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الإعدادات

الإعدادات

1. CA2938519 - SECURE REAL-TIME PRODUCT OWNERSHIP TRACKING USING DISTRIBUTED ELECTRONIC LEDGERS

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WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. An apparatus for use in a product information tracking system, the apparatus comprising: a storage device; and a processor coupled to the storage device, the storage device storing software
instructions for controlling the processor that when executed configure the processor to: receive a signal representing data including at least one of event information
detailing an event involving a manufactured product and an event involving an entity having a registered ownership interest in the product; determine whether a triggering event corresponding to the event is stored in an event trigger list within a distributed electronic ledger for tracking information associated with the product, the event trigger list including entity data associated with each entity having a registered ownership interest in the product, wherein at least a portion of the distributed electronic ledger is stored at the storage device; when the event has a corresponding triggering event, determine a rule associated with the corresponding triggering event, wherein the rule is stored in a rules engine within the distributed electronic ledger; and update and save the distributed electronic ledger by performing an action specified by the determined rule.
2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the distributed electronic ledger includes, within a block thereof and associated with the product, the event trigger list, the rules engine, and a cryptographic hash of information reflecting a prior event involving the manufactured product or an entity having a registered ownership interest in the product.
3. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the product is a connected product and
wherein the event trigger list includes one or more of product data associated with maintenance of the product and product data associated with performance of the product.
4. The apparatus of claim 3, wherein the event is a maintenance status, maintenance milestone, or performance threshold.
5. The apparatus of claim 3, wherein the action includes communicating a notification to be displayed on the product.
6. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the action is a transaction corresponding to an automatic increase, decrease, or transfer to another entity, of an entity's registered ownership interest in the product.
7. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the event is one of a change in the vital status of an entity having a registered ownership interest in the product and a change in the marital status of two entities each having a respective registered ownership interest in the product.
8. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the event is a payment contribution of an entity having a registered ownership interest in the product.
9. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the event involves an entity having a registered ownership interest in a plurality of manufactured products and wherein the software instructions when executed further configure the processor to: determine whether a respective triggering event corresponding to the event is stored in a respective event trigger list within each of a plurality of distributed electronic ledgers for respectively tracking information associated with a respective one of the plurality of products; when the event has a corresponding respective triggering event, determine a respective rule associated with the respective corresponding triggering event, wherein the respective rule is stored in a respective rules engine within the respective distributed ledger; and update and save each of the distributed electronic ledgers by performing a respective action specified by the respective determined rule.
10. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the processor is further configured to: encrypt the rule using a master cryptographic key; and perform operations that cause the hashing of the encrypted rule into a genesis block of the distributed electronic ledger.
11. The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the processor is further configured to: encrypt the event trigger list using the master cryptographic key; and perform operations that cause the hashing of the encrypted event trigger list into the genesis block of the distributed electronic ledger.
12. The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the processor is further configured to: generate respective private cryptographic keys associated with the respective entities having a registered ownership interest in the product, each of the private cryptographic keys being capable of decrypting the encrypted event trigger list; and provide the respective private cryptographic keys to the respective entities.
13. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein: updating the distributed ledger includes generating a transaction block of the
distributed ledger, and the software instructions when executed further configure the processor to store at least one ownership interest allocation term or funds distribution term associated with the product in the rules engine.
14. An apparatus for tracking ownership of a product, comprising: a storage device; and a processor coupled to the storage device, the storage device storing software
instructions for controlling the processor that when executed by the processor configure the processor to: receive a signal representing data including event information detailing an event involving an entity having a registered ownership interest in the product; load a portion of a distributed electronic ledger for tracking ownership information associated with the product, the distributed electronic ledger including, within a block thereof and associated with the product, an event trigger list including entity data associated with each entity having a registered ownership interest in the product and a rules engine including at least one of rules associated with event triggers in the event trigger list, the rules defining ownership transfer terms, ownership interest allocation terms, and funds distribution terms, associated with the product;
determine whether a triggering event corresponding to the event is stored in the event trigger list; when the event has a corresponding triggering event, determine the associated rule within the rules engine; and update and save the distributed electronic ledger by performing an action specified by the determined associated rule.
15. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein the event information includes an ownership identifier associated with the product.
16. The apparatus of claim 15, wherein the ownership identifier is associated with all of the entities having a respective registered ownership interest in the product.
17. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein the product is a connected device and wherein at least a part of the event information is obtained from the product when in a connected state.
18. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein the action comprises processing the transfer of an entity's registered ownership interest in the product to another entity.
19. The apparatus of claim 18, wherein the processing the transfer includes
approving the transfer, and wherein the processor is configured to update the distributed electronic ledger responsive to approving the transfer.
20. A computer implemented method of tracking the ownership of a manufactured product comprising the steps of: receiving with a processor a signal representing data including event information detailing an event involving at least one of plural entities each having a respective registered ownership interest in the product; loading with a processor a portion of a distributed electronic ledger for tracking ownership information associated with the product, the distributed electronic ledger including, within a block thereof and associated with the product, an event trigger list including entity data associated with each of the plural entities and a rules engine including rules associated with event triggers in the event trigger list;
determining with the processor that a triggering event corresponding to the event is stored in the event trigger list; identifying with the processor a rule associated with the corresponding triggering event, wherein the rule is stored in a rules engine within the distributed electronic ledger; and executing the identified rule with the processor by updating and saving the distributed electronic ledger and performing an action specified by the identified rule, wherein the action is processing the re-allocation of a portion of the at least one of the plural entities' registered ownership interest in the product to another one of the plural entities.