||WO||WO/2014/202314 - PLANT AND PROCESS FOR THE EFFICIENT UTILIZATION OF EXCESS ELECTRIC ENERGY||24.12.2014||
||PCT/EP2014/060310||EVONIK INDUSTRIES AG||MARKOWZ, Georg|
In a plant comprising a first apparatus for the electrochemical or electrothermal production
, which produces
a first hydrogen
stream; a second apparatus for producing hydrogen
from a hydrocarbon by steam reforming, partial oxidation or dehydrogenation, which produces
a second hydrogen
stream; a hydrogen conduit or a hydrogen consumer to which both the first hydrogen stream and the second hydrogen stream are fed; and a control device which matches the production
in the first apparatus and in the second apparatus in such a way that the total amount of first hydrogen stream and second hydrogen stream corresponds to a predetermined value, excess electric energy can be efficiently utilized by operating the apparatus for the electrochemical or electrothermal production
with excess electric energy.
||WO||WO/2014/204200 - HYDROGEN FUEL CONVERTER PROVIDED WITH PHOTOCATALYST AND METHOD FOR PREPARING HYDROGEN FROM METHANOL USING PHOTOCATALYST||24.12.2014||
||PCT/KR2014/005351||SOGANG UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FOUNDATION||YOON, Kyung Byung|
The present invention provides a hydrogen fuel converter including: a photocatalyst; a vessel which can receive an organic compound in a liquid state and in which a hydrogen generating
reaction through photooxidative dehydrogenation occurs from the organic compound; and an outlet for hydrogen fuel. Also, the present invention provides a method for preparing hydrogen
comprising generating hydrogen
from an organic compound at a desired time point or in a desired amount by performing or terminating a hydrogen forming reaction through light irradiation or light occlusion in the presence of a photocatalyst. Further, the present invention provides a method for preparing hydrogen from a compound selected from the group consisting of methanol, formaldehyde, formic acid, and a mixture thereof in the presence of a photocatalyst into which a promoter is deposited, wherein: the photocatalyst forms electrons when exposed to photo energy; and the promoter assists in hydrogen
by reducing hydrogen
ions (H+) using the electrons formed by the photocatalyst. In the method, it is preferable that the reaction is performed through photo-irradiation under an inert gas atmosphere or an anaerobic atmosphere.
||WO||WO/2014/202429 - A HYDROGEN GAS GENERATION SYSTEM, AND PROCESS FOR THE ELECTROCATALYTIC PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN GAS.||24.12.2014||
||PCT/EP2014/062003||CLEAN POWER HYDROGEN LIMITED||NIGEL, Williamson|
system comprises an electrolysis reactor stack adapted to perform electrolysis on an electrolyte solution and generate a mixture of electrolyte solution and oxygen and hydrogen gas, a separator configured to receive from the reactor stack the mixture of electrolyte solution and oxygen and hydrogen gas, and separate the oxygen and hydrogen gas mixture from the electrolyte solution, and a drying system configured to receive the mixture of oxygen and hydrogen gas and remove water and impurities contained within the water from the mixture of gasses. A gas separation system is configured to expose the at least partially dried gas mixture to cryogenic temperatures to distil the oxygen out of the mixture as non-gaseous oxygen to leave purified hydrogen gas, and a storage system is provided for storing the purified hydrogen as a gas or a liquid.
||WO||WO/2014/203996 - VISIBLE LIGHT RESPONSIVE PHOTOCATALYST MATERIAL||24.12.2014||
||PCT/JP2014/066451||TOTO LTD.||TOKUDOME, Hiromasa|
Disclosed is a visible light responsive photocatalyst material formed by covering a base material with photocatalyst particles achieving both high crystallinity and micronization of primary particles and capable of producing hydrogen
. This photocatalyst material is a visible responsive photocatalyst material formed by immobilizing, on a base material, a photocatalyst layer including photocatalyst particles that are each capable of producing hydrogen
and have a primary particle diameter of 100 nm or less. More preferably, a pore having 10-200 nm inclusive is formed between the photocatalyst particles. Consequently, the appearance of water splitting due to high photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation becomes possible.
||US||20140369923 - HYDROGEN GENERATOR AND PRODUCT CONDITIONING METHOD||18.12.2014||
||14329454||Intelligent Energy, Ltd||Braithwaite Daniel|
A hydrogen generator that includes a solid fuel mixture, a liquid reactant, a liquid delivery medium (LDM), a movable boundary interface (MBI), a reaction zone, wherein the MBI provides constant contact between a reacting surface of the solid fuel mixture and the liquid reactant delivered by the LDM to form the reaction zone, and a product separation media, fluidly coupled to the reaction zone by a fluid junction, that degasses a product. The hydrogen generator may further include auxiliary LDMs disposed throughout the hydrogen generator, wherein said auxiliary LDMs may be operated based on a ratio of the liquid reactant flow rate to the hydrogen generation rate.
||US||20140367275 - HYDROGEN FEED METHOD AND SYSTEMS FOR ENGINES||18.12.2014||
||14290836||MINGILINO Chris||MINGILINO Chris|
The invention provides a method for enriching air with hydrogen for subsequent use by internal combustion engines, the method comprising supplying a modified form of water; electrolyzing the water to produce hydrogen gas; mixing the gas with air to produce a hydrogen-air mixture; and injecting the mixture into the air intake of a combustion engine. Also provided is a system for enriching internal combustion engine air intake with hydrogen gas, the system comprising modified water; an electrolysis unit for producing hydrogen gas from the modified water; and process for mixing the gas with ambient air to create a mixture, and a venturi-based injector for inserting the mixture into the air intake system of the engine.
||US||20140369897 - HEAT INTEGRATED REFORMER WITH CATALYTIC COMBUSTION FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION||18.12.2014||
||14376540||Verykios Xenophon||Verykios Xenophon|
A heat integrated steam reformer, which incorporates a catalytic combustor, which can be used in a fuel processor for hydrogen production from a fuel source, is described. The reformer assembly comprises a reforming section and a combustion section, separated by a wall. Catalyst (21) able to induce the reforming reactions is placed in the reforming section, either in the form of pellets or in the form of coating on a suitable structured catalyst substrate such as fecralloy sheets. Catalyst (22) able to induce the combustion reactions is placed in the combustion section in the form of coating on suitable structured catalyst substrate such as fecralloy sheet. A steam and fuel mixture (30) is supplied to the reforming section (14) where it is reformed to produce hydrogen. A fuel and an oxygen (32) containing gas mixture is supplied to the combustion section where it is catalytically combusted to supply the heat for the reformer. The close placement of the combustion and reforming catalysts facilitate efficient heat transfer. Multiple such assemblies can be bundled to form reactors of any size. The reactor made of this closely packed combustion and reforming sections is very compact.
||WO||WO/2014/198450 - STORAGE-STABLE GAS PRODUCTION CELL||18.12.2014||
||PCT/EP2014/058307||VARTA MICROBATTERY GMBH||VOIGT, Uwe|
The invention relates to an electrochemical cell (100) for producing hydrogen
(a) or oxygen (b), having either (a) an anode comprising an electrochemically oxidizable substance and an electrode designed for producing hydrogen
, designed as a cathode or (b) a cathode consisting of an electrochemically reducible substance and an electrode designed for producing oxygen, designed as an anode, and having a housing, which surrounds an interior in which one of the mentioned combinations (a) or (b) of anode and cathode, separated by a separator (105), is arranged, wherein the housing has an aperture (107) which is closed by a thin polymer or metal layer (108), which, when the cell is first brought into operation, is destroyed by the pressure forming in the interior as a result of the production
or oxygen, with the result that hydrogen
or oxygen produced
can escape from the interior.
||WO||WO/2014/198948 - DEVICE AND METHOD FOR THE HYDROLYTIC PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN, DEVICE FOR PRODUCING ELECTRICAL ENERGY AND POSSIBILITIES FOR USAGE||18.12.2014||
||PCT/EP2014/062469||FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FÖRDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.||TEGEL, Marcus|
The invention relates to compact and light-weight disposable storage devices for producing electrical energy having extremely high energy densities (>1 kWh/kg and >1 kWh/L), which are of immense interest in many fields of application. One possibility for realizing such energy storage devices is the use of metal hydrides in hydrogen generators
, in which hydrogen
by hydrolytically splitting off a proton from water in conjunction with the metal hydride. In a second step, the chemical energy stored in the hydrogen can then be converted into electrical energy in a fuel cell. In the hydrolysis reaction, only half of the hydrogen produced
originates from the metal hydride – the water used for hydrolysis supplies the other half.
||WO||WO/2014/199176 - SYNTHESIS AND HYDROGEN STORAGE PROPERTIES OF MANGANESE HYDRIDES||18.12.2014||
||PCT/GB2014/051825||UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH WALES COMMERCIAL SERVICES LTD.||ANTONELLI, David|
This disclosure relates to novel manganese hydrides, processes for their preparation, and their use in hydrogen storage applications. The disclosure also relates to processes for preparing manganese dialkyl compounds having high purity, and their use in the preparation of manganese hydrides having enhance hydrogen storage capacity.