as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 504.2, RT = 1.71 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD-d4) δ: (ppm) 9.10 (d, 1H, J = 6.9 Hz), 8.66-8.64 (m, 2H), 8.43 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.55 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.21 (dd, 1H, J = 4.1, 6.9 Hz), 6.60 (t, 1H, J = 73.4 Hz), 4.47-4.44 (m, 1H), 4.28-4.21 (m, 1H), 3.77-3.50 (m, 4H), 2.31-2.26 (m, 1H), 1.93-1.82 (m, 1H).

Example 360


N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(3R,4R)-4-hydroxypiperidin-3 -yl] - 1 H- pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (Assumed absolute)

A mixture of the third peak from Example 357 chiral separation (Example 359) (20 mg, 0.033 mmol) and saturated HCl dioxane solution was stirred room temperature for 2 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 11.3 mg (63%)

of N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(3R,4R)-4- hydroxypiperidin-3 -yl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide hydrochloride as a solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 504.2, RT = 1.38 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 9.12 (d, 1H, J = 6.0 Hz), 8.73-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.41 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, 1H, J = 1.5 Hz), 7.57 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.7Hz), 7.42 (d, 1H, J = 5.7 Hz), 7.23(dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.1 Hz), 6.62 (t, 1H, J = 73.4 Hz), 4.46-4.4.28 (m, 2H), 3.69-3.61 (m, 2H), 3.26(m, 1H), 3.11-3.04 (m, 1H), 2.72-2.24 (m, 2H).

Example 361


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[(3S, 4S)-4-hydroxypiperidin-3- yl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide

A mixture of fourth peak from Example 357 (Example 360) (26 mg) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (4 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 22.4 mg (96%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(3 S ,4S)-4-hydroxypiperidin-3-yl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl] pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide hydrochloride as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 504.2, RT = 1.73 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 9.08 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 8.64-8.63 (m, 2H), 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, 1H, J = 2.1 Hz), 7.53 (dd, 1H, J = 2.1, 9.0 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.19 (dd, 1H, J = 4.8, 6.3 Hz), 6.58 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.39-4.4.27 (m, 2H), 3.74-3.40 (m, 2H), 3.31 (m, 1H), 3.07-3.00 (m, 1H), 2.44-2.43 (m, 2H).

Example 362

ethyl 2-[(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine- 3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]ethyl)(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)amino]acetate

To a solution of N-[l-(2-bromoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (510 mg, 1.00 mmol) in EtOH (30 mL) was added, triethylamine (1.01 g, 9.98 mmol) and ethyl 2-aminoacetate hydrochloride (681 mg, 4.88 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at 80°C for 24 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 420 mg (79%) of ethyl 2-[(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]ethyl)amino]acetate as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 534.0, RT = 1.18 min.

To a solution of ethyl 2-[(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]ethyl)amino]acetate (420 mg, 0.79 mmol) in EtOH (30 mL) was added AcOH (0.1 mL, 1.75 mmol), pyridine-3-carbaldehyde (126 mg, 1.18 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 h and NaBH3CN (99 mg, 1.58 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at 60°C for 12 h. The solids were filtered out. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 3% MeOH in DCM. The crude product (100 mg) was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-2): Column, C18 silica gel; mobile phase, CH3CN:H20 = 5:95 increasing to CH3CN:H2O=24:40 within 12 min; Detector, UV 254 nm. 26 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 25.6 mg (5%) of ethyl 2-[(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] - ethyl)(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)amino] acetate as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 625.3, RT = 1.68 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.35 (d, 1H, J = 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.39-8.37 (m, 3H), 7.63-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.51 (s, 1H), 7.43 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.31-7.25 (m, 2H), 7.04 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 4.30-4.27 (m, 2H), 4.07 (q, 2H, J = 6.8 Hz), 3.82 (s, 2H), 3.44 (s, 2H), 3.15-3.11 (m, 2H), 1.17 (t, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).

Example 363


2-[(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]- lH-pyrazol-l-yl]ethyl)(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)amino]acetic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]ethyl)(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)amino]acetate (180 mg, 0.29 mmol), ethanol (10 mL) and 1 N sodium hydroxide (2 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 30 min. The mixture was acidified with 1 HCl to pH 5. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product (200 mg) was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column, CI 8 silica gel; mobile phase, CH3CN:H20=5:95 increasing to CH3CN:H20 = 24:40 within 12 min; Detector, UV 254 nm. 8.6 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 8.6 mg (5%) of 2-[(2- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5-a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol-l-yl]ethyl)(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)amino]acetic acid formate as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 597.2, RT = 2.72 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.72 (s, 1H), 9.34 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.39-8.37 (m, 3H), 7.63-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.51 (d, 1H, J = 2.1 Hz), 7.43 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.32-7.22 (m, 2H), 6.99 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.33-4.22 (m, 2H), 3.83 (s, 2H), 3.334 (s, 2H), 3.15-3.07 (m, 2H).

Example 364


ethyl 2- [[ 1 -(2- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3 - amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperidin-4-yl]amino]acetate

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (665 mg, 1.44 mmol) in DMF (7 mL) was added tert-butyl N-(piperidin-4-yl)carbamate (300 mg, 1.50 mmol), triethylamine (700 mg, 6.92 mmol), HATU (670 g, 2.78 mol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 h. EtOAc (100 mL) and water (50 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The organic layer was, washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/hexane (1/1). This resulted in 600 mg (65%) of tert-butyl N-[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperidin-4-yl]carbamate as a yellow solid. TLC: Rf = 0.3; ethyl acetate/petroleum ether = 1/1.

TFA (2.0 mL, 26.93 mmol) was added to a solution of tert-butyl N-[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperidin-4-yl]carbamate (600 mg, 0.93 mmol) in dichloromethane (8 mL). The resulting solution was stirred room temperature for 2 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate (100 mL), and saturated NaHCOs (50 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The organic layer was washed with saturated NaHCOs, brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 450 mg (89%) of N-[l-[2-(4-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]- 3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a yellow solid. TLC: Rf = 0.3; MeOH/DCM = 1/5.

To a solution of N-[l-[2-(4-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (126 mg, 0.24 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (76 mg, 0.55 mmol), ethyl 2-bromoacetate (0.03 mL, 0.27 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 25°C for 1 h and diluted with 100 mL of ethyl acetate. Water (50 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The organic phase was wshed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column: Xbridge CI 8, 19*150 mm, 5 urn; Mobile Phase A: Water/0.05% NH4HCO3, Mobile Phase B: ACN; Flow rate: 30 mL/min; Gradient: 20%B to 85%B in 10 min; 254nm. This resulted in 29.3 mg (98%) of ethyl 2-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [1 ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperidin-4-yl] amino] acetate as a white solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 631.2, RT = 1.89 min. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 8.98 (d, 1H, J = 6.8 Hz), 8.53-8.52 (m, 2H), 8.25 (s, 1H), 7.58 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.44 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.09 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 6.51 (t, 1H, J = 73.6 Hz), 5.20-5.13 (m, 2H), 4.32 (d, 1H, J = 13.2 Hz), 4.07 (q, 2H, J = 7.2 Hz), 3.91 (d, 1H, J = 13.2 Hz), 3.36 (s, 2H), 3.21-3.09 (m, 1H), 2.78-2.68 (m, 2H), 1.94-1.83 (m, 2H), 1.34-1.22 (m, 2H), 1.16 (t, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).

Example 365


2-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperidin-4-yl] amino] acetic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperidin-4-yl] amino] -acetate (200 mg, 0.32 mmol), KOH (100 mg, 1.78 mmol) in methanol (5 mL) was stirred at 25°C for 12 h. The crude product was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column: Xbridge C18, 19*150 mm, 5 um; Mobile Phase A: Water/0.05% NH4HCO3, Mobile Phase B: ACN; Flow rate: 30 mL/min; Gradient: 20%B to 85%B in 10 min; 254nm. This resulted in 28.5 mg (15%) of 2-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -acetyl )piperidin-4-yl] amino] acetic acid as a white solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 603.1, RT = 1.39 min. XH NMR (400MHz, CD30D-J4) δ: (ppm) 8.98 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 6.8 Hz), 8.54-8.53 (m, 2H), 8.24 (s, 1H), 7.57 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.45 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.30 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.09 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 6.70 (t, 1H, J = 73.4 Hz), 5.23-5.10 (m, 2H), 4.54 (d, 1H, J = 13.2 Hz), 4.05 (d, 1H, J = 13.6 Hz), 3.45 (s, 2H), 3.30-3.11 (m, 4H), 2.71-2.65 (m, 1H), 2.11-2.05 (m, 1H), 1.58-1.43 (m, 2H).

Example 366


ethyl 2-(4-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl]piperidin- 1 -yl)acetate

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-hydroxypiperidine-l-carboxylate (1 g, 4.97 mmol) in

DCM (50 mL) was added DIEA (2.00 g, 15.47 mmol), 4-dimethylaminopyridine (10 mg, 0.08 mmol) and MsCl (862 mg, 7.53 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 12 h, washed with water and brine. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by

flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/1). This resulted in 860 mg (62%) of tert-butyl 4-(methanesulfonyloxy)piperidine-l-carboxylate as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 224.0, RT = 1.42 min.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (500 mg, 1.24 mmol) in MeCN (50 mL) was added CS2CO3 (1.21 g, 3.71 mmol), tert-butyl 4-(methanesulfonyloxy)piperidine-l-carboxylate (828 mg, 2.96 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at 80°C for 18 h. The solids were filtered out. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 2% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 1.1 g (crude) of tert-butyl 4-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl]piperidine- 1 -carboxylate as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 588.0, RT = 1.17 min.

A mixture of crude product from previous step tert-butyl 4-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -piperidine-1 -carboxylate (1.1 g) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 8 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in ethanol (20 mL) and neutralized with 2 N NaOH to pH~8. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 15% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 320 mg (35%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(piperidin-4-yl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a yellow solid.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(piperidin-4-yl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (320 mg, 0.66 mmol) in ethanol (20 mL) was added 50% ethyl 2-oxoacetate hydrate (268 mg, 1.31 mmol), AcOH (0.1 mL, 1.75 mmol) and NaBH3CN (83 mg, 1.32 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at 60°C for 12 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 2% MeOH in DCM. The crude product (100 mg) was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column, silica gel; mobile phase, CH3CN:H20 = 5:95 increasing to CH3CN:H20 = 55:75 within 12 min; Detector, UV 254 nm. 25.3 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 25.3 mg (7%) of ethyl 2-(4-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-

a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]piperidin-l-yl)acetate as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 574.2, RT = 2.70 min. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.36 (s, 1H), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.63-7.25 (m, 5H), 4.25-4.23 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.10 (m, 2H), 3.28-3.27 (m, 2H), 3.01-2.98 (m, 2H), 2.42-2.40 (m, 2H), 2.12-1.98 (m, 4H), 1.25-1.20 (m, 3H).

Example 367


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2- [( 1 ,3-oxazol-2- ylmethyl)amino]ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of N-[l-(2-aminoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) in MeOH (15 mL) was added l,3-oxazole-2-carbaldehyde (21.7 mg, 0.22 mmol), followed by NaBH3CN (16 mg, 0.25 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 5% MeOH in DCM. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (2#-AnalyseHPLC-SHIMADZU(HPLC-IO)): Column, XBridge BEH130 Prep C18 OBD Column, 19&#65533;100mm 5um 13nm; mobile phase, Water with 10 mM NH4C03 and ACN (20% ACN up to 50% in 6 min); Detector, UV 254/220nm. 52.7 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 52.7 mg (45%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-1 - [2- [( 1 ,3-oxazol-2-ylmethyl)amino] ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[ 1 ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 529.2, RT = 2.42 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD-J4) δ: (ppm) 9.08 (dd, 1H, J = 1.7, 7.1 Hz), 8.66-8.63 (m, 2H), 8.34 (s, 1H), 7.87 (d, 1H, J = 0.6 Hz), 7.67 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.53 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.7 Hz), 7.38 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.19 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.2 Hz), 7.13 (d, 1H, J = 0.6 Hz), 6.55 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.33 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.95 (s, 2H), 3.14 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz).

Example 368


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-[(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)amino]ethyl]- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of N-[l-(2-bromoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]- 1H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (150 mg, 0.29 mmol) and pyridin-3-ylmethanamine (158 mg, 1.46 mmol) in MeCN (3 mL) was stirred at 70°C for 12 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-2): Column, C18 silica gel; mobile phase, CH3CN:H20 = 5:95 increasing to CH3CN:H20 = 30:42 within 12 min; Detector, UV 254 nm. This resulted in 57.7 mg (37%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-[(pyridin-3-ylmethyl)amino]ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 539.1, RT = 0.87 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.33 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.50 (d, 1H, J = 1.8 Hz), 8.41 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 4.8 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.73-7.70 (m, 1H), 7.61 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.59 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.43 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.33-7.28 (m, 2H), 6.99 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.24 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.75-3.72 (m, 2H), 3.01-2.94 (m, 2H), 2.27 (br, 1H).

Example 369


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(2S)-2-(methylamino)propyl] - 1 H- pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of (2S)-2-aminopropan-l-ol (1.0 g, 13.31 mmol) in MeOH (30 mL) was added, 4-methoxybenzaldehyde (1.8 g, 13.22 mmol). NaBH3CN (600 mg) was then added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. The solids were filtered out. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 2.1 g (crude) of (2S)-2-[[(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl]amino]propan-l-ol as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 27) [M+H]+ = 196.0, RT = 0.95 min.

To a solution of (2S)-2-[[(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl]amino]propan-l-ol (2.1 g,

10.75 mmol) and 37% formaldehyde (900 mg) in methanol (50 mL) was added AcOH (0.1 mL, 1.75 mmol) and NaBH3CN (1.8 g, 28.64 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 5 h, quenched with water (10 mL) and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in dichloromethane (100 mL), washed with water and brine. The organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 10% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 1.0 g (44%) of (2S)-2-[[(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl](methyl)amino]propan-l-ol as colorless oil. LCMS (Method 21) [M+H]+ = 210.0, RT = 0.92 min.

MsCl (250 mg, 2.18 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirring solution of (2S)-2- [[(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl](methyl)amino]propan-l-ol (400 mg, 1.91 mmol) and DIEA (516 mg, 3.99 mmol) in DCM (15 mL) at 0°C. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 5 h and quenched water (50 mL). Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with DCM (x2) and the organic layers combined. The organic phases were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 510 mg (crude) of [(2S)-l-chloropropan-2-yl][(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl]methylamine as light red oil. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 228.0, RT = 0.55 min.

A 20-mL microwave vial was charged with N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]-pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (400 mg, 0.99 mmol), Cs2C03 (652 mg, 2.00 mmol), DMF (10 mL) and [(2S)-1-chloropropan-2-yl][(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl]methylamine (454 mg, 1.99 mmol). The vessel was evacuated and refilled with nitrogen 3 times. The final reaction mixture was irradiated with microwave radiation for 30 min at 120°C. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 50 mL of water. The resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane (x2) and the organic layers combined.and the organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with dichloromethane/ethyl acetate (1 :1). This resulted in 420 m of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[(2S)-2-[[(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl](methyl)amino]propyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide and N-[5-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[(2S)-2-[[(4-methoxyphenyl)methyl](methyl)amino]propyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide mixture. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 596.0, RT = 0.81 min.

To the regioisomeric mixture from previous step (200 mg) in CH3CN (20 mL) was added chloro(l-chloroethoxy)methanone (240 mg, 1.68 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at 80°C for 5 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum and dissolved with 20 mL of methanol. The resulting solution was stirred at 80°C for 12 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 5% MeOH in DCM. The crude product (120 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (3#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep C18 OBD Column,5um, 19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with lOmmol NH4HC03 and MeCN (26.0% MeCN up to 40.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. Two fractions were obtained with the major isomer (36.3 mg) as the title compound. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 476.2, RT = 2.53 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm)

9.73 (s, 1H), 9.33 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 6.9 Hz), 8.68-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.65-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.43 (d, 1H, J = 7.2 Hz), 7.27 (dd, 1H, J = 4.5, 7.2 Hz), 6.97 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.11 (dd, 1H, J = 6.3, 13.5 Hz), 4.01 (dd, 1H, J = 6.0, 13.5 Hz), 2.97-2.91 (m, 1H), 2.29 (s, 3H), 1.76 (br, 1H), 0.95 (d, 3H, J = 6.3 Hz).

Example 370


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(2S)-2-(dimethylamino)propyl] - 1 H- pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of N-[l-[(2S)-2-aminopropyl]-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (170 mg, 0.37 mmol) in MeOH (15 mL) was added 37% formaldehyde solution (16.6 mg, 0.55 mmol), NaBH3CN (23.3 mg, 0.37 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 12 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 10% MeOH in DCM. The crude product (80 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (l#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep CI 8 OBD Column,5um, 19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with 10 mM NH4C03 and MeCN (20.0% MeCN up to 35.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. This resulted in 29 mg (16%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[(2S)-2-(dimethylamino)propyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 10) [M+H]+ = 490.1, RT = 0.84 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, / = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.34 (s, 1H), 7.61 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1H, J = 2.1 Hz), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.5, 7.2 Hz), 6.99 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.22 (dd, 1H, J = 7.2, 13.8 Hz), 4.02 (dd, 1H, J = 6.9, 13.8 Hz), 3.20-3.18 (m, 1H), 2.22 (s, 6H), 0.88 (d, 3H, J = 6.6 Hz).

Example 371


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(2S)-2-(ethylamino)propyl] - 1 H-pyrazol- 4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of N-[l-[(2S)-2-aminopropyl]-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (200 mg, 0.43 mmol) in EtOH (20 mL) was added acetaldehyde (48 mg, 40% aqueous solution) and NaBH3CN (32.7 mg, 0.52 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 12 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 5% MeOH in DCM. The crude product (60 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (3#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep Ci8 OBD Column,5um, 19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with 10 mM NH4C03 and MeCN (26.0% MeCN up to 40.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. 24.2 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 24.2 mg (11%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[(2S)-2-(ethylamino)propyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 490.1, RT = 0.86 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.74 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.68-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.34 (s, 1H), 7.64 (d, 1H, J = 2.1 Hz), 7.60 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.4 Hz), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.0, 7.2 Hz), 7.04 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.11 (dd, 1H, J = 6.0, 13.6 Hz), 4.01 (dd, 1H, J = 6.2, 13.6 Hz), 3.08-3.00 (m, 1H), 2.68-2.50 (m, 2H), 1.52 (br, 1H), 0.97 (t, 3H, J = 7.0 Hz), 0.95 (d, 3H, J = 6.4 Hz).

Example 372


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [4- [2-(methylsulf anyl)ethyl]piperazin- l-yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl piperazine-l-carboxylate (1.00 g, 5.37 mmol) in DMF (30 mL) was added l-chloro-2-(methylsulfanyl)ethane (710 mg, 6.42 mmol), CS2CO3 (2.6 g, 7.98 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 50°C for 12 h. Water (50 mL) and EtOAc (30 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (x2) and the organic layers combined. The organic phases were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 :2). This resulted in 180 mg (13%) of tert-butyl 4-[2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl] piperazine-l-carboxylate as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 261, RT = 0.63 min.

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-[2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate (180 mg, 0.69 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) and trifluoroacetic acid (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in 5 mL of dioxane-HCl. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 120 mg (88%) of l-[2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl]piperazine hydrochloride as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 161.1, RT = 0.21 mm.

To a solution of { 3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol- l-yl} acetic acid (120 mg, 0.26 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was adde, l-[2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl]piperazine hydrochloride (102 mg, 0.52 mmol), HATU (119 mg, 0.31 mmol), DIEA (168 mg, 1.30 mmol), . The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. Water (50 mL) was added. The resulting solution was extracted with DCM (x3) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product (150 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (l#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep CI 8 OBD Column,5um, 19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with lOmmol NH4HC03 and MeCN (20.0% MeCN up to 35.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. This resulted in 44.2 mg (28% ) of N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [4- [2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl] -piperazin-l -yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]-pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 605.2, RT = 1.61 min. lH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.50-3.47 (m, 4H), 2.67-2.56 (m, 4H), 2.2.47-2.33 (m, 4H), 2.08 (s, 3H).

Example 373


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2- [4-(propan-2-yl)piperazin- 1 - yl]ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of { 3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol- l-yl} acetic acid (150 mg, 0.32 mmol) in DMF

(10 niL) was added DIEA (126 mg, 0.97 mmol), 1 -(propan-2-yl)piperazine (126 mg, 0.98 mmol) and HATU (185 mg, 0.49 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product (200 mg) was purified by Flash- Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column, CI 8 silica gel; mobile phase, CH3CN:H20=5:95 increasing to CH3CN:H2O=40:60 within 14 min; Detector, UV 254 nm. This resulted in 51.6 mg (28%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-oxo-2-[4-(propan-2-yl)piperazin-l-yl]ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 573.2, RT = 1.80 min. lH NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 9.0 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.52-3.48 (m, 4H), 2.78-2.65 (m, 1H), 2.46-2.39 (m, 4H), 1.09-0.97 (d, 6H, J = 6.6 Hz).

Example 374


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2- [4-(cyclopropylmethyl)piperazin- 1 -yl] - 2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol- l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) in DMF (10 mL) was added DIEA (83 mg, 0.64 mmol), 1 -(cyclopropylmethyl)piperazine (60.6 mg, 0.43 mmol) and HATU. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product (120 mg) was purified by Flash- Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column, C18 silica gel; mobile phase, CH3CN:H20 = 5:95 increasing to CH3CN:H20 = 24:40 within 14 min; Detector, UV 254

nm. This resulted in 47.6 mg (38%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-[4-(cyclopropylmethyl)piperazin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 585.2, RT = 2.40 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, / = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.51-3.49 (m, 4H), 2.49-2.41 (m, 4H), 2.23-2.21 (m, 2H), 0.87-0.82 (m, 1H), 0.50- 0.44 (m, 2H), 0.13-0.08 (m, 2H).

Example 375


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-(2,4-dimethylpiperazin- 1 -yl)-2- oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl 2-methylpiperazine-l-carboxylate (500 mg, 2.50 mmol) in EtOH (20 mL) was added 37% formaldehyde aqueous solution (405 mg) and AcOH (0.02 mL, 0.35 mmol).The mixture was stirred for 2 hand NaBH3CN (315 mg, 5.01 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 4% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 430 mg (80%) of tert-butyl 2,4-dimethylpiperazine-l-carboxylate as colorless oil. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 215.0, R T = 1 .45 min.

A mixture of tert-butyl 2-methylpiperazine-l-carboxylate (430 mg, 2.15 mmol), and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 520 mg (crude) of 1 ,3-dimethylpiperazine hydrochloride as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 115.0, RT = 0.25 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol- l-yl} acetic acid (150 mg, 0.32 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added DIEA (209 mg, 1.62 mmol), 1 ,3-dimethylpiperazine hydrochloride (146 mg, 0.97 mmol) and HATU (16 mg, 0.04 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water (50 mL) and DCM (30 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with DCM and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-2): Column, CI 8 silica gel; mobile phase, CH3CN:H20=5:95 increasing to CH3CN:H20 = 24:40 within 12 min; Detector, UV 254 nm. This resulted in 59.1 mg (33%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l- [2-(2,4-dimethylpiperazin-l -yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 559.2, RT = 1.63 min. lH NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.34-8.31 (m, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.2 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.31 -5.1 1 (m, 2H), 4.52-4.47 (m, 0.5H), 4.20-4.11 (m, 1H), 3.78-3.69 (m, 0.5H), 3.32-3.21 (m, 0.5H), 2.97-2.83 (m, 0.5H), 2.75 (d, 1H, J = 11.1 Hz), 2.63 (d, 1H, J = 11.4 Hz), 2.20-1.71 (m, 5H), 1.38-1.12 (m, 3H).

Example 376


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-(3 ,4-dimethylpiperazin- 1 -yl)-2- oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

Using synthetic method analoguous taht of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-! -[2-(2,4-dimethylpiperazin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a] pyrimidine-3-carboxamide, the title compound was prepared from tert-butyl 3-methylpiperazine-l-carboxylate. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 559.2, RT = 2.23 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, IH), 9.34 (dd, IH, J = 1.5 Hz, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, IH), 7.62 (dd, IH, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, IH, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, IH, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (dd, IH, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.02 (t, IH, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.35-5.13 (m, 2H), 4.18-4.02 (m, IH), 3.86-3.78 (m, IH), 3.26-3.10 (m, IH), 2.84-2.73 (m, 2H), 2.26-1.91 (m, 5H), 1.01 (d, 3H, J = 6.0 Hz).

Example 377


N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2-(2,2,4-trimethylpiperazin- 1 - yl)ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

Using synthetic method analoguous to that of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-l-[2-(2,4-dimethylpiperazin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a] pyrimidine-3-carboxamide, the title compound was prepared from tert-butyl 2,2-dimethylpiperazine-l-carboxylate. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 573.2, RT = 0.97 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.27 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.5, 6.9 Hz), 7.03 (t, 1H, 73.1 Hz), 5.17 (s, 2H), 3.48-3.42 (m, 2H), 2.28-2.22 (m, 2H), 2.17 (s, 3H), 2.08 (s, 2H), 1.39 (s, 6H).

Example 378


N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2-(3 ,3 ,4-trimethylpiperazin- 1 - yl)ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

Using synthetic method analoguous to that of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-l-[2-(2,4-dimethylpiperazin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a] pyrimidine-3-carboxamide, the title compound was prepared from tert-butyl 3,3-dimethylpiperazine-l-carboxylate. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 573.2, RT = 2.51 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.1 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.26 (s, 1H), 5.17 (s, 1H), 3.51-3.48 (m, 2H), 3.22 (d, 2H, J = 11.4 Hz), 2.45-2.36 (m, 2H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 0.99 (s, 3H), 0.92 (s, 3H).

Example 379


N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [4- [2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]piperazin- l-yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of 2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]-pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetic acid (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added dimethyl[2-(piperazin-l-yl)ethyl]amine (68 mg, 0.43 mmol), DIEA (125 mg, 0.97 mmol) and HATU (123 mg, 0.32 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight andconcentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (2#-AnalyseHPLC-SHIMADZU(HPLC-10)): Column, XBridge BEH130 Prep C18 OBD Column, 19&#65533;100mm 5um 13nm; mobile phase, Water with 10 mM NH4C03 and ACN (15% ACN up to 40% in 6 min); Detector, UV 254/220nm. This resulted in 79.1 mg (61%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]piperazin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 602.2, RT = 0.89 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.7, 7.1 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.48-3.42 (m, 4H), 2.45-2.32 (m, 8H), 2.13 (s, 6H).

Example 380

N- [3- [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2- [4-( 1 ,3 -oxazol-2-ylmethyl)piperazin- 1 - yl]-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl piperazine-l-carboxylate (300 mg, 1.61 mmol) in MeOH (15 mL) was added l,3-oxazole-2-carbaldehyde (172 mg, 1.77 mmol), AcOH (0.01 mL, 0.17 mmol), and NaBH3CN (152 mg, 2.42 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 5% MEOH in DCM. This resulted in 480 mg (89%) of tert-butyl 4-(l,3-oxazol-2-ylmethyl) piperazine-1-carboxylate as colorless oil. TLC: Rf = 0.4; MeOH/DCM = 1/10.

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-(l,3-oxazol-2-ylmethyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (480 mg, 1.44 mmol) saturated HC1 dioxane solution (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. This resulted in 300 mg (82%) of l-(l,3-oxazol-2-ylmethyl)piperazine hydrochloride as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 168.0, RT = 0.32 min.

To a solution of 2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]-pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetic acid (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added l-(l,3-oxazol-2-ylmethyl)piperazine hydrochloride (132 mg, 0.65 mmol), HATU (123 mg, 0.32 mmol), DIEA (139 mg, 1.08 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water (50 mL) and DCM (30 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with DCM (x2) and the organic layers combined. The organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product (150 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (2#-AnalyseHPLC-SHIMADZU(HPLC-10)): Column, XBridge BEH130 Prep C18 OBD Column, 19&#65533;100mm 5um 13nm; mobile

phase, Water with 10 niM NH4HC03 and ACN (28% ACN up to 38% in 6 min); Detector, UV 254/220nm. This resulted in 68.2 mg (52%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-[4-(l,3-oxazol-2-ylmethyl)piperazin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 612.1, RT = 1.70 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.7, 7.1 Hz), 8.69- 8.67 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 8.09 (d, 1H, J = 0.6 Hz), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.2 Hz), 7.18 (d, 1H, J = 0.6 Hz), 7.01 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2H), 3.76 (s, 2H), 3.54-3.48 (m, 4H), 2.45-2.42 (m, 4H).

Example 381


N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [ [(5 -oxoox olan-2- yl)methyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3-carboxamide

Methanesulfonyl chloride (2.5 g, 21.8 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirring solution of tert-butyl N-(2-hydroxyethyl)carbamate (3.0 g, 18.61 mmol) and DIEA (7.2 g, 55.71 mmol) in DCM (50 mL) at 0°C. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 8 h. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 100 mL of sodium bicarbonate. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with DCM (x2) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1 :2). This resulted in 3.4 g (76%) of tert-butyl N-[2-(methanesulfonyloxy)-ethyl]carbamate as a red solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 225.0, RT = 0.77 min.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl] pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (1.00 g, 2.47 mmol) in CH3CN (30 mL) was

added CS2CO3 (2.00 g, 6.14 mmol) and tert-butyl N-[2-(methanesulfonyloxy)-ethyl]carbamate (1.20 g, 5.01 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at 70°C overnight. The solids were filtered out. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with DCM/EtOAc (3: 1). This resulted in 680 mg (50%) of tert-butyl N-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)pyridin-3-yl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] ethyl)carbamate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 548.0, RT = 1.33 min

A mixture of tert-butyl N-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l -yl]ethyl)carbamate (420 mg, 0.77 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in 15 mL of ethanol. The pH value of the solution was adjusted to 8 with sodium hydroxide (2 mol/L). The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column with dichloromethane/methanol (85/15). This resulted in 260 mg (76%) of N-[l -(2-aminoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 448.0, RT = 0.76 min.

To a solution of N-[l -(2-aminoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide (200 mg, 0.45 mmol) in CH3CN (20 mL) was added (5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (166 mg, 0.67 mmol) and DIEA (173 mg, 1.34 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 5% MeOH in DCM. The crude product (100 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (1#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep C18 OBD Column,5um,19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (24.0% MeCN up to 40.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. 31.6 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 32 mg (12%) of the formic acid salt of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l -(2-[[(5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl]-amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 546.1 , RT = 0.82 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-de) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.68-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.64-7.62 (m, 2H), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.06 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.56-4.53 (m, 1H), 4.23 (t, 2H, J = 6.4 Hz), 3.01 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 2.77-2.75 (m, 2H), 2.48-2.44 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.16 (m, 1H), 1.92-1.88 (m, 1H).

Example 382


N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2-oxo-2- [4- [(5 -oxooxolan-2- yl)methyl]piperazin-l-yl]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3- carboxamide

Neat triflic anhydride Tf20 (486 mg, 1.72 mmol) was added dropwise a solution of 5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-one (200 mg, 1.72 mmol) and DIEA (665 mg, 5.15 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) under stirring at -5°C. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 3 h and quenched by saturated NaHC03 solution (50 mL). The resulting solution was extracted with DCM (x2) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 280 mg (crude) of (5 -oxoox olan-2-yl)methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate as a yellow liquid. TLC: Rf = 0.5; ethyl acetate/petroleum ether = 1/2.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-oxo-2- (piperazin-l-yl)ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (100 mg, 0.19 mmol) in CH3CN (15 mL) was added DIEA (73.03 mg, 0.57 mmol), and (5- oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (93.49 mg, 0.38 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at room temperature for 3 h and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product (180 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (2#-AnalyseHPLC-SHIMADZU(HPLC-10)): Column, XBridge BEH130 Prep CI 8 OBD

Column, 19&#65533;100mm 5um 13nm; mobile phase, Water with 10 mM NH4C03 and ACN (30% ACN up to 40% in 6 min); Detector, UV 254/220nm. 65 mg product was obtained. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column with 5% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 29.5 mg of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-oxo-2-[4-[(5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl]piperazin-l-yl]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]-pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 629.1, RT = 0.81 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.24 (s, 2H), 4.71-4.66 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.33 (m, 4H), 2.58 (d, 2H, J = 5.4 Hz), 2.60-2.46 (m, 6H), 2.48-2.42 (m, 4H), 2.30-2.21 (m, 1H), 1.90-1.83 (m, 1H).

Example 383


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [4- [(methylcarbamoyl)methyl]piperazin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of 2-[4-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]piperazin-l-yl]acetic acid (500 mg, 2.05 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was added methanamine hydrochloride (406 mg, 6.01 mmol), DIEA (793 mg, 6.14 mmol) and HATU (1.17 g, 3.08 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at room temperature for 12 h. Water (50 mL) was added. The resulting solution was extracted with DCM (x3) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica

gel eluting with 5% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 500 mg of tert-butyl 4-[(methylcarbamoyl)methyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 258.0, RT = 0.52 min.

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-[(methylcarbamoyl)methyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate (500 mg, 1.94 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The resulting solution was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 300 mg (crude) of N-methyl-2-(piperazin-l-yl)acetamide hydrochloride.. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 158.0, RT = 0.37 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (150 mg, 0.32 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was addedN-methyl-2-(piperazin-l-yl)acetamide hydrochloride (125 mg, 0.65 mmol), HATU (185 mg, 0.49 mmol), DIEA (126 mg, 0.97 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 12 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 8% MeOH in DCM. The crude product (180 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (3#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep C18 OBD Column,5um, 19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with 10 mM NH4C03 and MeCN (26.0% MeCN up to 40.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. This resulted in 73.9 mg (38%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[4-[(methylcarbamoyl)methyl]piperazin-l-yl]-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 602.2, RT = 3.66 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.32 (s, 1H), 7.75 (q, 1H, J = 4.8 Hz), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.6, 8.6 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.24 (s, 2H), 3.54 (t, 4H, J = 5.0 Hz), 2.95 (s, 2H), 2.63 (d, 3H, J = 4.8 Hz), 2.48-2.45 (m, 2H), 2.44-2.41 (m, 2H).

Example 384


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[[(lR)-l-phenylethyl]amino]ethyl)-lH- pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of N-[l-(2-bromoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (100 mg, 0.20 mmol) and (lR)-l-phenylethan-1 -amine (242 mg, 2.00 mmol) in MeCN (3 mL, 57.07 mmol) was stirred at 80°C for 12 h. The crude product (120 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (2#-Analyse HPLC-SHIMADZU(HPLC-IO)): Column, XBridge BEH130 Prep C18 OBD Column, 19&#65533;100mm 5um 13nm; mobile phase, Water with 10 mM NH4C03 and ACN (40% ACN up to 58% in 6 min); Detector, UV 254/220nm. This resulted in 38 mg of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[[(lR)-l-phenylethyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a off-white solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 552.1, RT = 1.16 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ: (ppm) 9.72 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.34 (s, 1H), 7.60 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 9.0 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.43 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.31-7.17 (m, 6H), 6.98 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.18 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.70 (q, 1H, J = 6.6 Hz), 2.83-2.73 (m, 2H), 1.22 (d, 3H, J = 6.6 Hz).

Example 385


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[[(lS)-l -phenylethyl]amino]ethyl)-lH- pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

Using synthetic method analoguous to that of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [[( 1 R)- 1 -phenylethyl] amino]ethyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl] pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide, the title compound was prepared from (1S)-1-phenylethan- 1 -amine. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 552.1 , RT = 1.15 min. lH NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.72 (s, 1H), 9.33 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.34 (s, 1H), 7.60 (dd, 1H, J = 2.9, 8.9 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.43 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.31 -7.16 (m, 6H), 6.98 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.18 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.70 (q, 1H, J = 6.6 Hz), 2.83-2.73 (m, 2H), 1.22 (d, 3H, J = 6.6 Hz).

Example 386


methyl 2-[(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3- amido]-lH-pyrazol- l-yl]ethyl)amino] acetate

Using synthetic method analoguous to that of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-l-(2-[[(lR)-l-phenylethyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a] pyrimidine-3-carboxamide, the title compound was prepared from methyl 2-aminoacetate hydrochloride and DIEA. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 520.1, RT = 0.85 min. XH NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.33 (dd, 1H, J = 1.8, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.65-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 9.3 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.2 Hz), 7.00 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.22 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.62 (s, 3H), 3.37 (s, 2H), 2.98 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 2.27 (br, 1H).

Example 387


methyl (2S)-2-amino-4-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl]butanoate

To a solution of (2S)-2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino]-4-hydroxybutanoic acid (2.20 g, 10.03 mmol) in DCM (80 mL) was added DIEA (2.58 g, 19.96 mmol), followed by TBDMS-Cl (1.65 g, 10.95 mmol) batchwise at 0°C. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. Water (100 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with DCM (x2) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (4: 1). This resulted in 800 mg of (2S)-2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino]-4-[(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy]butanoic acid as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 275.0, RT = 1.16 min.

To a solution of (2S)-2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino]-4-[(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy]butanoic acid (800 mg, 2.40 mmol) in DCM (30 mL) was added 4-dimethylaminopyridine (29 mg, 0.24 mmol), EDC.HC1 (550 mg, 2.87 mmol) and

methanol (5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:4). This resulted in 600 mg (72%) of methyl (2S)-2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino]-4-[(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy]butanoate as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 348.0, RT = 1.21 min.

A solution of methyl 2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino]-4-[(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy]butanoate (600 mg, 1.73 mmol) inTHF (2 mL), water (2 mL) and AcOH (8 mL, 139.61 mmol, 80.90 equiv) was stirred at for 2 h. The reaction mixture was neutralized with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution, extracted with DCM (x3) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 400 mgof methyl 2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino]-4-hydroxybutanoate as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 175, RT = 0.65 min.

To a stirring solution of crude methyl 2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino]-4-hydroxybutanoate (400 mg,) in DCM (20 mL) was added DIEA (387 mg, 2.99 mmol), followed by MsCl (114 mg, 1.00 mmol) dropwise with stirring at 0°C. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. Saturated NaHC03 (50 mL) was added. The resulting solution was extracted with DCM (x2) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 510 mg (80%) of methyl 2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino]-4-(methanesulfonyloxy) butanoate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 212.0, RT = 0.76 min.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (200 mg, 0.49 mmol) in CH3CN (30 mL) wsa added Cs2C03 (326 mg, 1.00 mmol), and methyl (2S)-2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl] amino]-4- (methanesulfonyloxy)butanoate (400 mg, crude). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The solids were filtered out. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with dichloromethane/ethyl acetate (70/30). This resulted in 280 mg (73%) of methyl 2- [[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl] amino] -4- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]butanoate as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 620.0, RT = 0.98 min.

The mixture of methyl (2S)-2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino]-4-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] -butanoate (280 mg), in DCM/TFA (15 mL, 2:1) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product (200 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (1#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep C18 OBD Column,5um,19*150mm; mobile phase, Water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (24.0% MeCN up to 40.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. 150 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 148.4 mg (73%) of methyl (2S)-2-amino-4- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-l H-pyrazol- 1 -yl]butanoate formate as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 520.1, RT = 0.82 min. XH NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.65-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.2 Hz), 7.01 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.40-4.26 (m, 2H), 3.64 (s, 3H), 3.50-3.43 (m, 1H), 2.32-2.18 (m, 1H), 2.11-1.99 (m, 1H).

Example 388


(l-methylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4- [pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperidine-4-carboxylate

To a solution of l-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]piperidine-4-carboxylic acid (1.00 g, 4.36 mmol) in DCM (50 mL) was added (l-methylpiperidin-4-yl)methanol (1.13 g, 8.75 mmol), EDC.HC1 (1.0 g, 5.22 mmol), 4-dimethylaminopyridine (54 mg, 0.44 mmol), The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water (50 mL) was added. Phases were separated. The aqueous phase was extracted with DCM (x2) and the organic

layers combined. The organic layers were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 6% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 1.2 g of 1-tert-butyl 4-(l-methylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl piperidine-l,4-dicarboxylate as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 341.0, RT = 0.58 min.

A mixture of 1-tert-butyl 4-(l-methylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl piperidine-1,4-dicarboxylate (1.2 g, 3.52 mmol) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting solution was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 1.5 g (crude) of (l-methylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl piperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride as a white solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 241.0, RT = 0.19 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (150 mg, 0.32 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added (l-methylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl piperidine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride (178 mg, 0.64 mmol), DIEA (126 mg, 0.97 mmol), HATU (160 mg, 0.42 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water (50 mL) was added. The resulting solution was extracted with DCM (x3) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 8% MeOH in DCM. The crude product (80 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (3#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep Ci8 OBD Column,5um, 19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (32.0% MeCN up to 50.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. This resulted in 37 mg (16%) of the formic acid salt of (l-methylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl l-(2-[3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperidine-4-carboxylate as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 685.2, RT = 1.05 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.35 (dd, 1H, J = 1.2, 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.32 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 7.2 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.36-5.18 (m, 2H), 4.28-4.21 (m, 1H), 3.96-3.88 (m, 3H), 3.25-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.86-2.74 (m, 3H), 2.73-2.66 (m, 1H), 2.15 (s, 3H), 1.92-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.65-1.52 (m, 4H), 1.48-1.38 (m, 1H), 1.29-1.16 (m, 2H).

Example 389


(l-methylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4- [pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)-4-methylpiperidine-4- carboxylate

Using synthetic method anaolguous to that of (l-methylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl l-(2-[3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3 -amido] - 1 H-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperidine-4-carboxylate, the title compound was prepared from 1-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]-4-methylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 699.2, RT = 0.95 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, IH), 9.34 (dd, IH, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.68 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, IH), 7.63 (dd, IH, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, IH, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.46 (d, IH, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, IH, J = 4.0, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, IH, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.24 (s, 2H), 3.99-3.96 (m, 2H), 3.94-3.88 (m, IH), 3.78-3.71 (m, IH), 3.26-3.20 (m, IH), 3.08-3.00 (m, IH), 2.85- 2.80 (m, 2H), 2.20 (s, 3H), 2.02-1.94 (m, 4H), 1.68-1.59 (m, 4H), 1.54-1.48(m, IH), 1.41-1.34 (m, IH), 1.28-1.23 (m, 2H), 1.18 (s, 3H).

Example 390


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [methyl [(5 -oxoox olan-2- yl)methyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[[(5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (140 mg, 0.26 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) was added 37% formaldehyde in water (23 mg), followed by NaB¾CN (24.6 mg, 0.39 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 8% MeOH in DCM. The crude product (60 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (1#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep C18 OBD Column,5um, 19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (18.0% MeCN up to 36.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. This resulted in 22.4 mg of the formic acid salt of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[methyl[(5-oxooxolan-2-yl)methyl]amino]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo [l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 560.2, RT = 0.94 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1H, J = 4.0, 6.8 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 4.59-4.55 (m, 1H), 4.30-4.27 (m, 2H), 2.94-2.88 (m, 2H), 2.62 (d, 2H, J = 5.6 Hz), 2.44-2.41 (m, 2H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.14-2.11 (m, 1H), 1.83-1.77 (m, 1H).

Example 391


ethyl 3- [[ 1 -(2- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3 - amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl )piperidin-4-yl] (methyl)amino]propanoate

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-(methylamino)piperidine-l-carboxylate (1.00 g, 4.67 mmol) in ethanol (50 mL) was added AcOH (0.1 mL, 1.75 mmol) and ethyl 3-oxopropanoate (1.63 g, 14.04 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5 h and NaBH3CN (882 mg, 14.04 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with 4% MeOH in DCM. This resulted in 580 mg of tert-butyl 4-[(3-ethoxy-3-oxopropyl)(methyl)amino]piperidine-l-carboxylate as colorless oil. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 315.0, RT = 1.14 min.

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-[(3-ethoxy-3-oxopropyl)(methyl)amino]piperidine-l-carboxylate (580 mg, 1.84 mmol) and saturated HC1 dioxane solution was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was trituated with EtOAc. The solids were collected by filtration. This resulted in 200 mg (crude) of ethyl 3- [methyl (piperidin-4-yl)amino] propanoate hydrochloride as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 215.0, RT = 0.45 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added HATU (123 mg, 0.32 mmol), DIEA (83 mg, 0.64 mmol), and ethyl 3-[methyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino]propanoate hydrochloride (200 mg). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water (50 mL) was added. The resulting mixture was extracted with DCM (x3) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product (82 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (l#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep C18 OBD Column,5um, 19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (18.0% MeCN up to 36.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. 20.3 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 20.3 mg (13%) of the formic acid salt of ethyl 3-[[l-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl]acetyl)piperidin-4-yl](methyl)amino]propanoate as an off-white solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 659.2, RT = 0.90 min. XHNMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 7.2 Hz), 8.68-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 7.2 Hz), 7.03 (t, IH, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.36-5.15 (m, 2H), 4.48-4.33 (m, IH), 4.02 (q, 2H, J = 7.2 Hz), 4.00-3.96 (m, IH), 3.18-3.00 (m, IH), 2.89-2.80 (m, 3H), 2.68-2.54 (m, 3H), 2.31 (s, 3H), 1.85-1.76 (m, 2H) , 1.61-1.25 (m, 2H), 1.19 (t, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz).

Example 392


N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-oxo-2- [4-(5 -oxooxolan-3-yl)piperazin- l-yl]ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl piperazine-l-carboxylate (1.0 g, 5.37 mmol), oxolane-2,4-dione (1.07 g, 10.69 mmol) and AcOH (0.2 mL) in THF (50 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. NaBH3CN (508 mg, 8.08 mmol) was added . The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with dichloromethane/ethyl acetate (1/4). This resulted in 400 mg (28%) of tert-butyl 4-(5-oxooxolan-3-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 10) [M+H]+ = 271.0, RT = 0.56 min.

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-(5-oxooxolan-3-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (400 mg, 1.48 mmol) and saturated HCl dioxane solution (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The solids were collected by filtration. This resulted in 380 mg (crude) of 4-(piperazin-l-yl)oxolan-2-one hydrochloride as a white solid. LCMS (Method 22) [M+H]+ = 171.0, RT = 0.38 min.

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (200 mg, 0.43 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added 4-(piperazin-l-yl)oxolan-2-one hydrochloride (250 mg, 1.21 mmol),

HATU (247 mg, 0.65 mmol), DIEA (167 mg, 1.29 mmol)., The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Water (50 mL) was added. The resulting solution was extracted with DCM (x3) and the organic layers combined. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was passed through a short pad of silica gel eluting with 8% MeOH in DCM. The crude product (80 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (l#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep C18 OBD Column,5um, 19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with 0.05% FA and MeCN (32.0% MeCN up to 60.0% in 10 min); Detector, 254/220. 37 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 36.7 mg (14%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-oxo-2-[4-(5-oxooxolan-3-yl)piperazin-l-yl]ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 28) [M+H]+ = 615.0, RT = 0.99 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.76 (s, 1H), 9.34 (d, 1H, J = 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 9.0 Hz), 7.56 (s, 1H), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.24 (s, 2H), 4.44-4.38 (m, 1H), 4.26-4.18 (m, 1H), 3.49 (t, 4H, J = 5.1 Hz), 3.40-3.37 (m, 1H), 2.78-2.68 (m, 1H), 2.60-2.55 (m, 1H), 2.47-2.35 (m, 4H).

Example 393


N- [3 - [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2- [4-(morpholin-4-yl)piperidin- 1 -yl] -2- oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl} acetic acid (100 mg) in DMF (2 mL) was added HATU (100 mg, 0.26 mmol), DIEA (85 mg, 0.66 mmol), and 4-(piperidin-4-

yl)morpholine hydrochloride (67 mg, 0.32 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The crude product (60 mg) was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (l#-Pre-HPLC-006(Waters)): Column, XSelect CSH Prep C18 OBD Column,5um, 19* 150mm; mobile phase, Water with 10 mM NH4C03 and MeCN (20.0% MeCN up to 35.0% in 8 min); Detector, 254/220. This resulted in 28.3 mg (21%) of N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2- [4-(morpholin-4-yl)piperidin- 1 -yl] -2-oxoethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 615.2, RT = 1.84 min. XH NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.7, 8.7 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.24- 5.21 (m, 2H), 4.42-4.31 (m, 1H), 4.02-3.95 (m, 1H), 3.55 (t, 4H, J = 4.5 Hz), 3.16-3.02 (m, 1H), 2.78-2.64 (m, 1H), 2.49-2.45 (m, 5H), 1.90-1.76 (m, 2H), 1.54- 1.21 (m, 2H).

Example 394


N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[(2E)-4-(morpholin-4-yl)but-2-en-l-yl]- lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (400 mg, 0.99 mmol), (2E)-l,4-dichlorobut-2-ene (370 mg, 2.96 mmol) and cesium carbonate (1 g, 3.07 mmol) was stirred at 65°C for 20 h. The reaction mixture was cooled. The resulting solution was diluted with ethyl acetate (100 mL), and washed H20 (x3). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/hexane (1: 1). The appropriate fractions were

combined and concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 320 mg (66%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(2E)-4-chlorobut-2-en- 1 -yl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. TLC: Rf = 0.4; ethyl acetate/petroleum ether = 1 :1.

A solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]- l-[(2E)-4-chlorobut-2-en-l-yl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide (160 mg, 0.324 mmol) and morpholine (0.5 mL) in DMF (4 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The crude product (200 mg) was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column, silica gel; mobile phase, CH3CN/H2O=20% increasing to CH3CN/H2O=50% within 20 min; Detector, UV 254 nm. 35.4 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 35.4 mg (20% ) of N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(2E)-4-(morpholin-4-yl)but-2-en-l-yl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a off-white solid. LCMS (Method 23) [M+H]+ = 544.0, RT = 2.37 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.74 (s, 1 H), 9.34 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.68-8.66 (m, 2 H), 8.31 (s, 1 H), 7.62 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.8, 8.8 Hz), 7.58 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1 H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.06 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.94-5.84 (m, 1 H), 5.79-5.69 (m, 1 H), 4.82 (d, 2 H, J = 6.0 Hz), 3.56 (t, 4 H, J = 4.6 Hz), 2.96 (d, 2 H, J = 6.4 Hz), 2.40-2.30 (m, 4 H).

Example 395


N- [3 - [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(2E)-4-(4-methylpiperazin- 1 -yl)but-2-en- l-yl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide

Using synthetic method analoguous to that of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [(2E)-4-(morpholin-4-yl)but-2-en- 1 -yl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide , the title compound was prepared from 1-methylpiperazine. LCMS (Method 23) [M+H]+ = 557.1, RT = 1.76 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.74 (s, 1 H), 9.34 (d, 1H, J = 5.2 Hz), 8.68-8.66 (m, 2 H), 8.31 (s, 1 H), 7.62 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.58 (d, 1H, J = 2.4 Hz), 7.47 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.0, 6.8 Hz), 7.06 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.92-5.80 (m, 1 H), 5.78-5.66 (m, 1 H), 4.81 (d, 2 H, J = 6.0 Hz), 2.94 (d, 2 H, J = 6.4 Hz), 2.45-2.20 (m, 8 H), 2.13 (s, 3 H).

Example 396


2-(methylthio)ethyl 2-(2-(3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-4-(pyrazolo[l,5-a] pyrimidine-3-carboxamido)- 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl)ethylamino)acetate

To a solution of 2-(methylsulfanyl)ethan-l-ol (2.40 g, 26.04 mmol) in DMF (15mL) was added 2-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]aminoacetic acid (3.19 g, 18.21 mmol), HOBt (2.82 g, 20.87 mmol), EDC.HC1 (3.99 g, 20.81 mmol) and DIEA (2mL). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature. The mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (3/1). This resulted in 2.00 g (31%) of 2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl 2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino] acetate as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 21): [M+H]+ = 250, RT=1.37min.

To a solution of 2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl 2-[[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]amino] acetate (2.00 g, 8.02 mmol) in dioxane (5 mL) was added saturated HCl dioxane solution (lOmL) at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solids were collected by filtration. This resulted in 1.2 g of 2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl 2-aminoacetate HC1 salt as a white solid. LCMS (Method 25): [M+H]+= 150, RT=0.28 min.

To a solution of 2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl 2-aminoacetate HC1 salt (792 mg, 3.57 mmol) in CH3CN was added N-[l-(2-bromoethyl)-3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy) phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide (364 mg, 0.71 mmol) and DIEA (1.57 g, 12.15 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at 75°C overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC with the following conditions conditions (2#-Waters 2767-2 (HPLC-08)): Column, Xbridge Prep Phenyl, 5 um, 19x150 mm; mobile phase, Water with 50 mmol ammonium bicarbonate and acetonitrile (10.0% acetonitrile up to 33.0% in 2 min, up to 53.0% in 8 min, up to 100.0% in 1 min, down to 10.0% in 1 min); Detector, UV 220 nm. This resulted in 53.1 mg (2%) of the formic acid salt of 2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl 2-[(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] ethyl)amino] acetate as light yellow oil. LCMS (Method 20): [M+H]+ = 580.15, RT = 2.76 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.33 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.67 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 4.2 Hz), 8.66 (s, 1H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.65-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 9.3 Hz), 7.23 (dd, 1H, J = 4.5, 7.2 Hz), 6.99 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.27-4.18 (m, 4H), 3.38 (s, 2H), 2.99 (t, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 2.67 (t, 2H, J = 6.6 Hz), 2.07 (s, 3H).

Example 397

ethyl 2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] acetyl)piperazin- 1 -yl] acetate

To a solution of ethyl 2-(piperazin-l-yl)acetate hydrochloride (400 mg, 1.92 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was adde {3-(5-Chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-4-[(pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonyl)amino]pyrazol-l-yl}acetic acid (500 mg), DIEA (440 mg, 3.40 mmol), HATU (460 mg, 1.21 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica eluting with 4.5% MeOH in DCM to afford 59.4 mg (11%) of ethyl 2-[4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]acetyl)piperazin-l-yl]acetate as a white solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 617.2, RT = 2.68 min. XH NMR (400MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, J = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.69-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.8 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1H, J = 2.8 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, J = 4.4, 6.8 Hz), 7.07 (t, 1H, J = 73.2 Hz), 5.24 (s, 2H), 4.07 (q, 2H, J = 7.2 Hz), 3.52-3.49 (m, 4H), 3.28 (s, 2H), 3.17-3.16 (m, 1H), 2.59-2.50 (m, 4H), 1.18 (t, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).

Example 403


N-(3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-l-(2-hydroxy-3-morpholinopropyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3 -carboxamide

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3-carboxarnide (1.00 g, 2.47 mmol) in N,N- dimethylformamide (10 mL), CS2CO3 (970 mg, 2.977 mmol) was added and stirred for 10 minutes at room temperature. Then 2-(chloromethyl)oxirane (2.28 g, 24.64 mmol)

was added drop wise at room temperature. The resulting mixture was stirred for 14 hour at room temperature and diluted with ethyl acetate (lOOmL), washed with water and brine. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (60/40) to give 500 mg (44%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(oxiran-2-ylmethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 24), [M+H]+ = 461.1, RT= 1.30 min.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(oxiran-2-ylmethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide (50 mg, 0.11 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (1 mL), DIEA (67 mg, 0.518 mmol) and morpholine (14 mg, 0.161 mmol) was added at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred at 60°C overnight, cooled, diluted with 30 mL of ethyl acetate, washed with 2x10 mL of water and 2x1 OmL of brine. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with dichloromethane/methanol (95/5). This resulted in 50 mg of crude product, which was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column: X Bridge C18, 19*150 mm, 5 urn; Mobile Phase A: Water/0.05% NH4HCO3, Mobile Phase B: ACN; Flow rate: 20 mL/min; Gradient: 30%B to 70%B in 10 min; 254nm to obtain 40 mg (67%) of N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-hydroxy-3 -(morpholin-4-yl)propyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 35) [M+H]+= 548.2, RT=2.28 min. ^-NMR (300MHz, DMSO-d6): δ (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.33 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, 7.2 Hz), 8.68-8.67 (m, 2H), 8.34 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, 1H, J = 2.7 Hz), 7.61 (s, 1H), 7.44 (d, 1H, J = 8.7 Hz), 7.27 (dd, 1H, J =

4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.00 (t, 1H, J = 73.5 Hz), 4.99 (d, 1H, J = 4.5 Hz), 4.31-4.28 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.07 (m, 2H), 3.56 (t, 4H, J = 4.5 Hz), 2.42 (t, 4H, J = 4.5 Hz), 2.32 (d, 2H, J = 4.8 Hz).

Example 414

N-(3 -(5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- 1 -(2-oxo-3-(piperidin- 1 -yl)propyl)- 1 H- pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a stirring solution of oxalyl dichloride (0.46 mL, 0.923 mmol, 2 M) in dichloromethane (6 mL) at - 78 °C, a solution of DMSO (144 mg) in dichloromethane (1 mL) was added drop wise in 10 min. The mixture was stirred for an additional 10 minutes at this temperature and a solution of N-(3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- 1 -(2-hydroxy-3-morpholinopropyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide (253 mg, 0.461 mmol) in 2 mL of dichloromethane was added drop wise at this temperature. The mixture was stirred for another 30 min at this temperature. Then DIEA (476 mg, 3.683 mmol) was added dropwise at this temperature. The resulting solution was stirred for 0.5 h at -78°C and then allowed warm to room temperature and stirred for another 30 min. The resulting solution was diluted with 50 mL of ethyl acetate, washed with 2x20 mL of water and 2x20 mL of brine. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product (200 mg) was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions: Column: X Bridge RP, 19*150 mm, 5 um; Mobile Phase A: Water/0.05% NH4HCO3, Mobile Phase B: ACN; Flow rate: 30 mL/min; Gradient: 25%B to 44%B in 10 min; 254nm to give 108.6mg (43%) of -(3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- 1 -(2-oxo-3 -(piperidin- 1 -yl)propyl)- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a white solid. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+= 546.2, RT = 1.68min. ^-NMR (300MHz, CDCI3-J): δ (ppm) 9.89 (s, 1H), 8.77 (dd, 1H, / = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.72 (s, 1H), 8.55 (dd, 1H, / = 1.5, 4.2 Hz), 8.40 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, 1H, / = 2.4 Hz), 7.42 (dd, 1H, J = 2.4, 8.7 Hz), 7.28 (d, 1H, / = 8.7 Hz), 6.99 (dd, 1H, / = 4.2, 7.2 Hz), 6.47 (t, 1H, / = 73.8 Hz), 5.07 (s, 1H), 3.76 (t, 4H, / = 4.5 Hz), 3.26 (s, 2H), 2.56 (t, 4H, / = 4.8 Hz).

Example 415


N-(3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-l-(2-(l-methylpiperidin-4-ylidene)ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamideTo a mixture of N- [3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (215.20 mg, 0.532 mmol), Cs2C03 (694.8 mg, 2.132 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (15 mL) was added tert-butyl 4- [2-(methanesulfonyloxy)ethylidene]piperidine-l-carboxylate (650 mg, 2.128 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 60°C overnight, and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (9/1). This resulted in 310 mg (95%) of tert-butyl 4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo[ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol-l-yl]ethylidene)piperidine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 614.2, RT= 1.11 min.

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-(2-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4-[pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl] ethylidene)piperidine- 1 -carboxylate (310 mg, 0.505 mmol) in dichloromethane (10 mL) was added trifluoroacetic acid (6 mL) at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred for 5 h at room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was used without further purification. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 514.1, RT = 0.91 min.

An aqueous solution of 40% formaldehyde (210 mg) was added to solution of N-[3- [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-(piperidin-4-ylidene)ethyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4- yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (360.00 mg, 0.700 mmol) in methanol (30 mL). The resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 2.5 h and NaBH3CN (44.02 mg, 0.700 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at this temperature for 3 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a short pad of silica gel eluting with dichloromethane/MeOH (10/1). The crude product (60 mg) was purified by Flash- Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column, silica gel; mobile phase, ACN/10mmolNH4HCO3=40 increasing to

ACN/10mmolNH4HCO3=75 within 6 min; Detector, UV 254 nm to obtain 4.3 mg (1%) of N- [3 - [5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 - [2-( 1 -methylpiperidin-4-ylidene)ethyl] -lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 32): [M+H]+ = 528.1, RT = 2.21 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, / = 1.6, 6.8 Hz), 8.68-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.32 (s, 1 H), 7.67-7.61 (m, 2 H), 7.45 (d, 1 H, / = 8.4 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, / = 4.0, 6.8 Hz), 7.06 (t, 1H, / = 73.2 Hz), 5.44 (t, 1H, / = 6.8 Hz), 4.27 (d, 2H, / = 6.8 Hz), 2.81-2.68 (m, 2H), 2.52-2.50 (m, 2H), 2.50-2.42 (m, 2H), 2.19 (s, 3H), 2.12-2.04 (m, 2H).

Example 421


N-(3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-l-(2-(4-(2- cyanoethylamino)cyclohexylidene)ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrirnidine-3- carboxamide

Methanesulfonyl chloride (1.87 g, 16.325 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of 2-[l,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-8-ylidene]ethan-l-ol (2.00 g, 10.86 mmol) and DIEA (4.21 g, 32.57 mmol) in dichloromethane (100 mL) at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with

ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/9). This resulted in 1.95 g (68%) of 2-[l,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-8-ylidene]ethyl methanesulfonate as off-white oil. TLC: Rf = 0.6; ethyl acetate/petroleum ether = 1/2.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide (1.50 g, 3.71 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (120 niL) was added CS2CO3 (3.62 g, 11.11 mmol) and 2-[l,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-8-ylidene]ethyl methanesulfonate (1.94 g, 7.39 mmol) at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred for 4 h at room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (3/2) to give 1.59 g (75%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[l,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-8-ylidene]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 31) [M+H]+ = 571.4 , RT = 1.21 min.

Concentrated HC1 aqueous solution (16 mL) was added to a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[l,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-8-ylidene]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (1.59 g, 2.785 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (160 mL). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 3 h and neutralized with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in dichloromethane, washed with water, brine. The organic layer was dried, and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (3/2). This resulted in 930 mg (63%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-(4-oxocyclohexylidene)ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine- 3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 25) [M+H]+ = 527.1, RT = 0.94 min.

To solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-(4-oxocyclohexylidene)ethyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (300.0 mg, 0.569 mmol) in methanol (30 mL) was added 3-aminopropanenitrile (199.5 mg, 2.85 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 3. Then

NaBH3CN (71.56 mg, 1.14 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a short pad of silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate. The crude product (60 mg) was purified by Flash-Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column, silica gel; mobile phase, ACN/0.05 NH4HCO3=30 increasing to ACN/0.05 NH4HCO3=55 within 8 min; Detector, UV 254 nm. 6.7 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 6.7 mg (2%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[4-[(2-cyanoethyl)amino]cyclohexylidene]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a off-white solid. LCMS (Method 34) [M+H]+ = 581.4, RT = 2.44 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.33 (dd, 1H, / = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.68-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.27 (s, 1H), 7.64-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.43 (d, 1H, / = 8.1 Hz), 7.27 (dd, 1H, / = 4.2, 6.9 Hz), 7.00 (t, 1H, / = 73.5 Hz), 5.45 (t, 1H, / = 6.9 Hz), 4.80 (d, 2H, / = 7.2 Hz), 2.79-2.72 (m, 3H), 2.71-2.57 (m, 5H), 2.10-1.97 (m, 2H), 1.94-1.86 (m, 2H), 1.23-1.16 (m, 2H).

Example 420


N-(3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-l-(2-(4-((2- cyanoethyl)(methyl)amino)cyclohexylidene)ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(2-[4-[(2-cyanoethyl)amino]cyclohexylidene]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (140.0 mg, 0.241 mmol) in methanol (20 mL,) was added 40% HCHO aqueous solution (75 mg, 0.96 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Then NaBH3CN (15.14 mg, 0.241 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 4 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with dichloromethane/MeOH (10/1). This resulted in 34.7 mg (24%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2- (difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -(2- [4- [(2- cyanoethyl)(methyl)amino]cyclohexylidene]ethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 33) [M+H]+ = 595.4, RT = 1.43 min. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.33 (dd, 1H, / = 1.5, 6.9 Hz), 8.69-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.28 (s, 1H), 7.64-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.43 (d, 1H, / = 8.4 Hz), 7.27 (dd, 1H, / = 4.5, 7.5 Hz), 7.00 (t, 1H, / = 73.5 Hz), 5.43 (t, 1H, / = 7.2 Hz), 4.81 (d, 2H, / = 6.9 Hz), 2.88-2.82 (m, 1H), 2.66-2.59 (m, 5H), 2.33-2.29 (m, 1H), 2.22 (s, 3H), 2.10-2.05 (m, 1H), 1.93-1.80 (m, 3H), 1.37-1.25 (m, 2H).

Example 452


N-(3 -(5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- 1 -(( 1 -(piperidin-4-yl)- 1 H- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4- yl)methyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

Sodium azide (246 mg, 2.79 mmol) was added to a solution of tert-butyl 4-bromopiperidine-l-carboxylate (1.00 g, 3.79 mmol) and sodium iodide (113 mg, 0.753 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (20 mL) at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred at 60°C overnight, allowed cool to cool to room temperature. Caution: the reaction should be conducted behind a blast shield. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 10 mL of saturated sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution. The resulting solution was extracted with 2x50 mL of ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/4). This resulted in 800 mg (93%) of tert-butyl 4-

azidopiperidine-l -carboxylate as colorless oil. TLC: Rf = 0.6; ethyl acetate/petroleum ether = 1/4.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (2 g, 4.941 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL) was added CS2CO3 (3.23 g, 9.913 mmo) and 3-chloroprop-1-yne (720 mg, 9.663 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 50°C for 5 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate. This resulted in 1.74 g (80%) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(prop-2-yn-l -yl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 23) [M+H]+ = 443.0 , R | = 1 .45 min.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-(prop-2-yn-l -yl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide (1.68 g, 3.794 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (40 mL) was added DIEA (980.6 mg, 7.587 mmol), Cul (143.7 mg, 0.755 mmol), tert-butyl 4-azidopiperidine-l -carboxylate (858.8 mg, 3.795 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 7 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate. This resulted in 1.98 g (78%) of tert-butyl 4-[4-([3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] -4- [pyrazolo [ 1 ,5 -a]pyrimidine-3-amido] - 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl]methyl)-lH-l ,2,3-triazol-l-yl]piperidine-l -carboxylate as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 24) [M+H]+ = 669.2, RT = 1.34 min.

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-[4-([3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-4- [pyrazolo[l ,5-a]pyrimidine-3-amido]-lH-pyrazol- l-yl]methyl)-lH-l ,2,3-triazol-l- yl]piperidine-l -carboxylate (1.98 g, 2.96 mmol) in methanol (30 mL) was added concentrated HC1 aqueous solution (15 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 5 h at room temperature. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 1.85g crude product, which was sufficient for next step without further purification. A small portion was purified for characterization and biological

submission. The crude product (100 mg) was purified by Flash- Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column, silica gel; mobile phase, ACN/H2O(10mmolNH4HCO3)=18% increasing to ACN/H2O(10mmolNH4HCO3) = 49% within 9 min; Detector, UV 254 nm. 42.1 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 42.0 mg of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[[l-(piperidin-4-yl)-lH- 1, 2,3 -triazol-4-yl] methyl] -lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo [l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 36) [M+H]+ = 569.2, RT = 2.59 min. XH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.69 (s, IH), 9.34 (d, IH, / = 6.4 Hz), 8.68-8.64 (m, 2H), 8.40 (s, IH), 8.22 (s, IH), 7.67-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.45 (d, IH, / = 8.4 Hz), 7.28 (dd, IH, / = 4.2, 7.0 Hz), 7.06 (t, IH, / = 73.4 Hz), 5.49 (s, 2 H), 4.58-4.51 (m, IH), 3.05- 3.02 (m, 2H), 2.62-2.57 (m, IH), 2.30-2.25 (br, IH), 2.01-1.98 (m, 2H), 1.87-1.73 (m, 2H).

Example 457


N-(3-(5 -chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- 1 -(( 1 -( 1 -(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4- yl)piperidin-4-yl)-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5- a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[[l-(piperidin-4-yl)-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl]methyl]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide hydrochloride (200 mg, 0.330 mmol) in dichloromethane (30 mL) was added oxan-4-one (264.9 mg, 2.646 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. Then NaBH(OAc)3 (280.8 mg, 1.325 mmol) was added. The

resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 6 h and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with DCM/MeOH (80:20). The crude product (150 mg) was purified by Flash- Prep-HPLC with the following conditions (IntelFlash-1): Column, silica gel; mobile phase, ACN/H2O (lOmmol NH4HCO3) = 20% increasing to ACN/H2O(10mmolNH4HCO3)=49% within 8 min; Detector, UV 254 nm. 56.9 mg product was obtained. This resulted in 56.9 mg (26% ) of N- [3 - [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 -([ 1 - [ 1 -(oxan-4-yl)piperidin-4-yl] -lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl]methyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a light yellow solid. LCMS (Method 20) [M+H]+ = 653.3, RT = 1.74 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-J6) δ: (ppm) 9.73 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, 1H, / = 1.6, 7.2 Hz), 8.67-8.66 (m, 2H), 8.39 (s, 1H), 8.26 (s, 1H), 7.65-7.62 (m, 2H), 7.44 (d, 1H, / = 8.4 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1H, / = 4.0, 6.8 Hz), 7.06 (t, 1H, / = 73.4 Hz), 5.48 (s, 2H), 4.58-4.45 (m, 1H), 3.90-3.87 (m, 2H), 3.32-3.25 (m, 2H), 3.04-2.98 (m, 2H), 2.51-2.33 (m, 1H), 2.30-2.24 (m, 2H), 2.09-2.06 (m, 2H), 1.99-1.91 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.67 ((m, 2H), 1.49-1.40 (m, 2H).

Example 468


N-(3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)-l-(2-(4-(((l- cyanocyclopropyl)methyl)amino)piperidin-l-yl)-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4- yl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide

To a solution of l,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4,5]decane (9.80 g, 67.1 mmol) in dichloromethane (150 mL) under nitrogen was added triethylamine (11.2 mL, 80.5 mmol. This was then cooled to 0°C and to this was added dropwise with stirring 2-chloroacetyl chloride (6.53 mL, 80.5 mmol) in dichloromethane (50 mL) over 1 and a half hours. This was then stirred overnight warming to room temperature in the process. The reaction was

then quenched by adding 1 N HCl (100 mL). This was then extracted with ethyl acetate and the ethyl acetate layers were dried with solid anhydrous magnesium sulfate powder, filtered and concentrated to give 2-Chloro-l-(l,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4,5]decan-8-yl)ethan-1-one as a brown oil (15.44 g). This was used without purification for the next step.

To N- [3- [5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl] - 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo [1,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (4.65 g, 11.5 mmol) and cesium carbonate (10.08 g, 30.94 mmol) was added N,N-Dimethylformamide (40 mL) and stirred at room temperature for 5 minutes. To this was added 2-Chloro-l-(l,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4,5]decan-8-yl)ethan-l-one (5.34 g, 20.2 mmol) in N,N-Dimethylformamide (4.5 mL) and stirred at room temperature for 3 and a half hours. LC/MS (method 31) shows reaction complete. The reaction was then filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give a red oil. This was then dissolved in 30 mL dichloromethane and purified by ISCO using a silica column and eluting with 0-100 % Ethyl acetate in heptane in 5 minutes followed by 0-15% Methanol in dichloromethane to give 5.16 g (8.78 mmol) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-(l,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4,5]decan-8-yl)-2-oxo-ethyl]pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide as a yellow foamy solid. LC/MS (method 39) [M+H]+ = 589.2, RT = 1.91 min.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-(l,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4,5]decan-8-yl)-2-oxo-ethyl]pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (1.01 g, 1.72 mmol) in acetone (20 mL) was added p-toluenesulfonic acid (359 mg, 2.06 mmol) and refluxed for 6 hours. LC/MS (method 31) shows product and presence of minor amounts of starting material. The reaction was cooled to room temperature and quenched with water. This was then extracted with ethyl acetate, dried with solid anhydrous magnesium sulfate powder and fitered to give a red oil. This was then purified by ISCO with a silica column and eluted with 0-15% methanol in dichloromethane to afford 0.43 g (0.78 mmol) of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-oxo-2-(4-oxo-l-piperidyl)ethyl]pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide as a foamy off white solid. LC/MS (method 39) [M+H]+ = 544.1, RT = 1.91 min.

To a solution of N-[3-[5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl]-l-[2-oxo-2-(4-oxo-l-piperidyl)ethyl]pyrazol-4-yl]pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxamide (201.7 mg 0.38 mmol) in dichloromethane (1.0 mL) was added acetic acid (0.3 mL, 5.24 mmol). To this was then added l-(aminomethyl)cyclopropanecarbonitrile (47.2 mg, 0.466 mmol). This was then stirred at room temperature for 5 minutes. The reaction was then cooled to 0°C and to this was added sodium triacetyoxyborohydride (124.1 mg, 0.56 mmol) and stirred for 3 hours and let warm to room temperature in the process. LC/MS (method 31) shows product as a major peak. The reaction was quenched by adding 2 mL water followed by 10 mL saturated sodium bicarbonate solution. This was the extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers were dried with solid anhydrous magnesium sulfate powder, filtered and concentrated to give a white solid. 20.6 mg was then purified by reverse phase HPLC purification to afford 10.2 mg of N-(3-(5-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)- 1 -(2-(4-((( 1 -cyanocyclopropyl)methyl)amino)piperidin- 1 -yl)-2-oxoethyl)-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[l,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carboxarnide. LC/MS (method 38) [M+H]+ = 624.2, RT = 2.80 min. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) 9.75 (s, 1H), 9.34 (dd, J = 7.0, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.68 (dd, J = 4.3, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.63 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (dd, J = 7.0, 4.2 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (t, J = 73.0 Hz, 1H), 5.23 (d, J = 4.7 Hz, 2H), 4.12 (d, J = 12.7 Hz, 1H), 3.84 (d, J = 13.7 Hz, 1H), 3.14 (t, J = 11.9 Hz, 1H), 2.85 (t, J = 11.9 Hz, 1H), 2.71-2.65 (m, 3H), 2.02 (s, 1H), 1.83 (t, J = 16.2 Hz, 2H), 1.33 1.12 (m, 4H), 0.94 (m, 2H).

Enzymatic Assays

JAK Enzyme Assays were carried out as follows:

The activity of the isolated recombinant JAK1 and JAK2 kinase domain was measured by monitoring phosphorylation of a peptide derived from JAK3 (Val-Ala-Leu-Val-Asp-Gly-Tyr-Phe-Arg-Leu-Thr-Thr, fluorescently labeled on the N-terminus with 5-carboxyfluorescein) using the Caliper LabChip® technology (Caliper Life Sciences, Hopkinton, MA). To determine inhibition constants (¾), compounds were diluted

serially in DMSO and added to 50 μΐ^ kinase reactions containing purified enzyme (1.5 nM JAK1, or 0.2 nM JAK2), 100 mM HEPES buffer (pH 7.2), 0.015% Brij-35, 1.5 μΜ peptide substrate, ATP (25 μΜ), 10 mM MgCl2, 4 mM DTT at a final DMSO concentration of 2%. Reactions were incubated at 22 °C in 384-well polypropylene microtiter plates for 30 minutes and then stopped by addition of 25 μΕ of an EDTA containing solution (100 mM HEPES buffer (pH 7.2), 0.015% Brij-35, 150 mM EDTA), resulting in a final EDTA concentration of 50 mM. After termination of the kinase reaction, the proportion of phosphorylated product was determined as a fraction of total peptide substrate using the Caliper LabChip® 3000 according to the manufacturer's specifications. K\ values were then determined using the Morrison tight binding model (Morrison, J.F., Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 185:269-296 (1969); William, J.W. and Morrison, J.F., Meth. Enzymol., 63:437-467 (1979)) modified for ATP-competitive inhibition [K, = K app l (1 + [ATP] / Km,app)].

JAK1 Pathway Assay in Cell Lines was carried out as follows:

Inhibitor potency (EC50) was determined in cell-based assays designed to measure

JAK1 dependent STAT phosphorylation. As noted above, inhibition of IL-4, IL-13, and IL-9 signaling by blocking the Jak/Stat signaling pathway can alleviate asthmatic symptoms in pre-clinical lung inflammation models (Mathew et al., 2001, J Exp Med 193(9): 1087-1096; Kudlacz et. al., 2008, Eur J. Pharmacol 582(1-3): 154-161).

In one assay approach, TF-1 human erythroleukemia cells obtained from the

American Type Culture Collection (ATCC; Manassas, VA) were used to measure JAK1-dependent STAT6 phosphorylation downstream of IL-13 stimulation. Prior to use in the assays, TF-1 cells were starved of GM-CSF overnight in OptiMEM medium (Life Technologies, Grand Island, NY) supplemented with 0.5% charcoal/dextran stripped fetal bovine serum (FBS), 0.1 mM non-essential amino acids (NEAA), and 1 mM sodium pyruvate. The assays were run in 384-well plates in serum-free OptiMEM medium using 300,000 cells per well. In a second assay approach, BEAS-2B human bronchial epithelial cells obtained from ATCC were plated at 100,000 cells per well of a 96-well plate one day prior to the experiment. The BEAS-2B assay was run in complete growth medium (bronchial epithelial basal medium plus bulletkit; Lonza; Basel, Switzerland).

Test compounds were serially diluted 1 :2 in DMSO and then diluted 1 :50 in medium just before use. Diluted compounds were added to the cells, for a final DMSO concentration of 0.2%, and incubated for 30 min (for the TF-1 assay) or 1 hr (for the BEAS-2B assay) at 37 °C. Then, cells were stimulated with human recombinant cytokine at their respective EC90 concentrations, as previously determined for each individual lot. Cells were stimulated with IL-13 (R&D Systems, Minneapolis, MN) for 15 min at 37°C. The TF-1 cell reactions were stopped by the direct addition of lOx lysis buffer (Cell Signaling Technologies, Danvers, MA), whereas the BEAS-2B cell incubations were halted by the removal of medium and addition of lx lysis buffer. The resultant samples were frozen in the plates at -80 °C. Compound mediated inhibition of STAT6 phosphorylation was measured in the cell lysates using MesoScale Discovery (MSD) technology (Gaithersburg, MD). EC50 values were determined as the concentration of compound required for 50% inhibition of STAT phosphorylation relative to that measured for the DMSO control.

Table 2 provides JAK1 Kh JAK2 Kt and IL-13-pSTAT6 IC50 information for the noted Examples of the indicated Tables as well as LCMS (ESI) information.

Table 2:


585.0 5 3.03 0.09634 0.11951 0.7456

586.0 11 0.90 0.00071 0.00028 0.0156 0.5543

571.9 11 0.90 0.00065 0.00032

600.1 11 0.93 0.00105 0.00030 0.0118

599.1 5 2.96 0.00130 0.00117 0.0150

661.1 5 3.38 0.00073 0.00066 0.0220

615.0 5 2.86 0.00114 0.00113 0.3348

659.0 5 3.58 0.00053 0.00093 0.3345

647.0 5 3.24 0.00062 0.00056 0.0081

788.3 5 3.57 0.00071 0.00085 0.0809

682.1 5 2.91 0.00056 0.00056 0.2743

684.2 5 2.85 0.00072 0.00071 0.3792

570.9 5 2.87 0.00051 0.00121 0.3435

570.9 5 2.90 0.00047 0.00116 3.0382

696.1 5 2.87 0.00094 0.00095 0.1575

726.2 5 3.20 0.00070 0.00081 0.0086

584.9 5 2.88 0.00078 0.00202 0.0049

585.0 5 2.90 0.00066 0.00161 0.1214

655.1 5 2.93 0.00077 0.00094 0.0062

677.0 5 2.84 0.00046 0.00055 0.1444

613.1 5 3.06 0.00082 0.00084 0.0035 0.1770

584.9 5 2.85 0.00101 0.00176 0.0056

584.9 5 2.85 0.00070 0.00169

663.1 5 2.84 0.00037 0.00053 0.1024

684.4 5 2.87 0.00046 0.00050 0.0985

689.3 5 3.29 0.00066 0.00049 0.0062 0.0485

732.2 5 3.00 0.00047 0.00046

766.4 5 2.94 0.00051 0.00073 0.2346

725.3 5 2.99 0.00084 0.00062 0.0576

677.2 5 3.26 0.00110 0.00078 0.0118

629.2 5 2.94 0.00088 0.00078 0.0085

641.2 5 2.86 0.00055 0.00087 0.0066

625.2 5 3.13 0.00065 0.00061 0.0038 0.1280

585.2 5 2.86 0.00091 0.00147 0.0080

585.2 5 2.86 0.00069 0.00067 0.0031

647.2 5 3.24 0.00066 0.00036 0.0150

647.2 5 3.24 0.00054 0.00022 0.0067

585.2 5 2.87 0.00074 0.00178 0.0071 0.0245

669.3 5 3.14 0.00058 0.00070 0.0082

678.3 5 3.39 0.00033 0.00054 0.0110

585.2 5 2.87 0.00094 0.00185 0.0137 0.0594

585.2 5 2.86 0.00050 0.00096 0.0113

643.2 5 2.93 0.00099 0.00074 0.0320

728.3 5 2.99 0.00109 0.00106 0.0779

653.4 5 3.39 0.00065 0.00062 0.0054 0.0388

585.2 5 2.85 0.00061 0.00122 0.0109

730.4 5 3.23 0.00076 0.00067 0.0151

697.3 5 3.29 0.00085 0.00072 0.0210

600.1 5 2.90 0.00074 0.00026 0.0069

626.2 5 3.07 0.00059 0.00013 0.0150

704.2 5 3.34 0.00060 0.00033 0.0256

639.2 5 4.10 0.00050 0.00080 0.0037

725.2 5 3.62 0.00110 0.00070 0.0462

585.2 5 2.91 0.00023 0.00068 0.0275 0.0324

585.2 5 2.91 0.00207 0.00268 0.0558 0.0892

612.2 5 2.84 0.00034 0.00070 0.0057 0.0122

545.0 5 2.81 0.00066 0.00084

559.0 5 2.89 0.00054 0.00069 0.0094

545.0 5 2.84 0.00058 0.00178 0.0356 0.3345

573.0 5 2.88 0.00089 0.00187 0.0146 0.0715

617.0 5 2.98 0.00074 0.00168 0.0134

599.1 5 2.95 0.00086 0.00245 0.0204

587.0 5 2.94 0.00067 0.00238 0.0161

587.0 5 3.01 0.00106 0.00466

587.1 5 3.01 0.00117 0.00407 0.0072

617.1 5 3.01 0.00071 0.00171

603.1 5 2.87 0.00097 0.00242 0.0385

587.9 11 0.91 0.00066 0.00061 0.0787

630.2 11 0.89 0.00050 0.00052

630.2 11 0.88 0.00060 0.00051 0.2095

587.9 12 1.18 0.00208 0.00138 0.0524

79 587.9 12 1.18 0.00454 0.00211 0.1582

80 663.2 5 3.26 0.00043 0.00087 0.0049

81 545.1 5 2.92 0.00535 0.00324 0.2532

82 602.2 5 3.01 0.00117 0.00053 0.0087

83 559.2 5 2.84 0.00107 0.00159 0.0423 0.1425

599.2 5 3.02 0.00091 0.00147 0.0246

84

663.3 5 3.37 0.00086 0.00166 0.0153 0.1003

85

664.3 5 3.10 0.00072 0.00160 0.0252

86

598.2 5 2.97 0.00040 0.00073 0.0154 0.0140

87

88 672.2 5 3.03 0.00172 0.00191 0.2987

89 649.2 5 3.38 0.00088 0.00145 0.0227

90 679.3 5 3.12 0.00095 0.00131 0.0233

91 665.2 5 3.10 0.00075 0.00115 0.1487

92 683.2 5 3.50 0.00092 0.00203 0.0556

93 717.3 5 3.63 0.00128 0.00258 0.0959

94 697.3 5 3.57 0.00120 0.00207 0.0424 0.0931

95 693.3 5 3.38 0.00080 0.00260 0.0173

96 643.3 5 2.90 0.00063 0.00140 0.0041

97 731.3 5 3.70 0.00116 0.00197 0.1869

98 649.3 5 3.22 0.00079 0.00181 0.0038 0.0381

99 641.2 5 4.39 0.00040 0.00076 0.0017 0.0305

100 679.3 5 3.35 0.00084 0.00201 0.0054

101 669.3 5 3.63 0.00067 0.00177 0.0165

102 699.2 5 3.71 0.00062 0.00110 0.0085 0.0347

103 731.3 5 5.49 0.00398 0.00795 0.2649

104 757.2 5 3.65 0.00093 0.00211 0.0202

105 757.2 5 3.52 0.00145 0.00317 0.0500

106 713.3 5 3.48 0.00109 0.00229 0.0155

107 713.2 5 3.55 0.00097 0.00249 0.0176

108 735.4 5 3.81 0.00247 0.00366 0.0431

109 719.5 5 3.64 0.00322 0.00730 0.0429

110 693.5 5 3.51 0.00104 0.00203 0.0089 0.0875

111 739.4 5 4.00 0.00310 0.01061 0.2030

112 693.4 5 3.38 0.00045 0.00101 0.0963

113 741.4 5 3.74 0.00119 0.00215 0.0306

114 680.4 5 3.43 0.00052 0.00134 0.0153

115 683.3 5 5.43 0.00128 0.00248 0.0577

116 717.3 5 5.38 0.00376 0.00704 0.0233

117 725.4 5 3.97 0.00051 0.00113 0.0086 0.0546

118 731.4 5 4.01 0.00257 0.00445 0.1001 0.3030

119 727.2 5 3.45 0.00121 0.00051 0.0208

120 705.4 5 3.78 0.00030 0.00023 0.1179

121 717.3 5 3.56 0.00024 0.00031 0.1397

122 727.3 5 3.43 0.00027 0.00017 0.0249

123 677.3 5 3.49 0.00223 0.00163 0.0076 0.0487

124 691.3 5 3.48 0.00121 0.00290 0.0879 0.5355 125 707.4 5 3.55 0.00061 0.00220 0.0117

126 683.3 5 3.40 0.00063 0.00180 0.0149

127 721.4 5 3.80 0.00078 0.00244 0.0724

128 717.3 5 3.51 0.00112 0.00309 0.0425

129 677.3 5 3.46 0.00114 0.00333 0.0142

130 699.3 5 3.50 0.00110 0.00291 0.0323

131 745.3 5 3.46 0.00107 0.00268 0.0237

132 703.3 5 4.87 0.00057 0.00127 0.0031 0.0973

133 731.3 5 5.56 0.00651 0.00833

134 637.2 5 3.09 0.00033 0.00069 0.0023 0.0118

135 681.3 5 3.32 0.00052 0.00115 0.0269

136 574.0 12 1.18 0.00064 0.00025 0.0367

137 632.0 11 0.94 0.00053 0.00072

138 560.2 11 0.87 0.00052 0.00026

139 588.2 5 2.93 0.00078 0.00036 0.0402

140 617.9 11 0.88 0.00046 0.00039 0.0293

141 632.1 11 0.90 0.00068 0.00059 0.0150

142 587.0 5 2.91 0.00165 0.00038 0.0363

143 656.1 5 3.47 0.00076 0.00018 0.0204

144 628.0 7 0.98 0.00054 0.00017 0.0128 0.0213

145 664.0 9 1.26 0.00057 0.00016 0.0148

146 628.0 9 1.20 0.00045 0.00013 0.0039

147 658.0 9 1.19 0.00055 0.00014 0.0118

148 616.0 11 0.99 0.00064 0.00010 0.0094

149 601.9 13 1.75 0.00081 0.00020 0.0083 0.0198

150 602.0 11 0.98 0.00073 0.00017 0.0201

151 678.0 11 1.04 0.00200 0.00042 0.0938

152 657.3 5 3.03 0.00108 0.00019 0.0119

153 629.2 5 2.91 0.00155 0.00027 0.0365

154 628.3 5 3.06 0.00142 0.00023 0.0027

155 613.2 5 3.01 0.00156 0.00024 0.0051

156 601.2 5 3.05 0.00153 0.00019 0.0318

157 559.1 5 2.93 0.00132 0.00075 0.0092

158 615.3 5 2.47 0.00212 0.00026 0.0388

159 631.2 5 2.53 0.00232 0.00024 0.0578

160 573.3 5 2.90 0.00302 0.00039 0.0193

161 663.3 5 2.92 0.00123 0.00013 0.0223

162 588.1 5 2.93 0.00059 0.00018 0.0154

163 629.1 5 2.99 0.00069 0.00019 0.0073

164 643.1 5 3.13 0.00044 0.00006 0.0056

165 574.2 5 2.88 0.00038 0.00015 0.0069

166 719.4 5 3.60 0.00091 0.00026 0.0229

167 678.3 5 3.49 0.00053 0.00018 0.0197

168 587.3 5 3.03 0.00147 0.00029 0.0077

169 643.2 5 3.03 0.00116 0.00022 0.0068

170 573.3 5 2.86 0.00167 0.00025 0.0114

171 516.9 11 0.98 0.00072 0.00017 0.0219

172 530.9 11 0.99 0.00088 0.00015 0.0159

173 642.3 5 3.00 0.00058 0.00013 0.0048

174 559.1 5 3.27 0.00067 0.00009 0.0123

175 617.2 5 3.32 0.00078 0.00013 0.0134

176 561.2 5 2.96 0.00068 0.00012 0.0127

177 623.2 5 3.02 0.00045 0.00009 0.0150

178 593.2 5 3.43 0.00123 0.00043 0.0839

179 635.2 5 3.79 0.00304 0.00090 0.1302

180 637.3 5 3.65 0.00125 0.00035 0.0384

181 679.3 5 3.79 0.00199 0.00048 0.0956

182 502.9 12 1.23 0.00049 0.00020 0.0089

183 502.9 11 1.00 0.00049 0.00023 0.0068

184 547.3 11 1.00 0.00076 0.00018 0.0035

185 489.1 11 0.91 0.00059 0.00031

186 488.9 12 1.10 0.00071 0.00020 0.0123

187 742.4 5 3.94 0.00705 0.00903

188 548.1 5 3.20 0.00126 0.00084 0.0058 0.0349

189 587.2 5 3.19 0.00259 0.00161 0.0053 0.0200

190 562.1 5 3.18 0.00269 0.00202 0.0146 0.0098

191 576.1 5 3.29 0.00293 0.00292 0.0105

192 638.2 5 3.73 0.00500 0.00372 0.2723

193 619.1 5 3.03 0.00223 0.00146 0.0235

194 578.2 5 3.15 0.00228 0.00144 0.0174

195 560.1 5 3.07 0.00136 0.00086 0.0165

196 596.1 5 3.71 0.00174 0.00105 0.0174

197 586.3 5 3.10 0.00089 0.00086 0.0062

198 616.1 5 5.36 0.00272 0.00217 0.0291

199 590.3 5 3.51 0.00122 0.00107 0.0073

200 618.2 5 3.17 0.00124 0.00107 0.0059 0.0254

201 624.2 5 3.55 0.00505 0.00376 0.1837

202 727.4 5 4.89 0.00110 0.00182 0.0158

203 655.3 5 3.96 0.00548 0.00415

204 766.4 5 3.77 0.00200 0.00141 0.0079 0.1715

205 520.2 5 3.02 0.00080 0.00058 0.0044 0.0338

206 610.2 5 3.64 0.01404 0.00867

207 560.1 5 3.26 0.00101 0.00069 0.0236

208 588.0 5 5.29 0.00138 0.00108 0.0335

209 503.0 5 3.16 0.00078 0.00028 0.0074 0.0415

210 545.1 5 3.48 0.00016 0.00010 0.2397

211 570.9 5 2.86 0.00110 0.00138 0.0209

212 585.1 5 2.92 0.00091 0.00193 0.0306

213 615.2 5 2.97 0.00149 0.00234

214 556.9 5 2.82 0.00117 0.00129

215 630.2 12 1.12 0.00133 0.00126

216 585.0 5 2.87 0.00113 0.00182 0.0125

217 570.9 5 2.87 0.00107 0.00137

218 585.0 5 2.92 0.00101 0.00308 0.0756

219 556.9 5 2.87 0.00056 0.00128 1.0320

220 556.9 5 2.84 0.00122 0.00271 1.1706

221 570.9 5 2.88 0.00092 0.00168 0.1305

222 599.0 5 2.94 0.00054 0.00159 0.0289

223 584.9 5 2.94 0.00044 0.00072 0.1867

224 599.0 5 2.96 0.00056 0.00147 0.0193

225 641.3 5 3.15 0.00039 0.00129 0.0050 0.0423

226 816.4 5 3.59 0.00041 0.00111 0.0415

227 545.1 5 2.89 0.00055 0.00093 0.0036 0.0271

228 575.1 5 2.84 0.00047 0.00089 0.0111 0.0655

229 589.1 5 2.98 0.00038 0.00084 0.0033 0.0516

230 589.1 5 2.84 0.00061 0.00071

231 619.2 5 2.85 0.00054 0.00118

232 637.1 5 3.05 0.00074 0.00146

233 559.1 5 2.89 0.00078 0.00143 0.0100 0.0181

234 575.0 5 2.83 0.00058 0.00122

235 575.1 5 2.82 0.00058 0.00108 0.0213 0.1140

236 607.0 5 4.68 0.00041 0.00074

237 632.1 5 4.47 0.00032 0.00076

238 646.1 5 3.32 0.00045 0.00055 0.0218

239 559.1 5 2.87 0.00155 0.00238 0.0086

240 589.1 5 2.88 0.00100 0.00168

241 585.1 5 2.98 0.00087 0.00125

242 571.0 5 2.89 0.00095 0.00103

243 560.0 5 2.88 0.00049 0.00036

244 589.9 11 0.90 0.00049 0.00024

245 604.0 11 0.94 0.00035 0.00022

246 573.9 11 0.91 0.00108 0.00057 0.0488

247 574.1 11 0.91 0.00055 0.00030

248 600.2 11 0.94 0.00062 0.00039

249 545.9 12 1.09 0.00073 0.00044 0.0323

250 572.0 11 0.89 0.00139 0.00048

251 574.0 11 1.01 0.00083 0.00046

252 571.9 11 0.99 0.00081 0.00015 0.0430

253 652.3 5 3.35 0.00056 0.00041 0.0183

254 499.0 5 3.87 0.00163 0.00077 0.1174

255 555.1 5 3.39 0.00056 0.00040 0.0862

256 585.2 5 3.45 0.00131 0.00095 0.0920

257 603.1 5 4.28 0.00293 0.00210 1.0000

258 596.1 5 3.46 0.00117 0.00072 0.0710

259 624.2 5 3.29 0.00093 0.00056 0.0130

260 562.1 5 2.56 0.00774 0.00265 0.0685

261 569.1 5 3.62 0.01790 0.01024

262 560.1 5 2.85 0.00584 0.00173 0.0627

263 519.0 5 3.23 0.00150 0.00203 0.0192

264 574.1 5 3.06 0.00269 0.00238 0.0198

265 576.1 5 3.09 0.00363 0.00429 0.0228

266 575.2 5 3.64 0.00024 0.00010 0.0059

267 576.1 5 3.50 0.00066 0.00062 0.0358

268 546.1 5 3.68 0.00049 0.00046 0.0055 269 545.9 5 3.55 0.00033 0.00083

270 547.0 11 1.01 0.00024 0.00020

271 517.2 11 1.06 0.00021 0.00013

272 576.0 5 3.30 0.00033 0.00078

273 577.1 12 1.17 0.00049 0.00023

274 560.0 5 3.58 0.00034 0.00091 0.0032 0.0131

275 590.1 5 3.54 0.00031 0.00089

276 623.1 5 3.05 0.00023 0.00018

111 562.0 5 3.43 0.00051 0.00083

278 546.0 5 3.51 0.00024 0.00063 0.0050

279 651.2 12 1.35 0.00039 0.00022

280 560.0 5 3.69 0.00039 0.00081 0.0043 0.0215

281 631.0 5 4.75 0.00048 0.00045 0.0022

282 567.0 11 1.10 0.00017 0.00012

283 646.1 11 1.19 0.00055 0.00029

284 528.0 5 4.28 0.00015 0.00037 0.0016 0.0125

285 637.1 11 1.20 0.00061 0.00047

286 637.0 11 1.23 0.00054 0.00026

287 552.0 5 4.22 0.00035 0.00065

288 532.0 5 3.77 0.00058 0.00111 0.0028 0.0363

289 622.0 5 4.22 0.00030 0.00038

290 547.0 11 1.04 0.00024 0.00011

291 546.0 5 3.69 0.00054 0.00055 0.0036 0.0317

292 503.0 5 4.52 0.00039 0.00040 0.0014 0.0210 293 546.0 5 3.83 0.00029 0.00038 0.0030 0.0081

294 506.0 5 3.00 0.00089 0.00057 0.0062 0.0367

295 463.0 5 2.81 0.00049 0.00021 0.0055 0.0345

296 531.2 5 3.10 0.00026 0.00021 0.0056 0.0283

297 489.1 5 2.87 0.00032 0.00007 0.0071 0.0308

298 503.2 5 2.93 0.00052 0.00018 0.0044 0.0215

299 595.2 5 3.08 0.00038 0.00039 0.0041 0.0104

300 615.0 5 4.42 0.00028 0.00018 0.0040 0.0142

301 581.2 5 3.22 0.00033 0.00036 0.0034 0.0095

302 635.2 5 3.27 0.00060 0.00111 0.0162

303 703.3 5 5.09 0.00190 0.00328 0.0784

304 475.1 17 6.52 0.00078 0.00039 0.0059 0.0469

305 489.1 18 7.75 0.00061 0.00032 0.0109 0.0426

306 534.2 14 1.13 0.00115 0.00054 0.0062 0.0659

307 574.2 15 2.23 0.00145 0.00059 0.0061 0.0250

308 530.1 5 4.27 0.00024 0.00055 0.0015 0.0236

309 534.1 16 2.68 0.00134 0.00047 0.0163 0.0490

310 589.2 26 0.82 0.00052 0.00059 8.8300

311 589.1 25 0.85 0.00125 0.00073 2.6000

312 522.2 20 2.5 0.00040 0.00032 0.0719

313 538.2 20 2.7 0.00021 0.00021 0.0218

314 539.2 20 2.53 0.00062 0.00039 0.0995

315 539.1 25 1.45 0.00072 0.00040 0.0823

316 635 21 1.56 0.00048 0.00104 0.1420 317 587.1 25 1.8 0.00064 0.00116 0.0229

318 615.2 25 0.93 0.00056 0.00111 0.0283

319 573.2 20 2.86 0.00050 0.00086 0.0577

320 621 21 1.53 0.00031 0.00060 0.0473

321 644.2 20 2.34 0.00040 0.00090 0.0133

322 603.2 20 2.83 0.00031 0.00080 0.0411

323 503.1 20 1.65 0.00068 0.00033 0.0209

324 531.2 20 2.67 0.00095 0.00161 0.0566

325 616.3 20 2.41 0.00041 0.00103 0.0651

326 554.2 20 2.79 0.00021 0.00028 0.0070

327 554.2 20 1.58 0.00025 0.00020 0.0077

328 554.2 20 1.58 0.00021 0.00023 0.0102

329 617.2 24 1.53 0.00030 0.00076 0.0115

330 643.2 25 1.49 0.00039 0.00088 0.0343

331 617.1 25 1.51 0.00039 0.00077 0.0176

332 631.2 28 0.89 0.00049 0.00091 0.0692

333 700.2 24 2.21 0.00069 0.00196 0.0065

334 714.2 24 2.42 0.00069 0.00181 0.0061

335 714.2 24 1.94 0.00084 0.00222 0.0121

336 687.2 28 0.86 0.00049 0.00105 0.0145

337 728.2 24 1.87 0.00083 0.00252 0.0232

338 645.2 24 2.97 0.00036 0.00116 0.0177

339 701.2 20 0.92 0.00041 0.00101 0.0094

340 659.2 28 1.23 0.00044 0.00179 0.0090 341 671.3 20 1.58 0.00053 0.00262 0.5340

342 574.1 28 1.11 0.00019 0.00020 1.8100

343 588.2 20 2.79

344 657.2 24 1.68 0.00070 0.00190 0.0484

345 645.2 24 1.64 0.00059 0.00147 0.0166

346 584.2 20 2.23 0.00037 0.00031 0.1150

347 629.1 28 1.44 0.00039 0.00076 0.0307

348 629.2 20 1.55 0.00040 0.00102 0.0120

349 628.2 20 2.2 0.00055 0.00165 0.0155

350 642.2 24 1.55 0.00043 0.00142 0.0094

351 627.1 24 1.55 0.00046 0.00094 0.0365

352 655.2 20 1.91 0.00033 0.00075 0.0124

353 603.1 28 0.81 0.00032 0.00036 3.6100

354 604.3 20 2.08 0.00072 0.00105 0.0240

355 604.3 20 2.08 0.00332 0.00372 0.0678

356 604.3 20 2.08 0.00264 0.00237 0.0396

357 604.3 20 2.08 0.00122 0.00106 0.0216

358 504.2 20 1.38 0.00093 0.00066 0.0133

359 504.2 20 1.71 0.00385 0.00270 0.0309

360 504.2 20 1.38 0.00469 0.00170 0.0366

361 504.2 20 1.71 0.00294 0.00205 0.0273

362 625.3 20 1.68 0.00504 0.00327

363 597.2 20 2.72 0.00415 0.00121 3.7800

364 631.2 25 1.89 0.00077 0.00160 0.0952 365 603.1 25 1.39 0.00041 0.00055 7.5600

366 574.2 20 2.7 0.00107 0.00099 0.3120

367 529.2 20 2.42 0.00083 0.00050 0.0352

368 539.1 25 0.87 0.00072 0.00051 0.0560

369 476.2 20 2.53 0.00113 0.00125 0.0093

370 490.1 28 0.84 0.00137 0.00137 0.0402

371 490.1 28 0.86 0.00114 0.00119 0.0146

372 605.2 20 1.61 0.00025 0.00051 0.0197

373 573.2 20 1.8 0.00070 0.00124 0.0342

374 585.2 20 2.4 0.00045 0.00088 0.0295

375 559.2 25 1.63 0.00075 0.00154 0.0716

376 559.2 20 2.23 0.00066 0.00103 0.0325

377 573.2 25 0.97 0.00056 0.00130 0.0528

378 573.2 20 2.51 0.00093 0.00160 0.0874

379 602.2 25 0.89 0.00086 0.00233 0.0755

380 612.1 25 1.7 0.00030 0.00068 0.0481

381 546.1 28 0.82 0.00107 0.00055 0.0298

382 629.1 28 0.81 0.00034 0.00075 0.0257

383 602.2 20 3.66 0.00039 0.00066 0.2770

384 552.1 25 1.16 0.00030 0.00023 0.1390

385 552.1 25 1.15 0.00045 0.00030 0.1630

386 520.1 28 0.85 0.00106 0.00056 0.0297

387 520.1 28 0.82 0.00124 0.00046 0.0107

388 685.2 25 1.05 0.00051 0.00242 0.0241 389 699.2 28 0.95 0.00040 0.00216 0.0175

390 560.2 28 0.94 0.00128 0.00084 0.0424

391 659.2 28 0.9 0.00091 0.00249 0.0206

392 615 28 0.99 0.00040 0.00077 0.0261

393 615.2 20 1.84 0.00038 0.00089 0.0115

394 544 23 2.37 0.00087 0.00061 0.0311

395 557.1 23 1.76 0.00129 0.00096 0.0224

396 580.1 20 2.76 0.00329 0.00129 0.0382

397 617.2 20 2.68 0.00028 0.00077 0.0270

398 656.4 20 1.45 0.00050 0.00145 0.0183

399 518.1 23 1.46 0.00090 0.00039 0.0232

400 644.3 20 2.38 0.00058 0.00173 0.0309

401 630.2 20 2.34 0.00075 0.00203 0.1520

402 518.2 20 1.45 0.00083 0.00040 0.0187

403 548.2 35 2.28 0.00146 0.00071 0.0283

404 506.1 24 2.41 0.00168 0.00061 0.0078

405 546.2 24 1.96 0.00173 0.00068 0.0257

406 584.3 20 2.32 0.00046 0.00099 0.0333

407 628.3 20 1.41 0.00036 0.00071 0.1720

408 642.2 30 0.93 0.00059 0.00229 0.1210

409 624.1 32 1.65 0.00036 0.00089 0.0196

410 629.3 20 1.46 0.00060 0.00125 0.0183

411 504.2 24 2.57 0.00170 0.00043 0.0228

412 546.2 24 1.68 0.00170 0.00096 0.0395 413 626.4 33 1.24 0.00025 0.00074 0.0209

414 638.3 29 1.56 0.00030 0.00076 0.0182

415 528.1 32 2.21 0.00299 0.00209 0.0460

416 642.5 31 1.35 0.00041 0.00084 0.0316

417 531.2 35 2.3 0.00291 0.00137 0.0934

418 544.2 24 2.36 0.00243 0.00080 0.0609

419 612.4 33 1.23 0.00041 0.00106 0.0313

420 595.4 33 1.43 0.00057 0.00081 0.0301

421 581.4 34 2.44 0.00065 0.00089 0.0498

422 528.2 20 1.59 0.00089 0.00177 0.0610

423 684.4 19 1.86 0.00073 0.00279 0.0312

424 670.3 20 1.5 0.00112 0.00344 0.0987

425 670.4 20 2.51 0.00060 0.00164 0.0411

426 656.3 20 1.46 0.00053 0.00125 0.0394

427 713.3 25 0.95 0.00042 0.00125 0.0224

428 713.3 25 0.9 0.00079 0.00251 0.0453

429 615.2 20 1.45 0.00048 0.00099 0.0074

430 571.2 25 1.11 0.00051 0.00077 0.0058

431 624.2 24 1.76 0.00029 0.00074 0.0029

432 629.2 20 2.68 0.00040 0.00120 0.0326

433 645.2 24 1.58 0.00042 0.00116 0.0360

434 631.2 20 1.52 0.00031 0.00067 0.0187

435 652.2 24 2.9 0.00034 0.00098 0.0074

436 610.1 24 2.73 0.00025 0.00075 0.0103 437 601.2 24 1.46 0.00038 0.00088 0.0126

438 659.1 25 1.06 0.00059 0.00192 0.0150

439 571.2 20 1.49 0.00071 0.00078 0.0353

440 585.2 24 1.59 0.00046 0.00054 0.0068

441 629.4 20 2.54 0.00052 0.00148 0.0084

442 629.2 20 2.68 0.00033 0.00084 0.0194

443 647.1 24 1.34 0.00023 0.00063 0.0663

444 557.2 20 1.45 0.00076 0.00089 0.0540

445 628.4 20 1.43 0.00035 0.00087 0.3000

446 610.3 20 2.46 0.00045 0.00130 0.0121

447 627.2 25 0.96 0.00049 0.00125 0.0161

448 642.2 24 1.43 0.00036 0.00088 0.0425

449 629.3 20 1.46 0.00038 0.00110 0.0136

450 627.2 25 0.97 0.00037 0.00097 0.0126

451 629.3 20 2.29 0.00045 0.00156 0.0201

452 569.2 36 2.59 0.00071 0.00065 0.0809

453 673.3 25 1.14 0.00041 0.00130 0.0304

454 583.2 24 1.58 0.00040 0.00023 0.0235

455 639.2 24 2.47 0.00030 0.00015 0.0210

456 612.2 20 1.49 0.00049 0.00111 0.0410

457 653.3 20 1.74 0.00045 0.00026 0.0156

458 629.2 20 2.53 0.00047 0.00090 0.0081

459 615.2 20 1.46 0.00030 0.00072 0.0075

460 660.2 24 1.63 0.00039 0.00110 0.0068 461 598.2 20 2.34 0.00040 0.00084 0.0117

462 638.1 23 2.55 0.00038 0.00086 0.0108

463 623.1 25 1.28 0.00031 0.00070 0.0070

464 626.3 20 2.41 0.00049 0.00141 0.0095

465 640.2 25 2.94 0.00024 0.00056 0.0114

466 626.2 24 1.85 0.00027 0.00074 0.0140

467 639.2 37 3.15 0.00024 0.00064 0.0075

468 624.2 38 2.8 0.00036 0.00092 0.0060

Blank: Not determined

Clearance Assay

In certain instances high systemic clearance of a drug substance may be of benefit. For example, in the treatment of pulmonary diseases it may be beneficial to have high drug concentrations in the lung, with lower concentrations in the bloodstream or peripheral organs. In such cases, it may be advantageous to administer a drug substance with high systemic clearance via the inhaled delivery route. This approach may maximize pharmacologic activity of the drug substance in the lung while minimizing the possibility of on-target toxicity elsewhere in the body. The functional groups appended to the 5-chloro-2-difluoromethoxyphenyl pyrazolopyrimidine scaffold affect systemic clearance. For example, compound i exhibits a mouse intravenous (IV) clearance value of 5.3 mL/min/kg, or 6 % of mouse liver blood flow. Representative mouse IV clearance values for examples in the prese Table 3.


Compound i.

Table 3. Mouse IV clearance values for compounds in the present invention.


Female BALB/c mice were obtained from Charles River Labs (Hollister, CA USA). Twelve animals were given a single IV dose of 1 mg/kg of compounds via the tail vein. A representative dose solution was prepared as follows: the compound was dissolved in a mixture of 5% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), 35% polyethylene glycol (PEG 400), and 60% water (v/v/v), respectively, and administered at a dosing volume of 5 mL/kg. Mice weighed approximately 20-25 g at the start of the study. After intravenous administration of compounds, each animal was bled twice via retro-orbital and cardiac puncture. PK time points were collected at 2 min, 5 min, 15 min, 30 min, 1 hr, 2 hr, 4 hr, and 8 hr post-dose. Plasma samples were stored at approximately -80 °C until thawed for LC-MS/MS analysis. PK data analysis was performed on mean plasma concentration-time data and PK parameters were determined by non compartmental methods using WinNonlin® Enterprise, version 5.2.1 (Pharsight Corporation; Mountain View, CA).