||WO||WO/2014/126546 - HYDROGEN GENERATOR WITH FUEL GAUGE||21.08.2014||
||PCT/US2013/025657||INTELLIGENT ENERGY, INC.||STIMITS, Jason, L.|
The invention is a hydrogen generator with a fuel gauge and a method of fuel gauging. The hydrogen generator includes a replaceable fuel unit, containing a hydrogen-containing material (fuel) that can release hydrogen gas when heated and whose thermal conductivity is related to a quantity of releasable hydrogen contained therein, and a fuel gauge including a heat source and a temperature sensor adjacent to the fuel unit and a controller for determining a fuel level value based on a measured temperature. The temperature is measured at a pre-established time after activating the heat source, and the measured temperature is compared to a predetermined relationship between the measured temperature and a releasable hydrogen content in the fuel at the pre-established time. An output signal is provided (e.g., to a visible display, an audible signal or a controller).
||WO||WO/2014/126631 - METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEQUESTERING CARBON DIOXIDE FROM A SPENT GAS||21.08.2014||
||PCT/US2013/071559||MIDREX TECHNOLOGIES, INC.||METIUS, Gary, E.|
A method and apparatus for sequestering carbon dioxide
from a waste gas and reusing it as a recycled gas without emissions concerns, including: given a gas source divided into a process gas and a waste gas: mixing the process gas with a hydrocarbon and feeding a resulting feed gas into a reformer for reforming the feed gas and forming a reducing gas; and feeding at least a portion of the waste gas into a carbon dioxide
scrubber for removing at least some carbon dioxide
from the waste gas and forming a carbon dioxide
lean gas that is mixed with the reducing gas. Optionally, the method also includes feeding at least a portion of the waste gas into the carbon dioxide
scrubber for removing at least some carbon dioxide
from the waste gas and forming a fuel gas after the addition of a hydrocarbon that is fed into the reformer. Optionally, the gas source and the reducing gas are associated with a direct reduction process for converting iron oxide to metallic iron in a reduction furnace that utilizes the reducing gas, optionally after some modification, and produces the gas source.
||WO||WO/2014/125305 - NOx TRAP COMPOSITION||21.08.2014||
||PCT/GB2014/050462||JOHNSON MATTHEY PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY||MCKENNA, Fiona-Mairead|
A method to produce a NOx trap composition, and its use in a NOx trap and in an exhaust system for internal combustion engines, is disclosed. The NOx trap composition is produced by heating an iron-containing zeolite in the presence of an inert gas and an organic compound to produce a reductively calcined iron/zeolite. A palladium compound is then added to the reductively calcined iron/zeolite, and the resulting Pd-Fe/zeolite is then calcined at 400 to 600°C in the presence of an oxygen-containing gas to produce the NOx trap composition. The NOx trap composition shows low temperature NO capacity below 200°C, as well as an additional NO storage
temperature window in the 200 to 250°C range.
||WO||WO/2014/125269 - PROCESSES FOR DESALINATION AND PURIFICATION BY FORWARD OSMOSIS||21.08.2014||
||PCT/GB2014/050403||ISIS INNOVATION LIMITED||KRUGER, Tim|
The present invention provides a process for producing desalinated water, the process comprising: providing a saline solution (1); providing an aqueous draw solution (2) comprising a metal bicarbonate, wherein said metal bicarbonate is selected from calcium bicarbonate, magnesium bicarbonate and mixtures thereof; drawing water from the saline solution into the aqueous draw solution by forward osmosis across a selectively permeable membrane (3), such that the aqueous draw solution is diluted with desalinated water; and recovering
desalinated water (7) from the diluted aqueous draw solution (4) by heating in a vessel (5). Precipitated metal carbonate (8) and a gaseous carbon dioxide
containing stream (10) are passed to a vessel (9) containing water, to form an aqueous metal bicarbonate solution which is recycled as draw solution. The present invention also provides a process for the purification of gaseous streams containing carbon dioxide
||WO||WO/2014/124873 - HYDROGEN QUALITY DIFFERENTIATION AT REFUELLING STATION||21.08.2014||
||PCT/EP2014/052404||SHELL INTERNATIONALE RESEARCH MAATSCHAPPIJ B.V.||LOUIS, Jurgen Johannes Jacobus|
The present invention provides a process for dispensing gaseous hydrogen at a refuelling station comprising before dispensing dividing an initial hydrogen stream into at least two streams, wherein at least one of the streams is purified in a hydrogen purification step. In a further aspect the invention provides a system for dispensing gaseous hydrogen.
||WO||WO/2014/125495 - METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TREATING WATER||21.08.2014||
||PCT/IL2014/050171||BIOPHARMAX GROUP LTD.||SACKSTEIN, Shlomo|
Aspects of embodiments relate to a method for treating water received at a treatment system. The method may include reducing the scaling potential of the water by subjecting the water to electrolysis by an electrolytic scaling potential reducer; and substantially removing disinfectant from the water by irradiating the water with ultraviolet light by a UV disinfectant reducer. The method may further include sanitizing the electrolytic scaling potential reducer and/or sanitizing the UV disinfectant reducing apparatus by running hot water through either one or both of them. Additional aspects relate to an apparatus comprising an electrolytic scaling potential reducer; and an ultraviolet disinfectant reducer that is in fluid communication with the electrolytic scaling potential reducer.
||WO||WO/2014/126748 - PROCESS FOR FLOATING LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS PRETREATMENT||21.08.2014||
||PCT/US2014/014578||UOP LLC||ZHOU, Lubo|
A method of pretreating a natural gas stream for a floating liquefied natural gas plant is described. A natural gas feed stream is introduced into an amine absorption unit and a temperature swing adsorption unit located on a ship. The temperature swing adsorption unit has a dehydration cycle and a CO2
removal cycle. The amount of motion of the ship, or the level of CO2
in the natural gas feed stream with reduced contaminants, or both, is monitored. If the amount of motion of the ship or the level of CO2
in the natural gas feed stream with reduced contaminants exceeds a predetermined value, temperature swing adsorption unit is switched from the dehydration cycle to the CO2
||WO||WO/2014/125296 - POSITIVE IGNITION ENGINE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM COMPRISING THREE-WAY CATALYSED FILTER||21.08.2014||
||PCT/GB2014/050445||JOHNSON MATTHEY PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY||CLOWES, Lucy|
A positive ignition engine comprises an exhaust system for a vehicular positive ignition internal combustion engine, which exhaust system comprising a filter for filtering particulate matter from exhaust gas emitted from the vehicular positive ignition internal combustion engine, which filter comprising a porous substrate having inlet surfaces and outlet surfaces, wherein the porous substrate is coated at least in part with a three-way catalyst washcoat comprising a platinum group metal and a plurality of solid particles, wherein the plurality of solid particles comprises at least one base metal oxide and at least one oxygen storage
component which is a mixed oxide or composite oxide comprising cerium, wherein the mixed oxide or composite oxide comprising cerium and/or the at least one base metal oxide has a median particle size (D50) less than 1µm and wherein the platinum group metal is selected from the group consisting of: (a) platinum and rhodium; (b) palladium and rhodium; (c) platinum, palladium and rhodium; (d) palladium only; or (e) rhodium only.
||WO||WO/2014/125986 - METHOD OR SYSTEM FOR RECOVERING CARBON DIOXIDE||21.08.2014||
||PCT/JP2014/052734||MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.||IIJIMA, Masaki|
A method or system for recovering carbon dioxide
is provided with which in a plant for synthesizing methanol from a hydrocarbon gas or synthesizing gasoline therefrom via methanol, the waste heat of a low-temperature reformed gas, which has conventionally been discarded and is difficult to reutilize, can be effectively utilized. In the system for synthesizing methanol or gasoline from a hydrocarbon gas and for recovering carbon dioxide
, a reformed gas is produced by steam reforming of the hydrocarbon gas. Since a combustion discharge gas generates when a fuel gas is burned in order to obtain a heat source for the steam reforming, carbon dioxide
from the combustion discharge gas in an absorption tower (40) using an absorption liquid. In a regeneration
tower (10), the reformed gas is used first as a heat source for a first reboiler (20A) located at the tower bottom, and the reformed gas having a lowered temperature is then used as a heat source for a second reboiler (20B) located in a middle position to heat the absorption liquid in stages, thereby regenerating
the absorption liquid.
||WO||WO/2014/123548 - AGENTS FOR CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE, AGENTS FOR AMINE STABILIZATION AND METHODS OF MAKING AGENTS FOR CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE AND AMINE STABILIZATION||14.08.2014||
||PCT/US2013/025636||PRO-CON INTERNATIONAL, LLC||BUBLITZ, Mark, Owen|
Amine stabilizing agents containing an azeotrope comprising water, an alcohol, and sodium stabilized by surrounding organized water. Amine stabilizing agents containing water and a liquid silica hydroxide compound. Methods of making of amine stabilizing agents where solid silicon rock and sodium hydroxide are mixed with an ammonium/water solution to produce a green liquid in a first stage of the reaction. Alcohol is added and the alcohol fraction is separated from the non-alcohol fraction to produce an alcohol fraction product and a bottom fraction that is not soluble in alcohol or organics. The alcohol extraction is repeated a number of times to produce a concentrated product with little silicon. The agents can be added to amines for stabilizing amines in an amine processing of gases, in CO2 capture
, in CO2
abatement systems and in other systems where amines are utilized to remove contaminants.