||WO||WO/2014/056535 - PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS||17.04.2014||
||PCT/EP2012/070133||HALDOR TOPSØE A/S||DYBKJÆR, Ib|
The invention relates to a process for the production synthesis gas from Fischer-Tropsch tail gas including autothermal reforming and shifting a portion of autothermally reformed process gas in order to produce product stream of synthesis gas richer in carbon monoxide.
||WO||WO/2014/057013 - PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS||17.04.2014||
||PCT/EP2013/071113||HALDOR TOPSØE A/S||DYBKJÆR, Ib|
The invention relates to a process for the production of synthesis gas from tail gas including autothermal reforming and shifting a portion of autothermally reformed process gas in order to produce a product stream of synthesis gas richer in carbon monoxide.
||WO||WO/2014/056386 - HYDROGEN GENERATING COMPOSITION, REACTOR, DEVICE AND HYDROGEN PRODUCTION METHOD||17.04.2014||
||PCT/CN2013/083551||JIN, Ke||JIN, Ke|
Disclosed are a hydrogen generating
composition, reactor, device and hydrogen production
method, the composition comprising sodium borohydride and a filler; the filler is a substance having a solubility less than 10g/100g water and being chemically stable under a basic or neutral condition at the temperature from 130℃ to 140℃; the bulk size of the filler is 0.02-16 times the bulk size of the sodium borohydride; the mass ratio between the filler and the sodium borohydride is less than or equal to 2:1; the bulk specific gravity of the filler is less than 16; and the average particle diameter of the filler is less than that of the sodium borohydride. The present invention has a high weight density of the produced hydrogen
, full reaction and lower cost, and is environmentally friendly, practical, and simple to pause and restart.
||WO||WO/2014/058907 - INTEGRATED HYDROPROCESSING||17.04.2014||
||PCT/US2013/063923||VENTECH ENGINEERS INTERNATIONAL LLC||ARMISTEAD, George|
The present invention relates to a method and system for converting gas to liquids and fractionating crude oil or condensate. Advantageously, it includes hydroprocessing at least a portion of the fractionated product and at least a portion of the Fischer-Tropsch products in the same hydroprocessor. Among other advantages the present invention provides for improved output quality for diesel and/or naphtha, reduced transportation and/or storage costs, and/or enhanced energy efficiency.
||WO||WO/2014/056110 - REACTANT FLOW CHANNELS FOR ELECTROLYZER APPLICATIONS||17.04.2014||
||PCT/CA2013/050769||POWERDISC DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION LTD.||MACKINNON, Sean Michael|
An electrolyzer or unitized regenerative fuel cell has a flow field comprising at least one channel, wherein the cross-sectional area of the channel varies along at least a portion of the channel length. In some embodiments the channel width decreases along at least a portion of the length of the channel according to a natural exponential function. The use of this type of improved flow field channel can improve performance and efficiency of operation of the electrolyzer device.
||WO||WO/2014/053168 - HYDROGEN GENERATION OUT OF WATER||10.04.2014||
||PCT/EP2012/069441||CATERPILLAR ENERGY SOLUTIONS GMBH||SCHILIRÒ, Michele|
The present invention relates to a spark-ignited gas engine 1 and a procedure for running a spark-ignited gas engine (1) having a combustion chamber 1.1 and an exhaust gas duct 6 and a thermal reformer 3, the reformer 3 being connected to at least a part of the exhaust gas duct 6 for supplying the reformer 3 with heat, whereas said reformer 3 is supplied with water and converts water (H20) into hydrogen (H2) according to the following reactions: R1: MOred + H20 «-» MO0X + H2, R2: MOox «-» MOred + 02, and there are additional heating means 7.1, said heating means 7.1 being powered by a part of the gas the engine 1 is powered with in order to achieve the following exothermic oxidation reaction: R3: CH4 + 02 «-» 2H2O + CO2 or R3' : CnHm + (n/2)02 «-» (m/2)H2 + nCO, whereby the heating means 7.1 are thermodynamically coupled to the reformer 3 for additionally heating the reformer 3.
||WO||WO/2014/054336 - RENEWABLE ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM||10.04.2014||
||PCT/JP2013/071001||HITACHI, LTD.||NAITO Hiroto|
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a renewable energy storage system capable of storing and supplying renewable energy with high efficiency. The renewable energy storage system is provided with: an electric power-generating device (1) for converting renewable energy to electric energy; an electrolysis device (3) for manufacturing hydrogen
gas using the electric energy obtained by the electric power-generating device (1); a hydrogen-adding device (reactor (7)) for adding hydrogen
by the electrolysis device (3) to an unsaturated hydrocarbon and converting same to a saturated hydrocarbon; an unsaturated hydrocarbon storage tank (10) for storing the unsaturated hydrocarbon; a saturated hydrocarbon storage tank (11) for storing the saturated hydrocarbon; and a heat-exchanging unit (17) for supplying the heat generated in the reactor (7) to the electrolysis device (3).
||WO||WO/2014/053587 - PROCESS FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN AND GENERATING POWER||10.04.2014||
||PCT/EP2013/070606||SHELL INTERNATIONALE RESEARCH MAATSCHAPPIJ B.V.||ALDRETT LEE, Salvador|
The invention relates to a process for producing hydrogen
power comprising the following steps: (a) subjecting a gaseous hydrocarbon feedstock to an endothermic steam reforming reaction by contacting the hydrocarbon feedstock, in a steam reforming reaction zone, in the presence of steam, with a steam reforming catalyst under steam reforming conditions to obtain a gaseous mixture comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide; (b) recovering hydrogen from the mixture; (c) feeding a fuel and an oxidant to a turbine comprising in series a compressor, a combustion chamber and an expansion turbine, wherein the compressor is drivingly coupled to the expansion turbine, wherein the oxidant is compressed in the in the compressor to obtain compressed oxidant and the fuel is combusted with the compressed oxidant in the combustion chamber to obtain a stream of combusted gas; (d) feeding at least part of the stream of combusted gas to the expansion turbine to generate power and to obtain a turbine flue gas; and (e) providing heat for the endothermic reforming reaction by bringing a hot gas stream generated in step (c) and/or step (d) in heat exchange contact with the steam reforming reaction zone; and (f) liquefaction of the hydrogen recovered in step (b) by subjecting the hydrogen recovered to a liquefaction cycle comprising cooling and compressing the hydrogen.
||WO||WO/2014/053027 - CARBON ELECTRODES||10.04.2014||
||PCT/AU2013/001148||NEWSOUTH INNOVATIONS PTY LIMITED||ZHAO, Chuan|
A method of electrolysing water is described comprising the steps of preparing a carbon electrode by treating a carbon material with one or more ionic liquids so as to functionalise the surface of the carbon material with ions from the ionic liquid. The method also includes the step of electrolysing water with the carbon electrode. Claimed ionic liquids have a A[pka] in the range of from about 10 to about 20, preferred anions being selected from the group consisting of: RS03" or RCOO, where R is an alkyl or a substituted alkyl group; (CF3S03)-; (R-CF2CF2S03)"; (CF3S02)N"; (CF3S02)3C\ CHF2CF2S03"; (CH3CH2S04)", and/or mixtures thereof, while cations including a positively charged nitrogen atom such as a substituted imidiazolium are preferred. Fig. 1 shows a typical apparatus for fuctionalising carbon with an ionic liquid. Carbon in the form of a carbon allotrope, graphite (10), is electrochemically-treated in an electrochemical cell (100). The electrochemical cell (100) includes two cell compartments, a first electrochemical cell compartment (20) and a second electrochemical cell compartment (40). The first compartment (20) and the second compartment (40) are separated by glass frit (70). The electrochemical cell includes a working electrode assembly (25) that is contained in the first compartment (20). The working electrode assembly (25) includes a working electrode (22). Graphite (10) forms at least a part of the working electrode (22). A counter electrode assembly (45) is contained in the second compartment (40). A platinum wire (46) forms a counter electrode (42) in the counter electrode (15) assembly (45). A reference electrode assembly (30) with a reference electrode (32) is used to ascertain the potential of the working electrode (22) by way of comparison. The electrochemical cell (100) includes an electrolyte (60).
||WO||WO/2014/055229 - FUEL UNIT, GAS GENERATOR AND SYSTEM||10.04.2014||
||PCT/US2013/059902||EVEREADY BATTERY COMPANY, INC||FISHER, Allison M.|
Disclosed is a fuel unit for a gas generator such as a hydrogen
that can supply gas to a gas consuming system such as a fuel cell system. The fuel unit includes a housing containing a solid fuel composition (20) and a heat producing material (22). The fuel composition contains gas releasing solid material that reacts to release gas when heated. The heat producing material reacts exothermically to produce heat. A plurality of quantities of the heat producing material are in thermal communication with corresponding portions of an unsegregated quantity the fuel composition such that, following initiation of a reaction of each quantity of the heat producing material, the quantity of heat producing material will heat the corresponding portion of the unsegregated quantity of the fuel composition, and the corresponding portion of the unsegregated quantity of the fuel composition will react to release a quantity of the gas.